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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01723 9473 

GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1874 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



Itsteknl anir (ieneithgtcal lepfcr. 






PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 



Xcto=22iiBlantr Pjtetortc, ^enealofitcal Socfrtg. 



FOR THE YEAR 1874. 



VOLUME XXVIII. 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 
Printed by David Clapp & Son. 
1874. 



Vol. XXVIII. 



THE 



Price $ 3 a Year. 

X 71 1399 



Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 



N° CIX. 

JANUARY — MARCH, 1874 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDEIl THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON: 

THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 
David Clapp & Son, Phintehs. 
334 Washington St. 



V 



_, 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistor1874wate 



^gT The REGISTER, the oldest historical magazine in the icorld, and now clad in 
a new and improved dress, salutes its readers at the beginning of Uie 28th volume. 

The present number contains several articles of. more than ordinary interest, and 
many valuable historical facts never before published. We have reason to expect that 
the same will be true of the succeeding numbers. 



CONTENTS— JANUARY, 1874. 

*** Portrait of the Hon. E. E. BOURNE, LL.D. (To face page \.) 
I. Memoir or the Hon. Edward E. Bourne, LL.D. By Edwin B. Smith, Esq. I 

II. William Coddington and Richard Bellingham, once citizens of Boston, 
Eng. — Bellingham a Member of Parliament from that Borough — Sub- 
scrito rs to the John Cotton Fund — Memorial Inscription by Edward 
Everett. By David King, M.D 13 

III. Agreement for a Rearrangement of the Massachusetts Line of the 

Army, 1783. Com by Charles II. Morse, Esq 16 

IV. Three Historic Flags and Three September Victories: The Flags of 

the Bon Homme Richard, U.S. Brig Enterprise, and Fort McHcnry, and 
the Victories with which they are associated. By Cant. Geo. Henry 

Preble, U.S.N. 17 

V. The Swedes on the Delaware and their Intercourse with New- 
England, By Frederic Kidder, Esq 42 

VI. Henry Cruger's Letter to John Hancock, 1783, with Notes by John 

Ward Dean, A.M. 51 

VII. The Town of Hollis, N.H. (Part II.) By the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester . 52 

VIII. Mandamus Councillors. -Com. by the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D. . . 61 

IX. Journal of a Survey of Bridgeton, Maine, in 1706, by Solomon Wood. 

Corn, by Isaac B. Choate, Esq 63 

X. Records of Hull, Mass. (Continued.) Com. by Willard S Allen, Esq. . 07 

XL The Douglass Family of Massachusetts and Maine. By /. Lujkin 

Douglass, Esq. 69 

XII. Francis Chamrernowne. By Charles W. Tattle, A.M. 75 

XIII. Notes and Queries : 

William Bowdoin (41); The Mayflower, 1538 (-50) ; Elder Thomas Wise- 
wall {00); Michael Lok, 1581 (62); Hutchinson-Family Record, Atkinson 
and King (83); Treasure on board the Huzzar Frigate (81); Hollis, N. H., 
and Dr. Column's Sermon, 1736; Animal Sermon before the Assembly, 
York, Maine, 1082 (86); Filibusters captured at Contoy Island, Cuba, 
1850; Kcayne or Cayne (87); Organization of the Church in Plymouth. 
N. II.; Perm Townscnd; Log-Book of the Ranger; Samuel Warde and 
Samuel Waitc (88); Brookfield, Mass., date of the Tax-List of Second 
Precinct; Joseph Jencks, of Lynn, Mass., and John Smith, of It. I.; The 
Daniells of Watertown, Mass. (89) ; Elijah and Jabez Parsons of Conn.; 
Ancestry of the Palmes family of Conn.; DeTt?rnay's Monument in 
Newport, It. I. ; Commemorative "Tea-parties" in December, 1873; Elias 
Stone; Jeremy Belknap (90); Martin Family ; Hampshire County (Mass.) 
Records ; Stephen Greenleaf, of- Medford, and Elias Stone, of Charlestown , 
(Mass.); Wheaton Family; John Kingman of Weymouth (91). 

XIV. Necrology or the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 

Joseph Allen, D.D. ; Samuel Burnham, A.M. ; Zedekiah S Barstow, D.D.; 

Sir Frederic Madden; William Powell Mason, Esq 91-96 

XV. Historical Societies and their Proceedings: 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society (July 9, Sept 3, Oct. 1, Nov. 
5, Dec. 3) ; New-London County Historical Society (Nov. 24) ; Vermont 
Historical Society (Oct. 14) 95-101 

XVI. Book-Notici-s: 

Nason's Gazetteer of Massachusetts; Duyckinck's Portrait Gallery of 
• Eminent Men and Women of Europe and America; Rogers's Transactions 
of the Royal Historical Society; Report and Collections of the Wisconsin 
Historical' Society, vol. vi. ; Vinton's Symmes Memorial; Pearson's 
Genealogies of First Settlers of Schenectady; Pearson's Genealogies of 
Descendants of First Settlers of Albany ; (F. S.J Drake's Memorials of the 
Society of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts ; Staffer's Sir William 
Alexander and American Colonization; Memoirs of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, vols. ix. and x.; (S.A.J Drake's Historic Fields and 
Mansions of Middlesex; Johnston's History of Bristol and Bremen, 
Maine, including the Pemaquid Settlement 101-111 

XVII. Obituary Notices : Geo. Gordon Meade ; Charles Reed ; John It. Thompson 111-112 



The REGISTER is an accepted medium of communication between historical 
students in all parts of this country. In order to still further enlarge its usefulness, 
more special efforts will be made to procure and publish a synopsis of the proceedings 
of the principal historical and other learned societies in America. All such societies 
are invited to aid us by promptly forwarding reports of their transactions. 
AJ BERT II. HOYT, GEO. HENRY PREBLE, 

JOHN WARD DEAN, LUCIUS It. PAIGE, 

Wll LIAM W. TOWNE, LlAltltY II. EDKS, Com. on Publication. 

j i ■ - -f 







6.S.3V 






Committee m f ttMtata, 

18 7 4. 



ALBERT H. HOYT, GEO. HENRY TREBLE, 

JOHN WARD DEAN, LUCIUS R. PAIGE, 

WILLIAM B. TOWNE, HARRY II. EDES. 



fEtottor, 
ALBERT H. HOYT. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the Volume.] 

Address of PresideDt Wilder, 303 

Albums and photographs of members donated, 219 



Alger, John, his parentage wanted, 330 
Allen, Joseph, necrology of, 91 
America, Neal's notes on early, 314 
Amherst, its early bell, 237 

Atkinson, notes on the New-Hampshire family, 83 
Attack upon Hadley, and the appearance of Gen. 
Goffe, Sept. 1, 1675, doubted by Sheldon, 379-391 
Arms. See coats of arms 
Army of the Revolution in 1775, 259 
— — Agreement for rearrangement of the Massa- 
chusetts line of, in 1783, 16 

See Rolls 

Autographs of— 

E. E Bourne, 1 ; Joshua Winslow Peirce, 367 ; 

E. P. Tileston, 113 ; William Whiting, 233 

Baker, query in regard to Samuel, of Hull, 205; 
note on genealogy of the family, 469 

Baldwin, note relating to John, 244 

Baptisms and birihs. See Records 

Barnes, Erastus, query on him, 204 

Barstow, Zedekiah S., necrology of, 94 

Bassett, note on Jeremiah, Jr., of Taunton, 471 

Belcher, note regarding the family, 204 

Belknap, note correcting, p. 353, vol. xxvli., 90 

Bellingham, Richard, once citizen of Boston, Eng- 
land, 13 

Bells, early church, of Massachusetts, 176, 279, 467 

Bennett, note in regard to family, 201 

Bills of credit first issued in Massachusetts, 160 

Biographical sketches of- 
Phebe Adams, 480 



Mohammed Al-Ghazta- 

li, 35S 
Joseph Allen, 91 
Holmes Ammidown, 4S0 
George Armistead, 34 
Wm. Aspenwall, 47 
Michael Bacon, 18 
Z. S Barstow, 94 
John Barry, 18 
Ri. Bellingham, 14 
John Bennett, 201 
William Bentley, 207 
Ed.E. Bourne, 1 
Wm. Bowdoin, 41 
Jas. Brooks, 363 
Wm. Browne, 259 
F. Buchanan, 364 
Bowen Buck man, 333 
Samuel Buruham, 92, 98 
Wm. Burrows, 28 
George Carew, 78 
Mr Carrington, 51 
Pr. Champernowne,318, 

340 
Thomas Coney, 130 
Samuel II. Cougar, 207 
M. J. Cohen, 33 
John Cotton, 15, 129, 

137 
Henry Cruger, 51 



Nathaniel Curtis, 100 
J ere. Daniell, 189 
Jos. Daniell, 188 
Bam. Daniell, 187 
Henry P. Deane, 231 
Timothy Dexter, 281 
Elijah Douglas, 70 
John Douglas, 69, 73 
Joseph Douglas, 72 
Joshua Douglas, 74 
William 1 ouglas, 464 
Geo. Downing, 225 
Joseph Dudley, 61 
William Pllery, 365 
Romeo Elton, 474 
Daniel Emerson, 160 
John Endicott, 221 
Millard Fillmore, 344 
Edward W. Flagg, 231 
Ri. Frobisher, 317 
Geo. Gibbs, 208 
Fer. Gorges, 80, 408 
Eliza Green, 4S6 
Alfred Greenkaf, 473 
Ilenrv llavbaugh, 334 
Sam. Hazard, 338 
Joseph L.llensbaw, 213 
Henry L Hobart, 209 
Joseph Howe, 209 
Mary L. Hurlbut, 486 
William Jenks, 335 



Biographical sketches of — 
Tho. Johnson, 18 
Wm 0. Johnson, 472 
Calvin Jones, 232 
Eliphalet Jones, 337 
J. Paul Jones, 17 
Tho. Jones, 314-7 
Fr. S. Key, 36, 40 
Henry Knox, 308 
Wm. B. Lapham, 356 
J. O. E. Earned, 472 
Hezekiah Lee, 398 
John Lee, 396 
Josiah Lee, 398 
Samuel Lee, 398 
Samuel Lee, 401 
Stephen Lee, 396 
Deborah Logao, 108 
Charles G. Loring, 330 
Charles S. Lynch, 212 
Micum Mclntire, 272 
G. J. McRee, 838 
Fred. Madden, 96 
Wm. P. Mason, 96 
In. Mather, 225 
George G. Meade, 111 
Preston Merrifield, 366 
Tho. Middlecott, 135 
Joseph Moody, 271 
Robert Morris, 18 
Joseph Moulton, 338 
Henry P. Munroe, 279 
Lucy L. Nowell, 232 
David P. Page, 340 
James Parker. 475 
Richard Pearson, 21 
Joshua W. Peirce, 367 



Tim. Pickering, 352 
Fitch Poole, 486 
Peter Powers, 42 
Geo. Henry Preble, 483 
John Raymond, 232 
Charles Reed, 111 
Tho. Richardson, 212 
Ann B. Riley, 232 
Tho. T. Rockwood, 210 
Sam. Sands, 39 
Francis Sawyer, 197 
J. II. Shapleigh, 232 
Geo. Sheldon, 286 
J. II. Sheppard, 98 
John Smith, 366 
H..G Somerby, 340 
Paul Spooner, 201 
Alex. Spottswood, 257 
Phineas Stevens, 463 
John B. Stafford, 17 
Sarah S. Stafford, 25 
J. R. Th< mpsoo, 112 
Edm. P. Tileston, 11* 
Jona. Trumbull, 193 
Cyrus Wakefield, 100 
Israel Washburn, 2^.2 
Mary M. Washburn, 

232 
Sylvanua Wentworth, 

486 
Wm. Westwood, 394 
O. M. Whipple, 211 
Andrew White, 357 
Fliza. Whiting, 333 
Nathaniel Whiting, 211 
Win. Whiting, 98, 233 



Benj. H. Penhallow, 232 Jas. Whitmore, 241 
Ira Perley, 344 Tho. Wisewall, 60 

Noah A. Phelps, 210 
Bon Homme Richard, its flag, &c, 17 
Book Notices — 

Albany, County of, N. Y., contributions for tho 
genealogies of the first settlers of, by Jona. 
Pearson, 105 

Alchemy of Happiness, by Al-Ghazzali, 358 

Alexander, Sir William, and American colonisa- 
tion, 106, issued by the Prince Society 

American Antiquarian society, its proceedings 
at the semi-annual meeting held in Boston, 
April, 29, 1874, 4S2 

American Colonial Church, Historical Collec- 
tions of it : Vol. I., Virginia ; Vol. II., Penn- 
sylvania ; Vol. III., Massachusetts. Edited 
by Wm. S. Perry, D.D., 485 

American Historical Record and Repository of 
Notes and Queries, No. 3 of Vol. III., 230 

Ammidown's Historical Collections relating to 
Oxford and other towns in Massachusetts and 
Connecticut, 480 

Architectural Societies of England. Reports of 
papers read before them in 1870, 227 

Bristol and Bremen, Me., including the Pema- 
quid seUlement,historyof,by John JuhnatoD, 110 



IV 



General L\dex. 



Book Notices — 

Caldwell, Genealogy of the family of John, of 

Ipswich, Mass., by Augustus Caldwell, 356 
Catechism for the Quiripi Indians, by Abraham 

Pierson ; a reprint, 354 
Caveruo. Record of the Family, by A. Caverno, 

356 
Christ Church, Boston, Historical Sketch at the 

one hundred and fiftieth Anniversary, by 

Henry Burroughs, 360 
Cincinnati, memorials of the Massachusetts 

society of the, by Jb\ S. Drake, 105 
Colonization of America by the English in the 

17th century, by Edward D. Neill, 353 
Colonization, American, a volume including all 

the royal charters granting lands to Sir Win. 

Alexander, &o. Edited by Edmund F. Slaf- 

ter, 106 
Connecticut Colony. The Public RecordB of 

Vols. VII., VIII., 1726-1743, 228 
Copper Coinage of the Earl of Sterling, by 

Edmund F. Slafter, 360 
Dwight. The History of the Descendants of 

John Dwight, of Dedham, Mass., by Benj. 

W. Dwight, 479 
Genealogy and Biography. A complete and 

practical system of Family Registration, &c, 

by J. M. Hawks, 361 
Goddards of North Wilts, England. A memoir 

of them, by Richard Jefferies, 229 
Guild, Dea. Reuben, of West Dedham, Mass. 

His 80th Birthday Anniversary, 230 
Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass. Bio- 
graphical Sketches of Graduates, &c. Vol. I. 

1642-1658. By John L. Sibley, 222 
Historical Magazine and Notes and Queries, &c, 

230 
Historic Sketches of Hanson, Lakeville, Matta- 

poisett, Middleboro', Pembroke, Plympton, 

Rochester, Wareham and West Bridgewater, 

by E. W. Peirce, 229 
Lapham, Genealogy of Descendants of Thomas 

Lapham, of Scituate, by Wm. B. Lapham, 356 
Llvermore, Me., Historical Notes relating to, 483 
Maryland, Andrew White's Narrative of a voy- 
age to, in 1638, kc. Edited by E. A. Dal- 

rymple, 357 
Massachusetts Gazetteer, by Elias Nason, 101 
May, Col. John, Letters and Biographical Sketch 

of, by Richard S. Edes, 359 
Middlesex County, Mass., Historic Fields and 

Mansions of, by S. A. Drake, 109 
Mother Goose's Melodies, with Illustrations. 

Edited by Alexander Anderson, 481 
New-York Genealogical and Biographical Re- 
cord, 229 
New-Hampshire Historical Society. Proceedings 

of 1872-3, including the Semi-annual Exer- 
cises, 3G1 
Norwich, Conn., Memorial of the Soldiers of the 

great Rebellion, 1861-5, 361 
Notes and Queries : a medium of Intercommuni- 
cation for Literary Men. London, June, 1874 

—the 49th half-yearly volume, 481 
Numismatic and Archaeological Societies. The 

American Journal and Bulletin of, Vol. vlii. 

No. 4, 362 
Penn Monthly for March, 1874, 230 
Pennsylvania Historical Society, Memorial of, 

108 
Pickering.Timothy, Charles W. Upham's Life of, 

352 
Plymouth and Barnstable counties, Dean Dud- 
ley's Directory of, for 1873-4, 229 
Poems hitherto uncollected, edited by Rev. 

Francis L. Hawks. 481 
Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women of 
Europe and America, by E. A.Duyckinck, 102 
Potts Genealogy of Descendants, with a memoir 
of Thomas, Jr., by Mrs. Thomas Putts James, 
220 
Protestant Episcopal Church In the United 
States. The Journals of the General Conven- 
tion, 1784-1835, with notes and appendices, 
by Wm. S.Perry, D.D., 485 



Book Notices — 

Provincial Papers of New-Hampshire. Vol. 
VII. 1704-1776. Edited by Nathaniel Buu- 
ton, 482 
Preble Memorial of Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, 
U.S.N. , to the 43d Congress, with au Appen- 
dix, &c,4«3 
Pie-Historic Man, &c, by M. F. Foice, 369 
Royal Historical Society, Transactions of. Vol. 

II. Edited by Charles Rogers, 103 
Salem, Mass. The First Centenary of the 
North Church aud Society, July 19, 1872. 
Memorial Discourse by the Pastor, E. B Will- 
son, with Notes by llenry Wheatland, Presi- 
dent of the Essex Institute, 350 
Schenectady, N. Y., Contributions for the Gene- 
alogies of the Descendants of the First Set- 
tlers of, by Jonathan Pearson, 105 
Schuyler Family, by Joel Munsell, 356 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland. Seventh 

Reunion. The Oration by Durbin Ward, 360 
Southern Historical Society, Proceedings of 1S73, 

Address by Gen. Jubal A. Early, 362 
Sumner, Chailes, Life and Times of, by Elias 

Nason, 357 
Symmes Memorial, by John A.Vinton, 104 
Theological School of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in Virginia, semi-centennial celebra- 
tion, 1873, 359 
Upton Memorial. Genealogy of the Descendants 
of John Upton, of North Reading, by John A. 
Vinton, 228 
Virginia Historical Society, No. 1, New Series of 

its Publications, 362 
Whittier Genealogy of two lines of the Descend- 
ants of Thomas, of Haverhill, Mass., by D. B. 
Whittier, 230 
Wisconsin Report and Collections of the State 
Historical Society for 1869 to 1872, Vol. VI., 
104 
Wisconsin Historical Society Catalogue, by D. 
S. Durrie and his daughter Isabel. 2 vols. 
8vo. pp. 639 and 719, 355 
Yale College. Obituary Kecord of the Graduates 
deceased the year ending June, 1874, &c, 480 
Bo?ton, England, and John Cottun in 1621, 125 
Boston, Mass., Light Infantry Roll, 1812, 202 ; Mob 
in 1747, 4G2-3; Steam cars hrst run to Spring- 
field, 476 
Boui.dary line between Massachusetts and Now- 

llampshire, 64 
Bourne, memoir of Edward E., 1 
Bridgeton, Me., journal kept when it was surveyed 

in 1766, 63 
Brookiield, note on tax list found in Vol. xx. p. 160, 

89 
Bruen Family, note on, 244 
Buekman, Buwen, necrology of, 333 
Bunker Hill, Boldiers in the fight, 89; officers killed, 

260 
Burnham, Samuel, necrology of, 92 
Butler, Jonathan, information of wanted, 330 

Calvin, John, noticed, 405 

Cambridge, its early bells, 279 

Captives in Canada, taken in the French and Indian 

wars, 159 
Cayne, Maj. Benjamin, note on his coat of arms 87 
Champemowne, Francis, Memoir, by Tuttle, 75,318, 

403 
Charleston, Mass. Records of the first church, 

Charlestown, N. H., named In honor of Charles 

Kuowles. 463 . 

Chimes of bells in Massachusetts-Christ a in Bos- 
ton, the first in America, 181-Arlingtan St., Bos- 
ton 182— St. Ann's, Lowell, 284-Grace, Cam- 
bridge, 279— First Church, Charlestown, 1,8— 
Trinity, Haverhill, the first in Essex Co. and the 
sixth in the state, 284 
Chronios produced at small expense, 330 
Church bells in Massachusetts, 176, 279 
Church in Dorchester, S. C, history of, 403 
Church Records. See Records 



General Index. 



Cincinnati, members of the Society of the, stig- 
matized, 332 

Clans in Ireland, referred to, 175 

Clark, Deborah, her parentage wanted, 331 

Clotii manufacture In 1S13, 32 

Coats of Arms — 
Caync, 87 ; Eliot, 144 ; King's Colors at Salem, 
130, 221 ; Mayor of Loudon, 126 ; Pepperrell, 456; 
Willoughby, 205 

Coddington, William, onco citizen of Boston, Eng- 
land, 13 

Colburn, William D., obituary notice of, 231 

Colonizing race, the English pre-eminent, 353 

Congar, Samuel II., necrology of, 207 

Cooper, the parentage of Thomas wanted, 199 

Cotton, John, his letter on conformity, 137 ; sub- 
scribers to fund, 15 

Cox, the parentage of Tboma3 and Abigail wanted, 
199 

Crane Genealogy in preparation, 470 

Cromwell, note concerning the compounders under 
him, 139 

Cruger, Henry's, letter to J. ITancock, 51 

Curious bill for medicines in 1679, 377 

Currency, early, of Mass. and N.H., 147-51 ; Conti- 
nental bills described, 200 

Cutter, note on the family, 409 

Daniell, query in regard to two named Samuel, 89 ; 

genealogy of the descendants of Robert, 185 
Davenport, original letter of Rev. John wanted, 206 
Davis, Joanna's parentage, &c, wanted, 470 
Deane, Henry P., obituary notice of, 231 
Deaths, current, 111, 231, 363, 486 
Deerfleld, its early bell, 286 
Depositions of — 

Jona. Ager, 470 ; Nicholas Bartlett, S78 ; Leo 
Bawtree, 130 ; Wm. Bennett, 134 ; Ann Bram- 
ford, 132; Abraham Browne, 131; Thomau 
Browne, 133 ; John Child, 132 ; John Comock, 
132; Thomas Cony, 137; Peter Uixon, 131; 
Lot Gourding, 376 ; Atherton Ilaulgh (or 
Hough), 133; Ann llowets, 135; Anthony 
Irbye, 132 ; John and Wm. Jenkinson, 134-6 
Jacob Manning, 377 ; Thomas Middlecott, 135 
Wm. Pury, 135; Edward Rishworth, 154 
Thomas Shawe, 134 ; Richard Westland, 132 
DeTournay, note on his monument, 90 
DeWolf, of Lyme, Conn., information in relation to 

the family, 207 
Divine Service, order of at Boston, in early times, 181 
Douglass, genealogy of the families that iettled in 

Mass. and Maine, 69 
Dover, N. II., marriages of, 155 
Dunstable, old township of, 52, 146, 261 
Durham cattle, imported by Col. J. W. Peirce, 371 
Dustou tankard, where can it be found ? 327 

Early bells of Massachusetts, 176, 279, 467 

Eliot genealogy, 143-5 

Elton, Romeo, necrology of, 473 

Embargo, a curiou9 note on the, 205 

Emerson, Note and Query on Joseph's wife, 323 

Endicott's rash act, so called, 221 

English ownership of Ireland, 163, 423 

Enterprise, history of its flag, &c, 26 

Episcopal parishes, notice of Borne ancient ones, 331 

Epitaphs of — 

Armistead, 36 ; Blyth, 30 ; Burrows, 30 ; Cotton, 
16 ; Eliott, 144 ; Smith, 471 ; Waters, 31 ; Win- 
slow, 62 

Eranohegan, a plan of, with its surroundings, 119 

Erin, transfer of to Englishmen, 163, 291, 423 

Errors corrected on p. 233 

Exeter, Phillips Academy, Hat of portraits there, 446 

Feudal laws referred to in Amory's Transfer of 
Erin, 166 

Filibusters in Cuba, 1850, list of captured, 87 

Fireside enjoyment, 2 

Fisheries, American, 273 

Flagg, Edward W., obituary of, 231 

Flags, Preble's paper relating to three historic, 17 

Fletcher Genealogy, supplement to the, being pro- 
pared, 470 



Fort Strong, error, page 202, corrected, 333 

Freemen, a list of some in Middlesex county, Mass. 

1690, 243 
French territory in America, 451-66 
Friends. See Quakers. 

Probisher, Richard, the shipwright, &C, 317 
Froude criticized, 103,302-6 

Fur trade referred to, 47 

Garrison houses of York, Me., 2o3 

Genealogy of Families of — 

Adams, 169, 486 Lynch, 212 

Ames, 363 McRee, 338 

Atkinson, 83 Mann, 190 

Baker, 205, 469 Manning, 376 

Batson, 159 Mason, 186 

Belcher, 204 Masters, 2U0 

Belknap, 90 Miles, 192 

Bennett, 201 Mills, 15'J 

Bourne, 1 Mitchell, 204 

Breck, 186 Moulton, 339 

Bridges, 63 Ntale, 189 

Bruen, 244 Novell, 232 

Buchanan, 364 Packard, 471 

Buckman, 333-1 Page, 340 

Bullen, 180 Palmes, 90 

Burnham, 92 Parsons, 90 

Burrows, 28 Peabodw 03 

Butler, 330 Peirce, 368 

Champernowne, 322 Phelps, 210 

Coddington, 13 Penuallow, 84 

Cole, 159 Perkins, 1-2 

Coney, 136 Pitman, 100 

Cooper, 159, 199 Poole, 480 

Cotton, 373 Poore, 63 

Cox, 200 Pratt, 329 

Crehore, 191 Prescott, 332 

Crosby, 373 Preston, 306 

Cutter, 469 Price, 160 

Daniell, 89, 185 Kiehardson, 212, 327 

Deane, 231 Riley, 232 

Douglas, 09 Rishworth. 160 

Eliot, 144-5 Rockwood,'210 

Ellery, 306 Sanfurd, 204 

Emerson, 328 Sawyer, 194 

Fanning, 185 Sayer, 160 

Fisk, 187, 191 Scarborough, 330 

Frary, 186 Bentar, 160 

Fulford, 313 Sergeant, 200 

Gibbs, 203 Bhapleiab, 232 

Goddard, 326 Sn.ith, 100, 305 

Gorges, 407 Bpooner, 201 

Gray, 205 Staff .rd, 17 

Green, 199, 483 Stimpson, 329 

Greenleaf, 473 Stokes, 330 

Grout, 191 Stone, 90, 191,203 

Hastings, 159 Stowe, 188-9 

Henshaw,213 Strong, 395 

Ilobart, 209 Sulloway, 190 

Hockley, 191 Tileston, 113 

Hunt, 187 Trafton, 160 

Hurlbut, 483 Tratk, 411 

Ilurtado, 159 Upson, 395 

Hutchinson, S3 Vouden, 470 

Jenks, 335 Waite, 88 

Johnson, 472 Ward, 88 

Jones, 337 Warren, 160 

Jordan, 191 Washburn, 331 

Judd, 396 Webster, 232 

Keith, 188 Wentworth, 160, 192, 

Kimball, 241 306, 480 

Kin?, 83-4 Wheaton, 91 

Kingsbury, 188 Whipple, 211 

Knowles, 465 Wildes, 2 

Langton, 396 Williams. 875 

Lamed, 472 Willi.*, 100 

Lawrence, 4S6 Willoughhy, 205 

Lee, 394 Wib-on, 189 

Littlelield, 159 Wiuslow, 62, SI 

L'ingley, 159 Wis well, 137 

Luring, 205, 337, 409 Wood, 187 

Gibbs, George, necrology of, 20S 

Gleanings, genealogical, &c, by W. II. Whltmore, 
241 



VI 



General \Index, 



Goddard, Note on a Genealogy of the Family, 327 

Gorges Family, eminent, 403-9 

Gray, Andrew, of Harwich, a note relating to him, 

205 e 

Great Lake, expedition to discover, 46 
Green, Timothy, his parentage wanted, 199 
Greenland, N. II., early ministerial records, 261, 416 
Greenleaf, Alfred, necrology of, 473 
Greenleaf, Stephen, parentage of wanted, 91 
Grey-Hound Tavern in Roxbury, note on, 152 

Hadley, Mass., its early bell, 286 ; the Btory of the 
attack upon, and the appearance of Gen. Goffe, 
Sept. 1, 1675, doubted by Sheldon, 379 
IIa!e, Mrs. Lucinda, note relating to her, S32 
Halsey, Jeremiah, his commission, 288 
Hammond, Capt. Lawrence, where is his Journal ? 

329 
Hampshire, Mass., county of, the early records of 

at Hatfield, 91 
Hampton Falls, N. H., tax-payers in 1709, 371 
Harbaugh, Henry, necrology of, 334 
Hart Family, genealogy In preparation, 470 
Haverhill, its early bells, 283 
Hazard, Samuel, necrology of, 338 
Henshaw, Joseph L., necrology of, 213 
Heraldry, Report of the Committee of this Society 

for 1874, 323 
Hlggins, Capt. Cornelius's letter and pay-roll of his 

men, 243 
ningham, its early bells, 280 
Ilistury, NeaPs, notes on American, 814 
Historic flags, Preble's account of, 17 
Historical Societies in New-England, 311 
Historical Societies, Proceedings of — 
American Antiquarian Society, 219 
Connecticut Historical Society, 345 
Maine Historical Society, 346, 477 
New- England Historic, Genealogical SocIety,96, 

214, 342, 476 
New-Jersey Historical Society, 349 
New-Hampshire Historical Society, 348 
New-London (County), Conn., Historical So- 
ciety, 100 
Pennsylvania Historical Society, 348 
Pocutntuck Valley Memorial Association, 345 
Rhode Island Historical Society, 217, 346, 478 
Vermont Historical Society, 101 
Wisconsin Historical Society, 101 
Hobart, Henry L., necrology of, 209 
Hollis, N. II., Early History of, 52, 146, 261 ; notes 

in regard to, 86, 332 
Hope Hood's Point, note regarding it, 203 
Hornet, shipping list of the, 392; note in regard to 

the brig, 471 
Howe, Joseph, necrology of, 209 
null, Mass., Town Records of, 67 
Hutchinson, records of the family, 83 

Illustrations — 

Bourne, portrait of E. E. and his signature, 1 
Embargo will ruin us, 205 
Garrison houses of York, Me., 268 
Peirce, portrait of Joshua W. and signature, 867 
Tileston, portrait of E. P. and signature, 113 
Whiting, portrait of William and signature, 233 
Impressment for the British Navy, 462-3 
Indians, in regard to them, 42, 45, 71, 142, 158-60, 
203, 219, 226, 250, 268-72, 280-6, 314-15, 344, 347, 
354, 358, 379, 451-66 
Ipswich, its early bells, 280 

Ireland, transfer of it to English owners, by Amory, 
09, 163, 291, 423 

Jencks, Joseph, of Lynn, his parentage wanted, 89 

Jenks, William, necrology of, 335 

Johnson, Win. O., necrology of, 472 

Jones, Eliphalet, necrologv of, 337 

Jones. Thomas, an early shipmaster, 314 

Journals of Solomon Wood, kept when Drldgeton, 

Me., was surveyed, 63 
Junkins garrison described, 271 

Kimball Family, note in regard to the early genera- 
tions, 241 



Kiug, note relating to Daniel's family, 83 
Kingman, parentage of John wanted, 91 
Knight, Capt. R. Pearson made one, 21 
Knox Papers, described by President Wilder, 308 
Knowles, Admiral Sir Charles, Sketch of, by A. H 
Hoyt, 458-65 

Laconia Patent, 49 

Larned, Joseph G. E., necrology of, 472 
Lee, John, of Farmington, Conn., genealogy of his 
descendants, 394 ; note on the birthplace of Samuel, 
470 
Letters from — 

Com. John Barry, 25 

Edward Braddock (1755), 465 

Leonard Bawtree (1621), 126 

Edward Brawnde (1610?) 249-50 

William Browne (1770), 269 

John Claypool (1681), 202 

John Cotton (1624), 137 

Henry Cruger (1783), 51-2 

George R. Curwen (1874), 467-8 

Joseph Dow (1874), 373 

Daniel Emerson (1743), 149 

Thomas Eyre (1713), 161-2 

Samuel Gelston (1775), 437-8 

Edward Gray (1777), 440 

Joseph Hawley (1775), 275 

Cornelius Higgins, (1770), 243, 244 

Robert Heath (1621), 129 

Mrs. Charles Howard (1874), 470 

Batcheller, Hussey, &c. (1776), 274-5, 277, 278 

Anthony Irby (1021), 126 

nenry M. Keim (1874), 469 

Francis S. Key (1814), 37 

Christopher Kilby 1746, 451, 456 

Charles Knowles (1747), 464 

Increase and Cotton Mather (1698), 468-9 

William Pepperrell (1749), 457 

Benjamin F. Prescott (1874), 442 

John Printz (1644), 48 

Peter Sargent (1682), 200 

John Sevmour (1706), 162 

John Smith (1606 ?), 250-1 

Alexander Spotswood (1710-18), 257-8 

Charles Strong (1707), 373 

Roger B.Taney (1867?), 35 

Charles Tappan (1873), 32 

Christopher Tappan (1698)?) 469 

George Washington (1785), 198-9 

Josiah Willard (1747), 464 

John Winthrop (1643), 48 

Fletcher Yetts (1827), 84 
Leverett, its early bell, 287 
Lexington soldiers in the fight, 18 
Log-Dookof the Ranger, query in regard to it, 88 
Loring, note on a resident in Hull, 205 ; note on 

the genealogy of the family, 469 
Loring, Charles G., necrology of, 336 
Lowell, its early bell, 284 
Lynch, Charles S., necrology of, 212 

Mcnenry Fort, Preble's history of its flag, &c., 81 

Mclntire garrison described, 271 

McRee, Griffith J., necrology of, 333 

Madden, Frederick, necrology of, 96 

Maine. Order of the General Assembly in 1682 that 
a sermon be preached at the annual meeting of 
said body, 86 ; Local histories and family genealo- 
gies are being prepared in many places, 200 

Maiden, its early bell, 280 

Mandamus Councillors of Massachusetts, 61 

Manuscripts, histories, &o., referred to, 24, 81, 329 

Marriages current, 231. See Records 

Martin, information in regard to this family wanted, 
01 

Mason, William P., necrology of, 96 

Massachusetts. Law that each town or parish have 
a learned, able and orthodox minister. 64 ; Early 
bells of, 176, 279, 467; North line of, established, 5s ; 
Currency, 147, 160, 200 ; Rearrangement of its 
line of the army, 10 

Massachusetts Bay Restraining Bill, 276 

Masters, note concerning the family of J ohn of Salem, 
200 



General Index. 



Til 



Mayflower of Lynn, 1588, 50 

Meat, Knowles's recipe for curing, 462 

Members of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, 

necrology of. See Obituary Notices 
Merrimack, history of the U. 8. steamer of that 

name, 245 
Military, notes relating to the affairs of, 333. See 

Rolls of Army, Navy, &c. 
Mob in Boston, 1747, 462-3 
Moulton, Joseph, necrology of, 338 
Mumford, note concerning William of Boston, 202 
Museum of Revolutionary relics in TrentOD, 25 

Nantucket in tune of Revolution, 272, 439} Town 

Records of, all destroyed in 1846, 275 
Nating, England, records, &c., 143 
Newbury, its early bell, 282 

New-England, first settlement of and early settlers 
referred to, 9, 13, 42 ; Historical societies in differ- 
ent localities of, 311 
New-England Historic, Genealogical Society — 
Addresses and Annual Reports, 214, 306, 323 
List of memt ers deceased, 216 
Necrology of members, 01, 207 333, 472. See 

also Obituary Notices 
Officers for 1874, 214 

Photograph of members and albums donated, 216 
Proceedings of, 96, 214, 342, 476 
Serials wanted for the Society, 330 
Newfoundland fishery, the means of living In Nan- 
tucket, 274 
New-Hampshire, Fitch's MS history of referred to, 
81 ; Southern line established, 54 ; Portraits of its 
governors since 1785, 443 
New-IIaven and Swedish colonies, 42-60 
Newton, its early bell, 282 
Nolin, John, a note concerning, 119 
Norman rule in distributing estates of deceased 

persons, 110 
Notes and Queries, 41, 50, 00, 62, 83, 119, 139, 152, 
166,199,241,244,325,467 

Obituary Notices of members of New-England His- 
toric, Genealogical Society — 
Abbott, Rev. Ephraim, xxvil. 88 ; Bacon, Hon. 
Ezekiei, xxvi. 204; Bourne, Hon, Edward Emer- 
son, xxviii. 1 ; Buckmau, Hon. Bowen, xxviii. 
333; Burges , Rev. Ebenezer, xxvi. 206; Clark, 
John, xxv. 392; Clark, Hon. Joshua Victor Hop- 
kins, xxvi. 86; Cleveland, Charles Dexter, xxv. 
389 ; Congar, Samuel Hayes, xxviii. 207 ; Copp, 
Rev. Joseph Addison, xxvi. 84; Dale, Ebenezer, 
xxvii 427; Kilt m, Lilly, xxvii. 195; Elton, R< v. 
Romeo, xxviii. 474; Emerson, And, xxvi. 443; 
Farwell, lion. Stephen Thurston, xxvii. 196 ; 
Fessenden, Gen. Guy Manner ing, xxvi. 442 ; 
French, Eli, xxvi. 441; G udner, Hon. Johnson, 
xxv. 390; Gibbs, George, xxviii. 208; Green- 
leaf, Alfred, xxviii 473; Hall, Samuel, xxvii. 
88; Ilarbaugh, Rev. Henry, xxviii. 334; Harrod, 
Henry, xxvii 196; Hazard, Samuel, xxviii. 338; 
llenshaw, Joseph Lyman, xxviii. 213; Hobart, 
Henry Linsley, xxviii. 209; Howe, Gen. Ap- 
p'leton, xxvi. 87; Howe, IE a. Joseph, xxviii. 
209; Howland, Gen. Asa, xxvi 203; Humphrey, 
Henry Benjamin, xxvii. 197; Jenks, Rev. Wil- 
liam, xxviii. 335 ; Jewett, Jeremiah Peabody, 
M.D., xxvii. 87; Johnson, William Otis, M.D., 
xxviii. 472 ; Jones, Eliphalet, xxviii. 337 ; 
Larned, Joseph Gay Eaton, xxviii. 472; Lelaud, 
Hon. Phineas Washington, xxv. 393; Leland, 
Hon. William Sherman, xxv. 194; Locke, John 
Goodwin, xxv. 91; Loring, Hon. Charles Greely, 
xxviii. 336 ; Lynch, Charles Stephens, xxviii. 
212; Madden, Sir Frederick, xxvii. 428; McKee, 
Grithn Join, xxviii. 338; Messinger, Hon. 
George Washington, xxv. 392; Morris, Hon. 
Oliver Bliss, xxvi. 337; Morton, William Sax- 
ton, xxvi. 444; Moulton, Joseph, xxviii. 
838; Page, David Peikius, xxviii. 340; Palmer, 
Joseph, M.D., xxvii. 90; Parker, James, 
xxviii. 475; Parsons, Samuel Holden, xxvi. 
442 ; Peirce, Joshua Winslow, xxviii. 367 ; 
Phelps, H.n. Noah Amherst, xxviii. 210 ; 



Philllpps, Sir Thomas, xxvii. 429 ; Poor, 
Hon. John Alfred, xxvi. 357; Preble, Henry, 
Oxnard, xxvi. 339; Read, James, xxvii. 198; 
Reed, Hon. Levi, xxv. 389 ; Hichardson, Benja- 
min Parker, xxvi. 1 ; Richardson, Rev. Joseph, 
xxvi. 340 ; Richardson, Thomas, xxviii. 212 ; 
Rcckwood, Thomas Temple, xxviii. 211; Sar- 
gent, Lucius Manlius, xxv. 209; Sargent, Win- 
throp, xxvi. 88; Scott, Martin B.wen, xxvil. 
428; Swtrs, Hon. David, xxvi. 207; Sheppard, 
John Hannibal, xxvii. 336; c'mith, Hon. Buck- 
ingham, xxvii. 89; Somerby, Horatio Gate*, 
xxviii. 340; Stetson, Joshua, xxv 190; Sweet, 
Rev. John Davis, xxv. 390 ; Thomas, William, 
xxvi 445 ; Thurston, Rev. James, xxvi. 445 ; 
Tileston, Hon. Edmund Pitt, xxviii. 113 ; 
Townsend, Elmer, xxvi. 338; Tuckerman, Henry 
Theodore, xxvi. 443 ; Uphm, Hon. Nathaniel 
Gookin, xxvi. 340 ; Washburn, Hon. Peter 
Thacher, xxv. 392 ; Whipple, Oliver Mayhew, 
xxviii. 211; Whiting, Nathaniel, xxviii. 211; 
Whiting, Hon. William, xxviii. 233 ; Willis, 
Hon. William, xxvii. 2 ; Wiuihrop William, 
xxv. 92 ; Woodwell, Charles Henry, xxvii. 92 
Old prices current, 289 

Paokard, Joseph, note on, 471 

Paddock elms, notes relating to them, 206, 320 

Page, David P., necrology of, 340 

Paine, query in regard the parentage of William 

who m. Mary RugKles, 330 
Palmes, note on the Yorkshire family, 90 
Parmerlee family in Lyme, Conn., information of 

wanted, 207 
Parsons, Elijah, query In regard to bis ancestors, 90 
Passengers to New-England in 1670, 1079 ana 1700, 

376-8, 447 
Peirce, Joshua W., memoir of, 307 
Pepperrell Papers, with notes by A. H. Hoyt, 451-06 
Petitions of — 

Samuel Gelston,437; Edward Gray, 439; Chris- 
topher Kilby, 451; Nantucket, 274; Sherburu 
H74 ; Miss Stafford. 25 ; Wiscas^et, 411 
Phelps, Noah A., necrology of, 210 
Phillips, who were the parents of Nicholas and wife 

Hannah Salter? 331 
Pike, birth-place of James wanted, 470 
Pilgrim Fathers of Nazing, 140 
Plymouth. N. IE. n< te on the church of, 88 
Poetical lines, 8, 12, 23, 29-30, 35,40-1,109,180, 

182, 272, 332 
Popham settlement referred to, 9 
Porter, II m Joseph W., preparing a genealogy of 

the family, 333 
Portraits of New-Hampshire governors, judges, kc, 

442-7 
Pratt, John, note in regard to, 329 
Prentiss Genealogy to be reprinted, 207 
Prices of staple commodities in 1745, 289 
Proceedings. See Historical Societies 
Profanity not popular in 1747, 404 

Quakers referred to, 70, 72, 227, 273-4 

Rattlesnakes. Ilollis, N. II., in 1740, paid a bounty 

for killing them, 57 
Recipe for curing beef and pork, 462 
Records of— 

Boston, England, 13 ; Charlestown, Mass., early 
church, 120, 443 ; Dover, N. IE, Marriages, 
155 ; Eliot Family in England, 143 ; Greenland, 
N. IE, Church, 251, 415; Hull, Mass.. Town, 
67 ; Hutchinson Family, 83; Nantucket Town all 
destroyed by lire in 1846, 275; Nazing, Eng., 
141; Stamfoid, Conn., Town, <Vc , to be printed, 
206; York, Me., Marriages, 117 
Relationship in families, a new system of denoting 

submitted to ihe society, by Whitumre, 343, 402 
Restraining Bill, The Massachusetts Bay, 273 
Revolution, American, officers of the troops stationed 
near Boston in 1775,259; Nantucket during the 
period, 273, 436; Museum of its relics In Mrs. 
Stalford's house in Trenton— Reference to it, 61 
Richardson, Thomas, necrology of, 212 



Yin 



Genera\ Index. 



Richardson, Waters's notes of the family, 327 
Robinson, information wauted in regard to the 

Stratham, N. II., family, 329 
Rockwood, Thomas T., necrology of, 210 
Rogers, query in regard to William of Long Island, 

203 
Rolls of the Army, Navy, &c, of Massachusetts 
soldiers in Halifax, 1759,413 
American troops, officers of, near Boston, June. 

1775, 2C0 
Boston Light Infantry in the war of 1812, 202 
Col. Mansfield's Regiment at Winter Hill, Aug., 

1775, 201 
Filibusters in Cuba, 1850, 87 
Officers of the Enterprise in the action with the 

Boxer, in September, 1813, 28 
Officers of the Massachusetts line of the army in 

1783, 16 
Pay-roll of Capt. Iliggins, of Connecticut, 1776, 

243 
The Hornet's shipping list, May, 1813,392 

Salary of a pastor in 1742, 147 

Salem, the history of St. Peter's bell, 467 

Sanford, Elihu, query in regard to, 204 

Sargent, Peter, note in regard to his wives, 200 

Sawyer, genealogy of the descendants of William, of 

Newbury, 194 
Scarborough, information wanted in regard to the 

family, 330 
Seymour, Gov. John, error on page 161 corrected, 

333 
Sinclair. See St. Clair 
Singing in church service, 267 
Smith, John, information of wanted, 89 
8 nith, Ralph, note in regard to him, 471 
Soldiers of Massachusetts at Halifax, 1759, 413 
Somerby, Horatio G., necrology of, 340 
Speed, Mary, her parentage wanted, 331 
Spooner, Paul, note concerning his family, 201 
Stamford, Conn., the records of, &c, in preparation 

to be published, 200 
Standish, Ebenezer, of Plympton, query in regard 

to him, 205 
Star-Spangled Banner, the poem and its author, 36, 

409 
St Clair, sketch of, by A. H, Hoyt, 454-6 
Stin«>on, note on the various spellings of the name, 

339 
St ik. 'S, information wanted of several of the name, 

331 
Stone, Elias, answer to query 90-1, 203 
Stuart, note on origin of the name, 470 
Sunderland, its early bell, 287 
Surnames introduced in Ireland, 167 
Swedes on the Delaware River, and their intercourse 

with New England, &c, by Kidder, 42 

Tarring and feathering, did it originate in Boston ? 

207 
Tax lists of Hampton Falls, 1709, 373. Hollis in 

1740, 56 
Tea, destruction of in Boston harbor, 90 
Tileston, Edmund P., memoir of, 118 
Tokens issued in the 17th century, by corporations, 

merchants, &c, 326 
Towns, names changed, from Agamenticua to Gorgi- 
anna, and now to York, 4 
Agawam to Ipswich, 280 
Cambridge (part of) to Newton, 282 
Charlestown Village to Woburn, 283 
Deerfield Pasture to Shelburn, 286 
Dunstable, Mass., to many towns in Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire, Nashua, &c., 52 



Green River to Greenfield, 285 

Hunting Hill to Montague, 286 

Ipswich (west part) to Hamilton, 280 

Mattapan to Dorchester, 179 

Mishawum to Charlestown, 177 

Mystic Side to Maiden, 281 

Naumkeag or Naumkeake to Salem, 177 

Newtown to Cambridge. 279 

Norwottuck to Hadley,2S8 

North Yarmouth, Me. (a part of), to Harpi- 
well, 70 

Pearsonstown to Standish, 64 

Pemaquid to Bristol, 110 

Pentucket to Haverhill, 283 

Pickwaukett to Fryeburg, 64 

Pigsgusset to Watertown, 180 

Pondicherry to Bridgeton, 64 

Pocumtuck to Deerfield, 2S6 

Quascucunquen or Wessacucous to Newbury, 
282 

Royallaborough to Durham, 70 

Squakeag to Northfield, 285 

Squamscott Patent, now Greenland, N.H., 251 

The Straits to Whateley, 286 

Swampfield to Sunderland, 287 

Shawmut to Trimountain, and now Boston, 180 

Wells (part of), to Kenuebuuk, 1 
Townsend. query in regard to Penn, who resided in 

Salem, 88, 207 
Transfer of Erin, by Amory, 163, 291, 423 
Treasure on board the Huzzar Frigate, 84 

Virginia. Spotswood's letter relating to, 257 

Vital statistics obtained by studying family genealo- 
gies, 479 

Voting illegally in Cambridge Village, 60 

Vouden, Moses, of Salem, note on, 470 

Voyage of Edward Brawnde in 1616, to Kennebec 
and Cape Cod, 248 

Waite. Are the Maiden and Ipswich families akin to 

each other ? 89 
War vessels, 78,88, 248 
Washburn, Josiah's wile's maiden name, 331 
Wells, Me., manuscript history of, by Judge Bourne, 

referred to, 9 
Westminster Abbey, announcement of Col. Chester's 

annotated register of, 325 
Wheaton, information in regard to this family wanted, 

91 
Whipple, Oliver M., necrology of, 211 
Whiting, Nathaniel, necrology of, 211 
Whiting, William, memoir of, 233 
Whitney genealogy in preparation, 470 
Whitmore's 6ystem of denoting relationship, 402 
Whitmore, James, note concerning, 241 
Wi liams, Roger, one of his works newly discovered, 

331 
Willoughby, information wanted in regard to the 

Portsmouth family, 205 
Wills of— 

Belcher, 204 ; Cutt, 154 ; Grant, 153 ; Sergeant, 
200 
Wiscasset, Me., materials for a history of, 410 
Witchcraft discussion continued, 482 
Woburn, its early bell, 283 
Woolen, John, note relating to, 119 
Worumbo deed, the Pejepscot purchase, 71 

York, Me., destroyed by the Indians, 270 
York County early marriages, 117 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1874 



MEMOIR OF EDWARD EMERSON BOURNE, LL.D. 

By Edwin B. Smith, Esq., of Saco, Me. 

THE life of a lawyer in active practice is an anxious as well as 
an exceedingly busy one. His engagements bring him in con- 
tact with all classes, and with a large proportion of the individual 
members, of the community in which lie lives. Identified in his 
own pursuits, either as adviser or as adversary, with those of his 
neighbors and fellow-citizens, by his conduct of their affairs he may 
acquire no inconsiderable professional repute among them; but, as 
the interests upon which this rests are local and transitory, his repu- 
tation will be so too, unless it be based upon something of wider 
scope, of more general, public and permanent concern, than the 
ordinary contests of the legal forum. 

He who, in the full possession and exercise of his powers, has 
turned aside from occupations so personal in their character as those 
of the advocate, to seek a more extended field, and to explore sub- 
jects connected witli the early history of the state, and the lineage of 
its founders, will obtain a wider and more enduring recognition of 
his services, and especially deserves to have some memorial of his 
life and labors preserved in the archives of a society established for 
the promotion of such studies. Such recognition the subject of this 
sketch requires at our hands. 

Edward Emerson Bourne was born March 19, 1797, in that 
part of the (then) town of Wells which was afterward incorporated 
by the name of Kennebunk. Here, with inconsiderable exceptions, 
his life was passed, and here lie died, full of years and of honors, 
on Tuesday, the 23d day of September, 1873. 

He was the second son of John and Elizabeth Bourne. His 
mother's maiden name was Elizabeth Perkins, and, at the time she 
became the third wile of John Bourne, she was the widow of Israel 

VOL. xxviii. 1 



2 Edward Emerson Bourne. LL.D. fJ;in. 

Wildcs. There had been issue of each of these former alliances, 
so that nine children were brought together by the union of this 
couple, and six more were the result of their intermarriage. John 
Bourne certainly enjoyed the happiness of him who hath his quiver 
full of them. His first child, by his wife Elizabeth, was [sra< 1 
Wildes Bourne, born Dec. 25, 17 ( J5. M In the days of his ( Israel's) 
infancy," writes Judge Bourne, "my father had 'nine small childn n 
and one at the breast;' those of husband and wife, under previous 
dispensations, having been adopted and identified as one family." 
lie adds, "We have no specific account of the ages of the several 
children of John Bogers. Yet it is not at all probable he could 
exhibit such a rank growth of humanity as was developed under this 
roof. Here were ten children, the eldest but nine years of age : 
olive plants enough, one would imagine, to give life and cheerfulness 
to any fireside. I cannot imagine any other method of taking care 
of and feeding them than that of calling them together ami throw- 
ing food into their midst, as we do to a flock of chickens, or as the 
Patagonians do to all the members of the household ; counting them 
while in the operation, to see that all are safe, and then, without 
further trouble, leaving them to take care of themselves." 

Beside the two already named (Israel and Edward) there were 
born to John and Elizabeth Bourne two other sons, Thomas and 
George W., and two girls, Julia and Olive. All the sons are now- 
dead, but the daughters survive : Julia, as the wife of Henry Kings- 
bury, Esq., of Kenncbunk ; and Olive, as the widow 7 of the late Capt. 
Ivory Lord, of the same town ; both well-known and highly-esteem- 
ed citizens. 

These successive marriages of his parents connected Judge 
Bourne, more or less remotely, with many of the families of his 
native town, and added to his desire and facilities for obtaining in- 
formation of its early history. As Judge Bourne remarks, the 
size of the family made it impracticable for any one child to claim 
any very large portion of parental attention exclusively to himself 
while nothing peculiar in the circumstances demanded it; so, those 
boys grew up in the open air, with love of field sports, and with 
rugged constitutions which such a life in childhood would naturally 
superinduce. The rod and gun were familiar to his hands in Judge 
Bourne's boyhood, and, when he no longer cared to take the long- 
tramps which indulgence in these amusements necessitated, even to I lie 
last years of his life, he delighted in sailing and deep-sea fishing, 
as well as fishing from the rocks upon the coast, and used to go to a 
house near the beach for several weeks of every summer in order to 
gratify this taste. His baptismal names were derived from the mar- 
riage of his maternal grandmother, Susanna Perkins, with Edward 
Emerson, of York, in 171)4, three years before Edward's birth. In 
his childhood he encountered and safely passed the dangers which 
threaten every active boy, from accident and disease, having his hair- 



1874.] Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. 3 

breadth 'scapes from the perils of flood and field ; especially those 
which were naturally incident to his fondness for gunpowder. After 
exhausting the advantages of the local schools he was sent, in 1811, 
to the academy in South Berwick, where he pursued his preparatory 
studies. lie was admitted to the freshman class of Bowdoin College 
at the September commencement of the succeeding year, and was gra- 
duated from that institution in due course in 1816, in the class with 
the late Randolph A. L. Codman, a lawyer of Portland, of brilliant 
but erratic genius, whom he called "the most eloquent member of the 
bar in this State " ; the late John S. Tcnny, chief-justice of the supreme 
court of Maine ; Ebcnczer Shillabcr, of Danvers, Mass., and Prof. 
Alphcus S. Packard, of Bowdoin College, now the sole survivor of 
this class. Kindred tastes, and associations connecting them both 
with their alma mater, have continued and strengthened during 
their long lives the friendship between him and Prof. Packard. 
Immediately after graduation Mr. Bourne commenced to study 
law in the office of George W. Wallingford, in Kennebunk. 
lie prosecuted his studies there and in the office of Thomas Bigelow, 
of Philadelphia,, till the October term, 1819, of the court of 
common picas for the county of York, when he was admitted to the 
bar. Acting, doubtless, under the same motives which James Sulli- 
van says actuated him in the choice of locality, to wit, that as he had 
to break into the world he could most easily do so in the weakest 
place, tlie incipient attorney directed his steps to the little town in 
the county of Kennebec, which, since its first organization, has been 
successively known as Freetown, Fairfax, Lygonia and Albion. It 
was then called Fairfax, but, for the time being, is called Albion, 
unless its fastidious citizens have lately bestowed upon it some new 
appellation, not known to the memorialist. Mr. Bourne, after a very 
short trial, — constrained to decide quickly by the unexpected removal 
of an old lawyer from the adjoining town of China to Fairfax between 
the times of Mr. B.'s first fixing upon that as his future home and his 
actually going there to reside, — determined to return home, and did 
so, on fout. lie proposed to open an office in his native town, 
although there were already three lawyers there, two of whom, — 
Mr. Wallingford, and the Hon. Joseph Dane, nephew of the 
Hon. Nathan Dane, whose name and fame arc associated with 
the "ordinance of 1787," — were prominent members of the bar; 
but in March, 1820, Maine became an independent state, and 
in the organization of its tribunals Jeremiah Bradbury, of 
York, was appointed clerk of courts for the county of York. Mr. 
Bradbury accepted the position, and, to discharge its duties, was com- 
pelled to remove to Alfred where the courts had been held since the 
early part of the present century, and which continues to be the shire- 
town. About this same time another of the York lawyers, Asa 
Freeman, moved to Dover, K. II., and the third, Isaac Lyman, 
died. These occurrences offered to the youthful aspirant for forensic 



4 Edward Emerson JBpurne, LL.D* [Jean. 

honors and emoluments, an advantageous opportunity, of which 
he did not hesitate to avail himself. In October, 1820, he went to 
York, occupying the office vacated by Mr. Bradbury. The situa- 
tion here was agreeable to him, the town having considerable com- 
mercial importance, which the railroads had not then destroyed, and 
great social advantages. York was then an old town (for this new 
country), having been settled in 1624, and called Agamenticus, a 
name still borne by a mountain in its limits, well-known as a land- 
mark to coasting vessels. In 1641, Sir Ferdinando Gorges endowed 
it with a city-charter, by the name of Gorgianna, and designated 
Thomas Gorges as its first mayor. It was laid out regularly, with 
provision for the anticipated rapid increase of population and busi- 
ness ; for which it possessed the advantages of a commodious harbor 
for vessels of the size then built, a river navigable to the village for 
craft of 250 tons, and several miles further for those of lesser draught. 
It retained the name and organization given it by Gorges for more 
than ten years ; but in 1653 it was organized into a town under its 
present name by the commissioners appointed by Massachusetts. 
Though never attaining the • degree of prosperity and power which 
Gorges contemplated it would possess, the town is still attractive 
for its scenery and situation, and for the cultivation of its society. 

Mr. Bourne was a citizen of this ancient borough only for a short 
time. At the first election of representatives of the new state in 
the 17th congress of the United States, Mr. Joseph Dane of Kennc- 
bunk was chosen from his district, and, by his advice, Mr. Bourne 
returned once more toward the close of that year (1820) to his 
native village, then no longer a part of Wells, having been the first 
town incorporated by the legislature of Maine and given the name of 
Kennebunk. Here Judge Bourne remained till the day of his death, 
lie succeeded to the office and business of Mr. Dane, under an ar- 
rangement between them, and had the use of his large library. 
Under his auspices a "Literary and Moral Club," or debating society, 
had been formed ; so that, by the office business and these public dis- 
putations, Mr. Bourne improved his capacity to discharge all the 
duties of his profession. Mr. Bourne was married October 31, 1822, 
by the Rev. N. II. Fletcher, to Miss Mary II. Gilpatrick, born Nov. 1, 
1709, daughter of Mr. Richard Gilpatrick, of Kennebunk, who was 
born Nov. 7, 1753, and died Sept. 15, 1828. This lady was, like her 
husband, of a very social, lively, hospitable disposition, though both 
possessed profound religious convictions and feelings : faithful to 
these, and to every call of duty, Mrs. Bourne was highly esteemed 
as well as beloved, by her husband and by the community in which 
they occupied a conspicuous position. Never possessing great physi- 
cal strength, it continually decreased until she died at her home, 
March 23; 1852. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Bourne: Julia Maria, born June 15, 1825, died Nov. 18, 1851; 
Edward Emerson, born July 12, 1831, and now living in Kennebunk, 



1874.] Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. 



i 



engaged in the practice of law there, in partnership with Joseph 
Dane, Esq. ; Lizzie Green, born June 20, 1883, died upon Mt. 
Washington, Sept. 14, 1855 ; and Mary Olivia, born July 6, 1842, 
died in September, 1843. 

As is expected of every young lawyer in a small town, Mr. 
Bourne took an active part in the municipal affairs of Kennebunk 
from the time of his entering upon business there, though frequently 
the predominance of adverse opinions excluded him from official po- 
sitions. From 1828 to 1833 he was one of the selectmen ; and from 
182G to 1831 inclusive, he represented his town in the state legisla- 
ture. The sessions of 1830 and 1831 were stormy and prolific of 
debate. In the former Mr. Bourne was the sole dissentient from 
the course advised and pursued by his political associates, and which 
proved fatal to the party in this state. He was elected in the fall 
of 1830, for the last time, to the legislature. As the election of 
1831 approached, he had become doubtful if his daring to be in the 
right alone was quite acceptable to his party, and declined to accept 
a rcnomination. He devoted himself to his business, only varying 
it by lectures, addresses and exertions in behalf of the temperance 
reform which had just sprung into notice. Having acquired reputa- 
tion and confidence, he began to argue his own causes in court, and 
soon had more litigated cases than any member of the bar in York 
county, though others may have done more in other branches of the 
law. His mime first appears, so far as we have seen, in the reports 
in the suit of Wells vs. Kennebunk, 8 Greenl., 200, in which he 
successfully defended the latter from the action of the mother town. 

At that time the Hon. Prentiss Mellen presided over the court, 
Simon Greenlcaf, afterward professor in Harvard Law-school, was its 
reporter, while Ether Shcpley, then U. S. senator and afterward 
chief-justice, now living in Portland, but then of Saco, his brother, 
John Sheplcy, John Holmes, Daniel Goodenow, Nathan D. Apple- 
ton, Joseph Dane, sen., John Fairfield, Amos G. Goodwin, 
Nicholas Emery, and Moses Emery, — who alone, of all this illustri- 
ous company, still clings to the pursuit of his chosen profession, — 
were conspicuous members of the York bar ; and no other county of 
this, or any, state could show a more brilliant array. No telegraph 
wires then served to summon parties and attorneys to the county-seat, 
and no cars ran to carry them thither; so, especially at the winter 



am 



terms, all the lawyers were accustomed to go to Alfred and rem 
a jolly company, during the entire session of the court. This inter- 
course strengthened the feeling of good will and the esprit de corps 
which has usually characterized the relations of the members of the 
legal profession in this county ; and its influence, spread by the exam- 
ple of the elders, has favorably affected, we hope, the present prac- 
titioners. The case upon which Mr. Bourne particularly prided 
himself was one, — reported in 23 Maine Reports, 527, — in which he 
vol. xxviii. 1* 



6 Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. [Jan. 

successfully defended a local magistrate, sued for acts done in dis- 
charge of official duty, in enforcing the liquor law of that day ; 
though to prevail, Mr. Bourne had to argue that an opinion of that 
"giant of the law," Chief- Justice Parsons, rendered in Com. vs. 
Cheney, 6 Mass., 347, was erroneous; and that it was so, lie fully 
convinced our court, the opinion to that effect being drawn by Mr. 
Bourne's old classmate, Tenney, who had become a justice of the 
supreme court. As a lawyer, Mr. Bourne was faithful to his 
clients in every sense of the word ; not merely that he would not 
be corrupted by his adversary, — for such instances must be extremely 
rare in the profession, — but in that he spared no proper effort for 
success. If he would not betray his cause to the enemy, neither 
would he sacrifice it to ease, or indulgence, or by allowing his atten- 
tion to be diverted from it. Nor would he permit one to prosecute, 
by his agency, a claim not well-founded in law or fact, as he viewed 
them ; if he prosecuted any such it was because, in that instance, his 
judgment, and not his purpose, was wrong. 

In 1838, when the whigs elected Edward Kent governor, Mr. 
Bourne was appointed state's attorney for the county of York, being 
superseded by a democrat in 1830, but re-appointed when Gov. Kent 
was again chosen, in 1841, and again yielding the place to one with 
more popular political opinions the succeeding year. His discharge of 
the unpleasant duties of this station was creditable to him, his indict- 
ments being carefully and skilfully drawn, so as to leave no loop- 
holes for the escape of rogues on mere technical objections ; and his 
prosecution of offenders showed the proper tempering of justice with 
mercy. When this office was first made elective, a year or two after 
he had vacated it, he was the whig candidate for the place ; but the as- 
cendancy of the democracy in this county was then so decided that its 
nominee, the Hon. John T. Paine, who afterward removed to Boston 
and died there, was easily elected. The whig nomination was merely 
complimentary, and valuable only as showing that those tendering it 
were satisfied with his conduct while he held the position and believed 
that it commended itself to the popular judgment. Very naturally, 
while in full practice, his office was sought by students ; and his 
cheerful, friendly disposition, willingness to impart information, and 
the facility with which he did so, as well as his interest in those about 
him, and the opportunity for observing the details of legal business, 
rendered it a desirable school for the learner. 

Among those who availed themselves of these advantages in the 
outset of their professional studies were Mr. Bourne's cousin, the lion. 
Hugh McCulloch, late secretary of the U. 8. treasury, a native of 
Kennebunk ; the Hon. Increase S. Kimball ; M. M. Butler, late law- 
partner of Senator Fessenden and now associated with his sons ; 
Joseph Dane, James M. Stone, Edward P. Burnham, gentlemen 
well-known to the people of this state and county. 

In 185G, when the office of judge of probate first became elective, 



1874.] Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. 



Mr. Bourne received the nomination for the place and was chosen by a 
large majority, The term of that office is four years. lie was four 
times elected, so he held the position from the first day of 1857 to the 
last day of 1872, inclusive. In Maine, rotation has generally been 
treated as the cardinal doctrine of political faith, and has been rigidly 
observed in practice ; but Judirc Bourne's fitness for the place was so 
obvious, and his discharge of its responsible duties so preeminently 
satisfactory, that no attempt was made to dislodge him, but he re- 
tained his office till failing health and strength warned him to retire. 
Those of the York bar who were brought most before the probate 
court, and who had best known Judge Bourne, gave a valuable gold 
watch to him, after his retirement, not merely as a recognition of his 
judicial capacity, but as a tribute of respect, and, especially, a token 
of the friendly relations which had always existed. The position he 
occupied was rather important than conspicuous. It did not offer the 
opportunities which the supreme bench does for establishing reputa- 
tion, as Judge Davis has done in New- York by the famous trials 
there last November ; but the daily routine of probate business is of 
vast consequence to the community, and faithful labors to so dis- 
charge them as shall best advance the public interest, arc of incal- 
culable value, though they may not challenge popular applause. In 
the course of a single generation almost all, — certainly, more than 
two-thirds, — of the property of the county requires the action of this 
court ; and during more than half this period Judge Bourne deter- 
mined this action. The same funds frequently present themselves to 
the court several times ; while in the hands of an executor, of a 
trustee, and of a guardian, involving nice questions relating to the 
discharge of trust duties and the property of beneficiaries whose de- 
pendent situation commends their interests to the watchful care and 
consideration of the court. 

A great deal more than mere accurate knowledge of the law is re- 
quisite ; so much depends upon the peculiar circumstances of each 
particular case, and of the parties thereto, that a correct appreciation 
of the relations of life, of the requirements of social position, of what 
is to be conceded to the conflicting claims of those connected with 
the decedent by blood or marriage, and of creditors of his estate, is 
demanded. In this tribunal, more than any other, much has to be 
left, necessarily, to judicial discretion, which Lord Camden called 
"the law of tyrants ;" saying, "it is always unknown ; it is different 
in different men ; it is casual, and depends upon constitution, temper 
and passion : in the best, it is oftentimes caprice ; in the worst, it is 
every vice, folly and passion to which human nature is liable." 

So to have exercised such power over the estates of his fellow- 
citizens for sixteen years as to meet with universal approbation, 
proves that caprice, temper and passion have not been allowed to 
affect the decisions of the court, but that reason has sat at the helm 
and a calm and deliberate judgment, taking counsel of experience 



8 Edward Emerson Boiipne, LL.D. [J 



an, 



and common sense, lias directed the course pursued. Not only the 
substance of his official decrees, but his manner of presiding, inspired 
confidence in Judge Bourne. Always courteous, ready to hear, 
never (so far as the writer has ever learned) in any single instance 
showing any sign of impatience, temper or dislike toward any prac- 
titioner, he did not hesitate to decide any case as he thought right, 
without regard to the relations which, out of court, existed between 
himself and any party or counsel. Few men, indeed, have ever 
passed through so long a life with so little hostile criticism bestowed 
upon his conduct, and with scarcely the slightest imputation upon the 
motives for any official act, or even for the expression of personal 
opinions. In Contested cases he must frequently have disappointed 
one or the other, if not both, of the litigating parties ; but no suitor 
ever appeared to suspect any more than that his cause did not present 
itself to the judge in the same light that it did to the party. Not 
more than one or two of the cases appealed to the supreme court of 
probate were decided in that tribunal adversely to Judge Bourne's 
decision. The only objection we ever heard advanced against Judge 
Bourne's administration of justice was that he was usually too liberal 
in his allowances to the widows of those whose estates were settled 
in his court. This accusation, made by an heir or creditor, was one 
Judge Bourne would hardly have cared to repel. Doubtless he was 
especially careful to protect the rights and interests of those whose 
tender years, or inexperience in business, or unhappy condition, 
seemed especially to need protection. The aged widow he thought 
more to be considered in the distribution of her husband's property 
than the athletic heir who looks upon her continued existence as a 
wrong done to him in "withering out a young man's revenue;" and 
he would allow the mother and little children something for their 
temporary support, even if he thereby reduced the creditors' dividend 
from seventy-five per cent, down to seventy per cent. Though his 
own modesty would have shrunk from such a use of Scripture, Ave 
think the language of Job applicable to him : 

" The young men saw me and hid themselves : and the aged arose and 
stood up. 

TV 7V 4r TV T? TV TV TV TV TV TV TV 

" When the ear heard me, then it blessed me ; and when the eye saw me, 
it gave witness to me : 

u Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that 
had none to help him. 

" The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me : and I 
caused the widow's heart to sing for joy. 

"I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe 
and a diadem. 

" I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame. 

" I was a father to tlie poor : and the cause which I knew not I searched 
out, and I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his 
teeth." 



1874.] Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. 9 

I 

The true foundation of Judge Bourne's successful administration is 
found in the general conviction that in his decisions lie was guided 
solely by a sincere desire to do right, regardless of all other con- 
siderations, and that he acted in the fear of God, and under a con- 
stant, ever-felt sense of his responsibility to Him. In early manhood, 
April 5, 1829, he became a communicant of the first parish (Uni- 
tarian) society in Kenncbunk, of which he was an active and zealous 
member ever after. In 1819 he became a teacher in its Sunday- 
school, and was connected with it for fifty years, nearly all of that 
time as its superintendent; having iirst taken charge of it in 182(), 
and held it till his death, except a single year that he surrendered it 
to his brother, George W. Bourne. His life was an example to the 
successive generations of his scholars of christian faith and fidelity. 

It is not merely in the legal, municipal or civic record of our county 
that the name of Edward E. Bourne appears. Before the military 
spirit, aroused by the last war with England, had subsided, an artil- 
lery company was formed, of which Mr. Bourne was lieutenant, and 
the late Barnabas Palmer, captain ; and when a sufficient number of 
companies was formed to constitute a batallion, of which Mr. Palmer 
was chosen commander, Mr. Bourne was appointed adjutant. Thus 
it is seen that there was nothing that concerned his fellow-citizens, in 
any department, in which he did not take an interest. ^Tiliil humani, 
a me alicnum puto. By all this experience, as well as by taste for 
the work, he was better fitted than any other person to write the 
history of the town. Such a book was first prepared by him in 
1831, and read to his Sunday-school children, lie has since written, 
at the request of the Maine Historical Society, a full history of the 
old town of Wells down to 1820, when Kenncbunk was taken from 
it. This is an elaborate and ably, as well as faithfully, written work, 
in two large volumes, now ready for publication. Judge Bourne 
was greatly encouraged in these labors by the interest manifested in 
them by others in various parts of the country ; but he attributed the 
disease which ended his life to his close application to the investiga- 
tions which the preparation of the earlier portion of this book neces- 
sitated. The natural result of entering so long ago upon this field 
of labor was to extend the area of research beyond the limits origi- 
nally contemplated. Mr. Bourne thus became interested in the 
history of the earliest settlements of the state. 

In his remarks before the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, relative to the death of Judge Bourne, C. W. Tuttle, Esq. 
thus refers to his interest in these themes. 

" His knowledge on this subject was extensive and accurate. Con- 
cerning the Popham settlement, so-called, and its political and his- 
torical significance, he had very decided opinions. He contended 
that it gave to Maine a precedence in the history of the events of 
English colonization in America ; that it secured this territory to King 
James, and began the settlement of New-England. Nine years ago 



10 Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. [Jan. 

lie delivered in Bath, on the occasion of the two hundred and fifty- 
seventh anniversary of this settlement, an historical discourse, mainly 
devoted to the defence of the moral character of the colonists which 
had been assailed, and to the support of the position which had been 
taken in Maine in regard to the historical and political significance of 
this event. This discourse is marked throughout with candid reason- 
ing, and is distinguished for the thoroughness with which he examined 
facts bearing on the issue Avhich had been raised. Many tilings have 
come to light since, strengthening and illustrating his arguments ; but 
he exhausted the subject at that time. Of the address above referred 
to, Prof. Packard writes me that it was learned and able, was re- 
ceived with much favor, and was published by the committee of the 
celebration. 

"Judge Bourne was an occasional contributor to the New-England 
Historical and Genealogical Register, and to the Historical Magazine, 
lie kept pace with the progress of historical investigation and dis- 
covery in all directions." 

In 1834 he joined the Maine Historical Society, to which he con- 
tributed valuable papers, many of which are preserved in the archives 
of the society. Upon the retirement of his old friend and co-laborer, 
the Hon. William Willis, from the presidency of the society, Judge 
Bourne was elected his successor. Prof. Packard, speaking of his 
election to this position, writes : " lie entered upon the duties of the 
position with his accustomed energy and zeal ; was uniformly present 
though living at a distance from the place of meeting, and his open- 
ing addresses contributed essentially to the interest and success of the 
occasion. By personal effort in securing co-operation of others he 
did much to secure material for these meetings. If others failed, he 
was found ready for any emergency, giving proof of the diligence 
and scope of his studies in the history of his own state as well as of 
New-England." 

He always prepared two or three addresses in case others to whom 
the duty was assigned were unable or omitted to perforin it, and 
several such were left unused at his death. The success of the "field 
days" of the society was, Prof. Packard informs me, largely due to 
his agency ; and at the close of one of them it was a common re- 
mark : "We owe our success and enjoyment of the day to Judge 
Bourne." "No man, probably, was more familiar with the history 
of the county of York. He had thoroughly explored its public re- 
cords, as well as private sources of information, to which his profes- 
sional relations and his office, as judge of probate for the county, gave 
him ready access." 

The cheerfulness, and even youthfulness, of spirit which lie 
showed were not peculiar to, nor caused by, such occasions, but were 
an attribute and marked characteristic of his daily life to its close. 
The effect of this was apparent in his countenance and bearing, as is 
shown by the engraving prefixed to this article, copied from a photo- 



1874.] Edward Emerson Bourne, LL.D. 11 

graph taken only two years before his death and representing him 
very accurately as he was at that time. His liveliness of disposition 
was exhibited in his writings ; and a gentleman whom he had never 
seen but with whom he carried on an extended correspondence, 
relative to historical researches of interest to them both, expressed 
great surprise on learning from an obituary notice the advanced age 
of his correspondent. From his letters he had supposed Mr. Bourne 
a young, or middle-aged, man. 

In June, 1866, Judge Bourne was elected a member of the New- 
England Historic, Genealogical Society, and accepted August 1, 
1866. He was also one of the trustees of Bowdoin College, from 
which institution he received the degree of doctor of laws in 1872. 

Judge Bourne was married, Feb. 16, 1853, to Mrs. Susan II. Lord 
(nee Hatch), widow of Capt. Tobias Lord of Kennebunk. This 
lady survives. There has been no issue of this marriage, but it 
proved a peculiarly happy one, as Mrs. Bourne sympathized with all 
the feelings and opinions of her husband, and shared his genial, hos- 
pitable disposition, to such an extent, indeed, that, in transmitting 
the testimonial before spoken of, the committee of the bar felt it 
their duty, and a pleasure, to express their obligation for courtesies 
received at her hands as well as those of Mr. Bourne. It was the 
deep interest that Mr. Bourne felt in every subject to which he thought 
it worth while to give any attention at all, as well as that conscien- 
tious discharge of every official duty, which characterized him from 
early life, that led to his being usually designated to important posi- 
tions in those associations of which he became a member, from the 
time he presided over his literary society (the Athenian) in college 
and after graduation, and over the Sunday-school, till he was chosen 
president of the Maine Historical Society. 

The common expression, " he will be missed," has a peculiar sig- 
nification when applied to Judge Bourne. Not only as the historian, 
the judge, the safe and prudent counsellor, shall we miss him, but as 
the bright, cheerful, christian gentleman. Perhaps it was this qua- 
lity, more than any other, that particularly endeared him to his 
friends. His cheerfulness under all the dispensations of the Heavenly 
Father (and he was called to endure severe afflictions in the removal 
of all, save one, of his immediate family, to whom he was tenderly 
attached) was remarkable. It was a cheerfulness founded on full 
faith in Divine Providence ; a faith which rendered the blessings of 
life more joyous while it sent a bright gleam through the deepest 
affliction. It did not fail him at the last. Contrary to the expec- 
tations of himself and of his friends (who had supposed a sudden 
death probable), he was, for the last three or four weeks, a great 
sufferer. lie was obliged to sit in his chair most of the time, day 
and night, and could get but little sleep. His disease was of such 
a nature that some effort was required for respiration, and, when for 



12 Edward Emerson ijBoume, LL.D. [Jan. 

a moment he was overpowered by sleep, and^ losing consciousness, 
ceased to make the unusual effort requisite, he was immediately 
awakened by the most excruciating pain which he could only describe 
as " running all through him," probably caused by partial strangula- 
tion. Yet, when he was permitted to enjoy temporary relief, he was 
inclined to talk, and conversed with his friends in his old cheery way, 
seldom alluding to himself or his sufferings, but showing the same 
interest as formerly in others, their pursuits and enjoyments. He 
kept up his participation in spirit in whatever interested the commu- 
nity. Only a day or two before liis death he reminded his pastor 
that the one hundredth anniversary of the occupancy of the old 
church, in which he had so long worshipped, would occur on the 
second Sabbath of next January (1874). He thought there should 
be some commemoration of the event, and remarked that he had 
contemplated preparing an appropriate address for the occasion. He 
referred his pastor to some minutes of facts in his possession, corn- 
compiled for that purpose, and requested him to prepare the address. 
Judge Bourne seldom spoke of his religious feelings, even to his 
most intimate friends. It was a sacred subject to him ; too sacred 
to be talked about on ordinary occasions. In his last hours, when 
suffering intensely, and when he knew he could live but a few hours 
at most, he several times expressed the wish that he might soon be 
released, but as to the untried scenes upon which he was conscious 
he was about to enter, he said but little. He felt no apprehension. 
He merely said to a clerical friend, with whom he had lived on terms 
of great intimacy for many years : " I have no anxiety about the 
future." 

<l His was a faith sublime and sure." 

It is very seldom, indeed, that the name of any citizen is so closely 
and thoroughly identified with every interest, — civil and military, re- 
ligious, moral, social, commercial, business and personal, — of the 
community in which he lives, as Judge Bourne's has been for the last 
half-century with those of the town of Kennebunk, where he spent a 
life useful and happy to its close, without reproach, and where his 
death is universally lamented. 

Within the past ten years the shafts of death have fallen fast and 
thick among those who had long been known as conspicuous in the 
business pursuits, and highly esteemed and beloved in the social 
circles of this people. Even while this article is preparing for the 
press, another such gentleman, long associated with Judge Bourne in 
the affairs of the church and in commercial and social interests, 
greatly respected and beloved for his kindly bearing and benevolent 
heart, — Mr. William Lord, — has been removed from any further 
participation in our joys, and sorrows, and cares. 

" Nam nox nulla diem, nequc noctem aurora secuta est, 
Qua3 non audierit mistos vagitibus aegris, 
Ploratus, mortis eowites, et funeris atri." 



1874.] William Coddington and Richctrd Bcllingham. 13 



WILLIAM CODDINGTON AND EICIIAED BELLINGIIAM, 

ONCE CITIZENS OP BOSTON, ENG. BELLINGIIAM A MEMBER OF PARLIA- 
MENT FROM THAT BOROUGH — SUBSCRIBERS TO THE COTTON FUND — ME- 
MORIAL INSCRIPTION BY EDWARD EVERETT. 

By David King, M.D., of Newport, R. I. 

IAVING visited Boston, Eng., for the purpose of making re- 
searches with regard to some of the early settlers of New- 
England, I propose to communicate the result of my examination. 
I was chiefly interested in determining the citizenship of William 
Coddington, first of the colony of Massachusetts, and subsequently 
the founder of the colony of Aquidneck, or of the Island of Rhode 
Island. Hutchinson, I think, states him as coming from Boston, 
Lincolnshire. 1 But this fact has since hecn questioned ; and con- 
siderable doubt has been of late entertained by historians in regard 
to the place of his birth or citizenship. Some years since I wrote to 
Mr. Pishey Thompson, who has written a full and accurate history of 
Boston, Lincolnshire, making inquiries about Coddington, and sug- 
gesting my own views with regard to him. I received his reply, 
expressing a doubt of his ever being a citizen of that place. Mr. 
Thompson corresponded with the family of the Hutchinsons in Eng- 
land in relation to Coddington. The results of these inquiries were 
subsequently published in the London "Notes and Queries," but 
they failed to trace Coddington. Mr. Thompson, himself, in 
his history of Boston, distinctly states that his own native town has 
no claim upon Coddington ; and that he probably came from Alford, 
the place from whence the Hutchinsons came. The matter was thus 
left in doubt, from the want of authentic documents to establish it. 

In the first place, I examined the records of the church or cathedral 
of Boston. The following entries are found on the books of the 
church : 

" Christened March 8 th 162G, Micha the sonnc of William Codding- 
ton. Buried March 22 1G26, Michah, the sonne of W ra Coddington. 
Christened April 17 1628, Samuel the sonne of William Coddington. 
Buried August 21, 1629, Samuel the sonnc of William Coddington." 

Besides, I found the marriage of Katheren Coddington to Isacke 
Foztrce, June 30, 1G29. I did not find the marriage of William 

77 o 

Coddington, 2 but the verger, Mr. Ilackford, promised to examine still 
further the records, with regard to this point. 

I add another extract : "May 3, 1G27. Christened Jonathan, the 
sonne of John llumphraii, Gent." 

1 Hutchinson says, " from Lincolnshire." — [Editor of Register..] 

2 For an account of Coddington and an estimate of liis character, compare Arnold's and 
Palfrey's Histories, and D mice's liis. Discourse. — [Editor.] 

VOL. XXVIII. 2 



14 William Coddington and Richard Bellingham, [Jan. 

It may be also mentioned that Herbert Pelham was likewise a 
worshipper at this church. 

By the gentlemanly permission of the town-clerk, Mr. F. T. 
White, I examined the records of the borough of Boston, aided by 
the assistant clerk, Mr. J. II. Green. After a long examination 
of page after page of obscure writing, without result, I was nearly 
on the point of yielding, when the welcome record came to my notice. 
It is in these words : 

"Borough de Boston 
in Com. Lincoln. 

"An assembly holden at Boston the xxiv Day of September 16*25, 
beingc Ember Day, before the maior, Alde'men andcomon counsailc. 

r ^ A . . ., At this Assembly M r Willm Coddington is 

[On the margin] , n J n , . ^ . ,p , 

Willm Coddington made a freeman or this liurrougn tor the 

made free for v£ now paid. g ome Q f y£# wh ] ie ] mt}l paid an( j the game 

is putt into the Treasury." 

I find, that it was the custom of this borough, to require the 
payment of five pounds into -the treasury from those admitted to 
citizenship. Thus it was on Dec. 20, 1G25, that Mr. Richard Belling- 
ham, afterward an associate of Coddington in the colony of Massa- 
chusetts, was made a freeman by a "fyne of v£." The vicar of the 
church in Boston was supported by the government of the borough 
allowing him v£, and also five pounds from the will of one Margery. 
Five pounds was quite a sum in that remote period, and fitting to 
the simplicity of thc apostolical life manifested by John Cotton. 
The proceedings of thc borough of Boston in the year 1G30 and 
thereabout, reminded me, strongly, of the early records of our own 
country. I call the attention of antiquaries to these records of 
Boston, as an unexplored mine of curious research, which may lead 
to important discoveries. The following notices, which I copied, 
arc interesting from the names with which they are connected : 

"Burrough de Boston. At an Assembly holden at Boston at the 
Guildhall the xxvi th day of February 1627 Richard Bcllingham Esq 
and Richard Chclet 1 are elected Burgesses of this Corporation for the 
Parliament holden the 17 day of March next and it is agreed that 
M r Richard Bcllingham shall have first place in the Parliament. 

"17 march 1627. John Brown. Gent 111 is admitted a freeman of 
this Burrough for the fyne of v£ to be paid, when he is sworne a 
freeman." 

19 Dec. 1628. Thomas and Richard Calverly were admitted free- 
men, on the same conditions. 

They have preserved in the archives of the church three rolls 
of parchment, on which are plainly copied the names of the in- 

1 Thompson gives thc name of Richard Oakley as the associate of Bcllingham in this 
parliament.— [Editor.] 



1874,] William Coddington and Richard Bellingham* 15 

dividuals christened, married and buried during the ministration of 
John Cotton. To these is attached the signature of John Cotton, 
the only one at present in the possession of the church. The follow- 
ing interesting record I copied from the church books, under -the 
head of marriages : 

"April 25, 1632, John Cotton, cleark, and Sarah Story." 
It was in the south-west chapel that I copied the church-records, 
the chapel that was restored in 1855 by New-Englandcrs, to per- 
petuate the memory of John Cotton. 

On a memorial brass in the south-west chapel of the church in 
Boston, Lincolnshire, is the following inscription by the late lion. 
Edward Everett : 

In pcrpctum Joiiannis Cottoni memoriam. 

IIujus ccclesi-cC nmltos per annos 

Itegnantibus Ja'cobo et Carolo Vicarii, 

Gravis, diserti, docti, lahoriosi ; 

Dein propter res sacras in patria misere turbatas, 

No vis sedibus in. novo orbe qiiassitis, 

Ecclesia? primaria3 Bostonia3 Nov-Anglorum. 

Nomen hoc venerabile 

In Cottoni honoreni deducentis, 

Usque ad finem vitaj sunima laude 

Summaque in rebus tarn humanis quam divinis auctoritate 

Pastoris et doetoris; 

Annis ccxxv post migrationem ejus peractis, 

Prognati ejus civesque hostomenses Americani 

A fratribus Anglieis ad hoc pium nmnus provocate, 

Ne viri eximii nomen 

Utriusque orbis desiderii et decoris 

Diutius a templo nobili exularet, 

In quo per tot annos oracula divina 

Diligcnter docte sanctcque emmtiavisset, 

Hoc saccllumrestaurandum et banc tabulam ponendam 

Anno salutis recuperata3 cio. ioccc.lv. 

Libenter grate curaverunt. 

The citizens of this ancient borough entertain a lively and appre- 
ciating sense of the interest which the citizens of Boston, N. E., 
have manifested in their concerns ; and particularly for the munifi- 
cent donation for the restoration of the noble temple, in which some 
of their ancestors listened to the sacred instructions of John Cotton 
before his migration. 

And here is the proper place to record the names of the subscri- 
bers to the Cotton fund. Those marked with a star are descend- 
ants from John Cotton. Those marked with two stars are husbands 
of wives so descended. 





Dollars. 




Dollars 


**Chnrles Francis Adams 


100 


Nathan Applcton 


100 


William Turell Andrews 


50 


William xYppleton 


100 



16 Agreement for Rearrangement of Mass. Line. [Jan. 

Dollars. Dollars. 

George Bancroft 50 Abbott Lawrence; 100 

Martin Brimmer 100 John Amory Lowell 50 

•Edward Brooks 100 Jonathan Phillips 100 

*Gorham Brooks 100 William Hickling Prescott 50 

*Sidney Brooks 100 David Sears 100 

* Peter Chardon Brooks 100 Nathaniel Bradstreet Sburtleff 50 

John P. dishing 100 Jared Sparks 50 

**Edward Everett 100 *Jolm Eliot Thayer 250 

**Nathaniel Langdon Frothingham 100 Frederic Tudor 100 

*John Chipman Gray 50 John Collins Warren 50 

$2,150 
2,150 dollars realized in exchange on England (including interest) £-153 2 4 
George Peabody & Co. 100 

Joshua Bates 100 

Russell Sturgis 20 



£G73 2 4 



AGREEMENT FOR REARRANGEMENT OF THE MASSA- 
CHUSETTS LINE OF THE ARMY. 

From the original in the possession of Charles II. Morse, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 

Cantonment, June 6, 1783. 

THE underwriters 1 having this day consented to relinquish their 
immediate command in the Massachusetts line of the army, in 
order that the proposed reform of the line may be carried into effect 
as soon as may be, yet they do not at the same time mean that this 
shall be considered as opperating in any respect against any claims 
they might otherwise be entitled to, from their long services, or 
present Rank in the line, in case of a future establishment or reform 
of the army, 

J. Daniels, Capt. [6th Regt] W. Watson, [3d] 

Nathan Goodale, Capt. [5th] J. Fowles, Capt. [3d] 

J. Blanchard, Capt. [4th] S. Laniard, Capt. [4th] 

L. Bailey, Capt. [2d] R. Lincoln, Capt. [7th] 

John Williams, Capt. [1st] Luke Day, Capt. [7th] 

Benj. Heywood, Capt. [6th] N. C. Allen, Capt. [7th] 

Win. Moore, Capt. [4th] Asa Colburn, Capt. [7th] 

Jer h Miller, Capt. [1st] D. Lunt, Capt, [1st] 

David ITolbrook, Capt. [4th] M. Wattles, Capt. [6th] 

Jon a Felt, Capt. [5th] T. Turner, Captain [7th] 

Caleb Clap, Capt. t^h] Francis Green, Capt. [1st] 

Peter Cloyes, Capt. [6th] ,7. Turner, Capt. [5th] 

Sam 1 Frost, Capt. [6th] T. Hartshorn, Capt. [8th] 

Tho 8 . Prichard, Capt. [3d] 

1 The numbers of the regiments in which the signers served, within brackets, arc added 
by Mr. Morse. All the signers except Capts. Thomas Prichard, Asa Cobnrn and Mann 
Wattles, were members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, and biographical 
sketches of them will be found in the Memorials of the Society of the Cinnnnati of Mas- 
sachusetts, by Francis S. Drake, printed for the society in 1873.— [Editor..] 



3 874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 17 



THREE HISTORIC FLAGS AND THREE SEPTEMBER 

VICTORIES. 

A paper rend before the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, July 9, 1873, 
Br Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N. 

T is a pleasure to have the privilege, this afternoon, of exhibiting 
to this society, through the kindness of their owners (two of 
whom are present) , three interesting mementos of our national history 
and victories : — The Hag of the Bon Homme Richard, 1770 ; the 
flag of the U. S. Brig Enterprise, 1813 ; and the iiag of Fort 
Mcllenry, 1814. I am sorry their introduction has not fallen into 
more able hands ; but in obedience to the behests of my associates 
of this society, I will endeavor to explain their history and satisfy you 
as to their authenticity. Their mute voices, battle and time-stained 
remains, speak more eloquently than can words of mine. 

THE FLAG OF THE BON HOMME IHCHAKD, 1779. 

Your attention is first called to the flag suspended over my head, 
which, though the smallest in size, from its age and history is worthy 
of the first place. It was worn by the Bon Homme Richard 
ninety-four years ago, during the action with the Serapis, September 
23, 1779, and there is reasonable if not convincing circumstantial 
evidence for the claim that it was the first flag bearing the stars and 
stripes ever hoisted over an American vessel of war, and the first 
that was ever saluted by a foreign naval power. 

The story of the flag is this : — About ten days before the battle 
between the Richard and the Serapis, Commodore Jones cap- 
tured a British man-of-war and her prize, an American armed 
ship called the Kitty, commanded by Capt. Philip Stafford. The 
Englishman had put his prisoners in irons, and on their re-capture, 
Jones, with retributive justice, transferred those bracelets to the 
officers and crew of the British vessel. On their release, the entire 
crew of the Kitty volunteered to serve on board the Bon Homme 
Richard in revenge for the treatment they had received from their 
British captors. 

Among these volunteers was a young man named James Bayard 
Stafford, a nephew of the commander of the Kitty, and the father of 
the present patriotic OAvner of this flag. Being an educated and ac- 
tive young man, he received an appointment as an officer on board 
the Richard. 

When the battle was raging most furiously this flag was shot away, 
and young Stafford jumped into the sea and recovered it, and was 
engaged in replacing it when he was cut down by an officer of the 

VOL. xxviii. 2* 



18 Three Historic Flags ct)i\d Three Victories. [Jan. 

Serapis, His left shoulder blade was cut in two, so that in after 
years the bone separated, leaving his arm helpless, and causing him 
intense suffering. i 

When the Bon Homme Richard was sinking, the flag was seized by 
a sailor, transferred by Paul Jones to the Serapis, and thence by him 
to the Alliance, when he took command of that frigate at the Tcxel. 
The flag remained on board the Alliance until the close of the revo- 
lutionary war, Avhen the vessel was sold to Robert Morris, the great 
financier of those times, and was fitted under his auspices for the 
East India trade. Shortly after her sale, the secretary of the marine 
committee wrote to Lieut. Stafford, that by the advice of Commodore 
John Barry, and in consideration of his services in recovering the flag 
after it had been shot away in the action between the Bon Homme 
Richard and Serapis, the committee had decided to present to him this 
flag, the medicine chest of the Richard, and a Tower musket taken 
from the Serapis. These relics were preserved by Lieut. Stafford 
until the day of his death, August 11), 1838, and by his widow until 
her death, August 9, 1861, when they came into the possession of 
his only daughter, Miss Sarah Smith Stafford, their present owner. 

About 1G90, her great-grandfather, John Howard Stafford, 1 was 
sent with troops to garrison the first fort in Norfolk, Va. It is said 
that finding its location unhealthy, lie removed the troops to a point 
of land near Norfolk, which bore the name of Point Comfort in the 
early days of A 7 irginia, is so called on Capt. John Smith's map, and 
for many years has been known as " Old Point Comfort." 

His troops were after a while transferred to Wexford, Ireland, where 
liis wife died; and he married Mrs. Catherine Barry, a widow with 
three sons, one of whom became the celebrated Commodore John 
Barry of the continental navy. His connection with the Staffords 
accounts for his interest in James Bayard Stafford, whom he ap- 
pointed an acting lieutenant on board the Alliance, when he com- 
manded that vessel, and afterward recommended to the marine com- 
mittee as the proper custodian of this flag. 

I learn from Miss Stafford that she was personally acquainted with 
several of the crew of the Bon Homme Richard, and that she con- 
tinues with patriotic devotion to care for their graves. They often 
called upon her father when living, who showed them this flag, for 
which they expressed the deepest reverence and not unfrcquently 
shed tears, as it brought to mind the perils they had shared under it. 
One of these sailors, Thomas Johnson, a Norwegian, who assisted 

1 Miss Stafford has some ancestors and relatives to be proud of. On the maternal side 
she claims descent from old Michael Bacon, a captain of yeomanry, well known to our Puritan 
annals, who emigrated to this country about 16o0, and lived on what is now Mount Auburn, 
Cambridge, Mass. Two of her mother's uncles were killed in the battle of Lexington : 
Lieut. John Bacon of Needham, and Lieut. John Smith of Natick, whose trusty swords are 
now in her possession. Their deaths are recorded in Gordon's History of the Revolution. 
At the battle of White Plains, her maternal grandfather was mortally wounded, and is 
buried in the " God's Acre " of the Old South Meeting-House in Natiek. 

Her father was the grandson of John Howard Stafford and Aurclia Fairfax, both the 
children of British officers. 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 19 

Jones in lashing the Richard to the Serapis, and was probably the 
last survivor of this celebrated combat, died at the U. S. Naval 
Asylum, Philadelphia, on the 12th of July, 1851, aged 93 years, 
where he had been for many years a pensioner, and was known by 
the sobriquet of " Paul Jones." When shown this flag he recognized 
it as the flag of the Richard. Miss Stafford was a frequent visitor to 
him while living, and annually visits his grave now he is dead : 
a tribute the humble sailor does not often receive, whatever his 
services. 1 Miss Stafford says her father was enthusiastically attached 
to this flag, and often said to his visitors that the British Lion had 
been made to crouch to its stars and stripes. 

The flag is or was about three and a half yards long, and two yards 
and five inches wide. It is made of English bunting, and is sewed 
with hempen or flaxen thread, and contains twelve white stars in its 
blue union, and thirteen stripes alternately red and white. The stars 
are arranged in four horizontal parallel lines, with three stars on 
each line. Why so small a flag, scarcely larger than a boat's-ensign of 
the present day, was used, may be explained by the action having 
been fomdit at niirht, and because of the hijih cost of the English 
material, and the difficulty of procuring it. The flag has been scv- 

1 According to the records of the U. S. Naval Asylum in Philadelphia, Thomas Johnson 
was admitted to the asylum on the 11th of Nov. 1811, aged 83 years. He died on the 12th 
day of July, 1851. His remains were buried in the grave-yard on the Asylum grounds, hut 
have been removed to Mount Moriah Cemetery, where the stone erected by Miss Stafford 
continues to mark their final resting place. 

Johnson was the son of a pilot of Mandel, a seaport on the coast of Norway, where he 
was born in 1758. In the absence of his father, he towed the first American vessel— the Han- 
ger 18, commanded by Paul Jones— into the harbor of Mandel. After their arrival Jones 
sent for the young pilot, and presenting him with a piece of gold, expressed his pleasure 
at his expert seamanship which he had minutely watched during the towing of his ship 
into harbor. He had made the port of Mandel for the purpose of recruiting the crew of 
the Ranger, and satisfactory arrangements being made with his father, Johnson was re- 
ceived on board as a seaman. On assuming command of the Bon Homme Itichard, Jones 
transferred some thirty volunteers from the Ranger, among whom was this Thos. Johnson, 
who following the fortunes of his leader, went with him to the Serapis, and Alliance, and 
finally arrived with him in the Ariel in Philadelphia, Feb. 18, 1781, when 23 years of age, 
the first time he had seen the land of his adoption. At this time congress was sitting in 
Philadelphia, and several of the members were removing their families to that city. Appli- 
cation having been made to Capt. Jones to furnish a man to take charge of a sloop to 
Boston to convey the furniture of John Adams to Philadelphia, he appointed Johnson, 
who performed the service. " This circumstance often brought Johnson in contact with 
Mr. Adams, who knew that he was one of the crew of Captain Jones, and consequently 
must have been in the conflict of the Serapis and Itichard, winch having occurred so re- 
cently, was a subject of general conversation. Many of the sailors frequented the hall of 
congress, and Johnson became interested in listening and observing what was so new to 
him that he was a daily visitor. When the members found that the sailors were part of 
the crew of Captain Jones, they frequently left their seats, and came over to them to in- 
quire the particulars of the recent engagement. Mr. Adams particularly engaged the at- 
tention of Johnson. To use the veteran's own words, he says, ' a nervous sensation seemed 
to pervade the patriot as he listened to the description of the battle given by the sailors; 
fire dashed from his eyes, and his hair seemed perfectly erect; he would clasp his hands, 
and exclaim, What a scene ! ' 

" During the time they remained in Philadelphia, General Washington arrived, and was 
presented to congress; Johnson was present and listened to the introduction by President 
Hancock, and the reply by the general. Some days after, when the sailors were in tho 
hall, Mr. Adams brought General Washington to them, who kindly shook each by tho 
hand, calling them our gallant tars ! and asking them questions relative to the many suc- 
cessful adventures they had recently achieved. 

" Johnson soon after left the navy, and engaged in the merchant service for somo years, 
but eventually returned to it again, where he remained till near the end of his life's voy- 
age. 



20 Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. [Jan. 

eral times loaned for display at fairs and festivals. It was exhibited 
at the great fairs in Philadelphia and New-York, in behalf of the 
sanitary commission, and at the great fair in Trenton, N. J., in 
1862. A piece was cut from the fly of it at the beginning of our 
civil war, by direction of Mrs. Stafford, the mother of the present 
owner, and sent to President Lincoln, who suitably acknowledged 
the gift. 

The flag, with its twelve stars and thirteen stripes, bears evidence of 
its age, if not of its authenticity. Our flag, as established by law of 
congress, from 1777 to 1794 had thirteen stars and thirteen stripes. 
After 1794 and up to 1818, it had fifteen stars and fifteen stripes. 
In 1818 a return was had to the thirteen stripes. Miss Stafford, 
who was born in July, 1802, recollects this flag from April, 1806, 
sixty-seven years ago, when, as a great favor, she was permitted by 
her father to carry it across the street in a family moving ; and an aged 
friend of hers, now a resident on Long Island, recollects its having 
been shown to her, many years before that, and of being told that it 
was the flag of the Bon Homme Kichard. It must therefore date 
before 1794. 

Why its union has but twelve stars, unless they filled it, leaving 
no symmetrical place for the odd star, is a mystery. It has been 
suggested that only twelve of the colonies had consented to the con- 
federation at the date of its manufacture ; but that is not so. All the 
colonies had confederated before the adoption of the stars in 1777, 
and the consent of Georgia, the last to give assent, was symbolized 
in the flag of thirteen stripes, alternately red and white, which was 
raised by Washington in Cambridge, on the first of January, 1776. 

In an agreement signed by Paul Jones, and the captains of his 
Franco- American squadron, June, 1779, it was expressly stipulated 
that the squadron should fly the flag of the United States. We may 
be sure, therefore, that the stars and stripes were flown in the fight 
between the Richard and Serapis as they had been in the fight 
between the Drake and Ranger, six months earlier, as Jones him- 
self has stated. 

The conflict between the Bon Homme Richard, an old condemned 
East Indiaman, the Due de Duras, whose rotten sides were cut 
through and pierced for forty-four guns, and the Serapis, a strong, 
new and fast double-decked frigate of forty-four guns, which had just 
cost his Majesty a quarter of a million of dollars, representing double 
that money value of the present time, is one of the most remarkable 
and desperate naval contests on record. 

The vessels closed with each other between seven and eight o'clock 
in the evening. The weather was clear, the surface of the sea was 
unruffled, and just as the Richard came within gunshot of her oppo- 
nent, the moon rose with unusual splendor, to reveal the terrible 
struggle which was about to open to tlie anxious spectators who had 
crowded to the edges of the cliffs of Flamborough Head, which oppo- 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 21 

site the scene of the combat formed the coast of old England. 
"What ship is that?" hailed the captain of the Serapis, as the 
Richard approached within hailing distance. " Come a little nearer, 
and I will tell yon," was the equivocal reply. "What are you laden 
with?" was the next inquiry. " Sound, grape and double-headed 
shot ! " replied Jones defiantly ; and with that the Serapis imme- 
diately returned a broadside, and the action commenced. 

Time will not permit, and it is needless for me to follow out the 
details of the fight ; they can be found in any of our naval histories, 
and are familiar to every school-boy. A particularly good descrip- 
tion of the fight is given by Dawson in his Battles of the United 
States by Sea and Land, it being collated from the official reports, 
English and American, and from several contemporary and reliable 
accounts by eye-witnesses. I propose to give only an outline of it. 

The ships were soon lashed together : Thomas Johnson, the Nor- 
wegian, and Paul Jones himself assisting to make them last. The 
Serapis dropped an anchor, hoping the Richard would drift clear of 
her, but the device did not effect its object, the vessels continuing fast 
to the end of the engagement, and such a mauling as ensued was 
never before and has never since been witnessed. As has been said 
of General Taylor at the battle of Buena Vista, Jones was several 
times whipped, but did not know it, and finally achieved victory by 
sheer endurance. 

The vessels were ten or twelve times on fire, and alternately com- 
bating each other and the flames, which threatened destruction to 
both. At last a hand-grenade, thrown by a topman from the Rich- 
ard upon the main deck of the Serapis, exploded a number of 
cartridges lying on that deck from the mainmast to the extreme after 
part of the ship, killing over twenty and wounding thirty-eight of 
her crew, and decided the action in favor of the American ship. At 
half past ten o'clock at night, after an engagement of over three 
hours, captain Pearson struck the colors of the Serapis with his own 
hands, none of his crew daring to expose themselves for that purpose. 
As soon as it was known that the Serapis had surrendered, Lieut. 
Richard Dale passed on board and took possession of the prize, while 
Capt. Pearson with his officers passed over to the Richard and sur- 
rendered their swords to Commodore Jones. In surrendering his, 
Capt. Pearson rudely said : " It is with reluctance I am obliged to 
resign my sword to a man who may be said to fight with a halter 
about his neck." Jones, with gentlemanly courtesy and becoming 
dignity, replied: "Sir: you have fought like a hero, and I make 
no doubt your sovereign will reward you for it, in the most ample 
manner." 1 

1 Capt. Pearson was subsequently knighted by George III. for his heroism in this action. 
Robert C. Sands, the biographer of Jones, discredits the story of Capt. Pearson's rudeness in 
delivering up his sword, assigning as a reason that Capt. E'earson was a gentleman. Gen- 
tlemen, however, sometimes forget themselves, and the story, often repeated in other biogra- 
phies and naval histories, rests on the authority ot'C. VV. Goldsborough's Naval Chronicle. 



22 Three Historic Flags s and Three Victories. [Jan. 

As soon as Lieut. Dale had received a prize crew on board the 
Scrapie, the lashings were cut, and the Richard slowly drifted away ; 
the prize following her as soon as the cables could be cut, when a 
new danger presented itself. The Richard was both sinking and on 
fire, and it was only by the assistance of the other vessels of the 
squadron that she was preserved long enough to secure the removal 
of the wounded of her crew. An examination early next morning 
showed that abaft, on a line with the guns of the Scrapis which had 
been served after the vessels were lashed together, her siding and 
timbers had been entirely demolished, a few futtocks being the only 
support of her poop and spar-deck. Her rudder had been cut from 
her stern post ; her transoms had been nearly driven cut of her ; 
the flames had got within her ceilings and menaced the magazine ; 
and the pumps by constant use could hardly keep the water at the 
same level. 

After securing the safety of all that were on board, about 9, A.M., 
the 25th of September, the officer in charge, with his crew, took to 
their boats, and about an hour later the Bon Homme Richard, hav- 
ing fought her good light and finished her course, settled slowly into 
the sea and disappeared bow foremost. The Serapis was taken 
into the Texel, under jury-masts. 

The loss of life was unusually severe. A writer in the Analectic 
Magazine states that the Richard had no less than one hundred and 
Sixty-five killed, and one hundred and thirty-seven wounded and 
missing ; and that the Serapis had one hundred and thirty-seven killed 
and seventy-six missing ; her whole crew at the commencement of 
the action having been three hundred and twenty. But these state- 
ments are deemed exaggerations and have been denied. Capt Pear- 
son, in his official despatch to the admiralty, states the loss of the 
Scrapis as forty-nine killed and sixty-eight wounded, which was 
about one-third of her crew, and is probably correct. When a mid- 
shipman, I was informed by an old sailor who was on board the Bon 
Homme Richard, that she was painted black and the Serapis yellow, 
at the time of the engagement. 1 

This action, fought within sight of the shores of England, exer- 
cised as important an influence upon our affairs in Europe, as did 
the fight between the Kearsarge and the Alabama in recent time3, 
and was a parallel to it in that a portion of the crew of the Serapis, 
after her surrender, attempted to escape in one of her boats to the 
Countess of Scarborough, or to the shore, as a portion of the 
Alabama's officers and crew did escape to the Dccrhound, a British 
yacht. 

The wonderful obstinacy with which this battle was maintained 
attracted general attention, and Franklin wrote home that Jones's 

1 Jones, in his account of the battle, says : " It "was then full moonlight, and the sides of 
the Bon Homme Richard were all black, while the sides and masts of the prize were all 
yellow." 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 23 

name was on every lip for nine days in Paris. The poets of the clay 
were swift to time their lyres in description of the fight. Chief 
among these was Philip Preneau, who has graphically described it 
in the lines beginning : — 

" O'er the rough main with flowing sheet, A ship of less tremendous force 
The guardian of a numerous fleet, Sailed by her side, the self-same course, 

Scrapie from the Baltic came ; Countess of Scarborough, her name." 

I will read you, by way of example, a few verses from a homelier 
versifier, a favorite upon the forecastle, who appears to have been a 
sailor on board the Richard. His description is better than his 
grammar or the smoothness of his verse : 

" An American frigate — a frigate of fame, 
With guns mounted forty — Goodman .Richard by name, 
Sailed to cruise in the channels of Old England, 
With a valiant commander — l Paul Jones ; was that same. 

" He had not cruised long before he espies 
A large forty-four, and a twenty likewise, 
Well manned with bold seamen, well laid in with stores, 
In consort to drive him from Old England's shores." 

The writer of the ballad proceeds to say that Percy came along- 
side " with a loud speaking trumpet," whatever that might be, and 
that Jones answered his hail and broadside, charging his men to 
stand firm to their guns, and continues : 

" The contest was bloody, both decks run with gore ; 
The sea seemed to blaze while the cannons did roar. 
* Eight, my brave boys,' then Paul Jones he cried, 
' And soon we will humble this bold Englishman's pride.' " 

After several verses, which I will not tax your patience by repeat- 
ing, the poet continues : 

" They fought them eight glasses, 1 eight glasses so hot, 
Till seventy bold seamen lay dead on the spot ; 
And ninety brave seamen lay stretched in their gore, 
While the pieces of cannon most fiercely did roar." 

But there is claimed for this flag a higher significance than it de- 
rives from having been worn by the Richard in her combat with the 
Serapis. You can decide what weight to give to the testimony. 
On the authority of Mrs. Patrick Hayes, a niece of Miss Sarah 
Austin, who became the second wife of Commodore John Barry, 
and who had the story from her aunt, it is stated that some patriotic 
ladies met in the old Swedes' Church, in Philadelphia, and, under 
the direction of John Brown, secretary of the new Board of Marine, 
formed or arranged a flag, which was presented to Capt. Paul Jones 
by the Misses Mary and Sarah Austin (the latter the aunt of Miss 
Hayes above referred to) in behalf of said ladies. After the 
presentation, Jones procured a small boat, and, unfurling the flag, 

1 Fourhourp* 



24 Three Historic Flags und Three Victories. [Jim. 

sailed up and down the Schuylkill, before Philadelphia, to show the 
assembled thousands what the national ilaq* was to be. 

I have been unable to ascertain the facts of the case, or the date 
of the organization of the Marine Committee with John Brown for 
its secretary, and John Meyler as his assistant. The records of the 
old Swedish Church, which I have had examined, do not record 
such a meeting, and a diligent search of files of Philadelphia 
newspapers for 1776 and '77 has failed to disclose an account of 
such a presentation. 1 

It is a well-known fact that Paul Jones's appointment to command 
the Ranger, and the resolve establishing the stars of a new 
constellation and the stripes as our national ensign, were included in 
the same series of resolutions, 2 and he has recorded that he was the 
first to hoist "the new constellation" over an American ship of war, 
when he assumed command of the Ranger, in Portsmouth, N. II., 
as he was the first to have it acknowledged by a salute from a 
foreign nation, February, 1778, in Quiberon Bay, 3 and that he wore 
the stars and stripes in the action between the Ranger and 
Drake on the 27th of April following. 4 

What more probable then than that the flag presented by the ladies 
of Philadelphia, the first of the kind ever raised over an American 
vessel of war, the first to receive a salute from a foreign power, 
worn in the close ensuing victory over the Drake, and highly valued 
by Jones, should be carried by him to the Bon llommc Richard, 
when he hoisted his flag on board of that ship, be worn during the 
action with the Serapis, and be transferred first to her on the 
sinking of the Richard, and finally to the Alliance, when Jones 
took command of her? The original lo^-books of the Ranker and 
Bon Homme Richard, which are said to be in the possession of 
the Earl of Selkirk and Mr. George Napier in Scotland, might 
throw much light upon the subject. 

On the 17th of December, 1779, three months after the combat 
between the Serapis and Richard, the Alliance, to which, according 
to this theory, this flag had been transferred when Jones took com- 
mand, was lying in the Texel, and the Dutch admiral wrote to him, 
asking to be informed whether the Alliance was a French or an 
American vessel. If the first, the admiral expected him to show 
his commission and display the French ensign and pennant, announc- 
ing it by firing a gun ; if an American, that he should lose no 
occasion to depart. The French Commissary of Marine urged him 
to satisfy all parties by hoisting French colors ; but Jones refused to 
wear any other than the American flap;, and sent word to the Admiral 

1 Is it not possible tills may have been the ilag made by Mrs. Iloss, and claimed by 
licr descendant, Win, J. Canby, of Philadelphia, to have been the first starred Hag ever 
made ? 

2 See Resolutions of Congress, June 17, 1777. 

3 Jones to Commissioners, Feb. 22, 1778. MS. diary of Dr. Ezra Green, surgeon of the 
Hanger. 

4 Jones to the Commissioners, May 27, 1778. 



1874.] 



Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 



25 



that under that flag he mould proceed to sea whenever the pilot 
would cany the ship out. 

At length, on the morning of the 27th of December, Jones had 
the satisfaction of announcing himself at sea in the Alliance, whence 
he wrote to M. Dumas, by the pilot : "I am here, my dear Sir, with 
a good wind at cast, and under my best American colors ." 

Favored by a strong wind, the Alliance the next (Jay passed 
through the Straits of Dover, with her colors set, running close to 
the Goodwin Sands, in full view of the fleet anchored in the Downs, 
three or four miles to leeward, and on the 29th reconnoitred the 
fleet at Spithead, — still showing her colors, — and on the first of 
January, 1780, was fairly out of the channel. Jones would, of course, 
consider the flag presented to him by the patriotic ladies of Phila- 
delphia as " his best American colors," and hoist it on these 
occasions. 

Miss Stafford's 1 faith in this flag as the veritable flan- of the Bon 
Homme Richard is shown by the fact, that, unwilling to trust it to 

1 Miss Stafford is the patriotic elderly lady (I suppose I may call her so without offence, 
as she acknowledges to forty years over thirty) whose petition to congress for a pension 
on account of her father's services, ninety-three years before, created such a sensation in 
1872. Her home in Trenton is a museum of revolutionary relics, and her doorphitc is 
ornamented with an enamelled portrait of Washington. At the commencement of our 
civil war, she loaned twelve thousand dollars, all in double eagles, to the state of New- 
Jersey, to aid in equipping the first volunteers from that state. This was several months 
before tin; issue of any bonds had been authorized, and was tendered and accepted before 
any such security could be given for it. Others gave of their abundance, but this woman 
gave idl of her substance, — ever trusting to her motto, "The Lord will provide." "What 
is money without a country ?" she asked, when advised not to thus peril all she had. 

With regard to her pension, she writes me : " Twenty-four years ago, Senator Clayton, 
of Delaware, presented my petition to Congress, asking to he allowed compensation for 
my father's services. Senator Evans, of South Carolina, reported adversely, believing I 
was entitled to prize-money, but papa being a volunteer on board the Richard and not 
attached to her, was not entitled to any. Afterward, mama having received money from 
her relatives in Massachusetts, where she-was bom, and lived for many years, I thought 
no more abgut Congress for some time. In 1860 my petition was renewed, and a b.ll 
passed the house of Representatives, hut did not reach the Senate. 

"In 1872, the committee on revolutionary claims, repeating a House report of the same 
purport in lsCO, reported relative to my father's services as follows : 

" ' It fully appeavsfrom the testimony before the committee that James Bayard 
Stafford entered the Navy at the beginning of the war of Independence, and was in 
constant and active service, and in frequent battles, and remained in the service 
until the close of the war ; that his ship was captured by a British cruiser, and 
subsequently recaptured by John Paul Jones, when lie volunteered in the Hon 
Homnie Richard, where he received wounds, which, owing to unskilful treatment, 
broke out after a time, disabling both his arms. 

" ' Commodore Barry, of the Alliance, writes that ' Lieutenant Stafford served 
through the whole war. At the request of the secret committee of Congress, 1 sent 
him with a message to Henry Laurens, Esq., a prisoner in the Tower of London. 
This duty he performed with great fidelity and success.' It will be remembered 
that Colonel Laurens, ex-President of Congress, and ambassador to Holland to 
negotiate for aid in our revolutionary struggle, had been taken prisoner and coniined 
in the lower of London, as stated by Commodore Larry. The secret committee of 
Congress felt the necessity of warning Colonel Laurens not to make any terms or 
accept of any compromises which the British might propose. This dangerous and 
difficult communication was offered to Lieutenant Stafford, because his patriotism 
had been proved by his abandonment of a lucrative business for the naval service, 
his courage, often tested in action, while his education in England and Ireland gave 
him a familiarity with localities and manners most necessary for success. Your 
committee have the affidavits of many aged persons, cognizant of the above facts, 
and of the difficulties of the service. Disguised as an Irish laborer, Lieutenant 
VOL. XXVIII. 3 



26 Three Historic Flags qnd Three Victories. [Jan. 

any hands but her own, she lias journeyed from Trenton to Boston 
expressly to enable me to exhibit it to you, and will return with it 
when this meeting is over. 

THE FLAG OF THE ENTERPRISE. 

Your attention is next invited to the flag worn by the U. S. Brig 
Enterprise 1 in her action with II. B. M. Brig Boxer, September 5, 

Stafford walked from AVexford, in Ireland, to London, except the short passage from 
Dublin to Holyhead. The log-book of an American officer describes the fate 
Lieutenant Stafford would have been subjected to had he been captured in this 
perilous undertaking. ' They were marched upon a lloating machine, their bodies, 
legs, and arms so ironed tV lC they could not bend either; the machine was towed 
at high water to a gallows erected by government orders ; the hangman made the 
halters fast to the gallows, and left them to die at leisure — that is, by inches, as the 
tide fell.' 

" ' It has been urged against the payment of naval service, that the revolutionary 
congress promised to pay the army only. This cannot be proved to be other than 
an omission, and is no reason why meritorious services should not be rewarded by 
us. Your committee believe that the sufferings and perils endured by Lieutenant 
Stafford in the navy were equal to those undergone by any officer in the army. 

" ' To show how much was received by the navy in the way of prize-money, it should 
be remembered that only one-third was allowed to the captors. By far the greater 
number of the prizes were sunk or burned as a matter of necessity. Sixty valuable 
merchantmen were abandoned to secure the Serapis for the use of the naval service. 
It was long before the prize-money was distributed. In the instance of the Serapis, 
just referred to, the money was not ordered to be paid until the year 1837, when 
but few of the captors were left to receive it. 

" ' Lieutenant Stafford was a volunteer in this world-renowned action of the Richard; 
his name, therefore, was not on the rolls, and his daughter can receive no prize- 
money under the law. 

" ' Congress annually appropriates money for secret service which requires neither 
patriotism, great ability, nor involves any danger. The pay for such service is 
always in proportion to the ability required and the hazards to be encountered. 

"' In consideration of Lieutenant Stafford's naval service throughout the war, of his 
wound, of the secret services rendered, for all of which he never received^ any 
payment or prize-money, your committee decide that the prayer of the petitioner 
should be granted, and report a bill accordingly.' 

" Following this report, on the 21st of January, 1872, the Trenton Bank was robbed, and 
my bonds stolen therefrom. 1 was then in Washington, and received a telegram from 
the cashier that all my means that I had deposited there were gone. ' I' took the telegram 
to Senators Stockton and Frelingtauysen, of New- Jersey, who at once brought forward my 
claim, and a bill passed allowing hie seven years' lieutenant's half-pay, under existing 
laws, amounting to $3,000. So the Lord will provide for those in adversity, if we but put 
our trust in Him. Probably you read of the passage of the bill in June, 1872, as there 
was much notice of it in the newspapers, on account of the patriotic expression of the 
members, and my being overcome at the time." 

Of the stolen bonds, amounting in all to about the sum she loaned the state in 1861, she 
has only been able to recover $3,400, which, being registered, were duplicated ; the remain- 
der of the stolen property, including many valuable family papers, is a total loss. 

Ill luck seems to pursue Miss Stafford's investments, as I learn from her that between 
four and rive thousand dollars of the money granted by congress was invested in North 
Pacific Railroad bonds, the present value of which the recent financial panic has disturbed. 

1 The " lucky " Enterprise, built originallv in Baltimore, in 1799, was schooner-rigged, 
mounted twelve guns, was of 135 tons burthen, and cost 310,210. In a cruise of eight 
mouths under Lieut. J. Shaw, she fought live actions and captured nineteen vessels. 
Cwing to these gallant services, she was the only small cruiser retained in our navy after 
the French war. During the Tripolitan war 'she was always actively employed in the 
Mediterranean, under Lieuts. Sterrett, Hull, Decatur, Robinson, and others. In 1809, she 
went to Europe under command of Lieut. Trippc. Returning in 1811, she was rebuilt, 
her tonnage increased to 165 tons, her armament to fourteen guns, and she was altered to 
a brig. She cruised near our coast from 1811 to 1814, successively under the command of 
J. Blakly, Win. Burrows, and J. Renshaw. While off the coast of Florida in company 
with the Rattlesnake, she captured a British privateer, and both vessels were chafed by an 
English 74. Renshaw cast all her guns overboard in order to increase her speed. It 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and\Three Victories. 27 

1813. It is now owned by Mr. Horatio G. Quincy, of Portland, 
Me., who has kindly loaned it for this occasion. lie truthfully 
remarks, in his letter which accompanied it, that the flag which 
the dying Burrows requested might never be struck, is now al- 
most struck to decay, neglect and old age, the devouring teeth 
of time. The flag is, as you see, about double the size of the 
Richard's, being seventeen feet nine inches in length by eleven feet 
three inches in width, and has fifteen stripes, and it may be sup- 
posed it had fifteen stars, arranged in three parallel lines of five each, 
though many of them have been obliterated by the causes above 
named. The union is eleven feet six inches, Iv five feet six inches. 
This was an old flajj at the date of the engagement, and was 
patched up only the day before with pieces of a still older flag, by 
Mr. Metcalf, the sail-maker of the brig, who still lives and recog- 
nizes this flag as the one he worked upon. After the victory, the 
body of Capt. Burrows was wrapped in it when it was taken on 
shore and laid in state in the hotel of Mr. Coolidge (afterward a 
captain in the U. S. Revenue Service), to whom, drenched as it was 
with the hero's blood, it was presented by the surviving officers of the 
Enterprise. For better preservation, Capt. Coolidge sent it to 
the old Portland Museum, which citizens of that city half a century 
and less ago will remember. When the museum was sold out, and 
its contents scattered, Mr. Quincy obtained possession of this flag by 
purchase, and has held it in precious trust ever since. lie writes 
me : "I loan you the old flag of the Enterprise with pleasure to 
exhibit with the other flags named by you. It stands as high in the 
estimation of all Americans, especially of a Portland boy, as either 
of the others." He adds that "after the action it bore the marks of 

was of little avail : nothing saved the "lucky" little brig from capture but a favorable 
shifting of the wind. Not long after she sailed into Charleston, and was there made a 
guard ship. Her crnisings were continued after the war until 1822, with her usual good 
fortune, in the Mediterranean, West Indies, &c, under Lieut. Kearny. She was lost nt 
Little Curacoa in 1823, while in command of Lieut. J. Gallagher, but her crew was saved. 
She was succeeded in the service by a schooner Enterprise, 10 guns and 194 tons, built iu 
New-York in 1831. 

In her action with the Boxer, she was armed with 2 long nine pounders, and 14 eightecn- 
ponnder carronades, and her complement of officers was 102. The Boxer was 182 tons, 
and mounted 12 cighteen-pounder carronades, and 2 long sixes. Her complement has 
been variously stated as from 70 to 100 men. Commodore Hull counted ninety hammocks 
Ptowed in her nettings, which would argue a crew of at least that number. The Enterprise 
had 2 killed, 12 wounded in the action; the Boxer, 7 killed, 14 wounded. The En- 
terprise had 1 cighteen-pounder in her hull; the Boxer IS, and several of her guns were 
dismounted. 

The English, in all their accounts of the engagement, state that the Enterprise was a 
much larger vessel than the Boxer. Allen says": "The Boxer measured 181 tons; the 
Enterprise 245, and had a crew of 120 men and 3 boys." Ilrenton says: " The American 
schooner was nearly double her [the Boxer's] force in number of men, and greatly supe- 
rior in guns and in size." Ralfe, in bis Naval Chronology, 1800-1816, does not mention 
or refer to the action. As the dimensions and armaments I have given are from official 
records, thev can be relied upon. 

Old " Wade," who was gunner of the U. S. Frigate Macedonian in 1S39, when I was a 
midshipman on board of her, was one of the crew of the Enterprise in her tight with the 
Boxer, and he told me that the Boxer fired two broadsides before the Enterprise returned 
a gun; and that when about two hundred feet distant, Lieut MeCall gave the order: 
"Give her the bow gun [a long nine], mv lads; " and this, the first gun on our side, took oil 
the Boxer's jib-boom close to the cap. The action was fought under topsail, and occasion- 
ally jib and spanker. The Enterprise had three ensigns hoisted. 



5>S T/treo Tfistorie Flays and Three Victories. [Jan. 

fifty-nine shot holes," probably chiefly from musketry, as the engage- 
ment was close and muskets were much used througout it. 1 

THE BATTLE BETWEEN THE ENTERPRISE AND BOXER. 

On the 4th of September, 1813, the IT. S. Brig Enterprise sailed 
from Portland on a cruise to the eastward, having received informa- 
tion of several privateers being oiF Monhegan, and being, it is said, 
also attracted by the sound of cannon in that direction. On the follow- 
ing morning, in the bay near Pemaquid Point, a brig was discovered 
getting underway, which proved to be II. B. M. Brig Boxer, to which 
the Enterprise immediately gave chase. The Boxer fired several guns 
and stood for the Enterprise, with four ensigns hoisted. When the 
vessels had approached to half pistol-shot the action between them 
commenced, and was continued for about a quarter of an hour, when 
the Enterprise ranging ahead of her enemy, rounded to, and raked 
her. Soon after this the maintopmast and topsail yard of the 
Boxer came down, when the Enterprise was enabled to take a posi- 
tion off her starboard bow, and continued to rake, until about forty 
minutes after the commencement of the action, when the enemy 
ceased firing, and hailed, saying he had surrendered. His colors hav- 
ing been nailed to the mast, could not be hauled down. 

Lieut. William Burrows,. the commander of the Enterprise, was 
struck by a musket ball at the commencement of the action, 2 which 
was then continued by Lieut. McCall, the officer next in seniority. 

1 The officers of the Enterprise in her action with the Boxer were : — 

William Burrows, lieut. commandant. Killed in the action, Sept. 5, 1813. 

Edward R. McCall, first lieutenant. Died in the service, a captain, July 31, 

1853. 

Thomas G. Tillinghast, second lieut. Lost in the Wasp, 181-5. 

William Harper, sailing master. Resigned, June 25, 1814. 

John II. Auliek, master's mate. Died Aug. '26, 1873, commodore. 

Bailey Washington, surgeon. Died in the service, August 4, 1854. 

Edwin W. Turner, purser. Died in the service, March G, 1819. 

Kervin Waters, midshipman. Died of his wounds, Sept. 25, 1815. 

William F. Shields, " Resigned, Oct. 12, 1813. 

Vincent L. Lassier, " 

Richard O'Neal, « Resigned, Aug. 9, 1827. 

Horatio Ewart, gunner. 

John Ball, boatswain. 

Mr. Metcalf, acting sail maker. 
Lieut. Wm. Burrows was horn Oct. 6, 1785, at Kinderton, near Philadelphia, the seat of 
his lather Wm. Ward Burrows of South Carolina, who was lieut. col. commandant of U. 
S. Marines from 1800 to 1804, when lie resigned. He was educated chiefly under the eye 
of his father, a gentleman of accomplished mind and manners, and at the age of 13 was as 
well acquainted with German as with his mother tongue. 

Lieut. Edward Rutledge McCall was born in Charleston, S. C, August 5, 1790, and wag 
therefore but 22 years and II months old when the action was fought. 

Congress ordered to the nearest male relative of Burrows a gold medal with "suitable 
emblems and devices." As no portrait of him had ever been painted, the medal struck in 
his honor contains on its obverse, instead of the usual effigy, an urn standing on an altar, 
on the side of which was his name. A gold medal was also presented to Lt. McCall, who 
continued the action, bearing his effigy on the obverse. The reverse of both medals re- 
presents the action, and has the same legend and motto. 

2 Lossing says he was assisting the men In running out a carronade, and, in doing so, 
placed one foot against the bulwarks to give lever power to his efforts. Whilo in that 
position, a shot, supposed to be a eannister ball, struck his thigh, and, glancing from the 
bone to his body, inflicted a painful and fatal wound. He lived eight hours. 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 29 

Burrows, however, refused to be carried below, and raising bis bead 
requested that the flag might never be struck. "When the sword of 
the vanquished enemy was presented to him, the dying conqueror 
clasped his hands and exclaimed : " I am satisfied, I die contented ! " 
Then, and not till then, would he consent to be carried below, where 
every attention was vainly paid to save his life. A few hours after the 
victory he breathed his last. 

" His couch was his fihroud, in his hammock he died, 
The shot of the Briton was true ; 
He breathed not a sigh, bat faintly he cried 
Adieu, my brave shipmates, adieu." 

" Away to your stations, let it never be said 
Yon banner you furled to the foe ; 
Let these stars ever shine at the maintopmast head, 
And the pathway to victory show." 

" Remember the accents of Lawrence the brave, 
Ere his spirit had fled to its rest : 
' Don't give up the ship,' let her sink 'neath the wave 
And the breeze bear her fate to the west. 1 

" lie said, and a gun to the leeward was heard, 
'Twas the enemy's gun well he knew ; 
He raised up his head, and three times he cheered, 
And expired as he uttered adieu." 

Commander Samuel Blyth, E. N., of the Boxer, was hilled by 
the first broadside from the Enterprise, he having received an 18- 
pounder cannon shot through his body, which nearly cut him in two ; 
after which the command devolved on Lieut. David McCrcery, the 
senior lieutenant. 

The remains of the two commanders were brought to Portland, 
where they were interred side by side. The youthful midshipman, 
Waters, who was mortally wounded in the fight, and was promoted a 
lieutenant for his heroism, after lingering for over two years, died on 
the 25th of September, 1815, at the age of 18, and was buried by the 
side of his beloved commander. Mr. William Goold, now of Wind- 
hammc, informs me that he was one of several young men who were 
accustomed to sit by his side for a whole day at a time, and as often 
as once a week, to amuse him and minister to his comfort. Several 
aged persons now living in Portland remember the appearance of 
the two vessels after the fight. My brother often told me of his 
visiting them immediately after they arrived in Portland, on the after- 
noon of the engagement. The decks of the Enterprise had been 
cleared, he said, and presented the wonted neat appearance of a ves- 
sel of war, but those of the Boxer remained just as she came out of 
the battle ; blood was smeared over every thing, and lay in pools 
upon the deck. 

The bodies of the two commanders were brought on shore in ten- 

1 The action between the Chesapeake and Shannon was fought May 29, 1813. Com- 
mander Blyth served as a pall bearer at the funeral of Lawrence in Halifax. 
VOL. XXVIII. 3* 



30 Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. [Jan. 

oared barges, rowed at minute strokes by masters of ships, accompa- 
nied by most of the barges and boats in the harbor. Commodore 
Isaac Hull had charge of the funeral arrangements. A grand pro- 
cession was then formed from Union wharf, where the landing was 
effected, to the Second Parish Church, where the Itev. Dr. Payson 
officiated. The corpse of Burrows, draped in the flag you see before 
you, headed the procession ; that of Blyth followed, covered in like 
manner with the ensign he had caused to be nailed to the mast, and 
did not live to sec lowered, and which is now one of the trophy-flags 
preserved at the Naval Academy in Annapolis. 

The interment took place with all the honors that the civil and 
military authorities of Portland could bestow ; the officers and crews 
of the two vessels followed their lamented leaders to the grave, and 
Forts Scammel and Preble awakened the echoes of the beautiful 
bay with the mournful sound of their minute guns. Equal honors in 
every respect were paid to the young commanders. 

Longfellow, in his beautiful poem of " My Lost Youth," thus 
refers to this light and the graves of these heroes : — 

" I remember the bulwarks by the shore, 

And the fort upon the hill, 
And the sunset-gun with its hollow roar, 
The drum-beat repeated o'er and o'er, 

And the bugle wild and shrill." 

" I remember the sea fight far away, 

How it thundered o'er the tide, 
And the dead captains as they lay 
In their graves o'erlooking the tranquil bay, 

Where'they in battle died." 1 

1 Recently it was proposed to remove the rcmnins from the Eastern to Evergreen 
Cemetery, but such opposition was created that they were suffered to rest in peace where 
our lathers had placed them. There was also a proposition some years since to remove the 
present monumental stones, and erect one imposing monument in their stead; hut that 
was opposed, on the ground that the present monuments are public in their nature and 
should not lie removed, 'flic following are the inscriptions on the tombstones :— 

Beneath this Stone 
moulders 

the body of In memory 

William Bunnows, of 

late commander Capt. Samuel Blytii, 

of the late commander 

United States Brig Enterprise of 

who was mortally wounded His Britannic Majesty's Brig Boxer, 

on the 5th of Sept. 1813, He nobly fell 

in an action which contributed on the oth September, 1813, 

to increase the fame of in action 

American valor by capturing with the U. S. Brig Enterprise 

His Britannic Majesty's Brig Boxer In life honorable, 

after a severe contest in death glorious, 

of forty-live minutes. his country will long deplore one of her 

JEt. 28. bravest Sons; 

A passing stranger- has erected this his friends long lament one of tho 

monument of respect to the manes of bravest of Men. 

a Patriot, who in the hour of peril JEt. 29. 

obeyed the loud summons of an injured The surviving officers of his crew offer 

country, and Avho gallantly met, this feeble tribute of admiration 

fought and conquer'd and respect, 
t lie foeman. 

2 The "parsing stranger" was Silas M. Burrows of New-York, who visited the cemetery, 
saw the neglected condition of the young hero's grave, and ordered a monument to bo 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 31 

The Boxer was sold in Portland, and purchased by Thomas and 
William Merrill, for the merchant service. She was afloat as late 
as 1845. In September, 1814, she was temporarily armed with the 
guns of a Portuguese prize-ship, and hauled into position by the 
Portland rifle corps, to defend Vaughan bridge. Iler own guns, 
which were cighteen-pounder carronades, were put on board the pri- 
vateer Ilyder Ali, built and fitted out in Portland. 

There is an incident connected with this fight, and which, in fact, 
led to it, not generally known, which 1 must trespass upon your 
time to relate. 

Both the British and our governments, during the progress of the 
war, found it necessary to relax the strictness with which the rules 
of war excluded British importations. In fact they actually winked 
at their violation. Accordingly Mr. Charles Tappan, a brother of the 
late well-known philanthropist Lewis Tappan, and now a venerable 
resident of Brookline, Mass., received intimation from the custom 
house that our government had given directions not to scrutinize too 
narrowly the importation of British goods, with an added caution to 
look out for American privateers which were beyond its control. Act- 
ing on the hint thus conveyed, he sent one of his vessels to Europe, and 
putting her under the Swedish flag, ordered her to England, where 
she took in a car<zo for St. John's, N. B. On learning of her arrival 
at that port, Mr. Tappan went there, where he found Capt. Blyth of 
the Boxer, who agreed with him for £100 sterling to convoy Mr. Tap- 
pan's Swedish brig to the mouth of the Kennebec. In pursuance of 
this arrangement, Mr. Tappan drew his bill of exchange on London 
for £100, and giving it to Capt. Blyth, returned to Portsmouth, N. 
II., where he was doing business, to await the arrival of his vessel in 
the Kennebec ; while Capt. B. commenced his convoy, keeping at a 
suitable distance until, when near Eastport, the fog permitted him to 
approach and take her in tow. In this way the two vessels neared 

erected.— Lossing's War of 1812. Willis, in his History of Portland, says it was Silas E. 
Burrows, a relative of Lieut. Com'dt. B. 

Beneath this marble, 

by the side of his gallant commander, 

rest the remains of 

Lieut. Ki-KYiN Watkrs, 

a native of Georgetown, District of 

Columbia, who received a mortal 

wound Sept. 5th, 1813, 
while a Midshipman on board the 

U. S. Brig Enterprise 
in an action with II. B. M. Brig Boxer, 
which terminated in the capture 

of the latter. 

He languished in severe pain, 

which he endured with fortitude, 

until Sept. 25th, 1815, 

when he died with Christian 

calmness and resignation, 

aged 18. 

The young men of Portland 

erect this stone in testimony of their respect 

for his valor and virtues. 



32 T7iree Historic Flags knd Three Victories. [Jan. 

Seguin, when the weather having become clear, and privateers ap- 
pearing in eight, Capt. Blyth fired a few blank shots at his convoy as if 
in chase of her, and to deceive them. That device was successful, and 
the Swedish Brig arrived at Bath, whence her cargo was transhipped 
to Portsmouth ; but it so happened, the wind being easterly, that the 
sharp ears of Lieut. Burrows caught the boom of the guns, and he in- 
stantly made sail in the direction of the sound, with what result I have 
related. When Mr. Tappan heard of the battle, he was anxious about 
his bill of exchange, and went to Portland, where he boarded the 
Boxer, informed the senior officer of his negotiations with his de- 
ceased commander, paid him $500 in gold, and received back the 
bill of exchange for £100, which was found in the breeches pocket of 
Capt. Blyth as he lay on board the captured brig. 1 

THE FLAG OF FORT MO IIENIIY. 

Last, but by no means least in size, and certainly not least in in- 
terest from the associations which cluster around it, is the flag 
canopied over you, the flag of Port McIIenry, worn during its 
bombardment by the British on the 13th and 14th of September, 
1814, "whose broad stripes and bright stars" which age has left 
undimmed, when " seen by dawn's early light " on that memorable 
morning, inspired the words of our national song, " The star-spangled 
banner." After the lapse of sixty years its colors, as you see them, 
are so bright it would seem as if, in the words of another of our 
songs, " all its hues were born in heaven." 

The size of the garrison flags of our forts at this time, as estab- 
lished by the army regulations, is thirty-six feet fly and twenty feet 
hoist. The flag of Port McIIenry, as you here sec it, is thirty-two 
feet long, by twenty-nine wide. Probably it was originally thirty- 
six feet, perhaps forty feet, in length, — and its greater width is 
due to its having fifteen stripes, instead of thirteen. It has, or 

1 Since the reading of this paper, I have received the following account of this transaction 
in the autograph of Mr. Tappan. 

" Cambridge, Mass., Sept. 9, 1373. 

'• At the commencement of our war with Great Britain in 1813, the United States had but 
few if any factories for the manufacture of woolen cloths and blankets, and the soldiers were 
clad in British cloths and slept under British blankets. It was understood no captures 
would be made of British goods owned by citizens of the United States, and many American 
merchants imported, via Halifax and St. John's, N. B., their usual stock of goods. In 1813 
I went with others in the 'Swedish' brig Margaretta to St. John's, N. B., and filled her 
with British goods, intending to take them to Bath, Maine, and enter them regularly and 
pay the lawful duties thereon. All we had to fear was American privateers; arid we hired 
Capt. Blyth, of II. B. M. Brig Boxer, to convoy us to the mouth of the Kennebec river, for 
which service we gave him a bill of exchange on London for £100. We sailed iu company, 
and in a thick fog, off Quoddy Head, the Boxer took us in tow. It was agreed that when 
we were about to enter the mouth of the river two or three guns should be fired over us, to 
have the appearance of trying to stop us, should any idle folks be looking on. Capt. Bur- 
rows, in the U S. Brig Enterprise, lay in Portland harbor, and hearing the guns got under- 
way, and as is well known captured the Boxer, after a severe engagement, in which both 
captains were killed. Our bill of exchange we thought might in some way cause us trouble, 
and we employed Esquire K. to take 500 specie dollars on board the captured ship and ex- 
change them for the paper, which was found in Capt. Blyth's breeches pocket. 

" Capt. Preble. Yours respectfully, 

Chas. Tappan." 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 33 

rather had, fifteen stars, eaeli two feet from point to point. You 
will observe that the stars are arranged in five indented parallel lines, 
three stars in each horizontal line, and that the union rests on the 
ninth, which is a red stripe, instead of the eighth, as in our present 
flag, which is a white stripe. 

You may perhaps recollect great excitement was caused in New- 
Orleans, at the commencement of our late civil war, in conse- 
quence of the displaying of a flag, by the ship Adelaide Bell, of 
New-Hampshire, from her mast-head, in which the union rested on 
a red stripe, and which the mob decided was "a black repub- 
lican flag." The flag was hauled down, the vigilance committee 
persisting in the assertion that such a flag was known " as the flag of 
the northern republican states ;" yet all the flags worn during the 
war of 1812-14, and in fact from 1794 to 1818, were so arranged. 

In order to show it to you, and for the purpose of having its frail 
threads photographed, I have had the flag stitched upon canvass. It 
was my intention to have had it hoisted on the navy-yard flagstaff, and 
to have craved for it a national salute ; but time has so weakened its 
fabric that it cannot be trusted "to stand even such light, fitful 
breezes, as those which half-concealed and half-disclosed its beauties 
in 1811. 

The venerable Mr. INI. J. Cohen, of Baltimore, who believes him- 
self to be the only surviving member of Nicholson's Company of 
Fcncibles, — which mustered on the morning of the bombardment, 
(by count) one hundred and ten strong, and was stationed in the 
"star fort," the centre of the fortress where this flag was, — informs 
me that the flag was erected on a high mast not far from the bastion, 
and that he has a distinct recollection that one whole bombshell 
passed through it, and it was likewise torn by several pieces of an- 
other, lie recollects the flag as a very large one ; but has only seen 
it once since, when in the possession of Mr. C. Hugh Armistead, a 
brother of Mrs. Applcton, its present owner. 

There can be no doubt regarding the authenticity of this flag. It 
was preserved by Col. Armistead, and bears upon one of its stripes 
his name and the date of the bombardment in his own handwriting. 
It has always remained in his family, and his widow at her death 
bequeathed it to their youngest daughter, Mrs. William Stuart Applc- 
ton, who was born in Fort McHenry under its folds, some years after 
the bombardment. Mrs. Appleton, with whose presence we arc 
favored to-day, and to whose kindness I am indebted for being able 
to show you this flag, informs me that it is connected with her earliest 
recollections, and that she has frequently seen it borne away with 
military honors to play its recognized part in some pageant or cele- 
bration of the 13th and 14th of September. The occasion that most 
impressed her was when it was used to adorn the tent in which 
Lafayette was entertained at Fort McHenry. The other most noted 
object in the marquee (which she thinks had once belonged to Wash- 



34 Three Historic Flags arid Three Victories. [Jan. 

ington) was the large silver vase presented to her father by the 
citizens of Baltimore for his successful defence of Fort McIIenry. 
Mrs. Appleton was named Georgiana, for her father, and the flag was 
hoisted on its staff in honor of her birth. 

THE BOMBARDMENT OF FORT MC HENRY. 

On the night of Saturday, the 10th of September, IS 14, the 
British fleet, consisting of ships of the line, heavy frigates and bomb 
vessels, amounting in all to thirty sail, appeared at the mouth of the 
Patapsco, with every indication of an attempt upon the city of Balti- 
more. The total force, regulars and volunteers, for the defence of 
Fort McIIenry, under the command of Lieut. Col. George Armis- 
tead, U.S.A., 1 a young man thirty-four years of age, amounted in 
all to about one thousand men. 

On Monday morning, the 12th, the enemy commenced landing 
troops on the east side of the Patapsco, about ten miles from the fort, 
and during the day and ensuing night brought sixteen vessels, five 
of which were bomb-vessels, within about two-and-a-half miles of 
the fort. 2 

About sunrise, Tuesday morning (the 13th) , the enemy's five bomb 
vessels, at the distance of about two miles, opened their fire, and kept 
up an incessant and well-directed bombardment, which was imme- 
diately returned by our batteries, whose shot and shell unfortunately 
fell considerably short of the assailants. This left the defenders of 
the fort exposed to a constant and tremendous shower of shell, 
without the remotest possibility of doing him the slightest injury. 
Though thus exposed and perforce inactive, Col. Armistcad in his 
report says : "Not a man shrank from the conflict." 

About two, P.M., a lieutenant was killed, several were wounded, 
and a twenty-four pounder dismounted by one of the enemy's shells. 
Noticing the bustle necessarily produced in removing the wounded 
and in replacing the gun, the enemy, suspecting the garrison was in 
a state of confusion, brought his bomb-vessels up nearer, and into 

1 George Armistead was born in New-Market, Co. Carolina, Virginia, on the 10th of April, 
1780. He entered the army as a 2d lieut. Jan. 8, 1799. He rose to the rank of major of t lie 
Third Artillery in 1813 ; was distinguished at the eapturc of Fort George, in May, 1813, 
and was breveted lieut. colonel for his gcdlantry. He had five brothers in the army (hiring 
the " war of 1812 : " three in the regular service, and two in the militia. The sense of re- 
sponsibility, and the tax upon his nervous system during the bombardment, left him with a 
disease of the heart, which caused his death at the age of 38 years. The ancestors of his 
family came from Hesse d'Armstadt. 

2 Sir Alex. Cochrane, in his despatch to the secretary of the admiralty, dated Sept. 17, 
1814, says: " So soon as the army moved forward, I hoisted my flag on the Surprise, and 
with the remainder of the frigates, bomb-sloops and the rocket-ship, passed further up the 
river. * * * At daybreak the next morning (13th), the bombs, having taken their sta- 
tions within shell-range, supported by the Surprise, with the other frigates and sloops, opened 
their lire upon the fort that protected the harbor." 

Allen, in his " Battles of the British Navy," says : Vice AdmM Cochranc's flag ship was 
the Royal Oak. He docs not mention the Minden, but says the frigates Severn, Enryalus, 
llavannah, and five mortar-ships, and the Erebus rocket ship, Capt. I). E. Bartholomew, 
were appointed to proceed up the river to attack Fort McIIenry and other contiguous bat- 
teries. The live mortar-vessels were the Meteor, Etna, Terror, Volcano, and Devastation, 
commanded by Capts. Saml. Roberts, Richard Kenah, John Sheridan, David Price, and 
Thomas Alexander. 



■V 711399 

1874.] Three Historic Flags and {Three Victories. 35 

what Col. Armistead thought good striking distance. lie therefore 
re-opened his fire upon them with such effect that in half an hour 
they were forced to retire beyond the range of the guns of Fort 
McIIenry, when with three cheers he again ceased firing. The 
enemy continued, with slight intermission, throwing shells until one 
o'clock Wednesday morning, the 14th, when it was discovered that 
he had availed himself of the darkness of the night, and had thrown 
a considerable force above and to the right of Fort McIIenry, threat- 
ening Fort Covington. As they approached that fort, they began to 
throw rockets, probably to enable them to examine the shores. 

" By the rocket's red glare and bombs bursting in air, 
We saw through the night, that our flag was still there." 

The force landed consisted of 1250 men, 1 who were provided with 
scaling ladders for the purpose of storming the fort. This force 
being within range, our batteries opened fire upon it as soon as dis- 
covered, and after a continual blaze of nearly two hours succeeded 
in driving it off. 

Col. Armistead, in his official despatch, states that Lieut. Newcombe 2 
of the United States Navy, who commanded Fort Covington with a 
detachment of sailors, and Lieut A\ r ebstcr 3 of the flotilla, who com- 
manded a six-gun battery near that fort, kept up during this time an 
animated and destructive fire, to which he was persuaded he was 
much indebted for repulsing the enemy. The only means our men 
had of directing their guns, was by the blaze of the enemy's rockets 
and the Hashes of their guns. The bombardment continued on the 
part of the enemy until 7, A. INI., when it ceased, and about 9, A.M., 
their ships got underway and stood down the river repulsed. 

During the bombardment, which was continued for twenty-five 
hours, with only two slight intermissions, Col. Armistead calculated 
that from 1500 to 1800 shells were thrown by the enemy, a few 
of which fell short ; a large proportion burst over the fort, throwing 
then* fragments among its defenders, and threatening destruction; 

1 Gen. Smith, in his report dated Sept. 14th, says that two or three rocket-vessels and 
barges succeeded in getting up the ferry-branch, and that the forts destroyed one of tlio 
barges. 

Col. Armistead states in his report, Sept. 24th, that in the darkness the enemy threw a 
considerable force above to the right, which he has since understood consisted of 12.50 
picked men, provided with scaling ladders. Lossing and other historical writers have ac- 
cepted 1250 <is the force landed ; but Allen, in his "Battles of the British Navy," probably 
on the authority of the English official despatches, says: "At night a division of twenty 
boats was despatched up the ferry-branch to cause a diversion in favor of a projected assault 
upon the enemy's camp; but in consequence of the extreme darkness of the night, tlio 
boats separated, and eleven returned to the ships. The remaining nine boats, containing 
128 officers and men, under Capt. [Charles] Napier, passed up the river some distance above 
Fort McIIenry, and opened a lire of rockets and musketry ; but Capt. Napier, not having 
his whole party, refrained from landing. A body of troops was quickly drawn to the spot, 
and Capt. N. having thus effected the principal object intended, returned down the river. 
When abreast of the fort, one of the officers unadvisedly discharged a rocket, and a heavy 
fire was instantly opened upon the boats, but which fortunately killed no more than one of 
the party." 

2 Lieut. H. S. Newcombc, born in New-Hampshire, was appointed a midshipman Jan. 
16, 1809; promoted a lieut. July 24, 1813, and drowned while attached to the Mediterranean 
squadron, Nov. 1, 1825. 

3 Father of Capt. Webster, now of the U. S. Revenue Service. 



36 Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. [Jan. 

while many passed over, and about 400 fell within the works. Yet 
the loss amounted to only four men killed, and twenty-four wounded. 
Among the killed were Lieut Clagget and Sergeant Cleinm, of 
Nicholson's volunteers, whose loss was deplored not only for their 
personal bravery, but for their high standing, amiable demeanor, and 
spotless integrity in private life. 

The prowess of Col. Armistead and his little band in defending 
Fort McITcnry, was the theme of praise upon every lip. The grate- 
ful citizens of Baltimore presented him with a costly and appropri- 
ate testimonial of their appreciation of his services, in the shape of 
an elegant silver punch-bowl, in the form and of the size of the 
largest bombshell thrown into the. fort by the British; the ladle in 
the form of a shrapnell shell. The body of the bowl rests upon four 
eagles with outstretched wings. Upon one side is an engraving 
representing the bombardment, surrounded by military trophies. 
On the other is the inscription. There were also a dozen silver 
goblets representing powder barrels. The whole service was sus- 
tained by an elegant and massive silver salver. lie was also voted a 
sword by his native state, Virginia, which after his death was deli- 
vered to his son, Christopher Hughes Armistead, now a resident of 
Baltimore. A marble monument was also erected to his memory, on 
which is inscribed : — " Colonel George Armistead, in honor of 
whom this Monument is erected, was the gallant defen- 
der of Fort McIIenry during the Bombardment of the 
British Fleet, Sept. 13, 1814. He died, universally es- 
teemed AND REGRETTED, APRIL 25, 1818, AGED 39." 

I am informed by Mrs. Applcton that her father had orders from 
the general, commanding in Baltimore, to surrender the fort, as he 
considered it unable to make a successful resistance, the magazines 
not being bomb-proof. 1 Like Kelson at Copenhagen, who turned a 
blind eye to his orders, he defended the fort, witli the prospect of a 
court-martial should the enemy's attack prove successful. Of course, 
none was thought of after his brilliant success. Such was the scene 
over which this flag waved when it inspired Francis Scott Key to 
compose our national song. 

" The scene which he describes and the warm spirit of patriotism 
which breathes in the song," says his brother-in-law, Chief-Justice 
Taney, "were not the offspring of mere fancy, or poetic imagination. 
He describes what he actually saw, and he tells us what he felt while 
witnessing the conflict, and what he felt when the battle was over, 
and the victory won by his countrymen. Every word came warm 
from his heart, and for that reason, even more than its poetical merit, 
it never fails to find response in the hearts of those who listen to it." 

The song was first published in the Baltimore American of Sep- 
tember 21, 1814, the week after the battle, with these prefatory 
remarks : " This song was composed under the following circumstances. 

1 A shell fell iuto the magazine, but fortunately did not explode. 



1874.] Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. 37 

A gentleman had left Baltimore In a flag of truce, for the purpose 
of getting released from the British fleet a friend of his who 
had been captured at Marlborough. 1 He went as far as the 
mouth of the Patuxent, and was not permitted to return lest the 
intended attack on Baltimore should be disclosed. He was therefore 
brought up the bay to the mouth of the Patapsco where the flag- 
vessel was kept under the guns of a frigate [the Surprise] , and 
was compelled to witness the bombardment of Fort Mclienry, which 
the admiral had boasted he would carry in a few hours. He 
watched the flag at the fort through the whole day, with an anxiety 
that can be better felt than described, until the night prevented him 
from seeing it. In the night he watched the bombshells, and at early 
dawn his eye was again greeted by the proudly waving flag of his 
country." 

A writer in the Historical Record, for January, 1873, says it was 
while pacing the deck of the Minden, between midnight and dawn, 
that Key composed this song ; and the Minden has generally been 
credited with having been the vessel on board of which it was com- 
posed. From 1854 to 1859, being no more fit for the sea, the 
Minden 74 was anchored in Hong Kong as a hospital ship, where 
she was finally broken up, when her timbers became anxiously 
sought after by patriotic Americans, to be manufactured into 
relics. It was, however, on board Key's own vessel that the song 
was written. 

Judge Taney, whose information was derived from Mr. Key him- 
self, in a letter introductory to Key's poems, furnishes the following 
narrative regarding its composition : — ''Admiral Cochrane, with whom 
Key dined on the day of his arrival at the fleet, apologized for not 
accommodating him on board his own ship [The Royal Oak] during 
this detention, saying it was already crowded with officers of the 
army, but that he and his friend, Mr. Skinner, would be well taken 
care of on board the frigate Surprise, commanded by his son, Sir 
Thomas Cochrane, to which frigate they were accordingly transferred. 
Mr. Key and Mr. Skinner continued on board the Surprise until the 
fleet reached the Patapsco and preparations were making for landing 
the troops. Admiral Cochrane then shifted his flag to the frigate, 
that he might be able to move further up the river, and superintend 
in person the attack by water on the fort, and Mr. Key and Mr. 
Skinner were sent on board their own vessel, with a guard of sailors 
and marines to prevent them from landing. They were permitted 

1 Dr. Beancs, a leading physician of upper Marlborough, the intimate friend of Mr. 
Key, whose house had been the quarters of Admiral Coekburn and some of the principal 
officers of the army when the British troops camped at Marlborough, on their march to 
Washington. 

In a letter to his mother (now in the possession of F.M. Etting, Esq., of Philadelphia), 
under date, Georgetown, 2d September, 1814, Key writes: "I am going in the morning 
to Baltimore, to proceed in a flag vessel to Gen/ Ross. Old Doet. Beaues, of Marlboro', 
is taken prisoner by the enemy, who threaten to carry him oil". Some of his friends have 
urged me to apply "for a flag ;o go and try to procure his release. 1 hope to return in about 
8 or 10 days, though it is uncertain, as I do not know where to find the licet." 

VOL. XXVIII. 4: 



38 Three Historic Flags and Three Victories. [Jan. 

to take Doct. Beanes with them, and thought themselves fortu- 
nate in being anchored in a position to enable them to see distinctly 
the flag of Fort McIIeniy, from the deck of the vessel. Mr. Key, 
with much animation, described [to Judge Taney] the scene on 
the night of the bombardment. He and Mr. Skinner remained 
on deck during the night, watching every shell from the moment it 
was fired until it fell, listening with breathless interest to hear if an 
explosion followed. But it suddenly ceased before day, and as they 
had no communication with any of the enemy's ships they did not 
know whether the fort had surrendered or the attack been abandoned. 
They paced the deck for the remainder of the night in painful sus- 
pense, watching with intense anxiety for the return of day, and look- 
ing every few minutes at their watches to see how long they must 
wait for it ; and as soon as it dawned, and before it was light enough 
to see objects at a distance, their glasses were turned to the fort, un- 
certain whether they should sec there the stars and stripes or the flag 
of the enemy. At length the light came, and they saw that our ff Hag 
was still there." And as the day advanced, they discovered, from the 
movement of the boats between the shore and the fleet, that the 
troops had been roughly handled, and that many wounded men were 
carried to the ships. At length Mr. Key was informed that the at- 
tack on Baltimore had failed, and the British army was rc-cmbarking, 
and that he, Mr. Skinner, and Doct. Beanes, would be permitted 
to leave the fleet and go where they pleased, as soon as the troops 
were on board and ready to sail. 

" Mr. Key then told me [continues Judge Taney] that under the 
excitement of the time he had written a song, and handed me a print- 
ed copy of * The Star-Spangled Banner.' When I had read it and 
expressed my admiration, I asked him how he found time, in the 
scenes he had been passing through, to compose such a song? He 
said he commenced it on the deck of his vessel, in the furor of the 
moment when he saw the enemy hastily retreating to their ships, and 
looked at the flag he had watched for so anxiously as the morning 
opened ; that he had written some lines or brief notes that would aid 
him in calling them to mind upon the back of a letter which he hap- 
pened to have in his pocket ; and for some of the lines as he proceed- 
ed he was obliged to rely altogether on his memory ; and that he 
finished it in. the boat on his way to the shore, and wrote it out, as it 
now stands, at the hotel, on the night he reached Baltimore, and im- 
mediately after he arrived. The next morning he took it to Judge 
Nicholson 1 to ask him what he thought of it, and he was so much 
pleased with it that he immediately sent it to the printer, and directed 
copies to be struck off in hand-bill form. In less than an hour after 
it was placed in the hands of the printer it was all over the town, and 

1 Judge N. nnd Mr. Key were nearly connected by marriage, their wives being sisters. 
Though the chief-justice of Baltimore, and one of the judges of the Court of Appeals of 
Maryland, he as a volunteer commanded a company in the fort at the bombardineut. 



1874.] Three Historic Flcxgs and} Three Victories. 39 

hailed with enthusiasm, and at once took its place as a national 
song." 

The words on this broadside were enclosed in an elliptical border 
composed of the common type ornaments of the day. Around that 
border, and a little distance from it, on a line of the same form are the 
words : " Bombardment of Fort McIIenhy." The letters of these 
words are wide apart, and each one surrounded by a circle of stars. 
Below the song, and within the ellipsis, are the words : " Written by 
Francis S. Key, of Georgetown, D. C." 

The Baltimore American, in 1872, on the anniversary of the 
battle of North Point, republished the song, and said : " \\ r c have 
placed at the head of this article, this now immortal song, just as 
it saw the light fifty-eight years ago. The poet, Francis fecott Kcj r , 
was too modest to announce himself, and it was not for some time 
after its first appearance that he became known as the author. It 
was brought to Baltimore and first given to the publishers of the 
American by John S. Skinner, Esq., who had been appointed by 
President Madison to conduct some negotiations with the British 
force relative to the exchange of prisoners. It was in this way that 
Mr. Skinner chanced to meet Mr. Key on the flag-of-truee boat, 
and obtained from him the song." Samuel Sands, the printer-boy, 
who put the song in type in the office of the American, still lives, 
and is the well-known and respected editor of the American Farmer. 

The Star-spangled Banner was first sung, 1 according to one account, 
in a small one-story frame house next the Holiday Street Theatre, 
occupied as a tavern, a house "where players most did congregate." 
A correspondent of the Historical Magazine, however, who says 
he was one of the group, asserts that it was first sung by his brother, 
and about twenty volunteer soldiers, who joined in the chorus in 
front of the Holiday Street Theatre.* It is certain that it was soon 
heard within that ancient edifice, where it was received with unbound- 
ed enthusiasm. 

Several copies of the song, in the autograph of the author, differ- 
ing more or less from the first published and common version, are 
known to be in existence. One of these is in the possession of Mrs. 
Charles Howard, of Baltimore, a daughter of the author ; another 
was presented by Mr. Key, in 1842, to Gen. George Keim, and is 
now in the possession of his son, Henry May Keim, Esq., of Bead- 
ing, Penn. ; a third, which he presented June 7, 1842, to James 
Mahar, who for many years was the gardener of the executive man- 

1 The song was sung to the tunc of "Anncreon in Heaven," an interesting history of 
which can be found in the Hon. Stephen Salisbury's " Essay on the Star-Spangled Banner 
and National Songs," read before the American Antiquarian Society and since published in 
pamphlet form, with a version of " To Anacreon in Heaven," and Robert Treat Paine's 
song, " Adams and Liberty," which was sung to the same tune in 1798. 

Alexander 11. Everett wrote an otic for the Russian festival in Boston, March 2-5, 1813, which 
was sung to the same tune, and a recent writer in the Historical Record thinks it probable 
that the metre of Everett's ode was in the mind of Key when he composed the " S tar- 
Spangled Banner." 

2 The Holiday Street Theatre has been destroyed by tire since this paper was written. 



40 Three Historic Flags arkl Three Victories. [Jan. 

sion in Washington, was exhibited in 1843, after Mr. Key's death, 
in the window of a bookstore on Pennsylvania Avenue, with a cer- 
tificate to the identity of the handwriting signed by Judge Dunlap, 
Peter Force, Esq., and other gentlemen who were intimately acquaint- 
ed with Mr. Key, and perfectly familiar with his style of penman- 
ship. 

A fac-siinile of the MS. copy in the possession of Mrs. Howard 
was published in "-Autograph Leaves of our Country's Authors," 
edited by John P. Kennedy and Alexander Bliss for the benefit of 
the sanitary fair held in Baltimore in 1SG4. The first verse of that 
version of the song is given in fac-simile in Lossing's "Field-Boole 
of the War of 1812." I have a photographic copy of the autograph 
in the possession of Mr. Keim. 1 The National Intelligencer printed 
the version given to Mr. Mahar. These three autograph-copies, 
written out by Mr. Key, a few months before his death, are alike in 
all respects, and therefore may be considered as embodying the au- 
thor's matured conception of the song. 

The following is his revised version, from the autograph in the 
possession of Mr. Keim, to which I have appended notes showing its 
variations from other versions : 

say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, 

VV hat so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming, 
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the clouds of the fight, 2 
O'er the ramparts we watched, were bo gallantly streaming? 
And the rocket's red glare, the bomb-bursting in air, 
Gave proof through the night that our (lag was still there. 
pay, does that star-spangled banner yet wave 
O'er the land of the tree & the home of the brave? 

On that shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep, 
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, 
What is that, winch the breeze, o'er the towering steep 
As it fitfully blows, half 3 conceals, hull' 3 discloses? 
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam 
In full glory reflected, now shines in 4 the stream. 
'Tis the star-spangled banner, ! Ions; may it wave 
O'er the land of the free & the home of the brave ! 

And where are the foes that 6 so vauntingly swore 

That 6 the havoc of Avar & the battle's confusion, 
A home and a country should should 7 leave us no more? 

Their 8 blood has wash'dout their 8 foul footstep's pollution. 

1 In " The History of Our Flag," I have stated, on the authority of a correspondent of 
one of the historical magazines, that the original draft, with its erasures. &c, was purchased 
by Gen. Geo. Keim, of Reading, and is probably in the possession of his heirs. The pho- 
tograph in my possession shows that it is a fair cony, written out by Mr. Key, and I learn 
from Gen. Keim's son that the autograph was presented to his father by Mr. Key. 

a " Perilous fight" — Griswold, Dana, Boys' Banner Book, Salisbury, Common versions. 

J " Now " — Dana, Salisbury, Key's Poems. 

4 n o'er " — Several versions ; "On " — Mahar's autograph, Salisbury ; " In " — Bait. Am. 
1S14. 

5 " Band who" — Griswold. Dana, Banner Book, Salisbury, Bait. Am. 1814. 
c "Mid"— Griswold, Dana; " That"— Salisbury, Bait. Am. 1814. 

7 "They'd" — Griswold; " Should" — Halt. Am. 1814, Salisbury, Common versions. 

6 "This" "his" — Mahar's copy. The National Intelligencer says: "lie heard the 
vaunting boast of British officers that the fort would be reduced in a brief period after the 
a f oiek, and that circumstance explains the use of the pronouns in the singular number." 
All the other versions I have seen have it ' their,' * their,' as in the text above. 



3874.] Three Historic Flags and TJvree Victories. 41 

No refuge could save the hireling & slave, 

From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave, 
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave 
O'er the land of the free & the home of the brave. 

thus be it ever ! when freemen 1 shall stand 

Between their 2 lov'd homes & the war's desolation. 
Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n rescued land 
Praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation. 
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, 
And this be our motto, In God is our trust. 
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave 
O'er the land of the free & the home of the brave. 
To Gen. Keim. F. S. Key. 

I have endeavored, as briefly as is consistent with my subject, to 
narrate the history of these flags. Since the "new constellation" 
shone over that moonlight fight in 1779, it has trebled its lustre by 
the addition of new stars, and attained a pre-eminence in the poli- 
tical firmament undreamed of at its birth. It rose to herald a 
new nation of less than four millions of people, but within the first 
century of its existence it protects neath its galaxy almost ten times 
that number. By a happy inspiration the chosen symbol of a group 
of states clustered upon the Atlantic slope, it is now the sovereign 
emblem of a people whose dominion extends to the Pacific ocean. 
Confined to no latitude or longitude, it gleams over all seas, and 
every where is known and hailed as The American Flag. 

" What memories for the breast that own 
One fibre of the common heart ! 
What whispered warnings in the tone 
Which from its blazoned bunting start ! 

" Follow its track across the sens 

Northward, till midnight kisses mora, 
Fling it abroad upon the breeze 

Beneath the burning zodiac born : 
And while its sheltering folds expand 

Above thee — sleep ! devoid of fear, 
It is the symbol of a land 

Which balances a hemisphere." 3 

1 "Freemen" — Grisicold, Banner Book, Salisbury, Bait. Am. 1S14; "Foemen" — Dana. 

2 " Our" — Griswold, Dana, Bait. Am., Common versions ; " Their " — Salisbury. 

3 Column's " Knightly Heart and other Poems." 



Bowdoin, William. [The following obituary notice is taken from the 
Gentleman's Magazine for Nov., 1747. — Editor.] 

"Sept. 4 th , t)y'd at Boston in New-England W m . Bowdine, Esq.; 
worth one million of their currency ; he left 2 sons, and 3 daughters ; to 
the former 150,000/. each; to the other 100,000/. each, and 20,000/. to 
charitable uses." 

VOL. XXVIII. 4* 



42 The Swedish and JSTew^E iigland Colonies. [Jan. 



THE SWEDES ON THE DELAWARE AND THEIR 
INTERCOURSE WITH NEW-ENGLAND. 

A paper read before the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, June, 1S73. 
By Fuederic Kidder, Esq., of Melrose, Mass. 
I. 

DIFFICULT Y BETWEEN THE SWEDISH AND NEW-HAVEN COLONIES. 

MONO the nations who engaged in the colonization of North 
America were the Swedes, who, as early as 1638, made 
settlements on the Delaware, on territory now forming part of the 
present states of Pennsylvania, Delaware and New-Jersey. Their 
first locality was on Christina Creek, near the site of the present city 
of Wilmington. As they had no grant of land, and only a charter 
from their king, they made a purchase from the Indians, on which 
they relied for their title. They called their settlement New-Sweden. 

At first they encountered some opposition from the Dutch, who 
had preceded them; but, in 1(j42, the government of New-Sweden 
had substantially the control of this territory, and John Printz, who 
had recently come out from Sweden, was governor. He established 
his scat of government on the island of Tinnaconk, since called 
Tinicum, now in the county of Delaware, Penn., being the earliest 
permanent European settlement in that state. Here he built his resi- 
dence, and a fort of logs, which protected his colony and closed the 
navigation of the river against foreign vessels. 

As the materials for the history of this colony, and particularly of 
its relations to the people of New-England, are exceedingly meagre, 
any newly discovered matter which may elucidate it becomes impor- 
tant, and for this purpose some original papers, which have never 
been published, arc now brought forward for your consideration, 
with explanatory selections from writers of that period. 

Some time in the year 1G40, Capt. Nathaniel Turner, as the 
aixent of the New-IIaven colonv, is said to have made a lanre 
purchase of land on both sides of Delaware bay or river. In the 
following spring, a bark or ketch was fitted out at New-IIaven by 
George Lamberton, a principal merchant there, and despatched to 
the Delaware, under command of Robert Cogswell. She stopped at 
Manhattan, where the Dutch governor cautioned Cogswell against 
making a settlement on the Delaware, which they claimed as within 
their territory, unless they would acknowledge the States-General 
and swear allegiance to them. Cogswell assured them they did not 
intend to intrude on any part of their territory, and if they found no 



1874,] The Swedish and J¥eio-Un gland Colonies. 43 

land free from any claims, they would return or acknowledge 
allegiance to the Dutch government ; and so lie was allowed to 
proceed. When they had arrived there they purchased land on both 
sides of the bay and river, and settled two colonies, with facilities 
for trade with the Indians ; one on the Schuylkill, and the other 
near where is now Salem, N. J. During that year the general 
court of A r ew-IIavcn resolved that the plantations in the Delaware 
should be in combination with that town, and authorized Capt. 
Turner to occupy them. 1 

1642, May 22. "The party which Lamberton had sent the 
previous summer from New-Haven to the South River, having, in 
violation of their pledge, established themselves upon Dutch terri- 
tory c without any commission of a potentate,' Kief't, on finding how 
lie had been cajoled, determined c to drive these English thence in the 
best manner possible.' The yachts Real and St. Martin were 
therefore dispatched to Jansen, the commissary at Fort Nassau, 3 who 
was instructed to visit the intruders and ' compel them to depart 
directly in peace.' Their personal property was not to be injured; 
but the commissary was to r remain master,' and f above all ' to 
e maintain the reputation of their High Mightinesses and the noble 
directors of the A Vest India company.' " 

" Jansen executed his orders promptly. The settlement on the 
Schuylkill was broken up at once. That on the Varkcns' Kill, or 
Salem Creek, was next visited, and with the hearty co-operation of 
the Swedes, who had agreed with Kieft to r keep out the English,' the 
intruders were expelled * * * * and sent back to New-Haven." 
Lamberton persisted in trading at the South river, but was arrested 
at Manhattan, and compelled to pay duties on his -cargo. 3 From 
these and other causes much difficulty occurred between the Dutch 
and the New-Haven colony. 

Winthrop, in September, 1643, says: — ''Other affairs were 
transacted by the commissioners of the United Colonies, as writing 
letters to the Swedish governor in Delaware river, concerning the 
foul injuries offered by him to Mr. Lamberton, and those people 
whom New-Haven had planted there, and also to the Dutch governor 
about the injuries his agent there had also offered and done to them, 
as burning down their trading house, joining with the Swedes against 
them, &c. But this was inserted in the letter which the general court 
sent to him in further answer of that which he sent to them as is ex- 
pressed here before. * * * 

"And we gave also commission to Mr. Lamberton to go treat with 
the Swedish governor about satisfaction for those injuries and damages, 

1 Brodhcad's History of New- York, i. 321. 

2 There was a Fort Nassau near Albany ; afterward the Dutch had a fort of the same 
name on the Delaware, tlie location of which is difficult to determine. It was on the New- 
Jersey side, opposite Tinnaconk, but higher up the river. See a paper on " The History and 
Location of Fort Nassau on the Delaware," read by Edward Armstrong before the New- 
Jersey Historical Society, Jan. 20, 1853, and printed in its " Proceedings," vi. 187-207. 

3 Brodhcad's History of New-York, i. 337. 



44 The Swedish and New-England Colonies. [Jan. 

and to agree with him about settling their trade and plantation. This 
Swedish governor demeaned himself as if he had neither christian nor 
moral conscience, getting Mr. Lamberton into his power by feigned 
and false pretences, and keeping him prisoner, and some of his men 
laboring by promises and threats to draw them to accuse him to have 
conspired with the Indians to cut off the Swedes and Dutch, and not 
prevailing these ways then by attempting to make them drunk, that 
so he might draw something from them, and in the end (though he 
could gain no testimony), yet he forced him to pay [blank] weight of 
beaver before he would set him at liberty. lie is also a man very 
furious and passionate, cursing and swearing, and also reviling the 
English of New-IIaven as runagates, etc., and himself, with his own 
hands, put irons on one of Mr. Lamberton's men, and went also to 
the houses of those few families planted there, and forced some of them 
to SAvear allegiance to the crown of Sweden, though he bad no color 
of title to that place, and such as would not, he drave away, etc. 
All these tilings were clearly proved by Mr. Lamberton's relation and 
by other testimony upon oath, but this was before he was sent with 
commission." 1 

In the spring of 1644 (1643. 1. 7), AVinthrop writes : "At this 
court came letters from New-Haven, and withal an answer from the 
Swedes and Dutch to the letters of the commissioners of the Union 
sent in the 7th month last. The Dutch still maintained their right 
to the land at Hartford and their complaint of injuries. The Swedes 
denied what they had been charged with, and sent copies of divers 
examinations upon oath taken in the cause, with a copy of all the 
proceedings between them and our friends of New-IIavcn from the 
first ; and in their letters used large expessions of their respect to the 
English, and particularly to our colony. And Mr. Eaton desired a 
copy of our patent to show the Swedish governor (at his request) and 
a new commission from the commissioners of the Union, allowing them 
to go on with their plantation and trade in Delaware lliver and Bay." 2 

The records of the Commissioners of the United Colonics, Sept. 
19, 1643, contains the following entry concerning this matter : — 

" Vpon informacon and complaynt made by M 1 " Eaton and M r Greg- 
son to the comissioners of sondry injuries and outrages they haue 
recciucd both from the Dutch and Sweads both at Delaware Bay and 
clswhere the p'ticulers w'h their proofes being duly considered. It 
was ai>Tccd and ordered That a l're be written to the Sweadish 
Gou'nor expressing the p'ticulers and requircing satisfaction w c h l're 
is to be vndcrwritten by John Winthrop Esq r . as Gou'n* of the Mas- 
sachusetts and President of the Commissioners for the vnited Colonics 
of New-England. And whereas the Dutch Gou'nor wrote to the 
Gou'nor and gen'all Court of the Massachusetts complayncing against 

1 Journal (Savage's 2d cd.) ii. 1G9-70. Sec also the " Acts of the Commissioners of the 
United Colonies," Sept., 1G13, Plymouth Colony Records, ix. 13. 

2 Winthrop's Journal, ii. 189. 



1874.] The Swedish and JSTew-En gland Colonies. 45 

Hartford as by his Pre dated the xx'h of July last appcarcs vnto w c h 
M' Winthrop in p't answered the second of August referring to the 
Gen'all Court for the Massachusetts and to this meeting of the 
Coniission's for a further & full answere, It was thought fitt that in 
that answere the wrongs donn both to Hartford and j\cw-llaven be 
expressed requireing answere to the p'ticulars : and p'fessing that as 
wee will not wrong others, so we may not desert our Confederates in 
any just cause." 1 

The following is a copy in English of one of the examinations 2 re- 
ferred to by Winthrop. The original translation is in my possession. 

" Translated out of the duch copy. 
"Anno 1G44 Jan 16. 
The vnder written examination was vpon the letters of the governor 

of Ncw-england to the governour of New Sweden, it was taken vpon 

oath in the p'sence of 

Capitaine Christian Boy 3 The Governo r John Printz 

Coniis Ilendrick lluygen 3 Capitaine Turner 

Capitaine Mons Clinge • M r Isaack Alerton 

Wachtmeister Gregory Von Dyck 3 Secretary Carl Janssen 
Questio 1. The governour asked the English if he had done the 

any iniustice. They answered noe. 

Quest. 2. The governour asked them if he had drove tlie English 

fro hence & would have driven them from their Goods & plantation. 

they answered Noe. 

1 Plymouth Colony Records, ix. 13. 

2 This examination was, no doubt, made to satisfy the English, and probably took place 
in the Swedish fort then called Fort Gottenburg. The members of this, probably the first, 
Mixed Commission ever convened on this continent, were selected from the Swedish, 
Dutch and English nations. Brief notices of the members are here given: 

John Printz came over with the second colony and lauded at Christina in 1642, bringing 
a commission from Christina queen of Sweden, as governor of New-Sweden. He seems 
to have hecn a man of ability and energy. — See Hazard's Annals of Penn, 

Capt. Nathaniel Turner came in 1630, requested admission as freeman of Massachusetts in 
Oct. of that year, and was sworn, in July 3, 1632 ; constable in 1632, deputy 1631-1636; 
went against' the Pequots in 1637; removed in 1638 to New-Haven, and was a free- 
man there in 1639; in 1640, one of the purchasers of Stamford ; in 1641 appointed superin- 
tendent of the colony interest on the Delaware and permitted to go there ; in January, 1646, 
sailed with Capt. Lamberton, Mr. Grcgson and others for London, but never heard from 
afterward ; a man of enterprise and public spirit. One of his daughters married Thomas Yale. 

Isaac Allcrton, one of the original members of the Plymouth Colony, was one of the most 
enterprising merchants of New-England in his day. At the date of this examination he 
was a resident of New-Haven. Subsequently he resided in New-Amsterdam, but in 1647 
returned to New-Haven, where he died in the latter part of 1658, or early in 1659.— See 
His. and Gen. Register., viii. 265, for a sketch; also the Bio. Dictionaries, and Brad- 
ford's New-Plymouth . 

Carl Janssen is called " Secretary," but I do not find his name mentioned elsewhere. In 
1635, Jans Janssen, of Ilpendam in North Holland, was commissary at Fort Nassau. It is 
possible that Carl was a relative. The family name is common in the Manhattan records. 

Christian Boy was probably cither an officer in one of the forts, or the commander of a 
vessel. Ilendrick lluygen was the Swedish commissary at this time, and is often spoken 
of by the Dutch writers as a prominent man in the controversies between them and the 
Swedes. 

Mons Clinge, sometimes written Mouncc Kling, here styled "Capitaine," in 1618 was 
"lieutenant of the Swedish fort on tlie Schuylkill." His name occurs frequently in the 
histories of that region. 

Gregory Yon Dyck, styled " wachtmeister," or quartermaster, probably served in that 
capacity at the fort. 

;l In the manuscript the letter y in these names has a diaeresis over it. 



46 The Swedish and ISFem-England Colonies* [Jan, 

Quest : 3. The governour asked them if he had cupelled them by- 
force of amies to sweare to the Crowne of Sweden. They answered 
Noe. 

Quest: 4. The gover r asked if he had spoken any evill of the 
English nation or had reproached them. They answered Noe. 

John Nolin examined. 

Quest. 1. The govern 1 asked him if he had hired him to give 
false witnesse ag* m r Lamerton. he answered No. 

Quest. 2 : The governour asked m r Timen & Jeffcry Hermer, if 
he did send them to that end to m r Lamerton (vndcr pretence to seeke 
for a golden chaine) that they might linde an occation wlierby the 
govern 1 * might take away m r Lamerton s life. They answered vpon 
oath no. 

Quest: 3: The governo r asked J: Nolin if his wife had given 
beere & wine that he should testify falsely ag* m r Lamerton. he 
answ. vpon oath No, but on the contrary that he had beere & not 
wine given him vpon his owne desire no otherwise then that he should 
spcake the truth admonishing him thcrby, that if he were found false 
it should resk him life. 

Quest: 4. M r Tymcn & JefFery declard that they had heard fro 
the Indian Prince his brother, & an Indian named Pors [ ?] that 
m r Lamerton would have hired the Indians to kill vs here, w th many 
circustances to it, as y l m T Lamerton would to that purpose sell them 
pieces & powder, & this did they heere them spcake in m r Lamcrtons 
presence, & to this they testify vpon oath. 

Quest : 5. Jo : Nolin was asked if the govern 7 did offer him silver 
& gold to testify falsly ag* m r Lamerton. he answered vpon oath, No. 

Quest: G. It was demanded of Jo : Nolin whether the govcrno 1 
hhnsclfe did put the bilboes vpon his hands, he answered, No." 

Though it is not expressly stated, there can be little doubt that 
John Nolin was the person upon whom Winthrop asserts Gov. Printz 
put irons with his own hands. 

This examination was very important. It was, no doubt, satis- 
factory to the United Colonics, and perhaps opened the way for the 
intercourse which followed the next year. It also refuted the al- 
legations against Gov. Printz which Winthrop had recorded, no 
doubt from the reports of interested parties. Harmony seems to 
have been restored between the Swedish and English colonies. The 
letters of Winthrop and Printz, which we print below, show a very 
friendly feeling. 

II. 

THE EXPEDITION TO DISCOVER THE GREAT LAKE. 

Winthrop, under date of 1. 21. 1643, that is, March 21, 1G43-4, 
says : " Divers of the merchants of Boston being desirous to discover 
the great lake, supposing it to lie in the northwest part of our patent, 



1874.] The Swedish and New-England Colonies, 47 

and finding that the great trade of beaver, which came to all the east- 
ern and southern parts, came from thence, petitioned the court to be 
a company for that design, and to have the trade which they should 
discover, to themselves for twenty-one years. The court was very 
unwilling to grant any monopoly, but perceiving that without it they 
would not proceed, granted their desire ; whereupon having also com- 
mission granted them under the public seal, and letters from the gov- 
ernor to the Dutch and Swedish governors, they sent out a pinnace, 
well manned and furnished with provisions and trading stuff, which 
was to sail up the Delaware river so high as they could go, and then 
some of the company, under the conduct of Mr. William Aspcnwall, 
a good artist, and one who had been in those parts, to pass by small 
skills or canoes up the river so far as they could." 1 

The action of the General Court is recorded as follows : — " 1643-4, 
7th March. The petition of M r Valentine Hill, Capt. Rob r t Sedg- 
wick, M r Willi: Tinge, Treasurer, M r Franc. Norton, M r Thorn: 
Clarke, Josua Ilewes & Willi : Aspinwall is granted them. 

" First, they are established a free company of adventurers w th 
liberty to admit & take in any w ch they thinke meete for the ad- 
vancement of the worke, & any that will may come in w"'in this 
month c ; but none after, except they app've of them ; they are granted 
power to make such wholesome orders for the well managing of their 
trade as is granted to such companies in other parts : 2 ly , that what- 
soever trade they shall discover in those parts w th in three yeares next 
ensuing (if the Lord so blesse their cndeavo r s) they may enioy it solely 
to themselucs & the rest of their company for twenty &, one yeares 
after such discovery is made, w th lull power & authority from this 
Court to inhibitc So restraine any other p'son or psons whatsoever, 
during the tearme aforesaid, that shall attempt any trade (by them 
discov'ed) wi ll, out the warrant of the aforesaid company; or if they 
have or shall intermeddle, as aforesaid, that then it may bee lawfull for 
the company in a legall way to seize upon such goods so traded : & 
lastly, they are granted the Co r ts letters, under the publique scale, 
unto the Dutch or Swedes, or any other they may necessarily have 
to do w th in the p'sccution of this discovery or trade for the furth 
countenancing of their p'cecdings." 2 

This gives us the names of the adventurers in this expedition and 
their charter from the government of the colony, which shows that 
they intended to locate within the Massachusetts patent. 

I have in my possession the original draft of Gov. Winthrop's let- 
ter to the Swedish governor, mentioned in my last extract from his 
Journal, and the reply of Gov. Printz thereto. Both letters arc in 
Latin, the usual official language of that period, in such cases. The 
text of Winthrop's 3 letter is as follows : 

1 Journal, ii. 193. 

2 Mass. Col. Rec, ii. GO. 

3 This was the first and rough draft of* the letter. It has at the bottom, in the writer's 
ordinary haird, the following memorandum : " S r I pray p'use & correet wh r you sco 



48 The Swedish and New-England Colonies. [Jan. 

L'ris tuis lmmanissimis (colendissime Due) alitor respondendi, in 
presentiaru non datur facultas, quam, quod acceperim, & in illis, 
erga nos & Angloru gentem, beneuolu aniicissimumq' animum gra- 
tanter p'ceperim : vnde, & ex antiqua arctissimaq' ilia inter Anglos 
& Suecos necessitudine, facile sibi p'suasu liabeat Dm Gubernator 
Suecorti, se suosq' oies Anglos in liisec terris, pari studio & bcneuo- 
lentia prosequi, & in honorc habere, semp' curaturos. Quod vero 
Literaru tuaru & exemplariu p'tes attlnet, Responsu plcnu & p'ticn- 
lare, a proxima Comissionaria conuentioe expectarc possis. Interim 
spero (quod etiam a Dominatione tua peto) vt oia, inter vos & con- 
faxlcratos n'ros Neuliauenscs, suiiia pace ct concordia, transigantur 
ncgotia. Vale. 

Tua3 Dignitatis amicissime 

Studiosus J. w. 

The following is the text 1 of Gov. Printz's letter to Gov. Winthrop : 

Generose Dn : Gubernator : 
Salut : 

Literas tuas cum harum cxhibitore, Drio Wilhelmo Aspinwalds, 
ut ilium milii habeam commendatum sonantes, libentcr accepi, & 
quemadmodum mihi nihil magis gratum fuerit, quam hoc ita cffi- 
ccrcm, ut is banc tuam recommendationem sibi plurimum profuisse 
intelligat ; ita cito citius, standoq' pede officiarijs, hie in nostris 
propugnaculis scripsi, ut ilium hand quovis modo impediant, vel vlla 
molestia afficiant, sed sine incluso transitu, tnto ire & redire per- 
mittant, ubiq' nccessitas postularetur, fide et sccuritate publica, alijs 

Cause," addressed to some friend, who made two slight alterations. The corrections 
somewhat resemble Dunstcr's hand-writing. The letter is endorsed by Winthrop thus : 
" Lra ad Gub : Snecoru (1) 21—43," i. e. : Mar. 21, 1643-4. It is often extremely difficult to 
decipher Winthrop's writing, but in this instance his Latin is quite plainly written except 
in some final letters. We make the following translation. — [I^ditou op IIegistku.] 

" I have not the power at the present time, most estimable Sir, of replying to your very 
obliging letter further than to say, that I received it and thankfully perceived in it a benevo- 
lent and very amicable disposition toward us and the English nation : hence, and on account 
of the ancient and very intimate relations between the English and Swedes, you, Mr. Gov- 
ernor of the Swedes, may easily persuade yourself that all the English in this country will 
be solicitous at all times to conduct themselves toward you and your people with like zeal 
and good will, and treat them in an honorable manner. But in respect to certain parts of your 
letter and copies of papers, you may expect a full and particular response at the next meet- 
ing of the commissioners [of the United Colonies]. In the meantime, I hope (what I also 
ask of your government) that all business between you and our New-Haven confederates 
may be carried on in perfect peace and harmony. Farewell. Your Honor's very devoted 
friend, j. w." 

1 We make the following translation of Gov. Printz's letter, the text of which is given 
above.— [Editor op Register.] 

u Noble Governor : 
" Greeting : 

" I gladly received your letter by the bearer, Mr. William Aspinwall, signifying that I 
should regard him as commended to me, and as nothing could have been more grateful to 
me than to do this in such a Avay as. that he may understand that this your recommendation 
has been of great service to him, therefore, without delay, and on the spot, I wrote to the 
officers here in our fort that they should not in any manner hinder him, or in any way molest 
him, but that they should permit him to go and return freely and safely, and that wherever 
his business might call him, they should cheerfully assist his journey, under the public faith 
and security, in any other necessities. Moreover, lest any one should do him violence 
I sent one of my subjects with him as far as the Dutch forts at Nassau; but why 
he is not permitted to pass through the Dutch country, he can make it known in person. 



1874.] The Swedish and New-England Colonies. 49 

suo itineri rebus necessary's hand gravatim juvant. Et ne aliquis ei 
vim contra jus inferat, vnum ex subditis meis, usq' ad propugnacu- 
lum Belgicum ISTassovias condonavi, sed quapropter, per oras Bclgicas 
ei non pertransire concessum, id ipse coram revelarc potest. Si quid 
est in quo, Dno Gubernat : post hac tutius possum gratificari nihil 
sum recusaturus. Yale. 

Dat : Tinnakungs 29 Junij 1644 

T. G. 

[Address] : Officiose colens, 

Generoso & Clariss : viro Duo Jolianni Joiian Ppjntz. 

Wintrop, Nov : Anglia Gubernatori 

&c. : meritiss : amico cum primis 

Colendo. 

Qffieiosiss : 
[Endorsement by Gov. TVmthrop] : 

From the Sweds Gouern T (4) 29-44. 

Brodhcad under tliis year says : — " The Boston merchants now be- 
gan to covet a participation in the fur trade on the Delaware. It was 
imagined in Massachusetts that the chief supply of beavers came from 
f a great lake, supposing it to lie in the north-west part ' of their patent, 
and this lake, which they named f Lake Lyconnia,' l it was now thought 
should be f discovered."" 

This extract would seem to imply that these adventurers must have 
been in possession of the patent known as the "Laconia Grant" to 
Mason and Gorges, which was given Nov. 17, 1G29, and was 
brought out by Walter Neale in 1630 and attempted to be located, but 
without success. In Willis's History of Portland, it is stated that 
George Clecves came over in 1637 as agent for Gorges, and that 
he also " brought a protection under the privy signet for searching 
out the lake of Iracoyce and for the trade in beaver." 3 

If there is anything nfter this, Mr. Governor, in which I can prudently gratify you, I shall 
not at all refuse to "do it. Farewell. 

" Given at Tinnaeonk, 29 June, 1G-14. Respectfully and officially, 

[Address] : John Printz." 

" To the noble and very illustrious man, 
Mr. John Wintrop, Governor, in 
New-England, &c. : a friend worthy 
of the highest regard. 

Most respectfully." 

1 The patents known as Laconia and Lygonia, from a similarity of names have often- 
been supposed to be identical, but were entirely distinct; and in this case should we not 
infer that " Lyconnia " should have been written Laconia. The Laconia patent was granted 
by the Couneil of Plymouth to Gorges and Mason, Nov. 17, 1629, and embraced " all those 
lands and countries" bordering upon the great lake or lakes and rivers known by the name 
of the river and lake or rivers and lakes of the Iroquois," no doubt meaning Lake Cham- 
plain. The Lygonia or Plough Patent was a very different thing. It was forty miles square, 
and covered territory between Cape Porpoise and Cape Elizabeth. The date of the grant, 
as also the names of the grantees, are unknown. The Laconia patent was supposed to bear 
date Aug. 10, 1G22, and to embrace other territory than this, till the Maine Historical So- 
ciety procured a copy of the patent of Aug. 10, 1G22, when it appeared that this was called 
the "Province of Maine," not. of "Laconia." This patent is printed in the Pophani' 
Memorial Volume, pp. 121-3. 

2 History of New- York, i. 383. 

3 Willis's Portland, i. 31, quoting York Records, i. 140. 
VOL. XXVIII. 5 



50 The Sivedish and JVe 'id-England Colonies, [Jan. 

Now is it not probable that some Boston merchants may have par- 
chased this patent, which was intended to be located on a western 
lake (probably Champlain), and got up this expedition to reach it? 
The people in England, as also the colonists, had a very indefinite 
knowledge of the country as well as of the lakes and rivers on the 
west of New-England. In this respect they were for a long 
period very much behind the French of Canada, who, a generation 
before, had become familiar with these great bodies of water and their 
communications. 

It seems that the professions of friendship by the Swedes and 
Dutch did not protect the English adventurers from New-England 
in their efforts to penetrate to the beaver country, for we learn that 
when Aspinwall and. his party approached the Swedes, they were 
fired upon from the fort and stopped. The governor, upon com- 
plaint of Aspinwall, acknowledged the bad conduct of his lieutenant, 
and promised "all favor" in future. The Dutch, higher up the 
river, refused them leave to pass, and thereupon they returned, but 
before they left the river the Swedish lieutenant made them pay 40 
shillings for the shot he had fired at them. The news of this was 
brought to Boston, July 20, 1644. : 

AYe further learn that this expedition for trade and discovery 
failed, owing to the drunkenness and alleged unfaithfulness of 
the master of the Boston pinnace after it entered the river. In 
this instance the adventurers recovered of the master " 200 
pounds," which YYinthrop thinks was too much ; " for it was proba- 
ble," he says, "they could not have proceeded." 2 

In the next year, another trading expedition from Boston met 
with disaster. After they had secured a valuable cargo of " skins, 
otter, &c," their bark was boarded by a band of Indians under 
pretence of a desire to trade, who killed the master and three others, 
rifled the bark, and carried away a boy and the interpreter. To the 
latter they gave forty skins, twenty fathoms of wampum and other 
things, and kept their two prisoners about six weeks. They were 
released through the intervention of the Swedish governor, who sent 
them to New-IIaven by a bark of that place. They reached Boston 
July 14, 1G45 ; "the man as a prisoner."* 

1 Winthrop's Journal, ii. 218-9. 2 Ibid., ii. 229. 3 Winthrop's Journal ii. 250. 



Tite Mayflower.— 1588. April 12. " Thos. Sandyll, Mayor, and the 
Aldermen of King's Lynn to the Council. Pray them to direct letters to 
the town of Blakcney and other members of the port which refused to 
contribute their share toward the furnishing of the ships required. They 
are willing to furnish the Mayflower of Lynn of 150 tons, and a line pin- 
nace, to join her majesty's fleet." — Calendar of State 1 a per s, Domes. Series, 
1581-90. [Was this the vessel which brought over the Plymouth colo- 
nists ? — Editor.] 



1874.] Henry Cruger to John Hancock. 51 



LETTER OF HENRY CRUGER TO JOHN HANCOCK. 

From the Hancock MSS. in the possession of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

ENRY Cruger, the writer of this letter, has been said to have been 
the first native of America who sat in the English House of Com- 
mons ; but this is a mistake, as Gov. Joseph Dudley, a native of Roxbury, 
Mass., was a member of parliament nearly three-quarters of a century be- 
fore him. 

Mr. Cruger was born in New-York in 1739, and on arriving at manhood 
became connected in business with his father who had established himself in 
Bristol, England. The father and son successively held the olfice of mayor 
of that city, and the latter in 1774 was chosen a member of parliament, as 
a colleague of the celebrated Edmund Burke. " The election was a sharply 
contested one," says Mr. Duyckinck. " Burke was introduced to the hustings 

by Cruger, and made a brief speech, at the conclusion of which a Mr. C 

is reported in the newspapers to have exclaimed, ' I say ditto to Mr. Burke/ 
The story has- passed into the jest books, and has been fastened upon Cruger, 
who, as he had just before spoken, is not likely to have spoken again ; or, 
if he did, would not, as his future career shows, have expressed himself so 
briefly. The true author of this famous speech was a Mr. Carrington." 1 

On all occasions he advocated a conciliatory course towards his country- 
men. He retorted with so much severity upon Col. Grant, who asserted in 
parliament, in 1775, that the Americans would not dare to face an English 
army, that he was called to order by the speaker. In 178-1, he was reelect- 
ed to parliament. Before the expiration of his term he returned to his 
native country, and was elected to the New-York state senate while a mem- 
ber of the House of Commons. lie settled as a merchant in the city of 
New- York, where he died, 2-1 April, 1827. 

The following letter was written a short time previous to his return to 
America, and shows a strong affection for his native laud. J. w. dean. 

"Bristol, 5 th March, 1783. 
"Dear Sir, 

" It is with heartfelt Joy that I felicitate you on the Channels of 
our Intercourse being again open'd, by the accomplishment of our 
most sanguine wishes — the Liberty and Independency of America — 
an event on which I do most sincerely Congratulate my Countrymen. 
I embrace the earliest opportunity to inform my old friends & Cor- 
respondents that I shall Continue in this City in the American 
business, where I hope, by receiving fresh marks of their favor & by 
redoubled Industry, to reedem [s^c] the time lost in the late accursed 
War, and to repair the ravages which its influence has made on my 
fortune, because of the steady principles which so strongly attach'd 
me to the just cause of America & Mankind. 

" For the mutual convenience of myself & correspondents, I have 
also made a Connection in London with two Gentlemen, whose 

1 Cyclopedia of American Literature, i. 221 ; Simons's ed., i. 231. 



52 The Early History of Hollis, N. II [Jan. 

attachment to the American Cause & whose open exertions in it, 
have at times brought upon them the most furious persecutions of 
the Enemies of Liberty. As we have long been united in one politi- 
cal principle, which at length is happily Triumphant, we are encour- 
aged to form a Commercial Connection that we hope may be equally 
successful. 

"Enclosed you will receive a Circular letter of our New Establish- 
ment in London, which we entreat may be honored with the kind 
attention of our Friends. 

" I purpose visiting my Native Land early the ensuing Summer to 
participate in the Joys & Happiness which I hope to find resulting 
from the triumph of Liberty & Virtue. 

" In my absence my Connections & Clerks will pay due attention 
to my Compting house in Bristol and execute with fidelity, the orders 
and Commissions of my friends. 

I remain with undiminished regard 
Dear Sir, 

Y r affec 1 humble Ser 1 

Hex. Crtjger. 

[Addressed :] The Hon b,e | John Hancock Esq. | Boston | p' Packet. 
[File endorsement :] Henry Crugcr & C°. | London 5 March 83. 



EARLY HISTORY OF IIOLLIS, N. II. 

FROM ITS SETTLEMENT TO THE BUILDING OF THE SECOND 

MEETING-IIOUSE . 

By The Hon. Samuel T. Wokclstek, of Nashua, N. II. 

HE original charter of the old township of Dunstable, within 
whose limits the present town of Hollis 1 was included, was 
granted by the general court of the province of Massachusetts, 
October 16, 16*73, O. S. Dunstable, as then chartered, comprised 
an area of nearly two hundred square miles. It lay upon both sides 
of the Merrimack river, and contained all or nearly all of what 
are now Nashua, Hollis, Hudson, Litchfield, and parts of Pclham, 
Amherst, Milford, Merrimack and BrooMine in New-Hampshire, 
and the town of Tyngsborough, the east part of Dunstable, 
and a small part of Pepperell and Townscnd in Massachu- 
setts. It extended from the north lines of the towns of Chelms- 
ford and Groton, as then established, to the Souhcgan river, 
its western boundary being a north and south line drawn from its 

1 This article forms a part of an address delivered by the writer before the Nashua His- 
torical Society in February, 1872, and subsequently delivered before the citizens of Hollis. 



1874.] The Early History of Hollis, JST. II 53 

north-west corner, a short distance west of Muscotanipus pond in 
Brookline, to Dram Cup Hill, so called, near the Souhegan river and 
now in Mil ford. 

The first white settler of the part of Dunstable, since known as 
Hollis, was Peter Powers, afterward a captain of provincial troops 
in the old French war in which Quebec was taken. Capt. Powers 
was a native of Littleton, Mass., and removed from that place to 
the part of Dunstable now known as Nashua in 1728. In the fall 
of 1730, he made his way through the then unbroken wilderness, 
selected a place for a new home about a half mile X. W. of the 
present meeting-house, and in the spring following settled upon 
it with his family. This was the only white family within the 
present limits of the town till the summer of 1732, when Eleazcr 
Flagg, the ancestor of the Hollis families of that name, settled in 
what is now the south-west part of the town, about three miles from 
Capt. Powers. The third family was that of Thomas Dinsniore, 
who established himself about two miles south-westerly from the 
present meeting-house on or near the road leading to Pepperell. In 
the year 173G, the little settlement numbered nine families, and in 
the summer of 1739 that number had grown to about twenty. 

These settlers supposed themselves to be within the province of 
Massachusetts, and in the county of Middlesex, and in the summer 
of 1739 they united in a petition to the general court of that pro- 
vince for a township charter. On the presentation of this petition, 
the general court appointed a committee to inquire into the pro- 
priety of granting it. 1 The report of this committee, and the action 
of the general court upon it, have very fortunately been preserved, 
and are now to be found recorded at full length on the first pages of 
the first volume of the Hollis records, and I have quoted them in 
substance in this paper as specimens of the like documents of that 
period. 

These original records, in what I have now to say of the early his- 
tory of Hollis, will be my principal guide. Where I can consistently 
do so, I shall press them into my service and let them speak for me 
in their own simple and homely dialect. We may occasionally observe 
in the manuscript, wide, and sometimes grotesque departures from the 
more modern orthography of Webster and Worcester, and also from 
the grammar and syntax of Lowth and Murray. Yet in this re- 
spect, they arc less subject to unfavorable criticism than many 
of our town-records of a much more modern date. The style of 
them is terse, plain, simple, and direct, and the words well chosen 
to express the ideas and matters to be recorded, and they contain 
the municipal autobiography of our ancestors, commencing four 
generations ago, written down from year to year, and sometimes 
from month to month, by persons appointed for the purpose, while 

1 This original petition still exists, and is to be found in the office of the secretary of 
state in Boston, with the original signatures of the petitioners. 

VOL. XXVIII. 5* 



54 The Early History of Ilollis, JV. II. [Jan. 

what they had done, or what they at the time proposed to do, was 
still fresh in the minds of all. 

THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE AND THE ACTION UPON IT OF 
THE GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL. 

The most important parts of this report are embraced in the 
following extracts : — 

" The Committee on the Petition of the Inhabitants * * on the 
"Westerly side of Dunstable and Northerly side of Grotton, having repaired 
to the Lands petitioned to be Erected into a Township, and carefully View- 
ed the same, find a very good tract of Land in Dunstable, West of 
Nashaway River, between said River and the Souhegan River extending from 
Grotton new Grant and Townsend line Six miles East, lying in a very com- 
modious form for a Township, and on said Lands there is now about twenty 
Families and many more settling. * * That none of them live nearer to 
a Meeting House than Seven miles, and if they go to their own Town have 
to pass over a Ferry the greater portion of the year. * * 

" The Committee are of Opinion that the Petitioners are under such 
circumstances as necessitates them to ask relief which will be fully obtained 
by their being made a Township * * The Committee are further of 
the opinion, that for the Support of the Gospel Ministry among them the 
Lands of non-resident Proprietors be taxed at Two Pence per acre, for the 
space of Five Years. 

" Humbly submitted * * by order of the Committee. 

" Thomas Berry. " 

" Read in Council, Dec. 27, 1730. And ordered that the Report be so 
far accepted as that the Land mentioned and described therein, with 
the Inhabitants there be Erected into a separate and distinct Precinct * * 
with all such Powers and Privileges as any other Precinct in this Province 
* * and they are also empowered to assess and levy two Pence per acre 
per annum for the space of Five Years upon all the unimproved Lands 
belonging to Non-Resident Proprietors, to be applied to the Support of the 
Ministry. 

" January 1, 1739-40. Consented to. J. Belciier, (Gov.)" 

By the law of the colonial legislature of Massachusetts, in force 
.from its early history, it was enacted that " the Inhabitants of Each 
Town in that Province should take due care from time to time to be 
constantly provided of a Learned Able and Orthodox minister * * 
who should be Suitably maintained by the Inhabitants of the Town." 
Precincts or parishes were subdivisions of towns, incorporated for 
the maintenance of religious worship ; and, by a province law passed 
in 1718, precincts or parishes were invested with the same powers 
and charged with the same duties in respect to the support of the 
ministry as towns. 1 * * 

1 Under the charter we have cited, the west part of the old town of Dunstable became 
a parish or precinct, and, till the year 17-16, was known as the west parish of Dunstable. 

In March, 17-12, very soon after the new province line was run between New-Hampshire 
.and Massachusetts, all that part of the town of old Dunstable north of the new line, and 
west of the Merrimack river, was organized into what was called a district, and was known 
as "the district of Dunstable." This district-organization was made for the purpose of 



1874.] The Early History of Hollis, 1ST, IL 55 



BOUNDARIES AND AKEA OF THE TAEISn AND THE NON-RESIDENT TAX. 

The west parish of the old town of Dunstable extended north and 
south, from the Souhcgan river to the south line of the old town, a 
distance from 9 to 12 miles, and was not far from 10 miles in width, 
and was said to have contained an area of about 70,000 acres, being 
more than three times as large as Ilollis now is. ]t included nearly 
all of the present town of Ilollis, that part of Amherst south of the 
Souhcgan, the most of Milford and Brookline, parts of the towns of 
Nashua and Merrimack, in the state of New-Hampshire, and a small 
part of Pepperell in Massachusetts. The inhabitants of the parish, 
as we have seen by their charter, had authority to assess 2d. per acre 
on all the unimproved land of non-residents for the term of five 
years for the support of the ministry. At that time there were but 
about twenty resident families. If each of these families owned, on 
an average, 1000 acres (an estimate quite large enough), the resident 
settlers would have had 20,000 acres, leaving upon these estimates 
50,000 to the non-residents. A tax of 2d. the acre on this last 
quantity would have yielded an annual fund of £116 13s., or about 
$1380 in the currency of the present time, calling the pound $3.33. 
We shall soon see what importance the first settlers of Ilollis at- 
tached to this right to compel non-residents to pay for the preaching 
and meeting-houses of the resident settlers. 



o 



TIIE FI11ST PARISH MEETING AND ITS DOINGS, AND THE FIRST 
MEETING -IIO USE. 

The first parish-meeting, under the parish-charter, was held at the 
inn of Lieut. Benjamin Farley, Jan. 22, 1739-40, O. S. Mr. 
Farley's inn was the place where the parish-meetings were commonly 
held till the first mccting-housc was built, and is said to have been 
upon the farm formerly owned by Dr. William Hale, and now by 
Mr. Christopher Smith. The warrant for this meeting, like all 
similar warrants, was entitled, in its margin, "Middlesex SS.," mean- 
ing by these words , county of Middlesex , Massachusetts . It was under 
the hand and seal of Joseph Blanchard, Esq., of Dunstable, at that 
time one of " his majesty's '"justices of the peace of that county, and 
was addressed to Abraham Taylor, one of the early settlers in the 
parish, who had been active in obtaining the charter, and who was 
annually elected parish-clerk till his death, about four years after. 

At this first meeting Mr. Taylor was elected moderator and clerk; 
Mr. Taylor, Peter Powers and Benjamin Farley, assessors ; Stephen 
Harris, treasurer; Thomas Dinsmore, collector of the non-resident 
money ; and Peter Powers and Benjamin Farley, a committee to 

collecting province taxes, and lasted till 1745, when the same territory was divided into 
the towns of Dunstable, Merrimack, Monson and Ilollis. The parish officers were assessors, 
collector, treasurer and clerk, annually elected at the parish-meetings. The district-officers 
were selectmen, or assessors, tax-collectors and clerk, who were elected at district-meetings, 
which were held sometimes in the west parish, and sometimes in the east. 



56 



The Early History ofllollis, JUT. II. 



[Jan. 



procure preaching till the first of April following. "Also it was 
voted that Abraham Taylor, Peter Powers and Thomas Dinsmore be 
a committee to joyn with such Persons as the old Parish shall ap- 
point for to raise Bounds between each Parish." At this meeting 
also the following vote was passed in respect to a meeting-house : 
w Voted to build a House for the Public Worship of God : That said 
House be Erected at or near Thomas Dinsmore's House Lot of Land. 
That the House be 22 feet one way and 20 the other — 9 foot stud — 
well-boarded and shingled — One Flour — One Door — 3 windows and 
as many Scats as may be thought convenient — the House to be Erected 
by the last of April next." 

TJie house lot of Thomas Dinsmore is said to have been upon the 
farm now owned by John Colburn, Esq. But no meeting-house was 
built upon or near that site, the vote to that effect having been re- 
considered at a meeting in the following March. After four or five 
other sites had been proposed at various meetings and rejected, it 
was at last, at a meeting held Nov. 5, 1740 : "Voted that the Mcet- 
ing-IIouse should be Erected on Abraham Taylor's Land, about 
Sixty Pods Southerly from said Taylor's Dwelling-House, on the 
highest Knoll of Land thereabouts, and that the Burying Place 
for the Parish be ajoining the Place now appointed for ye Meeting 
House." 

This is the same pleasant and hallowed spot on which, a few years 
later, the second meeting-house was built, the same where the third, 
still standing, was erected more than eighty years after, the site for 
it and the burial-ground having been given by Mr. Taylor, who 
died in the spring of 1743, and was the first person buried in it. It 
appears that the new edifice was not wholly completed for a year or 
more after its location was fixed, as we find that it was voted at a 
parish-meeting, Oct. 23, 1741, "To have one Glace Winder in the 
Meeting House and to have it under-Pind as soon as possable." 



THE FIRST PARISH-TAX, WITH THE NAMES OF THE TAX-PAYERS. 

In the month of November, 1740, by vote of a parish-meeting, the 
first tax was assessed upon the inhabitants " for Defraying the ne- 
cessary charges of the Parish," amounting to £16 2s. 2d. The tax 
list contains the names of 29 persons, viz. : 



Zacliariah Lawrence, Jr. 
Enoch Hunt 
Eleazer Flagg 
Samuel Cumings 
William Blancliard 
Abraham Taylor 
Stephen Harris 
William Colburn 
Robert Colburn 
Peter Wheeler 



Josiah Blood 
Peter Powers 
Benjamin Farley 
Jerahmael Cumings 
Samuel Farley 
David Nevins 
William Nevins 
Widow Nevins 
William Shattuek 
David Kendall 



Nathaniel Blood 
Philip Woolrich 
Moses Proctor 
John Butterfield 
Elnathan Blood 
Henry Barton 
Thomas Dinsmore 
Amos Philips 
Gideon Behoney, 



1874.] The Early History of ilollis, JST. II. 57 

nearly all of tlicm family names, familiar to the people of Ilollis from 
that time to this. 

By a province law passed in 1734, all male persons of the age of 
sixteen years and over, with the exception of the governor, settled 
ministers, and a few others, were subject to a poll-tax. The above 
tax-list may be presumed to contain the names of all male persons 
above that age at that time inhabitants of the parish. Six of the list 
are charged with a poll-tax only; the remaining twenty-three, in- 
cluding the widow Nevins, with both a poll and property-tax. Of the 
above tax of about £16, very near £13, or more than three-fourths 
of it, were assessed on twenty-eight persons as a poll-tax, and less 
than £3 upon real and personal estate. The sum assessed upon 
each poll was 9s. 2d., while the highest property-tax was only 6s. 
7d. I may have occasion, in another connection, to advert again to 
this matter of taxation. 

THE NON-RESIDENTS' MONEY, OR NON-RESIDENT TAX OF 2d. TIIE 
ACRE AND THE DISPOSAL OF IT. 

As this tax was a matter of much interest, and some trouble to the 
residents of the parish, it is entitled to further notice as illustrating 
the laws and usages of the good people of that time, and especially 
the ways and means which were supposed to be lawful and right for 
the raising of money for the support of " learned, able and orthodox" 
ministers. 

The warrant for the third parish-meeting, held in March, 1740, 
with other articles to be voted on, contained the following : 

1st. " To see what Encouragement the People will give to any Person or 
Persons for Killing Rattlesnakes in this parish." 

2d. " To see if the Parish will agree to dispose of the Non-Resident 
money that shall be due and coming to this Parish for the space of live 
years from the 1st of January last to any Person or Persons who shall agree 
to Support the Gospel in this Parish." 

At the above meeting it was voted : 

1st. "That if any Person shall make it appear to the Committee of the 
Parish that he has Killed one or more Rattlesnakes in this Precinct, in this 
present year, he shall have paid to him one shilling for every such snake so 
killed, out of the Parish Treasury." 

Also unanimously voted, "That Peter Powers & Abraham Taylor shall 
have the Total of all such sum or sums of money as is or shall he assessed 
on Land belonging to non-Resident Proprietors of this Parish for the space 
of five years from the 1 st of January last, on condition that the said Powers 
and Taylor shall & do ohlige themselves & Heirs with sufficient security to 
maintain and constantly support Preaching in this Precinct for ye full term 

of ye said five years and Erect a Meeting House for the Public Worship 

of God agreeable to the tenor of the vote of said parish and likewise 

fully acquit and discharge said Parish from the cost & charges that have 
been expended in being set off from Dunstable & being erected into a 
separate Precinct — and also from the cost & charges that has been expended 



58 The Early History of HoUls, JST. II [Jan. 

in getting Timber for a Bridge across Nashaway River, and also to pay 
Mr. Underwood for his Preaching with us in this Parish." 

The question was once asked, "Of whom do the Kings of the 
Earth take custom or tribute, of their own children or strangers?" 
The answer was, "Of strangers.'' It would seem from the doings 
of the above meeting that the early settlers of the west parish of 
Dunstable had taken lessons in finance from the " King's of the Earth." 

Within about a year from the time of this meeting, after a long 
and angry controversy, the new province line between New-Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts was surveyed and established where it now 
is. Much to the chagrin and disappointment of the inhabitants, 
that part of the old town of Dunstable now known as liollis was 
found to be in New-Hampshire. In consequence of this decision, 
the charter of the west parish in Dunstable, granted by the general 
court of Massachusetts, was virtually annulled, that general court 
having had at the time no power to grant it. With the charter the 
legal right to assess this tax of two pence the acre on the land of 
non-residents was also lost, and with the tax the Aery thrifty 
bargain with Messrs. Powers and Taylor in respect to the disposal 
of it. 

"In this dilemma, the Inhabitants promptly met (Feb. 19,1741- 
2), and "voted to petition the Grate and General Court of N. 
Hampshire that the Parish be made a Township, and also that the 
Parish may have power to collect of delinquent persons, the several 
Bums they may have been assessed at agreeable to the Laws of the 
Massachusetts Province." 

But instead of granting this petition for a township-charter and to 
legalize the non-resident tax, the general court, as we have already 
seen, in March, 1742, organized all that part of oldDunstable north of 
the new province line and west of Merrimack river, into a district for 
the collection of province taxes, with authority for that purpose, to 
elect district-assessors or selectmen, and a district-clerk and collect- 
ors of taxes. 

The first meeting for the election of district-officers, was held un- 
der the direction of a committee of the general court, probably in 
the cast parish, April 23, 1742. At this meeting, Abraham Taylor 
was chosen clerk ; Abraham Taylor, Thomas Harwood, Samuel Cum- 
min gs and Jonathan Lovcwell selectmen. The record for the year 
1743 is lost. In 1744, John Boynton was district clerk; and John 
Boynton, Jonathan Lovcwell and Jerahmacl Cummings, selectmen 
or assscssors. In 1745, John Boynton was district clerk ; John 
Boynton, Jonathan Lovcwell, and Jerahmacl Cummings assessors 
or selectmen. 

Still, however, the inhabitants of west Dunstable continued to 
hold public meetings, elect officers and assess taxes much as before, 
and in the records of their doings their community was styled a 
"parish "or "precinct." Notwithstanding their disappointment in 



1874.] The Early History of Mollis, JST. H. 59 

tlie loss of their charter, and at finding themselves citizens of New- 
Hampshire against their wishes, they ivere not yet able to forget the 
"Non-resident Money," or to abandon the hope of obtaining it. 
With this hope in view, at a public meeting held in January, 1744, 
it was " Voted that Peter Powers should have all the non-residents' 
money that is not Collected for the four years past and the year to 
come, * * and for the said Powers to pay all the Parish Debt 
for Preaching and to any other Person for Sarvis Don the Parish 
before the ordination * * and to pay the Parish £40. O.T. at 
the end of the year." It is to be inferred from the doings of a parish 
meeting in the following December, that these non-resident land- 
owners had questioned the right of Mr. Powers to collect this tax, 
and that it was not paid so cheerfully as the purchaser had hoped. 
As a hist remedy for this trouble, it was voted at this meeting, "that 
Capt. Powers represent the Parish at the General Court of New- 
Hampshire to get ye Massachusetts Act for taxing ye Land in said 
Parish confirmed if he will go at his own charges — otherwise not to 
go." The record does not show whether Capt. Powers accepted the 
honor of the office, with its condition, or not. 

The charter of Hollis as a town, bore date April 3, 174G, and 
embraced a territory much less than one half of that contained 
in the charter of west Dunstable. This town-charter was wholly 
silent in respect to the right to tax non-residents for any purpose. 
To supply this omission, at a town-meeting held on the 22d Decem- 
ber of the same year it was " Voted to Raise two Pence per Acre 
Lawful Money on all the Land of Hollis for five years lor ye Sup- 
port of ye Gospel and ye arising charges of said Town, and to Peti- 
tion theGrat and Gencrall Court for Streangth to Gather and Get 
the Money of Non-Residents." Samuel Cmnmings, Esq., was cho- 
sen a delegate to present this petition, which he did in the following 
April. Jn answer to this petition the general court of New-Hamp- 
shire passed an act taxing all the land in Hollis for four years at two 
pence the acre for the support of the ministry and finishing the 
second meeting-house, the frame of which had then been raised. 
All the lands in Hollis were taxed under this law for the next four 
years (as stated in the town records), "for the Building and Repair- 
ing a Fleeting-House and the Supporting the Gospel Ministry." 
This tax was assessed in the old-tenor currency, £4 of which at that 
date appear to have been of the value of £1. lawful or silver 
money. In 1747 this tax amounted, in the old-tenor currency, to 
£8U4 1.7s. 8d. Of that sum, £25b' Gs. 8d., or more than two-thirds 
of it, were assessed upon 88 non-resident land owners, and the 
residue, £188 lis., on 48 residents. In 1748, £50G 8s. were as- 
sessed for the like purpose, of which £850 Is. 8d., again more than 
two-thirds of it, were assessed on 81 non-residents, and the balance 
on 52 residents. AVhatcver we may think of the justice of this 
law, it seems to have had the good effect of lessening the number, 



60 The Early History of Eollis, JV. H. [Jan. 

and also the quantity of land in ITollis owned by non-residents, and 
of adding to the number of residents, and to their proportion of 
the land. In 1750, the last year of the law, the resident land- 
owners had increased from 48, in 1747, to 70. And the non-resi- 
dents had fallen off from 33 in 1747, to 24 in 1750, and the 
amount of the land-tax paid by the two classes had become much 
more equal. 

It seems, however, that all these non-residents did not acquiesce 
in the justice of this law so cheerfully as they might have done. As 
an instance of their dislike to it, we find that in 1748 Col. Prescott's 
heirs were taxed under it the considerable sum of £48 13s. 4d. for the 
support of preaching they could not hear, and that they had had an 
article inserted in the warrant for the town-meeting asking for an 
abatement of this tax. In response to this petition, as the record 
states it, " It was put to vote to see if the^ Town would Ease Col. 
Prescott's Heirs of any part of their Land Tax, and it was passed in 
the negative." 

To me, at least, as a native of the town, and one of the descendants 
of these worthy people, their names and memories arc sacred. " All 
their failings leaned to virtue's side." Their ashes have slept for 
near a century in peaceful and honored graves, and the foot of the 
stranger who knows their worth, would tread lightly upon them. 
I have made these extracts from their annals witli no irreverent or 
unfilial feeling, but to illustrate some of the differences between the 
laws, customs and sentiments that prevailed among good and chris- 
tian people in New-England one hundred and twenty years ago, and 
those upon the like subjects under whose iniiuence the last two 
generations have been educated. 

[To be continued.] 



Wisewall, Eldder Thomas. [C. II. Morse, Esq., of Washington, D. C, 
contributes the following, copied from the autograph of Secretary Rawson. 
What was the issue of this charge of double-voting ? — Editor.] 

" 9 th May 1G73. The Gou nt & Magis ts being Informed that on the Elec- 
tion day y l Elcle* Thomas Wisewall of Cambridge Village gave in two 
votes for one y* was in Election Judg d it meet that Cap' Daniel Gookin & 
M r Danforth shall and hereby are desired to send for the j^erson & the wit- 
nesses that saw him so to doe & make their returne on the second day 
next at two of the clock what they shall finde by the partyes confession or 
the oathes of the witnesses that so the whole Court may consider how 
farther to proceed in bearing due testmy against all such irregular practices, 
past the magistrates this 9 May 1G73 as attest. " Edw: Rawson Sec ty ." 

"13 May 10713. On the Return of this Comittee the Gou nr & Magis te re- 
ferred Elde r Thomas Wisewall & Enjoynes him to Appcare at the next 
County Court at Charlestown there to Answer for wh l he stands charged 
with. By order of the Gou nr & Magis ts . Edw: Rawson — Sec ,y . 

" That what is aboue written is a true Copie compared w th the original. 
" Attest. Edw : Rawson, SecV-" 



1874.] 



The Mandamus Councillors, 



61 



MANDAMUS COUNCILLORS. 



Communicated by the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridgcport, Mass. 



"Salem, August 9, 1774. The following is a 
men appointed by liis Majesty, Counsellors of this Province 



ist of the gcntlc- 



but in direct violation of 



;ree- 
on r 



able to a late Act of Parliament, 
Charter, viz. — 

THOMAS OLIVER, Esq. (Lieut. Gov.) 
THOMAS EL UK Ell, Esq. 
PETER OLIVER, Esq. 
POSTER HUTCHINSON, Esq. 
THO. HUTCHINSON, Esq. 1 
HARRISON CRAY, Esq, 
SAMUEL DANEORTH, Esq. 
JOHN ERVING, Sen r . Esq. 
JAMES RUSSELL, Esq. 
TIMOTHY RUGGLES, Esq. 
JOSEPH LEE, Esq. 
ISAAC WINSLOW, Esq. 
ISRAEL WILLIAMS, Esq. 
GEORGE WATSON, Esq. 
NAT. RAY THOMAS, Esq. 
TIM. WOOD BRIDGE, Esq. 
WILLIAM VASSALL, Esq. 
WILLIAM. BROWN, Esq. 

"Province of ) 
Massachusetts Pay. J Salem, August 8, 1774. His Majesty 
having been pleased to appoint the Hon. Thomas Oliver, Esq,, to be 
Lieutenant Governor of this Province, his Honor's commission was 
accordingly published in the Council chamber, and the several oaths 
administered to him by his Excellency the Governor. After which 
the following gentlemen took the oaths necessary to qualify them- 
selves for a scat in Council, being appointed by Mandamus from his 
Majesty. 



JOSEPH GREEN, Esq. 
JAMES BOUTTNEAU, Esq. 
ANDREW OLIVER, Esq. 
JOSIAH EDSON, Esq. 
RICHARD LECHMERE, Esq. 
JOSHUA LORING, Esq. 
JOHN WORTHING TON, Esq. 
TIMOTHY PAINE, Esq. 
WILLIAM PEPPEPvEELL, Esq. 
JEREMIAH POWELL, Esq. 
JONATHAN SIMPSON, Esq. 
JOHN MURRAY, Esq. 
I) A N I E L L EC N A R D , Esq . 
THOMAS PALMER, Esq. 
ISAAC ROYAL, Esq. 
ROBERT HOOPER, Esq. 
ABTJAII W1LLARD, Esq. 
JOHN ERVING, Jun r . 5 Esq. 



Lieutenant Governor. 

WILLIAM BROWN, Esq. 
JAMES BOUTTNEAU, Esq. 
JOSHUA LORING, Esq. 
WILLIAM PEPPERRELL, Esq. 
JOHN ERVING, Jan'. Esq." 
Boston Gazette, Monday, Avgust 15, 1774. 

"Tuesday last the following gentlemen took the oaths requisite to 
quality them for their seat at the Council Board, viz. 



Hon. THOMAS OLIVER, Esq. 
THOMAS ELUKER, Esq. 
POSTER HUTCHINSON, Esq. 
HARRISON GRAY, Esq. 
JOSEPH LEE, Esq. 
ISAAC WINSLOW, Esq. 



SAMUEL DANEORTH, Esq. 
PETER OLIVER, Esq. 
RICHARD LECHMERE, Esq. 
JONATHAN SIMPSON, Esq. 
JOSIAH EDSON, Esq. 
NATHANIEL RAY THOMAS, 
TIMOTHY RUGGLES, Esq. 



Esq. 



TIMOTHY PAINE, Esq. 
ABU A II W1LLARD, Esq. 
THOMAS HUTCHINSON, Jun r . Esq. 
JOHN MURRAY, Esq. 
DANIEL LEONARD, Esq. 
GEORGE WATSON, Esq." 
Boston Gazette, Monday, Any. 22, 1771. 



1 Should be Thomas Hutchinson, 

VOL. XXVIII. 



jnn., son of Gov. Hutchinson. 



G2 The Mandamus Councillors. [Jan. 

"We are told that twenty out of the thirty-six new appointed 
Councillors (exclusive of Mr. Palmer, who is absent from the Pro- 
vince, and Mr. Woodbridge, who died before the Mandamus's were 
received) have either refused to take the oath, or have since resigned 
their seats at that unconstitutional Board." 

Boston Gazette, Sept. 5, 1774. 

Note. — In the Gazette for Sept. 5 and Sept. 12, are published 
the names of several Councillors who had resigned, viz. : 

THOMAS OLIVER, Esq. ISAAC WINSLOW, Esq. 

SAMUEL DANFORTH, Esq. TIMOTHY PAINE, Esq. 

JOSEPH LEE, Esq. JONATHAN SIMPSON, Esq. 
ABIJA1I WILLARD, Esq. 

To these may be added the names of 

THOMAS HUTCHINSON, Jr. Esq., and GEORGE WATSON, Esq., 

which arc omitted from the lists of active members of the Council, 
published in the Journals of each Provincial Congress, pp. 36, 
113. The result is, that of the thirty-six persons appointed, one 
third part (twelve) were not sworn in, viz. : 

JOHN ERVING, Sen'. Esq. ANDREW OLIVER, Esq. 

JAMES RUSSELL, Esq. JOHN VVORTHINGTON, Esq. 

ISRAEL WILLIAMS, Esq. JEREMIAH POWELL, Esq. 

TIMOTHY WOODBRIDGE, Esq. THOMAS PALMER, Esq. 

WILLIAM VASSALL, Esq. ISAAC ROYALL, Esq. 

JOSEPH GREEN, Esq. ROBERT HOOPER, Esq.; 

nine, who were sworn in, afterward resigned, as above stated; so 
that there remained only fifteen active members of the "uncon- 
stitutional Board,'' known as the Mandamus Council, to wit : — 

THOMAS FLUKER, Esq. JOSTAII EDSON, Esq. 

PETER OLIVER, Esq. RICHARD LECIIMEkE, Esq. 

FOSTER HUTCHINSON, Esq. JOSIAU LORING, Esq. 

HARRISON GRAY, Esq. WILLIAM PEPPERRELL, Esq. 

TIMOTHY RLGGLES, Esq. JOHN MURRAY, Esq. 
NATHANIEL RAY THOMAS, Esq. DANIEL LEONARD, Esq. 

WILLIAM BROWN, Esq. JOHN ERVING, Jum. Esq. 
JAMES BOUTINEAU, Esq. 



MicnAEL Lok. — 1581, June 1G, Petitions the Council to be released 
from the Fleet Prison into which he was thrown at the suit of William 
Burrows, on account of a ship set forth for the last voyage of Capt. Fro- 
bisher. — Calendar State Papers, Domes. Series, 1581 -DO. 

Winslow. — In the ancient graveyard of Middletown, New-Jersey, is the 
following inscription : 

" In Memory of Isaac son of M r Avery & M" Jemima Winslow who died 
August 19 th 1790 in y c 10 year of his age Of Boston in New England." 



1874.] Savvey of JBridgeton^Me., in 1766. 63 



JOURNAL OF A SURVEY OF BRIDGETON, ME., IN 
1760, BY MR. SOLOMON WOOD. 

Communicated by Isaac B. Choate, Esq., of Gorham, Me. 

THE author of this journal, Mr. Solomon Wood, of B oxford, 
Mass., was employed by the proprietors of the town of Bridge- 
ton, Me., to "run out all that part of this township, lying west 
of Long Pond, into lots of half a mile in length, and one hundred 
rods in width, containing one hundred acres each. Mr. Wood, with 
five assistants, named Stevens, Stacy, Adams, m Parker and Field, 
commenced this work on the eighth of September, and completed it 
on the sixteenth of October, 17(i<>. lie was accompanied by, and 
acted under the direction of, a committee of the proprietors : con- 
sisting of Moody Bridges, 1 Richard Peabody, 2 and Col. Thomas 
Poor. 3 Several of the range lines were run by Mr. Bridges." 4 

Through the politeness of my friend, the Hon. J. P. Perley, of 
Bridgeton, I have been enabled to make this copy of a paper which 
illustrates a point of interest in the early history of that town. I 
have also enjoyed the advantages of receiving judicious suggestions 
from my venerable and honored friend, Dr. Moses Gould. 1 have 
changed nothing in making this copy, preferring that the quaint dic- 
tion of the original should stand in its truthful simplicity. 

Monday, August y c 25, 1766. 

Set of to Newbury Port Lodged there. 

26. Tuesday. Sailed about 3 oclock a thunder Shower a bout sun- 
down Laid a bord sloop on y e Bay. 

27. Wednesday, a fogey morning so continued till toward Night 
made Cap orp 5 & try d for Piscatway harbour but faild put off to 
sea beat all night a Stormy Night. 

28. Thursday, a thick morning & Painey made Capeanbut put of 
for Newbury Port & got within the bar and anchord there. 

29. Friday went up into y c Port &got some nesesarics & Lodged 
at Bro r Titcombs. 

30. Saturday Set Sail ye 2 d time for Casco bey 6 about 7 o clock 

1 Moody Bridges, for whom the town of Bridgeton was named, was a son of James and 
Eleanor (Moody) Bridges. (Sec Ukoistkk, viii. 252.) He was a resident of Andovcr, 
Mass., and was prominent in the affairs of that town. 

'-' Capt. Richard Peabody, of Boxford, a patriot of the revolution, was the youngest son 
of Stephen and Hannah (Swan) Peabody. (See Register, ii. 3G5.) lie was born 
April 13, 1731, and died .June 7, 1820. 

3 Col. Thos. Poor was an elder brother of Gen. Enoch Poor, of the revolutionary army. lie 
was born in Andovcr, July 19, 1732, and died at Medium, Sept. 23, 1804. lie was the fourth 
in descent from Daniel 5 Poor of Andovcr, through Daniel, 2 and Thomas 3 Poor, his father. 

4 Cram's address at Bridgeton, Jan. 8, 18.52, pp. .5 and (i. 

5 The word Caporp has heen hitherto regarded as unintelligible. I would suggest that 
Cape Porpoise, near Kennebunk, is intended. Notice the form under which Cape Ann 
appears in the nexr entry. 

<; Their destination was Falmouth, now Portland, the most convenient point from 
which to reach Bridgeton. 



C4 Survey of Bridgeton-, Me., in 17GG. [Jan. 

in y° morning A fresh N. wind got Down witliin a bout 3 or 4 
Leags of our port ye wind failed us. Lay all Night Rouling on the 
Seas. 

31. Sunday "YVe could see Cascobey But No wind to carry us in 
till a bout 2 o clock. y n we went on shore and went to Church paid 
18£ for our passage. 1 

Septcm r y c 1. Monday, a cloudy morning and afterwards a Rainy 
Day got a teem to Carry us to goraham town 8 for 45s. got to Cun- 
ants a bout sundown Peabody and I Lodgd there y c Rest went with 
y° stores. 

2. Tuesday. Rise as soon as it was light went to Mr. Ilamblens 3 
agreed with him to carry our stores to Sabaguck pond for ;")£ and 
4 Qr of Rum. got to the Pond a bout G o clock at Night with Part 
of stores. 

3. Wednesday. Adams and I lay at y e Pond a windy day campt 
there. 

4. Thursday I took y e Point from y° landing at Persontown 4 to 
y c grate mountain which bears N 20 D East, went up to M r Harveys 
to get a poitis for my hand — at eve y° canno Returned Lodged there. 

5. Friday Set of with tlie Rest of the Stores and got part of them 
up the Riples 5 into y e Little & campt till adams with the Rest at 
y c Riples. 

G. Saturday got to west Cove Near the head of long pond 6 Land- 
ed our stores Sent 2 Back for y e Rest of y c Stores. Peabody & I 
Lodged at y e Camp. Killd Dear in long pond. 

7. Sunday we went up to Pickwacet, 7 got there a bout 8 o Clock. 

8. Monday went to run y c North line Campted a bout y c 3 l1 Lot. 

9. Tuesday a fair morning set of a bout sunrise to run y c North 
Line. Run of all but 2 Lots in that Range. Campted by a mcado. 

10. Wednesday Run out y° E line & Run Down a bout J mile 9 a 
Rainy Day Came to Camp Stevens went to Pickwacet yesterday, 
an indian Dog came to camp this Night. 

1 The 18 C passage-money was doubtless reckoned and paid in the depreciated currency 
of the Province. Just how great the depreciation had become at this time I cannot learn, 
but it was such that Massachusetts took measures the following year to restore its cur- 
rency to the English standard. 

2 I think the part of Gorham referred to in the Journal was a farm just above Sacca- 
rappa, near the Presnmpscot River, still owned by the Conant family. This would lie 
in their direct route to the lake. 

J Mr. Hamblen's was probably near Little Falls on the Presnmpscot, three miles from 
Conant's and live from the lake. Sabaguck pond is now known as Sebago lake. 

* Pcarsontowu was the earlier name of Standish. The mountain referred to could not be 
Mt. Washington, although that would be in full view from the shore where they were en- 
camped, because its hearing would be, I think, more than twenty degrees west of north 
from any point on the lake. There is however, a considerable eminence in Raymond, 
about sixteen miles distant, which would have the bearing given. 

5 The Ripples were in Songo River, about three miles from its mouth. Ever since these 
waters were navigable, in 1820, a lock has been maintained at this point for tin 1 passage of 
boats. The word Pond is evidently to bo supplied after Little. This is Brandy Pond, two 
miles or more in length. 

G Lou^ Pond is a beautiful sheet of water, ten miles long and one broad. Almost all its 
western shore lies in Bridgeton. 

7 Pickwaukett is as famous for the romance of its early history, as is the modern Fryc- 
burg for the beauty of its scenery. 



1874.] Survey of Bridgetown, Me., in 1700. G5 

11. Thirsday went out to Survey at y° west of Crotclicd Pond 1 a 
Rainey forenoon. Laid of y e head of 2 lots one sideline. 

12. Friday Run y e 2 nd Rang from Crotclicd Pond to y e E line on 
head of 1 lots and Run Down y c Side line of y c ' 6 th Range to y e Camp 
Some Pain. 

13. Satarday a Very Painey day. kecpt Camp & pland what we 
had Done. Stephens Returned from Pigwacket to Camp in Pon- 
dichery 2 3 of y c men just at Night clutch 14 lb \ offish. 

14. Sunday a Pleasant fair day a little cloudy at night — we chased 
a Pear in y c Pond just over halld her but could not clutch. 

15. Monday Pun of 10 Lots headed 2 Better than 5 miles in 
y c whole. Stacy clutch 15 lb % & Stephens 3 rb \- offish. 

10. Tuesday Pun of 10 Lots on the Nothe E corner Ct. 4 lb of 
fish. 

17. WednesDay Pun of 12 Lots on headline chiteh 10 11) offish. 

18. Thursday Pun of 10 Lots between Long Pond & Crotclicd 
Pond a good day Pun 10 miles by the Chain. 

19. Friday a Painey Day Pun of about $ lots. 

20. Satarday a Painey Day Pun y e E line to E pond Capt Poor 
came up. 

21. Sunday a fair warm Day Bradley went to Pickwockct with 
Capt Poor's horse. 

22. Monday we took Provision 8 of us & went to Lay out y e land 
between crotclicd pond and moose pond Pan of 8 lots Left 2 Lots on 
y e S. AV. Corner at y e head of Moose pond in y e bog on y c first & 2 
Pang and Pun Down y e line on y e heads of 2 of the Lots No 2. 

23. Tuesday Pun of 10 lots Pun to Moose pond to No. 1 a fair Day. 

24. Wednesday a fair day Pun of 10 lots And Stacy come up to 
our Camp & killd two Pares young ones — boath. 

25. Thursday a cloudy morning. Mr Bridge & Parker went to 
Pickwacct Stacy Return to y° general Camp, carried one of the 
Bares we Pun of lots. Pun from Crotclicd pond on Range from 
No 4 its 102 Rods to Beyer pond & strikes near the head, the Pond 
Lays chiefly in N. 4 the head of the Pond is a bout as much East of 
the line on y u Range as the Range 5 is below &c. towards Night it 
began to rain. Capt Poor & Peabody built a Burch Camp. Rained 
hard all Night. 

20. Friday a very Painey Day all Day Capt Poor & Stephens 
went to the general Camp. 

27. Satarday Capt. Poor & Stephens came back to the camp W 
of Crotclicd Pond about 11 o Clock Peabody & Fields went to the 
general camp a Very Dull Day Stormcy all day. 

28. Sunday a fair day But cloudy this Day Divided in three parts 
No Book with this of mine. 

1 Crotclicd Pond still retains its euphonic name. It is about three miles long; and on 
its outlet is located the village of Dridgcton Centre. 

2 Pondicherry was the name which this township bore until its incorporation, when it 
received the name of Bridgeton in honor of .Mr. Moody Bridges, one of the proprietors. 

VOL. XXVIII. G* 



C6 Survey of Bridgetown •> Me., in 17G6. [Jan, 

29. Monday a Rainey fore noon Very Rainey we made a Raft & 
went of a fishing in Crotched Pond but chictht none. 

30. Tuesday Surveyed over to Moose Pond Pun out y of Lots 

Bridges & Parker came from Pickwacet. we laid out without fire food 
or Blankets got No cold. 

Oct 1. Wednesday a fair Day Run 9 lots y e Rang 11 crost wood 
pond. 1 

October y c 1, 1766. 

2. Thusday a fair Day Run a bout 8 lots. 

3. Friday a fair Day laid out 12 lots Run 8 Lots. 

4. Saturday a Rainey afternoon finished y e Rang 14 on y e W Side 
of Long Pond & pland all y l had been Done. 

5. Sunday a fair Day. 

6. Monday a Rainey Day Very Rainey. 

7. Tusday a fair Day. 

8. Wedncs Day a fair Day. 

9. Thursday a fair Day. 

10. Friday Peabody & Stacy went to Pickwacet at noon and we 
went out on Rang 20 Run 4 Lots & Campt. 

11. Saturday finished that Rang & Run in on Rang 21 close within 
one yard the head Pine. 

12. Sunday Night Mr Fry Engals Holt came to camp to help survey. 

13. Monday Mr. Bridges Run the Range 22 made 35 Rods Error. 

14. A Tuesday y e 23 Range Killd a cub error 20 R. 

15. Wednesday Bridges Run Range 26 Er d . 20. 

16. Thursday Bridges Run Rang 27 Er d . 30 R. 

This Night Dismist my hands & Left Surveying good weather 
a grand frolick at Night. 

17. Friday Bridges went to Pigwackct in the morning a bout 11 
o Clock we Set of from the camp for home — got as far as Cols fry 
Island 2 this Night with Difficulty. 

18. Satarday got to Mr Ilarveys at Person Town a bout 10 oclock 
Dind & went as far as Mr Hamblen in goram Town agreed with Mr 
Harvey to carry my chest to Mr Elsleys for 18s. & wrote him to send 
it to Mr. Isaac Johnson's in Newbury. Expense 1:5:8. 

19. Sunday went to D 3 to Mr Elven's Parish & keept 
Sabbath Some Rain at Night. 

20. Monday Come to Sawco faulls and broke fast we was a bout 
7 miles from thence to Capt Kimball's in Kennebunk 12 miles & 
Dind thence to Mr Littlefield in Wells a bout 8 miles Supt & Lodged. 
Very wet & in Disposed parted witli my Company about 5 or 6 miles 
before I got to Littleficld's in Kennebunk a Rainey after noon. 

21. Tuesday travcld to Mr. Warren's in Berwick 5 miles from 

1 I had supposed that Wood's Pond, as it is called, in Brhlgcton, took its name from this 
early surveyor ; but from the manner in which it is mentioned in this journal, I conclude it 
did not. 

2 Frye's Island is in Scbago Lake, near the south shore. It still retains its name. 

3 This imperfect entry evidently refers to Dunstan in Scarborough. Rev. Richard Elvin, 
the first pastor of that parish, was settled Nov. 7, 1744, and died Aug. 12, 1770. 



1874,] Records of Hull, Mass. G7 

Littlefields Broke fast paid lGs. 9 o Clock — got to Daniel Wood's & 
Dind tarried 3 or 4 Hours went a bout 3 miles Mr. Bridges overtook 
me I rode his horse to Colo Titcombs Drank some flip with Mr. 
Bridges Lodged at Bror John Woods. 

22. Wednesday a Ivainey Day went to see Mr. Hodge Lodged at 
Bro r Woods. 

23. Thursday Set of from Bro r Woods Sun a bout half an Hour 
High Stopt at Mr. Holsoms — Drank a Dram — thence went to 
Northampton to Lovcts & Dind 12 miles from Newbury Mr 
Gcorgings Died y e 21 Day of octo r — charges here is 7s. 9d. — thence 
to hamton falls to Salborns Drank 1-2 a Boll of tody. 3s. arived at 
Newbury a bout Dark Lodged at Bro r Titcomb. 

24. Friday a very Stormy Day tarried at Newbury. 

25. Satarday came to Boxford arived a bout \ after one o Clock. 



RECORDS OF HULL, MASS. 

Communicated by "Willard S. Allen, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

BIRTHS. 

Continued from Vol. xxvii. pnge 3G3. 

John Bartlett son to John & Marcey Bartlett born April 19, 1G02 

Ann Bartlett dr. to do. " Dec. 4, 1693 

Hannah Bartlett dr. to do " Aug. 20, 1702 

Lidea Goold dr. to John & Lidea Goold " Dec. 13, 1702 

Rachel Jones dr. to Thomas & Mary Jones " Feb. 18, 1702 

Mary Colyer dr. to Gershan & Eliz nh Colyer " March 7, 1703 

Elizabeth Binney dr. to Samuel and Rebecca Binney " Dec. 25, 1702 

Ric[hard?] Bartlett son to John & Marcey Bartlett " April 8, 170-1 

Justes Soper son to John & Mary Soper " Aug. 15, 170-1 

Beniaman Loring son to Beni' n & Annali Loring " April 2, 170-1 

Elizabeth Goold dr. to John & Lideah Goold " Aug. 15, 170-1 

Samuel Stubes son to Richard & Rebecca Stubes " Nov. 22, 1704 

Rebecca Lobdell dr. to Joseph & Eliz' tu Lobdell " Nov. 10, 170-1 

Samuel Biney son to Samuel & Rebecca Biney " Dec. 4, 1704 

Sarah Jones dr. to Beniaman & Eliz' th Jones " April 2, 1705 

John Loring son to John & Jane Loring " May 16, 1705 

Sarah Vickrey dr. to Beniaman & Dorcas Vickrey " April 11, 1705 

John Binney son to John & Hannah Binney " April 23, 1705 

Anstes Goold dr. to Roberd & Jane Goold " Aug. 20, 1705 

Beniaman Bartlett son to John & Marsey Bartlett " March 31, 170| 

Beniaman Green son to Joseph & Eliz' th Green " Dec. 5, 1704 

James Green son to do " April 8, 170G 

Thomas Colyer son to Gershan & Eliz' th Colyer " Jan'y 27, 170-J 

John Loring son to John & Jane Boring " April 10, 1700 

Mary Goold dr. to James & Mary Goold " April 22, 1700 



68 



Records of Hull, Mass. 



[Jan. 



Elizabeth Lobdell dr. to Joseph & Elizabeth Lobdell b< 

Amih Loring dr. to Beniaman & Anah Loring 

Hannah Jones dr. to Thomas & Mary Jones 

Isaac Biney son to Samuel & Rebecca Binney 

Abraham Jones son to Beniaman & Eliz nh Jones 

Sarah Soper dr. to John & Mary Soper 

Jeremiah Goold son to Rob't & Sarah Goold 

Joshua Biny son to John & Hannah Biney 

John Goold son to John & Lideah Goold 

John Loring son to John & Jane Loring 

Abigail Vickrey dr. to Joseph & Abigail Vickrey 

Icabud Vickrey son to Beniaman & Dorcas Vickrey 

Rebecca Stubes dr. to Richard & Rebecca Stubes 

Elizabeth Jones dr. to. Thomas & Sarah Jones 

Mary Green dr. to Joseph & Eliz' th Green 

Desiar Rider dr. to Joseph & Mary Rider 

Nicklas Bartlett son to John & Marsey Bartlett 

Gershan Colyer son to Gershan & Eliz' th Colyer 

Barshebe Melton dr. to Joseph & Barshebe Melton 

John Bos worth son to John & Eliz' th Bosworth 

Japeth Goold son to Robert & Sarah Goold 

John Dilley son to John & Mary Dilley 

Mary Green dr. to Joseph & Eliz th Green 

Sarah Jones dr. to Thomas & Sarah Jones 

Jacob Jones son to Beniamin & Eliz nh Jones 

Nicoles Soper son to John & Mary Soper 

Mary Loring dr. to Beniaman & Anah Loring 

Marcey Beney dr. to John & Hannah Biney 

Han ah Rider dr. to Joseph & Mary Rider 

Elijah Vicrey son to Israll & Judah Vicrey 

Jane Loring dr. to John & Jane Loring 

Rebecca Benson dr. to Joseph & Rebeccah Benson 

Sarah Bosworth dr. to John & Eliz nh Bosworth 

Anna Johns dr. to Thomas & Sarah Jones 

Rebecca Vickere dr. to Joseph & Abigail Vickere 

Rebakah Beny dr. to Samuel & Rebaka Beney 

John Stubes son to Richard & Rebaka Stubs 

James Loren son to John & Lizabeth Loren 

Mary Vickere dr. to Benj'n & Mary Vickere 

Robart Goold son to John & Lideah Goold 

Ruth Goold dr. to Robert sen. & Sarah Goold 

Amos Beny son to John & Ilanah Beny 

Mary Deele 

Nikolas Lorin son to John & Jane Lorin 

Elizabeth Beny dr. to Thomas & Margaret Beny 

Marcey Vickere dr. to George Jr. & Elizabeth Vickere 

Sarah Milton dr. to Joseph & Barsabe Milton 

James Lorin son to John & Eliz' Ul Lorin 

David Dixon son to John & Elizabeth Dixen 

Rebekah Lorin dr. to Beniam" 1 & Anna Lorin 

John Colyer dr. to Gerslioin & Eliz' th Colyer 

Considder Soper dr. to John & Mary Soper 

Elizabeth Johns dr. to Beniam 11 & Eliz' th Johns 



>rn 


July 31, 


170G 


k 


Oct. 3, 


170G 


a 


Jan'y 16, 


170f 


ii 


Dec. Ii), 


170G 


a 


March 12, 


1707 


a 


March 17, 


1707 


a 


July 12, 


1707 


a 


June 20, 


1707 


a 


Oct. 1G, 


1707 


u 


Jan'y 13, 


170} 


a 


Dec. 17, 


1707 


a ' 


Oct. 30, 


1707 


a 


Nov. 18, 


1707 


4. 


July 7, 


1707 


u 


Nov. 4, 


1707 


it 


Dec. 20, 


1707 


a 


June 5, 


1708 


u 


April 5, 


1708 


a 


July 31, 


1708 


it 


May 9, 


1708 


it 


Jan'y 2, 


170f 


a 


Dec. 2.3, 


1708 


a 


Jan. 10, 


170f 


(t 


Dec. G, 


1708 


(t 


June 15, 


1709 


a 


July 12, 


1709 


u 


Sep. 7, 


1709 


u 


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1709 


ti 


Oct. 10, 


1709 


u 


Nov. 2, 


1709 


a 


Oct. 7, 


1709 


u 


Dec. 1, 


1709 


a 


March 20, 


1710 


a 


Feb. 1G, 


1709 


a 


May 28, 


1710 


a 


June 21, 


1710 


a 


May 12, 


1710 


(l 


Oct. 18, 


1710 


ii 


Nov. 10, 


1710 


a 


Feb. 15, 


1711 


a 


June 3, 


1711 


a 


Feb. 5, 


1711 


it 


Feb. 5, 


17IO 
1 / TT 


u 


Sep. 1, 


1711 


a 


Sep. 10, 


1711 


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Sep. 14, 


1711 


ii 


April 2-1, 


1712 


ti 


Jan. 18, 


17J4 


a 


June 23, 


1712 


a 


June G, 


1712 


ii 


Sep. 10, 


1710 


a 


Aug. 9, 


1712 


a 


Nov. 5, 


1712 



1874.] The Douglas Family of J\fass. and Maine* G9 

Jammimali Rider dr. to Joseph & ■ Rider bom April 3, 1712 

Samuel Goold son to John & Laedah Goold " April 1, 1713 

Gershoni Colyer son to Gersliom & Eliz' th Colyer " Nov. 1, 1713 

John Dixon son to John & Eliz nh Dixon " Aug. 20, 1713 

Sarey Joens dr. Thomas & Sarah Jons " Dec. 19, 1713 

Thomas Lorin son to John & Jane Lorine " Aug. 30, 1713 

George Vickere son to George & Eliz' tu Vickere " Nov. 12, 1713 

Thomas Beney son to Thomas & Marget Beny " Jan. 10, 1713 

Hannah Vickere dr. to Joseph & Abigal Vickere " March 3, 1713 

Isarcl Golbord son to William & Jane Gilberds " Feb. 10, 1713 

Beniaman Vickere son to Beniaman & Mary Vickere " April 18, 1714 

David Lorin son to Beniaman & Anna Lorin " - Aug. 5, 1714 

Nathaniel Deell son to John & Mary Deell " June 10, 1713 

Sarah Loring dr. to John & Lizabeth Loring " Dec. 25, 1714 

Sarah Benson dr. to Benj. & Experience Benson " Feb. 15, 17^| 

Joseph Goold son to Joseph & Mary Goold " Jan'y 27, 1715 

Marthew Loring " Oct. 10, 1G84 

Hannah Loring dr. to Mathew & Experience Loring " Sep. 1, 1715 

Judath Goold dr. to John & Lydaah Goold " July 4, 1715 

Elkenc Beney son to John & Hannah Beney " Dec. 28, 1715 

Solomon Loring son to John & Jane Loring " Jan'y 12, 17-[|- 

Samuell Gelbord son to William & Jude Gelbord " July 22, 1714 

Mary Geelbord dr. to do " Dec. 20, 1715 

Caleb Beney son to Samuel & Rebakah Beny " June 1, 1 71 G 

Elizabeth Bosworth dr. to Larney & Mary Bosworth " Feb. 27, 1716 

Sarah Beny dr. to Thomas & Margaret Beny " Dec. 10, 1716 

John Bartlet son to John & Experience Bartlet " Sep. 24, 1716 

Richard Stubs son to Richard & Jael Stubs " Nov. 0, 1717 

John Colyer son to Gershom & Jude Colyer " March 0, 1716 

Rachell Loring dr. to John & Jean Loring " Oct. 17, 1717 

Elizabeth Loring dr. to John & Eliz nh Loring " March 12, 1717 

Samuel Goold son to Joseph & Mary Goold " Nov. 21, 1717 

Joseph Benson son to Joseph & Rebeccali Benson " Aug. 12, 1715 

Mary Benson dr. to Joseph & Rebeccah Benson " April 2-1, 1718 

[To be continued.] 



THE DOUGLAS FAMILY OF MASSACHUSETTS AND 

MAINE. 

By J. Lufkin Douglas, Esq., of Bath, Maine. 

JOHN 1 DOUGLAS was kidnapped in London, England, and 
brought in a ship to Boston, .Mass. lie settled in Middle- 
borough, Mass.,* where about 171!) he married Eunice Kattleleaf 
[(Ju. llatliffc ?] of that town. He bought of John Bennett, Jr. , May 

* The compiler of this article informs us that the preceding facts and other subsequent 
occurrences were related to him more than twenty years ago by his father Joshua 4 Douglas 
(family 7, child vii.) who is still living, and has often since repeated them. They were 
told to Joshua 4 by his grandfather, Elijah, 3 the oldest son of the person of whom the above 
statement is made. 

This statement is confirmed, he adds, by Mrs. Lydia (Douglas) Manter (family 1G, 



70 The Douglas Family of \Mass. and Maine. [Jan. 

7, 1739, a farm of 37 acres for the sum of thirty pounds. This farm 
was situated in Middleborough, being the 134th lot in the third 

allotment in the purchase known as the sixteen shilling purchase. 
He lived on this farm, where he died at an advanced age. His 
children were : 

2. i. Elijah, b. in Midclleboro 5 abt. 1720; d. in Durham, Me., abt. 

1807. 

3. ii. JonN, b, in M. abt. 1722; m. Mary Braley; d. in the revolu- 

tionary war. 

4. hi. George, b. in M. abt. 1725 ; d. April 13, 1793. > 

2. Elijah 2 (John 1 ), m. first, Phcbe Taylor; settled in his native 
town. They had born unto them three sons and two daughters. 
His wife, the oldest son and two daughters died, and he with his two 
surviving sons moved to the township of North Yarmouth (now 
Harpswell), Maine, where he bought, in company with Benjamin 
"YVmslow, of Falmouth, one-half of what is now known as Birch 
Island, for the sum of seventy-six pounds thirteen shillings and four 
pence. lie married, second, Elizabeth Estes, of North Yarmouth. 
In 1775 he removed and settled in the township of Royallsborough 
(now Durham). He was the first of the name that joined the so- 
ciety of Friends, having united with them in Falmouth, Me., flunc 
29, 1754. lie was a large land owner, and was epiite well-to-do in 
the world for those times. lie was totally blind fourteen years pre- 
vious to his death. His children were : 

i. Martin, b. in Middleborough, Mass., May 2, 171-1. It is sup- 
posed he died young. 

5. ii. Daniel, b. in Middleborough, 1717. 

G. iii. Cornelius, b. in Middleborough, Sept. 12, 1710. 

Children of Elijah and Elizabeth (Estes) Douglas. 

7. iv. Joseph, b. in North Yarmouth, now Harpswell, April 8, 1753. 

8. v. Jon, b. in N. Yarmouth, Oct. 0, 1754. 

9. vi. Israel, b. in N. Yarmouth, July 17, 175 G. 

vii. Sarah, b. in Harpswell, June 13, 1759 ; m. Benjamin Doughty ; 
set. in Brunswick, Me. 

viii. Patience, b. in Harpswell, March 21, 17G1. No further re- 
cord of her ; probably died young. 

ix. Mary, b. in Harpswell, July 10, 17G3; m. Daniel Booker; re- 
sided and d. in Bowdoin, Me. 

child xi.), of Plymouth, Mass., and her brother Joshua, children of John and Lydia 
(Southworth) Doughs. It was told to them by their parents. Mrs. Mantcr gives t ho 
following additional particulars which she obtained from the same source : — John 1 Douglas 
had an uncle, a wealthy merchant living in London, who wished his nephew to go and live 
with him, promising to" make him his heir, as he had no children of his own. To this ins 
father would not consent; but the boy, then twelve years old, was so well pleased with his 
uncle's generous oiler that he ran away with the intention of going to him. On reaching 
London, he could not find his uncle; so he strolled down about the wharves, as a little boy 
would naturally do. There lay in port a ship nearly ready for sea. The boy attracted the 
notice of the crew, who, taking advantage of his being alone and unprotected, pressed him 
on board the ship and concealed him till the ship was well out to sea. r J he vessel was 
bound tor Boston and arrived there in due time. John was put out to a man till he should 
become of age, in consideration of a sum of money required to pay his passage. John's 
father never knew what became of his son. J. w. l>. 



1874.] The Douglas Family of JSfass. and Maine, 71 

10. x. Elijah, b. in Harpswell, June 23, 17 08. 

11. xi. John, " " « Nov. 8, 1774. 

3. John 2 (John 1 ), m. Mary Braley ; settled in his native town ; 
d. in the revolutionary war. His children were : 

12. i. John, b. in Middleborough, Mass., March 11, 1752. 

ii. Ephraim, b. in " " about 1754; d. unmarried 

in revolutionary war, 1777. 
iii. Eltsiia, b. in Middleborongli about 177G. Settled in Maine, 

iv. Mary, b. in Middleborough about 1778. 

v. Elizabeth, " " " " 1780. ' 

vi. Sarah, " " « " 1780. 

vii. Phebe, " " " " 1775. 

4. George 2 (John 1 ), m. Prudence Caswell. He was a farmer, 

and always resided in his native town. He d. April 13, 17 ( J3. His 
wife d. March 14, 1798. Many of his descendants now live in 
Rochester, Mass. His children, all b. in Middleborongli, were : 

i. Prudence, b. about 17G0; m. Enoch Swift; d. Jan. 15, 1835. 

13. ii. George, b. Aug. 2G, 17G2. 

14. iii. Noah, b. about 17G4. 
iv. Selaii, b. " 17G7. 
v. Jotiiam, b. " 1770. 

5. Daniel' (Elijah, 2 John 1 ), was b. 1747; m. June 9, 1779, 
Sabry Russell, farmer ; settled in Freeport, Me. His children, all 
b. in Freeport, Me., were : 

i. Daniel, m. Sarah Bailey ; live on the homestead. 

ii. Cornelius, b. Sept. 19, 1780 ; m. Hannah Wliitteinore ; d. 1833. 

iii. Nabby, b. 1782 ; m. July 21, 1804, James Welch. 

iv. Svlvania, b. 1784; m. Zacharias Allen ; d. Dec., 1848. 

v. Annie, b. 1785; m. William Gross, 1804. 

vi. Piiebe, b. about 1787 ; m. Samuel Gross. 

G. Cornelius 3 (Elijah, 2 John 1 ), when 18 years old, m. first, 
Anne Estes, of North Yarmouth (now Harpswell) , Mc. lie bought 
100 acres of wild land to make him a farm, of the proprietors of the 
Pejepscot purchase,* for which he paid twenty-six pounds thirteen 
shillings and four pence lawful money. The said land is situated in 
the township of Koyallsborough (now Durham), Mc. He built the 
fifth log house in the township. January 28, 1790, his wife died, 
and July 3, 1791, he m. second, Lydia Buffum, of Berwick. He 
was a member of the society of Friends. He d. June 20, 1821. 
His second wife d. Aug. 31, 1837. His children were : 

i. John, b. in Harpswell, Sept. 8, 17G8; m. Judith Collins; d. 

June 17, 1802. 
ii. Edward, b. in Harpswell, June 30, 1770; m. Esther Collins; 

d. April 18, 1823. 
iii. Piiebe, b. in Harpswell, Nov. 12, 1772; m. Ebenezer Austin; 

d. Jan. 15, 1817. 

* The Pejepscot purchase was held by virtue of a deed, called the "Wommbo deed, given 
by the Indians. 



72 The Douglas Family of Mass. and Maine. [Jau. 

iv. JosErn, b. in Royallsborougli, now Durham, Aug. 1, 1774; 

unm. ; d. June 6, 1782. 
v. Anna, b. in Durham, July 15, 1792; m. Samuel G-oddard; d. 

Oct. 4, 1840. 
vi. Joseph, b. in Durham, May 28, 1793; unm.; drowned Aug. 

27, 1814. 
15. vii. Joshua, b. in Durham, Sept. 8, 1794; m. first, Jane Adams; 

second, Lucy Beal. 
viii. David, b. in Durham, July 16, 179G; m. first, Hannah Davis; 

second, Chloe Davis; d. in Ohio, Dec. 3, 18G3. . 
ix. Cornelius, b. in Durham ; m. Phebe Nichols, Jan., 1820. 
x. Lydia, b. in Durham, Dec. 28, 1799; m. Geo. \V. Morse; d. 

Nov. 29, 1843. 
xi. Patience, b. in Durham, Feb. 15, 1803; m. Benjamin Davis; 

resides on the old homestead. 

7. Joseph 8 {Elijah? John 1 ), m. Sept. 4, 1773, Mary McFall. 

lie built a log house and settled on a farm left him by his father, 
situated in Royallsborougli (now Durham), Me. lie was a very 
powerful minister in the society of Friends. lie d. in the year 1822. 
His children, all born in Durham, Me., were : 

i. Elijah, b. June 24, 1775. 

ii. David, b. Aug. 11, 1779 ; m. Waity Hawks. 

iii. Moses, b. July 28, 1784; m. ; d. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. May 20, 1786. 

v. Rachel, b. June 29, 1788. 

vi. Rebecca, b. May 29, 1790. 

8. Job 3 (Elijah? John 1 ), m. Mary Booker, June 9, 1776; 
settled in Freeport, Me. ; removed to Bowdoin ; d. at his son 
Benjamin's, March 15, 1843. Ilia children, all born in Freeport, 
were : 

i. Joseph, b. 1777; m. Sarah Sawyer; set. in Litchfield; d. 

1843. 
ii. Dr. Samuel, b. Aug., 1779; m. first, Sarah Preble; second, 

Sarah Stevens; d. 18G5. 
iii. James, b. July 1, 1780; m. Eliza M. Banks, Dec. 19, 1799; 

d. July 21, 1821. 
iv. Elizabeth, b. 1782 ; m. Thomas Preble, 
v. Mercy, b. 1784. 

vi. Elijah, b. 178G ; m. July 24, 1808, Sally Davis, of Litchfield, 
vii. Job, b. 1788; m. Margaret Brown, 
viii. Benjamin, b. Dec. 1G, 1789 ; m. Oct. 5, 1815, Betsey Potter; 

d. July 13, 1871. 
ix. Mary, b. about 1791; unmarried. 
x. Mariam, b. 1792; 

xi. Sarah, m. Robert Blanchard ; no chil. ; res. Bowdoin. 
xii. Israel, m. Patience Sylvester, 
xiii. Hannah, m. Matthew Campbell; lived in Litchfield. 

xiv. Ruth, m. Forbus, farmer. 

xv. Esther, m. David Gatchell. 

9. Israel 3 (Elijah? John 1 ), m. Mary Rodic, of Harpswell, 



1874.] The Douglas Family of Mass. and Maine. 73 

farmer ; always resided in Ilarpswell ; date of his deatli not known. 
His children, all born in Ilarpswell, were : 

i. Thomas, b. Dec. 6, 1777 ; d. July 2, 1827. 

ii. Patience, b. April 3, 1781 ; m. J. Rodic; d. Aug. 1838. 

iii. Capt. David, b. Jan. 22, 1783; in. Sally Merry man ; sea capt. ; 
d. Jan. 14, 1816. 

iv. William, b. June 19, 1784 ; d. June, 1810. 

v. Jenny, b. Dec. 17, 1785 ; d. Sept., 1807. 

vi. George, b. May 15, 1787 ; m. ; d. Jan., 1821. 

vii. Hannah, b. Nov. 19, 1790; d. April, 1807. 

viii.MAEY, b. Jan. 9, 1793 ; d. Dec, 1806. 

ix. Hugh, b. March 10, 1796; d. Aug., 1810. 

10. Elijah 3 (Elijah? John 1 ), m. October, 1787, Jenny 
Grant, of Frceport. He settled in Ilarpswell, died at Nathan 
Douglas's, October, 1849, and was buried in the Friends' grave-yard 
in Durham, Me. His children, all born in Ilarpswell, Me., were : 

i. Capt. Samuel, b. June 16, 1788 ; m. Esther Bartol, sea capt. ; 

d. July, 1868. 
ii. Susanna, b. Feb. 27, 1790 ; m. S. Wheeler; d. May 10, 1843. 
iii. John, b. June 23, 1792 ; d. 1817. 
iv. William, b. Jan. 12, 1795 ; m. Mary Sennett, Jan. 31, 1795 ; 

resides at Bucksport. 
v. Jenny, b. Feb. 6, 1797 ; m. M. Simpson, resides at Bucksport. 
vi. Mary, b. June 13, 1799 ; m. John Field ; resides at Brunswick, 
vii. Israel, b. July 6, 1802. 

viii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 29, 1804; m. II. French, Jan. 13, 1831. 
ix. Isaac, b. Dec. 31, 1806 ; m. Mary Finkharn, of Ilarpswell. 
x. Elmira, b. Dec. 14, 1809. 

11. John 3 (Elijah? John), m. first, Sarah Booker, Aug. 5, 
1796 ; m. second, Catherine (Briry) Booker. Settled in Durham, 
Me., on a farm left him by his father, 1820 ; moved on a farm on 
the bank of the Androscoggin river in same town, where he died,. 
Oct. 18, 1853. His ch., all born in Durham, were : 

i. Polly, b. May 16, 1797 ; d. Aug. 16, 1797. 

ii. Elizabeth, b June 18, 1798. 

iii. Hugh, b. Aug. 19, 1800; m. Julia A. Goddard ; d. Mar. 21, 

1836. 
iv. John, b. March 21, 1803; fell on a cart stake, causing death, 

Aug. 24, 1820. 
v. Joanna, b. Aug. 20, 1805 ; d. 1808. 
vi. Nancy B., b. Feb. 6, 1808 ; in. John B. Douglas, 
vii. Isaac, b. Feb. 7, 1811 ; m. 
viii. Sally, b. Jan. 30, 1814. 

ix. Enos, 1). Sept. 2, 1816 ; m. Nov., 1842, Nancy M. Jordan, 
x. Waitstill W.j b. Nov. 1, 1818 ; m. Jane Day. 

12. John 3 (John? John 1 ), m. 1776, Lydia Southworth. He 
taught a district school in his native town for fifteen winters in suc- 
cession, lie was drafted to serve in the revolutionary war, but not 
wishing to go, he furnished a substitute. In 1786 he moved to 

vol. xxvm. 7 



74 The Douglas Family of Mass. and Maine. [Jan. 

Plymouth and settled near the Half-way Pond. He taught the first 
school ever held in that neighborhood ; was a very honest and up- 
right man, so much so that he was called John the Baptist, lie 
died 1827. His cli. were : 

i. Rebecca, b. Sept. 2G, 1777 ; d. Sept. 5, 1778. 

ii. Ephratm, b. Nov. 22, 1778 ; in. Deborah llaskins ; d. July 20, 
18GG. 

iii. Lydia, b. Dec. 24, 1780 ; d. 1785. 

iv. John, b. Aug. 23, 1782 ; m. Feb. 18, 1801 ; d. Jan. 5, 
1873. 

v. Earl, b. Nov. 13, 1784 ; m. Mary Simmons ; d.. July, 1851. 

vi. Warren, b. Sept. 20, 178G ; m. Rhoda Thrasher. 

vii. Lucy, b. Sept. 9, 1788 ; m. Joseph Bates ; d. Aug. 30, 1872. 

viii. George, b. Jan. 21, 1792 ; m. Eliza Nightingale ; d. 1858. 

ix. Joshua, b. Jan. 25, 1795 ; m. Mary S. Pierce. 

x. Southwortii, b. April 1, 179G; d. July, 1807. 

xi. Lydia, b. Jan. 1G, 1799 ; m. Prince Manter. 

xii. Elijah, b. May 24, 1801 ; m. Louis Freeman. 

xiii. Sarah, b. March 24, 1805 ; d. May, 1822. 

13. George 8 {George, 2 John 1 ), b. Aug. 2G, 17G2 ; m. Dec. 5, 
1790, Patience Savcry, of Wareham. Settled in his native town; 
1801, moved to Brookfield, Mass., and in 1804 removed and settled 
in Rochester, Mass., where he was engaged in farming until his 
death, which occurred March 10, 1843. Ills wife died Dec. 11, 
18 G3. His ch. were : 

i. Barnabas Nye, b. in Middleborough, now Lakeville, Mass., 
Nov. 11, 1791 ; m. Sept. 19, 1828, Phebe N. Swift Farmer. 
Settled in Rochester, Mass., where he raised a large fami- 
ly. He d. March 9, 1873. 

ii. Betsey, b. in Middleborough, Mass., July 14, 1793 ; m. Dec. 
25, 1814, Nathaniel King. Settled in Rochester, Mass. 
Mrs. K. d. Feb. 7, 18G8. 

14. Noah 8 {George 2 John 1 ), b. 1764; m. Mary Scekcl, of 
Taunton, Mass. ; farmer ; resided at Middleborough ; died in New- 
Bedford. His ch. were : 



drowned at Sackville. 



l. Illias, b. in Mi 


ddlebor 


ough, . 


Rlas 


ii. Noah, b. 


a 




« 


iii. George, b. 


a 




a 


iv. Allen, b. 


a 




a 


v. Mary, b. 


u 




a 


vi. Harriet, b. 


a 




a 


vii. Prudence, b. 


u 




a 


viii. Elmira, b. 


a 




a 


ix. Amy, b. 


a 




u 



15. Joshua 4 (Cornelius, 3 Elijah, 2 John 1 ), now living (1873), 
in Durham, Me. ; in. first, June 11, 1818, Jane Adams, a minister 
of the society of Friends, who died Feb. 24, 1838. lie m. second, 
Lucy Bcal, Aug. .29, 1838. His ch. were : 



1874.] Captain Francis Clamper noione. 75 

i. Josepii, b. in Brunswick, March 24, 1819 ; m. Ann G. Beal, 

Jan. 16, 1812 ; d. Dec. 27, 1870. 
ii. Eliza Jane, b. in B. Feb. 23, 1822 ; m. June 20, 1818, James 

Goddard. 
iii. George, b. in Durham, Me., May 11, 1824; m. March 31, 

18-17, Elizabeth Ann Prescott. 
iv. John, b. in D., Feb. 2G, 1828 ; m. Sept. 30, 1852, Ann Maria 

Ilamblin. 
v. Charles, b. in D., Aug. 24, 1830 ; m. Sept. 28, 1858, Annie 

Elizabeth Fisher, 
vi. Joshua Lufkin (the compiler of this article), b. in D., April 

17, 1833 ; m. Nov. 25, 1856, Helen Lauramen Harvey, lie 

resides in Bath, Me. Cli. : 1. Ella Jane, b. in Durham, Me., 

Feb. 26, 1860 ; 2. Rosa Harvey, b. in I)., Nov. 9, 1862 ; 

3. Alice May, b. in Bath, Me., June 28, 1865 ; 4. Ida Laura, 

b. in B., Feb. 20, 1868, d. in Boston, Nov. 17, 1873; 

5. Carrie Emma, b. in B., April 19, 1871, d. in B., 

Nov. 8, 1873. 
vii. William Henry, b. in D., Oct. 13, 1847 ; m. May 15,' 1869, 

Ella II. Rolfe. 



CAPTAIN FRANCIS CIIAMPERNOWNE. 1 

By Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston. 

THE spectacle of families living with a broken hearth-stone, one 
fragment resting in the old and the other in the new world. 
the affections and the sympathies of kindred remaining unsevered, is 
one of the most impressive in the lives of our ancestors. The history 
of those who left their father-land in the period of colonization, to 
find homes and graves in the American wilderness, is invested with 
a melancholy and romantic interest. Life under such circumstances 
is surrounded with new perils and incidents, and subjected to new 
vicissitudes. The career of the immigrant, fresh from the influence 
of venerable traditions, customs, and feudal restraints, is dramatic 
and interesting in proportion as it mingles with historical characters 
and events, and comes within the range of our sympathies and soli- 
citude. An interest verging on the romantic gathers around him if 
he happens to be a scion of ancient or of noble family, or to bear a 
name made illustrious by his ancestors. 

Two centuries ago and upward the people of the ancient, the 
picturesque, and the almost sea-girt counties of Devon and Cornwall 
in England, were closely allied with the dwellers in New-England, 
especially those between the Merrimac and the Penobscot rivers. 
One was the offspring of the other. The same relations subsisted 

1 A substantial part of this memoir was read, by request, before tbc Maine Historical 
Society, at a meeting held in the city of Bath, Feb. 19, 1873. 



76 Captain Francis Ghampernoictie. [Jan. 

between them, although separated by a wide waste of waters, that 
now subsist between the people of the Atlantic and the Pacific states. 
The domestic circle was scarcely broken, so frequent and continuous 
was the communication between these people. Vessels sailed peri- 
odically between Dartmouth, Plymouth, Falmouth, and harbors 
bordering on the Bristol Channel, and the Piscataqua, Isles of 
Shoals, and harbors eastward, laden with merchandise, , passen- 
gers, and tokens of affection and remembrance. Nature seems to 
have designed these counties to form some intimate relations with 
the new world as soon as discovered, by thrusting them far out into 
the Atlantic ocean. Their territory lies nearer America than that 
of any other shire of England. 1 

In the reign of Charles the first, when the tide of English emigra- 
tion set strongly westward, more persons originating in Devon and 
Cornwall, and perhaps Somerset, were living on the sea-coast of 
Maine and New-Hampshire, and on the adjacent islands, than from 
all other counties in England. Looking over the family names one 
would imagine he was between Land's End and Bristol, in England, 
so numerous arc the coincidences in this respect. These people 
transferred to their iicav homes, as memorials of their birth-places, 
names dear to them, and for ages to their ancestors. Before the time 
of King Philip's war the names of Devonshire, Somersetshire, and 
Cornwall had been formally affixed to districts in Maine, divided by 
great rivers, having functions and the organization of counties. 
The names of towns and cities within these ancient shires had also 
been transferred to places in the new counties. Indeed the entire 
social and political aspects of these iicav settlements were similar to 
the south-west of England. Perhaps the similitude, in extent, was 
not then to be found in all the English settlements in America. 

To Devonshire, more than to the other two counties, these immi- 
grants owed their origin, their knowledge of commerce and the 
arts of life. This shire was then distinguished above all others of 
England for its navigation and agriculture, mining and manufactures, 
employments which admirably fitted the people for new settlements 
in America. The inhabitants were accounted " bold, martial, 
haughty of heart, prodigal of life, constant in affection, courteous 
to strangers, yet greedy of glory and honor." 2 Fuller, comparing 
them with the inhabitants of other shires of England, declares that 
they were distinguished for having universal genius ; and Queen 
Elizabeth used to say, "They were all born courtiers with a becoming 
confidence." 3 

The nobility and the gentry of this shire had no superior in Eng- 
land as regards ancient lineage and historic renown. The Hollands 
and the Seymours, the Carews and the Courtncys, and others, dukes 

1 " Cornwall, the farthest shire of England westwards."— Care w, Hist, of Cornwall, 1. 

2 Westcote's View of Devonshire, 42, 55. 

3 Fuller's Worthies of England, Devonshire. 



1874.] Captain Francis Champernowne. 77 

and earls, fill a considerable space in the history of Devonshire. 
The gentry shine with steady lustre in all periods of English history. 
The memorable deeds of Ralegh 1 and of Gilbert, of Drake and of 
Hawkins, and to these may be added the ever honored name of 
Gorges, are sufficient, if needed, to prove the quality of the people 
of Devonshire in the age of Elizabeth and James. 

The family of Champernowne 2 in antiquity and splendor of- de- 
scent is surpassed by few, if any, in the west of England. 3 West- 
cote, writing early in the reign of Charles the First, speaks of the 
" clarous and knightly family of Champernowne " of Devonshire ; 
and Prince, in a later reign, bestows high praise on the " eminent 
persons of this name, the history of whose actions and exploits, for 
the greatest part, is devoured by time?" 4 The origin of the family 
is lost in the mists of antiquity ; but from the long and memorable 
reign of Henry II., the stream of descent is clear to this day, 
through a period of more than seven hundred years. 5 During this 
time the name of Champernowne winds like a silver cord through 
the social, the military, and the naval annals of England. 

Before the reign of queen Mary the family of Champernowne, 
having the lineage of many illustrious houses, even that of the royal 
house of the Plantagenets, united with the ancient families of the 
Gilberts and the Raleghs, and thence came Sir Humphrey Gilbert and 
Sir Walter Ralegh, the two foremost names in Anglo-American 
history. 6 In the next reign an alliance with the old and knightly 
family of Fulford issued in a son whose destiny it was to share in the 
perils and fortunes of colonizing the new world, and to leave his 
name on the early records of New-England. 7 

The Champernowne family lived with dignity and splendor in Mod- 
bury, a parish midway between Plymouth and Dartmouth, during 
many centuries. It was accounted ancient there in the reign of Henry 
VII. Sir Arthur Champernowne, great-grandfather of the subject 
of this memoir, was the son of Sir Philip by Katherine, daughter of 
Sir Edmund, Baron Carew, a gallant soldier who fought in the 

1 Sir Walter Ralegh must be allowed to be the best authority for the mode of writing his 
own surname: I follow him. 

2 The La<t syllable of this name is variously spelt. I have adopted the spelling of Cap- 
tain Champernowne himself in the only undoubted autograph signature I have seen. In 
the old, provincial records, contemporary with him, in New-Hampshire and Maine, the re- 
cording otficer has, quite uniformly, spelt the name as in the text. In Carcw's history of 
Cornwall, printed in 1602, in the English State papers of this period, and in Burke's Landed 
Gentry, the name is uniformly in this form. The family now in possession of the ancestral 
manor of U.irtington write it this wise. 

3 Burke's Landed Gentry, Champernowne. 

4 Wcstcote's View of Devonshire, 392, 40G, 408, et sen. ; Prince, Worthies of Devon, 
192,194. ' ' 

3 Tuekett's Devonshire Pedigrees, Champernowne. Burke, ubi supra. 

6 Tuckett, ubi supra ; Edwards's Life of Sir Walter Ralegh, 1, chap. i. and ii. and Drake's 
Memoir of Rdegh, 13. The descent of the Champernownes from King John, through 
Rich ird, king of the Romans, is undisputed ; see Westcote, 4G9, 589, and Tuckett, ubi supra. 
Curiously enough, a correspondent living in Greenland, N. II., where Captain Champer- 
nowne lived, more than two centuries ago, informs me that tradition reports his "descent 
from royalty." On the other side of the Piscataqua river, in Kittery, Me., where he also 
lived, tradition says he was the " sou of a nobleman." 

7 Westcote, 434, GIL 

VOL. XXVIII. 7* 



78 Captain Francis Chdmpemowne. [Jan. 

memorable battle of Bosworth-field, under the banners of the Earl 
of Richmond. He was one of many distinguished sons of the Mod- 
bury house. In his younger days he was concerned with his cousin, 
Sir Peter Carew, in the western conspiracy against queen Mary of 
England, a very notable event in her short reign. In the time of 
Elizabeth he was vice-admiral of the west, and much employed in 
public affairs. He was associated with his celebrated nephew, Sir 
Humphrey Gilbert, in making plantations in Ireland, and connected 
with many other famous enterprises at home and abroad. For some 
public service, most probably, he was rewarded with the Abby-site 
of PolslOe, near Exeter, one of the monastic spoils of Henry VIII. 
This he exchanged, early in the reign of Elizabeth, for the historic 
barony of Dartington, situated on the western bank of the beautiful 
river Dart, two miles above Totnes, where his posterity continue to 
this day. A stately monument of alabaster, in the church of Dart- 
ington, commemorates his memory. 1 

From the Conquest this barony had been the seat of noble and 
illustrious families, the Hollands, Dukes of Exeter, being the last. 
Dartington manor-house, still standing, is a very ancient and pic- 
turesque structure, seated on an eminence in the peaceful and 
romantic scenery of the Dart, overlooking the town and vale of an- 
cient Totnes. It still bears marks of feudal magnificence and power, 
and ranks among the most famous of Devonshire antiquities. It is 
now the seat of Arthur Champernownc, Esquire, having descended 
to him from his distinguished ancestor the proprietor in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth. 2 

John Champernownc, the elder brother of Sir Arthur, married a 
daughter of the Lord Mountjoy, while his sister Katherine, by two 
marriages, became the mother of the renowned Sir Humphrey Gil- 
bert and Sir Walter Ralegh. How august a title to our reverence 
and to that of future generations, has this English Cornelia! She 
alone would suffice to make the name of Champernownc illustrious ; 
and sl^c is as deserving of a statue to her memory as the Roman 
matron. 3 

Sir Arthur Champernowne, the first proprietor of Dartington, mar- 
ried the daughter of Sir Henry Norreys, the widow of Sir George 
Carew, 4 and had two children, Gawcn, and Elizabeth, both destined 

1 Prince Worthies, 168, 192, 500 ; Burke's History of the Commoners, ii. 273 ; Calendar of 
State Papers, 1547-1580 ; Westcote, 408; Froude's History of England, vi. 146, 148; ix. 
36/5, 366. It is worthy of note that Mr. Froude was born in Dartington. 

2 Prince,, ubi supra,: A view of this manor-house is in Polwhele's Devon; also in Moore's 
Hist, of Devon. 

3 Katherine Champernownc's first husband was Otho Gilbert, and their sons were, Sir 
John, Sir Humphrey, and Sir Adrian Gilbert. Her second husband was Walter Ralegh, 
and their sons were, Carew and Sir Walter Ralegh. Tuckett's Pedigrees, ubi supra ; Drake's 
Memoir of Sir Walter Ralegh. 

4 Sir George Carew, a noted and accomplished naval commander, perished in the cele- 
brated " Mary Rose," the pride of the English navy, sunk off Portsmouth in 1545. Ho 
was the commander of this ill-fated ship at the time, and Avent down with all on hoard. 
His widow Mary, the daughter of Sir Henry Norreys, and sister to Henry, Baron Norreys, 
queen Elizabeth's amhassador to France, married Sir Arthur Champernownc of Dartington, 

.cousin to her first husband. 



1874.] Captain Francis Chctpijiernoione* 79 

to advance the interests and the honor of the family. Elizabeth be- 
came the wife of Sir Edward Seymour, of Berry Castle, a grandson of 
the Duke of Somerset, protector of England. A stately monument 
in the church of the parish of Berry Pomeroy, hard by Dartington, 
commemorates her memory and that of her husband and children. 
Her descendants have filled high places in England to this time. 
Gawen Champernowne inherited a passion for martial life. Iii 
his youth he served with his cousins, Sir Walter Ralegh and 
Henry Champernowne, with the English contingent in France, com- 
manded by the famous Huguenot general, the Count of Montgom- 
ery, whose great misfortunes alone would suffice to make his name 
memorable. 1 

In a grand tournament held in Paris, on the occasion of a great 
festival in honor of the marriage of one of the royal family, the 
King of France, Henry II. , having vanquished several noble an- 
tagonists, challenged the Count of Montgomery to break a pair of 
lances with him. The Count accepted. The king and his gallant 
subject met in full array, in the presence of the noblest assemblage 
in France ; and, on the first tilt, a fragment of the lance held by the 
Count struck the King in his left eye, at the instant when the sud- 
den shock had moved the visor of his helmet, and he fell mortally 
wounded. Upon this awful mishap the Count retired, first to Nor- 
mandy, and then into England, filled with the deepest grief for what 
had only accidentally happened. In England he became a convert to 
protestantism ; and when the civil war broke out in France, a few 
years later, he joined the prince of Conde, and the Admiral Coligny 
in the cause of the Huguenots. The Champernowne family, like 
many others in the west of England, espoused the cause of the re- 
formers in France and aided it with their fortunes and their valor. 
The marriage of Gawen Champernowne to Gabrielle, the beautiful 
and accomplished daughter of the Count of Montgomery, united the 
interests of the two families. He followed the fortunes of his father- 
in-law, through many years of civil strife, until the latter was taken 
prisoner at Domfront, in 1574, and publicly executed by the vic- 
torious Guises. Champernowne returned to England bereft of con- 
siderable of his fortune, while his wife lost all, the vast estates of her 
father being confiscated. His military experience in France enabled 
him to render good service to his country in the war with Spain 
which soon followed ; and he was entrusted with many responsible 
military offices in Devonshire. He was associated with the re- 
nowned Sir Francis Drake in several public employments. 2 

Gawen 3 Champernowne and the Lady Gabrielle, daughter of the 

1 Tuckctt and Burke, ubi supra; Westcote, 406, et seq. ; Edwards's Life, etc., ubi sxipra. 

3 Edwards's Life, etc., ubi supra; Nonvellc Biographic Generate, Montgomery ; Brown- 
ing's History of the Huguenots ; Calendar of State Papers, years 1583-1584. 

J Gawen is a very odd christian name ; but it is an old surname in Wilts and Somerset, 
and came into this family from the Carcws. Sir Gawen Carcw, a distinguished person at 
the court of Queen Elizabeth, was a son of Sir Edmund, Baron Carcw, tho great grand- 
father of Gawen Champernowne. 



80 Captain Francis Chqmpemowne. [Jan. 

Count of Montgomery, had nine children . Arthur, the father of 
the subject of this memoir, was the only son and heir. Seven of the 
eight daughters were married, all to gentlemen of ancient fam- 
ilies, several of them knights. 1 

Arthur Champcrnowne succeeded to the ancestral manor of Dart- 
ington on the death of his father, which happened a few years after* 
the memorable Spanish Armada threatened England. 3 lie was no less 
fond of adventure, and endowed with no less mental capability, than 
his ancestors ; but he displayed these personal qualities in quite another 
way. The losses of his father and grandfather in the religious wars 
of France, had diminished his patrimony to some extent ; and this 
circumstance, probably, directed his energies into fields of enterprise 
calculated to restore the ancient opulence of his house, as well as 
to provide a home in the new world for some of his many children. 3 
To commerce and to plantations in America was an easy transition, 
for one of his shire, from arenas of martial and political strife. His 
illustrious kinsmen had distinguished themselves in both fields of 
enterprise, and had raised to eminence both these employments. He 
was the owner, and the part owner, of many vessels of Dartmouth. 
Alexander Shapleigh, of Totnes, the same, undoubtedly, who came to 
the Piscataqua in 1640, and whose descendants continue there in high 
esteem to this day, was joint owner with him of the Benediction 
of Dartmouth. 4 

As early as November, 1G22, he had a commission from the 
council for New-England permitting his vessel, the " Chudlegh," an 
ancestral name, to trade and fish in the waters of New-England. 5 
This vessel did not sail, it is likely, before the following spring; 
and she may have the forgotten distinction of bearing to the Pis- 
cataqua some of the fathers of that settlement, begun at this time. 
It is probable that this, and other vessels belonging to him, made 
Atlantic voyages hither before and after this date. He became very 
well acquainted, through his commercial undertakings, and other 
means, with New-England and the various proprietary interests 
therein. Sir Eerdinando Gorges, one of the most active and 
largely concerned in planting and settling the country, was captain 
of the fortress and Island of St. Nicholas, at Plymouth, and ready 
to give information and to encourage adventurers. 

Upon the dissolution of the Council for New-England, a dozen 
years after despatching the Chudlegh, there was considerable move- 
ment in England among those attached to the established church 
and civil government, in favor of planting within the patents of Gorges 
and Mason, between the Merrimac and the Kennebec rivers. Gorges 



1 Tuckett's Pedigrees, ubi supra. 

2 Cal. of State Papers, A.D. 1592. 

3 Edwards's Life of Ralegh, ttbi supra. 

* Sec Cal. of State Papers from A.D. 1625 to 1631. Champernowne's vessels were, tho 
Chudlegh, St. Nicholas, Mary, Bridget, Benediction and others, all of Dartmouth. 
6 Proc. Am. Antiquarian Society, April, 1SG7, 70. 



1874.] Captain Francis Champernowne. bT 

made several grants of land lying within his province to persons 
who hastened to take possession, coining themselves or sending 
their agents. 1 

On the twelfth of December, 168G, Sir Ferdinando Gorges granted 
to Arthur Champernowne, of Partington , two tracts of land lying 
within the "Province of JN r cw Sommcrsett, in New-England," border- 
ing on the eastern shore of the Piscatacpta river, 2 and at the month. 
One embraced what has been known for the last hundred years and 
more, as the Gerrish and the Cntts Islands. The tide-water flows - 
around them, entering from the Piscataqua river as well as from 
Braveboat harbor, between Kittery and York. This stream was first 
called the river of Braveboat harbor, then Champernowne's Creek, 
and now Channcey's Creek. 3 Although commonly regarded as two 
distinct islands, they are, in reality, but one, being connected by a 
firm isthmus along the sea-shore over which the water never flows. 
By the terms of the grant this tract was " henceforth to be called, or 
known, by the name of Dartington," commemorative of Champer- 
nowne's own manor and parish without any doubt. 

The other tract of land, conveyed by the same instrument, was to 
contain "five hundred acres more of marsh land, lying upon the 
North East side of the sayd River of Braveboat Harbor, hereafter to 
be known or called by the name of Godmorocke, to be alotted out 
by Pichard Vines, Esq., my Steward Generall of my lands, the 
marsh lying not scattcringly, nor in length, but round and square 
together." This was laid out on the main-land nearest the islands, 
and extended a little way into the present town of York. A great 
deal of it was marsh and meadow land, held in high estimation by 
the first settlers. The origin and significance of the strange name 
applied to it, neither English nor Indian, is a mystery. It is, most 
likely, the name of some ancient seat belonging either to Gorges or 
Champernowne. Although possession of both tracts was soon taken 
under the grant, neither of these names, so formally given, ever at- 
tached. For more than a hundred years succeeding this event, the 
Dartington tract was known as the Champernowne Islands, a name 
that never ought to have been taken from them. The other tract, 
being on the main land and not distinguished by any notable feature, 
never had any specific name. Gorges appointed his "trusty and 
well beloved nephew Francis Champernowne Gentle: one of the 
sons of the said Arthur ChampernoAvne, and the said Richard Vines, 

1 Compare Willis's Hist, of Portland, and Folsom's Saco and Biddcford. 

2 This grant lias been wholly overlooked by historians. It is, probably, what Hubbard 
refers to in his history, page 24-i, when he speaks of Gorges making grants to "Captain 
Champernowne and his cousin Gorges, about Agamentieus." Some part of the tract called 
in the grant, Godmorocke, extended into Agamentieus, now York. 

:) Braveboat is a singular name for a harbor. What it signifies or commemorates seems 
to be unknown. In later times it is variously spelt, and pronounced; but in the earlier re- 
cords, pretty uniformly, as in the text. Mass. Hist. Coll. iii. 7. See Fitch's MS. History of 
New-Hampshire fir description of places about the Piscataqua river. It is now one hundred 
and fifty years since this little work was written. It ought to be printed. 



82 Captain Francis Clamper •noivne. [Jan. 

Esqrs.," to give legal possession to tlie grantee. 1 Never, in any 
connection, does Gorges mention Francis Champernowne without 
styling him his nephew, a circumstance that indicates an affectionate 
regard for him, and points out the degree of kindred between them. 
lie reposed great confidence and trust in him, giving him high 
places in the proprietary government of Maine. Their relationship 
appears to be through the honorable family of Fulford, maternal an- 
cestors of Francis Champernowne. 

It does not appear that Arthur Champernowne ever came to New- 
England. His commercial affairs were carried on by agents and 
servants, while he remained in Dartington in charge of his baronial 
estate. This grant of land, without doubt, was made with the view 
of providing for his son, Captain Francis Champernowne, who came 
hither immediately and took possession of both tracts. There is no 
evidence that he improved it or concerned himself about it afterward. 
His son always treated the whole grant as his own, without having, 
so far as can be discovered, any formal conveyance from his father. 

Arthur Champernowne married Bridget, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Fulford, of Fulford, parish of Dunsford, in Devonshire. This family is 
not inferior in antiquity and lineage to the Champernowne ; and both 
flourish to this day in the seats of their ancestors. 2 Westcote, the old 
historian, speaks of the " knightly and dignous family of Fulford," and 
says he had seen evidence of the great state and splendor of the family 
in the age of llichard Coeur de Lion.' "This right antient and hon- 
orable family," says Prince, "have held this seat by the name of 
Fulford from the days of King Richard the first to this day, upwards 
of five hundred years. In which long tract of time the heirs thereof 
have matched with the daughters of divers of the nobility, as of 
Courtcney, descended from the Earl of Devonshire, Lord Bourchicr, 
Earl of Bath, Lord Bonville, Lord Paulet and others." 4 

1 Sec this grant, Gorges to Champernowne, York Deeds, Lib. iii. fol. 97; also, .another 
grant between same parties of the same land, dated June 14, 1638, with no variation from 
the former but the date, except that the Godmorockc tract is not mentioned as marsh land. 
The Dartington tract is described by physical boundaries, which embrace both Islands; but 
the number of acres is thirteen hundred and fifty, differing widely from the giant, which 
says : " Containing by estimation live hundred acres of land of English measure be it more 
or less." This, of course, was only a rude estimate at that time, of the dimensions of land 
covered with forests, surrounded by water, of very irregular configuration, and very little 
explored. 

2 These ancient families are now represented in England, as follows : — Arthur Champer- 
nowne, Esq., of Dartington, educated at Trinity College, Oxford, magistrate of Devon, lord 
of the manors of Dartington, Umberleigh, and North Tawton, and patron of one living, to 
whom the writer is much indebted for information respecting the subject of tins memoir 
and his ancestors; and Baldwin Fulford, Esq., of Fulford, educated at Exeter College, 
Oxford, magistrate of Devon, lord of the manor of Dunsford, and patron of one living. 
The late Right Rev. Francis Fulford, D.D., Bishop of Montreal, is of this family, and his 
son is heir to the manor. — See Walford's County Families of England for 1873. 

3 Wcstcote's View of Devon, 431 et scq. 

4 Prince Worthies, 392 : In the church of St. Mary, at Dunsford, there is a magnificent 
monument to the memory of Sir Thomas Fulford and his lady, Ursula, the daughter of Sir 
Richard Bampfyldc, consisting of effigies of himself, wife, and children, with armorial sym- 
bols and banners. These are the grandparents of Captain Francis Champernowne. — Fol- 
whele's Devon, 80. 

[To be continued ] 



1874.] Notes and Qikries. 83 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

IIutcitinson. — [Register, Oct., 1817, 301.] — The following family-record of Thomas 
Hutchinson, father of Gov. Hutchinson, of Massachusetts, a portion, if not all, of 
which is evidently in the handwriting of said Thomas Hutchinson, was recently 
presented to the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, by the Kev. Samuel 
Cutler, of Boston : 

IfTho* Hutchinson bora JanT 30 th 1G74-5 Saturday night") We were married thirdsday 
-2 10 h :30»» £ the 23<i of December 17U3 about 

t Sarah Foster born JanT 29 th 1686-7 Saturday morning 4 h : ) G acloek in the evening. 

Foster born Septembe 1 ' I8 lh 1704. . about 8 in the morning on monday. 

Sarah born March 29 th . . 1708. . ab 1 half past 4 in the morning on monday. 

Abigail born Aug 1 2^ 1709 about half alter 2 on Tuesday morning. 

Thomas 1 born September 9 Ul 1711 about 11 iny e Evening (on Sabath day night.) 

John born Julyy e 10: 1713 about 8 in y e morning Fry day, A: died at 11 y c same day. 

Hannah born Novem. y e 1: 1714 about 12 in the Day on monday ; 

Elisha born Febru a 6 th 1715 about 5 in the morning on monday. 

Lydia born May 30 th : 1717 ab 1 half an hour after Ten, on thursday night. 

1718. An abortive male child, born July the 19 th 1718 at two acloek in the morn- 
ing f weeks before its full time, died on the 20 tu being Sabath between Eleven 
& twelve in the forenoon. 

Foster Hutchinson 1 died September 27 th on Wednesday between 8 and 9 of y« 
clock in the morning 1721 he was Seventeen years & 9 days old. 

Hawkins Hutchinson was born February y u 12 th 1721 between 8 & 9 of y° clock 
Sabbath day Evening & died October 9 tb on monday about Eleven a Clock in y B 
forenoon. 

Elizabeth Hutchinson born may 14 th 1723 on Tuesday morning between 5 & 6 & 
died may 2G lh 1727 on Friday morning between 10 & 11 a Clock. 

Foster Hutchinson 2 born September 7 th 1724 on monday about 5 Clock. 

Edward Hutchinson born march y e 27 th 172(5 on Sabbath day morning between 
two and three of the Clock & died between 8 & 9 y c 13 (h June 1730 on Saturday 
morning. 

The above record is on the reverse of the title-page of a quarto edition of the 
Bible printed by Charles Bill in London, in 1700, which title-page is as follows : 
The New | Testament I of our Lord and Saviour | Jesus Christ, | Newly Translated 
out of the Original Greek, | And with former Translations | Diligently Compared 
and Revised. | — | By His Majesties Special Command. | — | Appointed to be 
Bead in Churches. | — | [Royal Arms and initials A. R. :] | — | London, | Printed 
by Charles Bill, and the Executrix of Thomas Ncwcomb, de | ceased ; Printers to 
the Queens most Excellent Majesty. MDCCVI. — [Editor.] 

Atkinson and King. — Theodore Atkinson, of New-Hampshire, known as the 
«< 4th } " colonel, collector of customs, naval officer, etc. etc., died 22 September, 
1779, aged 82. His wife, Hannah, daughter of Lieut. -Gov. John Wentworth, died 
before him, as also did his son Theodore, who married his cousin Frances Went- 
worth (afterward wife of Gov. John Wentworth, who was the last royal governor 
of New-Hampshire). Theodore, 4th, having outlived all his family, bequeathed 
his property to " my relation George King," on condition of his adopting the name 
of Atkinson. What this relationship was, has long been a matter unknown. By 
the courtesy of Francis A. Freeman, Esq., of Dover, N. IL, I am permitted to give 
the substance of a letter which he received in seeking information. Mr. Freeman 
is a grandson of William King Atkinson, nephew of" my relation George King." 

Capt. Daniel King was an officer in the British army, from Wales, lie came to 
Portsmouth in 10 — , and married Mary Vaughan, a daughter of William Vaughan 
(who died 1720), and sister of George Vaughan. Capt. King and wile both died 
in early life, leaving one little boy, William, who was brought up by his maternal 
aunts, and inherited apart of his grandfather Vaughan's property. 

Theodore Atkinson, 3d, lather of Theodore, 4th, came to New-Hampshire from 
Boston. He left, in Boston, a sister, Abigail, married to Dr. Oberne, a druggist. 
They had one daughter, Abigail Oberne. 

1 Sec mcm M Tlist. and Gen. Beg., i. Oct. 1847, 301. 2 He grad. II. C. 1721. 



84 JVotes and Queries. [Jan. 

When Gov. Belcher and suite once went from Boston to Newcastle, to visit his 
friend Atkinson, Miss Oberne was one of the party, to see her uncle and cousins. 
She there saw Capt. William King, an enterprising young ship-master. They 
became attached, and were married, and moved into the house in Daniel street, 
built for him by his grandfather Vaughan, occupied in after years by Abigail 
(King) Sparhawk [grandmother of Charles Sparhawk, Esq., the writer], until it 
was burnt in the great fire in Portsmouth. 

Mr. and Mrs. King had seven children, viz. : 

1. George, who married Susanna Sparhawk, daughter of the Rev. John Spar- 
hawk, of Salem, Mass. lie was the " my relation." 

2. Abigail, who married John Sparhawk, of Portsmouth, son of the above Rev. 
John. 

3. James Platus, who married Miss E. Waldron, of Boston. 

4. William, who married Miss Wendall, of Boston. 

5. Charles, died unmarried. 

6. Thomas, went to Conway, N. II. 

7. Mary, who married the Hon. Daniel Humphreys, of Portsmouth. 
It will be seen that the relationship was thus : 

Theodore Atkinson, 2 d . 



Theodore, 3 d Abigail=Dr. Oberne. 

Theodore, 4 th Abigail=William King. 

George King. 
The same communication says : 
Abigail Atkinson, after the death of her husband Oberne, married 



Winslow, of Boston, by whom she had John and Elizabeth Winslow. After his 
death, she removed to Portsmouth, and there married Judge Penhallow, by whom 
she had one son, Richard, who died in early manhood, leaving all his property to 
his half-sister King." The record of the Hon. Joshua Peirce (Register, xxiii. 209), 
says : " Sam 1 Penhallow, Esq. of Portsin and Mad. Abigail Oburn of Boston were 
mary d 1711." She is here called Oburn, not Winslow, although it doubtless should 
have been the latter. The entry appears to have been made at a considerably later 
date. A. II. Quint. 

New- Bedford, Mass. 

The Treasure on Board the Huzzar Frigate. — [ Register, xxvii. For the pur- 
pose of correcting some errors we reprint the note referred to, with additional facts 
since communicated by the author. — Editor.] 

I notice that efforts to recover the treasure supposed to be sunk in the Huzzar, 
near Hell Gate, in 1780, are about to be renewed. Perhaps the following communi- 
cation, cut from an Edinburgh newspaper in 1827, may check any further foolish 
expenditure of money in that direction : 

1o the Editor of the Edinburgh Observer : Sir, — 1 read in your paper of the 7th instant a 
statement made by a Mr. Mitchell, copied from an American paper, regarding the loss of 
the Huzzar frigate. Mr. Mitchell's account of the unfortunate fate of that line vessel is in 
many respects correct. I am not inclined to dispute with him the appearances now 
presented by handles of knives, beeswax, etc., extracted from the wreck; but neither he 
nor anyone else will he so fortunate as to find the *' large treasure " said to have been lost iu 
her. There was, indeed, £20,000 on board the ship two days before she was lost, that is 
on the 21st of November, 1780, but on that day the money was safely landed and delivered 
into the custody of Commissary General Delancy, and in which operation I assisted, being 
then a petty officer in the Huzzar. The Huzzar struck on Pot Rock near three o'clock in 
the afternoon of the 23d of November, 1780, and did not go down till she swung several 
miles up the sound, when she went down in a bay called " The Brothers," at seven in the 
evening, same day, in seven fathoms of water; and a strong current, then running nt the 
rate of nine knots an hour, occasioned the loss, as nearly as could be ascertained, of one 
hundred and seven tine brave fellows, part of her crew. When the accident happened the 
Huzzar was on her way from New-York to Gardner's Bay with despatches to Admiral 
Arlmthnot. I am, &c, 

Castle Bill, Aug. 8, 1827. Fletcher Yetts. 

The accounts of the loss of life by this shipwreck are strangely at variance. Ac- 
cording to Fletcher Yetts 107 brave fellows of her crew were drowned, and as he 



1874.] Notes and Queries, 85 

was one of the ship's company his evidence ought to be reliable. Yet Marshall, in 
his biography of Sir Charles Maurice Pole, Bart., the captain of the Huzzar (Mar- 
shall's Naval Bio., vol. i. pp. 88) says : ' k The officers and people except one being 
all saved, aud as no blame whatever could be imputed to Captain Pule in this ac- 
cident, he was charged with Vice- Admiral Arbuthnot's despatches to the admiralty ; 
and soon alter his arrival in England received the appointment to the Success, 32 
guns and 220 men." Ralfe, in his Naval Biography (vol. ii. pp. 130) , tells a similar 
story ; and Schomberg, in his Naval Chronicle (vol. v. pp. 47), records the loss of 
the ship, but makc3 no mention of any loss of life by her shipwreck. Other accounts 
state that seventy American prisoners, taken from the prison-ships in the Wallabout, 
heavily ironed, went down in the vessel ; evidently a sensational story. 

The Huzzar of this shipwreck was the second of the name in the royal navy. 

In a list of the vessels of the royal navy, built from 1700 to 1800, which can be 
found in Charnock's " Marine Architecture," there is mention of four vessels named 
Huzzar, namely : 

1. Huzzar 28, built 1757; length on the gun-deck, 118 feet 3 inches; keel, 97 
feet 2h inches ; beam, 33 feet 8 inches ; hold, 10 feet inches ; tonnage, 580 ; crew, 
200. This vessel was lost off the coast of Cuba, in 17G2. In 1757, when com- 
manded by Capt. John Elliot, this vessel sunk a French ship supposed the Aleeyone, 
which went down with all her crew, and colors flying. 

2. Huzzar 28, built 1703 ; gun-deck, 111 feet 4 inches ; keel, 102 feet 8 inches ; 
beam, 33 feet 8 inches ; hold, 11 feet; tonnage, 619 ; crew, 200. This vessel is re- 
corded as lost, and was the one that sunk in Brothers' Bay. 

3. Huzzar 28, built 1784; gun-deck, 120 feet 6 inches; keel, 99 feet G inches; 
beam, 33 feet 6 inches ; hold, 11 feet ; tonnage, 594 ; crew, 200. 

4. Huzzar 38, built 1799 ; gun-deck, 150 feet G inches : keel, 125 feet 8 inches ; 
beam, 39 feet G inches ; hold, 13 feet 9 inches ; tonnage, 1043 ; crew, 280. 

This table, which may be considered official, as it is taken direct from the ad- 
miralty records, disposes of the statement published in the New-York Tribune 
some time since, that the length of the vessel lost ntar Hell Gate was 20G feet 6 
inches, and her breadth of beam 5G feet 2 inches. — [Boston Evening Transcript.] 

Boston, Aug. 14, 1873. Geo. Henry Preijle. 

[Additional.] — The Providence Gazette of Dec. 9, 1780, says : " A new British 
frigate of 32 guns, one of the convoy to the Cork fleet which lately arrived at New- 
York, we hear was lost last week coming through Hell Gate, and a great part of her 
crew perished." 

The Boston Gazette of Dec. 13, 1780, says : " News from New-London of Dec. 
5th. We learn that the Huzzar frigate was cast away in Hell Gate the latter end o£ 
last month, when all the people except eighty were lost with the frigate." 

There are many similar notices in the papers of the time, but in none of them? 
that I have seen is there any allusion to the loss of treasure, or any account of 
" manacled American prisoners " being lost in her. Chas. I. Bushnell, Esq., who 
has written the History of the Jersey Prison Ship, and edited the memoirs of several 
of the Wallabout prisoners, and is very well posted on the subject, writes me : — 
" The story of the American prisoners is, I think, very dubious. I have examined 
numbers of papers during the whole period of the revolutionary war, and have met 
with no mention of any American prisoners placed on board the Huzzar ; in fact, I 
have seen no mention of any American prisoners being released at that date. If so 
many had been released at that time, I think I should certainly have seen some ac- 
count of it in the laborious and, thorough search which I myself made a few years 
ago. If any manacles were found on the Huzzar, they were undoubtedly for re- 
fractory members of her crew, and not of American prisoners." 

With regard to the treasure that went down in the ship, the Frigate Huzzar Com- 
pany, in their circular issued in 18GG, state : — 

" Capt. Taylor (patentee of submarine armor) made a voyage to England for the 
express purpose of ascertaining the precise amount of treasure shipped on board the 
Huzzar, which he learned from the records of the admiralty to be five hundred and 
eighty thousand pounds sterling; and on board the sloop of war Mercury, three 
hundred and eighty thousand pounds sterling, mostly in British guineas ($4,800,000). 
On the arrival of the vessel in New- York, the treasure on board the Mercury is said 
to have been placed on board the Huzzar, to be delivered in Newport, ILL, the 
British rendezvous at that time." 

The circular also states that in 1794, " the British government employed two brigs, 
and labored two seasons endeavoring to raise the whip, but were ordered oil" hy tho 
American government. In 1819, the work was again undertaken by a British coiu- 

VOL. XXVIII. 8 



SG JSFotes and Queries. [Jan. 

pany by means of diving bells, but all attempts proved unavailing up to the time of 
Capt. Taylor's invention of submarine armor, in 1848." i 
The result of the operations since then may be briefly summed up as follows : — 
The decks have been removed — twenty-six cannon and some 4000 cannon-balls 
taken up — also large quantities of rotten cordage, many bushels of gun-Hints, 
several leathern buckets marked " Iluzzar," — many human bones, manacles and 
chains — articles of glass, earthen and pewter ware — also many pieces of silver table 
service belonging to the mess chests of the officers — the ship's bell, and a few gold 
and silver coins which were probably the private property of the officers and men on 
board. 

There has been no discovery of the millions in guineas said to have gone down in 
her ; and yet it will be seen from what has been recovered that the contents of the 
wreck have been pretty thoroughly explored. c. u. p. 

IIolijs, N. II., — Dr. Colman's Sermon [it^'s/er, xxvii. 377.]— It appears from 
Judge Worcester's article that the inhabitants of this town repudiated the name 
Holies conferred by Gov. Benning Wentworth, in honor of his friend Thomas Pelham 
Holies, and adopted instead the name ol Hollis, in honor of an early benefactor of 
Harvard College, Thomas llollis, of London. 

1 now have before me a sermon preached by Benjamin Colman, B.D., pastor of a 
church in Boston, 173G, entitled : " A Thank Offering to God for repeated surpris- 
ing Bounties from London for uses of Piety and Charity. Boston, in New-Eng- 
land. Printed by J. Diaper, in Newbury street, 1730." The sermon is dedieated 
to the " lion. Samuel Ilolden, Esq., of London," and dated, Boston, May 5, 1730. 

I here make some extracts from the dedication, omitting the frequent capital let- 
ters and italics. 

" I know, Sir, you are no stranger to the profusion of bounties which for a 
course of many years our college received from the most pious and munificent 
Thomas Hollis, Esq., whose w r orthy heir has so soon followed him to the grave, 
after he had made a good addition to the foundations laid by his uncle and adorned 
us with a rare orrery ; and now we have the tidings of the death of John llollis, 
Esq., the worthy brother of our great benefactor, and a heir with him of the same 
grace ; who was also a father to poor orphans here as well as at home. 

" And if it were permitted me, 1 would now have named another young gentle- 
man, whom God has enriched with all bountifulness us-ward ; of whose liberality 
our churches and our poor have heretofore largely tasted ; and this year brings me 
the joy of an order from him for schooling, cloathing, feeding and lodging of twenty 
Indian children at Ilossatonnoc, a tribe who have lately received the gospel with a 
marvelous joy, and are now under the pastoral care of the Rev. Mr. John Sargent." 

Biographical notices of Thomas llollis may be found in the Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, and in the Biographical Dictionaries. 

Samuel Ilolden, Esq., to whom Dr. Colman dedicated his sermon, was a benefac- 
tor ot the province of Massachusetts, having given nearly £5,000 (£25,000) for 
promoting the gospel and other charities. He died in London in 1740. His widow 
contributed largely for similar purposes. Levi Bautlett. 

Warner, N.H., Dec., 1873. 



Annual Sermon before the General Assembly in York, Maine.— [N. J. Herrick, 
Esq., of Alfred, Me., communicates the following. — Editor.] 

"At a Generall Assembly houlden at Yorke June 28th : 1082: An order of the 
President for a sermon Annually on thursday, being the second day after the Meeting 
of ye Generall Assembly, 

It being the Hons e : as well as the duty of Civill Magistrates, to Incorage the 
Ministrey & worship under y e jurisdiction, which by reason of the absence of the 
Cheefe Magestrate of this Province and y e remoatness of the Ministers habitations, 
y r is a want of oportunity for the knowledg of them, 

It is yrfore ordered by y u President & Councill, that upon y e second day of the 
Meeteing of this Generall Court Annually some one of y e Reverend Elders or Minis- 
ters bee desired to preach a sermon to y e Generall Court, for the better promoteing 
ol an acquantance between the Government & Ministers & that o r Civill transac- 
tions may be Sanctified by the word and prayer, the Anual Choyse to be made by 
the President, or in case of falure to bee seasonably supplyd & done by the Depu- 
ty President & Councill, June 29: 82: Mr. Dummer was nominated for y c next 
yeare 1083."— Court liceords, Co. York, Maine. 



1874.] 



Notes and Queries. 



87 



Filibusters captured at Contoy Island, Cuba, on board of the American Brig 
" Georgiana " and Bark " Susan Lord," by the Spanish war steamer "Pizarro," in 
the attempted invasion of Cuba, May 4, 1350, and afterward 1 <nven up to the IT. S. 
sloop of war " Albany," Commander Victor Moreau Randolph, U. S. Navy, 
July 12, 1850 ; taken from Havana to Pensacola, and afterward to Mobile, and 
there taken in charge by the U. S. marshal, August 5, 1850. 



From Louisiana. 
James Bennett 
Charles Walsh 
J. W. Burns 
John Etell 
Alex. McNally 
John Conner 
Arthur McGuire 
David Kelginsmith 
Wm. Brown 
Philip Conner 
James 0. Donnel 
Antonio Francis 

From Mississippi. 
Wm. T. Holland 
Alex. P. Colson 



John L. Carter 
Geo. W. McDaniel 
James Taj) ley 
Wm. L. Harden 
John M. Colson 
" Capt." A. B. Moore 
Stephen Harverstraw 



Henry S. Smith 
Henry Stephens 
John II. Finch 
Wm. Smith 
James Folger 
Wm. Pen ton 
J. W. Winter 
Alex. Miiller 
J as. McGowan 
Wm. S. Lake 



Kentucky. 
James M. Martin 
Charles N. Parr is 

From Ohio. 
Win. Mcintosh 
Thos. M. Armstrong 
John Gibbs 
Levi Brown 
Joseph Reid 

Released 42, as above. Detained, 10 — the captains and crews for trial. " Captain" 
A. B. Moore was permitted by Capt. Randolph to aeeept an invitation from the 
steerage-mess of the " Albany " to mess with them. The others were so filthy that 
they were not allowed to leave the spar deck, and a marine was posted in each 
gangway to keep them off the quarter deck. The second day out from Havana, 
" Capt." Moore opened a roulette and a '• sweat " cloth forward among the crew, 
but was soon stopped, and " Capt." Moore left the steerage tome=s on deck, protest- 
ing against this invasion of the rights of an American citizen. 

Charles Martin, U.S.N. 



From Illinois. 
E. B. Davis 

From Tennessee. 
John II. Blackstown 
Joel B. Hogg 
Chartley B. Matthews. 



Keayne oil Cayne. — "Cornet or Flag of Captain-maior Beniamen Cayne 
of New-England, in the Army of the Commonwealth. — Azure; a pelican or eagle 
proper, with wings raised and endorsed, standing on the belly of a crane lying ex- 
tended, of a brown colour, its head raised, and with its beak wounding the breast 
of the eagle, from the breast of which the blood is falling ; in chief, on a scroll 
Argent, shaded crimson, and lined Or, in Roman Sable letters, Non Nisi Computsus; 
fringed Argent and Azure. 

"Maior Beniamen Cayne of Newe England. Azure ; barrways a long Church or 
Tabernacle, embattled ot white stone, in the side five Roman arched windows pro- 
per ; in the west end a square door ; over it a window, as those mentioned ; from 
the four corners of the church a lofty octagon toAver or pinnacle topped with a 
dome, and therefrom a small spire or front from the middle, and through the leaded 
roof of the Church a man's arm erect, eloathed in crimson, cuffed Argent, and 
his hand grasping a golden anchor by the ring, while the flukes of it appear anchor- 
ed in a demi-oval (barrways) in chief, representing the Heavens, the edge or verge 
of which is represented with bright clouds proper, shaded with crimson; as I think, 
figuratively representing Mr. Cayne's actions, as his body is in the House of God, 
while his stay or hope is centered in Heaven, which, by the bye, is so, the device is 
a lively representation of his good deeds ; in base, in a scroll displayed in three folds 
Argent, shaded and lined crimson, in Roman letters, Sable, Precnriis — Ncc Prcdiis 
Scd — Precibus ; fringed Or and Azure. 

" Armorial bearings of Major Cayne. Azure ; an eagle displayed Argent ; crest, 
on a wreath Argent and Azure, a demi griffin issuant, with wing raised and but one 
talon, brown colour." 

[The preceding is an extract from Prestwich's Rcspublica, which has been furnish- 
ed us by Isaac J. Greenwood, E3q.,of New-York city. The title-page of Prestwich's 
book is printed in the Register, xxvii. 181. 

Benjamin Cayne, or more properly Keayne, wns the only child of Capt. Robert 
Keayne, the founder of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, whose will 
occupies 158 folio pages on the Suffolk Probate Records. An abstract of this will 
is priutcd in the Register, vi. 80-02, 152-8. 



SS JSfotes and Queries, [Jan. 

Maj. Benjamin Keayne was admitted a member of the Artillery Company in 1638, 
and a freeman of Massachusetts in 1639. He married Sarah, daughter of Gov. 
Thomas Dudley, " an unhappy and uncomfortable match," and about 16-15 returned 
to England, from which country he never returned. His only dau. Anna married, 
first, Edward Lane ; second, Col. Nicholas Paige. Her only child, Edward Paige, 
died in Leyden, Holland, Nov. 1, 1680. — Sec Register, xxiii. 267. — Editor.] 



Organization of Tns Church in Plymouth, N. II. — Can any reader of the Regis- 
eer give information where and when the church in Plymouth, N. H., was 
organized? Tradition says in Iiollis [Dunstable], in 1765, before the removal of 
the settlers to Plymouth. But the important and chief movement of these settlers 
appears, from the " Proprietors' Record," to have been in 1761, and the Rev. Nathan 
Ward was called to the pastorate in July, 1761. Mr. Ward was "ordained" 
[should it not be-'' installed," for he is said to have been previously ordained in \Ya- 
tertown, Mass.] pastor of this Plymouth church, in Newburyport, July 10, 1765. 

Is any farther notice of this council to be found ; or of his previous short ministry 
before 1760, in Watcrtown, Mass.? Some irregularity in its ending is intimated. 
What was it? II. A. IIazen. 

Plymouth, N. H. 

Townsend. — Is anything known of the parentage and placo of birth of Penn 
Townsend, who in 1731 was married to Hannah Masters, of Salem (dau. of John 
Marsters, mariner, by his 2d wife Deborah, dau. of Matthew Dove, planter) ? 

His widow, Hannah Townsend, was of Salem, in 1759, when she and her sister, 
Elizabeth Foot, wid., made deed of partition of the real estate that had belonged to 
their father (Masters), and she was of Boston, May 31, 1771, when she signed a deed 
conveying her portion of said estate to her son Penn Townsend (in presence of 
John Avery and Joseph Jackson). 

The late Rev. Dr. Bentley was Wont to tell the grandchildren of the above-named 
Penn and Hannah that he was related to their family. It is known that a Thos. 
Bentley, of Boston (North End) , was married to a Susannah Townsend, Feb, 5, 1724, 
by the Rev. John Webb ; and again, June 19, 1719, a Thos. Bentley was married to 
a Martha Townsend by the Rev. Samuel Mather. 

1 am therefore led to suspect that Penn may have belonged to one of the Boston 
families of the name of Townsend. Wife Hannah was bap. Feb. 27, 1703-1. 

Salem, Mass. Henry F. Waters. 



The Log-Book of toe Ranger. — II. Cuthbert, a correspondent of London Notes 
and Queries, says : — "Paul Jones's log-book is preserved at St. Mary's Isle. It 
was presented to the late Earl [of Selkirk] by a merchant of Boston, into whoso 
hands it had fallen. 

Query : Who was that merchant of Boston, and how came the log-book of the 
Ranger into his possession ? Geo. Henry Preble. 



Ward and Waite. — I have received from Col. Joseph L. Chester, of London, a 
copy of the following entry which he recently found in the parish register of Isle- 
ham, co. Cambridge : 

1601-5. " Samuel Warde M r of Arts married Debora Boulton widdow the second 
of January." 

This Samuel Ward was the eldest brother of the Rev. Nathaniel Ward, of Ip- 
swich, Mass. In the appendix to my memoir of the latter, published in 1868, pp. 
124-9, is printed Candler's pedigree of this family, from which it appears that 

this Mrs. Deborah Bolton was " the daughter of Leech, the relict of 

Bolton, clarkc, by whom she had issue, Robert, Dr. of Physicke and John, Rector of 
Bucklesham." Query: What was the christian name of Mr. Bolton, the first 
husband of Deboran Leech, and what is known of his history? I presume he was 
a clergyman of Isleham, as his widow is called of that place, and she was married 
there. 

The same pedigree gives the family of Samuel Waite, who married Mary Ward, 
represented to be a sister of John Ward, the father of the Revs. Samuel and Na- 
thaniel Ward (Register, xviii. 273-4). The children of Samuel and Mary (Ward; 
Waite, given by Candler, are : — 

[1] Mary, m. to Robert Lord ; [2] Samuel Waite, m. Hcllin Crosse ; 



1874.] JSFotes and Queries. 89 

[3] John Waife, m. , daughter of Hill, of Maiden; [4] Joseph Waite, 

m. Margaret, daughter of Matthew Lawrence, Towne preacher for Ipswich ; 

[5] Anne Waite: [7 J Susan; [9] Sarah. 

[0] Thomas; [8j Abigail; 

The Robert Lord who married Mary Waite, the eldest child in this family, is sup- 
posed to be Robert Lord, an early settler of Ipswich, Mass., whose wife, according 
to the Rev. Dr. Felt, was Mary Wait. John Waite, who is represented as having 
married a daughter of Mr. Hill of Maiden, is supposed to be John Waite of Maiden, 
Mass., whose first wife was Mary, daughter of Joseph Hills of Maiden, Eng., who 
early emigrated to Maiden, 'Mass. (Register, xxvi. 82). Can any reader of the 
Register inform me whether there was any relationship between John Waite of 
Maiden, and Thomas Waite of Ipswich? Joijn Ward Dean. 



Brookfield, — Date of Tax- List of the Second Precinct.— Let me attempt 
to fix the limits of the period to which the tax-list of the second precinct of Brook- 
Held, published in vol. xx. page 100 of the Hist, and Gen. Reg., may be assigned. 

Among the names there enumerated 1 notice that of Capt. Daniel Gilbert,, who 
probably did not receive his commission as captain until alter the death of his first 
wife Lucy (Barnes) Gilbert, April 22, 1772; as the epitaph on her gravestone in. 
N. Brookfield burial-place speaks of her as wife of Ensiyn Daniel Gilbert. The 
name of widow Hannah Gilbert also appears on the list. She must have been the 
relict of Daniel's brother, Col. Joseph Gilbert, who commanded a company of min- 
ute men at the beginning of the revolution, is known to have done good service in 
the battle of Bunker Hill, as aid to his friend General Ward, was commissioned 
as colonel early in 1770, and died on the 2d of March of the same year. And 1 do 
not notice on the list the name of the mother of these gentlemen, Esther (Perkins) 
Gilbert, widow and relict of Lieut. Benjamin Gilbert, born in Wenhain, and who 
died in Brookfield, June 20, 1780. Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, a distinguished officer 
and engineer in the continental army (whose daughter Elizabeth married Wheat 
Gilbert, eldest son of Col. Joseph G.), died, I am quite sure, some time in 1788. As 
his name likewise is found on the aforesaid list, I think we may feci quite safe in 
fixing the date of it as between 1780 and 1768, and certainly later than 1770. 

Henry F. Waters. 



Jencks, — Sjiitit. — Information is desired in regard to the genealogy of Joseph 
Jencks, who settled in Lynn, Mass., in 1043, and John Smith (the minister), who 
came to R. I. with Roger Williams. 

Pawtuckel, R. 1. Henry F. Smith. 

Daniell. — Were there two Samuel D.'s of Watertown, as stated by Savage and 
Bond? In Savage's Gen. Diet., ii. 9, the following occurs : " Samuel D., Water- 
town, 1G52, then took oath of fidelity, was s. of the first Robert, b. in Eng., and 
soon alter the d. of his f. sold out his estate and rem., hut was perhaps f. of Samuel 
ol W. who m. 10 May, 1G71, Mary Grant, etc."' Bond's account in the Hist, of W. 
does not differ essentially from this. 

I offer the following suggestions to prove that there was but one Samuel, and 
that he was the s. of Robert, b. about 1633, m. Mary Grant, as_ above, and d. about 
1095. In Robert D.'s will, dated July 3, 1055, are mentioned live children, as fol- 
lows : — Elizabeth, w. of Thomas Fanning ; Samuel (who was exec, of the will) ; and 
minors, Joseph, Sarah, and Mary (b. Sept. 2, 101-2). The death of Elizabeth Fan- 
ning is recorded Jan. 27, 1722, at the age of 92. This shows her to have been 
born in 1030. If Samuel was younger than Elizabeth, as would appear from the 
order of names given in the will, the date of his birth would probably be in 1032 
or 1033, and that of Joseph in 1035 or 103G, which tallies with the record that he 
(Joseph) was a minor in 1055. 

The names of Samuel's children afford additional evidence that he was son of 
Robert. He named his first son Robert, the name of his (Samuel's) father ; the 
second, Samuel (his own name) ; the third, Joseph (his brother's name) ; the first 
daughter, Mary (his wife's name) ; the second, Elizabeth (his mother's name) ; the 
third, Sarah (his sister's name). 

Samuel rem. to Medfield in 1G78, where the last three children were born, and 
where he died in 1G95. 

VOL. XXVIII. 8* 



90 JSFotes arid Queries. [Jan. 

One objection to my theory is that Samuel must have been 37 or 38 years old 
When he married Mary Grant, but this objection need not have much weight. 

If there were two Samuels, and the second married Mary Grant in 1671, he could 
not have been the son of the first, except on the supposition that the father at 37 or 
33 years had a son old enough to marry, which is very improbable. 

Query : — Was Robert's son Joseph the Joseph who married Mary Fairbanks in 
Medfield, Nov. 1G, 1605? [See Morse's Gen. of Sherborn and Holliston, p. 71.] 
Samuel, Sarah and Mary certainly rem. to Mediield. M. G. Daniell. 

Parsons. — Can any reader of the Register give the ancestry of Elijah Parsons, 
bom July 21, 1715, tradition says in Conn.? lie died Aug. 31, 1797. His wife 
was Jerusha : their children were Jerusha, b. 1768 ; Elijah, 1771 ; Sarah, 1773 ; 
Winthrop, 1775; Jabez, 1777; Cynthia, 1781; Horace, 1785; Mary, 1790. Infor- 
mation concerning this family would be thankfully received. 

Information is also desired as to the ancestry of Jabez Parsons, also born in Con- 
necticut. . George Sueldon. 

Deerjicld, Mass. 

Ancestry of Palmes. — In Nichols's History of Leicestershire is the pedigree of 
one early settler of Connecticut, which I think has never yet been printed in this 
country. It is taken from the Visitation of the County of Leicester, and 1 have my- 
self seen it at the College of Arms. It is as follows : 

William 1 Palmes, of Naburn, Yorkshire, was father of Guy, 2 who was father of 
Bryan 3 of Ashwell, co. Rutland, who was father of Francis' 1 of Ashwell, who was 
father of Sir Francis 5 of Ashwell, who was father of Andrew 6 of Sherborn, Hamp- 
shire, who died at Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, about 10GG, aged 73, and leaving the 
following children : 

Thomas, 7 William, 7 John, 7 Guy, 7 Stephen, 7 all died unmarried. 

Edward, 7 in New-England, 1681, and married there. 

Bryan, 7 born 1641, of Melton, Leicestershire, living 1681, signed pedigree. 

Jane, 7 Elizabeth, 7 m. Edward Chambers, of Torksey, Lincoln's Arme. 7 

W. S. Appleton. 



De Ts'rnay's Monument in Newport, R. I. [Register, Oct. 1873]. — Senator 
Anthony, of Rhode Island, introduced a bill appropriating $800 to defray the ex- 
pense of repairing the monument at Newport over the remains of the Chevalier do 
JCcrnay, who died there during the revolutionary war, while in command of a French 
fleet. When the French Minister was at Newport last summer he found the Cheva- 
lier's monument in a ruinous condition, and this bill is to reimburse his expenditures 
in renovating it. The senate passed the bill. — {Telegraphic despatch to Boston pa- 
pers, Dec. 10, 1873.) 

Tea, Destruction of, in Boston IIaruor, Dec. 16, 1773. — This event was celebra- 
ted, on the evening of Dec. 16, 1873, in Boston and other places in Massachusetts, 
and in various parts of the country, by tea-parties, speeches, music, tableaux, &c. 
In Philadelphia the celebration took place on the evening of Dec. 17, and was con- 
tinued through a part of the next day. We hope to find space in our April number 
for a fuller notice of these celebrations. — [Editor.] 



Stone, Eltas [Register, July, 18731. — In answer to the Query concerning 
Elias Stone, I would say : — Amos, son of Elias and Sarah Stone, was b. in Deer- 
field, July 25, 1773. During the contest with Parson Ashley about his salary, in 
which parties generally took sides according to their political views, Stone voted 
with the Whigs ; and in 1777 he wns chosen a member of the committee of corres- 
pondence, inspection and safety. He was in town office in 1780. In 1795, then of 
Dcerfield, sold land there. Elias Stone, Jr., of Deerfield, bought land of Elijah 
Billings, of Conway, April 18, 1786. Geo. Sueldon. 

Deerjicld, Mass. 



Bet.knap [ Register, xxvii. 353, 1. 1 of note 4]. — A part of a sentence was omitted 
in this note. It should read : The Rev. Jeremy (or Jeremiah) Belknap, D.D. (II. 
C. 170:2), a son of Joseph and Sarah (Byles) Belknap and a grandson of Jeremiah 
and Sarah (Fosdick) Belknap, was born in Boston, June 4, 1744, &c. 



1874.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 91 

Martin. — For some years I have been collecting the materials for a genealogy of 
the Martin family of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Any one having information 
regarding the family, are invited to communicate with me at No. 616, 18th street, 
Washington, D. C. 

Information relating to Robert, Abraham, Isaac, and Richard Martin, of Reho- 
both (1644 to 1695), or of their descendants, or of the John Martins of Rehoboth 
and Swansey, is wanted, and will be gratefully acknowledged. II. J. Martin. 

Washington, D. C. 

Hampshire County Records. — The early records of births, deaths and marriages 
of Hampshire County are in the town-clerk's office in Hatfield. 

John A. Boutelle. 



Greenleaf and Stone. — Wanted, the parentage and place of birth of Stephen 
GreenLaf, of Medford, who married^Mary , about 1725. 

Also, of Elias Stone, Senior, of Charlestown, who died before 1711. He had 
wife Abigail (perhaps daughter of Jacob Waters Sawyer, and wife Abigail). Dea- 
con William Stitson left him the bulk of his property, calling him " kinsman " 
(1689, I think). What was this tie of kinship 7 Henry F. Waters. 



Wheaton. — Information wanted relating to the Wheaton family which may lead 
to the discovery of the father of Sally or Sarah Wheaton, who married William 
Stafford, Jr., of Coventry, R. I. William was born in Warwick, R. I., Feb. 29, 
1712-13, and Sarah Wheaton, his first wife, died before 1750. 

64 Madison Av., N. Y. Martin II. Stafford. 



Kingman. — John Kingman, Weymouth, freeman 1666 ; afterward of Bridgewater, 
where he d. 1690 ; had several children by w. Elizabeth. Who were her parents'? 
Brooklyn, JS.Y. Edward P. Cutter. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEA- 
LOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Douus Clarke, D.D., Historiographer. 

The Rey. Joseph Allen, D.D., was born in Medfield, county of Norfolk, Mass., 
Aug. 15, 1790, and died in Northborough, county of Worcester, Mass., Feb. 23, 
1873, at the ripe age of 82 years and 6 months. He was the oldest, or with one 
exception, the oldest clergyman of the Unitarian denomination in the state of Mas- 
sachusetts. He himself prepared and published a genealogy of the Allen family 
of Medfield, by which it appears that he descended, in the sixth generation, from 
James Allen, who came to this country, witfi his wife Anna, and settled in Dedhain, 
Mass., in 1639 ; and ten years afterward, he was one of a company which formed a 
settlement in the western part of that town, now called Medfield. He was fitted for 
college in Medfield, principally under the tuition of the Rev. J)r. Prentiss, entered 
Harvard college in 1807, and graduated in 1811, in the class with Edward Everett, 
Nathaniel L. Erothingham and others who afterward became distinguished in dif- 
ferent professions. After his graduation he remained in Cambridge, and studied 
theology under the Rev. Dr. W are. He was licensed to preach by the Roston As- 
sociation in 181 1, and after preaching in various places for something like two years, 
he was invited to Northborough, Mass., July 1, 1816, and was ordained pastor of 
the Congregational church in that town, on the thirtieth day of October of that 
year, where he remained till his death. At the close of the fortieth year of his pas- 
torate, a colleague was associated with him for the performance of parochial duties. 
Dr. Allen was honored with the degree of doctor in divinity, by his alma mater, 
in 1818. 

The history of a clergyman, especially in a retired country parish, is usually un- 
eventful ; but Dr. Alleu, in addition to the customary duties of a pastoral charge, 



92 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

found time to pay particular attention to the schools of the town, and to prepare a 
large number of pupils, in bis own family, for college, and some for the ministry. 
He was also busy with his pen. He prepared several text-books for the day schools 
and for Sunday schools. He also used his pen with success, both in the line of his- 
tory and of biography. The following isbelieved to be an accurate list of his pub- 
lications, arranged, however, without strict regard to chronological order : 

1. A Funeral Discourse on the Death of Winslow Brigham, Jr., Dec, 1818. 

2. A New- Year's Sermon, 1822. 

_ 3. An Historical Discourse in 1825, afterward published in the Worcester Maga- 
zine, as an Historical Account of Northborough. 

4. A Fast Sermon in 1829, upon " The Sources of Public Prosperity." 

5. A Sermon on Family Religion, in 1831. 

6. The first volume of the " Christian Monitor," in 1832. 

7. An Address at the Ordination of Robert F. Walcot, in Berlin, Mass., in 1830. 

8. A Sermon on completing the twenty-fifth year of his ministry, 1811. 

9. An Address at the Ordination of Hiram Withington, in Leominster, in 1814. 

10. A Centennial Discourse on completing a Century from the Church Organiza- 
tion, 1816. 

11. A New- Year's Sermon, 1855, 

12. An Address before the Sabbath-School Society, at Lancaster, in 1854. 

13. A Catechism for the Worcester Association, 1822. 

14. Easy Lessons in Geography and History for Schools, 1825. 

15. Memoirs of the Rev. Dr. Joseph Lathrop, of West Springfield, Mass., 1823. 
1G. Questions on the Gospels, in two parts. 

17. Part I. of a Series of Questions on the Old Testament. 

18. A History of the Worcester Association and its Antecedents, with Biographical 
Sketches of the Members, 1808. 

19. Genealogical Sketches of the Allen Family, 1869. 

Dr. Allen was married, Feb. 3, 1818, to Miss Lucy Clarke Ware, the eldest daughter 
of Dr. Henry Ware, Sen., of Cambridge, and they were blessed with a family of 
seven children. Mrs. Allen, by her remarkable accomplishments and domestic taste, 
rendered his house a hospitable and cheerful home, replete with pleasant memories. 
The closing years of her life were those of an invalid, and she preceded her husband 
to the tomb. Dr. Allen stood deservedly high in the denomination of which he was 
a member, and belonged to the conservative wing of that body. The church in 
Northborough was organized in 1746, and excepting Dr. Allen's colleague, it has 
had but three pastors ; — a case with but few parallels in New-England. Dr. Allen's 
pastorate extended over a period of more than fifty-six years. He was admitted to 
membership in this society March 13, 1855. 

Samuel Burnham, A.M., was born in Rindge, county of Cheshire, N. II., Feb. 
21, 1833. He was the only son of the Rev. Amos W. Burnham, D.D., who was settled 
in the Congregational ministry in Rindge in the year 1821, and remained pastor of 
the church for the period of nearly fifty years. The predecessor of Dr. Burnham 
was the Rev. Seth Payson, D.D., father of the celebrated Dr. Payson of Portland. 
Dr. Payson's ministry in Rindge, from 1782 to 1820, had been an able and successful 
one, and had left matters in a stable condition for the man who should come after 
him. A brother of Dr. Burnham, the Rev. Abraham Burnham, was the minister 
in Pembroke, N. II., settled there in 1808, and remaining through a long, old-fashioned 
ministry. The ancestral home of the Burnhams was in Dunbarton, N. H., where 
the celebrated Dr. Walter Harris instructed so many young men in theology from 
1780 to 1830. It may be fair to presume that the two brothers, Abraham and Amos 
W., were started upon their college and theological course under that general im- 
pulse which Dr. Harris imparted, not only to the young men of his immediate 
vicinity, but largely throughout New-Hampshire and northern Massachusetts. 

The subject of this memoir was therefore born into the society of books and cul- 
tivated men. Though the town of Rindge is rough and remote from the great 
centres of literary life, yet in the quiet parsonage house, on the hills, with its open 
and generous hospitality, young Burnham was permitted to listen to the conversa- 
tion of educated men, and catch the stir of the great outside world of thought ; 
with quick perceptions, he drank in culture from the air he breathed, and all his 
early impulses were toward a literary life. At the age of eighteen he entered Wil- 
liams College, and graduated, in course, in 1855. A graduate of Williams, of the 
following year, relates that when he entered the collego in 1852, he was introduced 



1874.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 93 

to the hall of the Polytechnian Society, where he found a group of students, in a 
state of wild hilarity, gathered about a young man who was laboriously turning a 
crank, and drawing out from a rough box of unplaned boards, yard after yard of 
amusing poetry, which he read, as fast as it came forth, to the great delight of his 
auditors. The man at the crank, as he learned, and whom he saw now for the first 
time, was Samuel Burnham, then a sophomore, who was remarkable at that time, 
as he was ever after, for his quick, graceful, easy composition, whether in prose or 
verse. 

_ Up to the time of his college life, he had been blessed with youthful health and 
vigor. But during his connection with the college, he contracted a disease from 
which he suffered greatly in after life. All who have been familiarly acquainted 
with him, will remember that in the days of his highest literary activity, he con- 
stantly wore that pale face, indicative of the sick chamber, rather than of the study 
and the busy room of the editor. There was something truly heroic in the way in 
which he rose above pain and physical weakness to pursue the labors of the day, 
keeping a bright and cheerful face to all comers. Fresh with the latest intelligence 
about books and literary men, happy in his method of communicating it, seldom 
making the slightest reference to his own ills and infirmities, one who chanced to 
meet him would have little conception of the martyr-like spirit with which he toiled 
with his pen, or entered into the joyous conversation of the home circle. He kept 
his own sufferings out of sight that he might not dampen the spirits of others. 
When asked about his health, he used playfully to reply that he had'nt any. 

For a year or two after leaving college, Mr. Burnham was principal of the academy 
in Amherst, N. II., when he came to Boston, and entered upon that career of literary 
industry which continued till his death. Here his labors were varied and abundant. 
He was early employed by Gen. Sumner to write the history of Fast Boston, a work 
which grew to the bulk of six or seven hundred pages, and which displays a wonder- 
ful amount of historical research, especially when regarded as the work of a very 
young man, new at the task. After this he became connected with the Boston 
Tract Society, and wrote for the society some small volumes setting forth the facts 
and wonders of Natural History. For two years he was associated as one of the 
editors of the Congregationalist, and his editorials had that facile flow, joined with 
comprehensive knowledge and good sense, which made them thoroughly readable. 
Only a little while before his death, he had prepared for the press a full edition of 
the works of Senator Sumner, the senator giving- him liberties as to matters of style 
and taste, such as showed that he had great confidence in his literary skill and dis- 
cretion. At the time of his death he was at work, for his chief labor, upon the 
history of the Old South Church of Boston. lie had finished the history down to 
the time of the revolutionary war, and felt that the hard work was done ; that ho 
had gone through the period of strife and doubt and historical darkness, and had 
come out into a plain world of light and easy movement. Some one doubtless will 
be chosen to complete the unfinished task. 

But while these are some of his larger and more extended labors, yet they give 
but a very partial idea of the immense activity of his pen. That which should 

Jiropcrly come under the head of " Miscellaneous," embraces really the burden of 
lis work. Now he is at Lee & Shepard's, having charge of " Oliver Optic's Maga- 
zine," and serving as literary critic for their publications. At the same time he is 
the literary editor or semi-editor of the " Watchman and Reflector." Now he ap- 
pears as Boston correspondent for distant newspapers, the " Christian Union," the 
" New-York Publishers' Weekly," and others. Now he is a correspondent from 
abroad for Boston papers, the "Journal" and "Advertiser." lie contributes to 
the " Springfield Republican," to the " Historical and Genealogical Register," to 
the " Riverside Magazine," and others. Now he is writing extended poems for col- 
lege commencements, or the anniversaries of literary societies and associations, or 
shorter ones for the newspapers, or for the annual meetings of the Williams' 
alumni in Boston. The life and sparkle of his mind came out beautifully in these 
loved meetings of the alumni. At one of them, in a playful and brilliant speech, ho 
urged that they ought to bring their wives with them, and let them also partake in 
the joy of the festival, — that, as now conducted, it was nothing but confining them- 
selves simply to the " Select Hiins." 

Mr. Burnham was, also, one of the editors and proprietors of the Congregational 
Quarterly from 1869 till his death. 

We have already referred to the fact, that his labors were performed amid the 
pressure of disease contracted while in college. He was inclined to ascribe this dis- 
ease to the effect upon his system of the lime water of Western Massachusetts, as the 



94 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

probable cause, though he was always more or less in doubt upon this point. But 
in the later years of his life he grew better, and called himself well. In 18G0 and 
'70, he wore the look of health to a far larger degree than before. The old color in 
some measure came back to his face, and the old elasticity to his frame. Still his 
system was sensitive, and open to the attacks of disease. The complaint to which 
he was more especially subject in the last two or three years of his life, and of which 
at last he died, was a new one, contracted at the sick bed of his father, who died in 
Keene, N. II., in 1870. From that sick chamber he brought the seeds of erysipelas, 
and was subject to outbreaks of this disorder until his death, June 22, 1873, at the 
age of -10. 

Before the close of his college life, he had become a member of his father's church 
in Eindge, and in his subsequent life he has been actively connected with the 
churches where he has resided. At North Cambridge, where his home lias been for 
several years, he has been a valuable member of the Congregational church under 
the pastonU care of the Rev. Mr. Mears. As a christian, he had nothing of the 
ascetic in his disposition, but was cheerful and consistent, seeking the welfare of 
others, and bearing a free and generous part in all matters pertaining to the pros- 
perity of the church. 

He was very fond of music, and had a natural genius for it, so that without any 
systematic instruction he made himself no mean performer on the piano and organ, 
and became the organist and leader of choirs in several churches. Not only did he 
play well the music which others had written, but with his quick and susceptible 
genius he could improvise strains which would fall most pleasantly upon the ear. 

Mr. Bnrnhain was married in 1865 to Mrs. Martha N. Clark, of Franklin, in this 
state, and in his domestic life he has been peculiarly happy. His home was at- 
tractive_ to himself and attractive to his friends, lie had leathered about him a 
choice library containing not a few rare books illustrative of history and art. He 
had the spirit of a collector, and his eye was ever open to discover things select and 
curious, in the world of books and manuscripts. Those who have been permitted to 
meet him in Ms pleasant home, when the labors of the day were done, will bear tes- 
timony to his genial, enlivening and instructive conversation, his happy flow of 
spirits, anol to the general attraction of the hospitality there extended. 

When his last sickness came upon him, it came suddenly ; but he met it with a 
calm spirit of christian resignation. When told by his physician that he could not 
live, he bowed meekly, and his answer was, " It is all right." 

He leaves a wife, a mother, and two sisters. And so has passed away in the midst 
of his years a man of untiring activity and most genial companionship, greatly be- 
loved by all who have enjoyed his familiar acquaintance. 

Mr. Burnham was admitted a member of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, May 10, 1857. i. n. t. 

The Rev. Zedekjaii Surra Barstow, D.D., a corresponding member, was the 
sixth in descent from JoJm 1 Barstow, one of four brothers (1, George; 2, \V r illiaia ; 
3, Michael ; and 4, John), who came from the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, 
about the year 1035, and settled in Massachusetts ; through John, 2 Job, 2 John, 4 and 
John b (his father), of Canterbury, Connecticut, who was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion, and was present at the surrender of Burgoyne ; and after the war, he served 
as deacon of the Congregational church in Canterbury for forty years. 1 His 
mother was Susannah Smith, of Canterbury ; and his grandmother, on the father's 
side, was Elizabeth Newcomb, a descendant of Gov. Bradford of the Old Colony. 

He was bom in Canterbury, Connecticut, Oct. 4, 1790; and died in Keene, 
New-Hampshire, March 1, 1873, consequently at the age of 82 years. lie was the 
youngest ofVix children. He received a common school education in his native 
town, working meanwhile on his father's farm, and at nineteen commenced the 
study of the classics, with the Rev. Erastus Learned, of Canterbury. He after- 
ward pursued his classical studies fur a few months with the Rev. Dr. Nott, of 
Franklin, Conn, (brother of Pres. Nott, of Union College), and entered Yale 
College in the fall of 1809. He supported himself in colle^o by teaching, and 
graduated with honor in 1813. Among his class-mates, were Judge Longstreet. of 
South Carolina, Senator Kane, Prof. Denison Olmstead, Secretary Badger, of North 
Carolina, and the Rev. Dx. Elias Cornelius. He studied theology with President 
Dwight, of New-Haven, and was licensed to preach in 1815. 

1 For a gcuealogy of the Barstow family, sec Barry's History of Hanover, Mliss., pp. 
2C8-43. l * 



1874.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 05 

He was settled by the town of Keene, N. IT., over the Orthodox Congregational 
church in that place, July 1, 1818, and remained pastor of that church Fifty years, 
or until July 1, 1808. His first sermon in Keene was preached July 1, 1818, and 
just fifty-five years from that day he died in peace in his own house, surrounded 
by his family and hosts of life-long friends. 

He was tutor in Hamilton College in 1816 and 1817. He was trustee of Dart- 
mouth College from 1834 to 1871 \ trustee for twenty years of Kimball Union Aca- 
demy ; and trustee and secretary of Keene Academy from 1830 to 1873. He was 
a member and the chaplain of the New-Hampshire legislature in 1807 and 18G8. 

He published many sermons and dissertations, and made frecpuent contributions 
to the religious magazines and newspapers. 

He married, Aug. 19, 1818, Elizabeth Fay Blake, daughter of Elihu Blake and 
Elizabeth Whitney, of Westboro', Mass. 

His children were .-—Timothy Dwight, born July 17, 1820, died Dec. 20, 1820 ; 
AVilliam, born Sept. 8, 1822; Elizabeth Whitney, born July 24, 1824, died Jan., 
1832 ; and Josiah Whitney, born June 21, 1820. 

He received the degree of doctor in divinity from Dartmouth College in 1840. 
He was the oldest clergyman in the state at the time of his death. He wrote more 
than 8000 sermons, served on 202 ecclesiastical councils, preached at nearly 50 
ordinations and installations, and took part in 115. His promptness and punctuality 
in meeting appointments were universally known, and became proverbial. During 
the 37 years of his trustee-ship at Dartmouth College, he was never absent from a 
single meeting of the board. 

He entered college at the age of nineteen, after only six months' preparatory 
study, and soon took high rank as a classical scholar. He received the Berkleian 
premium for Latin composition, in his sophomore year. As a teacher of young 
men in the classics, his success was eminent. While in charge of Hopkins Gram- 
mar School, in 1814, President Woolsey, then a lad of nine years, was his pupil. 
In a letter to Dr. Barstow, received in 1872, President Woolsey says: "To you, 
as I look back, I think myself more indebted than to any other teacher." Among 
his pupils at Hamilton College, were the Rev. Albert Barnes, Bishop Ives, the 
Rev. Dr. Robinson, and Gernt Smith. Even after entering the ministry, in Keene, 
he still kept up his practice of reading and teaching the classics ; and the late 
chief-justice of the United States, the Hon. Salmon P. Chase, studied his Latin 
Grammar and Virgil under Dr. Barstow 's instruction. 

Dr. Barstow was cordially attached to the Calvinistic system of theology, as it 
is set forth in the Westminster and Savoy confessions of faith ; and as a member of 
the national congregational council, held in Boston, in 1805, he took an active part, 
asthe records of that council show, in securing by that body an unanimous adoption 
of those venerable formularies of christian doctrine. 

On the 50th anniversary of his settlement in Keene (July 1, 1808), he resigned his 
pastorate, on which occasion he preached an historical discourse to an immense con- 
course of people assembled from the town and its vicinity, with many also from diil'er- 
ent parts of the state. At its close he took a formal and affectionate leave of his 
parish, and retired from all active pastoral labor. He still, however, continued to 
preach occasionally for the neighboring parishes until within a year of his death. 
His last written sermon he preached at the funeral of the Rev. Dr. Burnham, 
late of Rindge, N. H. It was published in 1872. 

The community in which Dr. Barstow passed his long life and ministry, will not 
cease to cherish his memory with affection and gratitude. His life was given to 
the service of his Master and of his fellow men. At his death the demonstrations 
of respect were universal and emphatic. The church, in which he had so lung min- 
istered, was draped and decorated for the funeral services, by loving hands of all 
denominations, and it was crowded to repletion. Places of business were closed 
and the various church bells of the town were tolled as the honored remains were 
borne to their last resting place. 

The funeral sermon was preached by Professor Parker, of Dartmouth College, 
and was in every respect worthy of the occasion. The following brief sketch is 
taken from Prof. Parker's obituary notice of Dr. Barstow : — " In alluding to the aged 
pastor, the wise and faithful friend, the learned and cultivated man, the true and 
upright citizen, what better tribute can be pronounced than that he k fought a good 
fight and kept the faith.' Endowed with many honors, a father in the ministry, an 
honor and a blessing to the state, greatly lamented, lung to be remembered, he lias 
passed doubtless to a large reward." 
Dr. Barstow was admitted a member of this society, Jan. 6, 1818. 



96 Societies and their proceedings. [Jan. 

Sir Frederick Madden [ante, xxvii. 428] was born in Portsmouth, Eng., Feb. 1G, 
1801, and fl. athis residence, 25 St. Stephen's Square, March 8, 1873, a. 72. lie 
was twice married : first, in 1829, to Mary, dau. and co-heiress of Robert Ilay ton, Esq., 
of Sunderland ; second, in 1837, to Emily Sarah, dau. of William Robertson, D.O.L., 
of Tottenham. She d. in London, Feb. 15, 1873, a. GO. His children, three sons 
and one dau., all by his last wife, were : 1, Frederic William, b. 1839; 2, George 
Ernest Phillips, b. 1811 ; 3, Emily Mary, b. 1818 ; 4, James Arnold \VicliJ)'e,h. 1850. 

William Powell Mason, Esq., a resident member, was born December the 9th, 
1791, in Franklin place, Boston, and was christened William Powell after his 
mother's father, William Powell. His paternal grandfather was the lion. Jonathan 
Mason, deacon of the Old South Church. He fitted for college with the Rev. Thomas 
Prentiss (11. 0. 1770), of Medlield, Mass., and entered Harvard University, where he 
graduated in 1811 in the class with the Hon. Edward Everett, the Rev. N. Froth- 
mgham, D.D., Edward Reynolds, M.D., and the Rev. Dr. Joseph Allen, of North- 
borough. 

lie was a regular attendant in early life of the Rev. Dr. William Ellcry Chan- 
ning's church, in Federal street, and was an Unitarian in his religious belief. 

He studied law in the oilice of Judge Charles Jackson, and commenced practice 
as the partner of the Hon. William Sullivan, and was reporter of the United States 
district court, from 1816 to 1830. His Reports, in 5 volumes, comprise many im- 
portant decisions by Judge Story. Mr. Loring, in his " Hundred Boston Orators," 
says of these volumes : " They will honorably class, for learning and daily practice, 
with the ablest reports of Great Britain." In 1827 he delivered the Fourth-of-July 
oration before the city authorities of Boston. 

He was a representative from Boston to the General Court of Massachusetts, from 
May, 1828, to May, 1831. 

His brother, Jonathan Mason, Esq., of Boston, thus writes concerning him: — 
" Of his character, as a son and a brother, I can testily. Of warm and impulsive 
feelings, his bearing and intentions were universally honorable and correct, and his 
manners always courteous." He was married, Oct. 21, 1831, to Miss Hannah 
Rogers, daughter of the late Daniel Dennison Rogers, and sister of the Hon. Henry 
B. Rogers, by whom he had one daughter and two sons. He was admitted a member 
of this society June 24, 1845, and died Dec. 4, 18G7, aged 75 years 11 months 23 
days, leaving one son and one daughter besides his -widow, who has since deceased." 



SOCIETIES AND TIIEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, July 9. Pursuant to adjournment the society met this day, the president, 
the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair, and listened to a paper 1 read by Capt.Geo. 
Henry Preble, U. S. N., upon the history of three memorable and historic flags, 
namely : the flag worn by the Bon Homme Richard in her fight, under command 
of John Paul Jones, with the Serapis, in 1779 ; the flag borne by the U. S. Bri" 
Enterprise in her encounter with the Boxer in 1813; and the flag which floated 
over l<ort Mcllenry, near Baltimore, in 1814, at the time of the British naval at- 
tack on that city, and which inspired Key's " Star-Spangled Banner." 

Miss Sarah Smith Stafford, of Trenton, N. J., the owner of the Bon Iloinme 
Richard flag, Mrs. William Stuart Appleton, the daughter of Col. Armistead, and 
ow T ner c>f the Fort Henry flag, and her daughters, were present. 

During his reading, Capt. Preble exhibited the diary of Dr. Ezra Green, 
Burgeon of the Ranger in 1778, which had been handed to him since he en- 
tered the room, by the Hon. James D. Green, a nephew of the diarist, and read 
an extract from the diary confirming his own statement regarding the first salute 
paid to the stars and stripes by a foreign power. 

At the conclusion of the paper, the " Star-Spangled Banner " was sung, by the 

1 This paper is published at length in this number of the Register (see pp. 17-41).— 
[Editor.] 



Vtli.} Boo ietiz* and ih e h\ PrCLC&dintfi . 9 7 

suggestion of the president; Mrs. George L. Baker, of Boston, a grand-daughter of 
the hemic defender of Fort McHenry, leading. 

_ The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., remarked upon the national song they had just 
listened to, and spoke of the enthusiasm with which it was received at the late 
Peace Jubilee when the English Royal Grenadier Band played the tune. Rear- 
Admiral Thatcher, being called upon by the president, expressed briefly his gratifi- 
cation and interest in the occasion. 

Col. A. II. Iloyt then offered the following resolutions, which were adopted : 

Resolved, That the society has good reason to congratulate itself that it has the 
honor and pleasure of the presence on this occasion of Miss Sarah Smith Stafford, of 
Trenton, N. J., and Mrs. YVm. Stuart Appleton, of New York, representatives of 
the victors in two memorable battles, — one on the sea in 1779, during the revolu- 
tionary war, the other on the land, during the " war of 1812," — in both of which 
a victory was gained over a foreign enemy. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the society be presented to Miss Stafford, Mrs. Ap- 
pleton and to Mr. Horatio G. Quincy, of Portland, Me., for permitting the cele- 
brated battle-flags in their possession to be publicly exhibited in the Society's House 
this day. 

Resolved, further, That the thanks of the society be presented to Capt. George 
Henry Preble, U.S.N. , for his successful efforts to bring together these interesting 
relics of our national valor, his valuable essay on their history, and his account of 
the brilliant events they commemorate. 

Resolved, also, That Capt. Preble be requested to furnish a copy of his essay for 
the society's archives. 

The president announced the deaths of the Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., ex- 
president of the society ; John II. Sheppard, A.M., ex-librarian ; and Samuel Burn- 
ham, A.M., ex-director ; and stated that committees had been appointed by the 
directors to prepare suitable resolutions. 

Boston, Sept. 3. A monthly meeting was held this afternoon. In the absence of 
the president and recording secretary, Ebenezer Aldcn was called to the chair and 
William B-. Trask was chosen secretary pro tern. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported as donations during the months of June, 
July and August, 470 volumes, 78 pamphlets, 82 maps, 30 manuscripts and 3 broad- 
sides. Special mention was made of the donations of Henry F. Walling, William 
B. Lapham, M.I)., Thomas E. Sawin, Adm. Charles II. Davis, U.S.N., Joseph W. 
Tucker, Mrs. Edward A. Newton, and the Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., to 
whom the thanks of the society were voted. 

John W. Dean, the assistant historiographer, read biographical sketches of two 
deceased members, Henry V. Ward and Henry L. Hobart. 

Col. A. II. Hoyt read sketches prepared by John Gough Nichols, F.S.A., of 
two deceased members, viz. : Sir Thomas Phillipps and Sir Frederick Madden (ante, 
xxvii. 428-30). A vote of thanks for the sketches was passed to Mr. Nichols. 
Frederic Kidder and the Hon. Charles Cowley made remarks upon the character ot 
Sir Thomas Phillipps, the latter giving reminiscences of a visit to Sir Thomas not long 
before his death. Judge Cowley w r as requested to commit his remarks to writing 
for the use of the society. 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, the president, then appeared and took the chair. 

The Hon. Amasa Walker, LL.D., of North Brookfield, read a paper entitled 
" Household Manufactures in New-England in the Olden Time." The article em- 
bodied his experience in boyhood, when his parents first furnished him with a sur- 
tout, which required the aid of the wool-carder, the weaver, the fuller, and the seam- 
stress, besides eighty miles of horseback riding. Mr. "Walker remarked, that a better 
garment could now be earned by a boy twelve years old in the time he then consum- 
ed riding. 

Remarks were made on the subject by Ebenezer Alden, M.D., and William M. 
Cornell, M.D., the latter of whom moved the thanks of the society to Mr. Walker, 
which were unanimously passed. 

The Board of Directors nominated 5 candidates for resident, and 1 for correspond- 
ing membership, who were balloted for and elected. 

Boston, October 1. A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon. In the absence 
of the president aud recording secretary, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., was chosen 
president, and Samuel A. Drake, secretary pro tern. 
VOL. xxviii. 9 



98 Societies mid their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported the accept- 
ance of seven resident, one honorary and one corresponding members. 

The J lev. Dr. Clarke, the historiographer, read a biographical sketch of the late 
Hon. Joseph Howe, lieutenant-governor of Nova-Scotia, a corresponding member. 

Samuel G. Drake, chairman of the committee appointed by the directors, then 
presented the following resolutions upon the death of the Hon. William Whiting : 

Resolved, That by the death of the Honorable William Whiting, LL.D., the 
New-England Historic, Genealogical Society is deprived of one of its most valued 
members, who for live years served as its president (1853-1858); rendering it ser- 
vices, in its comparative infancy, of the greatest importance. 

Resolved, That this society recognizes in Mr. Whiting a gentleman of distinguish- 
ed ability, a lawyer of the first rank, a public officer of the highest integrity, a zeal- 
ous and unswerving patriot firmly devoted to the public welfare. 

Resolved, That we deeply deplore his loss, and fully sympathize with his family 
and many friends in their great bereavement. 

The resolutions were sustained by Samuel G. Drake and Frederic Kidder, the lat- 
ter of whom gave a detailed account of Mr. Whiting's success as a lawyer, and dwelt 
particularly on his services to the general government while he held the responsible 
position ot solicitor to the war department. The resolutions were then unanimously 
adopted. 

The llev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee to prepare resolutions 
of respect to Mr. Sheppard's memory, offered the following : 

Resolved, That this society has received with deep emotion the intelligence of the 
death of our respected friend and associate, John 11. Sheppard, Esq., who has long 
been an active member of this body, and for several years its courteous and assiduous 
librarian ; and that it becomes us to bow with unfeigned submission to the allotment 
of Divine Providence which has deprived this institution and the world of his emi- 
nent and faithful services. 

Resolved, That in all the relations of life, domestic, professional, literary and 
religious, Mr. Sheppard sustained a character above reproach ; that in his earlier 
active life, as a member of the bar in the State of Maine, of the board of overseers of 
Bowdoin College, and in other public positions, his fidelity to his trusts was con- 
spicuous, and that as a scholar he made attainments which entitle his memory to 
very grateful consideration. His tastes were rather historical and biographical than 
genealogical ; he was familiarly acquainted with the Roman historians, orators and 
poets ; read the Hebrew with great facility, and preferred the Bible in its original 
tongues for devotional purposes, in his last severe illness, even down to the time 
when reason left its throne before he sank into the repose of death. 

Resolved, That Ave tender our sincere condolence to the relatives of the deceased, 
and declare our conviction, that, by the amenity of his manners, by his habits of 
temperance through his long and laborious life, his genial spirit, his scorn of every 
thing mean and dishonorable, his iron industry, his love of letters, and his pro- 
found reverence of God and the institutions of Christianity, Mr. Sheppard has 
left an example worthy of the closest imitation. 

Remarks, sustaining these resolutions, were made by the Rev. Dr. Clarke, "Wil- 
liam B. Trask, Samuel G. Drake, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, William M. Cornell, 
M.D., Winslow Lewis, M.D., Frederic Kidder and the lion. Charles Cowley. 
The resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Frederic Kidder, chairman, presented the following resolutions on the death of 
Samuel Burnham, A.M. : 

God in his providence having removed by deatli Mr. Samuel Burnham, an active 
member of this Society, we, his fellow members, desire to bear testimony in this 
public manner, to his valuable services in connection with this association and to 
the good work which he has accomplished as a writer, during the years of his short 
but busy life. We would bear witness to the excellence of his character, and to 
his cheerful and happy spirit in all his intercourse with his fellow men. To his 
family and kindred we tender our sincerest sympathies, and with them shall con- 
tinue to hold his name in affectionate remembrance. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., then read a memoir of Mr. Burnham, and 
after remarks sustaining the resolutions, they were unanimously adopted. 

William B. Trask, chairman, offered the following resolutions to the memory of 
the lion. Edmund P. Tilcston, a member and benefactor of this society, who held 



1874.] Societies and tlieh\ Proceedings. 99 

the office of president of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society from itg 
organization to the time of his death : 

Whereas, this society, recognizing their own and the public loss sustained in the 
removal by death of their late revered associate, the Honorable Edmund Pitt Tile- 
stun, would inscribe upon their records their grateful appreciation of his esti- 
mable worth, it is therefore 

Resolved, That in the character of onr deceased member we recognize the nobility 
of true manhood as illustrated by integrity, sagacity, industry, urbanity, a love of 
letters, an unostentatious benevolence, and a pervading christian faith. 

Resolved, That we mourn the loss of one who was devoted to the work of this 
society, and whose memory is entitled to respect for the generous and efficient aid 
which he rendered to this and kindred organizations. 

Resolved, That we tender to the family and kindred of our late lamented associate, 
our deepest sympathies in their great affliction, invoking for thein divine consolations. 

After remarks from Mr. Trask and the lion. George W. Warren, the resolutions 
were unanimously adopted. 

Charles VV. Tuttle, a committee to prepare resolutions on the death of Judge 
Bourne, a member of this society, offered the following resolves : 

Resolved, That by the death of the Hon. Edward E. Bourne, LL.D., president of 
the Maine Historical Society, the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society 
loses a member distinguished for his extensive and accurate knowledge- of New- 
England history, for high professional character and attainments, for faithful dis- 
charge of oilieial duties, for great firmness and integrity of character, and well 
esteemed in all the relations of life. 

Mr. Tuttle sustained his resolutions by a comprehensive review of the life, ser- 
vices and character of the deceased, after which they were unanimously adopted. 

The directors nominated four candidates for resident membership, who were bal- 
loted for and elected. 

Boston, November 5. A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, the president 
in the chair. 

The librarian reported as donations 109 volumes, 278 pamphlets, 12P> maps, 1 series 
of arms and seals, 4 manuscripts, 2 engraved portraits, framed, 1 engraving, 17 
broadsides, 4 newspapers, 1 Japanese newspaper, 1 hymn of praise in Chinese. 

The corresponding secretary made his monthly report of acceptances. lie also 
read letters from James Bertrand Payne, F.S.A., of London, Eng., and John 
Randolph Bryan, of Columbia, Va., the latter giving a MS. inscription on a portrait 
of Sir Anthony Browne, Viscount Montacute, in the possession of Josiah L. Deaue, 
of Rosewell, Gloucester county, Va., a descendant of William Burnet Browne, of 
Virginia, who was descended from the Browne family of Salem, Mass.; and the 
former relating to a genealogical periodical, called "The King of Arms," com- 
menced in October, in London, and edited by Mr. Payne. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of two members recently deceased, 
namely, the lion. John Prentiss, of Keene, N.H., and Thomas Richardson, of Boston. 

The Hon. Thomas C. Ainory read a paper entitled "The Transfer of Ireland to 
English Ownership." J. Wingate Thornton made some remarks suggested by 
Mr. Amory's paper, and moved the thanks of the society, which were passed 
unanimously. 

The following persons were chosen as the committee on publication for 1873-4, 
namely : Col. Albert II. Hoyt, John Ward Dean, William B. Towne, Cant. George 
II. Preble,/U\S.N., the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., and Harry U. Edes. 

A committee to nominate candidates for officers and standing committees of the 
society, at the annual election in January, was chosen, consisting of Charles W. 
Tuttle, John Poster, George T. Littlefield, Augustus T. Perkins, and Edward S. 
Rand, Jr. 

Boston, December 3. A monthly meeting was held this afternoon. The president 
being absent, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., was called to the chair. The Rev. 
Samuel Cutler was chosen recording secretary pro tempore, to act during the absence 
of Mr. Haskins, who is now in Europe. 

John Lord Hayes, of Boston, read an interesting paper on " The Elements of 
Poetry in the History of Portsmouth and the Piseataqua." On motion of George 
T. Littlefield a vote of thanks for the paper was passed. The lion. Lorenzo Sabine 
gave some entertaining reminiscences and anecdotes of persons and places mentioned 
by Mr. Hayes. 



100 ' Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The librarian reported as donations, 22 volumes, 85 pamphlets, several files of 
newspapers, 1 manuscript, 2 genealogical charts, and L framed photograph. 

The corresponding secretary made his monthly report of acceptances. He also 
read a letter from Edward Arber, F.S.A., of London, England, in relation to issuing 
a limited edition of the London Stationers' Company's Registers from 1554 to 1610. 
These registers are the official record of authorized publications. They constitute in 
fact, for their period, the Doomsday Books of English literature. Especially are they 
the supreme and ultimate authority respecting the earliest publications in England 
relating to her American colonies. Mr. Arber inclosed a prospectus and specimens 
of the entries. The work will make four thick volumes, and the edition will not 
exceed four hundred and sixty copies, including forty-one on large paper, and all 
copies not subscribed for on the issue of the fourth volume will be destroyed. 

The historiographer read a biographical sketch of George Gibbs, of New-Haven, 
Ct., a member of the society. 

Frederic Kidder then oil'ered the following resolutions, which were unanimously 
passed : 

Whereas, It has been the custom of this society to hold in grateful remembrance 
those persons who have in any way contributed to aid its purposes and help forward 
its progress ; 

Resolved, That in the death of the late Cyrus Wakefield, we mourn the loss of a 
generous patron, a man of great enterprise, who, by his sudden death, has left many 
liberal purposes unfulfilled which we feel would have been of great value to this city, 
and also to the town of his residence which bears his name. 

Colonel Albert II. Iloyt made some remarks upon the character of the late 
Nathaniel Curtis of this city, who met his death in a recent disaster at sea. He 
thought that Mr. Curtis could not be better described than by the words he himself 
uses at the end of a biography of his father, in the Register for January, 1868 : 
ante, xxii. 9. 

Colonel Iloyt concluded by offering the following resolutions, which were unani- 
mously adopted : 

Resolved, That this society has heard with deep regret of the death of one of its 
benefactors and associate members, Nathaniel Curtis of this city, who, with about 
225 of his fellow passengers, several of whom were residents of this city and vicinity, 
found a watery grave by the sinking of the steamer Ville du Havre in mid-ocean, on 
the morning of the 22cl of November last. 

Resolved, That while we gratefully appreciate the practical and generous interest 
which our associate manifested in the work and prosperity of this society, we also 
desire to place on record our estimate of those excellent qualities of character which, 
as a merchant, as a citizen, and as a man, he illustrated during a long life of ac- 
tivity and usefulness in this community. 

New-London (County) Historical Society. 

The third annual meeting of the New-London County Historical Society was held 
at 11 o'clock, A.M., Monday, Nov. 21, at the common council chamber, in the city 
of New-London, Conn., the president in the chair. 

The secretary read his report, which was accepted. The report of the treasurer, 
which was read and accepted, showed the finances of the society to be in a satis- 
factory condition. 

The following named gentlemen were elected officers of the society for the ensuing 
year:— 

President— -the Hon. L. F. S. Foster. 

Vice-Presidents — the Hon. Charles J. McCurdy, Ashbel Woodward, M.D., Francis 
B. Loomis, Esq. 

Advisory Committee — Messrs. Thomas P. Field, Hiram P. Arms, Henry P. Haven, 
William II. Potter, John T. Wait, George W. Goddard, Henry J. Gallup, Richard 
A. Wheeler, Thomas L. Shipman, James Griswold, John W. Stedman, Daniel Lee, 
Hiram Willey, Ledyard Rill, Ralph Wheeler. 

Secretary— John P. C. Mather, Esq. 

Treasurer — William II. Howe, Esq. 

After the regular business had been transacted, the members of the society were 
favored with an address from the Rev. Leonard Bacon, of New-llaven. The speaker 
greatly interested his auditors for more than an hour, while he gave a history, some- 
what in detail, of " The First Year in the Life of the Pilgrim Colony of Plymouth." 



1874.] Book-JSFoticks. 101 

The address is to be published. Tt was in substance the leading chapter in a manu- 
script volume of the learned author, which, as we understand, he is now preparing 
for the press. 

Vermont Historical Society. 

The annual meeting for 1873 was held in Montpelier, Tuesday forenoon, Oct. 14. 

The lion. E. P. Walton presented a gift from the lion. Roswell Marsh, of Steu- 
benville, Ohio, and a resolution of thanks to the donor was passed. 

The following ollicers for the ensuing year were eleeted : — 

President — The Rev. William II. Lord, D.D., Montpelier. 

Vice-Presidents — The lion. James Barrett, LL.D., Woodstock; the Hon. Iloyt 
II. Wheeler, Jamaica; L. Dutcher, Esq., St. Albans. 

Recording Secretary — Hiram A. Iluse, Montpelier. 

Corresponding Secretaries — The lion. George G. Benedict, Burlington ; Orville S. 
Bliss, Georgia. 

Treasurer — Col. Herman D. Hopkins, Montpelier. 

Librarian — II. A. Iluse, Montpelier. 

Board of Curators — Henry Clark, Rutland ; the Hon. John R. Cleaveland, Brook- 
field ; the Hon. Russell S. Taft, Burlington; the Hon. Franklin Fairbanks, St. 
Jolmsbury ; the Hon. £. P. Walton, Montpelier; M. C. Edmunds, M.D., Weston ; 
Col. fvittredge Haskins, Brattleboro'. 

The president announced the appointment of the following standing committees : 

Printing and Publishing Committee — The Hon. II. Hall, Bennington; the lion. 
E. P. Walton, Montpelier; the Rev. \V. 11. Lord, Montpelier. 

On Library and Cabinet — P. I). Bradford, jS'orthlield ; Charles S. Smith, Mont- 
pelier ; Russell S. Taft, Burlington. 

On Finance — Charles Dewey, Montpelier ; C. "W. "YYillard, Montpelier ; Franklin 
Fairbanks, St. Jolmsbury. 

On motion of the Hon. E. P. Walton, II. A. Iluse was appointed to prepare a 
memorial of the Hon. Charles Reed, to be read at the next meeting of the society. 

The president and secretary were authorized to call a special meeting to be held at 
Rutland sometime daring the coming winter. 

Charles P. Bushnell of New-York was elected a corresponding member of the 
society, and Charles Pomeroy Button of Burlington was eleeted a member. 

It was voted that printed certificates of membership be prepared and forwarded to 
the various members. After the transaction of some further business the meeting 
adjourned. 



BOOK-NOTICES. 



A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts, with. Numerous Illustrations on 
Wood and Steel. By the Rev. Elias Nason, M.A., Author of the "Life 
of Sir Charles Henry Frankland ; " the " Life of Hon. Henry Wilson," 
etc. ; and Member of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
the American Antiquarian Society, the New- York Historical Society, 
and other learned bodies. Boston: Published by B. B. Russell, 55 
Cornhill. 1874. [8vo. pp. 576.] 

A gazetteer of Massachusetts, brought down to the present time, has long been 
an urgent want of our people. That of John Hay ward, published in 1819, though 
in many respects an excellent one lor its day, has long been out of date. We hail, 
therefore, with pleasure the appearance of a work which meets the requirements of 
the times. 

In the preface, we are told that " to portray the varied local scenery, the genius, 
the spirit, the industrial and intellectual activities of the people ; to form a guide- 
book of the State, adapted to the family, the (student, the man of business and the 
man of leisure, the editor and the literary institution, — has been, both as regards 
the plan and the detail, the writer's constant aim." 

VOL. xxviii. 9* 



102 Book-Notices. [Jan. 

Among the points which are peculiar to this gazetteer of our state, or which 
have here been dwelt upon with greater detail, may be named the topographical 
descriptions which are furnished of the various towns, their geological aspects and 
accounts of their flora and fauna. It may be noted that three important counties, 
Middlesex, Norfolk and Worcester, have never before been topographically 
described. 

Massachusetts is noted for producing men of ability and learning, who have 
made their mark at home, in other states, in the national councils or in the various 
fields of literature. Care has been taken to assign to the several towns the most 
distinguished of these celebrities. 

The past names of towns, as well as their present ones, are given in their alpha- 
betical order ; and, as far as they can be ascertained, the origin and meaning of all 
the names, English and Indian, are furnished. Where there are town histories 
printed, the fact is stated, and sometimes when histories are in preparation. We 
have not space, however, to note all the new features of the work. To the readers 
of the Register, of which he was for several years the editor, and to the members 
of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, before whom he has read many 
historical papers with marked approval, the author needs no introduction. 

The book is well printed on fine paper, and copiously illustrated. It has a good 
township map of the state. J. w. dean. 

Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women of Europe and America, 
embracing History, State smanship, Naval and Military Life, Philosophy, 
The Drama, Science, Literature and Art. With Biographies. By Evert 
A. Duyckinck. Illustrated with Highly Finished Steel Engravings 
from Original Portraits by the Most Celebrated Artists. New- York: 
Johnson, Fry & Co. [4to.] 

Mr. Duyckinck's reputation as an author requires no endorsement from us. As 
the editor of the Literary World, published a quarter of a century ago, and as the 
author of the " Cyclopaedia of American Literature," the " Portrait Gallery of 
Eminent Americans," the " History of the War for the Union " and other works, he 
has become favorably known to the reading public, — both to the old and the young. 
His books may be found in most of the families of New- England. 

Mr. Duyckinck's books are never uninteresting. He has a ready command of 
language and a vivacity of style that always wins the reader's attention. His 
genial temper and liberal spirit prevent him from being a bigotted partizan, and 
enable him to do justice to the most dissimilar characters. In fact, he is one of the 
most truthful as well as agreeable writers of biography of our day. 

In this book, to use the words of its prospectus, " all the great nations of Europe 
supply their men of thought and action, their great sovereigns, their founders of 
governments, their distinguished military chieftains, their statesmen, their philan- 
thropists, their scientific discoverers, their poets and artists. The new birth of 
Italy is exhibited in the record of Cavour, Garibaldi, and Victor Emmanuel and the 
early rule of Pope Pius ; France has her Marie Antoinette, her Charlotte Corday, 
her Napoleons, her Thiers ; Russia her Alexander, with his grand work of national 
reform ; Germany emerges from the old revolution with her Goethe, Schiller, Hum- 
boldt, to enter upon the empire with King William, Bismarck and Von Moltke ; 
England is illustrated from the days of Johnson to those of Dickens and Tennyson 
in literature ; she has her statesmen in Bright, Cobden and Gladstone ; her warriors 
on sea and land in Nelson and Wellington ; her philanthropists of both sexes, from 
Wilberforce to Florence Nightingale ; her race of female novelists, from Jane 
Austin to Charlotte Bronte ; her inventors in such examples as Stephenson and 
Faraday ; Scotland has her Burns, Scott and Livingstone ; Ireland her Burke, 
Goldsmith, Edgeworth, Curran, Grattan and O'Connell ; while in the United 
States, all the classes we have alluded to are represented in Washington, Franklin, 
Jefferson, Lincoln, Grant, Webster, Fulton, Morse, Peabody, Bryant and others of 
either sex." 

This list comprises but a few of the portraits, one-third of which are to be of 
illustrious women. 

The work is issued in numbers, each number containing 32 pages of letter press 
and three highly finished steel engravings. It is to be completed in forty parts, at 
fifty cents each, thirty of which are already published. It is uniform with Mr. 



1874.] Boolc-JSTotkes. 103 

Duyckinck's " Eminent Americans," issued by the same publishers, and will make 
when completed two beautiful quarto volumes. 

The publishers announce two other works by Mr. Duyckinck, namely, the 
"History of the World from the Earliest Period to the Present Time," and the 
"Lives and Portraits of the Presidents of the United States, from Washington to 
Grant"; the former to be issued in forty parts, uniform with the present work, 
and the latter in one quarto volume of upwards of 250 pages, with numerous steel 
engravings. J. w. d. 

Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. • Edited by the Rev. 
Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.S.A. Scot., Historiographer to the Society. 
Vol. II. London. 1873. [8vo. pp. ±bb.~\ 

The first president of the Historical Society of Great Britain, established in 18G9, 
was Mr. George Grote, the distinguished and learned historian of Greece. After 
his death, Earl Rusell succeeded to the office, and delivered an inaugural address on 
the 24th of June, 1872. 

From a modest beginning, this association has gradually advanced in interest, 
importance and in numbers. In February, 1872, the number of Fellows on the roll 
was 108, while in July, 1873, it had advanced to 303. 

The volume before us comprises the more important papers read at the meetings 
of the society during the last two years. 

The following are the titles of the several papers : 

1. Inaugural Address of the Right Hon. Earl Russell, K.G., President of the 
Society. 

2. Es-Sukhra, Locked-up Stone of Jerusalem. By General The Hon. Sir Edward 
Cust, K.C.1L,D.C.L. 

3. Life and Naval Career of Admiral Sir Richard J. Strachan, Baronet, G.O.B. 
By Thomas A. Wise, M.D., F.R.H.S., F.S.A. Scot. 

4. Podiebrad : Bohemia Past and Present. By Professor DeVericour, F.R.II.S. 

5. Wat Tyler. By Professor DeVerieour. 

6. Notes in the History of Sir Jerome Alexander, Second Justice of the Court 
of Common Pleas, and Founder of the Alexander Library, Trinity College, Dublin. 
By the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.R.H.S., F.S.A. Scot. (Reprinted from 
vol. i.) 

7. Further Notes in the History of Sir Jerome Alexander. By John P. 
Prendergast, Esq., Hon. F.R.II.S. 

8. Materials for a Domestic History of England. By George Harris, Esq., 
F.S.A., F.R.II.S. 

9. Borrowing of Modern from Ancient Poets. By the late Sir John Bowring, 
LL.D.,F.R.S.,F.R.H.S. 

10. Memorials of Dr. John Old, the Reformer. By William Watkins Old, 
Esq.,F.R.H.S. 

11. History of the Trent Bridges at Nottingham. By John Potter Briscoe, 
Esq., F.R.II.S. 

12. An Estimate of the Scottish Nobility during the Minority of James VI. and 
subsequently, with Preliminary Observations. By the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., 
F.R.II.S., F.S.A. Scot. 

13. The Poetical Remains of King James I., of Scotland, with Memoir. By the 
Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.R.II.S., F.S.A. Scot. 

14. Domestic Everyday Life, Manners and Customs in the Ancient World. By 
George Harris, Esq., F.S.A. 

15. Notes in Ethnography. By Lieutenant-General George Twemlow, R.A., 
F.R.II.S. 

16. Supplementary Notes on the History of the Scottish House of Roger. By 
the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D. 

It will be observed that the subjects treated in the foregoing papers are various, 
and some of them of greater and more permanent value than others. A Icav of 
them are of the nature of historical essays, and are chiefly important as giving the 
sentiments and ideas of scholars, ripe in experience and learning. 

The thoughts suggested by the inaugural of Earl Russell are highly interesting 
and appropriate, thrown off apparently with great ease, and without any elaborate 
preparation. 



104 Book-JVbticks. [Jan. 

He calls attention to the fact that history is written with far more accuracy and 
care in its details than in former years. In illustration of this' he says : " It would 
not now be permitted to David Hume to describe Charles the First as having his 
sleep disturbed by the noise of carpenters erecting the scaffold for his execution, 
while he slept at St. James's Palace, and the scaffold was prepared at Whitehall." 

He gives a brief sketch of the principal changes that have taken place, and the 
advance that has been made in civil and religious freedom since the peace of 1815. 
He has not much faith that the scourge of war is to be averted by the artificial 
schemes of arbitration, or by the complex machinery of councils and congresses, 
but our chief hope must be in the introduetion of a Christian temper into all the 
relations, both of nations and of individuals. 

The volume before us is edited by the learned and careful antiquary, the Rev. Dr. 
Charles Kogers, which is a sufficient guarantee for the accuracy of the text and the 
richness of its annotations. It lacks, however, that valuable accessory to every 
historical work, an index of names and subjects. e. f. slafter. 

Report and Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin for the 
Years 18G9, 1870, 1871 and 1872. Vol. VI. Madison, Wis.: Atwood 
& Culver, State Printers. 1872. [8vo. pp. 504.] 

The Historical Society of Wisconsin was organized Jan. 30, 1819, at Madison, 
less than a year after the admission of the state into the union. The first suggestion 
of such a society seems to have been made by Chauncey C. Britt in the Mineral 
Point Democrat, Oct. 22, 1845. Mr. Britt's article met the approval of the news- 
paper press of the territory, yet nothing was done till 1849. But little was 
accomplished after the organization until March, 1853, when an act of incorporation 
was obtained, and in January, 1854, the society was reorganized. At that time 
the number of volumes in the library was only 50, but at the end of a year 1000 
volumes and 1000 pamphlets had been added to them. In January, 1870, there 
were in the library 20,324 volumes and 21,804 pamphlets, making a total of 42,188. 

It is now a quarter of a century since the organization of the society, and a fifth 
of a century since its active operations began. During that time it has collected a 
vast mass of materials — manuscript and printed — relative to the history of what 
was formerly called " the north west," and particularly of Wisconsin. Since the 
treasures of the Chicago Historical Society were consumed in the great lire of 
October, 1871, we know of no collection that approaches this, either for extent or 
value. In collecting these materials, two gentlemen, Messrs. Lyman C. Drapier 
and Daniel S. Durrie, have been indefatigable, and it is mainly owing to their 
exertions that the society has been so successful. 

The first volume of the society's Collections was published in 1855 in a thin 
volume of 100 pages. Other volumes followed in 1856, 1857, 1859 and 1869, the 
last being issued in three numbers. The present volume contains, besides the 15th, 
16th, 17th and 18th reports, and other matters relating particularly to the society, 
twenty-four articles which throw much light upon "the prominent men and events 
connected with the successive periods of Wisconsin history." We will only name a 
few, such as a rare tract on the "North West in 1817," by Samuel A. Storrow, 
here reprinted; Forsyth's Journal to St. Anthony in 1819; Capt. Carver and 
Carver's Grant, by D. S. Durrie; and a paper by Hon. John Y. Smith, in which 
the claims of Eleazer Williams to the Dauphinship of France are subjected to a 
severe critical scrutiny and rejected. J. w. d. 

The Symmes Memorial. A Biographical Sketch of the Rev. Zccliariah 
Symmes, Minister of Charlestoivn, 1G34-71, with a Genealogy and Brief 
Memoirs of Some of his Descendants. Also Embracing Notices of many 
of the Name, both in Europe and America, not connected with his Family, 
and an Autobiography. By John Adams Vinton. Boston : Printed 
for the Author by David Clapp & Son. 1873. [8vo. pp. 184.] 

The Symmes family was one of the most prominent in early New-England history, 
but no attempt, that we are aware of, has before been made to prepare a full gene- 
alogy of it. The Rev. Mr. Vinton has now performed that task in a manner that 
will satisfy the most captious. He is not satisfied with mere genealogical details, 
but reproduces the lives of the several individuals as full as the materials which he 
can obtain will permit. He interweaves into his narratives many incidents and 



1874.] BooJc-Mticds. 105 

events that have an historical value. Like all his previous genealogies, this is a 
model of clearness and preciseness. 

The autobiography of Mr. Vinton is interesting and instructive. With feeble 
health and a moderate income, he has performed an extraordinary amount of mental 
labor. Among the genealogical volumes which he has compiled may be mentioned, 
" The Vinton Memorial " and " The Giles Memorial," of which extended notices have 
appeared in our pages (ante, xii. 277 ; xviii. 316). The present work, though 
compiled under the pressure of extreme weakness and sickness, bears the marks of 
thorough research and careful compilation. Like his other works, it is thoroughly 
indexed, both as to names and subjects. As the book is. printed at the author's 
pecuniary risk, we hope the family will not allow him to suffer a loss. 

Mr. Vinton has in preparation, we understand, genealogies of the Upton and the 
Richardson families. The former is now in press, and the latter in an advanced 
state of forwardness. J- W. d. 

Contributions for the Genealogies of the Descendants of the First Settlers of 
the Patent and City of Schenectady, from 1G62 to 1800. By Jonathan 
Pkarson. Albany, N. Y. : J. Munsell, 82 State Street. 1873. [Fcp. 
4to. pp. 324.] 

Contributions for the Genealogies of the First Settlers of the Ancient County 
of Albany, from 1030 to 1800. By Prof. Jonathan Pearson. 
Albany, N. Y. : J. Munsell. 1872. [Pep. 4 to. pp. 182.] 

The difficulties which a person meets with in searching the early Dutch records 
for genealogical purposes are very great and vexatious, as the reader will admit 
after reading Prof. Pearson's remarks upon this subject, which we extracted in the 
Register for January, 1873 (ante, xxvii. 82-3) , from the "First Settlers of Albany." 
The author, however, has had the patience to master all these difficulties. As he 
is, we believe, of New-England origin, his personal interest, if any, cannot be so 
£reat as that of a descendant of the Dutch settlers ; and we must therefore credit a 
arge portion of his labor to a pure desire to benefit others. 

Though the genealogies in these books are mostly of Dutch families, many 
English, Scotch and Irish names are here found interspersed. 

If the author had not been subjected to the perplexities before referred to, if; 
would have required great labor to compile such a multitude of different genealo- 
gies, and make them so complete as these are. The descendants of the early 
settlers of Albany and Schenectady therefore owe a debt of deep gratitude to Prof. 
Pearson for the work he has done for them. The arrangement of the families is 
compact and clear, and there is no difficulty in tracing the later generations in the 
book to the first comers of those places. 

The volumes are got up in Mr. Munsell's usual excellent style. The Albany 
book is illustrated by engravings of two ancient Dutch mansions and a portrait of 
Arientze Coeymans, an Albany lady of the seventeenth century. The Schenectady 
book contains the arms of the Vrooman family. 

The edition printed is a small one, and we understand that it is already nearly 
exhausted, so that those who wish to procure the work had better apply to tho 
publisher soon. j. w. d. 

Memorials of the Society of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts. By Francis 
S. Drake. Boston: Printed for the Society, 1873. [8vo. pp. 5G5.] 

In the Register for July, 1872, we noticed Mr. Drake's pamphlet on the Massa- 
chusetts Soeiety of the Cincinnati, and announced the Memorial Volume which he 
had engaged to prepare. That volume has been issued and is now before us. It 
contains a history of the General Society of the Cincinnati, the parent of the several 
state societies ; the annals of the Massachusetts society, drawn largely from the 
records of the society and other original documents ; a memoir of Gen. Henry 
Knox, the founder of the order ; and biographical sketches, alphabetically arranged, 
of the officers and members of the Massachusetts society, from its organization to 
the present time. 

In the preparation of the history of tho Cincinnati and of the memoir of Gen. 
Knox, Mr. Drake has been fortunate in having the use of the extensive manuscript 
correspondence and other papers of Gen. Knox, which have since been presented by 



& 



106 Boole-Notices. [Jan. 

his grandson, Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, to the New-England Historic, Genea- 
logical Society. This hitherto unused material has been, of great service to him in 
clearing up many doubtful points in history, and enabling him to show, in their true 
proportions, the character, the talents and the public services of one of the ablest 
and clearest-sighted patriots of the period of the revolution and the formation of 
our government. 

The biographical sketches are models of clearness and comprehensiveness. By 
the aid of the genealogical collections of this society, the matter furnished by 
families, and his researches in the archives of the state and elsewhere, he has been 
able to compile satisfactory accounts of most of the members of the society, and in 
many cases to carry their ancestry back to the first settlers of New-England. 

Mr. Drake's thorough and minute knowledge of the history of the revolutionary 
war and the lives of the actors therein, in which he has few equals, has enabled 
him to produce a model volume ; one that will be sought for, not only by every 
member of the order throughout the union, but by every American interested in the 
history of his country. 

The book is issued in the best style of typography, and does credit to the press of 
John Wilson & Son, of Cambridge, who are famous for beautiful printing, lielio- 
type fac-similes of the autograph signatures of the original members of the Massa- 
chusetts society to its constitution, and of Gen. Knox's rough draft of the plan of 
the society and its branches, besides twenty-two steel and photographic portraits of 
members, and other illustrations, are given. Several of the portraits arc engraved 
expressly for this work ; among them may be named one of Gen. Knox, himself, 
from a rare print by Savage, and another of his intimate friend. Major Henry 
Jackson, the able treasurer of the society for the first twenty-six years of its 
existence, copied from an oil painting in the possession of the society. j. w. d. 

Sir William Alexander and American Colonization. Including three Royal 
Charters : a Tract on Colonization ; a Patent of the County of Canada and 
of Long Island ; and the Roll of Knights Baronets, of New Scotland ; 
with Annotations and a Memoir by the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M. 
Boston : Published by the Prince Society. 1873. [Quarto, pp. 290.] 

This is the latest issue of the Prince Society, and its fifth publication. It is a 
handsomely printed volume of nearly three hundred pages, uniform in size and style 
with the other publications of this Society, and illustrated with engravings and an 
antique map. 

Sir William Alexander, the first Earl of Stirling, is one of that small number of 
heroic men who achieved both tame and glory by their enterprises in planting Brit- 
ish colonies in America during the continuance of the first two Stuart kings on the 
English throne. He was a Scotchman of ancient family, and gentle lineage, born 
and bred in Scotland, but passed into England with his sovereign, King James, and 
spent most of his days in that country. He is conspicuous for being the first of his 
nation who undertook to plant a Seoteh colony in America. 

Although a nobleman of high rank, a secretary of state for Scotland, much em- 
ployed in affairs of great public concern, a poet and a prose writer of eminence, his 
most considerable title to fame, especially on this side of the Atlantic, rests in his 
designs and his efforts in the field of American colonization. New-Scotland, a name 
bestowed by him, in 1621, on a vast territory in America, fronting on the Atlantic 
Ocean, comprising the whole of the present Nova-Scotia, New-Brunswick and a 
large tract lying south of the St. Lawrence in Canada, with all the adjacent islands, 
granted to him by his sovereign, in the outset of his enterprise, is a monument 
to his name and memory. What he did toward colonizing and settling his 
countrymen on this territory forms a subject of interesting historical inquiry, 
one that has hitherto been but lightly touched by historical writers. After reading 
this compactly written, but byno means small volume, showing how much treasure, 
thought and time, Sir William Alexander devoted to the subject, we are astonished 
and puzzled to account for the fact, that in all the notices of him in the biographical^ 
dictionaries, his connection with colonization is scarcely more than referred to, if 
not entirely overlooked. 

We have before us, and in the compass of a single volume, for the first time, all the 
royal charters granting him lands and civil jurisdiction in America, a roll of the 
knights baronets of New-Scotland, an order established by him for the advancement 
of Scottish colonization, a treatise entitled " An Encouragement to Colonies," with 



1874.] Book-MticJs. 107 

an elaborate and critical memoir of Sir William by the Rev. Mr. Slafter, the editor 
of this volume. 

We must pause to express our hearty approval of this method of collecting toge- 
ther and printing in a monograph, an author's writings, or a collection of documents 
or treatises germane to a given subject. This collection admirably illustrates the va- 
lue ol the method. Hitherto the historical student has been compelled to look into half- 
a-dozen or more separate publications, some of which are not to be obtained in this 
country, to find what is here contained in a single volume. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, 
Capt. John Mason, and others concerned in American colonization, deserve similar 
treatment. 

The royal charters contained in this volume were originally issued in Latin, but 
the editor has very wisely given them here in English, and thus rendered them ac- 
cessible to multitudes of readers to whom they would otherwise have been wholly 
beyond reach. The charter of 1621 is translated by the Rev. Carlos Slafter, of Ded- 
ham, whose critical knowledge of the language is an ample warrant that the work 
has been accurately and skilfully done. The other two, of 1625, and 1628, are 
taken from a translation privately printed in Edinburgh in 1636, long since out of 

frint and of which copies are exceedingly rare. The original of the patent of Long 
sland and a part of Maine, from the Council for New-England, was in English, and 
has never before been published except by the Bannatyne Club in a very small edi- 
tion of about 100 copies, and which is difficult of access to most scholars, especially 
on this side of the Atlantic. The introduction of all the charters in their present 
form is a valuable feature of this work. 

Mr. Slafter has made a comprehensive sketch of the life and labors of Sir William 
Alexander, expounding very fully that relating to American colonization, especially 
interesting to us. A great deal of historical research and critical examination of 
authorities is manifest in this part of the memoir. The reader will find pervading 
the other parts, the same spirit of careful investigation, although they are subordi- 
nate to the main inquiry. The memoir is exceedingly well written, and the text is 
richly illustrated with pertinent foot-notes, and with precise and full reference to 
authorities, a circumstance that historical students will appreciate, and one that 
the spirit and method of historical study at the present day absolutely requires. The 
editor appears to have adopted the rule of accepting as authorities the statements only 
of early and contemporaneous writers. This is a most wise and judicious rule. The 
neglect of it has led to the introduction of many gross historical errors into history. 
The unsupported testimony of a writer to an event which occurred one or two 
hundred years before his time, is, in our judgment, utterly worthless. We are 
glad to find in this volume an example of the contrary practice. 

The author, by way of introduction to Sir William Alexander's labors in American 
colonization, briefly sketches the various attempts made by European nations to 
plant colonies in America, north of the Gulf of Mexico, from the time of the Cabots 
down to that of Alexander in 1621. The reader will be surprised to find how much 
was undertaken, and how little, comparatively, was accomplished in this period of 
time. The magnitude, the novelty, and the difficulty of such an undertaking can 
hardly be appreciated by us. The attempt, for a long time, baffled alike princely 
and private wisdom and wealth. 

The author presents in a clear light the aspect of American colonization when Sir 
William entered the field, near the close of the reign of King James. For a period 
of twenty years he was engrossed with this enterprise, moved to it by a desire to 
see his countrymen permanently established in America. The desire of his heart, 
and the object of his ambition, were to establish a New-Scotland in the American 
wilderness. "I shew them," he says, "that my Countrimen would never adven- 
ture in such an Enterprise, unless it were as there was a New France, a New Spain, 
and a New England, that they might likewise have a New Scotland, and that for 
that effect they might have bounds with a correspondence in proportion (as others 
had) with the Country whereof it should beare the name which they might hold of 
their owne Crowne, and where they might be governed by their own lawes." In 
zeal and energy he was untiring down to the last, and his sacrifices and his labors 
deserved a more ample reward. 

In the course of the editor's labors he has succeeded in pointing out several errors, 
current in our general histories, relative to Alexander. One, touching his patent 
of New-Scotland, is of very great historical interest. It has been repeatedly as- 
serted by historical writers that, by the terms of the treaty of St. Germain en Laye 
of 1632, the whole of Sir AVilliam's grant, under the title of New-Scotland, was 



108 Boole-Notices. [Jan. 

transferred to the French. Mr. Slafter shows very conclusively that this was not 
the fact ; that the treaty went only so far as to restore places, persons and things, 
affected by the war, to the same status they were in before the war began, and that 
this was, in fact, the extent of its intended operation, 

Another considerable error, and one that could hardly fail to bring reproach upon 
Sir William, a man of honor and integrity, lies in the repeated assertion, that, in 
1G30, he sold out for a consideration all his interest in his patent to the French, and 
abandoned his purpose of American colonization. The editor shows, beyond all 
peradventure, by an irresistible array of facts, that this is not true ; that he only 
parted with a very small tract of the vast territory comprised in his grant from the 
king, to two French gentlemen who bound themselves to hold the same, with fealty 
to the king of Scotland. He had no design, by this act, of abandoning his patent 
of New-Scotland or of relinquishing his plan of colonization in America. Nor had 
he any design to transfer his grant to the dominion of the French nation. 

Sir William Alexander labored under the same difficulties that Ralegh, Gorges, 
Mason and others did, in their efforts to plant colonies in America. They were gentle- 
men bred to pursuits widely different from the rough and hardy experience required 
in such an undertaking, three thousand miles from home. Englishmen and Scotch- 
men were not to be found ready to quit the comforts of home and of civilization, and 
plunge into the American wilderness to find a new home and to search for subsis- 
tence, for themselves and their families, no matter what reward was offered them. 
It is amazing that the courage and the interest of these heroic and enterprising men 
never failed them, although their designs did, to a great extent. They died, looking 
to America for all the great worldly interests they were to leave behind them. It is 
to their honor and to their glory that they were the first to introduce the British 
race into America, — a race which has since grown to such vast proportions, and is 
destined to remain possessors of the soil down to the latest period of time. 

The volume whose rich contents we have but inadequately described, is a valuable 
contribution to our historical literature, and the scholar will rise from its perusal 
gratified that another interesting and important chapter has been added to our early 
American history. c. w. tuttle. 

Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia : Printed 
by J. B. Lippincott & Co. for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
and sold by John Pennington & Son. Vol. ix. 1870. [8vo. pp. 380] ; 
vol. x. 1872. [8vo. pp. 449.] 

The last two volumes of the memoirs of the above named society bear also the 
title : " Correspondence between William Penn and James Logan, Secretary of the 
Frovince of Pennsylvania, and others. 1700-1750. From the Original Letters in 
the Possession of the Logan Family. With Notes by the late Mrs. Deborah Logan. 
Edited with Additional Notes by Edward Armstrong, M. A.," &c. The value of 
this correspondence, which contains " a clearer and more copious description of the 
state of public affairs, during the period in which they were written, than is to be 
found in any other existing documents," has long been known; and, in fact, the 
printing of liberal extracts was commenced thirty years ago, by Alfred Cope, in the 
Philadelphia " Friend," under the title of " Proprietary Correspondence," 
beginning in July, 1842, and ending in April, 1840 ; but the present is the first attempt 
to print the whole correspondence. During the revolutionary war these documents 
narrowly escaped being destroyed, as the house in which they were kept was ordered 
to be burnt, but was preserved in a singular manner. 

The first of the volumes before us contains: 1. The Penn Family, by John Jay 
Smith ; 2. Memoir of Mrs. Deborah Logan, by Isaac Norris; 3. Memoir of James 
Logan, by Mrs. Deborah Logan ; 4. Introductory Remarks to the Correspondence, 
by Airs. Deborah Logan ; 5. The Penn and Logan Correspondence from 1700 to 
1705. The other volume is devoted entirely to the Correspondence, which is brought 
down to the year 1711. These volumes will be followed by others till the wdiole 
correspondence is printed. 

Mrs. Logan, who has been called " The Female Historian of Pennsylvania," was 
a most remarkable woman, and was perfectly familiar with the colonial history of 
that state. Her annotations and those of Mr. Armstrong are judicious, and add 
much to the value of the work. 

These two volumes are the sixth and seventh issued by the trustees of the publi- 
cation fund of the society. This fund was established Feb. 13, 1854, ana now 



1874.] 



Book-Notices. 109 



amounts to eighteen thousand dollars. By its terms, any person who pays twenty- 
five dollars becomes entitled to receive all the publications of the society during his 
life, and any library for the term of twenty years. The first volume issued by the 
trustees was the History of Braddock's Expedition, by Winthrop Sargent, which 
formed vol. v. of the Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

The works are beautifully printed on line white paper, and the last volume is 
embellished with a portrait of James Logan. j. w. d. 

Historic Fields and Mansions of Middlesex. By Samuel Adams Drake. 
Illustrated. 

" We take no note of time 
But from its loss. To give it then a touguo 
Is wise in man." 

Boston: J. R. Osgood and Company. 1874. [12mo. pp. xiv. and 442.] 

The Old Landmarks and Historic Personages of Boston, by the same author, 
nnd issued from the same press, in 1872, was and continues to be received by 
the public, not of Boston alone, with great and deserved favor. In our notice of 
that book, based as it was upon a necessarily hurried examination, we failed probably 
to take into sufficient account how much of it would be new to the present in- 
habitants of Boston. It contains much that had never before been printed. 

The intrinsic merits of that work, and the renewed interest which it awakened 
in the history of Boston, have sharpened the public appetite for another book of a 
similar character from the same author. Interesting as is the former, the latter, 
whose title stands at the head of this notice, will be found, we feel assured, still more 
interesting. The author does not attempt what is technically styled a county 
history, nor does he observe the strictly chronological order of events. The book is 
rather a series of colloquial discourses, about the places and the houses in old 
Middlesex, which have been made most interesting or memorable by reason of the 
events and persons whose history is associated with them, in past as well as present 
time. 

Arm in arm with the writer as our companion, we go to Charles River, cross the 
bridges, and listen to their history and that of the ferries that preceded them ; 
spend a delightful day in Charlestown, recalling what is most salient and interesting 
in its history, whether it be the navy-yard, Bunker Hill, the monument, the old con- 
tinental trenches, or the men and women, whose deeds and lives, either in whole 
or in part, were connected therewith. We spend an hour about the old wayside 
mill in Somerville, which long served as a powder-house, and this leads to conver- 
sation about Gen. Gage and what he did with the powder, and what Gen. Wash- 
ington did not do for the want of it. Then we come to the Royall and other plan- 
tations at Mystic side, and make the acquaintance of their first and later occupants, 
among whom were Stark, Lee, and Sullivan. Corning back, we traverse the old 
Charlestown road, and visit Lechmere's Point, and Putnam's head-quarters. In this 
connection Ave continue the history of the siege of Boston, and study its topo- 
graphy on the ground, so that we cannot fail to understand it clearly. Then we 
pass to Cambridge, and there in its University and old houses, in its old camps and 
historic events, and in its characters, dead and living, we have ample topics for the 
most interesting conversations. We do not hasten away from Mt. Auburn, for 
even there, in spite of the yet dominant conspiracy between the owners and workers 
of granite quarries against sound taste, we still find sermons in stones. We next 
take a look at Nonantum Hill, and then coming back to Lechmere's Point we start 
for Lexington and Concord, on foot of course and on a bright morning, like the men 
who helped to make the route famous in story and in song ; but we do not return as 
rapidly as they did, for after we have discussed the lights, the victors and the van- 
quished, we linger to talk with Rumford and Thoreau, with Hawthorne, Alcott 
and Emerson. 

In his rambles the author has told us not only what is recorded in the pages of 
history, but, rejecting gossip and idle fancies, whatever he could find in letters, 
diaries and biographies, published and unpublished, or gather from the oldest and 
most intelligent people. And hence the book contains much veritable history that 
has never before found its way into print. 

The volume is profusely and expensively illustrated with engravings, and pictures 
in heliotype ; there being thirty-eight of the former and twenty-one of the latter. In 
addition to this it has an index, and is enriched as well as adorned with a rare map 
VOL. xxviii. 10 



110 Book-Notices. [Jan. 

of colonial Boston and its environs as they appeared a century ago. The publishers 
have given the book a very inviting dress. 

The book will both entertain and instruct its readers, and we believe it will hold 
a permanent place in the historical literature of Massachusetts. It might be used 
with advantage as a reading-book in the schools, and so the children would learn by 
heart the remarkable story of one of the most interesting sections of the state ; for, 
interesting and even romantic, in many respects, as is the history of Boston ; as full 
as it is of the thoughts, words, and deeds of noble and ignoble, strong and weak, 
wise, foolish, and queer people, of whom it has always had its full share; 
crowded as are its annals with incidents which no lapse of time can render stale ; 
yet, — when we come to read in a collected form about the historic places, scenes and 
events that made them memorable ; about the old houses and the people who lived 
in them ; about the noted men and women who, born and reared in old Middlesex, 
have contributed by their work at home and abroad, on the land and on the sea, in 
arms, science, art and literature, in things temporal and things spiritual, to the 
welfare of mankind, — we confess that the history of this old county transcends in 
interest that of any other part of New-England, as much as that landscape which 
may be seen on a clear day from the top of Cory's Hill surpasses in beauty all other 
landscapes in New-England; its cities and villages, hills and valleys, parks and 
plains, rivers and lakes, bays and inlets, — Nature and Art, — uniting to form a 
scene of enchanting loveliness. a. h. iioyt. 

A History of Bristol and Bremen in the State of Maine, including the 
Pemaquid Settlement. By John Johnston, LL.D., a Native of Bris- 
tol, and Professor-Emeritus of Natural Science in the Wesleyan Univer- 
sity, Middletown, Conn., and Cor. Mem. of the Maine Historical Society. 
Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell. 1873. [8vo. pp. viii. and 524.] 

No one, though having only a general acquaintance with the history of American 
colonization, needs to be told that one of the very first attempts at a permanent 
settlement by Europeans on this continent took place at Pemaquid, or on the shores 
of Pemaquid Harbor, in the present town of Bristol, co. Lincoln, Maine. Nor 
does he need to be reminded that for more than one hundred and twenty years this 
settlement was the most important in a military and, to some extent, in a commer- 
cial sense, of any on the coast of Maine. Down to the final capture of Louisburg, 
the brave hearts and stout arms of its comparatively few inhabitants, sheltered 
or protected by its forts, maintained this outpost-sentinel and defence of the English 
in New-England against the almost incessant warfare of the eastern Indians, and 
against the open or secret machinations of the French. 

The history of this settlement, if we consider it in a commercial aspect alone, 
fills no inconsiderable space ; but if we look at it in its most important, that is, in 
its military aspect, it is of so much consequence that the history of New-England 
could not be adequately represented or understood, if it were not taken into the 
account. It is, indeed, probable that, but for this fortified settlement, which was 
maintained at great cost of blood and treasure, the French would have occupied 
and held all east of the Kennebec river, and that the territory lying between that 
river and the tSt. Croix would to-day be foreign soil. 

Moreover, the history of Pemaquid and the contiguous country is so related to 
and interwoven with the early history of the whole north Atlantic coast, that the 
latter must also be taken into consideration. Hence, although the title of this book 
describes it as a local history, it is much more than that. To have merely chronicled 
the events that happened in Bristol and Bremen, and described the actors, would 
not have been a very difficult or laborious task ; but " to show the real importance 
and significance of these transactions, required a wider range of view, and an ex- 
amination of their relations to events simultaneously transpiring in other places on 
the coast, and even in Europe." 

In prosecuting this examination and tracing these relations Dr. Johnston has had 
occasion to treat more or less at length of many mooted questions, especially such 
as are intimately connected with the early history of Maine. His conclusions in 
general are such, we think, as the latest discoveries and best authorities substantiate. 
But the author has not contented himself with simply rehearsing what others have 
previously written, or with compiling and digesting materials and facts heretofore 
published in separate forms, but he has examined everything for himself, and he 
treats his subjects in a critical and thorough manner, as might have been expected 



1874.] 



Deaths, 



111 



from one who has devoted his life with eminent success to scientific studies and 
labors. An example of this critical and thorough work will be found in his discus- 
sion of the important and vexed question about Capt. George Weymouth's voyage 
to the coast of Maine in 1005, made ostensibly in quest of a north-west passage, but 
really, in the interest of the government, to anticipate the French in making dis- 
coveries on the American continent. 

To the people of Bristol and Bremen especially, and scarcely in a less degree to 
the people of Maine generally, this volume must be a work of great interest and 
value. It is an able, honest, thorough, and modest history, and, in most respects, 
is one of the best of its class on our shelves. It was published by subscription, and 
probably a new and revised edition will be called for. We hope that every native of 
Maine will make an effort to secure a copy of it. It will do them and their chil- 
dren no harm to read and study it : it will do them more good than newspapers and 
novels. Why is it that the mass of the people are so little interested in local and 
general history? Is this want of interest evidence of degeneracy, or penuriousness, 
or is it owing to lack of information as to what to read, or where to procure his- 
torical books ? Whatever the reason maybe, the fact is as true as it is lamentable. 

Dr. Johnston's history is furnished with a map, with seven portraits, including 
one of the author, which is painfully inadequate as a picture; and one of Com. 
Tucker, of our revolutionary war navy. A good index supplements the volume. 

A. II. H. 



DEATHS. 



Meade, Major-Gen. George Gordon, in 
Philadelphia, Nov. 6, 1872. He was 
born in Cadiz, Spain, in December, 
1815, while his lather, Richard W, 
Meade, was serving as U. S. consul and 
navy-agent at that place. After his re- 
turn to this country he attended a school 
iu Georgetown, I). C, kept by the late- 
ly deceased chief-justice of the United 
States, the Hon. Salmon P. Chase. 
He graduated from the military academy 
in 1835; commissioned 2d lieutenant in 
3d art'y, and served in the Seminole war ; 
resigned in 1836, and in 1837-8 was en- 
gaged in the service of the government 
in surveying the Mississippi Delta, the 
Texas boundary, and the north-eastern 
boundary of the United States ; in 1812, 
became 2d lieutenant in the corps of 
U. S. topographical engineers ; served 
with Gen. Taylor in the Mexican Avar ; 
in 185G became a captain in the to- 
pographical engineer corps ; in Aug., 
1861, commissioned brigadier-general of 
volunteers and placed in command of the 
Pennsylvania volunteers ; commanded a 
corps in the battle of Antietam ; in 
Nov., 1862, commissioned major-gene- 
ral of volunteers ; in May, 1863, assign- 
ed to the command of the army of the 
Potomac ; in that year he gained a vic- 
tory over Gen. Lee in the celebrated 
battle of Gettysburg; alter April, 1864, 
continued in command of the army of the 
Potomac, under Gen. Grant, till the 



close of the war ; after the close of the 
war, in command of the military division 
of the Atlantic, having his head-quar- 
ters in Philadelphia, except about two 
years when he administered civil and 
military affairs under the "reconstruc- 
tion acts," in South Carolina, Georgia 
and Florida. 

Gen. Meade was an able, faithful and 
brave officer, and a soldier of approved 
and growing capacity. His funeral ob- 
sequies were celebrated with unusual 
pomp, and were attended by the chief 
civil and military officers of the govern- 
ment and by many prominent citizens 
from all parts of the country. 

Gen. Meade received the honorary 
degree of doctor of laws from Harvard 
University in 1865. 

Reed. — The Hon. Charles Reed died in 
Montpelier, Vt., March 7, 1873. He 
was born in Thetford, Vt., Nov. 24, 
1814. His early youth was passed in 
the place of his nativity, where his father, 
the Hon. Joseph Reed, resided anterior 
to his removal to Montpelier in 1827. 
He entered Dartmouth College in 1831, 
and graduated in 1835. He became a 
member of Harvard University in the 
department of law, and graduated in 
1839. He formed a partnership with 
Horace W. Heaton, Esq., and under the 
firm of Heaton and Reed, practised his 
profession in Montpelier more than 



112 



Deaths. 



[Jan, 



thirty-three years with eminent suc- 
cess. 

As a lawyer, he was among the ablest 
in the state. He was gifted by nature 
with a legal mind, clear, logical and 
comprehensive. In court, he stated the 
law and the facts in his case with ex- 
traordinary clearness, and appealed to 
the judgment and understanding, rarely 
to the emotions, and never to the pre- 
judices of those whom he addressed. 

He was an early advocate of the lie- 
form School in Vermont, and on its 
establishment he was elected one of its 
trustees, and his influence was largely 
felt in its entire administration, and in 
rendering it at once efficient and an 
honor to the state. 

As a citizen, in the parish to which he 
belonged, in all local matters that tended 
to the public welfare, he was active and 
uncompromising in giving to them a 
hearty and courageous support. 

He was prominent in the Vermont 
Historical Society for many years. He 
was its librarian, and an efficient mem- 
ber of the publishing committee, com- 
posed of Governor Hall, the Hon. E. P. 
Walton and himself, under whose super- 
vision were issued its first two volumes 
of collections, in matter and form so 
highly creditable to that society. He 
was likewise librarian of the state-library 
for fifteen years, and the large and 
valuable additions which he secured for 
this as well as for that of the Historical 
Society, will be a lasting monument to 
his judgment, industry and taste. Four 
days before his death, he addressed an 
p ' ") usually long letter to the writer, full 
Oi enthusiastic historical interest, set- 
ting forth some of his plans for its ad- 
vancement in his native state. 



Mr. Peed was never an aspirant for 
office ; it was not in his nature to be so. 
He, however, served as a representative 
in the legislature, and was likewise a 
member of the state senate. Those who 
knew him well, believed that he pos- 
sessed qualities that would adorn the 
bench of the supreme court, and they 
not only hoped, but expected that he 
would, at no distant day, be elevated to 
that important post. 

Mr. Peed died suddenly of pleuro- 
pneumonia, resulting from a cold con- 
tracted while making historical investi- 
gations in the library not sufficiently 
warmed, increased by a day of exposure 
in attending to public business, only 
three days before his decease. 

We are gratified to know that a dis- 
course is to be delivered before the His- 
torical Society of Vermont, as a memorial 
•of his services and character. 

Edmund F. Slafter. 

Thompson, John R., in the city of New- 
York, April 30, 1873. He was born in 
Pichmond, Va., Oct. 23, 1823, and was a 
graduate of the University of Virginia. 
He read law in the office of the Hon. 
James A. Seddon, and at the university, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1845. 
In 1847 he became editor of the South- 
ern Literary Messenger, and continued 
in that position many years. Pesides 
his contributions to that work, he de- 
livered several addresses at colleges, and 
lectures before societies. While in Eng- 
land, during the late war, he contributed 
to the Index, and Morning Herald, and 
to Plackwood and other magazines. 
Recently he was literary editor of the 
New-York Evening Post. 




£ s??<u. 



^<r^^ 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 



Alrert H. Hoyt, 
John Ward Dean, 
William B. Towne, 



Gr.o. Hrnhy Preble, 
Lvcics It. Paige, 
i Harry II. EuhS. 



I. 
II. 
III. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 

IX. 
X. 

XI. 

XII. 

XIII. 

xiv. 

XV. 



CONTENTS -APRIL, 1874. 

V Portrait of the Hon* EDMUND PITT TILESTON (To >£«*» 113 J 

MEMOIR OF THE HON — ^^^5 EsO.\ 

Boston gSS^'SSSftSt „ 1621. 'By the A* & B. Jta*. 3U 
Prebendary of Lincoln and Vicar of Boston ; ^ • • • 

]^^^^«Li.;N.iL fcWiWj By the Hon. SaW T. 
AncSwSls: Will ofSoiomon Grant. By the Hon. B«X. RM. 
Mar^oeI S^^S&f 5W ftU N. H.; from 1707 .1787! 

f^^^ -ee, 

Anne. By Jo/m J. Lotting % Esq. . 

Transfer of Erin. By the Hon. Thomm C : *nwry . . • • 
Early Bells of Massachusetts. By ElbndpeH Goss, Esq. . . ; 
The Daniell Family. By Moses Grant Daniel AM . . . 

JJcbard * 



XVI. Notes and Queries 



^ffitfa^ «S*3£ a" 



113 

117 

120 
125 

140 

140 

153 

155 
158 

161 
163 
176 

185 

194 

198 



GVey-Hound Tavern In lloxlmry ; |lo2) ; ^^^Z^^S £ 
mas Cooper, Thomas and Aragauwxuwj, , V, ronii- William 
ters (200); Paul Spooner, The Bennetts ot Beverly, Mass (20 »2j W«l»m 

Burnham (' ) Historic, Genealogical Society : 
XVII. ^^^J^I^ b ^' BV q^^^S^ Linsley Hoburt, Joseph 
?r UU ^ » n AmlS PI e p °Thomas Temple Hockwood, Oliver May- 
he ST WWpple, NaSiel wSiting, Charles Stephen Lynch, Thomas Rich- 
ardson, Joseph Lyman Henshaw .... 
XV m. S»«™-;S,^S5, . Rhode-Island Historical , American 
Antiquarian * 

? y ?^ffln!&T New-York Genealogical and Biographica Record, 

XX. Marriages and Deaths 

The plan and scope of the Register are set forth on thehstpage of the 



207-213 
214-222 



222-231 
231-232 

cover. 



7, ^ , TT ,.o -Rhnnpyer W Peirce has in press a work soon to appear under the title 

Old Colony ^^WmIoS^W Historical, containing genealogies of Barnaby, 
of-Contributions Biographical, ™^["£ Godfrey Harlow, Hoskins, Howland, Macombcr, 

£»to subscribers in a danU^Wn^at hve dollars pe-opy.^ ^^ ^^ MaM# 

-r, , ,.n^rri nf thp Corliss Family, of the United States, is in course of prepara- 

^T^r^ r s:^^u :j^«ia£^saf" of w,y facts 8U,,ubl l 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1874, 



MEMOIR OF THE HON. EDMUND P. TILESTON. 

By Edward Holden, Esq., of Boston. 

EDMUND PITT TILESTON, eon of Edmund and Ann (Minns) 
Tilcston, was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, August 11, 
1805. Of the original Massachusetts stock, his genealogical record 
opens with the name of Thomas Tileston, which appears on the 
town records so early as 1637. His descent from Thomas 1 was 
through Timothy, 2 Timothy,' Timothy, 4 Ezckiel,* Ezckiel, 6 and Ed- 
mund, 7 his father. William Minns, the maternal grandfather of our 
subject, was born in Great Yarmouth, England, in the year 1728. 

Of the youth of Mr. Tileston, it is remembered that he was nota- 
bly fond of reading. Though naturally of an active temperament, he 
would frequently forsake the play-ground to search for and study the 
books, pamphlets and papers which formed a portion of the stock 
of his father's paper-mills. The love of study, thus early exhibited 
and industriously followed to his later years, often met a serious im- 
pediment in an inflammatory affection of the eyes, which at times 
compelled their entire disuse. 

In early youth Mr. Tileston attended the common school of Dor- 
chester, and subsequently received instruction at Milton Academy, 
under the preceptorship of Mr. William Fox and of the Rev. 
Warren Pierce. In 1820 he became a pupil of the Rev. Joseph 
Allen, D.D., of Northborough, and remained under his instruc- 
tion for the two following years, closing his public studies at the 
Academy in Lancaster. He then returned to Dorchester, and en- 
tered the mill which he afterward so successfully carried on. 

In the year 1825 Mr. Tileston was married to Sarah McLean 
Boies, daughter of John Boies of Dorchester. The death of Mrs. 
Tileston occurred in Feb. 1840. They had seven children, namely : 
Ann Sarah, Edmund, died 1845, Franklin Lowell, Sophia Minns,. 
John Boies, Thomas, died 1837, and Grace, died 1841. 

vol. xxix. 11 



114 The Hon. Edmund P. Tileston. [April, 

In July, 1843, he married Helen Franklin Cummins, daughter of 
the Hon. David Cummins, then one of the justices of the court of 
common pleas ; and sister of Miss Maria S. Cummins, author of the 
Lamplighter, and other works. The three children, the issue of this 
union (Grace Florence and Katharine Cummins), are now living. 

In the year 1831, he became a member of .the firm of Tileston 
and Hollings worth, paper manufacturers, which firm was established 
in 1801. x In 1835, after the decease of the elder Tileston, and on 
the withdrawal of the elder Hollings worth, the subject of this sketch 
became the head of the firm, enlarging and facilitating the operations 
of the manufactory and largely augmenting and extending the busi- 
ness connected therewith. Mr. Tileston was a member of the well- 
known publishing house of Brewer and Tileston, of which, as well 
as of the firm of Tileston and Hollings worth, he was a partner until 
the close of his life. 

In politics he was a whig, in which party he held a prominent 
position during the existence of that political organization ; laboring 
with equal zeal and discretion in the campaigns preceding the elec- 
tion of Harrison and of Taylor. He was a member of the execu- 
tive council of Massachusetts in the years 1846 and 1847, 
George Nixon Briggs then being governor. He was also a delegate 
to the convention held in 1853 for the revision of the state con- 
stitution. 

Mr. Tileston died at his residence in " Dorchester " on the sev- 
enth day of June, 1873, at the age of 67 years, 9 months and 
27 days. On the tenth day of the same month, a large assembly, 
from every walk of life, congregated at his late residence to testify 
their respect and affection for him whom they had so long known and 
loved, and followed his hearse with sorrowful hearts to the quiet 
shades of Forest Hills, within which consecrated cemetery he had 
long before chosen his final earthly resting-place ; a spot of rare 
beauty, the brow of a graceful hillock, disclosing the broad At- 
lantic on the cast, the metropolis on the north, the varied scenery on 
the west, and the historical Blue Hills at the south. It was fitting 
that this lover of nature and of man should seek and adopt so lovely 
a mortuary couch. May his rest be sweet I 

As a man of business, Mr. Tileston was systematic, prompt and 
effective. His powers of perception were at once comprehensive and 
minute, — qualities always deemed indispensable for immergent com- 
mand. His expressive presence bespoke instant confidence, and 
although he but seldom " exercised the gift" of speech before large 
assemblies, yet his words were "with power." Self-control and 
gentleness were constant and conspicuous traits in his character ; yet 
no just call for stern manliness ever found in him an apologist for 
presumption, injustice or disloyalty. 

1 For a history of the paper mills in Dorchester and Milton, sec Uiitory of Dorchester, 
pp. 603-7, undGll-f?. 



1874.] The Hon. EdmuncWF. Tlleston. 115 

As illustrative of his unostentatious beneficence, it may be proper 
to note that he was often seen to visit the fruit-stands of poor women, 
whose exposure to the blasts of winter called forth his hearty sympa- 
thies in gifts for their relief, advising them at the same time to return 
to their homes. On one occasion his humane feelings would not be 
satisfied till he had shielded an unfortunate by placing his shawl upon 
her shoulders ; and this without affording to any of his acquaintances 
the slightest intimation of his charitable ministration. 

Again, a woman seeks relief for her suffering family. Our friend 
meets the husband, whom he finds to be thriftless and improvident. 
He is aided, and instructed as to his duty, and promises an industri- 
ous and frugal life thereafter. A year or two later, the once thrift- 
less man makes application for our friend's advice as to the invest- 
ment of a thousand dollars. 

Among the various forms of unpretending benevolence, adopted 
many years ago by Mr. Tileston, was the secret appointment of a 
confidential friend as his almoner to the poor of the neighborhood. 
These people, if worthy, were made happy by the weekly supply of 
such substantial aid as their needs required ; the charge thereof being 
frequently and promptly met by Mr. Tileston, who enjoined the ut- 
most secresy as to the source whence the aid was derived. This 
good work was constantly maintained by him until the close of his life. 

It is not too much to say that he made the relief of the poor an 
integral and indispensable part of his recreation. He was noted for 
seeking and relieving distress while travelling or visiting distant 
localities. Indeed, he seemed literally to follow his Divine Master, 
in "going about doing good." 

The active interest of our subject in the labors and in the success 
of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society, over which he 
so long presided, claims a passing recognition, at least, on this occa- 
sion. To say that it was truly characteristic of his intellect and his 
heart, will call forth the spontaneous and cordial response of all who 
were so fortunate as to know the power of the judgment, the energy, 
the generosity and the sympathies of his noble manhood. As has 
been well said of a distinguished son of Dorchester, — " the profound 
scholar, the eloquent orator," — none could fully know him, who 
had not sat with him in the council chamber of Massachusetts ; so 
may Mr. Tileston's associates freely aver, that he who has not wit- 
nessed and felt the benign influences of the fraternal fellowship of 
their late president, must acknowledge his utter inability to discover 
the hidings of a power whose effects are known and acknowledged 
of all men. 

At the death of Mr. Tileston, the voice of the people, regarding 
his life in its varied walks, found utterance in no equivocal terms 
through the pages of the daily press and in conversation. The 
records of various institutions with which he was connected, will 
perpetuate his memory. 



116 The Hon. Edmund P. Tileston. [April, 

At a special meeting of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical 
Society, held at Forest Hills, June 10, 1873, Edmund J. Baker, 
senior curator, presiding, the following resolutions, submitted by a 
special committee, were adopted by an unanimous vote : 

Assembled at the grave of our revered friend, the- Honorable Edmund 
Pitt Tileston, to pay the last sad offices of respect to his memory, we cannot 
permit the sacred occasion to pass without recording the profound senti- 
ments of our hearts, touching the character and life of him whose loss we 
most deeply deplore, and in whom we recognize rare genius, heightened by 
a comprehensive knowledge of letters and of the world, and whose courtly 
and well merited title was vitalized by a character which made his name the 
synonyme of probity, — therefore 

Resolved, That we contemplate with reverent admiration and gratitude 
his wise councils, his large bounties and his devoted labors for the promotion 
of the success, not only of the society here assembled, whose chair he has 
so wisely and gracefully occupied during the thirty years of its humble 
career, but in like manner for his countenance and active cooperation in 
the promotion of education, religion and charity, wherein discreet secresy 
and delicate grace permitted not the left hand to know the largess of the 
right. 

Resolved, That in the beneficent life of our lamented associate, we recog- 
nize the patriotic citizen, the generous neighbor, the kind friend, the genial 
companion, the humble Christian. 

Resolved, That we tender to the family of our deceased president the 
assurance of our deepest sympathies in their irreparable loss. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon the records of this soci- 
ety, and that an attested copy thereof be transmitted to the family of the 
deceased. 

The present sketch cannot well be closed without a brief notice of 
the Historical Society heretofore named, and of the connection of 
our subject therewith. 

On the 27th of January, 1843, several citizens of Dorchester, 
contemplating the duty of collecting materials for the record and pub- 
lication of an authentic history of the town, as well as for the founda- 
tion of a historical library, assembled upon previous notice, at the 
house of one of the associates, Ebenezer Clapp, Esq., in Sumner 
street, to deliberate upon a plan of organization and a programme of 
labor. Of this undertaking Mr. Tileston was among the earliest 
counsellors and supporters. 

The unity of sentiment and the enthusiasm of interest apparent 
upon the discussion at the primary meeting above named, resulted in 
the adoption of a constitution at that meeting, establishing the Dor- 
chester Antiquarian and Historical Society. The requisite officers 
were thereupon elected, — the office of President being conferred 
upon Mr. Tileston by an unanimous vote ; to which office he was 
with like unanimity reelected by the votes of each succeeding annual 
meeting until that of the year 1874 ; his death occurring in the 
thirty-first year of his faithful and devoted service in that office. 



1874.] Marriages in Co. YorB, Me., 1686-99. 117 

It is deemed proper, in this place, to note that the society was 
incorporated by an act of the general court in the year 1855. In 
grateful recognition of the harmony always existing between the 
society at Dorchester and the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, it deserves to be recorded that in September, 1871, the 
house of the latter society was made the home of their Dorchester 
allies, the two libraries being divided only by an imaginary line ; and 
the few associates then without formal union with the larger institu- 
tion, being admitted to full membership therein. 

Mr. Tileston was admitted a member of the New-England His- 
toric, Genealogical Society, June 6, 1870, and was one of the con- 
tributors to the fund for purchasing and refitting the society's house 
in Somerset street. At a quarterly meeting of this society, Oct. 1, 
1873, the following resolutions were adopted; after appreciative re- 
marks upon his character by William B. Trask, Esq., and the Hon. 
George W. AVarrcn. 

Whereas, this society, recognizing their own and the public loss sustained 
in the removal by death of their late revered associate, the Honorable 
Edmund Pitt Tileston, would inscribe upon their records the grateful ap- 
preciation of his estimable worth, it is therefore 

Resolved, That in the character of our deceased member we recognize 
the nobility of true manhood as illustrated by integrity, sagacity, industry, 
urbanity, a love of letters, an unostentatious benevolence, and a pervading 
christian faith. 

Resolved, That we mourn the loss of one who was devoted to the work 
of this society, and whose memory is entitled to respect for the generous 
and efficient aid which he rendered to this and kindred organizations. 

Resolved, That we tender to the family and kindred of our late lamented 
associate, our deepest sympathies in their great affliction, invoking for them 
divine consolations. 



MARRIAGES IN THE COUNTY OF YORK, ME., 1686-99. 

Communicated by N. J. Heriuck, Esq., of Alfred, Me. 

PnovYNCE of Mayne : By vertne of An Act made by his 
Excellency y e Governo r and Councill A list of marriages 

recorded in y° s d Provynce. 

By Samuell Wheelwright Esqr, one of his maj tLc * Justices of the 
peace were married 

Gilbert Endicott and Hannah Gowge were married April 28 th 
1686. 

Richard Blanshett and Elizabeth Ilussey were married 12 th July 
1686. 

VOL. XXIX. 11* 



118 Marriages in Co. York, Me., 1G8G-99. [April, 

Samuel Littlefield and Mary Coalt were married 4' h December 
1686. 

By M r Jn° Emerson minst' 

Jji° Leighton of Kittery was married to llono Langdon of 
Portsm 13 th June 1G86. 

John Nason of Barwick was married to Bridgett Weymouth of 
the same Towne October 7 th 1G87. 

William Sanders and Sarah Wittum were married in December 
1G87. 

By m r Burroughs minisf : 

Miehaell Webber and Deborah Bedford married August 14 th 1G86. 
Jeremiah Gordon and Deborah Bithford married March 10 th 
168-4. 

John Osborn and Lidia Bogers married Nov 12 th 1G87. 
Daniell Libby and Mary Ashton married 23 ftebr 1687. 

By Sylvanus Davis Esq e JuBtice of the peace married : 
Benjamin Leather of North Yarmouth and Deborah Ingersoll of 

ffalmouth married ye 1st December 1686. 

Moses Downing and Sarah Samson of Scarborough were married 

December y G 23 d 'l686. 

By John Wincoll Esqr. Justice of ye peace : 
James Goodin married to Sarah Tomson y e 9 tl1 December 1686. 
Zachary Emery married to Elizabeth Goodin 9 th December 1G86. 
John Fosse married to Sarah Gossc y° 25 th of January 1G8G. 

By M r Benjamin Woodb ridge minister : were married as followeth 

Richard Archer to Mary West both of Portsm married July 19, 
1688. 

John Thurston and Hannah Carey both of Kittery were married 
15 August 1G88. 

Nathaniell Keene and Sarah Greene both of Kittery married 2 d 
November 1G88. 

Benjamin Berry and Elizabeth Withers both of Kittery married 
27 th November 1G88. 

Samuell Willis of Hartford & Mrs Mary Love of Barwick married 
28 th November 1G88. 

By M r Martin minister : 

Anthony Comes and Dorcas Wooden were married the 5 th 
September 1G88. 

By M r Edward Thompson Minister of Barwick : 

Were married Samuel Brackitt and Elizabeth Botts November 

the 20 th 1694. 

John Turner and Elizabeth Lander were Marryed Novemb r : the 

s \ 1G94. 



1874.] Marriages in Co. York, Me., 1686-99. 119 

Isaac Barnes and Sarah Goodwin Marryed Dcc br : 6 : 1694. 

Cap tn : Julm Hill and m r5 Mary Frost were Marryed December y e 
A 1694. 

John Abbet and Abigail Xason ) Married Jan : 

Walter Abbet & Elizabeth Key 5 3. 1694. 

Alexander fforgison & Elizabeth Smith alias Gowen were Married 
ffeb: f T : 1694. 

Christopher Banfield and Grace Miller were married March y e y ^ 
1695. 

David Emery and Margaret Smith Marryed March T ° T : 1695. 

By Abraham Preble Esqr. Justice of peace were Married Joseph 
Banks and Elizabeth Harmon fFeb : 2 ° ff : 1694-5. 

Joseph Curline & Rachel Preble Married March A 1694. 

By Charles Frost Esq e Justice of peace were Married as followeth : 

James Ross formerly of Cascoe Bay to Sarah Forgison of Barwick 
19 of December 1695. 

Win. Grant and Martha Nelson both of Kittery Married 2 \ °f 
Decern!/: 1695. 

Job Emery and Charitie Nason both of Barwick Married the | of 
April 1696. 

By m r John Hancock ]\Iinister were Married, as follows : 

Thomas Card and Mary Winchester Married : S V July : 1694. 

Abraham Preble Jun r and Mary Brogdon Married: 9. Aug' 1 : 
1694. 

Samuel Brogdon Jun r . and Isabella Austin Married the 2 % of 
Deceml/. 1694. 

John Dunell and Hannah Milbury Married : 2 ° ff Septemb 1 " : 1694. 

Nicholas Smith and Hannah Hodsdon Married : 2°5 : June : 1695. 

By m r Sam' 1 Emery Minisf : of Wells were married : Joseph 
Hamond to Hannah Storer, September y e T ° ¥ : 1699. 



Plan of Eranoiiegan. — We learn from the Wiscasset Seaside Oracle that a plan 
of Eranobegan or Ranohegan (Parker's Island) at the month of the Sheepscot river, 
with the surrounding and internal waters, as Sheepscot river, Back river, Kennebeo 
river, Robin Hood's cove, Harmon's harbor, Jeremisquam bay, together with the 
islands, capes and promontories, and a survey of all the lands and the situation of 
settlers as held under Clarke and Lake, has lately been presented with other docu- 
ments to the Maine Historical Society. The original of* this plan was made by Jonaa 
Jones, surveyor, and is dated March 22, 1759. It was, on the 22d of October, 1789, 
in the possession of Samuel Goodwin, by whom this copy was made. 

The plan and documents were presented, through the Rev. David Q. Cushman, by 
Dr. Benjamin F. Buxton, of Warren, Me., who inherited them from his father-in- 
law Col. Siunuel Sevey, of Wiscasset. 

For a notice of John Parker, from whom Parker's Island took its name, see the 
Register, vi. 375. John Ward Dean. 



120 Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 



4 


21 
28. 


5 


5 


6 


2 




9 




23 
30 


7 


G 



Continued from Register, page 280, vol. xxvil. 
— Page 2C0 {Concluded). — 
Abigail. D. of John & Abigail — — 



Mary. D. of Joseph & 



William. S. of Samuel & (of y e ch : of York) 

Joseph. S. of John & Ann — — — 

Ann 1). of Nathanael Ad — — — 

Elizabeth Mudg D. of Georg Mudg deccafed 

(aged 1 7) 
persis D. of persis sheppard wid of John deceased 
Ebenezer. S. of .Jacob & — — — 

Elizabeth. D. of Joseph & — — — 

Sarah D. of Timothy & mary — — — 

llebecka D. of Samuel & Elizabeth — — 



Rayner 

phips 

Storer 

walker 

Adams. 

Mudge 

Sheppard 

Waters 

Dows. 

phillips 

Ilill 



7 


20 




27 


9 


1 




22 


10 


G 




20 


11 


3 




12 




~31~ 


12 


7 




21 



— Page 261 — Baptifed. 
Joseph S. Thomas k Elizabeth 
Ruth D of William & Ruth Everton 
Joseph. S. of Joseph (Deceased) & Ruth 
Joanna D. of Joseph & Joanna (Deceased) 
Abigail D. of Elias & Abigail [*blotted] 
Sarah W of william pierce (aged about 25) 
Sarah D of s d william & Sarah — — 

Hannah D of John & ■ — — 

Mary D. of John & Elizabeth — — 

Rebecca D. of David & Mabel — — 

Samuel S of Samuel & — — 

Sarah D of Caleb — — 

John. S. of Joseph & — — 

Mathew S of William & Esther — — 

Sarah D of Nathaniel & — — 

Hannah D. of John & — — 

Sarah D. of Roger & Experience — 

Mary. D. of Richard & parnel — 



— — fenton 

— — Everton 
Hopkins 
Whittamore 
*Stone [?] 
pierce 
pierce 
Call 

Lowden 
Jennour 
Blunt. 
Carter 
Newell 
Johnson 
Brigden 
Rand 
Iloliar 
fofter 



In all ( males 9 
43 1 females 34 



Ajred 3. 



169|2. 


1 


G 




13 




20 




27 


2 


3 


3 


22 

29 



Jofhua. S. of Thomas & Sarah — — 

Thomas. S. of Thomas & margaret — — 

Sarah D of Thomas & — — 

mary D of James & Hannah — — 
Andrew S. of John Jun r & [*lst letter blotted] 

Richard S. of John & Sarah — — — 

Sarah. D of Richard & Margaret — — — 

Caleb S. of Samuel & prifcilla — — — 

Abigail D of Samuel & — — — 

Mary. D. of John & Mary — — — 

Joseph. S. of Henry & — — — 

William. S. of Thomas & — — — 



Rand 

Adams. 

Welsh 

fofdick 

* twell 

Whittemor 

Bentley. 

Grillin 

phips 

Watkins 

Cookery 

Harris 



1874.] Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown. 121 



ra. 
4 



D. 





12 




19 




26 


5 


24 


6 


14 




21 




28. 


7 


11 




18. 


8 


23 




30 


9 


6 




13. 

27. 


10 


4 


11 
~12~ 


29 

5 

12 



19 



2G 



— Page 2G2 — Baptized. i 

John S Joseph & Mary — — 

Susanna D. Abraham & — — 

Abigail D. John & Abigail — — 

Joseph. S. Joseph & Mary — — 

Thomas S John & — — 

Benjamin. S. Stephen & Sarah — — 

Willemott. S. Nathanel & Hannah — 

John. S. John (ferryman) & rnary — 
mehetabell. D. Richard (Jun r ) & mehetabell 

Nathanael. S. Jsaae & mary — — 

Benjamin. S. Andrew & Abigail — — 

Elizabeth. D. Eliezcr & Anna — — 

Benjamin. S. Seth & Sarah — — 

mercy I) Joseph & — — 

Ebenezer. S. Alexander & Susanna — 

Thomas S. Thomas & _ — 

Jsaack. S. Daniel & Anna • — — 

Susanna D. paul & — ■ — 

Sarah D Thomas (Jun r ) & — — 

Sarah D. William & Mary — — 

William S. William & Mary — — 

Abigail D. Edward & — — 

Martha D. Thomas & — — 



In all ( males 20 



35 1 females 15 f a ° 



aged — 



169 


3 


1 


5 
12 



D 



1 


19 
26 


2 


9 




1G 


3 


7 




14 




21 




28. 


4 


4 



Richard. S. John & — — • — 

William. S. Thomas & — — — 

Nathanael S. Benjamin Goddard (of Cambridg) 
& his wife, teftifyed by Deacon Hastings 
Elizabeth D John & pierce — — 

169^ —Page 263—- Baptifed. 

Elizabeth D. John Jun\ & Dorothy — — 

Elizabeth D. Thomas & Elizabeth — — 

Jofeph. S. Thomas & Elizabeth — — 

rJofhua. S. Jofhua & mehetabel — — 

.Mary. D. Timothy & Elizabeth — — 

Ebenezer S. John & Abigail Stretton of Water 
town, she being a member in full colli : w h y e eh : 
Testifyed by Samuel Thatcher & Simon Stone 
Abigail. D. John & Sarai — — — 

lluth D. John Jun r & martha — — — 

Sarah D. Jonathan & — — — 

r P1 [ s 8 . Rolf & Anna 

1 nomas \ J 

Edward. S. & Mary — — — 

Thomas. S. Jonathan & Mary — — — 



Ryall 

Miller 

Soley 

Lemmon 

Taylor 

Waters 

Adams 

Ruff ell. 

Austin 

Johnson 

Stimson 

phillips 

Sweetser 

phips. 

Logen 

Sheppard. 

parker 

Wilson 

White. 

Brown 

Rous 

Johnson 

Stanford. 



Waite 

fen ton. 

Goddard 
pierce 



Mousall. 

Bonnet. 

pierson 

Blanchard 
Cutler 

Stretton 

foster 
Cutler 
fosdiek 

Mousal. 

Miriam 

pierce 



122 Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestow?i. [April, 







5 


9 




16. 


6 


20 




27 


7 


10 




17 


8 


15 


9 


5 




12 i 



— Page 263 (Concluded). — , 

Abiel, D. (posthumous) of Solomou (deceased) 

[& mary 

Martha, D. of Edward & Hannah — — 

Zechary. S. of Zechary & Elizabeth — — 

Sarah D. of Samuell & Sarah (Avis now) — 

mary D. michael k Anna N — — 

Abigail D. Elias & Abigail — — 

Abigail, D. Nicholas & — — 

mary, D. Samuel & Sarah — — — 

Stephen. S. Stephen & margaret — — — 

Ann. D. John (Juif) & Hannah — — — 

Ebenezer. S. Samuel & — — — 

John . S. John & Susanna — — — 

Michael S Michael & — — — 

mary. D Edward & — — — 

John. S. Nathanael & Dorothy — — — 

Maria D. Bartholomew & Maria — — — 

Sarah D. Thomas & Hannah " — — — 

Thomas S. Samuel [erasure] — — — 

Hanna D Samuel & prifcilla — — — 



phipps 

LLoyd. 

Long 

Clark 

Newcomb 

Stone. 

Lawrence. 

Austin. 

fosdick 

Newell. 

Dows 

Chickering 

Brigden 

Larkin. 

Dows. 

Green 

Baston 

Whittamore. 

Griffin. 



m 


D 


9 


19 


10 


10 




24 


11 


7 




14 




28 


12 


11 




18 




25 



1693 —Page 264— Baptized. 
Ef ther D. Thomas & Elizabeth — 

Elizabeth aged 18 
Sarah — 16 
Bathia — 14 
Elizabeth a^ed 16 



D a of Georg Engerston 



aged 16 ) D , 



of Andrew & Elizabeth 



mary _ 

Richard S. Nathanael & 
Susana (y* Sick) D. Samuel sen r & Hannah 

Thomas. S. David & Mabel — — 

Thankful D Nathanael & Thankfull — 
Lidia W Samuel Jun r (aged about 20) 

Samuel S. Samuel Jun r & Lydia — 

Ruth. D James & Hannah — — 

Daniel S. Jacob & — — 

Alice D. Joseph & Mary — — 

Sarah D. Andreio — — 

Elizabeth D Andreio — — 

Ellen. D. Hopewell & Sarah — — 

Rebecca D Thomas (aged about 18) — 

John. S. John & Mary — — 

Benjamin. S. Stephen & Elizabeth — 

Andrew. S. Andrew & Abigail — — 

Samuel. S. Samuel & Elizabeth — — 

Silence. D. Thomas & Hephzibah — 

Joseph S. John & Sarah — — 

Caleb. S. Jofhua & Mehitabell — — 

Ann. D. James & Hannah — — 

Abigail. D. Jsaac & Mary — — 



Call . 

Engerston 

Engerston 

Engerston 

Robinson 

Robinson 

Kettl 

Whittamore 

Jennour 

Wilson. 

Whittamore 

Whittamore 

Miller 

Waters 

Dows 

Michell 

Michell. 

Davis. 

Barber 

Watkins 

Cod man 

Michel 

Hill 

Harris 

Whittamore 
Blancher 
f of dick. 
Johnson 



In all ( males 26 , 
63 j females 37 I A 8 ed 7 



1874.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown. 123 



m 


D 


1 


4 




25 


2 


.1. 




29 


3 


G 


4 


3 



10 



24 



15 



1694 —Page 265— Baptized 

Samuel. S. Samuel & mary — — — 

Edward. S. William & Abigail of Cambridg 
having both been Baptized & reed Cov* there 
Lydia. D. Samuel & — — — 

Sarah D Joseph Jim* & Sarah — — — 

Richard. S. Richard k jmrnel — — — 

Thomas. S. Thomas & mary — ■ — — 

Thomas. S. Daniel k Naomi (of Cambridg) — 
Bathiah D. William & Sarah — — — 

Jonathan. S. John & Mehetabel — — — 

Elizabeth peachy (aged about *0) [* blotted] — 
Mary Ilaris — aged about 20 — — — 

Elizabeth D of James Davis (Aged 21) — 

Bezaleel. S. m r Anger & his W (fro' Cambridg) 

IsabX^ I twins D ' of Nathaniel & Abigail — j 

Mary. D. Henry k mary — — — 

Samuel. S. 

Josiah S. 

Jonathan. S. 

Rebecka D. 

Dorcas. D. 

Mildred. D. 

Alice D. 



22 



12 



- Samuel & Judith — 



- Twinns of Nathaniel & Elizabeth 



Elisha. S. of Elisha k mary Dobelder — - 
Edward. S. of Robert k Ruth — — 

Esther D of mary ford widd [?] (aged 17) enterd 

Cov* 
Elizabeth D of Thomas k Elizabeth — — 

John. S. Timothy k Mary — — 

Elizabeth, D. Joseph & Mary — — 

Hannah. D. William k II anna — — 

Margaret D. John k Abigail — — 

Hannah D John & Elizabeth — — 



Mold 
Rufsel. 

Storer 

Linde 

foster 

Whittamore 

Dana 

Johnson 

Rand 

peachy 

Harris 

Davis 

Anger 

Rand 

Rand 

Cookery 

Jngersol 

Jngersol 

Jngersol 

Jngersol 

Jngersol 

Brigden 

Brigden 

Dobelder 

Wier 

ford 



pierson 

phillips 
phipps 

Hurry 

Soley 

pierce. 



14 

IT 
~T 
TT 

a 



24 



1694 —Page 266— Baptized 

Emme D Samuel k Katherine phips — — 

Sarah. D. Thomas k Sarah — — 

William S. John (Jun r ) k Hannah — — 

Robert. S. of Robert & margaret — — 

Mary. D. of Stephen k mary — — 

Mary. D. of Elias k Abigail — — 

Jsaac. Son of Samuel k Mary — — 

Katherine D John & Katharine — — 

RuthD of Abraham & Hannah Hill (of Cambridg) 

Elizabeth. D. of Rebecka (widd : of Josiah) — 

Jabez. S. Joseph k — — 

John S. Edward & Mary — — 

Hannah D. Benjamin & Mary (of York) — 

Benjamin. S. John k Hannah — — 

Jonathan. S. Eleazar k Mary — — 



phips. 

Rand. 

Newell. 

Ward 

Kidder 

Stone. 

Miriam. 

Taylor 

Hill 

Bennet 

Whittamore 

Larkin 

preble. 

Melvin. 

Dows. 



In all ( males 20 
47 {female 27 



Aged 8. 



124 Record-Boole of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 



1 


3 




24 




31 


2 


7 




21 



— Page 266 {Concluded). — 

George. S. > M r David & M rs Mary (of New- 
Mary D j [found Land 
Susanna D Thomas & Margaret — — 
Sarah aged about 20 } T ^ 3 , i 

Anna - - 16 j D " francis \ 

Mary. D. Ralph & Anna — — 

Joseph. S. Joseph & Elizabeth — — 

Abigail D of Seth & Sarah — — 

Sarah D of John & Sarah Whittamore ■ — — 
Abigail D of Joseph & Elizabeth — — 

Sarah W. Thomas Marables (aged about 30 y' 3 ) 
patience D. James Davis (aged about 18. y r ) 
Joseph. S. Jonathan & — — 

Elizabeth D Thomas & Elizabeth — — 



Kirk 
Kirk 
Adams 

Sheppard 
Sheppard. 
Mousell 
Austin 

Switser 

Whittamore 

Austine 

Marables 

Davis 

pierce 

teuton 



M 


D 


3 


5 
~2~ 




19 




26 


4 


9 




16 




23 


5 


7 




~14~ 




21 




28 


C 


11 




73"! 


7 


1 




8 




15 



1695 



— Pase 267 



Baptized 



Mary D. of William & mary — — 

William S. of paul & Mary — — 

Agnes Batchelour (aged about 18 y") — — 

Martha Clark (aged about y° same) — - — 

Elias. S. John & Ruth — — 
Benjamin S. of Jacob Green Juni T & Mary his TV 

Abigaile D of John & Abigaile — — 

Mary D of William & persis — — 

Elizabeth D of Timothy & Elizabeth — — 

Hanna D of Nathanael & Hannah — — 

Abraham. S. of Abraham & Sarah - — — 

Robert. S. ~) ( 

Sarah. D. > of Thomas & Sarah — 1 

Ruhama D ) ( 

Sarah. D. of Stephen & Sarah — — 

Mary. D. of Nathanael & Mary — — 

Mary. D. of Archibald & Sarah — — 

Samuel. S. of Jofhua & Mehctabel — — 

Barnabas. S. of Barnabas & Mary Cooke of 

[Cambridg 

Sarah ) D 8 of Samuel Cook a member of y e eh : 

Mary ) [in Cambridg 

Mabel D of Thomas & Mabel — — 

Mary D of Elisha & Mary — — 

Job. S. of william & mary — — 

Elizabeth D. of Robert, & Katherine — — 

Abraham S. of John Ik Rachel — — 

Sarah. D. of John & Sarah — — 

John. S. of Thomas (Jun r ) & Sarah — — 

David. S. of Samuel & Judith — — 

John. S. of John & Ruth — — 

Samuel. S. of John & (of y e ch: of Watertoun) 

Sarah. D. of John k — _ 

Sarah. D. of Nathanael & Thankfull — — 

John S. Richard & margaret — — 

Thomas. S. Thomas & Sarah — — 

[To be continued.] 



Rous. 

Wilson 

Batchelour 

Clark 

Rowe 

Green 

Rayner 

Rand 

Cooper 

frothingham 

Hill. 

Marables 
Marables 
Marables 
Waters 

Davis. 
Macquarry 
Blaneher 
Cooke 

Cook 

Cook 

Sheppie 

Doubelday 

Brown. 

Knolls. 

Smith 

Emerson 

White 

Jngersoll. 

Waite 

Hastings 

Cutler 

Wilson 

Bentlcy 

Marables 



1874.] Boston, Eng., and John Cotton in 1621. 125 



BOSTON, ENGLAND, AND JOHN COTTON IN 1621. 

THE CROSSES ARE REMOVED FROM THE MAYOR'S MACE — MR. COTTON'S 
OPINIONS ON CONFORMITY HIS LETTER TO THE BISHOP OF LINCOLN. 

By the Rev. G. B. Blenkin, M.A., Prebendary of Lincoln, Vicar of Boston. 

THE calendaring of the state papers, now 1 completed to the year 
1638, and the opportunities of search afforded at the new record 
office, have rendered the investigation of subjects of local interest 
comparatively easy and inexpensive ; and it was in the hope of find- 
ing some hitherto unpublished record which might throw light upon 
the history of Boston during the reign of James L, especially in 
connection with its ecclesiastical condition, that I was led to 
procure a list of such papers as relate to this place at that particular 
time. 

In tliis hope I was to a great extent disappointed, the general na- 
ture of the entries being wholly unecclesiastical, and referring to 
subjects important no doubt at the time, but not of any particular 
interest at the present day. 3 There are, however, two which are ex- 
ceptions to this rule, and as they have never, I believe, been pub- 
lished, and, if we may judge by his silence, were wholly unknown to 
Mr. Thompson, the learned and laborious historian of Boston, they 
will, I venture to hope, be interesting to the inhabitants of the town 

1 This paper, except such portions as are hereinafter indicated, was read by its learned 
author before the " Lincoln Diocesan Architectural Society," at their annual meeting, held 
in Boston, Eng., June 16 and 17, 1870, under the presidency of the Lord Bishop of Lincoln, 
and, under the title of " Notices of Boston in 1621," it was published in the Reports and 
Papers read at the Meetings of the Architectural Societies of the Diocese of Lincoln, Diocese 
of Worcester, County of York, County of Bedford, &c. (See Book-Notices in this number 
of the Register.) 

We have taken liberty to give the paper a new title, and have inserted several depositions 
in full, in place of extracts as given by the author in his published paper. These de- 
positions are here printed from copies procured by the Rev. Mr. Blenkin from the state- 
paper office in London, and which he very kindly forwarded to ns. The author gives, in 
his paper as originally published, the most important portions of Mr. Cotton's letter to Bp. 
Williams, but as it has never been printed in the Register, we now insert it entire. In 
order to make these insertions we have been obliged to alter Mr. Blenkin's phraseology in 
a few instances, but in no case, we believe, have we changed the meaning. 

As any new matter (and this paper contains much that will be new to our readers) re- 
lating to John Cotton must be of great interest to New-Englanders, we believe no one will 
complain of the space allotted to this able and interesting paper, and all will appreciate the 
service rendered to history by the researches of its author. For other matter relating to 
Boston, see the article on William Coddingtoyi, &c., ante, page 13.— [Editor of Register.] 

2 The following are specimens of thorn, the whole number being only thirteen : — 
August 29, 1604.—" Statute and decrees made at Boston by the Commissioners of Sewers 

for cleaning certain Drains in the Fens." 

April 7, 1605.— Mayor of Boston to Lord Burleigh.—" A great fish cast ashore at IIol- 
beach is claimed by Sir Robert Wingfield as being within her Majesty's jointure. He also 
summons fishermen to his court instead of the Admiral's Court at Boston. They send their 
charter, &c, to prove their admiralty rights and seek redress." 

April 8, 1611.— Sir G. Bruce to Salisbury.—" The King recommends to the Commissioners 
for suits his petition to furnish Boston, &c., with salt." 

Sept. 24, 1618.— Earl of Rutland and others to the Council.--" The Bridge at Boston needs- 
repairs," &c. 

VOL. XXIX. 12 



126 Boston, Eng., and John Cotton in 1621. [April, 

now present, and not unacceptable to the members of the society 
generally : at any rate, they may serve to give a clearer insight into 
the state of feeling, civil and ecclesiastical, in a parish which was 
supposed to be largely influenced by the puritan spirit of the times, 
and, it may be, may tend to correct, or at least modify, impressions 
which a more general view may have led us to entertain. 

The subject to which these papers refer was a supposed act of 
treason and disloyalty to the throne, by cutting off the crosses from 
the king's arms upon the maces belonging to the mayor and cor- 
poration, and usually carried before that body on Sundays and other 
festival days when they attended divine worship at the parish church ; 
and information having been given by one David Lewis to the lords 
of the privy council, a commission was issued to Mr. Anthony Irby, 
one of the masters in chancery, and to Mr. Leonard Bawtree, ser- 
geant-at-law, bearing date the 23d day of March, 1G21, in the 
nineteenth year of his majesty's reign, and afterward a second com- 
mission to the solicitor-general dated May 18th, in the same year, 
authorizing them to examine into the case, and report thereupon, — the 
information (as shown in one of their replies) running thus : "That 
theMaior of Boston," Mr. Thomas Middlecote, "by himselfe or some 
others by his appointment or consent had cutt off the cross from the 
mace and caused yt to be carried before Mm soe defaced" — such 
an act being, according to one Abraham Browne, who was one of the 
witnesses examined, "very evil done and a dangerous matter," "a 
felonye or treason because yt was a defacinge of the imperiall crowne," 
an opinion in which the privy council seem to have concurred, from 
the importance which they attached to the deed, and the efforts made 
to discover the doer of it. 

Upon the issue. of the first of these commissions, the commissioners 
appointed seem to have taken the evidence of ten persons, 1 among 
whom were the two sergeants-at-mace, the two maid-servants of the 
mayor, an alderman, and a churchwarden ; and the result of their 
investigations is thus stated in their report, dated April 7th in the 
same year : — 

[Report of TnE Commissioners.] 
Right Ho bl ° 

Accordinge to your hon" l'res dated the 23 (l of the last March to us 
directed commandinge us, for that informacoii was given to his Ma tie that 
the Maior of Bostou by himself or some others by his appointment or con- 
sent had cutt of the crosse from his Ma ties Aimes uppon the Mace belonginge 
to the Towne and caused yt to be carryed before him so defaced, That we 

1 Namely: Peter Dixon and William Smith, sergeants of the mace; Edward Nodall, 
goldsmith; Abraham Browne, painter ; John Camoek, alderman; Richard Westland, gentle- 
man; Arme Bramford, John Child, and Katharine Cullingham, servants to the mayor; 
John Jenlrinson, blacksmith, clerk and sexton of the church of Boston; Athcrton Hough, 
gentleman, and one of the church-wardens ; and Thomas Cony, town-clerk of Boston. Wo 
have inserted in the text those depositions only which seem to he the most important. — 
[Euitok of Register.] 



1874.] Boston, JEng., and John Cotton in 1621. 127 

should first informe ourselves of the factt and then to inquire by whom 
the same was soe done, and upon what p'tence and whether by the Maiors 
privytie or consent and there uppon To c'tyfie your Hono" wee have 
taken many examinacons of div'se psonnes and made what inquire wee 
possiblye cann whereby we finde theare be twoe sortes of maces in the 
towne of Boston, the one a lesser w th only his Ma ties amies ingraven, 
usually and ordinarilye caryed by the Sergeants, the other greater with the 
ball and crosse on the toppe only caryed before the Maior to the Church 
on Sundayes and Thursdayes and solonm tynies. That uppon the first 
day of ffebruarye beinge Thursdaye tlie Maior having bene at Church 
those maces weare brought home whole and safe and layd in the Maior's 
house in the hall windowe next the street as they were usuallye, but 
there negligently left by the sergeants untill dynner tyme next day, being 
Frydaye. In w ch meane tyme the toppes of the crosses onely were cutt oiF 
from both the maces, the two crosse barrs thereof remayning in tyre ; and soe 
by one of the mayde servants put into the cases and caryed into the chamber 
w th out any notice or knowledge thereof given by her to the Maior her 
Master, and soe rested untyll the Sundaye morninge followinge, at w ch tyme 
beeing brought down the sergeiant espyed yt: whereuppon both the Maior 
and his wife were much moved and augrye at the fait, but the sermon bell 
then ringinge and the Maior then going out of his house to the church, in- 
tending to examine yt after dynner as he did, went on and had them soe 
caryed before hym to the church that day, as they were likewise caryed the 
Thursdaye and Sundaye after before hym. But as soone as the Goldsmyth 
of Boston, who was then at Lynn Martt came home he caused the same to 
be mended before any complaints made to his Ma tie or y r honors, and before 
he that did complayne did come from home ; but by whome or for what end 
or cause the toppes of those crosses were soe cut off we cannot find oute or 
perceive, nor that the Maior was in any waye privye or consenting thereto 
being a man well deserving in his Ma tie " service in the countrye, wherein he 
is a commissioner of the peace. And soe w r ee humbly rest yo r hono rs to 
command. Leo Bawtree. Anthony Irby. 

To the Eight IIo ble the Lords of 

his Ma Ues privye Councill this be d'd. 

The result of this first commission did not, as it seems, allay the 
suspicions of government, and satisfy them of the loyalty and inno- 
cence either of the mayor or the inhabitants generally, especially as the 
witnesses, according to the further statement of the informant, Lewis, 
had been tampered with by the mayor, and also by Mr. Irby the 
commissioner, who was also the representative of the town in parlia- 
ment. In the Domestic Papers of same reign, Vol. 120, No. 77, 
we have an amusing account of this supposed tampering, where one 
William Hill states that the said Lewis " sayed y 1 when Mr. S r jeant 
Bawtrce did examine div'se of the examinates to any materiall pointe, 
Mr. Irby would answeare before y e examinate and say, r Thouknow^est 
nothing of this busincsse,' and y f any exanimate did answeare any thing 
wh c,x he tooke to be materiall, he would then say, c Ilould thy peace, 
ffoole,' so y* Mr. S r jeant Bawtree found fault w th him for soe doeing." 
Also "That Mr. Maior did attend in the house during all the tyme 
of the examinacon of the examinates and did conferr w rth ev r ry one or 



128 Boston, JEJng^ and John Cotton in 1621. [April, 

the most of them imediately before they went to be examined and 
also after they came from being examined. That Mr. Irby came 
downe to Mr. Maior and advised him privately to directe one Rich. 
"Westland ymediately before he went to be examined." 

It would appear also from certain notes to these Domestic Papers, 
that there was a suspicion that the informant Lewis had been himself 
bribed to withhold information, and compromise the matter in favor 
of the corporation ; for another entry is as follows : — "Mr. Ant y . In- 
goldsby, p'rson of fHshtofte, a verie inward friend of the Maior told 
Lewis (he being desirous to borrow some money of the said In- 
'goldsby) that he would fetch him some from the Maior." A further 
entry also states the subject of a conversation in Mr. Tillson's shop 
to Mrs. Jenkinson and others by Lewis, which was that — "Having 
p'formed the p'te of a faithfull servant towards his maister [the king] , 
he woulde now doe what service he coulde for the Corporacon of 
Boston ;" and a third entry speaks of "Lewis, his rcceivinge of ffive 
pounds of Camock at London, likewise his sendinge to one Springe 
for ffortye shillinges and a letter, wh ch had been sente by the saide 
Springe to him to London tobearehis chargdes down." The above- 
named persons, Camock and Springe, having been sent to London, 
according to another entry, "to p'cure him to desist in his loyall 
service." 

Under these circumstances a second commission was issued ad- 
dressed to the king's solicitor-general, and an examination holden as 
on the former occasion, the same witnesses for the most part appear- 
ing, with two or three others, 1 among whom was the mayor himself. 
But the result was as before, a perfect vindication of the mayor's 
character against every imputation of disloyalty, and an acknowledg- 
ment on the part of the commissioner that he could not discover the 
guilty person. 

[Report of the Solicitor-General.] 
Right Hon ble : 

I receaved letters fro the Lords of his Ma tys most hon bl privye councell, 
dated the 18 th of this moneth whereby I was directed to take the examina- 
tions of such as could testfie concerninge M r . Thomas Mickllecote late Maior 
of Boston. Upon the receite of this letter I forthwith sent for the p'tye 
who could give information therein ; Middlecote himself and eleven others 
cae, hut David Lewys who I find did first complaine of the misdeamo 1- cae 
not. All the rest I have examined and have sent the examinations to y r 
hon r . Out of them all I cann collect nothinge which cann fixe uppo Mid- 
dlecoate, bat a p r sumtion that he should be consenting thereto because the 
maces were in his house. On the other side there are many circumstances 
which seem to excuse him of this foolish and peevish fact, for the maces 

1 Thomas Brown, gentleman . William Bennett, an officer of the customs; Thomas 
Shawe, gentleman; Thomas Cony, gentleman and town-clerk; Thomas Middlecott, gentle- 
man, late mayor; Ann Ilowet, "wile of* William How'et;" William Smith and Peter 
Dixon, sergeants of the mace ;. William Pury, of Lincoln's Inn, gentleman; Richard West- 
land, gentleman ; John Spring, of Freeston, weaver; and William Jenkinson, alderman. 
— [Editor of Registek.] 



1874.] Boston, Eng., and John Gotton hi 1621. 129 

were caried before him w th the crosses before this accident fell out : when 
he first p'rceaved it, he was or seemed to be much offended thereat : he 
caused the crosses to be new made as soon as the goldsmith retourned 
holme : and he used the maces aff' tr they were mended againe. Yet doubtless 
I bolden it was done p'posely, whosoev r was the actor of it. Sue humbly 
leaving that which is already done and what is fitt to be further done to 
yo r better judgment or to the further direction of the Lords. I humbly 
take leave and rest at yo r honors service ready to be commanded. 

Mitcham, 22 May, 1C21. Ho. Heath. 

To the Right hon bI ° 

S r George Calvert, Knight, 

Principal! Secretary to his May* 76 . 

So far, therefore, as the civil aspect of the case was concerned, the 
result of the investigation was thoroughly creditable to the mayor 
and to the town, — and I will make no further remark on this part of 
the subject than to point out what I think the facts already stated 
prove, — viz. : the extreme sensitiveness of the government to the 
slightest supposed disloyalty among the people. When it is re- 
membered that Boston held at this time a most insignificant place in 
his majesty's dominions, so much so that the inhabitants themselves, 
only fourteen years before (1G07), had petitioned parliament (as 
stated in the corporation records) that "it might be put among the 
decayed towns," — when it is remembered, too, that it had been 
proved under the first commission that the alleged offence was the 
mere cutting off of a small portion of only an appanage of the re- 
galia, and yet that this trifling act, probably some foolish freak, 
having no political meaning wdiatever, was deemed a charge so grave 
as to need a second commission to investigate it, — it is not an unfair 
inference, I think, that there must have been (to say the least) very 
great suspiciousness in the ruling powers, and a lack of that large- 
hearted confidence in the fidelity of the subject, which is alike the 
dignity and the safety of the throne. 

But besides the civil aspect of the case, there was no doubt another 
of a different nature, which must now be mentioned. Boston was 
at this time supposed to be deeply imbued with the spirit of noncon- 
formity, under the ministry of Mr. Cotton, the then vicar of the 
parish, whose opinions had been embraced, as he himself expressed 
it some years afterward, "by the chief and greatest part of the 
town:" and though, through the influence of Bishop Williams, who 
then held the see of Lincoln, and who appears to have greatly ad- 
mired Mr. Cotton's character, both as a man of learning and personal 
worth, and who, as lord-keeper of the great seal, had even spoken 
favorably of him to the king, there had been considerable favor shown 
both towards the vicar and the parishioners, still we know enough 
of the times and of the course pursued in other cases, to be assured 
that such practices could uot go on without risk of prosecution both 

vol. xxix. 12* 



130 Boston, Eng., and\John Cotton in 1621. [April, 

in the court at Lincoln and the superior court in London, and that 
on information laid before either in the regular way, it would be im- 
possible not to proceed against offenders, however much counteract- 
ing influences might be at work to stay the course of the law. 1 

The information, therefore, of the above-named David Lewis was 
probably directed as much against the ecclesiastical authorities as 
against the civil, — as much against non-conformists in the church as 
against disloyalty in the council chamber ; and it was no doubt one 
of those many attempts, one of which was successful in the end, to 
drive Mr. Cotton from his office, and check the progress of his prin- 
ciples in the place. The cross as a religious symbol being specially 
distasteful to the feelings of a puritan, it was fair to suppose that it 
might be deemed so, even when employed, as in the present case, for 
a secular purpose, and as a badge of a civil office. 2 

1 If we may judge from evidence derived from various sources it does not seem probable 
that Mr. Cotton would have been proceeded against for non-conformity but for the fact 
that a " dissolute person in Boston [Eng.], who had been punished by the magistrates, 
strove to revenge himself by informing against them before the High Commissioner'* 
Court in London, that they did not kneel at the sacrament, nor observe some other cere- 
monies which the law prescribed." — [Editor.] 

2 This chapter in the history of Boston, Eng., will recall to the reader's mind a similar 
occurrence in Salem, Mass., in 1634, namely : the mutilation of the military ensign contain- 
ing the king's cross. For this act Gov. Endecott was censured by the general court and 
suspended from all authority for one year. The following is the account: 

" It was voted by the maior p'te of the court that the act of Mr. Endicott, in altering the 
crossc in the ensign att Salem, shall be refered for hcareiug & determineing thereof till the 
ncxte Gen'all Court." 

" The commission's chosen to consider of the act of Mr Endicott concerning the coirs att 
Salem did reportc to the court that they apprehended he had offended therein in many 
wayes, in rashness, vncharitableness, indiscrecon, & exceeding the lymitts of his calling; 
whereupon the court hath sensured him to be sadly admonished for his offence, w ch accord- 
ingly hee was, & also disinabled for beareing any office in the comon wealth, for the space of 
a yeare ncxte ensueing." (Records of Mass., i. 137, 145, 146.) As to the alleged complicity of 
Roger Williams in this act of Endecott, see Hubbard (205) ; Coddington's letter to George 
Fox (Backus, i. 445). 

" The assistants met at the governour's, to advise about the defacing of the cross in the 
■ensign at Salem (where taking advice with some of the ministers) we agreed to write to Mr. 
Downing in England, of the truth of the matter, under all our hands, that, if occasion 
were, he might show it in our excuse ; for therein wc expressed our dislike of the thing, 
and our purpose to punish the offenders, yet with as much wariness as we might, being 
doubtful of the lawful use of the cross in an ensign, though we were clear that fact, as con- 
cerning the matter, was very unlawful." 

" Mr Endecott was called to answer for defacing the cross in the ensign; but because 
the court could not agree about the thing, whether the ensigns should be laid by, in regard 
that many refused to follow them, the whole cause was deferred till the next general court ; 
and the commissioners for military affairs gave order, in the mean time, that all the ensigns 
should belaid aside," etc. — {Winthrop, i. 150, 156.) 

How the magistrates were subsequently embarrassed by this laying aside of the ensigns 
that contained a " cross," and wherein Mr. Cotton's experience on the subject of " crosses " 
was of service to the bewildered magistrates, will be seen in the following extracts from 
Winthrop. 

" One Miller, master's mate in the Hector, spake to some of our people aboard his ship, 
that, because we had not the King's colors at our fort [on Castle Island] we were all traitors 
and rebels.'' " We replied, that for our part we were fully persuaded, that the cross in the 
ensign was idolatrous, and therefore might not set it in our ensign ; but becauso the forts 
were the king's, and maintained in his name, we thought that his own colors might be spread 
there. So the governour [Vane] accepted the colors of Capt. Palmer, and promised that 
they should be set up at Castle Island. We had conferred over night with Mr. Cotton, etc., 
about the point. The governour, and Mr. Dudley, and Mr. Cotton, were of opinion that 
they might be set up at the fort upon this distinction, that it was maintained in the King's 
name. Others not being so persuaded, answered, that the governour [Vane] and Mr. Dud- 
ley, being two of the council and being persuaded of the lawfulness, etc. might use their 
power to set them up. Some others [including Winthrop, says Savage], being not so per- 
suaded, could not join in the act yet would not oppose, as being doubtful," etc. Winthrop, 
i. 187, 1S8, 189); see also Savages's note to Winthrop, i. 158.— [Editor of Register.] 



1874.] Boston, Ung. 9 and Johk Cotton in 1621. 131 

In this view the evidence of some of the witnesses examined before 
the commissioners is exceedingly interesting, especially that of the 
parish-clerk, the church-warden, and the town-clerk, Mr. Cony, — 
and they will be found, I think, as creditable to the town and to the 
ecclesiastical authorities as those already alluded to were to the mayor 
and corporation. 

Examinac'ons taken Peter Dixon one of y e S^eants at mace in v e towno 

before Leon r d Bawtree /» T> , . . P A i t i • x? a 

Srjeant at lawe and An- °* Boston beinge examined sayth y l he is one ot y e 

thonye Irbye one of ye S r geants at mace in y e towne of Boston and doth 

mast's ot Chancery by usua iiy C arrye y e mace before y e maior whe he goeth 
vrtueofl resfroy^Lords J J J J to 

of his Mu'i« privie abroad, lliat they have two sev all sorts ot maces, 
Counccl by his Ma"" ye 01)e bi^jjer imbossed ov r w th a ball and a crosse upon 
com'aundcm* to us di- „ , P ±i 1 -\ th e 1 • _ 

rected, ye seventh day y to PP e > Y other less onely w m y e kings armes mgraven 
of Aprill 1621, and in upon y e toppe and no more: y e lesse they alwayes 
xix'i'jereof lnsMatie. weare anc | [ )eare before y e maior in y e towne : The 
bigger they onely bear before y e maior to y e church upon sundayes and 
thursdayes or on solemn dayes. That upon y e thursdaye as he thincketh 
next before Candlemas they being at churche w th y e maior brought the home 
to y° maiors house and there layd the downe eth r in the windowe or upon 
y e liv r ie cupbord as they did usually and so dep'ted, y e same beinge used at 
night to be caryed uppe into y e maiors chamb r sometimes by this exaite or 
his fellowe but most comonlye by some of y e s r vants in y e house and there 
put into c r ten cases made for the. And at y e next time of usinge the 
they are comonly brought downe by some of y e s r vnts. That when he left 
the y e crosse upon y e toppe was whole. But upon y° sundaye morninge 
aft r w ch was y e next time y 1 he sawe ther beinge brought downe out of y e 
chamb r by Marye fibres t as he remembreth s r vant to Mr. Maior the y e toppe 
of y c crosses of y e maces were of. Whereat this exaite found fait and bothe 
M r . Maior and his wief were angrye but because y e sermon bell was then 
ringinge y e maior sayde y l was the no time to examine yt but he wold find a 
time to examine yt and so went to y u churche and had the caried before 
hime as they the were defaced : And so in y° same mann r they were caryed 
before y e maior y c next thursdaye and y° next sundaye after and the whe 
y° goldsmithe came home fr5 Linn Marte wher he had bene as y 4 while they 
were newe made and mended and so nowe are but by whome y° same was 
done or to what end he knowethe not neth r dothe thincke y 1 M r Maior 
privie or consentinge to y e doing of yt. 

Peter Dixon. 

Abraham Browne, Paynter, beinge examined saythe, That beinge at 
worke at M r Maior's M ris Mayresse talkinge of y c taking awaye of y e toppe 
of y e crosses this exiate told her yt was very evil done and a dangerous 
mat r and showed her some reasons for y t : And y* shortky aft r y e next movinge 
[morning ? Ed.] as this exiate thincketh they were newe mended. 

Abraham Browne. 

John Camocke Ald r man of Boston being examined sayth y e he sawe y e 
topps of y e crosses of y° twoe maces of, but by whome y e same was done he 
knoweth not nor to what end or upon what p'tence. But saythe y l beinge 
at Loudon aboute other business, he dealt w"' INI'" Davye Lewes to knowe 
by whose p'curm' he did complaine and yMie wold not cause y e maior being 



132 Boston, Eng., and John Cotton in 1621. [April, 

sickely to be. called upp, but to procure a comission for, y e examinacon of y e 
businesse into y e countrie. And sayth y t he bathe seene a l're sent uppe 
to M r Lewes und r y e hands of D r TVorshipp, D r Browne, M r Bennett and 
M r Barefote to intreat M r Lewes to s r ceasse for y l y e businesse was end- 
ed for whome yt was begunn or to y l effect. 

Joiin Camock. 

Ann Bramford sV to M r Maior beinge examined sayth y* the maces are 
usually layde in y e hall windowe next y e streete by y e sergeant. And that 
upon y e thursdaye before y e cuttinge of y e topps of y e crosses upoA the maces at 
theire goinge to churche they were well and corninge home they were layde 
in y° same windowe and there lay untill ffrydaye dinner next followinge at 
W ch time this exlate tooke the uppe to put the into their cases and taking 
y e one of the uppe shee thought they did not looke as they were wont to 
doe and thought they might have been broken of by y e waye but looking one 
y e oth r and finding y e same so in y e like mann r and smothe shee thought they 
had bene ev r so and therefor sayde nothinge whereas yf there had bene 
any showe of breakeinge shee wold have spoken of yt. And having put the 
into y e cases shee deliv r ed the to one Ann Tomson to carrye uppe into y e 
chamb r wher they remayned while [s?'c] sundaye morninge. And shee 
furth r saythe that she found the lyeinge one y e one end of y e windowe w th 
y e topp into y e middest of y e windowe and y e oth r at y e oth r end of y e windowe 
in y e same mann r . Butt who did yt or wheth r they were taken oute of y e win- 
dowe or caried out of y e house for y e doinge of yt shee can not tell nor by 
whose consent or privitie but saythe y* bothe M r Maior and his wife were 
very angrye aboute and did inquire of all his s r vts whoe did yt or wheth* 
they knewe howe yt was done. 

Ann I Bramford's m r ke 
Leo Bantree. Antho. Irbye. 

Rych r d Westland being examined saythe y l he dothe not rememb r wheth 1- he 
was eth r y e thursdaye or frydaye (in w ch time y e topps of y° crosses fro y e maces 
were cut of) at M r Maiors : neth r dothe he knowe whoe did cut the of nor ev r 
heard whoe did yt but onely M r Bodell 1 whoe the was at London : But he 
sayth y l cominge to M r Maiors he found Abraham Browne a paynter there 
talkinge w th M ris Mayresse aboute y e cuttinge of those topps and hearinge 
y° sayd Browne saye y* yt was felonye or treason this exlate asked him a 
reason whye, to w ch0 y° sayd Browne aunswered because yt was a defacinge 
of y° imperiall crowne whereto this replyed y 1 he did not conceve yt so. 

Rich. Westland. 

John Child sV to M r Maior beinge examined saythe that he did [not ?] 
observe or marke y° maces who they were brought home by y° sergeants 
y t thursdaye before y e topps were cutt of, nor howe they wer layde, but 
thinckethe they were layde in y e hall windowe: neth r did knowe of y e doinge 
thereof befor y e sundaye morninge whe y e sergeant found yt, nor can tell 
whoe did yt nor by whose appointm 1 or privitie yt was done. 

John CniLD. 

1 Nodall ?— [Editoh.] 

2 Richard West land was a brother-in-law of the Rev. Samuel Whiting, who came to 
America in 1G36 and settled in Lynn. He was mayor of Boston, Eng., in 1G32 and 1643. 
He loaned money to the Massachusetts-Bay Colony, and received a grant of 100 acres of 
land.— [Editou.j 



1874,] Boston, Ung., and John \Cotton in 1621. 133 

Allerton \_sic] Hough e gentleman one of y e churche wardens of y° towne 
of Boston examined say the y l he neth r did cut of y e toppe of y c crosses fro y e 
maces nor clothe knowe who did yt nor by whose consent yt was done nor 
was privie to y e doinge of yt. But he confesseth y t he he did before . . . 
that yere break of y e hand and arme of y e picture of a pope as y* seemethe 
standing ove a pillar of y e outesicle of y e steeple very highe aboute y e middest 
or mor of y e steeple w ch hand had a forme of a churche in yt [made aft r y e 
mann r of a crosse] 1 wh ch he did as he thought by warr* of y e injunctions 
made primo of .Queene Eliz: willing all images to be taken oute of y e walls 
of churches : and for y 4 he hard that some of y e towne had taken notes of 
such pictures as were in y e outeside of y c churche. 

Atherton Haulgh. 2 

The ima^e alluded to by this witness was probably one of the 
figures on the pinnacle buttresses of the tower, of which there were 
formerly six, one on each buttress, and two of which still remain in a 
mutilated state. The evidence is however valuable, as showing how 
great an amount of mutilation in our churches may be attributed to 
private individuals, acting, as they thought, under the sanction of the 
law, and that the popular idea which conveniently throws the blame 
of such actions on the shoulders of Oliver Cromwell and his ruthless 
soldiery is not altogether fair and just. That they did do much in- 
jury is unquestionable, but a vast amount of mutilation probably had 
been going on through many previous years by the hands of amateur 
iconoclasts, like Mr. Atherton Hough. 

Examinations taken Thomas Brown of Boston in the countye of Lincoln 

bv me Robert Heath . , . n , ,, ■, V /. * 

solicitor general! to his g ent « being examined by me, the day and yeer aiores a 

Maty by virtue of the saith : that for the cuttinge of, of the cross from the 

LS pri^?S"uSeU mace ' he can sa ? nothin - e of his owne k *™ledge; 
dated the 18th f this But he saith that one David Lewys being or p r tending 

pjscnt moneth of May himself to be a servant to the king's ma ty , did often re- 
1621. the examinations , ,-, • - , o ,1 > 1 •- , • -r> 

taken the 21st f May P aire to this exammants lathers house scituate in J5os- 

yo yeer aforcs* 1 . ton ffenn ende ; and had speeches about the cutting of 

the cross fro the maio'" 8 mace, and that he would complaino to his Ma ty 
therof : and he saith that the said David Lewys did afterwards goe to Lon- 
don w th a purpose to make such complaint and he saith that aft r his dep'ture 
for Lond5 titer were letters written to the said Lewys w th divers hands 
therunto p'swadinge the said Lewys to desist fro such his complaint and he 
saith that since that time the said Lewys hath grown cold in his complaint 
against the late Maior of Boston ; and this is the effect of that which this 
examinant cann say to this matt r . 

Thomas Browne. 

William Bennet of Boston afores'd his Ma ty9 constom* of that port, being 
examined by me the day and yeer afores d saith : That of his owne knowledg 
he cann say nothing towelling the cutting of the cross fro the mace for he 

1 Erased. 

2 Atherton Hough subsequently held the office of mayor. He came to America 
in company with Mr. Cotton, Thomas Hooker, Samuel Stone, William Pierce, Thomas 
Leverett, and others. The character and subsequent career of these, and others "who came 
over about this time, have attracted the notice of our historians. — [Editoe.] 



134 . Boston, JEng., and John Cotton in 1621. [April, 

was at Londo when it was sayd to be done, and bo cae holme fro Londo on 
y e Tuesday and on y e Thursday aft the mace was carried before the maior 
w th the cross on, but he hath herd and beleeveth it to be true that the cross 
was cutt or broken of, but by who or by whos means, he knoweth not: 
But he saith that aft r his retourn holme he was intreated by M r Thomas 
Conny the Townclerk of Boston, to joyne in a lett r to David Lewys not to 
p'secute his intended complaint touching the cutting of the said cross and he 
saith that letter was framed on the behalf of M r Cotton vicar of Boston, the 
churchwarden and maior and justices but this examinant beleeveth in his 
conscience the said M r Cotton was utterly innocent and ignorant of that 
fact, and that the letter was drawen w th out his privity and help for quietnes 
and peace sake he was well contented it should be sent. This examinant 
saith further that the lett rs being subscribed with the names of M r Doct r 
"Worship M r Doct r Browne, this examinant and one Richard Barfoot an 
Atturney at Lawe, was sent up to Lewys, but he thinketh it nev r came to 
Lewys hands but was returned back againe, because Lewys was gone out of 
towne. he saith further, that M r Middlecott then Maior of Boston affirmed 
to this examinant that he did not cutt of the said cross and being asked by 
this examinant, why he carried it before him before the cross was sett on 
againe he aunswered that he did soe because he would have the opinion of 
the house (meaning the corporation) before he sett it on againe. 

Wm. Bennett. 

Thomas Shawe of Boston afores d gent, being examined by me the day 
and yecr afores d saith, that in the time of M r Jenkinson late Maior of Bos- 
ton about St. Andre wes tide was a twelvmonth ther were two newe maces 
p'vided w th the imperiall crowne and crosses in ther topps (which before 
that time were not in that forme) he saith that on Mayday was a twelv- 
month M r Middecotes was elected Maior and used thes maces about three 
weeks or longer on a thursday, aft r a serino the maces being brought holme 
to M r Maior's house the crosses fro both the maces were cutt or otherwise 
taken of, but by who this examinant knoweth not and soe continued of not 
a moneth but were sett on againe and carried before the Maior ever since 
w th the crosses on. He saith further that he is verily p'swaded that if ther 
were a commission directed to fitt me to examine witness 8 in the countrye 
touching this misdemean r , it would be easily found who were the act" thereof. 

Thomas Shawe. 

John Jenkinson blacksmith, clerke and sexton of y e churche of Boston 
examined say the : y l he himself did not cut of y e toppe of y e crosses fro 
y e maces neth r dothe knowe whoe did yt nor by whose appointm* or consent 
yt was done nor did ever heare whoe did it savinge y' he hath heard him- 
self suspected to have done yt. 

John Jenkinson. 

Thomas Middlecott gent, of Boston in the county of Lincoln late Maior 
of the said towne being examined by me the day and yeer aforesaid saith 
that about Candlemas last he being then Maior the two maces usually carried 
before y c Maior being left in the hall of this examinants house the topps of 
the crosses standing on the topp of the maces were cutt of or broken of; 
and this examinant saith that the same was soe done w th out the knowledg 
consent or p r vity of this examinant ; neather cann he yet lerne who did it, 
and yet he hath done his best indevo r to inquire it out : He saith that he 



1874.] Boston, Eng., and John Cdtton in 1621. 135 

conceaveth it to be clone on or about a Thursday, but this examinent neather 
knewe nor herd of it, til he was going to church on the Sunday following, 
but this examinant and his wife then finding what was done they Avere both 
much offended at it and did indevo r to find out who had done it, but could 
not. And he saith that he had caused it to be forthwith amended if the 
goldsmith had been then in towne, but he being then at Lynn mart, and noe 
other goldsmith being in Boston at his retourne the crosses were sett on 
newe againe, and this examinant carried them with the crosses on, the resi- 
due of the time of the examinants Mairoltye he saith that he hath herd that 
M r Conny the Townclerk of Boston did write a lett r to be sent to David 
Lewys uppon conferenc w th one M r Bennet to the intent to dissuade him 
from complaining of this matt 1 " but this examlat saith, the lett r was.soe writ- 
ten w th out this examinants p r vity or knowledg, neath r doth this examinant 
know what the contents of that lett 1 ' were. 

TlIO: MlDDLECOTT. 1 

Ann Ilowet the wife of W. Ilowet of Boston being examined by me the 
day and yeer afores d saith that she was servaunt to M 1 ' Middlecot about Can- 
dlemas last, about which time the crosses on the topp of the maces usually 
carried before the Maior of Boston were cutt or broken of they being then 
in the hall window of M r Middlecots house he being then maior she saith 
that she cann not tell who did it nor by whos means or p'curement it was 
done but she thinketli that she was the first which p'ceaved it, but at the 
first finding the maces to be alike had thought that ther had been nothing 
done to them, but put them up into ther cases and said nothing of it untill the 
sunday morning after, the maces being sett downe and her M r and M rs p'ceav- 
ing the defacing of them, this examinant was asked about it, her M r and M ri 
being very much offended therat but this examinant could not then nor yet 
cann tell who to mistrust for the doin<r therof. 

Ann Howets marke I, 



& 



William Pury of Lincolns Inn gent, being examined by me the day and 
yeer afores d saith that he hath herd that about Candelmas last the crosses 
on the maces carried before the maior of Boston were defaced ; but by 
whom or by whos means or consent he kuoweth not for he saith he was then 
at Lincolnes Inn, nor hath been in Lincolnshire since that time. lie saith 
that ther came a lett r to this examinants hands, which was sent to Lewys 
hands, neather was this examinant privye to the writing of that letter. 

William Pury. 

John Spring of ffreeston in Lincolnshire weaver saitli that he knoweth 
nothing but by heresay that the maces were defaced. But he saith that he 
was sent up to London to one M r Pury of Lincoln's Inn w tb letters and 
when he came to him M r Pury delivered him a letter which was sent to one 

1 Thomas Middlecott was town-clerk of Boston, Eng., in 1602 and 1614 ; mayor in 1613 and 
J620. In 1624 lie established the free school at Kirton, for the parishes of Kirton, Sutterton, 
Algarkirkc and Fosdykc; Frampton and Wyherton were afterward added. A curious 
scale of entrance fee was established by the founder: — for a knight's son, 5s.; an esquire's, 
3s. ; a gentleman's, 2s. ; a yeoman's, Is. Gd. ; a husbandman's, Is. The property belonging 
to this school rented in 1837 for 110/. Gs. 4d. He was knighted previously to September, 
162o. In that year lie established a hospital for a master and ten poor children at Fosdykc : 
the rents annually accruing to this charity amounted in 1S37 to 171/. He also established 
other charities, still in operation. Ilis will was dated Sept. 27, 1625.— Thompson's History 
of Boston.— (Editor of Register.] 



136 Boston, Eng., and Jofm Cotton in 1621. [April, 

David Lewys, but this examinant could not find him, and soe this examin- 
ant delivered the lett" back to M r Pury againe. 

[No signature in' copy.] 

TVm. Jinkinson of Boston Aldeima saith that he being lately Maior of 
Boston caused the maces to be made in Michelm day, 1619, w th the crosses 
as they nowe« are, and this examinant used them but one day after for that 
he lay sick and lame of the gout untill the midst of March aft r and then 
because some objected against him, that he made them for his owne vayn 
glory, he did forbeare to use them aft r (and for noe other cause) untill May 
day when he left his place and a newe maior entered the place he saith that 
the topps of the crosses were defaced about Candlemas last but he knoweth not 
by whom or by whose means, but he knoweth well, that M r Middlecote was 
much offended thereat and he caused them to be amended againe as soon 
as the goldsmith cao holme. 

TVm. Jenkins on. 

The evidence of the town-clerk, Mr. Thomas Cony, 1 is equally 
interesting, because it clears entirely Mr. Cotton of any complicity, 
either with the offence itself, or with any sympathy with the motives 
that might be supposed to lead to it. 

Thomas Conny of Bosto aforesd gent Townclerk ther being examined 
by me the day and yeer aforesaid saith : That he hath herd that the crosses 
on the two maces usually carried before the Maior of Boston were in hellary 
terme last cutt of: this examinant being then at the terme at London and 
soe cann not tell who cutt or broke them of, nor could ever lerne since who 
did it or p'cured it to be done. But he saith that aft r his retourne holme, 
he hearing a report of what had bee done, and hearing that one David 
Lewys was gone up to London w th a p r pose to complaine to his Ma ty of this 
misdeameno r . he this examinant being desirous to make peace, the rather 
for that the succeeding Maior was this examinants father in lawe he of his 
owne mind w th out the privity of any other man moved M r Bennet the 
customer at Boston about a lett r to be sent to Lewys to dissuade him fro 
such complaint and he inclining therunto, this examinant did drawe a letter 
to be sent to the said Lewys, and M r Docto r Worship, M r D r Browne, M r 
Bennet and M r Barfotte did subscribe ther names thereto and this examinant 
sent the same to Lewys but it cae not to his hande because he was coe out 
of Londo before the messenger was coe theather : he saith further that the 
vicar of the towne M r Cotton of this examinants knowledge did condemne 
the doing of the said fact and he never herd any one speak in justification 
of it : and M r Cotton said in this examinants hearing that they might as 
well refuse the kings coyne because crosses were on it, as forbidd the crosses 

1 " The Coneys were a very ancient and rcspcctaltlc family, and were settled in Kirton, 
Frampton and Boston, early in the 16th century. Thomas Coney was buried in Kirton in 
1569, and Roger Coney in" Frampton in 1572. Thomas Coney was steward of Boston in 
1613, in which year he officiated as town-clerk for Sir Thomas Middlccott, during the 
mayoralty of the hitter. Mr. Coney was appointed town-clerk in 1G20; resigned in 1647, 
and died July 31, 1619; and his son John succeeded him as town-clerk. He was much 
employed in the business of the town and corporation. He married Mary, sister of John 
Cotton, in 1618, and their son John was born in 1619. The Coney family intermarried 
with the Meares, of Kirton, in 1.587, with the Tunnard family in the same year, with the 
Robinsons in 1588, the Purycs in 15S9, the Hawkrcds of Bo.-ton in 1624, and the Michells and 
"Westlands of Boston in 1645." — (Thompson's History of Boston.) The name is found in 
the United States.- -[Editor of Register.] 



1874.] Boston, Eng.> and John Cotton in 1621. 137 

and therefore this examinant is p'suaded that M r Cotton never did conyv 
[connive] at the cutting of thos crosses. 

Tno: Cony. 1 

The truth is that, whatever Mr. Cotton's 1 opinions might have been 
after lie settled in America, he was by no means a rigid non-conform- 
ist at this time ; nor was the parish of Boston, though manifestly a 
very religious one, so decidedly puritan as lias often been represented. 
There is a letter of Mr. Cotton's, written about two years after these 
proceedings, which throws considerable light upon his own feelings, 
and also those of the parishioners. It reflects the greatest honor 
both upon the bishop of the diocese, to whom it was addressed, and 
on the head and heart of the writer. It has a bearing upon the 
subject of this paper. 

[John Cotton to Bishop Williams.] 

Boston, January 31, 1C24. 
My honourable and very good Lord, 

As your Lordship hath dealt honourably and frankly with me, so might I 
justly be esteemed impiously ungrateful if I should deal otherwise than 
ingenuously and honestly with your Lordship. When my case came before 
your Lordship, your Lordship wisely and truly discerned that my forbear- 
ance of the ceremonies was not wilful refusal of conformity, but from some 
doubt in my judgment (which I confess is very shallow) and from some 
scruple in conscience, which is weak. And, therefore, upon mine humble 
and instant petition, your Lordship was pleased, in much goodness, to grant 
me time to consider further of those things, for my better satisfaction. 
Your Lordship's gentleness hath not since bred in me any obstinacy in 
mine own opinion, much less emboldened me to depart from the received 
judgment and practice of the Church in any point. The point of kneeling 
in recieving the holy Communion was no less doubtful to me (if not more) 
in the days of your Lordship's predecessor, than it is now. His Lordship 
knoweth that in Westminster, by his commandment, I propounded my 
doubts about it before himself and the Reverend and Learned Bishop of 
Salisbury, that now is. Unto whom I did open myself, out of deep desire 
to help myself by their deeper judgments, that my Lord, discerning my 
simplicity, became (as I conceived it) the more favourable and willing, not 
only to bear with me but also to give some way to my restitution [illegible]. 
I humbly beseech your Lordship, think not that I have so abused your 
Lordship's patience, as to harden myself by your Lordship's lenity. 
No, I assure your Lordship, out of an unfeigned desire to im- 
prove your Lordship's gentleness to mine own peace and the Church's 
satisfaction, I have thus far gained (what by conference, what by study, 
what by seeking unto God) as of late to see the iveakness of some of these 
grounds against kneeling which before I esteemed too strong for me to 

1 In regard to the Cotton family, see Register, ante, i., iv., vii., ix. ; and Heraldic 
Journal, iv. (No. xxii.), where will be found a pedigree prepared by the late II. G. 
Somerby, Esq., for the Hon. Caleb dishing, our present minister to Spain. For sketches 
of tho life of John Cotton, and letters, &c., from him, see Hutchinson Papers; Magnalia, 
bk. 3. C. 1; Norton's Life and Death of John Cotton; M'Olure's Life of Cotton (Chief 
Fathers of New-England, i.), and Thompson's History of Boston, ling. v A complete and 
candid memoir of Juhn Cotton is a desideratum. — [Editoh.] 
VOL. XXIX. 13 



138 Boston, Eng., and Jofm Cotton in 1621. [April, 

dissolve. The experience or the failing of my judgement (in some of these 
things) maketh me the more suspect it in other arguments and grounds of 
a like nature. Besides I shall never forget what your Lordship gravely 
and wisely once said to me — " The ceremonies I doubted of were nowhere 
expressly forbidden in Scripture : the arguments brought against them 
were but by consequence deduced from Scripture : deduction of consequences 
was a work of the judgment : other men's judgment (so many, so learned, 
so godly) why should I not conceive ? did as infallibly deduce just conse- 
quences to allow these things as mine own to doubt of them." Alas, alas (my 
dear Lord), I see, by often experience, the shallowness of my own judg- 
ment, especially in comparison of many centuries of godly learned men, 
who doubt not of the lawful liberty of these ceremonies, especially of this 
gesture. Their consent therein doth further strongly persuade me to sus- 
pect the motions of my own mind, when I see myself in any thing to de- 
part from the received judgement of so many reverend fathers and brethren 
in the Church, whom I do not only highly reverence, but admire. I see it is 
commonly a palsy distemper in any member of the body when it is carried 
by a motion different from the rule of the rest of the members, and I justly 
suspect that spirit in myself, or in another that breatheth a notion different 
from the rest of the members of a body of the Church of God. 

Thus may your Lordship perceive how little your Lordship's forbear- 
ance of mo hath hitherto stiffened me in any private conceit. And though 
it hath been suggested to your Lordship (as I hear) that it hath embolden- 
ed our parish to inconformity, and induced others to come from other 
parishes, to communicate with us in like liberty ; yet surely your Lordship 
hath done honourably, and Christianly, and well beseeming the equity of 
your high and honorable court, not to give credit to such a suggestion till 
your Lordship hath inquired and heard our answer. The truth is, the cere- 
monies of the ring in marriage, and standing at the creed, are usually per- 
formed by myself; and all the other ceremonies of surplices, cross in 
Baptism, kneeling at the Communion, are frequently used by my fellow- 
minister in our church, and that without disturbance of the people. The 
people on Sabbaths, and sundry other festival days, do very diligently and 
thoroughly frequent the public prayers of the Church, appointed by autho- 
rity, in the Book of Common Prayer. Neither do I think that any of 
them ordinarily (unless it be upon just occasion of other business) absenteth 
himself. It is true, indeed, that, in receiving the Communion, sundry of 
them do not kneel, but as I conceive it, and as they express themselves, it 
is not out of scruple of conscience, but from the multitude of communicants, 
who often so throng one another in this great congregation, that they can 
hardly stand (much less kneel), one by another. Such as do forbear kneel- 
ing out of any doubt of conscience, I know not : how very few they be, I 
am sure, in comparison, nulllus numeri. That divers others come from other 
parishes for that purpose, to receive without kneeling, is utterly unknown to 
me, and (I am persuaded) utterly untrue. All the neighbouring parishes 
round about — ministers and people — are wholly conformable. Once, indeed 
(as I heard), one of the inhabitants of our neighbouring parish, corning to 
visit his wife (who then nursed a gentleman's child in our town) did hero 
communicate with us ; and whether from his not kneeling or from some fur- 
ther cause, I know not ; but (as I heard) the court being informed of him, 
did proceed severely against him. But otherwise the man (as I have since 
been certified) hath always used to receive kneeling both before and since. 
Yet his case being further bruited abroad, when well known might easily breed 



1874.] Boston, Eng., and John Cotton in 1621. 139 

such a suspicion and afterwards a report, which in time might come to your 
Lordship's ears, that divers did come from other parishes to us for this pur- 
pose, to receive inconformably. But your Lordship is wise, easily discern- 
ing between a report and evidences. 

Let me, therefore, humbly entreat your Lordship, in the bowels of Christ 
Jesus, since your Lordship truly hath hitherto neither hardened me in any 
self-conceited obstinacy, nor wrought any prejudice either to your Lordship 
or to the Church of God ; that your Lordship will, therefore, be pleased to 
allow me yet further time for be- ter consideration of such doubts as yet re- 
main behind; that, if, upon furthei search, I can find them too weak to de- 
tain me, as I have done the former, I may then satisfy your Lordship's 
desire and expectation. If otherwise, — yet I trust your Lordship shall 
ever find me (by the help of God) a peaceable and (to my best endeavour, 
according to my weak abilities) a serviceable member of the Church of 
God. 

I dare not presume with more words to press your Lordship, whom the 
weight of so many important affairs doth press continually. The Lord of 
Heaven and earth give me still to find favor in y r eyes. And ever He 
prosper y r Lordship with long life and happiness, and favour with God and 
man. 

So, humbly craving pardon for my great boldness, I desire leave to rest 
Your Lordship's exceedingly much bounden orator, 

John Cotton. 

If time permitted, and this were a fitting occasion, it would be 
easy to deduce many interesting inferences from this beautiful and 
touching letter of Mr. Cotton's, and the light which it throws upon 
the religious state of the parish at this period. My desire, however, 
is rather to direct attention to recorded facts, leaving inferences to 
be drawn by each reader for himself; and the object of this paper 
will be fully answered, if it tends in any degree to present to my 
fellow-townsmen and the members of this society a juster and 
clearer conception of this good old town in those eventful times, 
and proves, any charge to the contrary notwithstanding, that, while 
asserting, not it may be always wisely, but, as I believe, always 
manfully and conscientiously, its inalienable right to civil and reli- 
gious freedom, yet at the same time neither in the persons of its 
public officers, municipal or ecclesiastical, nor its inhabitants, could 
it be shown, after the strictest investigation, to have forgotten the 
exhortation : " Fear God. Honour the King." 



Compounders under Cromwell. If no mention has been made in the Register of 
" A Catalogue of the Lords, Knights and Gentlemen who have compounded for their 
estates with the Commonwealth " under Cromwell, a note of it would he of service 
to American genealogists, as it numbers about 2500 names alphabetically arranged. 
It is to he found in a book which is scarce if not rare, and which is entitled " His- 
torical Sketches of Charles the First, Cromwell, Charles the Second, and the Prin- 
cipal Personages of that Period, including the King's Trial and the Execution ; To 
which is annexed an account of the Sums exacted hy the Commonwealth from the 
Royalists and the names of all those who compounded for their Estates, with other 
Scarce Documents. Illustrated by fifty Lithographic Plates. ]>y \V. D. Fellowes, Esq. 
London : Printed for John Murray, Albemarle Street. To be had also in Paris of 
llobie and llingray, 14 Rue Richelieu. 18*28." w. j. i\ 



140 The Pilgrim Fathers of JSFazing. [April, 



THE PILGEIM FATHERS OF NAZIXG. 1 

Communicated by "W. Winters, Esq., of Waltham Abbey, Essex, England. 

11HE original founders of New-England, "that gem of the great 
- nation " which subsequently spread itself so rapidly over the half 
of a continent, were generally of English birth and descent. Col. J. 
L. Chester has collected as many as five hundred names of Essex 
men who were technically made freemen of the colony of Massachu- 
setts Bay between the years 1G31 and 1641. These men were for 
the most part heads of families, representing much of the real strength 
of the colony. 2 

The rural village of Nazing, "the home" (as it has been called by 
an American author) "of our fathers, around which were clustered 
the affections and remembrances of their youth," comprises the north- 
west corner of Waltham half-hundred. There is a peculiar feature 
about this quiet little village and its surroundings, which is strictly 
characteristic of the many rustic homesteads and picturesque spots 
for which Old-England is so noted. One might imagine, from the 
great number of gable-fronted cottages, with low thatched roofs and 
overhanging eaves, that abound in Nazing 3 upland especially, and 
the distance it lies from any line of rail, that it had undergone but 
little change during the past three hundred years. The old parish 
church is situated on the side of a hill overlooking parts of Hert- 
fordshire and Middlesex : bounded on the west by the river Lee, and 
on the east and south by Waltham Abbey and Epping. The ac- 
companying view of the church 4 represents the building as it ap- 
peared when the emigrant fathers worshipped within its old grey walls. 
It consists of a chancel, nave and north aisle, with a square embattled 
tower containing five bells. The body and aisle are divided by four 
pointed arches rising on circular clustered columns ; behind the first 
column, which is apparently hollow, is a small door leading by a 
narrow winding stairs to an aperture in front of the chancel, suf- 
ficiently large to exhibit a person nearly at full length to the con- 
gregation. This was no doubt the entrance into the rood loft ; but 
whether this was originally intended as a place of penance is not 
certainly known. It is evident, however, that at no very remote 
period it was used for purposes of general thanksgiving, as on a wood- 

1 The Rkgisteu received this paper through the hands of Mr. W. H. Whitmore. In a note 
to the same Mr. Winters says that lie has a MS. history of Nazing collected from old MS. 
parish-registers of the place and from the British Museum, which he will publish if a suf- 
ficient number of subscribers can be obtained, lie adds that he has in hand a history of 
"Waltham Abbey which he intends to publish in parts as soon as possible. — [Editor.] 

4 Trans. Essex Arch. Soc, iii. pt. 2. 

3 The name is derived from the Saxon Nare or Xicrc, a nose or promontory, and int, a 
■meadow or pasture. 

4 Mr. Wiuters's communication is illustrated with a drawing of the church.— [Editor.] 



1874.] The Pilgrim Fathers of Hazing, 141 

en tablet beneath the aperture is inscribed the cxvi. Psalm : "I will 
Pay my Vows unto the Lord in the sight of all his People." 

This church was appropriated by King Harold to his then newly 
founded church in Waltham, and was first supplied by the canons of 
Waltham or by persons appointed by them. The vicarage occurs 
among the small benefices in the taxation of Nicholas IV. in 1291, 
and was valued at 30s. The abbots and convent of Waltham 
remained patrons of the vicarage till the dissolution of the abbey 
temp. Hen. VIII. 

The interior of the church has undergone a slight change. The 

O DO 

old oak seats, which were carved at the ends with a variety of gro- 
tesque characters, were about three months ago cleared out, with the 
exception of about five of the best of them, which have since been 
rcfixed at the east end of the side aisle. These scats date back to 
the time of James the First. There are a goodly number of fine 
mural stones in the church, chiefly to the memory of several branches 
of the Palmer family, who have been connected with the parish for 
more than two centuries. A member of this notable family is now 
living in Nazing, namely, Lieut. Col. George Palmer, one of the 
verderers of the ancient forest of Waltham, ecc. 

The parish registers of Nazing, which yield many an important 
item in connection with the emigrant fathers, commence in the year 
1559. John Hopkins was then vicar. In 1570 he was deprived of 
his living, as I suppose, for nonconformity. Richard Ferian seems 
to have been curate with Hopkins, as his name is mentioned in the 
register as early as 1559. The first register-book is headed with the 
following text of Scripture : "O Lord increase our faith." This old 
parchment volume has afforded mc great pleasure in ruminating 
through it. By the kind permission of the vicar, I have culled out 
a few quaint entries which arc very amusing. The brief history of 
each individual is summed up thus : 

1580, " Nicholas, a vagrant woman child," Christened Jan. 15. 

1593, " William ffoxo nursechihl," Buried Nov. 7. 

1599, " A wandering woman," Buried Sept. 2. 

1G01, "A wandering boye," Buried Jan. 19. 

1C04, " Phebe, a bastard," Christened, . . . April. 

1C05, " Ed. a young child," Buried 

Beside these curious entries, there are in the same volume, several 
names of persons who helped to establish new colonies and promote 
the interest of the new world of liberty, in the mirky days of king 
Charles the First. Such names have now become familiar to most of 
the descendants of early American settlers ; although they may have 
long been forgotten by the old resident families of Nazing. The 
names of Eliot, liuggles, Curtis, Pay son, Peacock, Graves, Heath 
and others are carefully embalmed in the old records of Nazing 

vol. xxix. 13* 



142 The Pilgrim Fathers of Nazing. [April, 

parisli-clmrcli ; also those of Shelly and Brazier, which two at pre- 
sent I am unable to connect with the New-England settlers. 

In the year 1631, the ship "Lion" (master, William Pierce) left 
the shores of England with the first batch of Nazing pilgrims on 
board. John Eliot, the celebrated " apostle to the Indians," was 
there, with William Curtis and Sarah his wife, and children, in com- 
pany with the wife of Governor Winthrop who came from another 
part. They were ten weeks on the water. The same ship speedily 
returned for another cargo of precious souls. In the summer of 1032 
she left the Thames once more for Boston, N.E., having among her 
passengers several Nazing worthies. William Heath and his wife 
and children were on the roll. Isaac the elder brother of William 
did not quit Nazing till 1635. Early in 1633 John Graves, with his 
beloved wife and five children, left the land of their nativity for the 
shores of New-England. In 1635 they were followed by a strong 
muster of Nazing christians. 1 They were "transported to New- 
England, imbarqued in the Hopewell, master Win. Burdick." They 
took "the oath of allegiance and supremacy per certificate from 
Stansted Abby there." Robert Ballard was the then vicar of the 
parish of Stanstead Abbots. The ship "Planter" sailed the same 
year with a number of emigrants from St. Albans, but I have not 
discovered that there were any among them from Nazing. 

An American writer mentions the fact that there are several pas- 
sages in the apostle's records 2 of singular interest, "being the only in- 
dication of the locality (Nazing) of the colonists in England which 
has been preserved to us. They reflect a few scanty rays of light 
back through more than two centuries to the village church of Na- 
zing, where were 'many of the church enjoying society together,' 
and gathering courage for the dark voyage across the Atlantic and the 
untried perils of the western wilds, driven away by the illiberal and 
unwise counsels of Archbishop Laud, whose memory, though he was 
a patron of learning, has little claim to the respect of those who wish 
well to the cause of religion and humanity." 

John Eliot records the death of two of the company (Graves and 
Buggies) which occurred in the November of 1644 : "These two 
break the knot first of the Nazing Christians. I meanc they first 
dyed of those Christians y 1 came from y i towne in England." These 
Nazing pilgrims left England, as has been stated, not in one com- 
pany, but at different times, when they could best escape. "It is 
certain," says Mr. J. W. Thornton, "that one of them did not arrive 
till the 3 r ear 1637, and they probably continued to come as late as 
1640, during a period of at least nine years. Their wills and other 
legal instruments show that they were to a considerable extent con- 
nected by family ties and relationships in England, which rendered 

1 Historical and Genealogical Reo-ist™, xiv. (Oct.) 

' 2 The records of the First Church in Roxhurv, containing the valuable records of the 
Apostle E'.ior, as well us those of the other early ministers of that church, are now deposited 
with the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society.— [Editou.] 



1 874.] The Pilgrim Fathers 6f Nazing. 143 

it probable that Nazing may have been the place of their origin and 
not merely a temporary residence." 

Col. J. L. Chester informs us that " these were the men with many 
others out of the same county, to whom what was afterwards a great 
Republic owed its first existence : brave Englishmen who took their 
lives in their hands and faced with dauntless courage all the certain 
dangers and uncertain terrors of the enterprise to which they had 
committed themselves. The moss-grown tombstones in every neigh- 
boring church-yard, and the old parish registers, reveal these names 
at every step and on every leaf, and it is almost exclusively to these 
that the American genealogist can appeal with any hope of success." 1 

I have in my collection of local documents, several relating to the 
parish of Nazing ; one of which is a perfect original list of " all the 
coppieholders and freeholders belonging to this manno r of Nasing this 
twelfe of January 1637." In it appears the names of Shelly (Trott, 
Palmer), Curtis, Brasier, Graves, Payson, Peacock, Camp and other 
relatives of the New-England fathers. Most of these appear to have 
been men of substance. 1 have also several curious accounts of 
"Pains and Amerciaments" imposed by the Nazing "Jury," as early 
as 1614. In one, of the date of 1625, is the name of Robert Graves. 
In a later one I find the names of "John Payson at the Berry," and 
George Curtis, who were to be fined " V s apecce yf they doe not 
mende yt (the fence) betwene this and day of July next." 

Several of the Nazing families already alluded to were relatively 
connected, doubtless, with those of the same name living in the ad- 
joining parish of Waltham Abbey, in which place I am particularly 
interested, having been for several years past engaged in collecting 
materials for a large history of the parish. 

The parish-register of Waltham Abbey contains several correspond- 
ing names with those who emigrated to New-England between the 
years 1631 and 1641, but I have not as yet been able to identify any 
of them witli the early settlers of New-England. I should be glad, 
however, to hear anything relating to William Brett, who went from 
Waltham Abbey to Virginia in the reign of James I. The following 
family of Eliots is taken from the parish-register of Waltham : 

1573, July 5 Margaret ellyot the daughter of John ellyot. Bur. 

1581, Aprill 28. ffrancis Eliot sonn of John eliot. Bur. 

1585, Aprill ii Martha Eliot daughter of John Eliot. Bapt. 

1588, Julye 14 Elizabeth Elyat daughter of John Elyat. Bur. 

1589-90 Jan. 11, Margaret Ellyot the wyfe of John Ellyet. Bur. 

1590 June 2 John Ellct yeoman was buryed. 

1590 Augst. 7 John Ellet was buryed. 

1591-2 Jan. 13 Boger Elyot and Catharyne Campe 3 was married. 

1G08. Aprill 4 Roger Eliot Buried. 

1G19 May 13 ffardinando Elliot and widdow Lee marr. 

The annexed is a genealogical sketch of the Eliot family of Kox- 
well and Nazing. 

1 Trans. Essex Arch, Soc, iii. (18G4). 2 Tho Camps wero of Nftzing. 



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146 The Early Ilistony of Bollis, XT. II. [April, 



EARLY HISTORY OF IIOLLIS, N. IT. 



AND THE MANNER OF PROVIDING IT. 

By the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester, of Nashua, N. H. 
[Continued from page GO.] 

THE new parish had no settled minister till the spring of 1743, — 
more than three years after the date of the charter. In the mean 
time the inhabitants had manifested a very commendable zeal in their 
efforts to comply with the laws in respect to the support of the 
ministry. At their first parish meeting, as we have seen, a com- 
mittee was chosen " to provide Preaching till the following March." 
In the month last named, " Samuel Cummings and Eleazer Flagg " 
were commissioned " to provide Preaching and Entertainment for the 
minister for the next three months." In July, 1741, it was "voted 
that Abraham Taylor and Peter Powers have the non-resident money 
for the current year to pay Mr. Underwood and Mr. Towle * * * 
and to procure Preaching till the first of January next, if the 
money shall hold out." In September, 1741, the first article in the 
warrant for a meeting then held, was " to see whether it be the minds 
of the People to do any thing towards the Bringing forward the 
Settling of a Larned and Orther Dox Minister in this Parish." And 
in February, 1742, it was "Voted That any Person who shall here- 
after Entertain any Minister for this Parish shall have paid to him 
Eight Shillings for one Sabbath day and 20 8 a Week if he stay longer." 

DOINGS OF THE PARISH PREPARATORY TO THE SETTLEMENT OF 
THE FIRST MINISTER. 

At a parish meeting held in October, 1741, before it was publicly 
known that any part of the town of Old Dunstable was on the wrong 
side of the province line, it was voted, 

1st. "That Stephen Harris, Abraham Taylor & Peter Powers be joyned 
in Committee with Benjamin Farley and Samuel Cummings to take some 
proper Measures to bring forward the settling of a Larned and Orther Dox 
Minister in this Parish as soon as conveniency will alow." 

2d. " That said Committee be directed to observe the following instruc- 
tions, viz., That they wait upon the Rev. Mr. Trobridge, Mr. Hemmingway, 
and the Rev. Mr. Bliss and Mr. Swan and desire their assistance in keeping 
and solemnizing a Day of Fasting and Prayer in this Parish and Seeking 
the Direction of Heaven in the affair." 

3d. " That said Committee should make their Address to said Ministers 
for their Advice and Direction what Ministers to apply ourselves too to 
Preach with us on Probation." 



1874.] The Early History of llollis, JST. II. 147 

At a parish meeting December 28, 1741, among the accounts pre- 
sented and allowed were the following : 

" Voted to alow Abraham Taylor — 

" For Entertaining Ministers at the Fast £3. 00 9 . d . 

" For Entertaining Ministers Five Sabbaths £2. 00\ d ." 

The warrant for this meeting was the last in which the words " Mid- 
dlesex ss." were written in the top margin. It soon became known 
to them that the parish of West Dunstable was not in the county of 
Middlesex, that their charter, as a legal instrument, was worthless, 
and that there was no law by which the minority of the inhabitants 
could be bound by the votes of a majority. Embarrassed by the 
decision in respect to the new line and the loss of their charter, our 
ancestors did not falter in their effort to bring forward and settle a 
"Earned and Orther Dox Minister." With this end, with others in 
view, the inhabitants, as we have said before, met in February, 1742, 
and petitioned the general court of New-Hampshire for a township 
charter. No other public meeting of the inhabitants was held till the 
17th of January, 1743, near a year after, when they came together 
by common consent, and by mutual agreement in their personal and 
individual capacity, invited the lvev. Daniel Emerson, the candidate 
of their choice, to become their minister. As I think the proceed- 
ings of this meeting and of that which next followed, cannot fail to 
interest others as well as myself, I have taken the pains to transcribe 
the substance of them from the record. 

THE CALL OF THE SOCIETY, ANSWER OF THE CANDIDATE, TIIS 

SETTLEMENT AND SALARY, 

AND THE WAYS AND MEANS OF PROVIDING IT. 

" Att a meeting of the Inhabitants of the West Parish in Dunstable 
regularly assembled January 17. 1712. 3. Abraham Taylor chosen 
Moderator. 

" Unanimously voted and chose Mr Daniel Emerson for their Gospel 
Minister to take the Pastoral care of the Flock of Christ in said Place. 
Also 

" Unanimously voted and agreed to give said Mr Emerson (on condition 
of his acceptance) for and toward his Settlement £400. common currency 
or £100. of the Massachusetts last Emition. Also 

" Unanimously voted to give said Minister for his yearly Sallary, During 
. his Ministry in said Place such a certain sum of Bills of Credit as will be 
equal to fifty Pounds of the Massachusetts last Emition (new). Also 

" Voted to give Thirty Cords of Fire Wood, Cord Wood Length att said 
Ministers Door yearly. Also 

" Voted and chose Abraham Taylor, Samuel Brown, Enoch Hunt, Eleazcr 
Flagg, Samuel Cummings, Peter Powers, William Colburn, Stephen Harris 
and Pobert Blood to wait upon said Mr Emerson and communicate unto 
him the minds and Proposals of said Parish and desire his answer thereiu 
in convenient time. 



148 



The Early History \of Ilollis, JV. II. 



[April, 



" In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands the Day above 
said." 



Samuel Brown 
Abraham Taylor 
Enoch Hunt 
William Sliattuck 
William Colburn 
Stephen Harris 
Eleazer Flagg 
Benjamin Farley 
Jerahmael Cumings 
Samuel Cumings 
David Nevins 
Joshua Wright 
James Stewart 
Stephen Ames 
Robert Blood 



Benjn. Blanchard 
Zedekiah Drury 

Peter Powers 
Jonathan Danforth 
Samuel Farley 
William Adams 
Nicholas French 
Jerubbabel Kemp 
Peter Wheeler 
Josiah Brown 
William Blanchard 
Henry Barton 
Nathaniel Blood 
Elnathan Blood 

Makin 



David Lowell 
Thomas Nevins 
Thomas Patch 
Nathaniel Blodgett 
Moses Proctor 
John Brown 
Daniel Kendall 
Josiah Blood 
William Nevins 
Samuel Douglas 
Joseph McDaniell 
James McDaniell 
James Whitney 
Joseph Farley." 
o- in all 43 names. 



The parish committee were prompt in communicating the foregoing 
call to Mr. Emerson, and on the 4th of the following March a meet- 
ing was called to consider his answer, which was entered upon the 
record as follows : 

" To the Inhabitants of the West Parish in Dunstable " 
• " Whereas it has pleased the Great God (who has the Hearts of all men 
in his Hands) — to dispose and incline your Hearts to invite me to take the 
oversight of you and to Labour among you in Word and Doctrine as ap- 
pears by a vote preferred to me by the Committee, bearing date Jan. 17. 
1742. 3, I have from that time taken that important matter into the most 
close consideration and have asked the best advice and am (after many 
and great difficulties in the way) come to this conclusion without Hesi- 
tation viz.: 

"If you will full fill your Promis as to the £400. Settlement in old Tenor, 
only that the one part of it be in Forty Acres of Good Land, near and con- 
venient to the Meeting House, firmly and forever convaied to me, and the 
other Part to be paid in Bills of Publique credit within a year from the 

date of this Answer And that for my yearly Sallary you give me such 

a certain Sum of Bills of Publique credit yearly, as shall be equal to 150 

ounces of coined Silver, which is the sum you propose together with 

Thirty Cords of Wood Cord Wood Length delivered at my Door And 

after your Parish Town or District shall by the Providence of God be in- 
creased to the number of 100 Families (and not desired or expected till 
then) you make an addition to my yearly Sallary of Jive ounces of coined 
Silver per year till the same shall be equal to 200 Ounces of coined Silver 
— there to abide till the number of your Families arise to 150 — and then 
to Raise Five Ounces of Coined Silver per year till it arrives at 210 Ounces 
of Coined Silver — and there to abide and be no more, which is equal to £70. 
of the Massachusetts last Emition — Always expecting the Thirty Cords of 
Wood — And that these Several Sums or Sum be continued to me, so long 
as I continue a Ghospel Minister over you — Always and in an espetial 
manner expecting that you will be Helpers with me by Prayer 

" Now if these before mentioned conditions be freely and voluntarily acted 



1874.] The Early History of Jpollis, JV. H. 149 

on and secured to me — as you promist in the call — then I as freely and wil- 
lingly accept of the call and freely subscribe myself yours to serve in the 
work of the Ghospel Ministry During Life. 

" Dunstable West Precinct March ye 4th 1743. 

" Daniel Emerson." 

The Record continues, "It was thereupon Voted and agreed to accept 
the Terms Mr Emerson proposed in his answer bouth as to settlement and 
sallary — All so voted that Samuel Brown, Abraham Taylor, Peter Powers, 
Eleazer Flairir and Samuel Cummings be a committee to consult with Mr 
Emerson in the choice of a council." 

On the same day and at the same meeting, as it appears in the re- 
cord, a mutual additional agreement was entered into by the tax- 
payers, and signed by most of them, with a preamble setting forth 
the reasons that made this new agreement necessary, the important 
parts of which are as follow : 

" Whereas his majesty by the late determination of the Northern Bound- 
ary of the Massachusetts has left us the Subscribers, Inhabitants of the 
Westerly part of Dunstable out of the Province to which we always supposed 
we belonged, and under whose Laws we Exercised the Privileges of a 
Parish — but by the said determination it is supposed by some that said In- 
habitants are Disqualified to make any Act, Agreement or Determination 
by a majority of voters as they otherwise might have done that should be 
Effectual to compel Persons to pay their honest Proportion of all such Rates 
and necessary charges that shall arise in calling settling and maintaining a 
minister. 

" Now therefore that we may Enjoy the Benefit of the Ghospel ordinances 
amon<rst us we have come into the following agreement and obligation viz." 

The contract with Mr. Emerson is set forth in this new agree- 
ment, verbatim, and the record then continues as follows : 

" Allso agreed that in the Payment of the Ministers Settlement & Sallary 
the assessors hereafter to be chosen Proportion such a certain part thereof 
to each Pole that when the Remainder thereof shall be levied upon Each 
Persons Real and Personal Estate, agreeable to the Rules of the Massachu- 
setts Province, that the highest Payer upon Estates shall be equal to a 
single Pole " * * * * 

" To the Performance of the aforewriten agreement we hereby covenant 
and oblige ourselves, in the Penal sum of £100. till such times as this society 
be incorporated a distinct Town or Parish." 

Thirty-seven names were signed to this agreement, some of which 
were not upon the call. This agreement, as will be readily seen, 
was a voluntary compact, entered into by those who signed it as 
their best expedient for the lack of a town or parish charter. 

Some other matters suggested by this contract between Mr. 
Emerson and his society are worthy of a few passing remarks, as 
illustrating the law r s, customs and prevailing sentiments of the times, 
as well in civil as in church affairs. 

1st. It was agreed in this contract that the new minister for the pre- 
sent should receive for his yearly salary 150 ounces of coined silver, or 
vol. xxis. 14 



150 The Early History of Ilollis, JV. II. [April, 

their equal value in bills of public credit, the paper money of that 
day, and also 30 cords of wood. When the number of families in 
the society should reach 100, five ounces per year were to be added, 
till the salary should amount to 200 ounces, and it might afterwards 
be increased to 210 ounces. 

The oz. Troy, used in weighing the precious metals, contains 
480 grains. The American silver dollar contains 41 2^ of those 
grains, making the value of the oz. of silver coin $1.14: 150 oz. 
=$171 : 200 oz. =$228 : and 210 oz. =$239.40, in standard federal 
coin. 

Mr, Emerson was ordained April 20, 1743, and he continued a 
faithful, venerated and popular minister of that society till Nov. 27, 
1793, a period of more than fifty years, without a change, " or wish to 
change his place." At the latter date the Kev. Eli Smith, who had 
married his granddaughter, was settled as his colleague, Mr. Emer- 
son retaining one half of his salary till his decease, Sept. 30, 1801, 
at the age of 85 years. 

During that long period the salary of the minister, in accordance 
with the tenor of their contract, was assessed upon the inhabitants 
of the town at the annual March meetings, and always voted, so far 
as appears from the record, without dissent or opposition. As we 
have seen, in the acceptance of the proposals made to him by the 
society, Mr. Emerson closed his answer with the words, "Yours to 
serve in the work of the Ghospel ministry during life." T\ r e have, in 
the pastorate of Mr. Emerson, an apt illustration of what was under- 
stood by our ancestors 130 years ago, by the settlement of a minister 
in a country town in New-England, "during life." 

2d. We have seen that the society in their proposals to the candidate 
agreed to give him such a sum in bills of public credit, as would be 
ecpial to £50 of the "Massachusetts lastEmition." This Massachu- 
setts last emission was, at that date, the latest issue of paper money 
by that province, one pound of which, at that time, was worth 
£3.33 in coin, but like all paper money was very liable to depreci- 
ate. Not intending that the value of his pastoral services should 
depreciate, as paper money might, Mr. Emerson in accepting the 
call, with somewhat of worldly wisdom, not to say yankee shrewd- 
ness, took occasion to translate this £50 in paper money into its 
equivalent at the. time in hard cash. By this thoughtful caution, 
he secured to himself for the following fifty years and more, a fixed 
hard money basis for the value of his parochial duties, a basis ever 
afterwards respected by the people of the town. 

The variable and uncertain value of the paper money in use in 
New-Hampshire, as shown by the town records, from 1741 till near 
the revolutionary war, and also during that war, is the best com- 
mentary upon the caution and foresight of Mr. Emerson in making 
his contract as he did. The general court of Massachusetts first 
issued bills of credit, as money, in 1690, of which a fac simile is to 



1874.] The Early History of IMUs, JST. II. 151 

be found in the Historical Collections of that State for the year 18G3. 
In the year 1748 that province had its bills of credit in circulation, 
issued at different times, to the nominal amount of £2,200,000. 
These bills of credit at that time had so depreciated that £1 in silver 
was equal in value to £11 in paper. About that time this paper 
money was redeemed at that rate (eleven for one) in Spanish dol- 
lars, which had been received from England in payment of the 
services of the Massachusetts troops, at the siege and capture 
of Louisbourg, in 1745. But in New-Hampshire, from 1741 to 
1765, there appears to have been very little if any metallic money in 
use as a medium of exchange. As shown by the town records, the 
taxes for all purposes, during that period, were assessed and collected 
in some sort of paper money. Even the names by which the various 
kinds and issues of this currency were known at the time, are to 
most of the present generation an unsolved riddle. 

Among these names we shall find on the records : " manufactory 
bills," "Mass. old tenor," "N. II. old tenor," "Mass. new tenor," 
"N. II. new tenor," " Mass. new emission," " N. II. new emission," 
" lawful money," &c. &c. ; all apparently differing in value as well 
as in name. 

Prior to 17C0 the number of families in Mr. Emerson's society had 
not increased to one hundred, consequently he was not yet entitled to 
an increase of his salary beyond the value of 150 oz. of silver, or of 
that of the £50 of the Massachusetts last emission as it was at the 
time of his settlement. 

For the payment of this salary (equal as we have seen to $171 in 
federal money), we find that the inhabitants were assessed, in the 
years named below, the following sums in the paper money then in 
use. 1753, £777. 10 s . 6 d . O. T. 17G0,£404. 9 s . 8 d . Mass. O. T. 
1761, £415. 6*. N. II. N. Tenor. 17G3, £447. 15". G d . N. II. O. T. 
1770, £67. 13 s . "8 d . L. M. or silver money. In the year last named 
paper money appears to have gone wholly out of use. The like vari- 
ation in the value of this currency is shown in the prices fixed for the 30 
cords of wood to be furnished yearly to the minister. This wood 
was commonly assessed upon the tax payers from year to year in 
kind, each of them being required to furnish at the minister's door 
a certain number of feet. If not delivered at the time fixed by vote 
of the town, the delinquent was to pay for it at a price voted at the 
previous March meeting. The price of a cord of wood fixed in this 
way for different years, was : for 1748, £1. ; 1750, £2. 10\ ; 1760, 
£6. ; 1770, 3\ 6 J . lawful or silver money. 

3d. AVe shall also find, by examination of these records, that the 
mode of assessing taxes at that time, and the way in which they were 
apportioned between polls and estates, were radically different from 
our modern views and usages. 

We have seen, in the agreement entered into among them- 
selves by the members of Mr. Emerson's society, that by mutual 



152 The Early History oJ\ Hollis, JST. II. [April, 

consent they fixed upon a basis of taxation, as to polls and property, 
which, as stated in that instrument, M was agreeable to the rule of the 
Massachusetts province." This rule was to the effect, that the tax 
for the support of the minister should be so apportioned among 
such as had real and personal estate and those subject to a poll tax 
only, in such way that a single poll tax should be equal to the 
highest tax on property. In other words, the whole amount of the 
property tax of the richest man in the town, could be no more 
in amount than twice the poll tax of the poorest who was taxed 
at all. Under the law of Massachusetts, as wc have before seen, male 
persons were subject to a poll tax at sixteen, and the same law was 
at the time in force in New-Hampshire. 

In illustration of this rule of taxation, I will cite an example or 
two. The first tax after the ordination of Mr. Emerson was for 
£35, assessed to pay for the entertainment of the ordaining council. 
Of that sum, £27. G»., or more than three-fourths of it, were assessed 
upon 57 persons as a poll tax, and the balance, less than £8, upon 
property. 

The next tax was for £635. 9 8 . 6 d . for Mr. Emerson's settlement 
and salary for the first year. Of that sum, £418. 9 3 . G d . were assess- 
ed as a poll tax on 62 persons, or about two-thirds of the whole. 

As in taxes assessed for other purposes, so in those for support of 
the ministry, there was no law for the exemption of the person or 
property of any one except by vote of the town. The law in this 
respect appears to have been in full accord with popular sentiment, 
and the majority of the people were sufficiently tenacious of their 
legal rights under it. As an instance of public sentiment upon the 
question, we find that as late as 1785, Mr. Edward Spalding had an 
article inserted in the warrant for the annual March meeting : " To 
see if it were the minds of the people to exempt his estate from min- 
isterial tax, for the reason that he belonged to the Baptist denomina- 
tion. " This question being submitted to the meeting, " the minds 
of the people " found expression in the following clear and emphatic 
terms: " Voted, that the estate of Edward Spalding shall not be 
freed from minister's tax for the time past, present, or to come." 

[To bo continued.] 



TnE Grey Hound Tavern in Roxburt stood where now stands the heater-formed 
building on the corner of Washington and Warren streets. It was palled down 
about the time of the revolution, and had in it forty lire-places. Mr. Greighton 
[Greaton], who kept this house, was the grandfather of Miss Greighton now (1859) 
living in Jamaica Plain. None of the old people in Roxbury remember to have seen 
the tavern. — Col. John T. Heard's Address at the Dedication of Freemason's Hall, 



1874.] Ancient Willi 



ANCIENT WILLS. 

WILL OF SOLOMON GRANT. 
Communicated by the Hon. Richard A. Wheeler, of Stonington, Ct. 

IN THE name of God Amen the 8 th day of Sept. A.D. 1755. 
I Solomon Grant of Coventry in the County of Windham and Colony 
of Connecticut in New England, being about going in the expedition 
against Crown Point and also of perfect mind and memory, Thanks be 
given to God therefor, calling unto mind the mortality of my body, and 
knowing that is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this 
my last Will and Testament that is to say Principally and first of all, I 
give and recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it and my 
body 1 recommend to the earth to be buried in decent christian burial at the 
discretion of my Executor nothing doubting but at the general resurrection 
I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God, and as touching 
such worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life, 

I give, demise, and dispose of ye same in ye following manner and form* 

Imprimis. 

I give and devise unto my well beloved brother, Noah Grant, all and 
every part of my real estate during his natural life. At his decease I give 
the whole of said estate to my said brothers oldest son then surviving and 
at his decease to the next oldest male heir and so to be an estate entail in 
manner aforesaid successively from one generation to another to ye latest 
posterity. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my well beloved brother Adoniram 
Grant after my debts and funeral expenses are paid and also he paying 
what I shall hereafter bequeath the whole of my movable estate. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my well beloved sister Martha Price 
one hundred pounds in old tenor bills of credit to be paid out of my 
movable estate. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my well beloved brothers Benjamin and 
Elias Buell each of them twenty pounds in old tenor bills of credit to be 
paid out of my movable estate. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my well beloved sister Abigail Buell 
ten pounds in old tenor bills of credit to be paid out of my movable estate. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my well beloved brother Samuel Buell 
five pounds in old tenor bills of credit to be paid out of my movable estate. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto my well beloved sister Hannah Cimball 
five pounds in old tenor bills of credit to be paid out of my movable estate. 

Item — I give and bequeath unto the 2" (1 Society in Coventry aforesaid 
£200 in Old Tenor bills of credit for the use and benefit of ye School in 
said society to be paid out of my movable estate. 

All the above Legacies to be paid by my Executor after named within 
the space of one year after my decease. 

I do hereby constitute, make and ordain my well beloved brother 
Adoniram Grant to be my sole Executor of this my last Will and 
Testament and I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and disannull all and 
every other former Testaments, Legacies, Bequests and Executors by me 

VOL. XXIX. 14* 



154 Ancient Wills. [April, 

in any ways before named ratifying and confirming this and no other to be 
my last Will and Testament. 

In witness thereof I have thereunto set my hand and seal the day and 

year above written. 

Solomon Grant 1 [Seal.] 
Signed, sealed published 
pronounced and declared by ye said 
Solomon Grant as his last will and 
Testament in the presence of us yo Subscribers. 

Phineas Strong, Jr. 

Caleb Fairchild, 

Ozias Strong. 

[The foregoing was copied from the Probate Records for the District of 
Windham, May 31, 18G5, by me, JoriN S. Yeomans, 

of Columbia. 

The Inventory, dated March 16, 1757, and signed by Ebenezar 
Kingsbury, Jabez Edgarton and Elias Kingsbury, amounted to £884.10.7, 
of which £610 was real estate and £281.16.7 movable estate. 

J. S. Y.] 



WILL OF ROBERT CUTT. 

CommuniCcited by N. J. Herrick, Esq., of Alfred, Me. 

HIE last Will a d testament of Mr. Robert Cutt, though weake In body 
yet of perfect Memory, revoaking all former Wills, doe appoynt ordayne 
a d Constitute my'beloved wife Mary Cutt to be my soole executrix with my 
sonne Rich d Cutt, wholly to dispose of my estate Land 8 a d goods, with in 
doors a d with out, according as the laws of this jurisdiction doth provide, 
a d for the better performance where of, I doe request a d appoynt my beloved 
brothers, Mr John, a d Mr Rich d Cut, to bee the over seers of this my last 
will a d testament : as witness my hand seale this eighteenth day of June 1671 : 

Signed, sealed, Robert: Cut [Seal.] 

a d Delivered In ye p'sence of 

Josua Moodey This will of Mr Robert Cut above 

Edw: Rishworth. written owned by him this 18: of 

June 1674: before mee 

Edw: Rishworth Assote: 

The Deposition of Edw : Rishworth who conseiveth (that at y e same 
tyme w n Mr Robert Cutt owned this his Will as his last Will a d testament 
to bee his Act a d deede) hee was of disposed mind, 

Sworne 6th July 1674 before mee 

Tno : Clarke, Assistant : 
A true Coppy of this will with the acknowledgme 1 : a d attest yr unto 
transcribed a d Compared with the originall this 24: July: 1674: 

Pr Edw: Rishworth, R: Cor: 
[Clerk's Records York Co. Maine, 
Vol. iii. pp. 29.] 

1 Solomon Grant was a brother of Noah Grant, great-grandfather of President Grant. 
See ItEOisxEii, xxi. 175.— [Editor of Register] 



1874.] Marriages in Dover, JST. H., 1767-1787. 155 



MARRIAGES IN DOVER, N. II., FROM 17G7 TO 1787, BY 
JEREMY BELKNAP, D.D. 

Communicated by John R. Ham, M.D., of Dover. 
17G7. 

MAY 27. Richard Alley & Elizabeth Choate. 
July 7. Samuel Hodge & Hannah Gerrish. 
Dec. 10. Ebenezer Clements & Bridget Hanson. 
31. Enoch Chase & Joanna Balch. 

1768. 

Feb. 11. Benjamin Hanson & Sarah Conner. 
April 4. Samuel Heard & Elizabeth Kennicom. 
May 5. Aaron Roberts of Somersworth & Mary Hanson. 
June 10. Benjamin Odiorne of Portsmouth & Lilly Cochran of Berwick. 
July 14. Peaslee Morrill & Phebe Chatburn, both of Berwick. 

21. Daniel Wentworth & Dorcas Merry, both of Somersworth. 
Aug. 4. Samuel Ham & Sarah Morse of Berwick. 

31. James Libbey & Lydia Runnells. 
Sept. 28. Daniel Heard & Anna Wentworth. 

29. Clement Furnell of Durham & Dorcas Tucker. 
Dec. 19. Reuben Wentworth & Eleanor James of Somersworth. 

17G9. 
Jan. 2. Thomas Horn & Mary Willey. 
Feb. 2. William Hanson, Junr. & Mehetabcl Wingate. 
March 9. Paul Harford & Anne Balch. 

10. Nathaniel Ham & Bathsheba Hanson. 
April 3. John Cloutman &> Esther Howard of Barrington. 
24. Isaac Farewell & Mary Horn. 
May 9. George Watson & Elizabeth Gerrish. 
June 15. Ezekicl Hayes & Hannah Mooney. 

July 9. Jabez Smith & Hannah Caverley, both of Barrington. 
Aug. 2. Michael Cloudy of Portsmouth & Elizabeth Hartford. 

21. Samuel Nute & Phebe Pinkham. 
31. Samuel Hayes & Abigail Thomas. 

Sept. 14. Daniel Ilains '& Phebe Friend. 

Oct. 4. George Horn & Catharine Wooden. 
Nov. 19. Clement Pinkham of Madbury & Sarali Randal. 

22. James Butler of Berwick & Elizabeth Hartford. 

23. John Rendall & Abigail Twombly. 
23. Jethro Heard & Sarah Hartford. 

Dec'r. 3. Samuel Tibbetts, Jun r . of Wolfborough & Mary Emerson. 

1770. 
Jan. 3. Joseph Hayes & Margaret Brewster, both of Barrington. 
Feb. 1. Paul Kimball & Patience Horn. 
March 2. Daniel Fitzgerald & Elizabeth Allen, both of Kittery. 
10. John Cooley & Deborah Tibbetts, both of Wolfborough. 
April 3. Moses Brown of Portsmouth & Mary Young. 



156 Marriages in Dover, 2f. II , 1707-1787. [April, 

June 3. Elisha Shapleigh of Kittery & Eliz a Waldron. 
June 15. Zechariah Bunker & Sarah Been, both of Madbury. 

Aug. 21. Obadiah Parsons & Elizabeth Wigglesworth, both of Ipswich. 

Oct. 6. Elisha Kingsbury of York & Molly Go wen of Berwick. 

29. Tobias Warner of Portsm & Agnes Caldwell. 
Nov. 4. Samuel Smith of Durham & Deborah Randall of Madbury. 

22. Isaac Roberts & Abigail Rawlings. 

29. Ichabod Hayes of Rochester & Tamsen Hayes of Barrington. 
Dec. 0. Edmund Lambert of Portsmouth & Elizabeth Ilolden. 
31. Thomas Watson & Abigail I Ionic. 

1771. 

Jan. 17. John Gage, 3d, & Mary Canney. 

24. Anthony Hanson & Hannah Davis. 
Feb. 14. Clement Ham & Margaret Roberts. 

16. Vere Royse & Mary Bickford, both of Portsmouth. 

25. David Meder of Durham & Sarah Bean of Brentwood. 
28. Thomas Shannon & Lillias Watson. 

28. Ebenezer Horn of Rochester & Rebecca Pinkham. 

March 21. Ebenezer Ransom & Lydia Buzzell. 

20. Slmbell Mason of Kittery & Sarah Bridges of York. 

April 11. Thomas Cloutman & Sarah Oilman of Exeter. 

11. Eleazcr Davis & Sarah Cook, both of Madbury. 
14. Jeremiah Gray & Joanna Hill, both of Barrington. 
25. George Hanson, Jun r . & Judith Howard. 

May 23. Samuel Merrow of Rochester & Sarah Starbird. 
June 10. Moses Bickford & Priscilla Chick, both of Rochester. 

Aug. 1. Nathaniel Ham & Hannah Watson. 
Sept. 10. Philip Kellcy of Lee & Anne Daniels. 
Oct. 10. John Mc Daniel & Keziah Howard, both of Barrington. 

17. Dodavah Ham & Lydia Plummer of Madbury. 

17. Daniel Drew of Middleton & Hannah Layton of Rochester. 

20. Howard Henderson & Eliza Ham, both of Rochester. 
Nov. 14. Andrew Twomlly of Madbury & Lucy Young of Barrington. 
Dec. 31. Lemuel Ricker of Somers worth & Dorothy Nock. 

1772. 

Jan. 1. William Horn, Jun r . & Elizabeth Roberts. 

23. Jacob Hanson & Abigail Clements. 
March 2. Ebenezer Ham & Sarah Field. 

20. Ephraim Bickford & Sarah Bickford. 

April 1 6. Joseph Waldron & Tamasin Twombly. 

May 24. Benjamin Tuttle & Mary Hussey. 

June 15. William Brock of Somersworth & Betty Mason. 

25. Moses Whitehouse of Middletown & Betty Hanson. 

July 2. William Moore & Lucretia Wentworth, both of Somersworth. 

12. Stephen Austin & Abigail Saunders, both of Somersworth. 
Sept. 27. Thomas Thompson & Alice Watson, both of Durham. 

Oct. 11. Aaron Hayes of Nottingham & Susan Keating of Madbury. 
Nov. 23. John Brock & Bridget Hawsuni. 
Dec. 9. Nicholas Harford & Betty Varney. 

10. Joseph Atkinson, Esq., of Durham & Elizabeth Waldron. 

28. Tobias Jones of Durham & Eliza Hall of Madbury. 



1874.] Marriages in Dover, 1ST. Jl, 1767-1787. 157 

1773. 
Jan. 2. Simon Lord & Polly Nichols, both of Kittery. 
March 18. Joseph Field of Falmouth & Elizabeth Hanson. 
25. Daniel Rogers of Durham & Elizabeth Hawkins. 
April 29. Ephraim Evans & Sarah Morse. 

May 5. George Horn & Mary Gerrish. 
June 24. Jacob Daniels of Barrington & Dolly Tibbetts. 
Aug. 19. Ebeu r Jackson & Dorothy Leighton, both of Barrington. 

2G. Samuel Hall & Bridget Gilman, both of East Town. 
Sept. 23. Ephraim Kimball & Hannah Emerson of Madbury. 

23. Abner Hodgdon & Sarah Dam, both of Rochester. 
Oct. 5. Asa Ricker & Abigail Rollins, both of Rochester. 

25. Richard Waldron & Betty Clements. 
Nov. 11. Timothy Young & Lydia Demerritt, both of Madbury. 
1 5. Jonathan Door & Eunice Downs. 

24. Andrew Lucas of Wolf borough & Mary Rogers of the Gore. 
Dec. 1. Frederick Mordant Bell & Eliz a Gage. 

30. Benjamin Titcomb & Hannah Hanson. 

1774. 
Jan. 3. Enoch Jackson of Durham & Eunice Tuttle. 

13. John Remick & Susanna Perkins. 
March 10. Eliphalet Coffin & Patience Evans. 

31. Isaac Watson & Mary Hogg. 

April 10. Edward Brown & Anna Geer, both of Barrington. 

14. John Whitehouse & Susanna Richard. 
Aug. 7. Robert Rogers of Durham & Rose Hanson. 

Sept. 17. Ezekiel Perkins & Margaret Currell of Berwick. 

Oct. 13. William Horn of Somersworth & Sarah Welland. 

27. Paul Horn & Hannah Smith. 

Dec. 20. John Costelloe & Lydia Lord of Berwick. 

25. Jacob Garland & Mary Runnels. 

2G. Richard, negro servant to Mark Hunking, Esq., of Barrington, 
& Julia, negro servant to Stephen Evans, Esq., — by consent 
of their respective masters. 

1775. 

March 14. Heard Roberts & Mary Watson. 

19. John Scribner of Wakefield & Peniel Hall. 
April 4. Stephen Young of Barrington & Kezia Hanson of Madbury. 
13. Samuel Roberts & Sarah Wentworth, both of Somersworth. 
10. Thomas llamick & Deborah Carpenter, both of Somers- 
worth. 
Juno 19. Jonathan Stevens of Wells & Patience Horn. 
July 22. Samuel Wallingford of Somersworth & Lydia Baker. 
Aug. 10. John Tibbetts, Juu r . & Lydia Gerrish. 

12. John Russell of Andover & Sarah Titcomb. 
24. Jacob Clark & Mary Ricker. 
Sept. 28. Mark Lord of Berwick & Oliver Underwood of Kittery. 

Oct. 9. Gideon Walker of Berwick & Abigail Bunker. 
Nov. 5. Duncan Campbell & Sarah Young. 

23. Thomas Layton & Mary Horn, both of Somersworth. 



158 English Captives in Canada. [April, 

1776. 
Jan. 4. George, negro servant to Benj. Evans', & Phillis, negro servant 
to Solomon Emerson, Esq. 
March 10. Moses Hodgdon & Sarah Caldwell. 
12. Winthrop Watson & Mary Horn. 
21. Pumphrey Downs & Ruth Medar. 

24. Timothy Cars well of North wood & Rose Tuttle. 
April 11. Aaron Downs of Rochester & Margaret Willey. 

21. Ebenezer Bickford of New Dunham & Susanna Cook of Mad- 

bury. 

25. Daniel Nute & Lucy Tuttle. 

June 10. Gersham Richer & Anna Garland of Somersworth. 

17. Archibald Campbell & Deborah Young. 
July 9. David Ham & Hannah Runnels. 

18. Aaron Hayes & Deborah Wingate of Madbury. 
Aug. 15. Charles Whitehouse & Eliz a Whitehouse. 

28. Robert Rogers of Durham & Sarah Evans. 

From this date to January 19, 178G, see vol. xxv. of the Register. 
178G. 

Jan. 19. Solomon Lowd* & Sarah Heard. 

Feb. 9. James Watson & Hannah Guppy. 

April 7. Joseph Evans & Elizabeth Waldron. 
June 21. Thomas Varney, Jun r . & Thomas Roberts. 

22. John Heard, Jun r . & Abigail Waldron. 



ENGLISH CAPTIVES IN CANADA. 

By William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 

A GENEALOGICAL dictionary of Canadian families' has re- 
cently been published. 
Till we chanced to pick up this volume, at the Boston Athenaeum, 
we had no idea that there was a "Savage's Dictionary" for Canada. 
But here it certainly is, one large volume, embracing almost the 
same period as our New-England work. It is apparently well done, 
too, the smaller number of persons and the omission of long 
biographical and critical essays allowing each head of a family to 
have a separate paragraph. The work comprises an introduction, 
written from the point of view of a French priest, an etymological 
and historical essay on names, a genealogical tree of the family of 

* Erroneously spelled Lowel in vol. xxv. 

2 Dictionnaire Genealogique des Families Canadicnnes depuis la fondntion dc la Colonic 
jusqu'a nos jours, par I' Abbe C. Tanguay, A.D.S. Premier Volume. Depuis 1008 jusqu'a 
1700. Province cle Quebec, Eusebe Scnecal, imprimcur-cditeur, m.dccc.lxxi. [Large 8vo. 
pp. xxxix. 023 .J 



J 
1874.] English Captives in Canada. 159 

Tache (the ancestry of Sir Etienne P. Tache, premier of Canada), 
the dictionary of 591 pages, and several tables useful to the student 
of the book. 

Perhaps the special interest of the volume to us is the list of 
"Anglais," under which, a note says, "is found the list of persons 
taken in the wars of the seventeenth century between New-France 
and New-England." And here we find a large number of persons, 
mostly children, some utterly unknown to Savage, and others known 
only as born. They were baptized into the Roman Catholic church, 
and passed their lives in Canada. We shall extract the greater part 
of this list, translating it into English. 

Ursula Adams, daughter of Charles and Rebecca (Smith), born 13 
March, 1G74, at Oyster River, [New-] Hampshire; taken 19 July, 1C94; 
baptized G April, 1G97. 

James Adams, of Wells [Maine], and his wife Catherine (Ford), taken 
22 Aug., 1703, and in the service of M. Pierre Le Gardeur ; they had 
Clement, born 9 and buried 11 Nov., 1704, in Montreal. 

Anna (Odihorn) Batson, wife of John, taken with her children 21 Aug., 

1703, in the service of M. Pacaud ; her daughter Mary Margaret, born at 
"Piseadoue" [Piscataqua], New-England, 5 Feb., 10*97; bapt. 24 June, 

1704, in Montreal. 

Sarah (Randal) Cole, wife of Joseph of Beverly, taken at Jackson [sic], 
New-England, with her children; Iter daughter, Maria Theresa, born 9 
May, 1701, bapt. 8 Dec, 1703, in Montreal. 

Mary Frances Cooper, dau. of Philip and Anne (Ingel), bapt. 25 March, 
1G93, in Quebec, 12 years old. 

Joseph Hasting, born in England, son of Benjamin and Isabella (Graves), 
bapt. 18 April, 170G, at 21 years, at Cape St. Ignatius. [Compare this 
with Savage, Hastings family.] 

Louisa, dau. of Antoine llurtado of Fayal in Portugal, and Mary 
(llyrt) of York, born before 1G83 at " Piscatoue," New-England; taken 
18 'March, 1 GOO, by M. Hertel, and living in Providence; bapt. 24 May, 
1G92, in Montreal/ 

Peter Augustine Littlefield, son of Moses and Martha (Lord), born 10 
Oct., 1G91, at Wells, New-England; bapt. 27 Jan., 1704, at Boucherville. 

Lydia Madeleine Longly, dau. of William of Grotten near Boston, and 
Delivrancc (Crisp), born 12 April, 1674, in Grotten; taken in July, 1694, 
by the Abenaquis; bapt. 24 April, 1G9G, in Montreal; resides at the 
Congregation of Notre Dame. 

Martha Mills, dau. of Thomas of Exeter, England, and Mary (Wa- 
del), born 18 Jan., 1 053, in Bristol; m. 1st James Smith, 2d Christopher 
Grant; taken 18 Nov., 1690, by Hertel; lives with M. Crevier of St. 
Francis; bapt. 29 June, 1693, in Montreal. 

Thomas Moire, bapt. 29 May, 109 1, at Batiscan. 

John Baptist Oiebac [? Otis], taken by the war-party of Trois Rivieres, 
commanded by M. Hertel; bapt. 8 Sept., 1G90, at 4 years and a half, at 
Trois Rivieres. 

Joseph Philip Ouabard [? Hubbard], bapt. 12 Dec, 170G, at 17 years, at 
Cape St. Ignatius. 

John Parsons, bapt. 20 April, 1G93, at 1G years, at Quebec. [Evidently 
son of John Parson., of York.] 



160 English Captives in Canada, [April, 

Maria Louisa Pittman, dan. of William and Barbara, born 15 Nov., 
1657, at "Piscatoue," taken by the Indians in October, 1689; m. Mary 
[should be Stephen] Willis; bapt. 8 Dec., 1693, in Montreal, god-daughter 
of De Callieres, governor, with whom she lives. 

Elizabeth Price, dau. of Robert, of Northampton, and Sarah (Webb), 
native of Northampton, New-England, bapt. in 1684; m. 1st Andrew 
Stevens, 2d 3 Feb., 1706, Jean Fourneau, in Montreal. 

Mary Rishworth, dau. of Edward, of Lincoln, England, and Susanna 
(Wilbright) [i.e. Wheelwright], born 8 Jan., 1GC0, in York; m. 1st 
William Sayer, 2d James Pleisted; taken by the Indians of Acadia, 25 
Jan., 1692, with her two children, Genevieve and Mary Joseph Sayer; 
bapt. 8 Dec, 1693, in Montreal. 

Mary Genevieve Sayer, dau. of William and Mary (Rish worth), born 4 
April, 1681, called Sister des Anges, Congregation of Notre Dame, taken 
in war with her mother and sister; buried 28 March, 1717, in Montreal. 
Mary Joseph, her sister, born 9 March, 1685. 

Samuel Sentar, son of William and Mary, born in 1679 on an island 
called "Shols," near "Piscatoue," taken by the Abenaquis in 1694, in the 
service of Le Neuf of Beaubassin. John Baptist Alexander, his brother, 
bapt. 21 April, 1696, in Montreal. 

John Baptist Smith, son of James, of Berwick, New-England, and 
Martha (Mills), born 26 July, 1685; taken in war, 18 March, 1690; bapt. 
3 May, 1693, in Montreal, in the service of M. d'Argenteuil. 

Charles Louis Mary Trafton, son of Thomas, of York, near Boston, and 
Elizabeth (Moore), born in March, 1681, in York; taken in May, 1693, 
by the Abenaquis; bapt. 12 Sept., 1694, in Montreal, and in the service of 
M. de Frontenac, his godfather. 

Mary Madeleine Warren, dau. of James, of Berwick, in Scotland [sic], 
and Margaret (an Irishwoman), born 6 March, 1662, in New-England ; taken 
in war, 18 June, 1689 ; bapt. 9 May, 1 693 ; m. 1st Richard Theys, 2d 15 Oct., 
1693, Philip Robitaille, in Montreal, in the service of INI. De Maricour. 

Joseph Watson, bapt. 28 April, 1697, at 17 years, at Trois Rivieres. 

Mary Madeleine Willis, dau. of Stephen and Gabrielle (Pieman), born 16 
June, 1676, in New-England; bapt. 23 June, 1692, in Montreal ; stewardess 
of the IIospitaHercs of St. Joseph at Montreal, and god-daughter of Frontenac. 

Mary Madeleine Willis, dau. of Stephen and Louise (Pittman), bapt. 
1668; m. 29 Sept., 1698, Jean Lecompte, at Quebec; buried 1 Feb., 1703. 

Mary, her sister, bapt. ; m. 1st 27 Oct., 1702, Charles Arnaut, 2d 31 

May, 1704, Pierre Perrot, 3d 13 Nov., 1741, Bartholomew Cotton. 

Elizabeth Wintworth, i. e. Wentworth, dau. of William, elder [ancien] 
in the anglo-calvinistic religion, and Elizabeth (Kenny), born in 1653 at 
"Piscatoue"; m. 1st James Sharp of Kent, 2d Richard Toxer [i.e. 
Tozer] ; taken in war, 18 March, 1690, by Ilertel ; god-daughter of Claude 
Ramczay, governor of Trois Rivieres, and in the service of M. Pierre 
Boucher, Lord of Boucherville. 

Esther Wheelwright, born in Boston about 1698, English captive, " religi- 
euse-ursulinc" called of the infant Jesus, buried 28 Nov., 1785, in Quebec. 

Besides these there are several Dutch captives from New-York, 
and a long list is given of young children, whose christian names 
alone w r crc known ; many of them could probably be identified as 
missing members of various families. 



1874.] Letters in Time of ^Queen Anne, 161 



LETTERS OF GOV. THOMAS SEYMOUR AND THOMAS 
EYRE, IN TIME OF QUEEN ANNE. 

Communicated by John J. La.tting, Esq., of New- York. 

COL. John Seymour was sent out by Queen Anne to be governor 
of Maryland in 1704, and was residing at Annapolis in that 
province at the time the following letter was written. His wife 
was Hester, daughter of Sir John Newton, of Hather in Lincoln- 
shire, by his wife Mary daughter of Sir Gervase Eyre, of Rampton 
in Nottinghamshire, knt. St. Leger Scroope, of Louth, county 
Lincoln, married Lucy, another daughter. 

The Sir John Newton to whom this letter was addressed, was son 
and heir of the above Sir John, and consequently the brother-in-law 
of Gov. Seymour, and was lord of the manor of Bitton in Glou- 
cestershire. His lady (his 2nd wife) at this date was Susannah, 
daughter of Michael Warton, of Beverly, co. York. 

William Archer, to whom the letter of Thomas Eyre was writ- 
ten, was an own brother of Thomas Eyre. He was the eldest son of 
William Eyre, and had assumed the name of M Archer " in com- 
pliance with the will of his relative, John Archer, of Welford Park, 
Berkshire. He married Susannah, only daughter of the last-named 
Sir John Newton of Bitton. 

" My Lady Massam " was Abigail Hill, the poor cousin of the 
haughty Duchess of Marlborough, by whom she was first intro- 
duced to the notice of the queen, and from being her chamber-maid 
and " dresser," rose to be the prime favorite at court ; married Sam- 
uel Masham, afterward made a peer of the realm by the title of 
Baron Masham. She ultimately completely supplanted the Duch- 
ess in the royal favor; held the privy purse, "and became the 
tf power behind the throne." 

The other parties referred to in this letter are well-known 
personages in the history of Queen Anne's reign. See Strick- 
land's Life of Queen Anne, and Letters and Correspondence of 
Dean Swift. 

[Thomas Eyre.] 
Dear Sir: 

I take this occasion to write to you about a vacancy there is in one of the- 
Surveyors of the Customs in America, a place there being more easily ob- 
tained y n one here tho it wero but the eighth part of the value. If you 
think proper to write a letter to my Lord Bollinbroke & remind him of 
his promise I will informe you of the nature of the thing, or it might bo 
done more effectually this way if you would desire the favour of Dr. Cham- 

vol. xxix. 15 



1G2 Letters in Time of Queen Anne. [April, 

berlain to carry me to my Lady Massam & offer lier a piece of gold plate 
of 100 or 150 guineas it would answer the end. This is a thing I believe 
not very difficult to obtaiu, & a place of y* nature y* a person may make a 
handsome fortune in 7 or 8 years, and might be a means of putting me in a 
capacity to retaliate in some measure the great obligation I have rec d from 
you. I would desire to have your opinion by the first post & y n I can in- 
forme you of some things y l will be proper to insert in your letter to my 
Lord. I am sorry to reminde you of the ill condition of my clothing which 
I am afraid you have forgo tt. I wish I cou'd any ways succeed in this affair 
y* I might be no more burthensome to you. I am so assured (if I cou'd 
procure this post) of getting a fortune in it, or dyeing in the countrey y* it 
wou'd be the last expense I shou'd put you to, if you did exert yourself in 
this affair. I'me sorry to hear my sister is so very ill. 
With my humble service, I am 

Y r most affec* 
Thursday 16 th 1713. Br. & Humb 1 Serv* 

Tuo : Eyre. 
[Superscription :] 

To William Archer Esq T . 
at Wellford near 

Newbury In 
Berkshire. 
[Mailed Dec. 17.] 

[Gov. John Seymour to Sir John Newton.] 
My Dear S r . John : 

I have your many kind letters and ffavors to acknowledge for tho* I 
have answered them as I could I can never forgett the obligation of your 
endearing remembrance & hope my dear good Lady with the two pretty 
pledges her ladyship brought you are in perfect health. 

S r . Tlio I had not the Honor of a line from you by the last shipping 
(which I lay at Mr. Hydes door for not acquainting you when the convoy 
sailed) hope my pretty nephew had the black ffox I sent in Cap 4 Garidy 
to divert him in the intervales from his booke : Jonny writes my wife the 
good news of Nellys advancement. I must always own my good old Lady 
has been very kind #c carefull of her ffamily every since the codicell to S r . 
John's Will was hatch'd, God forgive her: But we had news here her Lady- 
ship was married to a serving man by a ship that came from Bristoll : 
which now proves to be tall silly Nell. My poor wife & I have been very 
ill for severall weeks in the flail, but hope its over for the present, & now 
begin to think I have allmost past half my time in this cursed unhealthy 
country, & in the interim begg you will by the penny post send two lines to 
Cap 1 Hyde (who is my merchant & correspondent) directed to the Virginia 
Coffee house in Cornhill to lett you know whenever ships are coming this 
way, that I may not for the future want your kind correspondence, pray 
S r . Give our services to Scroope & his ffamily & always believe me to 
be faithfully with all respect & affection imaginable, 

Dear S r 

Your most obliged 
Maryland, assured humble serv* 

March 7 th 170|. Jo : Seymoue. 

S r . Jn°. Newton. 



\ 
1874.] Transfer of Erin. 163 



TRANSFER OF ERIN. 

By the Hon. Thomas C. Amort, of Boston. 

OUR population in America, and especially in New-England, is so 
largely composed of families of Irish birth or origin, that what- 
ever relates to their history recent or remote, falls legitimately within 
the scope of our assumed obligations. 1 Itis of peculiar interest now, 
for Irish questions which have been for centuries fruitful sources of 
controversy, have attracted of late more than ordinary attention. 
Recent works, from imputed want of fidelity to truth, or from their 
gross partiality, have provoked resentment not confined to those 
whose country or ancestors have been maligned, but arousing every 
where the sympathy of the generous, who love fair play. All hon- 
orable minds, Irish, English or American, regard with indignation 
the wretched attempts of the wealthy and powerful for selfish objects 
to prejudice by misrepresentation the victims of that injustice on 
which rests their present preeminence. 

Ever since the invasion of Ireland seven centuries ago, from 
Barry to Trench and Froude, Englishmen have been striving to jus- 
tify their intrusion upon a people weaker than themselves in numbers 
and military resources, and to still their own consciences and the 
reproach of other men, for appropriating lands not their own simply 
because they coveted them, by misrepresentation. Throughout their 
writings, public documents, even acts of legislation, is exhibited a 
design to vindicate that intrusion, by disparaging or vilifying those 
they dispossessed. Ware, Stanihurst, Temple, Davis, Campion, 
Spencer, Wood, and a multitudinous throng of others of more or 
less reputation, hardly one of them but in relating his experiences, 
or stating the results of his investigations, betrays his particular 
national bias, misrepresenting events and characters to uphold a 
theory, flatter a prejudice or justify a wrong. Many of them were 
the paid advocates of vested interests, of a government or class. 
Where passion or dishonesty thus poison the fountain head of infor- 
mation, whatever is said represents an opinion, an aggression past 
or intended, some conflicting claim. It comes consequently with 
suspicion, is obnoxious to criticism, and should be received with cau- 
tion. No one of late has done more to exasperate the sensi- 
tiveness of Ireland, or aggravate its grievances by stirring up 
strife, at a moment when parliament and public opinion were alike 
combining to redress them, than Mr. Froude, and his statements 
have met with signal and eloquent rebuke from Father Burke, Mr. 

1 This paper was read by the author before the New-England Historic, Genealogical So- 
ciety, Nov. 5, 1873. 



164 Transfer of Erin. [April, 

Prendergast, and others, from all sects and nationalities and from 
every standpoint. 

Interesting as it might prove, in the light of recent archaeological 
discoveries in the old world and the new, it is not our present pur- 
pose to dwell on the early settlements of Ireland. Whether Caisser'a 
or Partholan's, Nemidian, Formorian, Firbolg, Tuatha de Danaans, 
Belgian or Danmonian, they are no doubt in some measure fabulous, 
fact and fiction intermingled. Yet it cannot be disputed that long 
before the Christian era, strangers from Britain or Gaul, from Medi- 
terranean or Baltic, brought into the island, early famed as flowing 
with milk and honey, diversities of race, of language and of law. 
Nor that later still, about the time that Troy fell and Rome was 
founded, from Scythia through Spain, with harp and battle-axe and 
an advanced stage of civilization, proceeded that remarkable dynasty 
of Milesian chiefs who for centuries formed its governing and enlight- 
ened class, moulded its institutions and shaped its destinies. 
Enough remains of tradition, entitled to equal faith with what has 
been transmitted of other nations of Western Europe, to inspire re- 
spect and interest curiosity. But passing over what has come down 
to us of the many among them who left their mark on their day 
and generation, over Druids, Ossian and the Sagas, Scotch kings, 
and Scandinavian pirates, St. Patrick, Bridget and Columba, and 
those holy men and women that gave Ireland its designation of the 
" Island of Saints," and " School of the West," by Norman and Dane, 
we proceed to dwell for a moment on that event of all others in its 
annals most pregnant with serious consequences to Ireland, the Eng- 
lish conquest, a struggle which commenced seven centuries ago for 
national independence on one side and subjugation on the other, 
and which has lasted from that day to this. Many wrongs have 
been righted and grievances redressed, but much remains to be done, 
before Irishmen will consider that struggle at an end. 

Whether the bull of 1153 of Nicholas Brakcspeare, the English- 
man, known as Pope Adrian 4th, or that of Alexander 3rd, twenty 
years later, were genuine, or the fabrication of Barry or some other 
man clever and false, they profess to give Ireland to the English 
Kings. But the pope had no authority divine or human to dispose 
of lands or nations, no right actual or admitted over an unwilling 
bride. Nor were other enforced espousals of happier augury. Der- 
forguill, daughter of the prince of Meath, when in 1153 attached to 
Derinod son of Morough, king of Lcinster, was compelled to marry 
O'Rourkc, prince of Brefmcy, and unhappy in her conjugal relations, 
she fled several years later to her early lover. Roderick O'Connor, 
king of Con naught and then likewise monarch of Ireland, ordering 
restitution, Dermod, who had succeeded his father as king of Leins- 
ter, refused to obey, and being consequently deposed, appealed to 
Henry II. to reinstate him. With Henry's sanction, he invited 
Strongbow, Richard Clare earl of Pembroke, younger brother of 



1874.] Transfer of Upn. 165 

Gilbert, carl of Hertford, to help him, promising to bestow upon him 
the hand of his daughter Eva in marriage, and, what he had no right 
to promise, the succession after his death to the kingdom of Leinster. 

It was natural for the sturdy and grasping race who had taken forci- 
ble possession of Normandy, England and Wales, to wish to extend 
their conquests. What had already been realized was only a greater 
incentive to farther acquisition to such as had had no lot or part in 
the original conquest, or who had already wasted what had been 
assigned them. The conqueror and his successors looked across the 
channel with covetous eyes to that great island in the west, which 
since Brian Boroihme, 150 years before, in 1014, expelled the Danes 
or greatly crippled their power, had been growing in wealth. The 
permission given by Henry to his nobles to aid Dermod was gladly 
improved, and besides Strongbow, the Geraldines, that remarkable 
progeny of Nesta, princess of Wales, and concubine of Henry the 
First, Prendergast, De Courcy, DeBraose and St. Lawrence, witli 
hosts of other stalwart men, readily volunteered, embracing with 
alacrity this opportunity for bettering their condition. Thousands 
of adventurers from England and Wales joined or followed them ; 
and the strongholds and wall towns of Dublin and Wexford alon£ 
the shore belonging to Dermod's dominion, and Waterford and Lim- 
erick which had been built by the Danes and were still occupied 
largely by their descendants, being taken possession of with little re- 
sistance, from their strength and accessibility for supplies and rein- 
forcements from England, long proved a serviceable base of opera- 
tions to carry out their projects. 

That the invaders should have gained and kept with comparative 
ease this base of operations, yet for centuries failed to complete their 
conquest, is sufficiently explained, when we bear in mind how not 
only Ireland with her clans or septs at this period, but Europe gen- 
erally under the feudal system, was broken up and subdivided into 
petty possessions and principalities each under its hereditary chief- 
tain. These chieftains were not merely rulers and leaders of their 
people, but proprietors of the territory. The actual occupants, in 
their several ranks and degrees, were tenants as well as vassals, their 
rights and duties being defined by established law and usages of 
mutual obligation. Their allegiance was not so much to the king 
or country as to the immediate chief, who as liege of some superior 
lord, emperor, or king, rendered him military service, rent in money, 
arrows, roses, or spurs, and represented in his own person his 
subordinates for whose proceedings he was responsible. English 
monarchs owed and paid this homage and fealty to the French, who 
in a few instances in history in their turn held the reversed relation 
to them as royal vassals. 

Retaining ! their conquests by intimidation or superior military 
force, it was the Norman policy to complicate so far as they were 
able the network of feudal relations, to impart to them additional 

vol. xxix. 15* 



166 Transfer of Erin, [April, 

strength, and better keep the people in subjection. William after 
Hastings had recompensed his principal followers with fiefs and 
manors scattered broadcast over the land, interspersed among those 
retained by himself, or bestowed upon his more devoted adherents, 
that he might rely with more confidence on their fidelity, and that 
they might be enabled more readily to combine their forces from 
their different possessions for mutual support, or to repress disaffec- 
tion. This policy strengthened the hands of the nobles in curbing 
the tyranny of evil-intentioned kings, and brought to bear upon the 
subjected races a power they were too feeble and too little organized 
to resist. 

The feudal laws regulating succession and inheritance, if not quite 
uniform, bore a general resemblance. When a proprietor died leav- 
ing daughters, but no son, his estates by the Norman rule were dis- 
tributed among them in equal shares, and passed with the consent 
of his superior lord to their husbands and children of other names ; 
titles of honor, if any, remaining generally in abeyance, or passing 
in some instances to male heirs more remote. As the same law 
regulated these successions and their own rights which were valuable, 
tenants were not inclined to risk the displeasure of those on whom 
they depended, and acquiesced in what they could not control. This 
change of masters without their being consulted came to be re- 
garded as the natural course of events. When some stranger became 
invested by conquest, marriage, inheritance, gift or other recognized 
title with baronial or royal functions, the people claimed no effectual 
right to object, and allegiance and homage, the condition on which 
they held their lands, soon warmed into affectionate loyalty towards 
their new lord on whose favor their prosperity depended. These 
personal attachments to their feudal superior, through fear, self- 
interest or gratitude, for kindness received or expected, thus 
taking place of any patriotic love for their country at large, the sense 
of common nationality and of obligation to defend it grew weak. 

Feuds and jealousies from disputed rights and rival pretensions 
between neighboring lords, clans or people, engendered resentments 
transmitted from generation to generation, discouraging any general 
rally of the clans or national forces, and rendering powerless every 
combination formed to resist aggression. It was only when peril was 
unusually imminent, and the sovereign sufficiently wise and popular 
to quiet these animosities, that it became possible to consolidate the 
national strength. In 838 the Irish under Niall drove into the sea 
the earlier Norman invaders, and when the Danes were expelled a 
few years later by Malachi, and again in 1014 by Brian Boroihme, 
there existed more unanimity, and their efforts resulted in regaining 
the possession of the island. 

The existing relations between kings and princes, chiefs and their 
clans in Ireland, corresponded in some essential points with the pro- 
visions of feudal law, in others they greatly dilfered. All the chiefs 



1874.] Transfer of JEfrin. 167 

derived their descent from Heremon and Heber, eons of Gollam 
or Milesius, and held their several territories by royal grants. The 
people, unless forming separate communities like the Firbolgs in 
Connaught, or Danes in Dublin and other seaports, or later as the 
Flemings near TVatcrford, or Scotch in Antrim and Deny, through 
intermarriages with younger branches of princely families, gradually 
blended into one race. When surnames were adopted by law at Tara, 
under Brian Boroihme, in the eleventh century, the clans generally 
came to be designated by those of their chiefs, or one of his ances- 
tors. If not all of Milesian blood they formed part of the clan 
which was governed by Brehon laws established under earlier kings. 
By these laws the land was regarded as belonging to the sept as well 
as to the hereditary chief, whose right to his castles and immediate 
domains was defined and passed by fixed rules to his heirs or to 
his tanist, who like our vice president was at the same time as himself 
elected to succeed him, in case his heirs at his demise were too young 
or infirm to administer the government. Of these clans there were 
nearly a hundred in all, respectively subordinate to the several kings 
of the five or six provinces, who in their turn were feudatories to the 
monarch of Ireland, who mounted the throne sometimes by virtue 
of his superior power, sometimes by the consent of the princes. 

Such was the political and social state of Ireland when the Eng- 
lish came, and if we glance our eye upon its map, we shall find a 
clue to its sad destiny. Its area, nearly rectangular, about two hun- 
dred and eighty miles in greatest extension, by one hundred and 
twenty-five in breadth, comprised about thirty thousand square miles, 
or sixteen millions of English acres, and was divided into five chief 
divisions of Ulster, Connaught, Munster, Leinstcr, and Meath, and 
later subdivided at different epochs into thirty-four counties. Of theso 
counties, Dublin, Kildare, Louth and Meath, established by King 
John, formed what is known as the "Pale." At the time of the 
invasion the government was a confederated monarchy, not unlike 
that of the Saxon Heptarchy. King Roderick, king of Connaught 
and last king of Ireland, was then the monarch on the throne, the 
several provincial kings acknowledging his supremacy. Munster 
was divided into two of these kingdoms, Thomond under Donald 
O'Brien, Desmond under Dermod McCarthy. The Lcinster kings 
were McMurroughs, eldest branch of the Cavanaghs, princes of 
Kinscllagh. Ulster was under the O'Neils and O'Donnels. Meath, 
earlier set apart for the mcnsal domains of the monarch of Ireland, 
had been alienated by Laogear in favor of descendants, and was 
under the McLachlins, while the McMahons were princes of Uriel, 
consisting of Louth, Armagh and Monoghan. 

Two years before the invasion, on the demise of Turlough O'Brien, 
king of Limerick, after a long reign as monarch of Ireland, 
when Roderick king of Connaught was chosen to succeed him, at a 
convention of princes in 11G7, to acknowledge his supremacy, Der- 



168 Transfer of Erin. [April, 

mod McCarthy king of Cork or Desmond, Donnel O'Brien king of 
Limerick or Thomond, Dermod of Leinster, Dermod McLach- 
lan prince of Meatli, Tiernan O'Rourke prince of Breffney, Duncan 
McMahon prince of Uriel, Eochaid prince of Ulad, Fitzpatrick 
prince of Ossory, Duncan O'Phclan prince of Decies, and others, in 
all thirteen hundred principal men and thirty thousand followers, as- 
sembled at Athboy. With them came Asculph, son of Torcal, 
prince of the Danes, from Dublin. The power of Roderick differed 
greatly from that of his predecessor. Meath and Tara had been 
alienated from the crown, and the king had no national capital, offi- 
cers, revenues, flags or forces. He was indeed little more than king 
of Connaught, his ancestral dominions. 

He did what he could to prevent or stay the menaced invasion. 
He early anticipated what was impending, even before Strongbow 
landed, striving by remonstrance, concession and conciliation to divert 
Dermod of Leinster from an alliance fraught with such fatal conse- 
quences. He made an earnest appeal to the princes of Ulster and 
Minister and to his neighbors in Connaught to rally for their gen- 
eral defence, and urged the king of Man to prepare and forward his 
quota. In May, 1169, took place the first landing of Anglo-Nor- 
mans near Wexford. Roderick assembled an army, and at Tara 
convoked a council of princes. Adjourning to Dublin, the king of 
Ulster, and McMahon prince of Uriel, disaffected, drew off their 
forces. The king led his army to Femes, Dermod's stronghold, and 
compelled him to recognize his authority, and secretly to promise 
to send away his allies. Dermod proved a traitor, or utterly power- 
less to close the gates he had opened. Numbers of English knights 
and their followers were already swarming in to join their country- 
men, and it was too late to organize against them with effect. Cor- 
mac McCarthy, son of the king of Desmond, repossessed his clan of 
Watcrford, and after Dermod's death at Femes, in 1170, Strong- 
bow claiming to be heir to the throne of Leinster as husband of 
Dermod's daughter Eva, King Roderick defeated him at Thurles in 
Ormond, seventeen hundred Englishmen being slain. Such suc- 
cess did not, however, always or perhaps often attend the efforts of 
the chiefs to stem the tide of aggression on their territories. 

The invaders were the flower of England's knighthood, younger 
sons with every thing to gain, depending for their subsistence and 
prosperity on their profession of arms, which they had studied in 
the best schools in the crusades, on the continent, or in civil strife. 
From her French possessions retained by naval force, and the deve- 
lopment of her arts and trade, England had greatly the advantage 
over her sister isle, in all the implements and sinews of war. Her 
warriors, on powerful chargers, both alike invulnerable in steel, 
rode unharmed through battle-fields, on which the Irish without de- 
fensive armor, and with inferior weapons, too brave to retreat, fell 
a useless sacrifice. The forces that came over with Henry the 



1874.] Transfer of Erin. 169 

Second, October, 1171, were forty-five hundred knights and men at 
arms ; but the lower orders and ranks greatly exceeded that num- 
ber, and there were already in Ireland as many more who had come 
over before the king. 

Possibly from a sense of inability successfully to cope with this 
formidable armament, or that the chiefs, realizing the growing power 
of England, and the inadequacy of their own confederate govern- 
ment to oppose them or other foreign foes, regarded consolidation 
with England only as a matter of time, all but the O'Neils and 
O'Donnels of Ulster, whose remote position protected them from 
immediate molestation, even Roderick, on condition that his rights 
as king of Connaught and monarch of Ireland, and those of his 
subordinate kings and princes should be respected, recognized Henry 
perhaps as sovereign. Henry took a surrender of Leinster from 
Strongbow, and granted it back on condition of fealty, whilst Meath 
with Tara and eight hundred thousand acres was granted to DeLacy 
the chief justiciary. If the chiefs inputting faith in Henry's promise 
not to disturb their possessions expected to be protected from the 
rapacity of the adventurers, it was a fatal blunder, and they soon 
discovered their mistake. Dermod McCarthy, the aged king of 
Desmond, whose territories were invaded by this formidable array, 
which he had no adequate force to oppose, acknowledged Henry's 
supremacy. If in this disloyal to his country and its national inde- 
pendence, he was sufficiently punished, having been slain a few 
years later when nearly ninety, by Theobald Walter, at a friendly 
conference. 

Dermot Mac Morrough died, as we have stated, the spring after 
the arrival of his English allies. He had given Fitzstephen, the city 
of Wexford, and made other liberal grants of territory. Upon his 
death Strongbow's claim to Leinster was of course disputed ; it 
was contrary indeed to all law and precedent. Neither could Der- 
mod give nor Eva take what belonged to the nation, and with their 
consent to the male representative of the McMorrough Cavanaghs, 
its hereditary chieftains. This vast domain, out of which many grants 
had been also made by Strongbow prior to his own death, six years 
later passed through Eva's daughter Isabel who married William 
Marshal, carl of Pembroke, first in succession to her five sons, who 
each in turn became earl, married and died without issue, and 
afterward was distributed in 1243 among her five daughters or their 
representatives. Carlow was assigned to the eldest, Maud, who mar- 
ried Mowbray duke of Norfolk, whose descendants never made good 
their claim against its Irish possessors. Joan carried Wexford, which 
seems to have reverted from Fitzstephen through Montehesney to 
William dc Valence. With Isabel Kilkenny passed to the elder 
branch of the Clares, whilst through Sybil to William de Ferrers, 
earl of Derby, came Kildare, which went in 1290 through the De 
Yecies to the Fitzgeralds, created carls of Kildare, in 1316. Eva, 



170 Transfer of i Erin. [April, 

who married William de Braose, liad for her Bhare Ossory, which 
through their daughter went to Lord Mortimer and merged two 
centuries later in the crown. 

Henry, as stated, in 1172 had given Meath, consisting of eight 
hundred thousand acres, to Hugh de Lacy, who subsequently divided 
it into baronies, bestowed on his followers, on Tyrrel, Petit, Fitz- 
henry, De l'Angle, Tuite, Chappel, Constantine, De Freigne, Nugent 
Nisset, Hussey, Dullard and Fleming. When slain in 1186, by an 
adherent of the dispossessed chieftain, his son Walter succeeded, and 
after Walter's death Meath went to his granddaughters, who had 
married De Genevil and De Verdon, and De Genevil's portion 
passed afterward through Roger Mortimer to the crown. 

In direct violation of his agreement two years before with King 
Roderick, Henry at Oxford, in 1177, without any other pretext 
than his sovereign will and pleasure, gave to Robert Fitzstcphen 
and Milo De Cogan the kingdom of Cork, which belonged to the 
McCarthys. Of the millions of acres it containd, however, less 
than two hundred thousand, near Cork, was all of which they could 
obtain possession. Of his share of this, Robert Fitzstephen gave 
his nephew Philip de Barry, alsoYlescendant of Nesta, three cantreds 
or seventy-five thousand acres, which continued in Philip's line and 
name, ennobled as Viscounts Buttervant and earls of Barrymore, 
down to 1824. A year or two later De Cogan and his son-in-law, 
the son of Fitzstephen, were slain near Lismore by a chief named 
Mac Tyre. Wexford, which Dermot McMurrough had given with 
the barony of Forth to Robert Fitzstephen on his landing in 1169, 
the king took away from him and bestowed on Fitzadelmn, ances- 
tor of the De Burghs in Ireland. 

No family connected with the English invasion, and the subse- 
quent history of the island, is more renowned or more remarkable 
than that of the Geraldines springing from Nesta Tudor, princess of 
Wales. After attaching to her early maidenhood the affections of 
Henry the First, by whom she had two sons, Henry and Robert, 
Nesta married Stephen, constable of the castles of Cardigan and 
Pembroke, by whom she had Robert Fitzstephen, who took a 
prominent part in the expedition into Ireland. She subsequent- 
ly became the wife of Gilbert Fitzgerald, by whom she had three 
sons and a daughter. The eldest son, Maurice Fitzgerald, whose 
wife was Alice Montgomery, granddaughter of Morough O'Brien, 
king of Munster, formed also one of the company of Strongbow, 
his kinsman, and received from him what is now the county of Wick- 
low, then and for five centuries later the territory of the O'Byrns 
and OTooles, as also Naas and Offaly that of the O'Connors in 
Kildare. lie received a few years afterward Connelloe, one hun- 
dred thousand acres in Limerick, the country of the O'Connels, who 
received an equivalent in Clare and Kerry, still possessed in part 
by their descendants, one of whom was the distinguished liberator. 



1874.] Transfer of Erin. 171 

By marriage with the daughter of De Marisco, his third son, Tho- 
mas, acquired the territory of Wexford, and his grandson Deciea 
and Dromenagh with the heiress of Fitz Anthony. His grandson 
Maurice married Margaret, daughter of De Burgh the third earl of 
Ulster, and was created, 1329, first earl of Desmond; his grand- 
son the seventh earl bought of Bobert de Cogan, half Desmond, 
part of Limerick, Waterford, Cork and Kerry, which was not, for 
John's gift at Oxford 1177, any more his to sell ; and Gerald the six- 
teenth, four generations later, when slain in 1583, had nearly six 
hundred thousand acres in Munster to forfeit to the crown, to be- 
come the spoil of adventurers. Offshoots from this line, knights 
of Glynn and the Valley, of Kerry, and Fitzgibbon of Dromanagh 
and Imokilly, and many more, held also vast domains in Munster, 
acquired by inheritance or marriage. From William the brother of 
the first Maurice descended Kaymond le Gros, a distinguished com- 
mander, whose wife was Basilia, sister of Strongbow and widow 
of Robert de Quincy, and whose two sons were respectively the 
progenitors of the earls of Kerry, and the family of Grace. William 
received, besides Idrone, Fethard and Glascarrig, a large domain in 
Kilkenny, which, transmitted by him to his second son, was long 
known as Grace's country. A tract of territory in Kerry given to 
Baymond by Dcrmot McCarthy, for aid in reducing to obedience his 
son Cormac, who disapproved of his father's acknowledging fealty to 
the English king, has been for seven centuries the estate of the Fitz- 
maurices, barOns and earls of Kerry and marquises of Lansdowne. 
From William, the eldest son of Maurice, derived the lords of Naas 
in Leinster, ending in an heiress, who married David de Londres ; 
while from Gerald the second, sprang the lords of Offaly, of whom 
one married the heiress of Bheban in Kildare, and another, receiv- 
ing in 1291 a grant from King Edward, of that country, forfeited 
by De Vccies, was created, as before mentioned, in 1316 earl of 
Kildare, one of the titles of the present duke of Leinster, his repre- 
sentatives and their line having ever since possessed them. 

Anghared, sister of Maurice and daughter of Xesta, became the 
wife of William de Barry, father by her of Gerald Cambrencis, the 
earliest English writer of note on Ireland, and of Philip, who as above 
stated receiving three cantreds of land in Munster from his uncle 
Fitzstephen founded the house of Barrys, viscounts of Buttevant 
and carls of Barrymore. The matrimonial alliances of the different 
branches of the Gcraldines with the families of the Milesian chiefs 
materially strengthened the hold of the British crown. On the 
island they made common cause with the O'Briens and McCarthys, 
in opposition to any encroachments attempted on their independence 
from beyond the channel, were often themselves in rebellion, yet 
ever interposed an insuperable obstacle to any general and well or- 
ganized plan of operations by which the British yoke could be 
shaken off. 



172 Transfer of Erin. [April, 

John dc Courcy and Amory St. Lawrence, brothers-in-law, also 
joined the company of adventurers, sworn brothers also, like D'Oilly 
and DTvry of Oxford, in the Norman conquest of England, to divide 
their spoils. They first attacked Ulidia, consisting of Down and 
Antrim, and later penetrated into other parts of Ulster, but after 
much hard fighting were driven out in 1178, by the O'Neils and their 
kindred chieftains. A few years afterward, however, after his 
marriage with Africa, daughter of Godred, king of Man, in 1182, 
De Courcy was in a measure more successful, and in consequence 
was created earl of Ulster, lie died about 1229, but long before 
King John bestowed the province and earldom on Hugh de Lacy, 
second son of the justiciary, whose wife was King Koderick O'Con- 
nor's daughter, and they passed with Maud, the daughter of Hugh, 
to Walter de Burg descended from Fitz-adelmn, head of that house 
in Ireland who had acquired extensive tracts in Connaught through 
or by marriage with a daughter of another O'Connor. By the mar- 
riage of the heiress of the De Burghs to Lionel, duke of Clarence, 
eon of Edward the Third, these passed to Mortimer, his son-in-law, 
vesting finally in the crown, and among the royal titles that of earl 
of Ulster and that of Connaught are still preserved. 

As some compensation for the lost earldom of Ulster, given to 
De Lacy, Milo son of John dc Courcy was made lord of Kinsale 
in the south of Minister, both land and title having ever since been 
retained in the line of his descendants, of whom the present is the 
thirtieth viscount. John's companion, Amory St. Lawrence, was 
created lord of Howth, and for seven centuries his representatives have 
retained that title, now an earldom, and the estate then granted to 
their progenitors. A niece of St. Lawrence was wife to Roger le 
Poer, one of the most valiant of Strongbow's company, and with 
various fortunes, generally prosperous, his posterity long ruled over 
Curraghmore, or Powers country in the county of Waterford, were 
created earls of Tyrone in 1673, the third earl, who died in 1704, 
beiii2j the last. The De Prendergasts have ever been among the 
most honored races in Ireland, highly esteemed and connected. 
Barnwell was also one of the early invaders ; his descendants, obtain- 
ed later a grant from the crown of Bearehavcn, belonging to the 
O'Sullivans, who rose and destroyed them utterly, only a mother 
quick with child being spared. The O'Sullivans at about the time 
of the invasion, finding their independence menaced at Knoc Graffon, 
Tipperary, in the east of Munster, removed into territory about 
the Bay of Bantry, Bearehavcn, Glaner ought, Iveragh and Dunker- 
ron in the southwest, and there among mountains almost inaccessible 
for four centuries remained substantially undisturbed and independent. 

The rise and long continued power and prosperity of the Butlcrg 
in Ireland, has generally been supposed to have originated in the 
remorse of Henry the Second, at the assassination of Thomas &Bec- 
ket, whose disposition to subject the king to his ecclesiastical domi- 



1874.] Transfer of itrin. 173 

nation had provoked resentment. The sister of Becket was the wife 
of Theobald Walter, and to make amends he was appointed by that 
monarch Butler of Ireland, with a prisage of wines imported, he 
himself and his descendants taking their name from this office . 
Upon them valuable tracts of land were bestowed, which belonged 
to Carrols, Kennedys, Meaghers, O'Sheas, G'Donnellys, Fogartys, 
Ryans, in Kilkenny and Tipperary, also Knoc G ration, formerly 
belonging to the O'Sullivans, eldest branch of the McCarthies. 
Their estates stretched from the Barrow to Lake Derg, and different 
branches of the name received titles of rank from the crown to which 
they were generally loyal in reducing Ireland to subjection, lords 
of Carrick and Galmoy, viscounts Dunbovne, earls and dukes of 
Ormond, the greater part of their territory being forfeited in 1714, 
from the preference of the last duke for the house of Stuart to that 
of Brunswick. 

The name of Burke is as extensively multiplied in Ireland as that 
of Fitzgerald. If not tracing their origin directly to Nesta, their 
founder married the mother of King William the conqueror, Arlotta 
of the inn. Kichard the Great, his descendant, had for wife Una, 
daughter of Hugh, son of King Roderick ; and his son, Maud, daugh- 
ter of Hugh de Lacy, earl of Ulster, by a granddaughter as before 
mentioned of another king of Connaught. The gr. gr. grandson, 
third or red earl, left for his heir a granddaughter, Elizabeth, who 
marrying the duke of Clarence, carried the title of earl of Ulster 
and lord of Connaught to the crown. When Phillippa Plantagcnet, 
daughter of this Elizabeth De Burgh and granddaughter of Edward 
the Third, married about 1300, Edward Mortimer, third earl of 
March and gr. gr. grandfather of Edward the Fourth, their united 
possessions according to English law covered the province of Ulster, 
and half of Connaught, her inheritance, half of Meath which had 
come to him through the marriage of his gr. grandfather with Joan 
de Genevil, granddaughter of Hugh de Lacy, and portions of Lein- 
ster and Munster, Ossory and Kilkenny from that of a more re- 
mote ancestor still, Hugh de Mortimer with Annora daughter of 
William de Braose. Theirs were merely, however, for the most part 
nominal titles, for they had hardly an acre of this territory in peace- 
able possession, and their son Roger, fourth earl, who inherited 
with this vast domain forty thousand marks ready money, and who 
was sent as lord lieutenant into Ireland, was treacherously slain there 
in 1308 by his own countrymen. Several generations earlier, Car- 
thai O'Connor had been forced to yield extensive territory in Con- 
naught, to the De Burghs his kinsmen, and on the death of the third 
earl this was taken possession of by the male representatives of the 
family, who giving up the name of De Burgh, for a while assumed 
the designation of Mae William Fighter of Galway, or Clan Rich- 
ard, from whom derive the carls and marquises of Clanrickard, and 
Mac William Oughter, from whom proceeded the carls of Mayo. 

vol. xxix. 1G 



174 Transfer of Erin. [April, 

Another branch of the name were lords of Castle Conncl and Brittas. 
Identified with the Milesian races by these matrimonial alliances, com- 
mon interests and habits of life, as also by their language, they could 
often be of service to them by their support in perilous conjunctures. 
They became to all intents Irishmen, and probably in blood repre- 
sent today equally their Norman and Milesian progenitors. 

These grants from Dermot, Strongbow or Henry, or his immedi- 
ate successors, to these ten powerful feudatories covering nearly the 
whole island, had neither by Brehon nor feudal law the slightest 
validity. If might makes right, if" they may take who have the power, 
and they may keep who can," if overrunning neighboring states by 
superior military power and confiscating private property, could 
rightly or justly affect its title, neither by conquest, submission nor 
continued possession by common, feudal, or Brehon law, as respects 
three fourth of Ireland, was it transferred before the seventeenth cen- 
tury. Parchments under royal seals could neither create nor transmit 
title which the grantor had not to bestow. Neither king of Lein- 
ster, Connaught, nor Desmond, could give or sell to strangers 
what belonged not to themselves, but to their clans. These gifts 
from Henry, after fealty accepted from Dermod and Roderick with 
its well known obligations and solemn pledges not to disturb their 
rights or those of the chiefs of the clan under them, were simply 
acts of perfidy, entitled " in foro conscientice" or by the rules of 
eternal justice, to no effect or consideration whatsoever. 

Outside the pale consisting of what are now Dublin, Ivildare, 
Lowth and Meath, and the seaports of Wexford, Waterford, Cork 
and Dundalk, or where Geraldincs, Butlers, De Courcys, Powers and 
Roches in Munster, or Burkes in Connaught, were allied by marriage, 
to Milesian families, and more Irish than the Irish themselves in re- 
pugnance to English rule, with many interests in common, speaking 
the same language and wearing the same dress, the clans under 
their chieftains retained their ancient possessions, rarely paid tribute, 
much more often exacted it, were governed by their own Brehon laws, 
retained their own usages, and instead of assimilating to the Eng- 
lish, it was the constant complaint of the English statutes, state pa- 
pers and works on Ireland, that the English assimilated to them. 
Before the eleventh century, as already mentioned, surnames were 
not customary any where, and it is reasonable to presume the Irish 
adopted them slowly. The previous mode of distinguishing individ- 
uals by the line of ancestors in three or four generations by 
christian names often led to embarrassment, especially as certain giv- 
en names were of constant recurrence in particular families, and the 
surname itself had originally been of this character. Mac and O 
indicating descent, the strangers resorted to similar forms to render 
less conspicuous their English origin. In the fourteenth century, the 
De Burghs assumed the name of Mac William, Mac Hubbard and 
Mac David ; Berminghams took the name of Mac Yoris, Dexters 



1874.] Transfer of EHn. lib 

that of Mac Jordan, Nangles of Mac Costcllo, one of the Butlers, 
Mac Pheris, and the White Knight, Fitzgibbon. 

With these precautions taken in order that they might possess 
their lands without disturbance from Milesian chiefs or English gov- 
ernors, though active lord lieutenants, deputies or justices made oc- 
casional forays out of the " pale " and by concentration of forces were 
able to slaughter and despoil, after the first century of invasion to 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth not one fourth part of Ireland was 
in the possession of the English race. The victories of the Milesian 
chiefs were as frequent as theirs. These chiefs were constantly on 
the defensive against the evident designs of the English to appropri- 
ate. They did what they could under many discouragements and 
jealousies, constantly breaking out into embittered warfare. Accu- 
mulation of capital, or its application to agriculture or the useful 
arts, the pursuit of learning beyond what could be obtained from 
the priests and monks, comfortable houses or garments, or many 
other appliances of civilization which Englishmen are apt to mistake 
for civilization itself, were not possible in the presence of the dee- 
poiler. 

The clans tended their flocks and herds, raised their own corn, 
pursued the game with which the woods abounded. Religious, 
social and fond of music and similar recreations, and frequently at 
war among themselves, or with the English, the life they led was 
better fitted to make them brave, self-sacrificing and generous, quick- 
witted and wise, than one such as is commonly called industrious. 
The numerous beautiful castles erected by Irish chieftains, superb 
conventual establishments they founded, now mouldering all over 
Ireland with dilapidated walls mantled with ivy, testify to their 
taste and resources, to their devotion and determination to preserve 
their independence. If constantly in arms, if punctilious and 
quick to resent aggression or insult, or to espouse the quarrels of 
their neighbors, their history overruns with sanguinary conflicts, it 
was the part of wisdom, while so powerful a nation as the English 
occupied the sea-board, while fortresses about the island menaced their 
liberties and the security of their possessions, and they were them- 
selves prevented by the disturbing presence and influence of a pow- 
ful and treacherous foe from any national consolidation, to encourage 
wars which educated their people to resistance. 

In the early part of the fourteenth century Edward Bruce, after 
conquering at the head of the Irish clans the English in sixteen bat- 
tles, at last was slain. Ormond and Kildare, rivals for power, for 
two centuries after, divided the pale with their disputes. In Mun- 
ster, near Cork and Waterford, Fitzgeralds earls of Desmond, 
Roches, Courcys and Barrys occupied strong holds, while McCar- 
thies kings of Desmond and their kindred chiefs bore actual sway. 
The government at the castle was at times severe or lax. Usurpa- 
tion was as often requited by reward as punishment. Scots came in 



176 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [April, 

from the isles, McDonnels settling in Antrim, marrying O'Donnels 
and O'Ncils. 

But still Ireland was Irish. Four centuries had made no more 
impression than the tide upon the shore. Ireland had cost the Eng- 
lish treasury many times its revenues to keep Geraldines, Burkes 
and Butlers in their possessions, but still remained the weakness and 
embarrassment of England, and often curiously its reproach. It is 
sad to think that Surry's advice had not been taken. Had Ireland 
been left to the Irish, as Scotland to the Scots of the same original 
stock, the people, enjoying the same rights and privileges as English- 
men, would have soon sought, for mutual strength and protection, 
a union with the sister island. Irishmen, lords of their own soil, 
masters of their own destinies, and not tenants and bondsmen to 
strangers, would have become the honor and safety of the united realm, 
and with education, the arts and refinements of life, industry and 
its developments, with religious liberty and toleration, been in Ireland 
what they have proved themselves here in America, an intelligent, 
thrifty, law-abiding, patriotic, brave, generous and noble-hearted 
people, worthy possessors of that best blessing of Providence, re- 
publican institutions. 

[To be continued.] 



EAELY BELLS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

By Elbiudge II. Goss, Esq., of Melrose. 

IN the early records of many of our New-England towns and 
villages, we meet with one or more items concerning the manner 
in which the people were summoned to their houses of worship, and 
other public gatherings ; and these, quaintly expressed as they ever 
arc, cause us to realize that not always, as now-a-days, has such 
town and village enjoyed the privilege of listening to the sweet- 
toned bell, peeling forth its welcome sound from church tower or 
Btccple. Many of the towns were without bells for a long period. 
When such was the case, some other method of summoning the peo- 
ple together was adopted, and generally by vote in town meeting; 
by drum, by flag, or by the conch-shell. Johnson, in his Wonder- 
Working Providence of Sion's Saviour in Ncw-Encjiand? gives 
an instance of the use of the drum, as early as 1G36 : "He steered 
his course toward the next Town [Cambridge] , and after some small 
travcll hee came to a large plaine, no sooner was hee entred thereon, 
but hearing the sound of a Drum he was directed toward it by a 
broadc beaten way, following this rode he demands of the next man 

1 Reprintod in 18G7, with an elaborate introduction and notes by "W. F. Poole, Esq. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts, 111 

he met what the signall of the Drum ment, the reply was made they 
had as yet no Bell to call men to meeting ; and therefore made use 
of a Drum." In 1749, the town of South Iladley voted to "have a 
sign for meeting on the Sabbath," and a conch-shell was procured, 
for the blowing of which John Lane was to be paid " as the assessors 
should agree with him." "The old conch" is still in existence, 
says Dr. Holland in his "History of Western Massachusetts." In 
1720, the town of Sunderland voted to pay twenty shillings for 
sweeping the meeting-house, and "tending the flagg at all public 
meetings the year ensuing." Here we have instances of three other 
methods, besides the bell, used as a means of summons, in our early 
times. 

The following items are gathered, mostly, from our local town 
histories. The votes relating to bells, and kindred matters, are cu- 
rious and unique; and show, not only how the people were called 
together at their public gatherings, but give us pleasant glimpses of 
some of the manners and customs of the early days of our good old 
commonwealth. The towns, which may be mentioned, will be given 
chronologically, according to date of settlement ; with the Indian 
name of the town, when known, and the origin of the present 
names. 1 

Salem. 1628. A Scriptural name. Its Indian name was Naum- 
keag, or Naumkeake. This was the first permanent settlement in 
the Massachusetts Colony, and here the first church was gathered. 
A bell was in use in Salem as early as 1G38, as it was then agreed 
with Nathaniel Porter, that he " shall haue for the sweepinge of the 
mceting-howse and ringing of the bell, fiftic shillings per annum." 

In 1073, from spring to fall, the bell was rung at five o'clock in 
the morning, and nine o'clock in the evening, "as an admonition to 
improve the light of day and keep good hours at night." This prac- 
tice was continued for many years. At the present time the bells 
are rung at one o'clock, P.M., and at nine in the evening. 

Charlestown. 1628. Named from Charles Pivcr, a name given 
by Capt. John Smith on his map issued in 1616. The Indian name 
was Mishawum, meaning " a great spring." The first mention of a 
bell in this town occurs in the year 1657, when a number of citizens 
subscribed twenty-nine pounds, ten shillings, toward building a 
"Hous," probably a town-house, on the town hill. This action in- 
duced the town to pass the following vote : " At a generall town 
meeting of all the Inhabitants of Charletowne the second day of the 
eleaventh mo : 1656. It was agreed unanimously by the generall 
Townsmen, that a Hous should bee made and sett up upon the 
Windmill Hill : And the bell sufficiently hanged thereon ; and a 

1 In respect to these names I follow Mr. William II. "Whitmore, in his excellent paper 
on The Origin of the Names of Towns in Massachusetts, in the Massachusetts Historical 
Society's " I'rocecdings, 1872-3!" 
VOL. XXIX. 16* 



178 Early Bells of Massachusetts, [April, 

Sun-dial there ; And to be done by a generall rate speedily to be 
gathered of the inhabitants, who are to pay each his proportion 
in good and merchantable wheat at four shillings a bushell, and 
Barlee at four shillings a bushell, and Peas at three shillings and six- 
pence a bushell. The cost and charge off all are not to exceed ffifty 
pounds at the moste." In 1666, Thomas Brigden, senior, was em- 
ployed " to look unto the Meeting House and clear it, to ring the 
bell to meetings, and to keep out doggs in meeting time, and to re- 
ceive four pounds yearly for his salary." In 1684, the bell was rung 
at five o'clock in the morning and at eight in the evening ; and peo- 
ple were obliged to be in their houses, generally, at nine o'clock. 

In 1705, the selectmen agreed "with David Ray to be bellman, 
to go about the town with his bell every night from eleven o'clock 
until five in the morning, to keep watch for alarums and fires, and 
give timely notice thereof; and for his faithful performance of said 
work, it is agreed he shall receive sixteen pounds out of the town 
treasury, if he continue in said service, and faithfully perform it one 
whole year from the 27th day of November, last past, which he hath 
promised and agreed to do, except a military watch should be 
commanded." 

In 1868, t]\c citizens of Charlestown were blessed by the thought- 
ful and generous donation of jNliss Charlotte Harris, who presented 
a chime of bells to the First Church, in Harvard Square. 1 

1 This chime consists of sixteen bells, like that of the Arlington St. Church, Boston, 
■with an aggregate weight of 14,8ol pounds. They were cast by the well-known bell- 
founders, Win. Blake and Co., of Boston, and cost about $7,000. 

In addition to the words " Harris Chime," each bell has an inscription, as follows : 

D. Weight 3207 pounds. 

"This chime of sixteen bells was a gift from Miss Charlotte Harris to the First Parish 
Church, Charlestown, Massachusetts, of which her ancestors, Harris and Devens, were 
members." (On reverse.) " Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will 
toward men." 

E. Weight 2252 pounds. 

u Remember thy congregation, which thou hast purchased of old; this mount Zion, 
wherein thou hast dwelt." 

F#. 1GG2 pounds. 
" Make a joyful noiso unto the Lord, all ye lands." 

G. 1356 pounds. 
" Exalt the Lord our God, and worship at his holy hill, for the Lord our God is holy." 

G#. 1109 pounds. 
" Braise tho Lord, O Jerusalem ; praise thy God, O Zion." " Praise God in hii 

sanctuary." 

A. 987 pounds. 

"Worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. Strength and beauty are in his sanc- 
tuary." 

A=rr. 814 pounds. 
" Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." 

B. 713 pounds. 

" Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts, 179 

DoRCnESTER. 1630. Blake, writing a century after the settle- 
ment, says, " Why they called it Dorchester, I never heard ; but there 
was some of Dorcet Shire, and some of y e town of Dorchester, that 
settled here ; and it is very likely it might be in Honour of y e afore- 
said Kev d . Mr. AVhite, of Dorchester." Indian name, Mattapan. 
The first meeting-house erected in Dorchester, which was the first 
one erected in the Massachusetts Colony, was built on Allen's Plain, 
in 1631, "and the first settlers of Roxbury united themselves with 
the Dorchester church and worshipped with them." This house was 
used for fifteen years. It is evident that the town had no bell at 
that date, from its action Oct. 8, 1633, when it was "ordered that 
for the general good and well ordering of the affairs of the planta- 
tion, there shall be every Monday before the Court, by 8 o'clock, 
A.M., and presently by the beating of the drum, a general meeting 
of the inhabitants of the plantation at the meeting-house, there to 
settle and set down such orders as may tend to the general good as 
aforesaid, and every man to be bound thereby, without gainsay in o* or 
resistance." The rest of the order provides for the selection of 
twelve men out of the company, to arrange for the carrying out of 
the above, they to be aided by any and all of the citizens who might 
attend the meetings. This plan was adopted the following year by 
the other settlements, and led to the law of the general court, passed 
in 1636, regulating town governments, which has continued in force 
to the present day. 

In 1645, £250 was raised with which to build a new meeting- 
house, and that this had a bell is shown by the following extract from 
the records of 1662 : Goodman Mead had charge of the meeting- 
house, attended to the bell-ringing, cleaning, &c, ; and there not 
being sufficient cash in the treasury to pay him the three pounds due 

C. 604 pounds. 

11 Being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." 

C#. 507 pounds. 
" Behold, what mnnncr of love the Father hath ^bestowed upon us that we should b« 
called the sons of God." 

D. 415 pounds. 

" Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast gircn me." 

D#\ 301 pounds. 
" Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not : for of such is the Kingdom 
of God." 

E. 290 pounds. 

11 Beloved, let us love one another : for love is of God." 

F#. 218 pounds. 
" I am the resurrection and the life." 

G. 180 pounds. 
" There shall bo no night there" " In thy presence is fulness of joy." 

A. 129 pounds. 
11 Salvation, and glorv, and honor, and power unto the Lord our God." 



180 Early Bells of Massachusetts, [April, 

for that service the present year, Mr. Patten agreed to pay him 
twenty-six shillings and eight pence, and Ens. Foster the rest — both 
to be allowed the same out of the next town rate." In 16G7, the "widow 
Mead was paid for ringing the bell, £3." In 1G74, an accident 
befel the bell, and it was "ordered that the Meeting-house bell, being 
broken, and, it may be, dangerous to be rung, it shall not be rung 
any more, but speedily taken down, and means used to convey it to 
England that another may be procured either there or elsewhere." 

The following two verses, from an old " New-En cdand Ballad" 
which appears in the Register, ix. 206-7, copied from the fourth 
volume of a work entitled " Wit and Mirth; or Pills to Purge 
Melancholy ; being a Collection of the best Merry Ballads and 
Songs, Old and JVeio" etc, Edited by T. D'Urfey, London, 1719, 
were probably written during this interim. 

" Now this was New Dorchostor, as they told unto me, 
A Town very famous in all that Country ; 
They said 'twas new Buildings, I grant it is true, 
Yet methinks Old Dorchester's as hue as tho New. 

Well that night I slept till near Prayer time, 
Next morning I wonder 'd to hear no Bell's chime ; 

At which I did ask, and the Reason I found, 

'Twas because they had ne'er a Bell in the Town." 

In 1680, they had a new one, for Nathan Bradley, the sexton, 
was to " ring the bell, cleanse the meeting-house, and to carry water 
for baptism." 

In 1752, the bell which now hang3 in the meeting-house of the 
First Parish, was given by the " Proprietors of the Undivided Lands," 
formerly in the town of Dorchester but then in the town of S tough- 
ton. It was imported from Bristol, England, weighed 785 pounds, 
and cost fifty pounds sterling. 

Watehtown. 1630. Savage ("Wmthrop's History, i. 43) con- 
jectures that the name was given by Saltonstall, and was copied from 
Waterton, county York. " But it may well have been derived from 
the natural features of the place," says Whitmore. Indian name, 
Pigsgusset. The first church in this town was organized July 28, 
1630. Very little is said about the bells of Watertown, but that it 
had one as early as Feb. 1648-9 is evidenced by the fact that a bill 
for a bell rope was then ordered to be paid for. The next Septem- 
ber a town rate was levied " to build a gallery in the meeting-house." 

Boston. 1630. Named from Boston, in Lincolnshire, Eng- 
land. The first settlers called it Trimountain. Its Indian name was 
Shawmut, meaning "living fountains." The earliest mention of a 
bell in Boston occurs in Thomas Lechford's Plain Pealing; or, 
JVeives from JSFew-Pngland. 1 

1 Written in 1611, and printed in London, by " W. E. and I. G. for Nath : Butler, at the 
si<; r ne of the pyde Bull neerc S. Austins gate, 1612," a reprint of which was issued iu 1867, 
with Introduction and Notes by the Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 181 

Lecliford says : " The publique worship is in as faire a meeting- 
house as they can provide, wherein, in most places, they have been 
at great charges. Every Sabbath or Lord's day, they come together 
at Boston, by wringing of a bell, about nine of the clock or before. 
The Pastor begins with solemn prayer continuing about a quarter of 
an hourc. The Teacher then readeth and expoundcth a Chapter ; 
Then a Psalmc is sung, which ever one of the ruling Elders dic- 
tates. After that the Pastor preacheth a Sermon, and sometimes 
extempore exhorts. Then the Teacher concludes with prayer, and a 
blessing." This meeting-house was situated where " Joy's Building " 
now is, on Washington Street, that being the second site of the 
First Church ; the first one having been on State Street, where 
"Brazer's Building" now stands. Trumbull, in a foot-note, refer- 
ring to the "-wringing of the bell," says : "Lechford does not tell us 
whether the bell was skationanj, or jjerambulatory in the hand of a 
bell-man. In most of the towns of New-England, at this period, 
the summons to public worship, and to other meetings of the inhabi- 
tants, Avas given by beat of drum." 

John Josselyn visited Boston in 1GG3, and in his description of 
the Common refers to the nine o'clock bell still so familiar to the 
ears of Bostonians : "On the South there is a small but pleasant 
Common, where the gallants, a little before sunset, walk with their 
Jlarma/eif-Madams, as we do in Moorfields, &c, till the nine a 
clock bell rings them home to their respective habitations, when pre- 
sently the constables walk their rounds to see good order kept, and 
to take up loose people." 

King's Chapel had its bell as early as lfi89, as appears by the 
following vote: "July 23. By cash paid for our Church Bell, to 
Mr. John Butler, by Mr. Foxcroft, £13. 5 s ." 

March 10, 1717, three pounds were voted "to pay a Bell-ringer 
at the new South Meeting-house for a year. lie was to ring at 5 
in the morning, and nine at night, as other Bell-ringers did." 

In 1719, Mr. John Frizzell, a merchant of Boston, presented tho 
New North Church with a bell, which, though small of size and of 
a disagreeable sound, was used until 1802, when the old house was 
taken down. It was then sold to the town of Charlton, co. of Wor- 
cester, where it is probably now in use. 

In 1744, Christ's Church was furnished with a " Peal of eight 
Bells," the first chime in America. It has been the practice for 
many years to chime these bells 1 for several nights at Christmas time, 

1 The aggregate weight of these bells is 7272 pounds; tho smallest weighing G20 poundg, 
the largest 1545, and they cost £560 in England. Each one has an inscription, containing 
its own and much contemporary history, as follows : — 

First Bell. 

" This peal of eight bells is the gift of a number of generous persons to Christ Church, 
in Boston, N. E. Anno 1744. A. II." 

Second Bell. 

" This Church was founded in the year 1723. Timothy Cutler, D.D., tho first Rector. 
A.R. 1723." 



182 Early Bells of Massachusetts, [April, 

"ringing the Old Year out and the New Year in ; " and Drake says, 
in the Old Landmarks of Boston: " The same bells hang in the 
belfry. Their carillon, vibrating harmony on the air of a quiet 
Sabbath, summons the third generation for whom they have pro- 
claimed, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, 'good will 
toward men.' " 

In 1770, itwas the bell of the " Old Brick Church," or first Church, 
which sounded the alarm on the evening of the massacre of March 5th. 1 

In 1772, Gov. John Hancock gave a bell to the Brattle Street 
Church, on which was this inscription : 

" I to the Church the living call, 
And to the grave I summon all." 

In 1860, Boston had a new chime of bells, on the Arlington Street 
Church, — the "Phillips Chime," — consisting of sixteen bells, with 
an aggregate weight of 14,960 pounds. 2 

Medford. 1630. Called Meadford by Dudley. It is termed 
Metford in the 'ee^s of Gov. Cradock's widow ; and there was a 
hamlet of that name (now Hayford) very near to Caverswell, the 
seat of the Cradock family. Indian name, Mystick, or Mystic. 

Third Bell. 
" We are tho first ring of bells cast for the British Empire in North America. A. R. 1744. 

Fourth Bell. 
" God preserve tho Church of England. 1744." 

Fifth Bell. 
" William Shirley, Esq.. Governor of the Massachusetts Bay, in New-England. Anno 
1744." 

Sixth Bell. 
" The subscription for these bells was begun by Iohn Hammock and Robert Temple, 
Churchwardens, Anno 1743; completed by Robert Ienkins and Iohn Gould, Church 
Wardens, Anno 1744." 

Seventh Bell. 
" Since generosity has opened our mouths, our tongues shall ring aloud its praise. ^1744." 

Eighth Bell. 
"Abel Rudhall, of Gloucester, cast us all, Anno 1744." 



1 " As it became more and more threatening, a few Northendcrs ran to the Old Brick 
meeting-house, on what is now Washington St. at the head of King St., and lifted a boy 
into a window, who rang the bell." — Frothingham's Life of Joseph Warren. 



2 These bells were cast by William Blake & Co. Besides the name of tho chime, each 
bell is named and inscribed as follows : — 

D. Weight 3158 pounds. 
" Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men." 

(On the reverse.) 
" This chime of fifteen Bells (the sixteenth was afterwards added by the Rev. Dr. Gan- 
nett, the pastor) was a gift from the Hon. Jonathan Phillips, to the religious society of 
which he had long been a member, on the erection of a new Meeting House, 18G0." 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 183 

Medford had no meeting-house of its own until 1606. So few were 
its inhabitants, they could not support a minister, they therefore 
joined the churches in Cambridge, Charlestown, Waltham, Woburn 
and Maiden. The first church built had no bell, and the following 
vote concerning it is on record : " Voted to give Ensign John Brad- 
ehaw fifty shillings for sweeping the meeting-house one year, clean- 
ing the snow away from the front door, and shutting the casements." 
The second meeting-house was built in 1727, but had no bell for 
many years. In 1740, the town voted to place a bell upon the 
house ; but as it was decided to purchase the bell with money which 
should be raised from the sale of bricks owned by the town, the bell 
was not bought, because the bricks were not sold. But a bell was 
furnished in 1744 by certain liberal gentlemen of the town, and 
five pounds were paid for ringing it a year. The following items 
show how ideas concerning things in common use, and now thought 
to be indispensable, have changed during the last hundred years. 
June 11, 1770. "Voted not to grant seats for singers." July 28, 
1771. " Sunday : On this day was used, for the first time, the new 

E. 2196 pounds. 
" come let us worship and bow down, let us kneel before the Lord our Maker." 

F#. 1694 pounds. 
" Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty." 

G. 1367 pounds. 
"Praise ye the Lord. Praise God in his sanctuary : praiso him in tho firmament of Lie 
power. Make a joyful noise unto God." 

G#. 1144 pounds. 
" bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of his praise to bo heard. Enter into 
his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise." 

A. 972 pounds. 
" Worship the Lord in tho beauty of holiness." 

C. 619 pounds. 

** Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name." 

C#. 493* pounds. 
" Thy Kingdom como. Thy will be done." 

D. 411 pounds. 
" Awake to righteousness and sin not." 

D#. 373 pounds. 
" By grace are ye saved through faith." 

E. 383 pounds. 

" Grow in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ." 

F#. 235 pounds. 
" Let brotherly love continue." 

O. 207 pounds. 
" Thanks be to God, who givcth U3 the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. ■ 

(On the reverse.) 
Hon. Jonathan Phillips died July 29, 18G0, aged 82. 



184 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [April, 

pulpit cushion given by William Pepperell, Esq., who imported it 
from England, at a cost of eleven guineas." March G, 1787. 
" Some inhabitants of taste and public spirit, proposed to plant 
ornamental trees in front of the meeting-house. The town voted 
not to have them " ! May 10, 1802. " Voted to have a new bell." 
Oct. 5, 1812. " Voted not to have a stove in the meeting-house" ! 

In 1873, the eighth chime of bells introduced into Massachusetts, 
was placed in the tower of Grace Church, in this town. They were 
cast by Messrs. William Blake & Co., and cost £2600, of which sum 
the town appropriated $600. They are nine in number, and the 
total weight is 5025 pounds, the smallest bell weighing about 200 
pounds, and the largest 1400. 1 

[To be continued ] 

1 The following .ire the names and inscriptions, beginning with the largest bell; " Grace 
Church, Mcdford, A.D. 1873," is on each bell:— 

G. Town of Medford Bell. 
" Except the Lord keep the city, the watchmen waketh but in vain. — Psalm exxvii : 1. 

A, Rector's Bell. 

'* Wbosesocvcr sins ye remit, they arc remitted unto them ; and whosesoever sins ye 
retain, they are retained." — S. John xx : 23. 

B. Marriage Bell. 
Presented by Dudley C. Hall. 

" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder." — S. Mark x : 9. 

C. Holt Communion Bell. 
" He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him."— 
S. John vi: 56. 

D. Holy Baftism Bell. 
Presented by Mrs. Dudley Hall. 
" For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ."— Gal. iii : 27 . 
Peace to the past; joy to the present; welcome to the future. 

E. Burial Bell. 
Presented by Mrs. Gorham Brooks and Family. 
" Blescd are the dead which die in the Lord." — Rev. xiv : 13. 

Pff. Children's Bell. 
Presented by the Sunday School. 
" Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not; for of such is the king- 
dom of God." — S. Mark x : 1 J. 

F. Christmas Bell. 
In Memoriam. 

Presented by Joseph K. Manning. 

" Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men."— S. Luke 
ii : M. 

G. Easter Bell. 
In Memoriam. 
Presented by the children of Margaret B. Buss. 
" Those who sleep in Jesus shall God bring with Ilim."— 1 Thess. iv : 14. 



1 874.] The Daniell Family. 185 



THE DANIELL FAMILY. 

Communicated by Moses Grant Daniell, A.M., of Boston. 

THE name Daniell appears among the earliest settlers of various 
parts of New-England. Of those who settled in the vicinity of 
Boston were, — Robert Daniell of Watertown, about 1G36, whose 
descendants in one line are traced in these pages ; Joseph Daniell 
of Dedham, whose name occurs in a list of subscribers to form the 
Medfield society in 1649, and who probably removed to Portsmouth, 
N. II. ; and William Daniell of Dorchester, who was admitted 
freeman in 1648. There is no proof that these three were relatives, 
though there is some reason to think that Hobert and Joseph were 
brothers. 

The name is a common one in England, if we may judge from 
the long list in the Encyclopedia of Heraldry. In that list the name 
Daniell occurs twenty-six times, Daniel five times, and Daniels once. 

The various spellings of the name that are found in old copies of 
deeds, wills, &c, at least so for as the family under consideration is 
concerned, are undoubtedly owing to caprice or carelessness of 
scriveners and copyists. A search for original autographs has shown 
that all whose names are here recorded, with a few unimportant 
exceptions, from the first Robert down to the present time, have 
spelled the name Daniell. It is probable that the addition of a final 
s in other brandies of the family is a growth of comparatively re- 
cent times. There may be families, however, whose ancestors 
brought the name Daniels from the old country. 

1. Robert Daniell, probably from England, settled in Water- 
town, Mass., previous to 1G36. 1 He was grantee of five lots, and 
purchased the " homestall " of Nicholas Jacobs, 13 acres of land, 
lying not far from the present site of the U. S. Arsenal. He was 
admitted freeman March 14, 163f. His wife Elizabeth died Oct. 2, 
1G43. In 1G51 he removed to Cambridge, where he married Reana 
Andrews, May 2, 1654. He was released from training, April, 
1G55, and died July G, 1G55. His son Samuel was executor of his 
will. His children were : 

i. Elizabeth, b. 1630; m. May 17, 1055, Thomas Fanning; d. 
Jan. 27, 1722. Children: 1. Mzabeth, b. April 15, 1G5G; 
d. Apr. 25, 1G8-. 2. Mary, b.Nov. 12, 1G57 ; d. next Dec. 
3. Mary, b. Oct. 27, 1GG2; m. Benoni Learned of Slier- 
horn. 4. Sarah, b. July 18, 16G5; d. Aug. 21, 1091. 
2. ii. Samuel, probably b. about 1G33 ; d. about 1G95. 

1 Dates are given as tlicy arc found in the original records. Consequently all dates 
prior to 1752 arc in old style. 
VOL. XXIX. 17 



186 The Daniell Family. [April, 

iii. Joseph, b. about 1G35. Perhaps bought land in Cambridge of 
D. Fiske, May 30, 1G62, and possibly removed to Mediield. 

iv. Sarah, b. about 1G40. 

v. Mary, b. Sept. 2, 1042 ; m. June 14, 1CG0, Samson Frary of 
Medfield, and had : 1. Mary, b. July 24, 1GG2. 2. Hitte, b. 
Jan. 16, 1GG4. 3. Susanna, b.1668. 4, John, b. 1GG9. 5. 
Nathaniel, b. 1675. Removed to Deerfield, Frary being the 
first English planter there. He was killed by Indians Feb. 
29, 1704. She was taken captive and killed on the way to 
Canada. [See Morse's Gen. Sherborn and Holliston.] 

2. Samuel' (Robert 1 ), b. about 1633. Took oath of fidelity 
1652. Sold land to Th. Fanning April 26, 1656, to N. Coolidge 
April 2, 1667. Married, May 10, 1671, Mary Grant, dau. of 
Christopher G. ( ?) Bought land in Dedham and Medfield in 167|, 
and removed to M., where he died in 1695. His son Robert was 
administrator of his estate. His children (the first three born in 
Watertown, the last three in M.) were : 

i. Robert, b. April 23, 1672 ; m. Hester , and settled in 

Sherborn. [Account of some of his descendants in Morse's 

Gen. of Sherborn and Holliston.] 
ii. Samuel, b. April 1, 1G74; d. June, 1G75. 
3. iii. Joseph, b. Feb. 3, 167f ; d. June 8, 1720. 
iv. Mary, b. June 25, 1G79. 
y. Elizabeth, b. April 9, 1G81 ; m. Nov. 7, 1705, Joseph Mason, 

and had: 1. Zydia, b. March, 170f. 2. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 

5, 1709. 3. Joseph, b. April 30, 1714. 4. Abigail, b. March 

21, 17iJ. 
vi. Sarah, b. March 23, 1G83. 

3. JoSErn 3 (Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), b. Feb. 3, 167f . He settled 
in Dedham, not far from the spot where the Grantville meeting- 
house now stands. He w r as a selectman of Nccdham in 1712, the 
year after the incorporation of the town, and from time to time held 
other important town offices. He married, Jan. 27, 1696, Lydia 
Adams, of Medfield, who survived him several years. lie died 
June 8, 1720. Their children were : 

i. Elizabeth, b. March 23, 1G98 ; d. Sept. 7, 1719. 

ii. Samuel, b. 1700 : d. Sept. 15, 1703. 

iii. Mary, b. June 30, 1704 ; m. Feb. 18, 173f, Joseph Breck, of 
Sherborn; d. 1788. Children: 1. John, b. Dec. 1, 1735. 
2. Mehetabel, b. July 20, 1737 ; d. Aug. 30, 1812. 3. Jonas, 
b. June 19, 1739 ; d. young. 4. Joseph, b. May 28, 1741. 
5. Mary, b. Aug. 31, 1743 ; d. March 14, 174 J. G. Daniel, 
b. Feb. 22, 174|. 7. Thomas, b. Feb. 28, 174J. 

iv. Lydia, b. July 24, 170G; m. Nov. 21, 172G, Michael Bullen, 
of Medway ; d. Aug. 21, 1748. Children : 1. Elizabeth, b. 
Dec. 15, 1727; d. Oct. 1G, 1734. 2. Daniel, b. Oct. 27, 
1729; d. Oct. 28, 1801. 3. John, b. Sept. 8,1732. 4. 
Jabez, b. Aug. 4, 1734. 5. Mary, b. Oct. 8, 1738. G. Beno- 
ni, b. Sept. 22, 1740; d. young. 7. Joseph, b. July 30, 
1744; d. Nov. 1, 1745. 8. Michael, b. May 18, 174G. 9. 
Jona. ? 



1874.] The JDaniell Family. 187 

4. v. Joseph, b. Feb. 12, 170f ; d. Dec. 5, 1783. 

vi. Sarah, b. March G, 17 T J; m. Dec. 20, 1733, Thomas Wis- 
wall, of Medway, and had: 1. Hannah, b. Nov. 3, 1734. 
2. Lydia, b. Oct. 7, 173-. 

5. vii. Jasper, b. March 7, 1715 ; d. about 1775. 

viii. Samuel, b. May 4, 1719. Had wife Martha, who d. March 2, 
1789. He is frequently mentioned in the town records of 
Needham, as selectman, constable, surveyor, &c. In 1775 
he was one of a " committe onantipedobaptists." He after- 
ward removed to Milford, where he d. May 25, 1798. 

ix. Judaii, b. Aug. 21, 1720 ; d. Sept. 14, 1720. 

4. Joseph 4 (Joseph^ Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), b. Feb. 12, 170|. 
He succeeded by inheritance and purchase to most of his father's 
estate, and owned considerable tracts of land in Needham, princi- 
pally in what is now Grantville, north and east of Maugus Hill. 
His name often appears in the town records. He married, first, 
March 25, 1735, Experience Newell (dan. of Josiah N. of Need- 
ham), who d. Dec. 17, 1702 ; second, Elizabeth "Wis wall of Slier- 
born. He died Dec. 5, 1783. His children, all by first wife, 
were : 

G. i. Joseph, b. July 23, 1736; d. April 1G, 1810. 

ii. Timothy, b. April 3, 1739 ; m. April 2, 1801, Elizabeth Smith ; 
removed to Hancock, N. IL, and died (childless), Feb. 2G, 
182G. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. June 3, 1740 ; d. Nov. 5, 1761. 
iv. Experience, b. Oct. 19, 1742 ; d. Sept. 10, 1748. 
7. v. Jeremiah, b. Oct. 17, 1744 ; d. April 21, 1784. 
vi. Lydia, b. April 2, 1747 ; d. Nov. 8, 1754. 
vii. Josiaii, b. Sept. 24, 1748 ; d. Nov. 21, 1754. 

5. Jasper 4 (Joseph, 3 Samuel, 3 Boheri 1 ), b. March 7, 1715. 
He removed from Needham to Mendon about 1738, and afterward 
to Hopkinton, where he died about 1775. He married, March 7, 
173!}, Keziah Breck (dau. of John B., of Sherborn), who died 
about 1808, and had : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 10, 17||; m. May 24, 17G4, Samuel 

Wood, Jr., of Upton, and had: 1. Kezialt, b. June 4, 17G5. 

2. Mary, b. Feb. 28, 17C8. 3. Abigail, b. Sept. 1G, 1774. 

4 and 5. Lois and Lydia, b. Dec. 2G, 1779. 
ii. Oliver, b. in Mendon, Oct. 2G, 1741 ; m. Oct. 1770, Sarah 

Newton, who d. Jan. 2, 1831, aged 79, and had: Samuel, 

b. Jan. 8, 177-. He d. Jan. 5, 1831, in Milford. 
iii. Keziah, b. Feb. 22, 1742. 
iv. Mary,1). March 17, 174| ; m. May 30, 17G5, Daniel Hunt, of 

Ilolliston. Children: 1. Jasper Daniell, b. Nov. 3, 17GG. 

2. Mary, b. and d. Dec. 17G8, 3. Phebe, b. May 20, 1771. 
v. Lydia, b. Aug. 29, 1748 ; m. June 10, 1772, Josiah Fisk, of 

Upton, and had: 1. Asa, b. Oct. 23, 1773. 2. Sarah, b. 

July 22, 177G. 
vi. Joseph, b. Oct. 2, 1750. 
vii. Comfort, b. Nov. 10, 1757. 



188 The Darnell Family, [April, 

viii. Sarah, b. Mar. 8, 1759 ; in. John Holmes, and had : John, 
Samuel, Appleton, Betsey, Polly, and Aaron. 

6. Joseph* (Joseph,* Jose])h, 3 Samuel* Robert 1 ), b. July 23, 
1736. In 1775 he was a sergeant in " Capt. Aaron Smith's com- 
pany of militia who marched in consequence of the alarum made on 
the 19th of April last, in the liegement whereof Wm. Heath, Esq., 
was then Col." In 1777 he was one of the " Committee of Corres- 
pondence, Inspection and Safety." He was deacon of the West 
Parish in Needham from 1799 to 1805. He died April 16, 1810. 
He married, first, 1761, Esther Wilson, of Dedham, who died, Aug. 
31, 1775, of dysentery. Six of their children also died of the same 
disease between Aug. 31 and Sept. 12. Their eldest son died of 
small-pox two years later. These children were : 

i. Joseph, b. Feb. 24, 1762 ; d. June 1, 1777. 

ii. Esther, b. March 28, 1764; d. Sept. 4, 1775. 

hi. Anne, b. March 28, 1764 ; d. Sept. 7, 1775. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. July 17, 17G5 ; d. Sept. 12, 1775. 

v. Sara, b. April 24, 17G7 ; d. Sept. 2, 1775. 

vi. Josiait, b. April 9, 17G9 ; d. Sept. 7, 1775. 

vii. Martha, b. July 19, 1770 ; d. Aug. 31, 1775. 

He married, second, Nov. 27, 1777, Mary, clan, of Samuel and 
Elizabeth Cummings and widow of Moses Keith, of Uxbridge, who 
died June 6, 1803, aged 50. Their children were : 

viii.- Joseph, b. Nov. 22, 1778; m. May 4, 1806, Nabby Daniel], 
his cousin, dau. of Jeremiah D., and had: — 1. CJiester, b. 
Sept. 10, d. Sept, 20, 1807. 2. Ellery Charming, b. Oct., 
1811 ; d. March 28, 1828. Joseph d. Aug. 29, 1822. 

ix. Esther, b. Nov., 1780; m. June 25, 1800, Dea. Asa Kings- 
bury, of Needham ; d. Jan. 27, 1817. Children : 1. Calvin, 
b. June 25, 1801 ; d. Sept. 24, 1837. 2. Mary Cummings, 
b. Feb. 15, 1807 ; d. Aug. 30, 1843 .* 

x. Sally, b. April 18, 1784; m. Aug. 25, 1811, Joseph Stowe, 
of Dedham ; d. Jan. 1, 1860. Children: 1. Betsey Daniell, 
b. Dec. 2, 1814; m. Nov. 27, 1845, Benjamin Neal, of 
Newton. 2. Joseph, b. April 25, 1817 ; m. Dec. 8, 1842, 
Sarah E. Wales, of Newton. 3. Timothy, b. Sept. G, 1824; 
m. Jan. 5, 18G0, Hannah Mary Hall; d. Aug. 11, 18G6. 
4. Sarah, b. May 31, 1827 ; d. May 8, 1837. 5." Edward, b. 
Jan. 6, 1833; m. Oct. 3, 1871, Emmeliue Clark Hathaway. 
8. xi. Jesse, b. June, 1786; d. Aug. 29, 1832. 

xii. Samuel, b. 1788; d. Jan. 30, 1820. 

xiii. Josiah, b. April, 1792 ; d. young. 

7. JEREMIAH* {Joseph, 4 Joseph, 3 Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), b. Oct. 17, 
1741. Lived in Needham at the "homestead." The house, somc- 

* The children of Moses nnd Mary Keith were : 1. Lydia, b. Nov., 1768 ; nV. John Curtis, 
of Dudley, had eight children, and d. Oct. IS, 1855. 2. Ruel, b. 1770; d. April, 1842, in 
Newport, N. II. 3. Eunice, 1>. Feb. 25, 1771 ; in. April 14, 1796, Jeremiah Daniell (9) ; d. 
Dec. 7, 1852. 4. Moses, 1). 1773 ; m. and d. in N. Y. State. 

Moses Keith was son of Gcrshom K., who was son of Rev. George K., who was son of 
Rev. James K., b. in Scotland, 1662, settled in Bridge-water, Maes., and d. July 23, 1719. 



1874.] The Daniell Family. 189 

what altered, is still standing (1873), at the corner of Washington 
and Oak streets, Grantville. lie was a corporal in Capt. Smith's 
company before mentioned. In March, 1776, both Joseph and Jere- 
miah went " to assist in taking possession of and fortifying Dorches- 
ter Hills." He married, Dec. 24, 1772, Abigail Fisher (daughter 
of John F. of Needham), who died in 1801.* He died April 21, 
1784. Their children were : 

9. i. Jeremiah, b. Oct. 4, 1773 ; d. June 14, 1818. 

10. ii. Josiaii, b. March 3, 1777 ; d. April 4, 1816. 

iii. Timothy, b. July 20, 1780 ; d. March 19, 1805, unm. 

iv. Betsey, b. July 3, 1782 ; m. July 3, 1805, Timothy Stowe, 

of Dedham ; d. April 7,1814. Children: 1. Edward, b. 

Juno 25, 180G; d. Aug. 30, 1829. 2. George, b. Aug. 25, 

1808; d. young. 3. Cornelius. 4. Abigail, both d. young. 
v. Nabby, b. May 22, 1784; m. May 4, 180G, Joseph Daniell (see 

above); d. March 7, 1820. 

8. Jesse 6 (Joseph,* Joseph, 4 Joseph, 3 Samuel* Robert 1 ), b. June, 
1786. Lived in Dedham, and died there Aug. 29, 1832. He 
married, May, 1827, widow Mary [Foster] Thwing, and had : 

11. i. Ellery Channing, b. July 15, 1829. 

ii. Nancy Swan, b. April 15, 1831 ; d. Oct. 11, 1833. 

9. Jeremiah 6 (Jeremiah," Joseph 4 Joseph* Samuel, 3 Robert 1 ), b. 
Oct. 4, 1773. He lived in Needham, at the " homestead," and died 
there June 14, 1818. He married, April 14, 1796, Eunice Keith 
(daughter of Moses and Mary K., see note on p. 188), who died 
Dec. 7, 1852. Their children were : 

i. Eunice, b. Juno 4, 1797 ; m. March 12, 1821, Benjamin Neab 
of Newton; d. Feb. 8, 18-15. Children: 1. Elizabeth 
Daniell, b. Nov. 27, 1821. 2. George Benjamin, b. May 21, 
1823; m. first, Oct. 20, 1846, Caroline Harris Fiske, who 
d. Feb. 20, 1848,— second, April 10, 1850, Elinira Fiske, 
and had Caroline Eiske,h. Feb. 28, 1852. 3. Sarah Mann, 
b. May 27, 1825 ; d. Aug. 30, 182G. 4. Horatio, b. March 
29, 1827 ; d. May 22, 1831. 5. Charles Edward, b. Oct. 10, 
1829; d. Jan. 27, 1832. 6. Edward Horatio, b. Oct. 22, 
1832 ; d. Aug. 24, 1856. 7. Sarah Eunice, b. July 15, 1835 ; 
d. Nov. 5, 1857. Benjamin Neal m., second, Betsey D. 
Stowe. (See above.) 

Elizabeth, b. Dec. 19, 1798; d. Feb. 26, 1860. 

Jeremiah Fisher, b. Sept. 7, 1800 ; d. July 15, 1868. 

Josiaii, b. Oct. 19, 1802; d. Dec. 31, 1846. 

Otis, b. Dec. 8, 1804; d. March 7, 1871. 

Chester, b. Aug. 27, 1807 ; d. Feb. 16, 1859. 

George Keith, b. June 11, 1810. 

* Abigail, -widow of Jeremiah D., m. Nov. 23, 1789, John "Wilson, of Dedham, and had 
John Fisher, b. June 14, 1791 ; d. July 9, 1853. After her death in 1801, John Wilson m. 
Molly Osgood, with two children, Polly, b. July 25, 1795, and Maria. John Fisher Wilson 
m. Sept. 18, 1816, Polly Osgood, and had : 1. Abby Fisher, b. June 22, 1818; m. May 1, 
1839, Luther Richards; d. July 30, 1810. 2. Maria, b. 1822; d. Oct 15, 1852. 

VOL. XXIX. If* 





n. 


12. 


iii. 


1.3. 


iv. 


14. 


v. 


15. 


vi. 


16. 


vii. 



17. 


i. 


18. 


ii. 




iii 



190 The BanielhFamily. [April, 

10. Josiati 6 (Jeremiah* Joseph, 4 Joseph, 3 Samuel* Robert 1 ), 
b. March 3, 1777. Passed most of his life in Dedham, and died 
there April 4, 1816. He married, Jan. 4, 1804, Sally Newell 
(dau. of Reuben N., of Needham), who died Jan. 29, 1835, and 
had : 

Josiah Newell, b. Oct. 8, 1804. 

Timothy, b. Aug. 25, 1806. 

Harriet Lucas, b. Feb. 9, 1809 ; m. July 30, 1828, Billings 
Mann, of Leicester, and had: 1. Sarah Lucetta, b. May 23, 
1829 ; m. June 22, 18G5, D. E. Merriam. 2. Harriet V., 
b. Feb. 25, 1831 ; m., first, Jan. 1, 1851, J. P. Cummings, 
of Leicester, — second, Oct. 4, 18 GO, Dr. Henry Jordan, of 
Boston. 3. Jane, b. Sept. 19, 1832. 4. George, b. Jan. 1, 
1835. 5. Maria, b. Sept. 1, 1837. G. Billings, b. April G, 
1841. 7. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 2, 1843. 8. Ellen, b. Sept. 23, 
1846. 9. Emily Daniell, b. May 25, 1849. 10. Frank, b. 
March 7, 1853. 

19. iv. Reuben, b. Sept. 4, 1813. 

11. Ellery Channing 7 (Jesse, 6 Joseph,* Joseph, 4 Joseph,* 
Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Dedham, b. July 15, 1829. Married, June 10, 
1857, Olive Corell Guild, dau. of Francis G., of Dedham, and had : 

i. Ellery Channing, b. Aug. 15, 1861. 
ii. Carrie Burgess, b. May 25, 18G4. 
iii. Francis Guild, b. April 4, 18G8. 
iv. Jennie Preston, b. Nov. 28, 1869. 

12. Jeremiah Fisher 7 (Jeremiah, 6 Jeremiah* Joseph, 4 Jo- 
seph? Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Franklin, N. II., was born in Need- 
ham, Mass., Sept. 7, 1800, and died July 15, 18G8. He married, 
first, Aug. 24, 1825, Sarah Keed, who died July 16, 1836. Their 
children were : 

20. i. Warren Fisher, b. June 26, 1826. 

ii. Mary Elizabeth, b. June 24, 1828 ; d. March 24, 1832. 

He married, second, Aug. 8, 1837, Annette Eastman, dau. of 
Jonathan E., of Concord, N. II., and had : 

21. iii. Francis Hayward, b. June 19, 1838. 
iv. Mary Eastman, b. July 10, 1810. 

v. Susan Keith, b. March 6, 1843; in. June 5, 1866, Alvah 
Woodbury Sulloway, of Franklin, N. II., and had : Alice, 
b. Aug. 5, 1871. 

vi. Fredrick Gray, b. Oct. 6, 1845; d. March 25, 1846. 

13. JOSIAH 7 (Jeremiah? Jeremiah* Joseph, 4 Joseph, 3 Samuel,* 
Robert 1 ), of Boston, was born in Needham, Oct. 19, 1802, and 
died Dec. 31, 1846. He married, first, Aug. 28, 1825, Pamela 
Selby (dau. of Capt. II. W. S., of Boston), who died Oct. 24, 1837,, 
and had : 



1874.] The Daniell Family. 191 

i. Pamela Selby, b. Dec. 10, 1826 ; m. Oct. 10, 1848, Henry 
Jordan, of Boston ; d. March 1, 1859. Children : 1. Henry 
Gregory, h. July 22, 1849; m. Sept. 1G, 1873, Annie K. 
Adams, of Boston. 2. Louisa Selby, b. July 1, 1854. 3. 
Charles Daniell, b. Feb. 14, 1859. 

ii. Cornelia Adelaide, b. Nov. 1, 1829; m. March 29, 1853, Henry 
Stone, of Boston, and had : 1. Robert Chester, b. and d. 
Feb. 27, 1854. 2. Lillie Adelaide, b. March 14, 1855. 3. 
Henry Walter, b. and d. March 9, 1857. 4. Charles Ellery, 
b. March 10, 18G1 ; d. July 30, 1861. 5. Edgar Parkman, 
b. Feb. 1, 1864. 
22. iii. Josiaii Ellery, b. Aug. 21, 1831. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. May 25, 1834; m. Oct. 22, 1856, John Knick- 
erbocker Grout, of Boston, and had: 1. Josiah Daniell, b. 
May 22, 1859; d. Sept. 12, 1867. 2. Grace Augusta, b. 
Feb. 24, 1861. 3. Frederick Solon, b. Aug. 22, 1872. 

v. Harriet Augusta, b. April 21, 1836 ; d. June 16, 1873. 

He married, second, Aug. 21, 1843, Maria J. Hedges, of Bos- 
ton, who died Feb. 28, 1866, and had: 
vi. Maria, b. June 21, 1844. 

14. Otis 7 (Jeremiah,* Jeremiah* Joseph, 4 Joseph,* Samuel, 2 
liobert 1 ), of Boston, was born in Needham, Dec. 8, 1.804, and died 
March 7, 1871. He married, first, Dec. 1, 1831, Mary Ann Grout 
(dau. of Moses G., of Westboro'), who died March 27, 1848, 
and had : 

i. Mary Grant, b. Jan. 27, 1833; m. Oct. 29, 1861, James 
Chaplin Fisk, of Cambridge, and had: 1. James Lyman, b. 
June 24, 1862. 2. Frederick Daniell, b. Aug. 12, 1864. 3. 
Otis Daniell, b. April 29, 1870. 4. Mary Warren, b. Aug. 13, 
1871 ; d. April 4, 1872. 5. Elinor Keith, b. March 13, 1873 ; 
d. March 15,1873. 

ii. Susan Emily, b. May 28, 1835 ; m. May 26, 1870, William 
Pitt Preble Longfellow, of Boston. 

iii. Lucy Catharine, b. March 4, 1837 ; m. Nov. 7, 1855, George 
Clarendon Crehore, of Newton, who d. Dec. 23, 1870, and 
had: 1. Mary Ann, b. Feb. 28, 1857. 2. Morton Stimson, 
b. Sept. 21, 1858. 3. Katharine Leighton, b. Feb. 14, 1862. 
4. Charles Lemuel, b. Feb. 6, 1867. 5. Lucy Clarendon, b. 
Aug. 5, 1871. 

iv. Caroline Elizabeth, b. April 8, 1839. 

v. Sarah Frances, b. Feb. 1, 1841. 

vi. Amelia, b. Jan. 4, 1843 ; m. Dec. 7, 1871, Thomas Hockley, 
of Philadelphia, and had : William Stevenson, b. in Paris, 
. France, Oct. 5, 1872. 

He married, second, March 4, 1854, Emily Brown (dau. of 
Simeon B., of Pittsficld), who died Oct. 31, 1865, and had : 
vii. Otis, b. and d. Dec. 4, 1854. 
viii. Reginald IIeber, b. Dec. 9, 1855 ; d. Dec. 23, 1857. 

15. Chester 7 (Jeremiah,* Jeremiah, b Joscjrfi, 4 Joseph , 3 Sam- 



192 The Baniel\ Family. [April, 

uel? Robert 1 ), of Boston, was born in Needham, Aug. 27, 1807, 
and died Feb. 16, 1859. He married, Oct. 14, 1833, Eunice James 
Selby (dau. of Capt. H. W. S.), who died Nov. 4, 1871, and had : 

i. Louisa Selby, b. Sept. 20, 1834 ; d. July 25, 1847. 

23. ii. Henry William, b. Oct. 8, 1837. 
hi. Maria Eunice, b. Oct. 31, 1841. 

iv. Louisa Selby, b. Nov. 23, d. Nov. 25, 1851. 

16. George Keith 7 (Jeremiah * Jeremiah? Joseph? Joseph? 
Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Needham (Grantville), was born June 11, 
1810 ; married, Nov. 21, 1833, Hannah Adams Grant, adopted dau. 
of Moses Grant, of Boston, dau. of Amasa and Mary [Adams] 
Fisk, of Medfield, and had : 

24. i. George Keith, b. Dec. 22, 1834. 

25. ii. Moses Grant, b. Sept. 9, 183G. 
iii. Susan Mary, b. May 31, 1846. 

17. Josiah Newell 7 (Josiah? Jeremiah? Joseph? Joseph? 
Samuel? Robert 1 ), of Boston (Roxbury), was born in Dedham 
Oct. 8, 1804. Married, Nov. 15, 1827, Sarah Hutchinson Penni- 
man (dau. of Samuel P., of Milford) , and had : 

i. CnARLES Pennhian, b. Sept. 18, 1828; m. Oct. 11, 1860, 
Henrietta Spring, dau. of George S., of Springfield, and had : 
Elizabeth Fiske, b. Oct. 1, 1861; d. May 7, 1862. He d. 
May 7, 1861. 

ii. Harriet Lucetta, b. May 30, 1830 ; m. June 4, 1856, Philip 
Henry Wentworth, of Boston, and had: 1. Sarah Eliza, b. 
Aug. 22, 1858. 2. Charles Daniell, b. Jan. 26, 1862. 3. 
Austin Sumner, b. Dec. 13, 1860 ; d. Jan. 23, 1872. 

iii. Sarah Newell, b. March 27, 1832 ; d. May 22, 1836. 

26. iv. William Henry, b. July 24, 1834. 

27. v. Edward Stowe, b. June 8, 1811. 

vi. Anna Battelle, b. Dec. 11, 1844; d. Feb. 16, 1849. 
vii. Maria Wilson, b. Oct. 13, 1852. 

18. Timothy 7 (Josiah? Jeremiah? Joseph? Joseph? Samuel? 
Robert 1 ), of Boston, was born in Dedham, Aug. 25, 1806 ; mar- 
ried, Nov. 30, 1837, Abby Phillips Kingsbury, dau. of Jeremiah 
K., of Needham, and had: 

i. Harriet Maria, b. Dec. 20, 1840 ; m. Nov. 15, 1866, Henry 
Townsend Miles, of Boston, who d. Dec. 30, 1867, and had : 
Henry Townsend, b. March 20, 1868; d. Feb. 1, 1873. 

28. ii. Reuben Newell, b. Aug. 23, 1847. 

19. Reuben 7 (Josiah? Jeremiah? Joseph? Joseph? Samuel? 
Robert 1 ), of Brooklyn, N. Y., was born in Dedham, Sept. 4, 
1813 ; married, June 26, 1844, Martha Callender, dau. of R. B. C, 
of Boston, and had : 

i. Henry Callender, b. June 17, 1848 ; d. July 27, 1871. 
ii. Caroline Callender, b. Nov. 28, 1853 ; d. Oct. 12, 1855. 

20. Warren Fisher 8 (Jeremiah F.? Jeremiah? Jeremiah? 



1874.] The Darnell Family. 193 

Joseph, 4 Joseph,* Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Franklin, N". H., was bom 
June 26, 182G ; married, first, Dec. 31, 1850, Elizabeth llundlett, 
who died Dec. 10, 1854, and had : 

i. Henry Warren, b. June 3, 1853. 

He married, second, Oct. 18, 1860, Abby A. Sanger, dau. of 
Charles II. S., of Concord, N. II., and had: 

ii. Eugene Sanger, b. April 7, 18G3. 

iii. Otis, b. July 22, 18C6. 

iv. Warren Fisiier, b. Dec. 25, 18G9. 

21. Francis Hayward 8 (Jeremiah F., 7 Jeremiah,* Jeremiah* 
Joseph* Joseph* Samuel, Bob er l l ), of Franklin, N. II., was born 
June 19, 1838; married, May 1, 1861, Martha Jane Haley, dau. 
of Daniel N. II., of Franklin, and had : 

i. Frederick Hat ward, b. May 4, 18C2. 
ii. Charles Fisiier, b. Dec. 8, 18G3. 
iii. Frank, b. Dec. 4, 18G8. 

22. Josiaii Ellery 8 (Josiah 7 Jeremiah, 6 Jeremiah," Joseph,* 
Joseph* Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Newton, was born in Boston, Aug. 
21, 1831 ; married, first, July 17, 1855, Frances Duroy Wilkinson 
(dau. of Ware W., of Boston), who died Feb. 18, 1858, — second, 
Oct. 18, 1859, Adeline Frances Houghton, dau. of Caleb C. II., of 
Boston, and had : 

i. Ann Eliza, b. July 0, 18G1. 

23. Henry William 8 (Chester, 7 Jeremiah, 9 Jeremiah,* Jo- 
seph, 4 Joseph, Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Boston, was born Oct. 8, 
1837; married, Oct. 9, I860, Anne Doane Wilde, dau. of Henry 
J. W., ofMedford. 

24. George Keith 8 (George Ii., 7 Jeremiah,* Jeremiah* Jo- 
seph,* Joseph, 3 Samuel 2 Robert 1 ), of Necdham (Grantville) , was 
born in Boston, Dec. 22, 1834 ; married, first, Dec. 24, 1861, Phebe 
Sophia Morse (dau. of Charles M., of Weston), who died June 27, 
1870, and had: 

i. Chester Morse, b. Feb. 25, 18G3. 
ii. George Lewis, b. Feb. 2G, 18G5. 
iii. Hannah Adams, b. May 9, 18G7. 

He married, second, Sept. 26, 1871, Matilda Morse, dau. of 
Charles M., of Weston. 

25. Moses Grant 8 ( George K. , 7 Jeremiah* Jeremiah * Joseph, 4, 
Joseph* Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Boston (Roxbury), was born in 
Boston, Sept. 9, 1836; married, first, July 26, 1864, Elizabeth 
Smith Parker (dau. of Alba P., of Providence, P. I.), who died 
April 19, 1865, and had : 

i. Moses Grant, b. April 19, 18G5 ; d. Sept. 2, 18G5. 

He married, second, July 24, 1872, Mary Fifield Porter, dau. of 
Thomas B. P., of Weymouth, and had : 
ii. Emily Anna, b. Nov. 1G, 1873. 



194 Family of William Smoyer, of Newbury. [April, 

2 6 . William Henry 8 (Josiah JST. , T Josiah, 9 Jeremiah ,* Joseph , 4 
Joseph , a Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), was born in Philadelphia, July 24, 
1834; married, Feb. 2, 1859, Mary Annie Eldred, adopted dau. 
of Nathaniel E., of Falmouth, and had : 

i. Charles Edward, b. June 19, 1860. 
ii. William Swift, b. April 26, 18G5. 
iii. Lucetta, b. Jan. 23, 18G7. 
iv. Mary Eldred, b. Nov. 2, 1870. 
v. George Spinney, b. April 12, 1873. 

27. Edward Stowe 8 (Josiah JST., 1 Josiah,* Jeremiah," Joseph,* 
Joseph* Samuel 2 Robert 1 ), of Brooklyn, N. Y., was born in Bos- 
ton, June 8, 1841 ; married, May 23, 1865, Elizabeth Warren, dau. 
of Charles C. W., of Brooklyn, and had: 

i. Anna Warren, b. Nov. 30, 18GG. 

28. Eetjben Newell 8 ( Timothy, 7 Josiah, 6 Jeremiah,' Joseph,* 
Joseph, 9 Samuel, 2 Robert 1 ), of Newton, was born in Needham, 
Aug. 23, 1847; married, Oet. 1, 1872, Isanella Gertrude Kimball, 
of Waterford, Me., and had : 

i. Alice, b. July 15, 1873; d. Aug. 7, 1873. 



FAMILY OF WILLIAM SAWYER, OF NEWBURY. 

By W. S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 

I HAVE undertaken to write the genealogy of the family founded 
in Newbury by William Sawyer. It is far from perfect, and I 
shall be glad to receive any additional facts or corrections. William 
Sawyer was born about 1613, as he called himself 05 when he took 
the oath of allegiance in 1678. He had a wife Ruth, and died in 
1702, administration on his estate being granted 1 March, 1703. 

William 1 and Ruth Sawyer had these children, born in Newbury : 

2. i. John 3 , b. 24 August, 1645. 

3. ii. Samuel, 2 b. 22 November, 1646. 

. iii. Ruth, 2 b. 16 September, 1648 ; m. 27 August, 1667, Benjamin 
Morse, 
iv. Mary, 2 b. 7 February, 1650 ; d. 24 June, 1659. 
v. Sarah, 3 b. 20 Nov. 1G51 ; m. 15 Jan. 1G69, Joshua Browne, 
vi. Hannah, 2 b. 23 February, 1654; d. 25 January, 1660. 

4. vii. William, 2 b. 1 February, 1656. 

viii. Frances, 3 b. 24 March, 1658; d. 7 February, 1660. 
ix. Mary, 2 b. 29 July, 1660; m. 13 June, 1683, John Emery; d. 
3 Nov. 1699. 

5. x. Stephen, 2 b. 25 April, 1663. 

xi. Hannah, 2 b. 11 January, 1665 ; d. 28 August, 1683. 
xii. Frances, 3 b. 3 November, 1670. 



9. 


ii. 




iii. 


10. 


iv. 




V. 


11. 


vi. 



1874.] Family of William Sawyer, of Newbury . 195 

2. John 3 ( William 1 ), m. at Newbury, 18 February, 1676, 
Sarah, daughter of John Poore ; died 18 March, 1688 ; his widow 
m. 27 November, 1707, Joseph Bayley, senior. Children of Joiln* 
and Sarah Sawyer : 

i. Ruth, 3 b. in N. 22 Sept. 1G77 ; had illegitimate children, 1701 
and 1705. 

6. ii. William, 3 b. in N. 29 April, 1679. 

iii. .Sarah, 3 b. in N. 20 May, 1081; m. 29 Jnne, 1702, Edward 

"Woodman, 
iv. John, 3 b. in N. 25 April, 1683 ; d. 19 March, 1688. 

7. v. Jonathan, 3 b. in N. 4 March, 1685. 
vi. David, 3 b. in N. 13 January, 1087. 

8. vii. John, 3 b. in N. 11 September, 1688, posthumous. 

3. Samuel 2 (William 1 ), m. in Newbury, 13 March, 1671, 
Mary, daughter of John Emery ; was freeman 12 May, 1675 ; d. 11 
February, 1718. Children: 

i. Mary, 3 b. in N. 20 January, 1672. 
Samuel, 3 b. in N. 5 June, 1674. 
JonN, 3 b. in N. 15 March, 1676; d. young. 
JosnuA, 3 b. in N. 

Hannah, 3 b. in N. 3 2 January, 1679. 
Josiaii, 3 b. in N. 20 January, 1681. 

12. vii. John, 3 b. in N. 23 February, 1683. 

viii. : , a dau. b. in N. 7 March, 1685 ; d. 26 March, 1685. 

13. ix. Benjamin, 3 b. in N. 27 October, 1686. 

4. William 2 (William 1 ), was a soldier in the Narragansett 
campaign, 1675 ; moved to Wells, in Maine, where he m. in 1677, 
Sarah, daughter of Francis Littlefield of Wells, widow of John 
Wells of Wells. He was a deputy in 1707, '16, '17, and died in 
Wells 7 June, 1718, and his widow in Jan. 1734. Children : 

i. Joseph, 3 b. in W. 14 August, 1678. 

14. ii. Francis, 3 b. in W. 6 March, 1081. 
l6. iii. Daniel, 3 b. in W. 26 May, 1683. 

iv. Hannah, 3 b. in W. 9 April, 1685. 
v. Ruth, 3 b. in W. 26 May, 1687. 

5. Stephen 2 (William 1 ), m. Ann (? Titcomb), and d. 8 
June, 1753 ; his wife d. 1 October, 1750, aged 83. Children : 

i. Ann, 3 b. in N. 1 August, 1687 ; m. 15 October, 1708, Ebenezer 
Sargent. 

16. ii. Daniel, 3 b. in N. 28 January, 1689. 

17. iii: Enoch, 8 b. in N. 22 June, 1091, 

18. iv. Stephen, 3 b. in N. 

v. Elizabeth, 3 b. in N. 26 June, 1703. 

6. William' (John,* William 1 ), in. in Newbury, 7 January, 
1702, Lydia, daughter of Israel Webster; she d. in Nov. 1774, 
aged 93. Children : 

i. Elizabeth, 4 b. in N. 1 October, 1702. 
ii. Saiiait, 4 b. in N. 11 January, 1700. 



196 Family of William Sawyer, of JSTewlury. [April, 

iii. Mart, 4 b. in N. 25 October, 1708. 

iv. William, 4 b. in N. 12 August, 1710 ; m. 2 April, 1735, Han- 
nah Follansbee. 
v. Lydia, 4 b. in N. 29 May, 1719. 
vi. Abner, 4 b. in N. G May, 1721. 

7. Jonathan 3 (John, 2 William 1 ), m. in Newbury, 10 January, 
1711, Mary, daughter of Nicholas Rawlins. Children : 

i. Elisiia, 4 b. in N. 31 October, 1714; in. 2 November, 1736, 

Rebecca Pike, 
ii. Abel, 4 b. in N. 15 August, 1718. 
iii. Moses, 4 b. in N. February, 1722. 

8. John 3 (John, 2 William 1 ), m. in Newbury, 25 November, 
1714, Abigail, daughter of Jonathan Thirla ; she d. 20 April, 1776, 
aged 80. Children : 

i. Abraham, 4 b. in N. 17 February, 1717. 

ii. MEniTABLE, 4 b. in N. 8 April, 1719. 

iii. Sarah, 4 b. in N. 10 November, 1721. 

iv. Abigail, 4 b. in N. 9 March, 1724, 

v. John, 4 b. in N. 31 July, 172G. 

vi. Mary, 4 b. in N. 2 March, 1730. 

9. Samuel 3 (Samuel, 2 William 1 ), m. in Newbury, 17 Decem- 
ber, 1702, Abigail, daughter of Joseph Goodridge ; d. 21 April, 
1723 ; she d. 14 October, 1722. Children : 

i. Samuel, 4 b. in N. 4 June, 1705. 

ii. Martha, 4 b. in N. 11 February, 1707; m. 16 May, 1728, 

Edmund Hale, who d. in May, 1788. 

iii. Abigail, 4 b. in N 2G May, 1709. 

iv. Joseph, 4 b. in N. 8 April, 1711. 

v. Mary, 4 b. in N. 3 October, 1712. 

vi. Edmund, 4 b. in N. 6 November, 1714. 

vii. Jacob, 4 b. in N. 4 June, 17 10. 

10. Joshua 3 (Samuel* William 1 ), had wife Elizabeth, and 
children : 

i. Joseph, 4 b. in N. 19 November, 1706. 

ii. Mary, 4 b. in N. 29 April, 1709. 

iii. Joshua, 4 b. in N. 14 December, 1711. 

iv. Nathan, 4 b. in N. 7 May, 1714. 

v. Sarah, 4 b. in N. 18 August, 1716. 

vi. Anne, 4 b. in N. 3 March, 1721. 

11. Josiati 3 (Samuel, 2 William 1 ), m. in Newbury, 22 Jan- 
uary, 1708, Tirza, daughter of Thomas Bartlett. Children: 

i. Josiaii, 4 b. in N. 12 April, 1709. 

ii. Tirza, 4 b. in N. 7 November, 1713. 

iii. Israel, 4 b. in N. 9 October, 1717. 

iv. Gideon, 4 b. in N. 15 December, 1719. 

v. Jamks, 4 b. in N. 12 May, 1722. 



1874.] Family of William Sawyer, of \Neiobury, 197 

12. John 3 (Samuel, 3 William 1 ), m. in Newbury, 25 December, 
1700, Mary, daughter, probably, of Nathaniel Merrill. Cliildren : 

i. Judith, 4 b. in N. 16 October, 1701. 
ii. John, 4 b. in N. 5 April, 1704. 

His wife d. 21 February, 1708, and he m. secondly, in 1711, 
Sarah, widow of Samuel Sybley of Salem. Children : 

hi. Lydia, 4 b. in N. 29 March, 1712. 

iv. Eunice, 4 b. in N. 21 January, 1715 ; m. in March, 173G, Joshua 

Woodman, 
v. Lois, 4 b. in N. 21 July, 1718. 

13. Benjamin 3 (Samuel, 2 William 1 ), had wife Elizabeth, and 
children : 

i. Benjamin, 4 b. in N. 2 March, 171 G. 

ii. Elizabeth, 4 b. in N. 2 Soptemher, 1718. 

14. Francis 3 (William, 2 William 1 ), m. in 1705, Elizabeth 
Dennis, of Ipswich ; lived in Wells ; was a deputy in 1720, '21 ; 
received land in Narragansett No. 1, now Buxton, in right of his 
father. Children : 

i. Joseph, 4 b. in W. 8 Dec. 1706 ; d. 2 March, 1774. 

ii. Elizabeth, 4 b. in W. 5 Sept. 1709 ; m. in 1730, Isaac Apple- 
ton, of Ipswich; d. 29 April, 1785. 

iii. Samuel, 4 b. in W. 11 June, 1712. 

iv. Abigail, 4 b. in W. 1 March, 1715; m. 23 Sept. 173G, Daniel 
Gilman. 

v. Mary, 4 b. in W. 25 March, 1717. 

vi. Daniel, 4 b. in W. 25 Jan. 1719, m. Frances, dau. of Arthur 
Ahbot of Ipswich. 

vii. Unice, 4 h. in W. G July, 1722. 

After the death of his wife he married secondly, in 1725, widow 
Susanna Low r , of Ipswich, and died in Ipswich, 31 August, 1756. 

15. Daniel 3 (William, 2 William 1 ), had wife Sarah, and 
children : 

i. William, 4 b. in W. 6 Feb. 1705. 

ii. Sarah, 4 b. in W. G Oct. 1708. 

iii. Lydia, 4 b. in W. 14 Aug. 1710. 

iv. Daniel, 4 b. in W.A April, 1712 ; d. 9 Nov. 1713. 

v. Hannah, 4 b. in W. 29 March, 1714. 

16. Daniel 3 (Stephen* William 1 ), had wife Sarah, and died 
22 Oct. 1781. Children: 

i. Anne, 4 b. in N. 14 Jan. 1717. 

17. ENOCn, 3 Dr. (Stephen, 2 William 1 ), m. Sarah, daughter 
of Rev. Jonathan Fierpont, of Reading, who died 3 Sept. 1773,, 
aged 75 ; he died 15 Nov. 1771. Children : 

i. , b. in N. 12 May, 1722 ; d. 14 May, 1722. 

ii. Enoch, 4 b. in N. 19 April, 1723. 
iii. Mary, 4 b. in N. 11 Sept. 1725. 
vol. xxix. 18 



198 Letter of Gen, Washington to Gov. Trumbull. [April, 

iv. Anna, 4 b. in N. 15 Sept. 1727. 
v. Edmund, 4 b. in N. 28 April, 1730. 

vi. Micajah, 4 b. in N. 15 July, 1737; II. C. 175G ; m. S. Farn- 
ham; d. 29 Sept. 1815. 

18. Stephen 8 (Stephen* William 1 ), had wife Sarah, and 
children : 

i. Jacob, 4 b. in N. 23 Sept. 1719. 
ii. Moses, 4 b. in N. 30 Sept. 1721. 
iii. Miriam, 4 b. in N. 28 Oct. 1723. 
iv. Elizabeth, 4 b. in N. 23 Dec. 1725. 
v. Aaron, 4 b. in N. 30 June, 1729. 



LETTER 1 OF GEN. WASHINGTON TO GOV. TRUMBULL, ON 
THE DEATH OF HIS FATHER. 

Communicated by the Hon. Leaiined Hebard, of Lebanon, Conn. 

Mount Vernon, Oct. l rt 1785. 
My Dear Sir : 

It has so happened that your letter of the first of last month did not 
reach me until Saturday's post. You know too well the sincere respect & 
regard I entertained for your venerable father's public and private character, 
to require assurance of the concern I felt for his death — or of that sympa- 
thy in your feelings for the loss of him which is prompted by friendship. 
Under this loss however great as your pangs may have been at the first 
shock, you have everything to console you. 

A long & well spent life in the service of his country placed Gov* Trum- 
bull amongst the first of Patriots. 

In the social duties he yielded to none, — and his lamp, from the com- 
mon course of nature being nearly extinguished — worn down with age & 
cares, but retaining his mental faculties in perfection, are blessings which 
rarely attend advanced life. All these combining have secured to his mem- 
ory unusual respect & love here, and no doubt immeasurable happiness 
hereafter. 

I am sensible that none of these observations can have escaped you — 
that I can offer nothing which your own reason has not already suggested 
upon this occasion — and being of Sterne's opinion that " before an affliction 
is digested, consolation comes too soon — and after it is digested, it comes 
too late : there is but a mark between these two as fine almost as a hair, 
for a comforter to take aim at." I rarely attempt it — nor shall I add more 
on this subject to you, as it only be a renewal of sorrow, by recalling afresh 
to your remembrance things which had better be forgotten. 

My principal pursuits are of a rural nature, in which I have great de- 
light, especially as I am blessed with the enjoyment of good health. Mrs. 

1 This letter is printed from a copy in the handwriting of Gov. Joseph Trumbull (1732- 
1 SGI), grandson of Gov. Jonathan Trumbull (1710-1785), who states in a note appended to 
the copy, which is addressed to William T. Williams, Esq., of Lebanon, Ct., that the. original 
was then in the possession of Mrs. Wadsworth, with sundry others from the hand of Gen. 
Washington.— [Editoh.] . 



1874.] Notes and Qiferies. 199 

Washington on the contrary is hardly ever well, but thankful for your kind 
remembrance of her, and joins me in every good wish for you, Mrs. Trum- 
bull & your family. Be assured that with sentiments of the purest esteem 
& regard I am Dear Sir 

Y r affect friend and 
Obedient Servant, 

G°. Washington. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Noun, JonN [Register, xxviii. 4G]. — The examination of John Nolin was to refute 
the statements of John Thickpenny in his deposition printed in vol. i. of the " New- 
Haven Colonial Records." This John Nolin is doubtless the same person as John 
Woolen of the N. II. Records. C. J. Uoadly. 

Hartford, Conn 

Green, Timothy. — Information is desired concerning the parentage of Timothy 
Green, who was in 1714 printer to the colony of Connecticut, and lived in New- 
London. Savage says (Gen. Diet. ii. 306) he was son of Samuel (son of Samuel of 
Cambridge), who was born March 6, 1618, married Elizabeth Sill, 1685, and died of 
small-pox, 1690. This is improbable, for the reason that no record is found in Boston 
Registry of the births of any children of Samuel (No. 2) and Elizabeth Green, and 
that Timothy's tomb-stone in New-London gives 1679 as the date of his birth. 
Moreover Timothy had a child born in 1703 (Records of second church, Boston). 
Probably Timothy was the youngest son of Samuel of Cambridge, by his second wife 
Sarah, dau. of Jonas Clark. 

My reasons for this belief are: 1st, that the Boston News-Letter, in an obituary 
notice of Bartholomew Green, son of Samuel of Cambridge, published in 1732, says 
that Samuel had eight children by his wife Sarah. Savage gives only six, the last 
of whom was born Sept. 6, 1671. 2dly, in the Middlesex Registry of Deeds there is 
a conveyance, dated Aug. 2, 1707, by Jonas Green, of New-London, mariner, Bar- 
tholomew Green, printer, Joseph Green, tailor, and Timothy Green, printer, all of 
Boston, and Sarah Green, relict, widow of Capt. Samuel Green, late of Cambridge, 
to Nathaniel Hancock, of a house and land in Cambridge. Jonas and Bartholomew 
are the only sons of Samuel's second marriage given in Savage. It seems clear 
enough that Joseph and Timothy are the two needed to make out the full number 
of eight children as stated in the News- Letter. It is true that Samuel, of Cambridge, 
had a son Joseph by his first marriage, but Savage thinks him the Joseph who died 
in 1672. Jonas is clearly the person of that name who was in New-London in 1694, 
according to Savage, and of whose family Savage was ignorant, he says. 3rdly, 
Jonas was a common name among the descendants of Timothy Green. He had a eon 
of the name, and so did his Bon Thomas. Timothy was, I believe, married three 
times. His first wife's name (if ho had three wives) I cannot learn. The others 
were Mary Flint, daughter of Capt. John Flint, of Concord ; and Abigail Hill, 
daughter of Capt. Charles Hill, of New-London. I shall be glad of any information 
concerning the wives and children of Timothy Green, as well as any other fact cor- 
roborating my suggestion as to his parentage. 

Coor-Eit, Thomas. — Who was the father of Thomas Cooper, of Boston, who married 
Mehitable Minot before 1688, and died about 1704? He was father of the Rev. 
William and grandfather of the Rev. Dr. Samuel, of Brattle street Church. Savage 
says (Gen. Diet. i. 451) that he was perhaps son of Josiah, of Boston, who had a son 
Thomas, born 16(55. But in Josiah Cooper's will (Suffolk Probate, vol. vi. p 277), 
dated Sept. 16, 1678, he names no sons, and yet this son Thomas, if living, would 
have been only 13 years old. Josiah names his wife, two daughters, and several 
other members of his family, and if he had had minor sons it seems certain that they 
would have been named. 

The date of the marriage of Thomas Cooper to Mehitable Minot I have not found, 
but his son Thomas was born June 27, 1688. 

Cox, Thomas and Abigail. — I should bo glad of any information regarding 



200 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Thomas and Abigail Cox, of Boston, who had a daughter Abigail, born June 12, 
1743. I find on the Boston Records that Thomas Cox (or Cock) married Feb. 20, 
1740, Abigail Cock. I also find the marriage of Thomas Cock and Eliza Gord, Oct. 
30, 1718. Whether Thomas, who married Abigail, was son of Thomas and Eliza, I 
am ignorant, as also about the family of Abigail. 
Boston, Mass. W. E. Perkins. 

Sergeant, Peter, Esq., of Boston. — His will, signed January 17, 17U (in presence 
of Nathi Williams, Stephen Minot and Tho 8 Creese), and prob. Feb'y 19, 17U, 
mentions his present wife "Mehetabel," his wife's son Mr. William Cooper ; also 
his wife's " three children." lie leaves legacies to his brother and sister-in-law 
Eliakim Hutchinson, Esq., and Sarah his wife and their children, Messrs. William 
Hutchinson and wife, Thomas Palmer and wife, Spencer Phipps and wife ; to his 
wife's kinswoman Mrs. Hannah Ellis ;— to the aforenamed Mrs. Sarah Hutchinson 
and to the two children of Mrs. Abigail Bourne, of London, deceased, "sister to 
Elizabeth my second wife, in testimony of their respects to me and my said late 
wife and just concern to have right done her as to her portion of their father's 
estate ; " — to Peter Allen and Mary his wife, bed and bedding, &c, " at their house 
which were sometime used there by myself and my former wife " ; — to " my nephew 
Thomas Sergeant, son of my brother Henry Sergeant, deceased," — to " my two sur- 
viving sisters " ; and to the children of " my deceased brethren and sisters." He 
speaks also of his part (one-sixth) of the estate left by his brother, Mr. Joseph 
Sergeant, deceased, intestate. He appoints his nephew, Thomas Sergeant, executor, 
but, " in regard of his absence," he appoints Messrs. Thomas Palmer and William. 
Hutchinson executors in trust until his nephew " come to New-England." 

He must then have had four wives ; the second of whom is shown by the above to 
have been Elizabeth, dau. of Henry Shrimpton. According to Savage she died 10th 
Nov., 1700, and he m. 9th Oct. foil., Mary, the wid. of Sir William Phips, who first 
was wid. of John Hall and dau. of Capt. Roger Spencer. Next he m. 19th Dec, 
1706, Mehitable, wid. of Thomas Cooper, dau. of James Minot, who outlived him. 

The question arises — Who was his first wife? Perhaps the following copy of a 
letter which is among the Curwen Papers, in the Rooms of the Antiquarian Society 
in Worcester, may throw light on the matter: 

" Bro. Corwin } 
Bro. Jonath n V " Charlestown 13.10.1682. 

Bro. Browne, ) 

" Gentlemen, 

" These few lines are to inform you that I intend tomorow night to be married, it 
is sooner than when 1 was with you did think it would be therefore did not inform 
you of it. If I may have y r . company I shall take it kindly, there will be but few 
persons there tomorow night, but next day Mr. Hutchenson hath all his friends & 
if you can come it will be well taken. I am in great haste therefore can only add 
that I am yr. affectionate Brother 

Peter Sargent. 

The three gentlemen to whom the above epistle was addressed were undoubtedly 
Messrs. John and Jonathan Corwin (sons of Capt. George and Elizabeth (Her- 
bert) Corwin), and Mr. William Browne, who married their sister Hannah. 

In view of the above, I would suggest that Mr. Sergeant's first wife was Elizabeth, 
dau. of Capt. George and Elizabeth (Herbert) Corwin, b. 2d July, 1648. 

Henry F. Waters. 



Masters, JonN, of Salem. — [Extracts from the Records of Salem.] John Masters 
and Deborah Dove. Ch. 7— Elizabeth, John, Jonathan and Samuel. 

John Masters and Elizabeth Ormes, married 17 July, 1678. Son John born 24. 
7-81. Elizabeth (wife) died 29. 7-81. Said John, their son, died 27. 7-82. 

John Masters his dau. Eliza, born by his wife Doves daughf last of July 1684. 
Yr son John born 15 Feb. 1687. Jonathan bora 10 Novem. 1689. Samuel born 1" 
Octo. 93. 

The above seems plain enough on the original record. The transcriber of the 
eopy in the Salem Court House must have been careless in his reading, for his copy 
has it" wife D ores " ; and Savage has followed (perhaps copied) the error. The 
following record, found by me in another volume, would seem to settle the matter : 



1874.] Notes and Queries. 201 

John Masters and Deborah Dove md. at Marblehead Oct. 18, 1683 by Moses Mav- 
erick Esq. 

I find also that he had another child, Ilanna, baptized Feb. 27, 1703. Malachi 
Foote and Elizabeth Masters were married Dec. 13, 1710. Penn Townsend and 
Ilanna Masters published their intention of marriage Aug. 7, 1731. 

In Prob. Rec. of Essex Co., L. 13, F. 157, I find record of will of John Masters, 
of Salem, mariner, signed Feb'y 13, 1720-1, in pres. of Malachi Foote, Christopher 
Babbidge and Stephen Sewall : prob. July 29, 1721. He leaves all his est., both 
real and personal, to his wife, Deborah, whom he appoints executrix. He owned 
and occupied the lot on the easterly corner of Essex and Turner Streets, purchased 
by him, 12th April, 1G90, of Edward Wolland, shoreman, bd. on S. and E. by Id. of 
Isaac Foote. A narrow strip of this lot he sold to his " son-in-law, Malachi Foote," 
Feb. 13, 1720-21 (the day his will was signed). 

I find no record of the death of his widow; but on the 7th of Sept., 1759, Eliza- 
beth Foote, wid.j and Hannah Townsend, wid., divide the above described estate 
between them. 

Suffolk Co. Prob. Rec, B. 22, L. 392, Dec. 21, 1722, Jonathan Masters, mariner, 
of Salem, is app. adin'r, on the est. of his brother, John Masters, mariner, dec'd, 
late of Charles City in the province of South Carolina. And in the inventory of his 
estate, B. 23, L. 32, ho is spoken of as Capt. John Masters, formerly of Salem, late 
of Charleston, &c. 

Jonathan survived his brother about ten years and his estate was administered 
npon in Boston, Feb'y 14, 1732, by his bro.-in-law, Malachi Foote, of Salem, shore- 
man. Of the third son, Samuel, I find no mention, other than of his birth, as 
above. 

1 have sought thus far in vain to trace the parentage of the above-named John 
Masters, but can get hold of no clue to connect him either with Mr. John Masters, 
who died in Cambridge 1638-9, Abraham or Nathaniel, of Beverly, or with any 
other of the name. Of his wives, the first, Elizabeth, was I suppose dau. of John 
and Mary Ormes, of Salem, and born Dec. 24, 1660; the second, Deborah, dau. of 
Matthew and Hannah Dove, and born Dec. 10, '65. In a deed of Matthew Dove, 
planter, and wife Hannah, to Joseph Grafton, Jr., 24. 8. '61, her name is signed 
u Hannah Archer." May it be that through inadvertence 6he wrote her maiden 
name? 

Henry F. Waters. 

Spooner, Paul. — The " Records of the Council of Safety and Governor and 
Council of the State of Vermont," Vol. 1., has recently made its appearance. On 
page 129, is a biographical notice of Doctor Paul Spooner. The editor is in error in 
stating that : — " He removed from Hartland to Hardwick, and was the first town 
clerk of the last named town, elected March 31, 1795. He was also its first repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly, and served as such three years, in 1797, 1798 
and 1799." 

Dr. Paul Spooner was a son of Dea. Daniel and Elizabeth (Ruggles) Spooner, of 
Petersham, Mass. ; was b. March 20, 1746 ; d. Sept. 5, 1789. His second child was 
Paul S , 1772. It was this Paul S. who was among the early settlers of Hard- 
wick, Vt. The first meeting of the inhabitants of that town was held at the dwell- 
ing house of Mark Morris, March 31, 1795, — at which meeting Paul Spooner was 
elected town clerk, and he was re-elected the two following years. He represented 
the town in the state legislature the three years as stated above, and was also a 
justice of the peace 1796 and '97. From the last year of his election as representa- 
tive, we have nothing certain as to him. It is represented that he was a young man 
of more than ordinary ability. His father for fourteen years had been one of the 
most prominent men of Vermont. The son is said to have yielded to the allurement 
of the Avine-cup, to have fallen, and to have gone to an early grave, in poverty, — to 
have perished by winter exposure in Maine. 

Nine of the Spooner family held proprietary interests, of 200 acres each, in the- 
new town of Hardwick. 

Newark, O. Thomas Spooner. 



TnE Bennetts. — John Bennett, a weaver by trade, was a native of Bristol, Eng- 
land, and was the son of Peter Bennett, born in 1612. At twenty-two years of ago 
he came to Jamestown, Virginia, but for w r ant of suitable employment he removed 
to Beverly, Mass. There he married Deborah Graves, and at the time of the Salem 
witchcraft he removed to Weymouth, where he stayed one year. Thence in 1678 

VOL. xxix. 18* 



202 



Notes and^ Queries. 



[April. 



he removed to Middleboro', and in 1G92 purchased a farm of William Nelson and 
there built a house. The farm has been the residence of some of his family ever 
since. My father, my grandfather, my great-grandfather, my great-great-grand- 
father were all brought up on that farm, and it is still owned by Jacob Bennett, one 
of John Bennett's descendants. 1 have slept several nights in the very house, but 
it is now taken down. 

The above statement was furnished by Asaph Bennett of Gaysville, Vt., to Rev. 
Bennett Eaton, with Family Tree, dated Feb. 2G, 1853. 

Middlcbury, Vt. P. Battell. 



Mumford, William. — In a letter of James Claypoole, a Friend, and an early 
settler of Pennsylvania, is the following, written before he came to this country. 
The letter is addressed to " John Spread," with no designation of his place of resi- 
dence. It is dated from " London the 29 th 7 th mo. 1681." After speaking of the 
character of New- England merchants, Claypoole says : " I am earnestly desired by 
a friend of mine in Worcestershire to make Inquiry for one Wm. Mumford a Sione 
Cutter in Boston whether he be living or not it living that in thy next Letter he 
may write a few lines and it may be attested by some that comes over in the next 
ship to end a law sute for one that holds an estate during his life." 

Camden, New- Jersey. William Joiin Potts. 



Boston Light Infantry in the War of 1812. — The following is a Boll of the 
Boston Light Infantry Co. that served at " Fort Strong," now Fort Warren, Boston 
Harbor, during the war of 1812. Henry Sargent was captain, but being placed 
on the staff, Gedney King, lieutenant, commanded. 



i Gedncy King 

Henry Codman 

J. N. Hinckley 

E. T. F. Richardson 

Peter Mcintosh 

Thomas Mason 

J. D. Bass 

George Palmer 

Samuel Dunn, Jr. 

John Grant 

Wm. G. Smith 

Eben Pope 

John Fowle 

Augustus Moore 

Nathaniel Gainage 

Charles Grant 

George Lane 

James Tiles ton 

Thomas Tileston 

I). Otis 

Simon Gardner 

Abiel Winship 

Jesse Capen 

Eben Burditt 

J. M. Grecnough 

Charles llolbrook 

S. Perry 

Names of members returned to Capt 



David Parker, Jr. 
George B. Carey 
S. Folsom 
Joseph Vila 
Joseph Eustis 
John Heath 
F. P. Kettell 
Ed. Winslow 
Ebcn'r Barnard 
Henry N. Hooper 
John Russell 
Arthur Fessenden 
Eldad Rogers 
James B. Richardson 
George Bartlett 
Selden Braynard 
Eben'r French 
Joseph Burdakin 
John Kettell 
J. W. Burditt 
J. B. Bannister 
Robert Elswell 
Henry. Burditt 
J. 11. Church 
Charles Pope 
David Marston 
II. B. Austin 

Kino: 



0. C. Tileston 
John Bowen 
Calvin Haven 
II. 0. Dawes 
J. B. Fanning 
E. W. AVilliams 
John Leverett 
Samuel Woods 
Isaac Danforth 
S. B. White 
G. W. Clark 
R. II. Parker 
David Rogers 
P. B. Bazin 
John Clark, Jr. 
Daniel A. Simmons 
Consider II. Hammett 
Charles Blanchard 
Porter Kettell 
James Ingersoll 
Otis Bussey 
Joseph Whitney 
John Bonner 
Cyrus Barrett 
William Mackey 
Richard C. Cabot 



Lothrop R. Thacher, sick. 



W. C. Coolidi 
W. Chase, 
John B. Blanchard, 
Jacob T. Wild, 
Jonas Wyman, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Sol Hopkins, 
11. Bigelow, 
J. Otis, 
B. C. Billings, 
Boston. 



abs. 



,. October 13, 1814, viz. : 
Joseph Eustis, after to-day 
Eben'r Frothingham, abs. of course 
J. S. Barnard, excused 
F.G.Bali 

Francis Lincoln, " 

Ben j. Thompson, " 
L.M.Sargent, 
Mich'l Mellen, 
E. Barnard 
Charles Winslow, in part 

James B. Richardson. 



1874.] Notes and Queries. 203 

Stone, Elias, of Charlestown [Register, xxviii]. — I am now able to answer, in part, 
my own query, made in the last number of the Register. Elias Stone mar. May 
10, 1686, Abigail Long, and their relationship to Deacon Win. 'Stitson is thus made 
clear. She was dau. ol Mr. John Long (who succeeded his lather, Mr. Robt. Long, 
as keeper of the Great Ordinary in Oharlestown) by his first wife, Abigail, dau. of 
Capt. Francis and Mrs. Mary Norton. Capt. Norton died July 27, 1067, and his 
widow was married, Aug. 22, 1670, to Deacon Stitson. 1 find by the will of Mr. 
Long, and the superscription on the will of his son, John, that young Abigail Long 
(b. Nov. 15, '68,) was brought up by her grandmother Stitson, which sufficiently 
explains wh} r she and her husband, Stone, received a life-estate in the bulk of Deac. 
Stitson 's property, which on their deaths was to go to their children ; especially as 
I find, on reference to deeds, most of this property had formerly belonged to her 
grandfather, Capt. Norton. 

The names of her children who were living in 1732 were Elias, John, Thomas, 
Robert, Richard, Sarah, Abigail, Mary, Elizabeth, Hannah and Rebecca. Of these 
Sarah mar. Benj. Wheeler, Abigail mar. Benj. Waters, (son of Stephen and Sarah 
(Carter) Waters, and gr. son of Lawrence and Anna (Linton) Waters) ; Mary mar. 
John Sherman, Elizabeth mar. Robert Ilussey, and Rebecca mar. Philip Carteret. 
1 am inclined to think that Elias Stone, jr. (b. June 19, 1687), mar. Abigail, dau. 
of Jacob Waters (by his wife Sarah, dau. of Daniel Hudson of Lancaster) ; for I 
find their names attached to a receipt from Adam Waters of her portion of her father 
Jacob's estate, Sept. 14, 1719. Henry F. Waters. 



Hope Hood's Point. — In the Register for 1866, page 373, 1 called attention to the 
interesting facts that a point of land on the north side of the "Three Creeks," 
abutting on Back River, in Dover, N.H., bore the significant name of " Hope Hood's 
Point," and that local tradition assigned to this place the death and burial of the 
famous Indian Chief, Hope Hood, son of Robin Hood. The discovery of record evi- 
denee that this was the current name of this point of land as early as 1701, was the 
immediate occasion of that communication. Recently I have discovered an ancient 
record, wherein it appears that it bore this name in 1691, seven years earlier, and 
only five years after the death of Hope Hood. 

While history indicates that this Indian warrior was killed in 1690, at some in- 
definite place to the westward of this, still he must be allowed to have some connec- 
tion with this locality. His name affixed so early to this spot, and this tradition, for 
several generations, in this neighborhood, are weighty matters. His bloody deeds 
in Kittery and Newington, both near by, the same year he met his own fate, show 
that he was no stranger in this region. He may have been a dweller here in times 
of peace; for it is a charming locality, quiet and retired, and yet hard by the 
waters of the great Piscataqua river. It was granted to my great ancestor, John 
Tuttle, in 1642, and it has been ever since in the possession of the family. When I 
was a lad, I often visited this spot, partly on account of its romantic beauty, and the 
thrilling story told of it, but more, perhaps, for the wild grape which grew in pro- 
fusion on the sunny banks of the creek. Old people then used to relate that the 
"memorable tygre, Hope Hood," as Mather expressively styles him, was here killed 
and buried. Some affirmed that the groans of the old warrior had been heard on 
divers occasions. A hollow place surrounded with a ridge of earth, all overgrown 
with forest trees, used to suggest to me an artificial excavation, which I associated 
with the grave of Hope Hood. Not long ago an aged and intelligent woman told me 
that when she was a young girl living at her lather's house, which was within a 
mile of this Point, there came one day several persons with picks and shovels, and a 
woman on horseback bearing a hazel wand, and going as they said to Hope Hood's 
Point to dig for treasure at the grave of the old Indian. This was about seventy-five 
years ago. What they found no one ever heard, but the monument of their hopeful 
labors may be seen to this day. C. W. Tuttle. 

Rogers, William. — Information is desired concerning a William Rogers, who, 
with wife Ann and a large family of children, resided, 1614-52, in Southampton, 
L. I., and afterward removed to Huntington, L. I., where he died. His descendants 
are numerous on Long Island and in Connecticut. 1 wish to ascertain at what time 
he came to this country, his first place of residence here, and his native place in 
England. 

Albany, N.Y. G. K. Howell. 



204 Notes and. Queries. [April, 

Sanford and Barnes. — Elihu 1 Sanford married Rachel Strong, who was prob. 
the eldest child of Eluathan and Patience (Jenners) Strong, of Woodbury, Conn., 
and b. June 20, 1713. 

Among their children was David, 2 b. in New Milford, Conn., Dec. 11, 1737 ; m. 
in 1757, Bathsheba Ingersoll of Gt. Barrington ; settled as a minister in Medway, 
Mass., and died April7, 1810. 

Another son, 2 whose name is wanting, married Susanna Mitchell, bap. Oct. 15, 
1752, dau. of Asahel and Olive (Root) Mitchell of Woodbury, Conn., and aunt of 
Minot Mitchell of White Plains, N. Y. Of their children : 

Mitchell 3 removed to Kentucky, and Truman 3 settled in Greenville, Greene co., 
N.Y., where he m. Silence Tuttle, dau. of (Jonathan?) Tuttle from Woodbury, 
Conn., and had Alathea, 4 b. 1797, who m. Erastus Barnes, b. 1792, at Norton Hill, 
Greene co., N. Y., son of Parish and (Huldah Burlinghame?) Barnes, who were 
from Conn., and located finally in Huntersland, Schoharie co., N. Y. 

Genealogical information respecting any of the above persons is solicited. 
214 W. Uthst.,N. Y. I. J. Greenwood. 



Col. Mansfield's Regiment at Winter Hill, in 1775. Tite Captains Fix their 
Relative Rank. — [The following is a copy of a paper, endorsed, " Proceedings of 
officers of Col. Mansfield's Regt.," found among the papers of Capt. Addison Rich- 
ardson, who died in Salem, July 31, 1811. — II. F. Waters.] 

" Camp on Winter Hill, August y e 27 th , 1775. 
" The Capts. of Col. Mansfield's Reg 1 assembled and chose a Moderator and clerk 
of s d Meeating and Passed the following Votes. Viz. 

1 st Voted that Cap 1 Ezra Newhall he Moderator of s d Meeating. 
2 d, y Voted that Increase Newhall be Clerk of s d Meeting. 
3 d] y Voted to settle the Rank of Officers by Lot and abide thereby. 
4 th 'y Voted that Cap 1 Newhall be the First Cap 1 in the Regiment. 
Voted that Cap 1 Richardson be the second, 
that Cap 1 Francies Be the third, 
that Cap 1 Barnes Be the Fourth, 
that Cap 4 Putnam Be the Fifth, 
that Cap 1 Brown Be the Sixth, 
that Cap 1 Foster Be the Seventh, 
that Cap' Kimball Be the Eighth, 
that Cap 1 Low be the Ninth, 
that Capt Prince Be the Tenth. 
Cap 1 Newhall 



Cap 1 Richardson 
Cap 1 Francies 
Cup Barnes 
Cap 1 Brown 
Cap 1 Foster 



Cap' Low 
Cap 1 Print 



Members Being Present. 



Cap 1 Kimball and Cap 1 Putnam not Being Present, 
ip' Prince 

5*% Voted that s d Copey Be transmitted to the Committy. 
A true coppy attest Cap 1 Ezra Newhall, Moderator. 

Increase Newhall, Clerk. 



" August ye 31 8t 1775. 
The Cap 13 of Co 11 Mansfield's Reg 1 Meet and Passed the Following Votes Viz. 
1 st Voted that Cap 1 Newhall Be Moderator. 

2 (1| y that the first settlement as it now stands on the Brigade Maj ra Books Be Not 
satisfactory. 

3 dlvr that the alotment of the 27 of August be satisfactory. 
4 th, y that the Meeting be Disolved without Date. 
All the Cap 18 Were Present at the Last Meeting." 



Belcher. — [Register, xxvi'ii. 239-45.] I can give you a few notes in addition 
to what you published in your number for July, 1873, respecting the Belcher family. 

As you mention, Andrew Belcher died Oct. 31, 1717, and his wile Sarah died 
January 20, 1089. 

By his will, dated Oct. 17, 1717, after sundry payments, he leaves £50 to the 
south church, and JL750 to each of his daughters : Sarah, wife of Capt. John Foyc, 
of Charlcstown ; Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Oliver, of Boston ; Anna, wile of Oliver 



1874.] Notes mid Queries. 205 

Noyes, of Boston ; and Martha, -wife of Anthony Stoddard, of Boston : and one third 
part of the residue real and personal to his wife Hannah, "according to certain 
articles of agreement by me made before my marriage to her, leaving to her to dis- 
pose of such part thereof to such of my relations as she shall think lit, by her last 
will and testament, or otherwise. 

" Lastly, the other two-thirds of my remaining estate, as well real as personal, 
wheresoever the same is laying or may be found, I give, demise, and bequeath 
the same unto my loving son Jonathan Belcher, of Boston, aforesaid, merchant, 
and to his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns forever." 

By this will it appears that he left a widow Hannah at the time of his death, so 
that he must have been married at some time after the death of his first wife, Sarah. 

Gov. Jonathan Belcher, about two years after the death of his father, sold his 
house on Brattle street, Cambridge, conveyed by deed dated Dec. 1, 1719. This 
house was probably inherited from his father. 

Cambridge. Samuel Batchelder. 

Embargo, a Reminiscence of the American. — The following may be read 270 
different ways, beginning at the centre letter E ; and we are well convinced, that, 
let us look at the Embargo in 270 times 270 points of view, the consequence will 
be as we have pointed out. — British Naval Chronicle, vol. xxx. July to Dec. 1813. 

suni urlliwillruinus 

uniurlliwowillruinu 

niurlliwogowillruin 

i urlliwogrgowillrdi 

urlliwogrargowillru 

rlliwograbargowillr 

lliwograbmbargowill 

liwograbmEmbargowil 

lliwograbmbargowill 

rlliwograbargowillr 

urlliwogrargowillru 

iurlliwogrgowi llrui 

niurlliwogowillruin 

uniurlliwowi llruinu 

SUNIURLLIW ILLRUINUB 



Lortng — Baker. — John Loring, Hull (son of John, and grandson of Dea. Thomas 
L.) , born June 28, 1680, marricct, 1703, Jane, daughter of Samuel Baker ; had seven 
children, all born in Hull; afterward removed to' Ilingham. Who was Samuel 
Baker? Was it he (son of the Rev. Nicholas B.) who was of Hull, freeman 1G77, 
married Fear Robinson, and removed to Barnstable 1687? He had children : John, 
Nathaniel, Mary, Grace, perhaps Samuel and Hannah ; but I find no mention of a 
daughter Jane in his family, or that of any other Samuel B. 

Gray — Standish. — Andrew Gray (son of John), born in Harwich, Sept. 29, 1707i 
was of N. Yarmouth, Me., 1745, and died there 1757. He married (probably for 
his second wife) Zeruiah, widow of Andrew Ring, of N. Yarmouth, and supposed 
daughter of Ebenezer Standish of Plympton. Andrew Gray had children: John, 
Andrew, Mehitable, Rhoda, Joshua, perhaps Ebenezer— the last two I think by wife 
Zeruiah. I desire information regarding A. G.'s first marriage, date and place, 
name of first wife, and date of her death. Also regarding second wife. As to the 
family of Ebenezer Standish, I have only what is given by Mitchell (Bridgcwater, p. 
308, and erratum, p. 402) . Is any more known ? 

(Station B.), Brooklyn, N. Y. Edward P. Cutter. 

Willougiiby. — Information is desired of the English ancestry of Dep. Gov. Francis 
Willoughby, son of Col. William Willoughby, of Portsmouth, in Hampshire. Ilia 
mother's name was Elizabeth ( Elizabeth what ?). Francis Willoughby was admitted 
an inhabitant of Charlestown, Mass., Aug. 1638, and was in the public service till 
his death in 1671. 

Articles which he left to his descendants have the arms of the great English 
Willougiiby family. How was he connected with them? His daughter Susannah 
married Nathaniel Lynde, and removed to Saybrook, Conn. Of which of his wives 
was she the daughter? 

Lyme, Ct. E. M. S. 



206 Notes and Queries, [April, 

Powell's Battle of Lake Erie.— This celebrated painting, for -which the con- 
gress paid the artist $12,000, hangs in the national capitol. The United States ships 
and Com. Perry's boat, each, display a flag of 13 stars and 13 stripes ! The flag of 
the United States in 1814, as regulated by law, carried 15 stars and 15 stripes. 

G. II. Preble. 



Paddock Elms (Boston).— [The discussion which has recently taken place, in 
connection with the removal of the so-called " Paddock Elms," as to who set them 
out and the date of their planting, may be aided by the following, forwarded to us by 
George A. Whiting, Esq., of Charlestown. At the end of the paper is a memoran- 
dum, as follows : " Copy of a paper handed to S. May, Nov. 10, 1838, by his brother 
Joseph May."— Editor of Register.] 

" Boston Mall— Statement of a conversation, held in Boston, November 6, 1833, 
between Joseph Ilurd, Esq., now of Portsmouth, N. II., late of Charlestown, Mass., 
and Colonel Joseph May. Mr. Ilurd was born Dec. 21, 1752, consequently nearly 
8G years old. 

"'My Father was born in 1719. lie was apprenticed to John Colson (or Adam) 
father of the late Adam Colson, a leather dresser. My Father died July 30, 1808, at 
the age of 89. Old Mr. Colson lived in Frog lane (now Boylston st.) . 

" • I have heard my Father state, that when he was 17 or 18 years old, Mr. Colson, 
being one of the selectmen of Boston, employed his apprentices (said Ilurd being 
one of them) to set out the first trees at the upper part of the Mall, near the 
Granary (on the spot now occupied by the Park st. church), and that he remembers 
that many curious persons gathering round to inquire what they were about, one of 
whom said, Boston folks are full of notions.' " 



Interest in Historical Matters in Maine.— I am gratified to inform you that 
an increasing interest in historical and genealogical matters is being manifest in this 
state. Several works of local historical interest are soon to be published, among 
them the History of Kennebunk and Wells, left in MS. by the late E. E. Bourne, 
President of the Maine Historical Society ; History of Livermore, by the Hon. I. 
Washburn; History of Woodstock, by Dr. W. B. Lapham ; History of Lebanon, by 
Dr. Smith ; History of Belfast, by the Hon. Joseph Williamson ; and an account of 
the Centennial Celebration of Buxton. Among genealogical works the following are 
in preparation : The Perham and Berry Families, by Dr. W. B. Lapham of Augusta ; 
the Bodge Family, by Geo. M. Bodge of Gorham ; the Carr Family, by Capt. I. M. 
Carr of Portland, and the Porter Family, by the Hon. J. W. Porter of Strong. Our 
leading journals are giving considerable space to matters of local history, and several 
maintain very interesting departments devoted to this subject— all of which is ex- 
tremely gratifying to every lover of his home and his country. Lane. 

Joiin Davenport and Joiin Cotton.— A letter to the Rev. John Cotton, of Bos- 
ton, from the Rev. John Davenport, dated " New Haven y e 6 th d. of y e 3 m. 1G50," 
is printed in the appendix to Davenport's History and Genealogy of the Davenport 
Family (1851), pp. 343-8. A liberal price will be paid for the original manuscript. 
Address John Ward Dean, 18 Somerset street, Boston. 

Old Stamford (Conn.) Records.— The Rev. E. B. Huntington, in his " History 
of Stamford " and" Stamford Soldiers' Memorial," has embalmed in print a com- 
prehensive local history of permanent value and abiding interest to every citizen of 
our good town, and those who shall come after us. He is now engaged in another 
important local work, which we trust will be appreciated as it ought. AVe referjto 
Jus "Stamford Registration." The author has, with great patience, collected from 
the time-worn, mutilated and fast perishing records of registration, a clear and 
systematic statement of all which can be gleaned from the old town records of the 
births, marriages and deaths— the g^reat events of family history— from the earliest 
records to the year 1825. To examine so many musty manuscripts, to arrange and 
systematize and collate together the various family records, to weed out obsolete 
phrases, unnecessary repetition and to correct obvious chronological errors, was no 
light labor, but the permanent value of the work is more than commensurate with 
the labor it cost. 

To the descendants of those who comprised the community of Stamford a hundred 
years ago, Mr. Huntington's new work will be especially valuable. We cannot 
doubt but that it will be properly appreciated.— Stamford Advocate, Feb. 13. 



1874.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 207 

Did Tarring and Feathering originate in Boston ? — In an article on Holland 
House, recently published in the London Quarterly Review, and republished in the 
Eclectic Magazine for February, 1874, it is stated in a foot note — " Lord Stanhope 
speaks oi' tarring and feathering as first practised in Boston in 1770 (Hist., vol. v. 
p. 397). In Foot's ' Cozzeners ' O'Hanagan is to have a tide waiter's place in North 
America; and a word in your ear, if you discharge well your duty, you will be 

found in tar and feathers for nothing When properly mixed 

they make a genteel kind of dress, which is sometimes worn in that climate ; it is 
very light and keeps out the rain, and sticks extremely close to the skin." 



De "Wolf. — Information is wanted of the ancestors and immediate descendants 
of Balthazar or Belshazzar De Wolf, an early settler of Lyme, Conn. Will the 
Rhode Island family of that name send any facts in their possession to the 
Register. e. m. s 

Parmerlee. — Is there any knowledge of a Parmerleo family that settled in Had- 
dam or Lyme ? E. m. s. 

Prentice or Prentiss. — Mr. Binney's genealogy of the Prentice or Prentiss 
family being out of print, a new revised and enlarged edition is being prepared, 
and information is requested from all able to furnish it. 

Brighton, Mass. Edwin C. Prentiss. 

Townsend [Register, xxviii. 88]. — Thomas Bentley, grandfather of the Rev. Dr. 
William Bentley, of Salem, Mass., married Susanna Townsend. He was born in 
Sebclow? in the west of England, 1698, and came to Boston in 1711, with his father 
who was an officer in the British forces ; he sailed with the fleet in the expedition for 
Canada, leaving his son in Boston. The vessel was among those lost, and he was 
never heard from. — [Family Records.] 

There was another Thomas Bentley in Boston at or about the beginning of the war 
of the revolution, who left for the provinces. 

Waltham, Mass. Charles Woolley. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Historiographer. 

Samuel Hayes Congar, a corresponding member, was born in Newark, N. J., 
Dec. 10, 1796, and died July 29, 1872, after an active and useful life, on the 
very premises and in part of the very house where he was born. He was descended, 
in the male line, from John Conger, one of the early settlers of Woodbridge, county 
of Middlesex, N. J., and on the female side was connected with the families of the 
Swaines, Lyons, Denisons, Bruens, Kitchells, Hayeses andTompkinses, all identified 
with the early history of Newark. 

He entered early into busy life, being placed in a drug store in Newark when 
eleven years old, where, with the exception of one quarter's subsequent tuition, 
all his school education was received. In his sixteenth year he was apprenticed to 
a coach painter, which became thereafter his pursuit until 1855, when, in his 59th 
year, he retired from active business. 

In early life he became librarian of the Apprentices' Library of Newark, and held 
the position for many years, therein laying the foundation of his subsequent ac- 
quaintance with books and literary matters. 

An attempt being made in 1815 to utilize the old burying ground in Newark, by 
appropriating it to other purposes, Mr. Congar's interest in the remains of his 
ancestors therein deposited, led him to take an active part in opposition to the so- 
called improvements; and extended researches into the genealogies of the families 
interested were the result. In pursuing these researches, he became possessed of 
more general genealogical and antiquarian information relating to the northern 
part of the state, and especially the county of Essex, than any other person. He 
produced many valuable articles, which were generally published in the Newark 



208 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

Daily Advertiser, and which embodied a large amount of interesting antiquarian 
lore which would probably have never been preserved bat for him. 

lie became a member of the New- Jersey Historical Society in May, 1848, and wa3 
appointed librarian in 1852, an office for which his tastes rendered him particularly 
well qualified. The genealogies which he contributed to the volume issued by that 
society in 1866, in commemoration of the bi-centennial celebration of the settlement 
of Newark, added materially to its interest ; and he also took an active part in edit- 
ing the town-records published by that society in 1864. 

Mr. Congar's high character for integrity ied to his being often entrusted with 
the financial interests of others, and he was associated with several of the business 
institutions of Newark, lie connected himself with the Presbyterian Church while 
yet a young man, and took an active and efficient part in sunday-school work, as 
well as in the vocal services of the sanctuary. 

His whole career illustrated what may be accomplished in a literary direction by 
one who had few educational advantages in early life, and little leisure at any time, 
through a judicious use of the spare moments which most persons are apt to squander. 

He was admitted a member of this society, June 11, 1855. 

George Gibbs, a corresponding member, died in New-Haven, Conn., April 19, 
1873, at the age of 57 years. He was born in Newtown, near Astoria, L. I., July 
17, 1815, and was the eldest son of George and Laura ( VVolcott) Gibbs. 

According to the family tradition, which I have found no means either to verify 
or to disprove, there are only five links in the chain of descent from James Gibbs 
who is supposed to have come to this country in or about 1670, and the subject of 
the present sketch, a period of nearly two hundred years. Probably one or two 
links in this chain should be supplied, as five generations only can hardly be sup- 
posed to extend over nearly two centuries. But according to the household tradition, 
James and Sarah Gibbs emigrated to this country about the year 1680, from Stowe 
in Somersetshire, Eng., and settled in Bristol, R. I. George, the son of James, the 
emigrant, it is supposed removed to Newport, R. I., where his son, George, became 
a merchant, and died in 1805. He was the head of the firm of Gibbs & Channing. 
George Gibbs, his son, and the father of the subject of this memoir, married Laura 
Wolcott, daughter of Gov. Oliver Wolcott, who was secretary of the treasury under 
a part of the administration of Washington, and also under that of the elder Adams, 
(see memoir, ante, iv. 9-10), and granddaughter of the first Gov. Oliver Wolcott 
(see memoir, ante, xxvi. 16-19). The Wolcott family (see genealogy, ante, i. 251-5) 
came in 1630, and settled in Dorchester. 

George Gibbs, whose descent has now been described, was educated in the Round 
Hill School in Northampton, where it is believed his taste for scientific pursuits was 
developed, which distinguished him in after life. After leaving that school he en- 
tered Harvard Law School, and finally his studies preparatory to the practice of 
law were completed in an office in New- York, lie commenced the practice of his 
profession in 1837, and continued it till 1849. 

Before he was twenty years of age, his taste for natural history was disclosed by 
gathering and mounting himself a large collection of birds. His first literary effort 
was the preparation of the life of his grandfather, Oliver Wolcott. That work was 
published by subscription, in 1816, in two volumes octavo, with the title : Memoirs 
of the Administrations of Washington and Adams, edited from the papers of Oliver 
Wolcott. 

In 1819 he went to the Pacific coast. On his way he joined the regiment of 
mounted rifles on the overland march from St. Louis to California, whence, after a 
short stay, he proceeded to Oregon. In 1854 he was appointed collector of the port 
of Astoria, which office he held during the administration of Mr. Fillmore, and then 
removed to a ranch near Fort Steilacoom, in Washington territory. While he was 
there, his time was much occupied in various government exploring expeditions, as 
geologist, and in other capacities. He was also geologist to the survey of the rail- 
road route to the Pacific under Major, afterward the late Gen. I. I. Stevens. Drs. 
George Suckley and J. G. Cooper were associated with him as naturalists, and their 
reports to the government were largely filled with information supplied to them by 
Mr. Gibbs. In 1857, Mr. Gibbs was appointed a member of the northwest boundary 
survey, under Mr. Archibald Campbell as commissioner, and Gen. John G. Parke as 
chief engineer, and he prepared an elaborate report upon the geology and natural 
history of that distant section of our country. 

In 1800 he returned to New- York, and for several years he resided in Washington, 
as secretary of the Hudson Bay claims commission. During that time he elaborated 



1874.] Necrology of Historic , Genealogical Society. 209 

an immense mass of materials relating to the ethnology and philology of the north- 
western Indian tribes. He was also at the same time employed by the Smithsonian 
Institution, in editing a vast collection of documents throwing 1 light upon the history 
and material resources of the great and growing northwest. An extensive collection 
of papers, in the Indian languages, was uequeathed by Mr. Gibbs to the Smithsonian 
Institution. 

In 1871, Mr. Gibbs was married to his cousin, Miss Mary R. Gibbs, of Newport, 
R. I., when he removed to New-Haven, Conn., where he spent the brief remainder 
of his days. He left no children. 

Mr. Gibbs was a brother of Wolcott Gibbs, of Boston, Rumford professor in Har- 
vard University. lie became a corresponding member of this society, June 12, 1817. 

Henry Linsley Hobart, a resident member, died in Northfield, Minnesota, July 
23, 1873. He was the only son of Peter Hobart, Jr., of Boston, and was of the ninth 
generation in lineal descent from the Rev. Peter Hobart, the first minister of Hing- 
ham, Mass., who was settled there in 1G35. On his mother's side he was grandson 
of the late Jonathan Blood, of Groton. 

He was born in Boston, Dec. 15, 1811, and was a young man of rare beauty of 
character, modest, conscientious and faithful in business and home duties, lie was 
educated in the Boston public schools, the teachers of which testify to his excellent 
traits of character and high moral influence which he exercised over his companions. 
At the age of 1(3 he left school and entered mercantile life. His abilities as an ac- 
countant were great, his judgment good, and his employers placed unlimited confi- 
dence in him. 

Mr. Hobart was a member of the Young Men's Christian Association, and was 
deeply interested in mission and sunday-schools, in both of which he was an eilicient 
teacher. 

From a sudden cold he contracted disease of the lungs, for which he went to the 
west, where, receiving only temporary benefit, he died after several years declining 
health. 

He was admitted a member of this society, March 2G, 1866. 

The Hon, Joseph Howe. — The lion. Joseph Howe, lieutenant-governor of Nova 
Scotia, and a corresponding member of this society, died in Halifax, N. S., 
June 1, 1873, aged 68 years. He was born in Halifax in 1801. His father, John, 
was a Boston printer, and during the revolutionary war, in consequence of his 
strong British or Tory prejudices, tho father thought it advisable to leave this 
country and establish himself in business in the city of Halifax. The advan- 
tages which that city offered to young Howe for acquiring an education were 
extremely limited. When he was about twelve years of age, he was apprenticed to 
the printing trade, and he served seven years in that business and with great dili- 
gence, and in a printing-office he laid the foundation, like Mr. Colfax and many 
others, of eminent future distinction. Young Howe was a natural politician, and 
setting up in type, at his case, the opinions of the party leaders, cultivated and 
matured his constitutional taste for party politics. It was an easy and natural grada- 
tion from this to writing and speaking on political questions, and by the time _ he 
was twenty years old, he was extensively known in the province as one of the rising 
political men of tho day. In 1827 he married the daughter of a British ollicer 
stationed in Halifax, and the next year he purchased a controlling interest in the 
Weekly Chronicle, which was changed to the Arcadian. Soon alter ho became the 
editor and proprietor of tho Nova Scotian, to which, by his vigor as a writer and by 
his liberal spirit, he imparted the highest degree of popularity. His powerful at- 
tacks upon the Tory party, which was then in power, drew down upon him the 
wrath of the government, and in 1835 ho was arrested and tried for libel. He de- 
fended his own course and won his case, and that fact, so unexpected by the public, 
doubled his popularity. Tho bench of magistrates were so chagrined by this un- 
anticipated turn of affairs that they all resigned. The alleged libel was founded on 
his agitation for reform. All the cities in the British Provinces were governed, ac- 
cording to immemorial British usage, by magistrates commissioned by the crown, 
and they were therefore wholly independent of popular control. Mr. Howe so far 
revolutionized public sentiment, that only five years later the liberal party came into 
power. He then became a member of the provincial cabinet, and soon after the old 
system, so long established, and yet so obnoxious, was overthrown ; and all the cities 
in Nova Scotia, Halifax, his own city, among the rest, came into the possession of a 
municipal charter. In 1841 Mr. Howe was chosen speaker of the legislative as- 
vol. xxix. 19 



210 Necrology of Historic, (genealogical Society. [April, 

senibly of that province. He officiated on several occasions as the agent of the pro- 
vince in Great Britain ; served also as Indian commissioner,, as collector of customs, 
as a member of the executive council, and as provincial secretary. He went to Eng- 
land several times to promote the interests of Nova Scotia in the construction of 
railroads. In 1864, he was a member and vice-president of the Detroit commercial 
convention, and in 1807 aud 18(i8 he went to England to effect the repeal of the 
union of Nova Scotia with Canada. He opposed the absorption of Nova Scotia into 
the dominion of Canada until certain guarantees were secured, but after the union 
in 18G0 he suddenly changed his politics, became an ardent supporter of the govern- 
ment, and was honored with appointment to the oflice of secretary of state to the 
dominion. Only about three months before his death, which occurred very suddenly, 
ho was appointed to the highest civil post which any British-xYinerican can hold, — 
the ollice of lieutenant governor of the province. Mr. Howe was a man of strong 
mind and strong prejudices; but was without doubt an honest and disinterested 
patriot. His letters addressed to Lord John Russell are additional proof both of his 
ability and of his patriotism. 
He was admitted a member, Oct. 9, 1858. 

The Hon. Noafi Amherst Phelps died in Simsbury, county of Hartford, Conn., 
Aug. 20, 1872, aged 83. He was born in Simsbury /Conn., October 10, 1788. He 
entered Yale College in 1805, but owing to the pecuniary circumstances of his 
father, he took a dismission from college in his sophomore year. Soon afterward 
he commenced reading law ; was admitted to practice in 1810, and settled in Hartford. 

During the war of 1812, he was deputy marshal, and was also engaged in the 
manufacture of iron wire and hand and machine cards at Tariffvillc, Conn. 

Entering warmly into the political discussion which, commencing during the war, 
led to the revolution of parties in the state in 1818, he was, in 1817, subjected to a 
prosecution for a libel on the state government. Under the high party excitement of 
the day, and the supposed and alleged unjust selection of the jurors, the trial result- 
ed in his conviction, and the imposition of a line of £200. Bat the trial and its 
issue gave him a favorable position in the ranks of his party. Immediately there- 
after he was elected a member of the city government, and the next year, 1818, he 
was appointed a judge on the bench of the county court. In 1819, he was appoint- 
ed by the general assembly sheriff of the county of Hartford, and by reappointments 
held the ollice nine years. He was on the democratic ticket for electors of president 
and vice-president in 1628, and in the following year received from Gen. Jackson, 
the appointment of collector of customs in Middletown, to which place he removed, 
lie held this oltico twelve years, and during a part of this term he held also the 
ollice of chief judge of Middlesex county court, and that of alderman, and mayor 
of the city of Middletown. In 1841, he was elected a member of the house of re- 
presentatives in the general assembly, and subsequently was also a member some 
two or three years oi the samo house. In 1812, and also in 1813, he was elected 
secretary of state ; and in 1847, and also in 1848, he was elected state senator from 
the 18th district, and subsequently for several years held the ollice of judge of pro- 
bate lor the district of Middletown. 

He was the author of the " History of Simsbury, Granby and Canton " (origi- 
nally one town) , which was published in 1844. 

Mr.- Phelps was a descendant in the seventh generation fromWilliam Phelps, an 
early settler in Dorchester, Mass., who emigrated in 1830 with his pastor, the Rev. 
Mr. Warham, to Windsor, Conn., and who held prominent offices in both placoH. The 
descent from William, 1 was through Joseph, 2 Joseph, 3 David, 4 Noah,* and Noah 
Amherst, 6 his father, — a colonel in the militia, town-clerk, county surveyor, and 
for ten sessions a representative in the general assembly, — who was born May 4, 
1702, and died June 17, 1817. All of these, except William and Joseph, were 
natives of Simsbury. 

Mr. Phelps was admitted a corresponding member of this society, April 17, 1855. 

Thomas Temple Rockwood was born in Ilolliston, Mass., June 5, 1812, and 
died in that town October 11, 1872, aged 00 years. His father, Luther 6 Rockwood, 
was a descendant in the sixth generation from Richard 1 Rockett % who settled in 
Dorchester, Mass., as early as 1030, but afterward removed to Braintrec, where he 
died July 9, 1043; through Nicholas 2 Rochctt, who died Jan. 20, 1080; John 3 
Rochelt, born Feb. 12, 1002; Samuel 4 Rockctt, born April 15, 1005 ; and Timothy 6 
Rockwood, his father, born May 23, 1727, d. Feb. 21, 180G. His mother, Ruth 
Littlelleld, dau. of Asa Littlefield, of Framingham, was born in that town, Nov. 3, 



1874.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 211 

1780 ; married, first, Nov. 30, J1797, Thomas Temple, who died Aug. 27, 1798, aged 
22; married, secondly, Dec. 22, 180G, Luther Rockwood, mentioned above. She wag 
a descendant, in the fifth generation, from John 1 Littlefield, ' who settled in Ded- 
ham, Mass., as early as 1G50, through Ebenezcr, 2 born 1609, JEphraim, 3 born 
1712, and Asa* above, born 1757, his father. 

Mr. Rockwood resided for a time in Norton, Mass., but finally settled in Ilollis- 
ton, his native place. He was a member of the school committee of Norton and 
Holliston, eight or ten years, and town clerk of the latter place live or six years, 
and held minor offices in both towns. 

He assisted his sister, Miss Elsie Lucretia Rockwood, in compiling A Historical 
and Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Timothy Rockwood, published in 
1856, in a duodecimo of 151 pages. 

On the 10th of February, 1811, he was married to Miss Evelina Leonard, daughter 
of Lewis Leonard, ofFoxboro'. They had one son, Charles Hodges, born March 10, 
1842. 

He was admitted a resident momber of this society, June 15, 1808. 

Oliver Mayiiew Whipple, of Lowell, Mass., was born in Wcathersfield, Vt., 
May 4, 1791 ; and died in Lowell, April 26, 1872, aged 77 years. He was the son of 
Oliver Whipple,. of Grafton, Mass., who was born Nov. 25, 1759. He wns the 
son of James Whipple, who w r as born Nov. 23, 1737, in Grafton, Mass. The latter 
was the son of James Whipple, of Ipswich, born there in April, 1705, who was 
the son of James Whipple, also of Ipswich, and was born in 1681. The last named 
James Whipple was the son of Joseph, who died in 1708, and Joseph was the son 
of Matthew Whipple, who died in 1617. 

Oliver M. Whipple was thrice married. His first wife was Sophronia Hale, 
daughter of Moses Hale, of Chelmsford, Mass. They were married April 3, 1821, 
and she died Nov. 30, 1836. His second wife was Julia Ann Wentwortli, o( Ashby, 
Mass. They were married May 9, 1837, and she died Aug. 11, 1813. His third 
wife was Sarah Kinsman, daughter of William Kinsman, of Ipswich, Mass. They 
were married May 15, 1844. 

Mr. Whipple had ten children, only three of whom survived him. 

At the age of 21 years, Mr. Whipple left his native place, with a cash capital 
of $15 in his pocket, and a bundle of clothing in his hand, and walked to Boston, 
to seek his fortune. But fortune did not smile on him here, and he went to South- 
wick, Mass., and learned the art and mystery of powder making. After three 
years he removed to Chelmsford, now Lowell, and went into the manufacture of 
powder to such an extent that, it is said, he ultimately controlk-d the trade in that 
article, both in this country and in Europe. He lost several mills by explosion, -and 
several of his workmen were killed, but he always mado generous provision for 
their families. , 

He was largely identified with the business interests of Lowell. lie filled various 
municipal offices in that city, and was elected four times a member of the legisla- 
ture of the state. 

Mr. Whipple possessed strong powers of mind, good judgment, great decision of 
character, and an uncommon spirit of benevolence. He caused to be prepared A 
Brief Genealogy of the Whipple Family, a copy of which may be found in the 
library of this society. 

He was admitted a corresponding member, May 8, 1852, and his membership was 
changed to resident, May 4, 1870. 

Nathaniel Whiting, a life member and benefactor of this society, wns born 
in Mcdway, Mass., January, 1801, and died in Watertown, Mass., Nov. 18, 1871, 
aged 69 years, 10 months. In early life he left his native town and came to Boston, 
where he entered the employ of David Hale & Co., then on Kilby street, and sub- 
sequently was with Blake & Cunningham, auctioneers. About 1825, he obtained 
employment at a salary of one dollar a day from Howe & Dorr, who admitted him 
into partnership about 1828, under the firm of Howe, Dorr & Co. Mr. Dorr retired 
from the firm about 1830, and a new firm of George Howe & Co. was formed, consist- 
ing of George Howe, Mr. Whiting, and Jabez O.llowe. Mr. Whiting was selected 
as purchasing airent for the house abroad. In this connection one incident is wor- 
thy of note. While in England, Mr. Whiting ascertained that a disease had 
carried oil" the silk-worms of Calabria. The only communication then between 
Dover and Calais w T as by sailing packets, and the packet which Mr. Whiting wished 
to go in had sailed. Ho hired a common wherry, rowed across the channel, pro- 



212 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical /Society. [April, 

ceeded to Paris, and thence to Lyons, and with his information purchased his stock 
to great advantage. He was highly respected abroad, and his shrewdness, as a 
buyer, was appreciated at homo. 

In 1834, he separated from the firm of George Howe & Co., and taking Mr. James 
R. Walker for a partner, established the firm of N. Whiting & Co. After the dissolu- 
tion of this firm, he embarked his capital in banking and real estate, in both of 
which lie was very successful. 

lie left a wife and four children, two sons and two daughters. 

Mr. Whiting was admitted a member of this society, April 20, 1853. 

Prepared by the Rev. C. D. Bradlee, A.M., of Boston. 

Charles Stephen Lynch was born in Boston, Oct. 8, 1825. He was the son 
■of Stephen and Rebecca Lynch ; his education was obtained at the Franklin school, 
where so many noble men have been thoroughly trained. Here he remained till he 
was 16 years old, when he entered the employ of Messrs. Horace Gray & Co., iron 
manufacturers, where he served his time, and without doubt manifested all those 
traits of integrity and ability that were the marked characteristics of his useful but 
brief life. 

On the discontinuance of the business of Messrs. Gray & Co., ho was for 
some years retained by the assignees of the firm for the settling up of the con- 
cern. So ably did he manage this critical and delicate position, and so thoroughly 
did he gain the confidence of those who the most closely watched his doings, 
that he was soon made a member of the business firm of Messrs. William E. Collm 
& Co., of Boston, and for ten years, till his sudden death, filled this position to the 
great satisfaction and honor of all concerned. 

In 1852, Mr. Lynch became a teacher in the Ilollis Street sunday school, of which 
he afterward became the honored and trusted superintendent. There he was punc- 
tual, earnest, devout, loving, and true. Every one always knew where to find hirn, 
and every week his presence shed upon those under his charge a gracious benediction. 

Mr. Lynch was married to his first wife, Miss Susan Keyes Lock, of Boston, by 
the Rev. Thomas Starr King, Feb. 1G, 185-1. Mrs. Lynch died Feb. 5, 1855, leaving 
no children. Mr. Lynch was again married, April 4, 18G1, by the Rev. John Pier- 
pon't, to Miss.Lavinia Fiske, of Lexington, Mass. By this union they had three 
children : Susie Keyes, born Fell. 19, 18(53, and died Sept. 20, 1866 ; Edith Rebecca, 
born Feb. 23, 1807 ; Carrie Vinia, born March 27, 1872. 

Mr. Lynch died xipril 5, 1873, at his house in ward 16, and his funeral took place 
at the Hollis Street church, April 8, 1873, under the charge of the Rev. Mr. Mum- 
ford and the Rev. Mr. Chancy. He was interred at Mount Auburn the same day. 

His character can be fully described in a few words : he was honest and active, a 
man of principle, and a man of prayer ; a bright light amongst the people, a 
thoroughly good, upright and sterling Christian disciple. 

lie was made a member of this society, July 9, 1800. 

Prepared by Thomas F. Richardson, A.M., of Boston. 

TnoMAS Richardson died on the 10th of December, 1872, at the age of 71 years. 
This generation knew little of him as a merchant, yet his energy, industry and suc- 
>cess entitle his name to be classed with those who are respected and honored in 
Boston and elsewhere. 

He was born in Billerica, Massachusetts, August 31, 1790. His mother was 
Judith Kendall. His father, Thomas, born in 1747, was a son of Jonathan, who was 
a son of Thomas, born in Woburn in 1G75, and ho was a son of Thomas Richard- 
son, who came from England and was recorded, in 1038, as a freeman of Charles- 
town. 

The subject of this sketch was reared in a comfortable home, received a village 
school education, and thenceforth conducted his own fortunes. In 1817, he went to 
Mobile, Alabama, where he formed a partnership in the commission business with 
Mr. Thomas Blake. They were moderately successful. Mr. Richardson was an 
alderman of that city in the years 1821 and 1822. He returned to Boston in 1828, 
and here married Olivia, the eldest daughter of Cyrus Alger, the iron founder. 

Having given up his business in Mobile, in consequence of this marriage, he 
established an iron-foundry in Boston. His enterprise and energy soon put it in 
such condition as to touch the interests of the older concern, so that the result was 
the merging of the two into the " Alger Foundry." Soon afterward, he withdrew 



1874.] Necrology of Historic , Genealogical Society. 213 

from the iron business. He then engaged in various enterprises, and particularly 
in the Mediterranean trade. 

He took a lively interest in the public affairs of South Boston, where he resided 
for some years, and exerted himself to promote its prosperity. In 1835, and in 1836, 
he was a representative to the general court, and an alderman of the city in 1837, 
and in 1838. He carefully investigated all projects for the improvement of the inner 
harbor of Boston, was familiar with the plans or charts of the same, understood 
the bearings of proposed operations there, and was often consulted in regard to 
the same. 

In 1835-0, he purchased the real estate known as the " Summer Street " and the 
" Bull " wharves, with the flats or dock intervening, all which he owned at the 
time of his death. A litigation, between the city of Boston and Mr. Richardson, 
regarding this property, began in 1848, and was not settled till May, lb72, when 
the city abandoned its claim to the title, and Mr. Richardson conceded to the city a 
right of drainage, through a strip of the dock, under the premises now occupied by 
the Boston, Hartford and Erie Railroad company. 

Mr. Richardson was an independent thinker, and a close observer. His personal 
bearing was courteous and kind. He was self-sacrificing, hospitable and generous. 

After his iron constitution was shattered with paralysis, and the time had come 
for him to loosen his hold upon the reins of business, he put them without reserve 
into other hands. For a short period only did he survive his wile, who hud devoted- 
ly shared his various fortunes, and he bore the affliction with much submission. 
Through all the vicissitudes of his life, he illustrated his inherited motto, " E virlule 
oritur Ao/ios." 

Mr. Richardson became a resident member of this society, May 20, 18C3. 

Prepared by Edwin P. Whipple, A.M., of Boston. 

Joseph Lyman Henshaw, the third child and second son of Samuel Henshaw 
and Eliza (Lyman) Henshaw, was born in Medford, Mass., on May 10, 1819. lie 
was educated at Round Hill School, Northampton. His first business connection 
was with the firm of George Howe & Co., of Boston. He afterward entered the 
banking house of his father, Samuel Henshaw, and eventually became a partner. 
On May 13, 18-10, he married Jane Paine Bradlee, daughter of J. P. Bradlee. On 
the cessation of the house of Samuel Henshaw & Son, he began, on March 13, 1858, 
a brilliant business career as an auctioneer of stocks and bonds. His integrity, 
intelligence, urbanity, energy, and the thorough knowledge he evinced of the shitt- 
ing values of the securities lie sold, made him a general favorite and adviser. For 
years his large weekly sales were attended by a throng of capitalists, and did much 
to determine the real vale of stocks and bonds for investments. The sale of very 
large amounts of municipal bonds was entrusted to him, and the s jlid securities 
which passed under his hammer, " by order of executor," must have amounted to 
many millions. Mr. Henshaw was early connected with the military organizations 
of the city. He was captain of the New- England Guards from 1852 to 1857 ; com- 
mander of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, from June, 1S05, to .Tune, 
1800; and was also major of the first regiment of infantry. He represented Ward 
VI. in the Boston city council in the years 1858, 1800, and 1801; in 1802 and 
1803 he represented the same ward in the board of aldermen, He died of erysipelas, 
on July 8, 1873, and was buried at Mount Auburn on the 12th. The vigor, generosity 
and geneality of his nature made him in life a wide circle of business and personal 
friends, who showed, in many ways, how sincerely they mourned his death. He left 
four children : Elizabeth Lyman, Jeannie Bradlee, Samuel and Joseph Putnam 
Henshaw. 

He was admitted a member of this society, Dec. 31, 1S07. 

[From a manuscript pedigree by the late Prof. Charles Beck, LL.D., we learn that 
Mr. Henshaw was a descendant in the sixth generation from Joshua 1 Henshaw — 
who came to New-England, and settled in Dorchester, where lie married Elizabeth, 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (Clement) Sumner — through Samuel,' 2 born 
Aug. 19, 1701, by wife Waitstill, daughter of Samuel Topliff ; Samuel* born 1722, 
died 1778, by wile Submit (Woodward) ; Samuel* bora Feb. 3, 1711, died March 11, 
1809, by wife Martha (Hunt) ; and Samud, 5 his father, born April 22, 1789, died 
March, 3, 18G3. In this connection see Register, xxii. 112-1.5. j. w. d.] 

vol. xxix. 19* 



214 



Societies and theii^ Proceedings. 



[April, 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The annual meeting of this Society was held in the Society's House, No. 18 
Somerset street, on Wednesday, January 7, 1874, at half-past two o'clock in the 
afternoon. The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, took the chair. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, recording secretary pro tempore, read the record of the 
proceedings at the previous meeting, which was approved. 

Charles W. Tattle, A.M., chairman of the nominating committee chosen in No- 
vember last, reported the following list of officers and committees 1 for the year 1ST 1. 

President. — The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, of Boston, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents. — The Hon. George B. Upton, of Boston, Mass. ; the Hon. 
Israel Washburn, Jr., LL.U., of Portland, M:iine ; the Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., of 
Concord, New-Hampshire ; the Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., of Brattleboro', Ver- 
mont; the Hun. John 11. Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, Rhode Island; the Hon. 
William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich, Connecticut. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — The lion. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo, New- 
York; the Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, Illinois; the Rt. Bev. Henry 
TV. Lee, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, lowa ; the Hon. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D., 
of Milwaukee, Wisconsin; the Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia; William A. Whitehead, Esq., of Newark, New-Jersey ; 
the Hon. John 11. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore, Maryland ; William Duane, Esq., of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; the Rev. Joseph P. Tuttle, D.D., of Orawfordsville, 
Indiana ; the Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Reading, Ohio. 

Corresponding Secretary. — The Rev. Edmund P. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Recording Secretary. — David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

Historiographer. — The Rev. Doras Clarke, D.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Librarian and Assistaid-Historiographer. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, 
Mass . 

Directors.— The lion. George B. Upton, Boston; Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Bos- 
ton; John Cummings, Esq., Woburn ; John Foster, Esq., Boston; Charles Levi 
Woodbury, Esq., Boston. 

Committee on the Library. — James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Charlcstown; Jeremiah 
Colburn, A.M., Boston; the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston; Deloraine P. 
Corey, Esq., Maiden ; Professor Charles P. Otis, A.M. Boston. 

Committee on Finance. — William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N. II. ; Henry 
Edwards, Esq., Boston; the Hon. Charles B. Hall, Boston; Percival L. Everett, 
Esq., Boston ; the Hon. John A. Buttrick, Lowell. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. — Samuel Adams Drake, Melrose ; Frederic 
Kidder, Melrose ; the Rev. I. N. Tarbox, D.D., Boston ; William S. Gardner, A.M., 
Boston; Albert B. Otis, LL.B., Boston; the Rev. Willard F. Mallalieu, A.M., 
Boston . 

Committee on Heraldry. — The Hon. Thos. C. Amory, A.M., Boston; Abncr C. 
Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston; William S. Ap- 
pleton, A.M., Boston; George B. Chase, A.M., Boston. 

Mr. Tuttle and Gen. Edward W. Hincks were appointed a committee to collect, 
sort and count the votes, who reported that the above-named list of candidates wero 
unanimously elected. 

The lion. Marshall P. Wilder having been reelected president, then addressed the 
society. [The president's address will be inserted in the Register for July next.] 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported that during the year 1,030 volumes and 
2,*1'.) I pamphlets had boon presented. The library now" contains 11,531 volumes and 
30,831 pamphlets. 

James F. Hunnewell, chairman of the library committee, Col. Albert II. lloyt, 



1 The Committee on Publication Is elected in October. The committee consists of Albert 
II. Iloyt, John Ward Dean, William B. Towne, Geo. Henry Preble, Lucius It. Paige and 
11. II. Ldes. 



1874.] Societies and their Proceedings. 215 

chairman of the committee on publication, and Frederic Kidder, chairman of the 
committee on papers and essays, made the annual reports of their several committees. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, the corresponding secretary, reported that letters of 
acceptance had been received from one honorary, seven corresponding, and fifty-two 
resident members, namely : 

Honorary. — The lion. Nathan Clifford, LL.D., Justice of the Supreme Court U. S., 
Washington, D. C. 

Corresponding. — John-Randolph Bryan, Columbia, Va. ; James-S. Grinnell, 
Washington, D. C. ; Charles Hughes, Montreal, Canada; John-Jordan Latting, 
A.M., New- York, N. Y. ; the Rev. William-Stevens Perry, D.D., Geneva, N. Y. ; 
the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.R. U.S., Grampian Lodge, Forest Hill, Surrey, 
Eng.; John-Brooks Russell, Washington, D. C. 

Resident. — Theodore-Parker Adams, A.B., Boston, Mass.; Warren-Prescott 
Adams, Boston, Mass. ; Oliver Ames, North Easton, Mass. ; Francis- Walker Bacon, 
Boston, Mass. ;\Josiah- Whitney Barstow, A.B., M.D., Flushing, N. Y. ; Benjamin- 
Edward Bates, Boston, Mass.; Isaac-Chapman Bates, Paris, France; the Rev. 
Charles-Robinson Bliss, A.B., Wakefield, Mass. ; Richard Bliss, junior, Cambridge, 
Mass. ; the Rev. Ellery-Channing Butler, Beverly, Mass. ; William-Tolinan Carl- 
ton, Boston, Mass. ; the Hon. William Claflin, LL.D., Newton, Mass.; the Rev. 
Sereno-Dickinson Clark, A.B., Temple, N. H. ; the Hon. George Cogswell, A.M., 
M.D., Bradford, Mass. ; the lion. Samuel-Leonard Crocker, A.M., Taunton, Mass. ; 
Francis Dane, Boston, Mass. ; Samuel-Adams Drake, Melrose, Mass. ; Robert-Henry 
Eddy, Boston, Mass. ; John-Brooks Fenno, Boston, Mass. ; Donald-Frascr Grant, 
Maiden, Mass. ; General Edward- W inslow Ilincks, Cambridge, Mass. ; John- 
Codnian Ilurd, A.M., Boston, Mass.; Walter-Lloyd Jeffries, Boston, Mass.; Lt. 
Col. James-Hemphill Jones, U.S.M., Charlestown, Mass.; Nathan-Cooley Keep, 
M.D., Boston, Mass.; William-Berry Lapliam, A.M., M.D., Augusta, Me.; 
Francis-Henry Lee, Salem, Mass. ; John-Allen Lewis, Boston, Mass. ; George- 
Edwin Lincoln, Cambridge, Mass. ; Samuel-Pierce Long, Boston, Mass.; the Hon. 
Aaron-Claflin Mayhew, Milford, Mass. ; William-Gordon Means, Andover, Mass. ; 
John-Todd Moulton, Lynn, Mass. ; Nathaniel-Cushing Nash, Boston, Mass. ; Prof. 
Charles-Pomeroy Otis, A.M., Boston, Mass.; George-Taylor Paine, Providence, 
R. I. ; Captain William- Albert Parker, U.S.N. , Boston, Mass.; John-Phillips 
Paysou, Chelsea, Mass. ; Frederic-Beecher Perkins, Boston, Mass. ; Benjamin- 
Belcher Russell, Boston, Mass.; the Rev. Edward- Grenville Russell, A.M., Cam- 
bridgeport, Mass.; Nathaniel-Foster Safford, A.B., Milton, Mass.; Frederick- 
Coleman Sanford, Nantucket, Moss. ; the Rev. John-Turner Sargent, A.M., Boston, 
Mass.; Samuel-El well Sawyer, Gloucester, Mass. ; Francis Skinner, A.B., Boston, 
Mass, ; Joseph Adams Smith, LL.B., Boston, Mass. ; Alexander Starbuck, Wal- 
tham, Mass.; George-Luther Thayer, Boston, Mass.; Benjamin-Holt Tieknor, 
A.M., Jamaica Plain, Mass. ; the Hon. James-Madison Usher, Wcst-Medford, 
Mass. ; John-Boynton Wilson, Charlestown, Mass. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., the historiographer, reported that the deaths of 
twenty-nine members who died in 1873, and three who died in previous years, had 
come to his knowledge, namely : 

Joseph Moulton, of Lynn, born Feb. 7, 1798 ; died Feb. 10, 1873. James-Brown 
Thornton, of Scarboro', Me., born Sept. 26, 1794; died Feb. 13, 1873. The Rev. 
Joseph Allen, D.D., of North boroua'h, born Aug. 15, 1790; died Feb. 23, 1873. 
The Rev. Zedekiah-Smith Barstow, D.D., of Keenc, N. IL, born Oct. 4, 1790 ; died 
March 1, 1873. Sir Frederick Madden, F.S.A., of London, Eng., born Feb. 10, 
1801 ; died March 8, 1873. Henry- Veazey Ward, of Boston, born Sept. 26, 1809 ; 
died March 11, 1873. Eliphalet Jones, of Boston, born August 31, 1797; died 
March 17, 1873. Charles-Stephen Lynch, of Boston, born Oct. 8, 1805 ; died April 
5, 1873. Stalham Williams, of Utica, N. Y., born Oct. 5, 1773 ; died April 8, 1873. 
George Gibbs, of New-Haven, Conn., born July 8, 1817; died April 9, 1873. The 
Hon. John-Romeyn Brodhcad, LL.D., of New-York, N. Y., born Jan. 2, 181 1 ; died 
May G, 1873. The Hon. Oakes Ames, of North Easton, born Jan. 10, 1801; died 
May 8, 1873. The Hon. Joseph Howe, of Halifax, N. S., born 1801 ; died June 1, 
1873. The lion. John Prentiss, A.M., of Keenc, N. II., born March 21, 1778 ; died 
June G, 1873. The Hon. Edmund-Pitt Tileston, of Boston, born Aug. 17, 1805; 
died June 7, 1873. Francis-Alfred Fabens, LL.B., of Saucelito, Cal., born July 10, 
1814; died June 16, 1873. Samuel Burnham, A.M., of Cambridge, born Feb. 21, 
1833 ; died June 22, 1873. John-Hannibal Sheppard, A.M., of Boston, born March 
17, 1789 ; died June 25, 1873. The lion. William Whiting, LL.D., of Boston, born 
March 3, 1813; died June 29, 1873. Joseph L. Henshaw, of Boston, born May 10, 



216 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

1819; died July 8, 1873. Henry-Linsley Ilobart, of Northfield, Minn., born Dec. 
15, 1841 ; died July 23, 1873. William-Otis Johnson, M.D., of Boston, born Feb. 
14, 1825; died Aug. 17, 1873. The Hon. Ed ward- Emerson Bourne, LL.D.,of Ken- 
nebunk, Me., born March 17, 1797 ; died Sept. 23, 1873. Oliver-Brastow Dorrauce, 
of Boston, born 1804 ; died Oct. 23, 1873. The Rev. Samuel-Brazer Babcock, D.D., of 
Dedham, born Sept. 1807; died Oct. 25, 1873. John-Gough Nichols, F.S. A., of 
London, Eng., born 180G; died November 13, 1873. Nathaniel Curtis, A.M., of 
Boston, born May, 1798 ; died Nov. 22, 1873. Charles- Whitlock Moore, of Boston, 
born March 29, 1801 ; died Dec. 12, 1873. Anson-Parker Hooker, M.D., Cambridge, 
born Sept. 29, 1829; died Dec. 31, 1873. 

Additions to previous Years. — Samuel-Hayes Congar, of Newark, N. J., born 
Dec. 10,1796; died July 29, 1872. Thomas-Temple Rockwood, of Holliston, born 
Juno 5, 1812 ; died Oct. 11, 1872. Thomas Richardson, of Boston, born Aug. 31, 
1790 ; died Dec. 10, 1872. 

Twenty-four biographical sketches of deceased members have been prepared by 
the historiographer or his assistant, Mr. Dean, or at their request, and read at 
the meetings of the society. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported that the total income in 1873, derived 
from annual assessments, admission fees, the income of the life-fund, and the esti- 
mated income of the library-fund, including a balance of §31.13 from the account 
of 1872, amounts to $2,755.41. The ordinary expenses have been $2,718.50, leaving 
a balance in the treasury of $30.91. During the same period the sum of $300 has 
been received for life-memberships, and added to the life-fund in accordance with 
the by-laws of the society. The following is a list of the life-members added during 
the past year, namely : 

Abram-Edmands Cutter, Charlestown, Mass. ; Henry Davenport, Roxbury, Mass.; 
Robert-Henry Eddy, Boston, Mass. ; the Hon. John-Plummer llealy, A.M., Boston, 
Mass.; Lt. Col. James-Hemp hillJones, U.S. M.O., Charlestown, Mass. ; the Rev. 
Willard-Francis Mallalieu, A.M., Boston, Mass.; Ira-Ballou Peck, Woonsocket, 
R. I. ; Alfred Poor, Salem, Mass. ; Bickford Pulsifer, Charlestown, Mass. ; Nathan- 
iel-Foster Safford, Milton, Mass. ; Samuel-Elwell Sawyer, Boston, Mass. ; Paymaster 
Joseph-Adams Smith, U.S.N. , Charlestown, Mass. 

Col. Almon I). Hodges, for the trustees of the Bond Fund, reported that the fund 
now amounts to $438.05, and the income last year was $22.05. 

Hon Charles B. Hall, in behalf of the Towne Memorial Fund, reported that the 
fund now amounts to $3,331.99. 

William B. Towne, for the trustees of the Barstow Fund, reported that there have 
been bound from the income of this fund 148 volumes during the past year, making 
1792 volumes thus bound during the eleven years since the fund was established. 

Frederic Kidder, for the trustees of the Cushman Fund, reported that this fund 
now amounts to $20.50. 

A letter from Rear- Adm. Thacher, U.S. N., accompanying the original of Maj. 
L'Enfant's view of West Point, was then read. Col. A. D. Hodges exhibited the 
drawing and made some remarks upon its character and value, and closed by offer- 
ing the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : 
^_" Resolved, That the thanks of the society be presented to Rear-Admiral Henry 
Knox Thacher, U.S.N. , for this very valuable and interesting drawing of West Point 
and its environs made in 1782, and that the secretary be requested to furnish him 
with a copy of this resolution." 

m The president read a letter addressed to him by Mr. Benjamin B. Davis, of Brook- 
line, stating that Mr. James Wallace Black, of Boston, had offered to furnish gratui- 
tously two photographs of each member of the society, one for preservation by the 
society and the other for the member's own use, and that he (Mr. Davis) would 
present the necessary albums for preserving them. It was voted to accept these 
liberal oilers, and to present the thanks of the society to Messrs. Black and Davis. 
It was announced that cards had been left with the librarian for members, all of 
whom are urgently requested to avail themselves of this privilege. 

The president also read a letter from Mrs. Isabella James, of Cambridge, accom- 
panying an elegant large-paper copy of her recently issued work, the Potts .Memo- 
rial. I lie volume was exhibited to'the meeting, and after remarks by the president 
and others, on motion of the Rev. Mr. Shifter the thanks of the society were voted 
to Mrs. James. 

A sumptuous folio volume, entitled " Boston Past and Present, being an Outline 
Of the History of the City as Exhibited in the Lives of its Prominent Citizens," 
which had recently been received by the society, was exhibited. It was stated that 



1874.] Societies and their Proceedings. 217 

only a limited edition had been printed, at one hundred dollars a copy. The Hon. 
Thomas 0. Amory made some remarks upon the character of the work, and offered 
the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : 

" Resolved, That the thanks of the society, to the unknown donor, be placed on 
record for this elegant volume, which pays a fitting tribute to the memory of our 
honored dead, and illustrates the worth of many among us who are favorably known 
in our community." 

Mr. John P. Payson, of Chelsea, presented an ancient surveying instrument 
which he obtained souie years ago from the Misses Clillbrd, of Exeter, N. II., who 
informed him that their grandfather received it from John Tufton Mason, and that 
he had told them it was sent to this country by Capt. John Mason, the patentee of 
New-Hampshire. The thanks of the society were voted to Mr. Payson, and he was 
requested to write out the history of the instrument. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Davis presented a copy of the words and music, reproduced by 
him from memory, of the " Ode to Washington," sung in 1789 in the presence of 
Gen. Washington, at the Old State House, Boston, his lather being one of the chorus 
singers. By request, Mr. Davis, who is nearly eighty years of age, sang a few 
verses, which were received with marked favor. 

The thanks of the society were voted to the president for his address. It was 
voted, also, that the address, reports and other proceedings of the meeting, be re- 
ferred to the committee on publication, with instructions to causo the same to be 
printed and distributed. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Jan. 9.' — A meeting was held at the Cabinet of the Society on Waterman street, 
Providence, in the evening of this day. 

The chair was occupied by Prof. Wm.. Gammell, in the absence of the presiding 
officers. 

The Rev. E. M. Stone, cabinet keeper, announced a number of donations since 
the last meeting. 

Col. Robert Sherman, of Pawtucket, read a paper upon the Dorr Rebellion in 
Rhode Island, in 1812. He gave a detailed historical account of the preliminary 
events which led to the contest, of the rebellion itself, and of the subsequent poli- 
tical contest in the state which resulted in the liberation of Mr. Dorr from prison. 

A discussion followed, participated in by Messrs. Gammell, Ex-Gov. Dyer, Col. 
S. II. Wales, Z. Allen and Thos Davis, in which both sides of the question were re- 
viewed. A large audience was present, and much interest in the subject was 
revived in the community. 

Jan. 20. — The annual meeting of the Rhode Island Historical Society was held at 
74 o'clock, in the evening. The Hon. Zachariah Allen, First Vice President, occu- 
pied the chair in the absence of the president. 

Letters acknowledging their election to and acceptance of a corresponding mem- 
bership of the society, were read from William Chambers, the celebrated Scottish 
writer and publisher, George John Bowles, of Canada, and Albert II. Hoyt, of 
Massachusetts. 

A letter from the Hon. Francis Brinley, of Newport, was also read, excusing 
necessary absence from pressure of professional engagements, in which he gave the 
following interesting information to the society: "I have permission from Lieut. 
Governor Van Zandt to sny that a portrait of the late president of the Society, 
Judge Greene, will be executed and presented to the Society as soon as it can be 
painted by Mr. Lincoln." 

The Rev. E. M. Stone, cabinet keeper for the northern department, presented and 
read his annual report of donations for the year 1873-4, with interesting extracts 
from old manuscripts and works, and other matters pertaining to his department. 

Among the donations were an antique pair of andirons, a revolutionary relic, 
presented by Mrs. Caleb Congdon, of Cranston. They were used by Col. Christo- 
pher Lippitt, who had command of a Rhode Island regiment, in the campaign under 
Washington, in New Jersey, from 1775 to 1778, as a part of his camp equipage. 
The late venerable John Howland, second president of this society, was a private 
in Capt. David Dexter 's company, in this regiment, and the report gave a very 
interesting account written by Mr. Howland, of the volunteering of the men to 
remain alter theirtime_expircd, which occurred in New-Jersey on the 31st day of 
December, 1771. 

The report gives the following names of resident members who have deceased 



218 Societies and their proceedings. [April, 

during the year, viz. : the Hon. Richard J. Arnold, James T. Rhodes, Dea. Henry 

B. Drowne, William P. Blodget, William E. Richmond, Richard It. Ward, of 
New- York, who, until his death, was the senior honorary member of the society, 
having been elected in 1823, has also deceased during the year. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Ilowland, of Newport, cabinet keeper of the southern depart- 
ment, sent his annual report in writing, which was received and ordered on file. 

Mr. Henry T. Beckwith offered a resolution amending the Constitution, which 
was adopted. 

Mr. Richmond P. Everett, treasurer, presented his annual report of the receipts 
and expenditures for the year, which was received and ordered on file. The report 
shows the following balances on hand : general fund, $708.26 ; life-membership fund, 
$440.83 ; semi-annual anniversary fund, $77.30. Total, $1,220.45. 

The election of officers then took place with the following result : 

President — Samuel G. Arnold. 

Vice-Presidents — Zachariah Allen, Francis Brinley. 

Secretary — Amos Perry. 

Cabinet Keeper and Corresponding Secretary, Northern Department — Tho Rev. 
Edwin M. Stone. 

Cabinet Keeper, Southern Department — Benjamin B. Howland. 

Treasurer — Richmond P. Everett. 

Committee on Nomination of New Members— E. M. Stone, Wm. G. Williams, 
George C. Collins. 

Committee on Lectures and Reading of Papers — William Gammell, Amos Perry, 
Charles W. Parsons. 

Committee on the Publications of the Society — John R. Bartlctt, Edwin M. Stone, 
J. Lewis Diman. 

Committee on Grounds and Buildings — Isaac II. Southwick, Henry W. Lathrop, 
Richmond P. Everett. 

Audit Committee — Henry T. Beckwith, Walter Blodget. 

The following resolution was presented, read and passed : 

Resolved, That the Committee on Publications be authorized and instructed to 
print five hundred copies of the records of the society, to embrace the reports for the 
past year of the treasurer of and tho cabinet keepers of the northern and southern 
departments, and a necrology of the members of the society who have died during 
the year, and draw on the treasurer for the expense of the same. 

On motion of Mr. Harry T. Beckwith the annual assessment of three dollars was 
voted. 

Mr. William A. Mo wry, at his request, was granted permission to remove from 
the cabinet the copperplate on which is engraved the Map of the State of Rhode 
Island in 1795, and given authority to print copies from the same. 

The committee on nomination of new members reported the following named 
candidates, who were voted for and unanimously admitted members of the society, 
viz. : Resident Members— the Rev. Henry W. Rugg, the Rev. E. H. Capen, George 

C. Nightingale. Jr., Dr. Albert E. Ham, Prof. Carl W. Ernst, the Hon. Joshua M. 
Addeman, Charles Matteson, George Wheaton, 2d, Stephen Brownell, Benj. W. Par- 
sops, Joseph Cartland, Benj. G. Pabodie, Edmund S. Hopkins, of Providence; 
Gideon L. Spencer, Henry L. Fairbrother, Barney L. Chase, of Pawtucket ; the Rev. 
0. P. Lane, of Bristol. Honorary Member — James Anthony Froude, London, Eng. 

The cabinet keeper announced the following named contributions since the last 
meeting of the society : 

From Richard P. Everett, fragments of stone from the graves of Ex-Presidents 
Andrew Jackson and James K. Polk, in Tennessee ; a piece of wood from tho 
" Consumptives' House," in the Mammoth Cave, Kentucky ; old New-England Al- 
manacs for 1707-98, 1817-23 ; Guide to Providence river; statistics of Lowell manu- 
factures for 1873. 

From Henry E. Whipple, Providence, genealogy of the Whipple family, 1873. 
From William G. Williams, Providence, Providence Tax Books for 1809-1872 ; Tri- 
bune Almanacs for 1801, 'G2, '01, '65, '09; old Farmer's for 1808, '69. From Dr. 
George L. Collins, Providence, 21 volumes of the "Providence Directory," from 
1817 to 1872, inclusive. From Royal C. Taft, Esq., History of Pittsford, Vt.,by A. 
M. Caverly, M.D.,1872. 

February 3. — A meeting of the society was held Tuesday evening, Vice-President 
Allen, presiding. The Secretary, the Hon. Amos Perry, read the records of the 
preceding meeting. The librarian, the Rev. E. M. Stone, announced the following 
donatio us : 



1874.] Societies and their Proceedings. 219 

William V. Daboll, Providence, pair of flax and worsted combers, owned and 
used by the wife of Joseph Williams, son of Roger Williams. These relics of the 
domestic industry of the olden time, were made about 200 years ago. William G. 
Williams, framed portrait of Gen. Winfield Scott, and large picture, framed, of " The 
Last Supper." J. Albert Monroe, copy of the Providence Gazette for Oct. G, 1792. 
Franklin H. Richmond, 174 miscellaneous Rhode Island pamphlets. Henry T. 
Bcckwith, History of the War, with America, France, Spain and Holland, 1775- 
1783, by John Andrews, LL.D., four volumes, London, 1785. Catey B. Tyler, 
Warwick, Almanacks, 1795, 1797, 1808, 1812, 1814, 1819, 1821, 1822. 

The Rev. Mr. Stone read a "chapter from the History of Education in Rhode 
Island." He spoke of the peculiar circumstances under which the state was settled, 
and traced the movements for providing means for educating children and youth 
from 1G40, one year after the settlement of Newport, to 1778, when a spirited and 
successful effort was made to establish a state public school system. 

This was secured in 1800, largely through the active services of John Ilowland, 
representing the Mechanics Association, and many leading citizens of Providence, 
who cooperated with him. There was much opposition to the system in different 
parts of the state, especially from the class intended to be benefited. After three 
years, the school law was repealed ; but the principle of lree schools had taken deep 
root, and was not lost. A sketch of the revival of school interest was given, and the 
various steps taken, which in 1814 resulted in the appointment of the Hon. Henry 
Barnard to the office of state school commissioner. Mr, Barnard held the office live 
years, and rendered an invaluable service. During his administration the Rhode- 
Island Institute of Instruction was organized, which has accomplished important 
results for the educational cause. The first president of the institute was the Hon. 
John Kingsbury, who held the office eleven years. His successors have been, Prof. 
Samuel S. Greene, John J. Ladd, William A. Mowry, Noble A. DeMunn, James 
T. Edwards, Thomas W. Bicknell, Albert J. Manchester, Merrick Lyon and I. F. 
Cady. 

Improvements in school-houses and in methods of teaching, as also the establish- 
ment of a Normal school and the higher standard of qualification of teachers, were 
adverted to ; and it was shown that the expenditures for public school education, 
including school-houses throughout the state, had increased from $55,053 in 1814, to 
$405,023.03 in 1873. 

In conclusion the paper paid a deserved tribute to the labors of those who early 
devoted themselves to promoting a cause that has developed into the grand propor- 
tions we now witness. At this time Rhode Island has the longest school year, count- 
ing the weeks of actual teaching, of any in Ncw-Engand, and the longest of any 
state in the Union, except New- Jersey. 

At the close of the paper, interesting remarks were made by Messrs. Perry, 



American Antiquarian Society. 

The annual meeting of this society was held in their hall in Worcester, Mass., 
Oct. 21, 1873, the president, the Hon. Stephen Salisbury, in the chair. 

The report of the council was read by the Hon. J. 11. Trumbull, LL.D., of Hart- 
ford, Conn. He referred, in opening, to that part of the report of the council, read 
by Nathaniel Paine, Esq., at the semi-annual meeting in April last, in which men- 
tion is made of Eliot's Indian Bible, and contemporaneous tracts in the same 
langupge, and said that aside from their value as curiosities, and as memorials of the 
devotion of Eliot and his successors, they have a special value to students of language, 
as text-books in a well defined dialect of that great Algonkin language, which, at the 
beginning of the 17th century, was spoken over a wide extent of territory, and arc 
more trustworthy because they were written before the speech of the natives was 
essentially modified by intercourse with foreigners. 

A complete catalogue, with accurate descriptions, of books printed in New-Eng- 
land for the use of the Indians, is a desideratum in American bibliography, and the 
report presented such a list as can now be obtained, of books and tracts printed in 
the Indian languages, in Cambridge and Boston, before 1775. The report suggested 
that to such a catalogue some notice of the origin and early progress of Indian mis- 
sions in New-England, may not inappropriately serve as an introduction. 

The subject of the report may be briefly stated to be a history of the early efforts 
made in New-England to christianize the Indians, and an account of Eliot's Bible, 
and other works in the various Indian dialects prevalent in New-England in the 17th 



220 Societies and their ^Proceedings. [April, 

century. This discourse will be published in the Proceedings of the Society, and 
will be a very valuable contribution to the subject. 

The reports of the librarian, S. F. Haven, Esq., and the treasurer, Nathaniel Paine, 
Esq., formed a part of the report of the council, and were submitted by these 
officers. 

In answer to Dr. S. A. Green, Mr. Trumbull explained that Eliot used the English 
version in his translation of the Bible, with constant reference to the original Hebrew 
and Greek. In answer to other questions Mr. Trumbull said he had completed his 
dictionary of the Massachusetts language, which includes all the words included iu 
the translations of Mr. Eliot, and that Avith the mastery of trilling differences in 
dialects, Eliot's Indian Bible could be read with facility by modern Indians of the 
Algonquin stock. The president expressed the hope that Mr. Trumbull's work will 
not be allowed to remain long in its present unsafe manuscript form. 

The Rev. E. E. Hale presented some memoranda in regard to early maps of 
America, obtained in Munich libraries. He had found the " Island of Brazil " set 
down on the earlier maps, and it is even delineated on some of the sailing charts of 
European steamers at the present time ; but on his return voyage from Europe, he 
examined the chart of the Calabria, on which it does not appear. He had thus seen 
this island disappear with his own eyes, lie also spoke of maps which he found in 
Munich of llendrick Hudson's discoveries. A map of the bay of New- York, he had 
copied, indicating that the maker appreciated the value of that locality as a com- 
mercial point. Most of these maps seem to have been copied from Hudson's own 
maps. On a map of the Hudson's Bay territory, he found a memorandum in rela- 
tion to the extreme cold of a portion of Oregon. These maps, he was there informed, 
were made by a Duke of Northumberland, but he had satisfied himself that the 
Btory is not credible. He attributed them to a eon of the Earl of Leicester, who 
married a sister of Cavendish the buccaneer, and who being exiled resided in 
northern Italy and founded the city of Leghorn, assuming his grandfather's title 
of Duke of Northumberland. These manuscripts are as early as 1G1G, or 1G19, and 
are to be considered quite as authentic as pictures of original discovery as the later 
and more generally received records. 

The Hon. Geo. P. Hoar spoke of a copy of Sir Robert Dudley's " Arcano del Mare" 
— alluded to by Mr. Hale, as being in the Worcester City Library. There are but 
two copies in Great Britain. Mr. Hale said it is a rare work, the only one within 
his knowledge being at Cambridge. Mr. S. P. Haven spoke of the connection of 
this Robert Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, with Sir Thomas Smith, governor of 
the Virginia Company. 

The Hon. P. C. Bacon expressed the opinion that the extreme cold in Oregon, al- 
luded to, must have been in exceptional years, for modern residents in the same 
latitude in Oregon find a mild climate, in which roses bloom every month in the 
year. He also remarked that Mr. Holmes Amidown, of New-York, who is writing 
a history of that old town, had discovered a letter, in England, written by Gov. 
Winthrop soon after his arrival here, in which the writer describes a visit to a high 
point of land near Cambridge, from which high mountains could be seen, probably 
Wachusett and Monadnock. This is probably the first written allusion to theso 
mountains. 

Prof. Egbert C. Smyth, of Andover, called attention to some records of the con- 
nection of Columbus, by marriage. His lirst wife was a Portuguese, of Italian de- 
scent ; by name Eilippa, and daughter of Bartolommeo Perestrello, at one time gov- 
ernor of the island of Porto Santo. 

Col. John 1). Washburn called attention to the communication of Mr. Doyle in 
relation to the discovery of the bay of San Eraneiseo, mentioned in the librarian's 
report. He read an interesting sketch as an addition to the report of the council 
written by himself a year and a half ago, including therewith Mr. Doyle's com- 
munication, and his pamphlet in relation to the " Pious Fund." In 17G7 the 
Spanish government expelled the Jesuits from California, and all their missions 
were transferred to the Franciscans and the Dominieans, the former being charged 
with the care and distribution of the " Pious Fund." The question sought to be de- 
termined was the true discoverer of the bay of California, whether Sir Francis Drake, 
or the Franciscan missionaries in 17(59. Both Mr. Doyle and Col. Washburn agree 
in the opinion that credit is due to the latter. Mr. Doyle's communication and Mr. 
Washburn's paper were full of interesting facts and records, from the journals of 
the Franciscan fathers. 

The lion. Stephen Salisbury, president of the socict % y, said the gift of the portrait 
of Gov. Endecott demanded more attention than the brief mention in the librarian's 



1874-.] Societies and their Proceedings, 221 

report. The portrait was accompanied by a letter from Judge Endecott, stating it 
to be an accurate copy of the original in the possession of the family, painted in 10G5, 
the year of the governor's death. The copy is painted by Mr. Southard, of Salem. 

Mr. Salisbury said the portrait is a most valuable acquisition, and pointed out its 
superiority to a copy which has been in the possession of the society for some time, 
in Avhieh, however, he Avho would see the original would be compelled to turn away 
and see his " visage in his mind." This new copy presents lineaments and expres- 
sions that are suited to a man of modesty, self-possession, benevolence and firmness, 
who is described as " a fit instrument to begin this Wilderness work, of courage, 
bold, undaunted, yet sociable and of a cheerful spirit, loving or austere as occasion 
required." His apprehensions and his temper were quick, and his decisions tena- 
cious. But in and above all his words and actions, there was a constant and cheerful 
recognition of religious duty. The evidence of personal beauty, that we see, is ac- 
credited in the transmission of the same gift to his female descendants in the present 
century. 

John Endecott was born in Dorchester, Eng., in 1588, in the same year with Gov. 
Winthrop. His second wife was Elizabeth Gibson, who was born in Cambridge, 
Eng., and the mother of twelve children. The only record of his education is in his 
letters, which, with an independent variety in spelling, and an entire absence of 
quotations from other languages with one exception, are of a high character for 
distinct statements and a choice of courteous and graceful expressions. He was to 
some extent a physician, and his title of captain and his holding of the office of col- 
onel and sergeant major-general indicate some military training. There is no state- 
ment that he had any habitual active occupation, except the care of the officers of 
the colony, to which he was devoted with zeal in all the positions to which he was 
called. 

To say that he served, though not successively, sixteen years as governor, and 
four years as deputy-governor, and for the same period he was sergeant major-gene- 
ral, the highest military officer, shows the field but not the intensity and value of 
his labors. In this connection Mr. Salisbury gave a detailed review of the duties 
and services of Gen. Endecott, with particular notice of his personal relations with 
Gov. Winthrop, who succeeded him in office. His most unostentatious and unob- 
served relinquishment of office to Gov. Winthrop seems to be a sublime act that has 
not received the praise it deserves. They continued in friendly intercourse and co- 
operation. 

Gov. Endecott confidently believed the doctrines of the Puritans, but he was not 
more narrow and severe than the leading men of his day ; he sympathized with 
Roger Williams in some of his liberal views. 

Two acts of Gov. Endecott, which have often been mentioned to his prejudice, 
were alluded to. The first was his cutting down the May-pole and dispersing tire 
inhabitants at Merry Mount, now Quincy. The second point was his agency in 
cutting out the cross from the English flag. The cross was esteemed a relic of popish 
idolatry, and as such the Puritans were led to desire its disuse. Capt. Endecott, 
who was more quick to feel and act than his associates, cut the cross from the flag. 
The sword with which he committed this bold act of rebellion, is preserved as an 
heirloom in his family. May we not conjecture that it was the flag, as the symbol 
of a foreign power, more than the cross, that provoked his attack, while portraits are 
perpetual witnesses, that, with the carefulness of a crusader, ho always wore tho 
sacred emblem conspicuously marked in the form of his beard. 1 

The Rev. Mr. Waterston presented several stereoscopic views, of peculiar habits 
and customs of American Indians, accompanying them with brief remarks upon the 
importance and value of such pictures as historical records, lie also presented a 
collection of arrows and arrow heads. Mr. Waterston reported that he has 6et on 
foot a collection of Indian photographs on an extended scale. 

The society voted to proceed to the election of a president for the ensuing year, 
which resulted in tho unanimous re-election of the lion. Stephen Salisbury, of Wor- 
cester, to that office. 

On motion of Dr. Green, a committee, consisting of Dr. Green, the Rev. Dr. 
Peabody and the Hon. Isaac Davis, were appointed a committee to nominate the re- 
maining officers. They reported as follows : 

Vice- Presidents. — The Hon. Benj. E. Thomas, LL.D., Boston; James Lenox, 
Esq., New- York. 

1 Sec also memoir and portrait of Gov. Endecott in Register, i. 201-24; and for a brief 
genealogy of the family, see same volume, 335-42.— [Editor or Register.] 
VOL. XXIX. 20 



222 Boole-Notices. [April, 

Council. — The lion Isaac Davis, LL.H., Worcester; the Hon. Nathaniel B. 
Shurtleff, M.D., Boston; S. F. Haven, Esq., Worcester; the Kev. E. E. Hale, 
Boston; Joseph Sargent, M.D., Worcester; Charles Deane, LL.I)., Boston ; the 
Ttev. Seth Sweetser, D.D., Worcester ; the Hon. Richard Frothinghani, Charles- 
town ; the Hon. Henry Chapin, Worcester; the Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, 
LL.D., Hartford. 

Secretary of Foreign Correspondence. — The Hon. Charles Sumner, LL.D., Boston. 

Secretary of Domestic Correspondence. — The Hon. Emery Washburn, LL.D., 
Cambridge. 

Recording Secretary.— Col. John D. Washburn, Worcester. 

Treasurer. — Nathaniel Paine, Esq., Worcester. 

Committee on Publication. — S. F. Haven, Esq., Worcester ; the Rev. Edw. E. 
Hale, Boston ; Charles Deane, LL.D., Cambridge. 

Auditors. — The Hon. Isaac Davis, LL.D., Worcester ; the Hon. Ebenezer Tor- 
rey, Fitchburg. 

These gentlemen were then unanimously elected. 

The secretary, Col. Washburn, reported from the council the names of the Hon. 
Thomas II. Wynne, of Virginia, Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U. S. N., and Prof. 
J. V. Hayden, of the U. 8. Exploring Expedition, for membership in the society, 
and they were duly elected. 

The Rev. Mr. Hale brought up the matter of the preservation of the tomb of John 
Smith, in the church of St. Sepulchre, London. He said the church is to be reno- 
vated next year, and suggested that as a proper time for the society to act. He 
proposed the re-cutting of the worn-out inscriptions and the setting of a stained 
glass window over the tomb. 

The Hon. Geo. E. Hoar moved a committee with authority to have the inscription 
re-cut, and to erect a proper memorial, to be approved by the council, and to procure 
funds for the purpose. The motion was carried, and Messrs. Hoar, Haven and the 
Rev. Mr. Hale were appointed. 



BOOK-NOTICES. 



Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Harvard University, in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. By Joiin Langdon Sibley, M.A., Librarian of Har- 
vard University, and Member of the Massachusetts and other Historical 
Societies. Volume I., 1G4 2-1 G58. With an Appendix, containing an 
Abstract of the Steward's Accounts, and Notices of Non-Graduates, 
from 1G49-50 to 1659. [Seal of the University.] Cambridge: Charles 
William Sever, University Book-store, 1873. [8vo. pp. xx. and G18, 
with List of Subscribers.] 

After the lapse of two hundred and thirty years from the graduating of the first 
class at Harvard College, we have a collection of biographical sketches of a portion 
of the earliest graduates that is alike worthy of this venerable institution of learning 
and of the men whose lives are here commemorated. The work, of which this volume 
is the first matured fruit, has been in preparation for a longtime. For several years 
the literary public had been aware of the fact that the author was engaged in it ; 
and they had waited patiently and hopefully for this publication, confident that when 
it appeared their hopes would be realized, and their patience rewarded. It was, how- 
ever, only the few who really felt the need of such a work, and especially those who 
had had experience in similar researches, who adequately appreciated the labo- 
rious and difficult task upon which the author had entered. They knew, also, how 
much the labor would be increased if the author indulged his habit of critical and 
exhaustive inquiry. They felt assured, therefore, that when the result of his labors 
should come from the press it would show no evidence of hasty compilation or of 
careless writing ; that it would bo something more and better, to say the least, than 
an undigested collection of names, dates, and opinions, gathered out of the writings 



i 



1874.] 



Booh-JSFotioes. 223 



of other men who wrote, sometimes, without due care or proper sense of responsibili- 
ty, and on partial information. They were satisfied, too, that these sketches would 
nut be the untimely fruit of a few months of rapid work thrown otf in vacation 
to till a gap in the literary market, or simply to make money ; and, hence, chiefly 
useful, in the end, for having served as a means of employment to paper-makers, 
printers, and book-agents ; but that it would be the issue of a thorough and conscien- 
tious effort to secure fulness of information, accuracy in details, and impartiality in 
matters of opinion. 

This volume has been in the hands of subscribers for nearly a year, and during 
that time has been subjected to the kind of use which furnishes the best test of its 
merits. For ourselves we can say that, in all material respects, the volume sur- 
passes our highest expectations ; and we feel confident that it will live and hold a 
permanent place in the estimation of scholars and historical students. 

It is a source of satisfaction, and an occasion for congratulation, when one finds 
a book to which he can go with increasing confidence. The future may bring to 
light a few new data to correct or supplement its facts and statements, but, as a 
whole, it will stand. It is an authority. Such a book belongs to that class of lite- 
rary works which are begun because there is need of them ; because their authors 
are inspired to write'; because the author, the materials, and the need are in fit 
conjunction. The results are products which have perpetual life and usefulness 
begotten in them. Such books are few in number, and come into being at long 
intervals; but they, and they only, survive. If any one, who hns looked upon the 
imperial libraries of Europe, or upon our own smaller but already large libraries, 
doubts whether the doctrine of the survivorship of the best or strongest is appli- 
cable to books, let him recall the list which Dr. Southey set down as the indispen- 
sable but sufficient books for an English gentleman. The list is short, indeed, but 
it contains the deep wells from which modern thought draws its best and most co- 
pious supplies. 

We have already said that there was need of this work upon which Mr. Sibley 
has entered. It is true that not a few of the men whose names are included 
in the sketches now published, and in those being prepared, were undistinguished 
in their generation. The majority, however, were men who stamped the impress of 
their characters upon their time, or essentially influenced the thought and practice 
of their day. Several of the early graduates went abroad to live, and there exerted 
no litle influence in both social and public affairs. The greater number of those 
who remained in this country took an important part in the ecclesiastical, education- 
al, and political affairs of New-England. Especially was this true of the clergy, who 
for a long period after the establishment of Harvard College, and certainly during 
the time when the church absorbed the state, exerted a controlling influence. Most 
of the offices of honor and trust were conferred upon graduates of the college, and 
to them the New-England of that period was mainly indebted for many of its 
best laws and institutions, the underlying ideas and principles of which arc per- 
meating the social and political world. Hence the lives of these men form an im- 
portant part of the early history of the country. 

The work of collecting the materials for these sketches was begun in 1812, or just 
two hundred years after the first class at Harvard College took their degree of 
bachelor of arts. At first Mr. Sibley's labors in this field were confined to editing the 
triennial catalogues, of which he has had charge for more than thirty years. Pre- 
vious to 1812, the triennials were very incomplete, but by persistent correspondence 
and an extensive examination of printed and unprinted matter, in public and private 
libraries, the triennial catalogue of 1815 was so far corrected, and previous omissions 
so far supplied, that it gave the obituary dates of more than three thousand individuals, 
or about three fourths of the whole number deceased. In his preface, which is one of 
the most interesting portions of the volume, the author acknowledges his indebt- 
edness to various aids, and especially to the triennials annotated and revised by the 
Rev. Nicholas Oilman, Dr. Belknap, William Winthrop, and Dr. John Pierce, and 
the biographical sketches prepared by Dr. Cotton Mather, John Farmer, and 
Others. 

In 1859 the materials had so accumulated that the author yielded to a suggestion 
made in 1848, and began to work them up into biographical sketches, but it was not 
till 1870 that any portion was given to the printer, and not then until the whole had 
been critically revised ; after which it was again entirely re-written while going 
through the press. Surely no one can accuse the author of undue haste ; and if any 
important errors shall eventually be discovered in this volume, it will not be because 
he did not take pains to get full and accurato information. Such cautious and criti- 



224 Book-JSTotides. [April, 

cal authorship must seem extreme old-fogyism to the multitudinous historians of the 
late war, who had begun to shovel their materials into the mill before the armies 
were disbanded, and whose minor errors consist in mixing up distinct campaigns, 
putting confederate officers over federal troops, and locating battles on the wrung 
side of a river. 

This, the first, volume of the sketches embraces the classes that were graduated 
from 1612 to 1G58, inclusive. For the benefit of such as may not have access to the 
volume we give here a list of the names. (Class of 1012:) Benjamin Woodbridge, 
George Downing, John Bulkley, William Hubbard, Samuel Bellingham, John Wil- 
son, lleury Saltonstall, Tobias Barnard, Nathaniel Brewster. (Class of 1G-13:) 
John Jones, Samuel Mather, Samuel Danforth, Juhn Allin. (Class of 1615:) John 
Oliver, Jeremiah Holland, William Ames, John Russell, Samuel Stow, James 
Ward, Robert Johnson. (Class of 1610 :) John Alcock, John Brock, George Stirk, 
Nathaniel White. (Class of 1647 :) Jonathan Mitchel, Nathaniel Mather, Comfort 
Star, John Birden, Abraham Waiver, George Hadden, William Mildmay. (Class 
of 1619:) John Rogers, Samuel Eaton, Urian Oakes, John Collins, John Bowers. 
(Class of 1650:) William Stoughton, John Glover, Joshua llobart, Jeremiah 
llobart, Edmund Weld, Samuel Phillips, Leonard Hoar, Isaac Allerton, Jonathan 
Ince. (Class of 1651 :) Michael Wigglesworth, Seaborn Cotton, Thomas Dudley, 
John Glover, Henry Butler, Nathaniel Pelham, John Davis, Isaac Chauncy, Ichabod 
Chauncy, Jonathan Burr. (Class of 1652:) Joseph Rowlandson. (Class of 1653, 
Aug. :) Samuel Willis, John Angier, Thomas Shepard, Samuel Nowell, Richard 
Hubbard, John Whiting, Samuel Hooker, John Stone, William Thomson. (Class 
of 1653, Aug. 10:) Edward Rawson, Samuel Bradstreet, Joshua Long, Samuel 
Whiting, Joshua Moodey, Joshua Ambrose, Nchcmiah Ambrose, Thomas Crosby. 
(Class of 1051:) Phillip Nelson. (Class of 1G55 :) Gcrshom Bulkeley, Mordecai 
Matthews. (Class of 1G5G :) Elea/.ar Mather, Increase Mather, Robert Paine, 
Shubael Dummer, John Ilaynes, John Eliot, Thomas Graves, John Emerson. 
(Class of 1G57 :) Zechariah Symmes, Zechariah Bridgden, John Cotton, John Hale, 
Elisha Cooke, John Whiting, Barnabas Chauncy. (Class of 1058 :) Joseph Eliot, 
Joseph Ilaynes, Benjamin Bunker, Jonah Eordham, John Barsham, Samuel Talcott, 
Samuel Shepard. 

The total number is ninety-eight, forty-five of whom, it is quite certain, were born 
in England, while sixteen others are supposed to have been born there. One 
was born in Holland, and two in the Bermuda Islands. Nathaniel Brewster (class 
of 1012), if born in New-England, was the first native graduate. Leonard Hoar, 
Urian Oakes and John Rogers were the first three presidents of the college who were 
taken from the ranks of the graduates, and they held the office in the order named ; 
but, as will be noticed, Hoar was graduated in the next class after that of Oakes and 
Rogers, and the name of the latter stands first in the list of his class in the triennial. 
Incrcahe Mather has the distinction of being the first native graduate who became 
president. Fifty-six of these graduates entered upon the Christian ministry, twenty- 
two of whom went abroad, the greater part to England, where they afterward lived 
and died. Ten graduates, but not ordained ministers, also went abroad and re- 
mained. It will thus be readily seen that while it may have been comparatively 
easy to obtain some materials relating to the clergy and eminent laymen who re- 
mained in this country, the case was far otherwise as to those who emigrated, and 
as to the less distinguished of those who remained at home. 

In some instances very little could be ascertained ; in not a few, hardly any thing 
beyond the fact that the individual was graduated. This is substantially true of 
Nathaniel Pelham and John Davis (class of 1051), who sailed for London in 1657, 
in company with Jonathan Inco (class of 1650), and were " never heard of more." 
Of Tobias Barnard, Jeremiah Holland, John Birden, Abraham Waiver, Georgo 
Hadden, William Mildmay, Joshua and Nehemiah Ambrose, Mordecai Matthews, 
Robert Paine, Joshua Long and a few others, the materials are very meagre. Some 
of these went abroad soon after their graduation ; others remained in this country; 
but nearly all died early. 

Not counting those which cover less than a page, we have eighty-four sketches 
in this volume, ranging from one to sixty pages, each, including the bibliographi- 
cal lists, and the references. The length of a sketch is not a sure test of the amount 
of labor spent in its preparation ; for the less conspicuous the individual or 
less eventful his life, the greater is the difficulty of obtaining accurate information 
in regard to him. The most distinguished characters of course receive the fullest 
treatment. These, in tl to order of their classes, are Woodbridge, Downing, William 
Hubbard, Samuel Mather, Allin, Ames, Mitchell, Oakes, Stoughton, Phillips, Hoar, 



1874.] Booh-JSToticesi 225 

Wigglesworth, Rowlandson, Shcpard, Nowell, Moodey, Gershom Bulkeley, Increase 
Mather, Cotton, and Hale. All of those studied divinity, and several studied medi- 
cine also. All had some experience as preachers, and all, with the exception of 
Downing, Stoughton, and Nowell, at some period of their lives were settled 
ministers. The author devotes twenty-four pages to Hoar and Downing, each ; 
twenty-six to AVigglesworth ; and sixty to Increase Mather. These are the longest 
sketches. In the case of several of these the author had the advantage of the more 
or less extended and elaborate memoirs already existing ; as, for instance, Increase 
Mather and Wigglesworth. In treating of Downing, Oakes, Stoughton, Hoar, 
Moodey and Increase Mather, the chief labor undoubtedly was in so collating and 
weighing the authorities as to arrive at a truthful statement and candid estimate, 
as to such aspects of their characters and such events in their lives as have been sub- 
jects of controversy or difference of opinion. 

The two most remarkable men in this list were Downing and Increase Mather ; 
and, if we take into account what they were, and what they accomplished, and 
estimate, if we can, the continued and far-reaching influence of their lives and acts, 
can we doubt that they were the most influential, if not the ablest, men who were 
ever graduated at an American college? They were as unlike in their intellectual 
attributes, as they were in their moral. Their aims and motives were not less 
apart and dissimilar than were the spheres in winch they labored. Whatever they 
lacked, or whatever else they had, they were both endowed with a natural aptitude 
and capacity for statesmanship. If the one, unhindered by scruples, accomplished 
extraordinary purposes by indirect methods, by statecraft, the other was not less suc- 
cessful in what he undertook for the public interests; but he worked by better 
methods and from the purest motives. In many respects the former may be com- 
pared to Richelieu. The latter had less native ability, but he was a man of deep piety, 
and fixed principles; and he had more than a fair degree of learning for his time, 
joined to shrewdness and good sense. In this respect he was the Franklin of 
his day. Downing's career lay in Europe and chiefly in England. If he had re- 
mained in New-England, most likely he would have proved a failure. What he ac- 
complished for Great Britain, for America, and for mankind, as well, can never be 
over-estimated. In the face of all his faults, or even of his imputed crimes, we 
cannot forget that his agency was potent in the enactment of the Navigation Laws ; 
in the expulsion of the Dutch power from America ; and in the establishment of the 
principle, now universally recognized in all constitutional governments, that the 
people have the right, through their representatives, to regulate the uses to which 
money raised by public taxes may be applied; that is, the principle of specific ap- 
propriations. It has been stated that Downing was also concerned in the enactment 
of the amended Habeas Corpus Act, of which our statutes on that subject are but 
slightly modified transcripts ; but the evidence for this may require further con- 
sideration. 

In estimating the character and services of Increase Mather we have to consider 
not only his long and eminent pastorate, the fruits of his prolific pen, surpassed in 
number but not in value by those of his distinguished son, his influence upon the com- 
munity, and his presidency of the college, but also his able and important service at 
home and in England, in behalf of the°eolony of Massachusetts Ray. Nor is that 
service in danger of being over-estimated. 

In writing of Mather, Stoughton, and Hale, Mr. Sibley was obliged to deal with 
their opinions and conduct in the matter of the witchcraft delusion. This he has 
done briefly, and without entering upon some of the controverted points. We shall 
hope to have his judgment at length and on the wdiole subject when he comes to 
sketch the life and cliaracter of Cotton 'Mather. 

In dealing with the presidency of Hoar and of Oakes, there was no little difficulty, 
for the questions involved are delicate enough. The conclusions reached will probably 
be very generally accepted. In the case of Moodey, we do not feel quite clear that 
the author gives us the clue to the true explanation of the politico-religious contro- 
versy between him and his adversaries in New-Hampshire. This and other chap- 
ters in our early history are now undergoing a more thorough and candid examina- 
tion than ever before. As this scrutiny goes on and fresh materials come to light, 
it is beginning to be seen that our history is not to be written from one point of 
view alone : that here, as in most controversies, there are atleast two.sides. Our 
writers are beginning to see that nothing is so candid as the simple truth, and the 
disposition to get at the truth is growing. This was manifest in Mr. Palfrey's His- 
tory of New-England, and in the Historical Lectures delivered before the Lowell Insti- 
tute in 1809 ; and it is manifest in this volume. Such examples are good, and they 

VOL. xxix. 20* 



226 J3ook-JS T otices. [April, 

ought to be influential ; for we can ill afford to go on repeating stock epithets 
and unreasoned and unreasonable prejudices begotten in times of excitement, party 
zeal, and revolution. Lynch law is bad enough at any time, but it is most deplorable 
when employed in historical writing and criticism. To condemn and execute men 
unheard is murder. 

In his sketch of the Rev. John Russell, we see that the author has adopted the 
story of the " mysterious stranger " (Col. Goffe, the regicide), who it is alleged sud- 
denly appeared among the assembled people of Iladley, on or about the first day of 
September, 1G75, and after leading them against the Indians, on that occasion, as 
suddenly disappeared. The whole story rests upon the thinnest tradition ; and if it 
shall be demonstrated, as we think it will be, at no distant period, that there was 
no attack on Iladley at that time, nor about that time, it may also prove true that 
the whole story is a myth. It originated in a superstitious age, and among a peo- 
ple given to a largo belief in prodigies. 

A very valuable portion of this volume is that which is devoted to catalogues of 
the works of these graduates. They have been prepared with great labor and care, 
and are far more complete than anything of the kind ever before attempted. These 
include more than three hundred and fifty titles. In the catalogue of Moodey's 
publications there is a partial omission, f lie entry is as follows : — " Believers Hap- 
py Change by Death : Funeral Sermon on Thomas . Boston, 1G07. 8vo. pp. 32." 

The full title of that work is : The | Believers happy Change | By DYING | as 
it was Recommended in a SERMON | Preached, on the occasion of the | Death of | 
Capt. THOMAS DANIEL, Esq. | Who was interred the day before, | November 
17th, Ui83. | By the Reverend Mr. Joshua Moodey, | late Pastor of the Church of 
Chribt | at Portsmouth in New-England, now | gone to Rest. | Isa. 57. 2. He shall 
enter into peace, they \ shall rest in then- beds, each one walking in \ his uprightness. \ 
Boston, in N. E. Printed by D. Green, and /. Allen, | 1097. 

A list of authorities is appended to each sketch. This is a convenient arrange- 
ment, inasmuch as it avoids a frequent citation of the same authorit}'. The volume 
is supplemented by an abstract of the steward's accounts, and notices of non-gradu- 
ate students from 1G 19-50 to 1(559. By means of these memoranda it is possible 
that a very full if not a complete catalogue of the students, during that period, 
might be constructed. 

We conclude this inadequate notice by expressing our earnest hope that the au- 
thor may have such a further lease of life and strength, and such encouragement, as 
will enable him to publish a series of volumes in continuation of this. a. u. uoyt. 

Memorial of Thomas Potts, Junior, who settled in Pennsylvania ; with an 
Historic- Genealogical Account of his Descendants to the Eighth Genera- 
tion. By Mrs. Thomas Potts James, Member of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. Cambridge: Privately Printed. 1871. [Two editions 
— large and small 4to. pp. 416.] 

The history of this book is thus told by the author : " Seven years ago, I began 
to collect and transcribe for the information of my children, the materials for a family 
history, without any intention of preparing them for the press. As the work pro- 
gressed, it became known to some of the descendants of Thomas Potts, wdio, finding 
that I had gathered up valuable information about the older members of the family, 
urged me to arrange it as a memorial and print it by subscription, that it might bo 
preserved in a permanent form. To this repeated request, I unwillingly consented, 
— unwillingly, because I foresaw it would involve a great expenditure of time, care, 
and critical research to connect interesting facts, and to put them in a narrative 
form ; but I consented, because the manuscript prepared from widely scattered papers 
could not be replaced if accidentally destroyed, unless copies of it were multiplied by 
printing." 

The Potts family, which early settled in Pennsylvania, held an important position 
in that colony, both in civil and military affairs. The present volume, containing 
as it does a comprehensive genealogy of this family, with full historical and bio- 
graphical details, cannot fail of interesting the student of American history as well 
as the members of the family to which it is devoted. Mrs. dames deserves no small 
credit for the fulness and accuracy of this work. Some of the difficulties with which 
she. lias had to contend will be best described in her own words : " The genealogist 
in Pennsylvania meets with peculiar obstacles: town-records like those of New- 
England are unknown ; Friends' records, especially iu the last century, are imperfect, 



1874.] 



Book-Notices. 227 



and the address of the clerks of the meetings difficult to obtain, yet it is due to these 
officers to say that they have always examined and transcribed entries at my request 
willingly and without remuneration. The objection of Quakers and their de- 
scendants to the erection of gravestones cuts olf another source of authentic infor- 
mation, and the small number of genealogical books of Pcnnsylvanians yet printed 
obliges those engaged in the subject to search official records for dates and facts, even 
of historical families." 

The Potts family has been prominent in the development of the iron and coal 
mines of Pennsylvania, so that the early history of these mines forms a principal 
feature of the volume. Mrs. James has been fortunate in obtaining the use of the 
Potts family papers which have been preserved for several generations, and which 
throw much light on the subject. The array of facts here presented, many of which 
have never before been printed, shows that the manufacture of iron and the working 
of the coal mines in Pennsylvania date much farther back than we should infer from 
the historical works upon that state. The book is therefore a valuable addition to 
the history of the industry of our country, as well as of Pennsylvania. 

No expense has been spared in getting up the book. The paper is of the finest 
quality, and the printing docs credit to the University Press, where it was executed, 
while numerous views, portraits and other illustrations, add to its attraction and 
value. Fifty copies of the large paper edition, and four hundred of the small paper, 
were printed. The balance of these editions not subscribed for can be obtained of 
the author, 94 Brattle street, Cambridge, at ten dollars for small and twenty dollars 
for large paper copies. J. w. dean. 

Reports and Papers read at the Meetings of the Architectural Societies of the 
Diocese of 'Lincoln , County of York, Archdeaconry of Northampton, County 
of Bedford, Diocese of Worcester, County of Leicester, and Town of Shef- 
field, during the year JIIDCCCLXX. Printed gratuitously to the mem- 
bers of the above Societies. General President, Ven. Archdeacon Trollope, 
Leasingham, Sleaford. General Treasurer, Rev. II. J. Bigge, Rocking- 
ham. General Auditor, Rev. John Bell, Oulton, Wakefield. Published 
and sold by James Wilkinson, 200 High street, Lincoln ; Sunter, York; 
Dorman, Northampton ; F. Thompson, Bedford. [8vo. pp. 340. Paper 
covers.] 

For several years last past a very general and important movement has been going 
on in England in the direction of a study of the history and present condition of the 
cathedrals, and old parish churches and other ecclesiastical buildings. In pursuance 
of this object numerous societies have been formed. The fruits of their inter- 
esting labors is seen not only in the elaborate and learned architectural and his- 
torical reports that have been made public, but in the general and deep interest that 
has been aroused in behalf of the ancient ecclesiastical edifices. The wide-spread 
and zealous efforts now being made in many parts of England for the restoration and 
preservation of churches, and other edifices connected with them, had their origin to 
a great extent in the labors of these societies. Aside from the benefits that may 
follow from this work of restoring and preserving these ancient and picturesque 
memorials of old England ; aside from the enlarged and wider uses these edifices 
may yet be put to ; the influence of such studies in history and architecture is not 
by any means to be overrated. 

The half-volume before us is part 2, of the volume for 1870, or volume x. of tho 
peries of reports and papers of the associated architectural societies above named. 
Besides the reports of the visitations and other labors of each of these societies, tho 
volume contains the formal and elaborate papers read at their meetings. The fol- 
lowing arc the titles : 

1. Boston and other Churches, &c., visited by the Society on the 10th and 17th of 
June, 1870. By the Ven. Edward Trollope, M.A., F.S.A., Archdeacon of Stow, 
With Illustrations. 2. Sepulchral Monuments and Effigies in Boston Church, 
Lincolnshire. By M. 11. Bloxam, Esq., F.S.A. 3. Notices of Boston in 16i21. By 
the Rev. G. B. Blenkin, M.A., Prebendary of Lincoln, Vicar of Boston. 4. Frag- 
ments — Dunsby Font — Sepulchral Discovery at Wainflect — Early Gravestones at 
Howell — Seal of Godcshouse, Cambridge— Other Mediaeval Seals — Sacring Bell— 
Ahnbbox found at Browne's Hospital, 1 " Stamford— Roman Coins lately found in 
Lincolnshire. With Illustrations. 5. On the Saxou Church of All Saints, Kirby 



228 Book-JSFotices. [April, 

Hill, Boroughbridge. By the Rev. George Howe, M.A. _ With Illustrations. 6. 
Historical Notices of the Edifice called the King's Manor, situate near the walls of 
the City of York. By Robert Davies, F.S.A. Willi Illustrations. 7. The Choral 
Arrangement of Churches. By the Rev. Owen \V. Davys, M.A. 8. Antiquity of 
the Human Race. Further Links in the Chain of Evidence. By James Wyatt, 
F.G.S. With Illustrations. 9. Detached Church Belfries, with special reference 
to those in the County of Hereford. By J. Severn Walker. With Illustrations. 
10. Monuments in Stamford Church, Worcestershire. By M. H. Bloxam, Esq., 
F.S.A. With Illustrations. 11. Contributions to the History of Leicester Abbey. 
By Joseph Burtt, Esq., F.S.A. 12. The Bishopric of Peterborough and its Prelates. 
By the Rev. J. 11. Hill, B.A., F.S.A. 13. Chantries of Leicestershire and the In- 
ventory of Olncston. By Mackenzie E, 0. Walcott, B.D., F.R.S.L., F.S.A. 

The illustrations arc numerous and very interesting and valuable. A complete 
series of these volumes would be a valuable accession to our public libraries. 

a. n. n. 

TJie Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Transcribed and Edited, 
in Accordance with a Resolution of the General Assembly. By Charles 
J. IIoadly, Librarian of the State Library. Hartford: Press of 
Case, Lockwood & Brainard. 1873. Vols. VII. and VIII. From 1726 
to 1743. [8vo. pp. G10 and G04.] 

Volume vii. commences at page 515 of the fifth volume of the manuscript records 
of the colony, and contains the remaining portion of that volume, covering the 
period from May, 172G, to the close of the May session in 1730. It also contains the 
first 223 pages of the sixth manuscript volume of records, closing with the May 
session of 1735 ; and the Journal of the governor and council from May, 1720, to 
February, 1727-8. 

Volume viii. contains the remainder of the sixth manuscript volume of the colony 
records from page 221, and the first 221 pages of the seventh volume, beginning with 
the October session of 1735, and ending', with the October session 1743. The Journal 
of the governor and council for the years embraced in this volume, is not, Mr. 
IIoadly informs us, known to be extant. 

The action of the general assembly relative to the emission of bills of credit by 
the New-London Society of Trade and Commerce is accompanied, as an illustration, 
by a f'ac-simile of one of these bills, which the Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.I). 
loaned to the editor for that purpose. The appendix contains some documents from 
the British state paper office, not found in the archives of Connecticut, illustrating 
the history of this colony, namely : 1, The order of the king in council upon the 
appeal of John Winthrop against Thomas Lechmere, annulling the law of Connec- 
ticut entitled" An Act for the settlement of Intestate Estates," Feb. 15, 1727 ; and 
2, Queries relating to the colony of Connecticut from the board of trade and plan- 
tations, with the answers thereto, 1729-30. 

As this series of volumes has been so frequently commended in the Register, we 
need only state that these volumes are w r orthy of a place with their predecessors. 

j. w. D. 

The Upton Memorial. A Genealogical Record of the Descendants of John 
Upton, of North Reading, Mass., the Original Emigrant and the Progeni- 
tor of the Families who have since borne his name. Together with Short 
Genealogies of the Putnam, Stone and Bruce Families. By John Adams 
Vinton, author of the Vinton Memorial, &c. Printed for private use, at 
the office of E. Upton & Son, Bath, Me. 1874. [8vo.pp. ix. and 547.] 

The Rev. Mr. Vinton, whose " Svrames Memorial " was noticed in the last num- 
ber of the Register, has again appeared as an author. The Upton Memorial, like 
its predecessors, is a model genealogy, both as to thoroughness of research and 
carefulness in the compilation. 

" The reader," the author informs us, " should understand, that for the erection 
of this monument to a worthy family, and for any satisfaction obtained by him 
from this volume, he is indebted to the generous spirit of the lion. George Bruco 
Upton, of Roston. Too much praiwe can scarcely be bestowed on one who devotes 
the gains of an active life and an almost world-wide commerce to a commemoration 
of a large and respectable family." 



1874.] Book-Mtices. 229 

John Upton, the stirps of the New-England family of this name, is traditionally 
said to bo from Scotland, and one of the prisoners taken by Cromwell, either at 
Dunbar or Worcester, some of whom are known to have been transported to New- 
England, lie settled as early as 1658, in that part of Salem now Danvers, whence 
he removed several years later to Heading, where, in 1699, he died. The Putnam 
family are descended from John Putnam, who settled in Salem in 163 1 ; the Stone 
Family, from Gregory Stone, who settled in Cambridge as early as 1637'; and the 
Bruce family, from George Bruce, who settled in Woburn as early as 1659. 

The volume is elegantly printed, and is illustrated by steel portraits of the follow- 
ing descendants of John Upton, namely, the Hon. George B. Upton, of Boston, the 
Hon. Daniel P. King, of Danvers, Gen. Emory Upton, U.S.A., Elijah Upton, of 
Danvers, and Elijah W. Upton, of Peabody, besides other portraits and illustrations. 

A few copies of this work are for sale at Mr. John Allyn's, 21 Bromtield street, 
Boston. j. w. d. 

A Memoir of the Goddards of North Wills, Compiled from Ancient Records, 
Registers, and Family Papers. By Richard Jefferies. Coate, Swin- 
don. [Small quarto, pp. 56.] 

We have received from the author a copy of this book, which he informs us was 
" designed for a most limited local circulation." It has received favorable notices 
from the " Athenamm," " Notes and Queries," and other publications, and seems 
to be a valuable and timely contribution to the genealogy of the " Goddard Family." 
It certainly contains much more matter relating to the English branches of the 
family than can be found in any other collection, and cannot fail to be of essential 
aid to those of the family in America who are engaged or interested in tracing their 
transatlantic connections. Persons desiring copies of this work, will probably bo 
able to obtain them by applying to Richard Jefferies, Coate, Swindon, Wilts, England. 

In the July number of the Register we shall publish some brief notes on the 
Goddard pedigree, from Mr. E. R. Willson, of Salem, Mass. a. n. ir. 

Directory and History of Plymouth and Barnstable Counties for 1873-4, 
containing a Register and Alphabetical List of the Professions, Trades 
and other Business Pursuits of each Town; under 'which headings, the 
J\ T amcs belonging to each Village and Town are Alphabetically Arranged. 
Boston : Compiled and published by Dean Dudley, No. 31 Exchange St. 
1873. Price $2.00. [8vo. pp. 206 and 1-1.] 

Historic Sketches of Hanson, Lakeville, Mattapoisett, Middleboro\ Pembroke, 
Plympton, Rochester, Wareham and West Bridgewater. By Ebenezer 
Weaver Peirce. Boston: Printed for the Author by Dean Dudley. 
1873. [8vo. pp. 75.] 

Historical Sketches of Towns in Plymouth and Barnstable Counties, 3fassa- 
chusctts. By Dean Dudley. Boston: D. Dudley & Co. 1873. [8vo. 
pp. 11C] 

In the Rigister for January, 1873, p. 103, we noticed the contributions to local 
history made by Mr. Dudley in the various directories which he is publishing. In 
the directory of Plymouth and Barnstable counties, he has laid us under still further 
obligations. 

The two other works arc reprints of the historical sketches of the several towns 
in the volume first named. Gen. Peirce's pamphlet contains sketches of nine towns, 
and Mr. Dudley's of twenty-eight. They are all largely drawn from original 
sources and not compiled, as is frequently the case, from books that are accessible to 
all. j. w. d. 

Tlie Neiu-Yorh Genealogical and Biographical Record. Devoted to the In- 
terests of American Genealogy and Biography. Issued Quarterly. 
This magazine is published by the New- York Genealogical and Biographical Soci- 
ety, at 64 Madison Avenue, at $2.00 per year. Each number contains about 48 
pages, ol well printed and carefully edited matter, relating mainly to New- York and 
vicinity. 



230 Booh-Nfotices. [April, 

This number contains six leading articles, among which are: Biographical 
Sketches of old New- York Families, the Descendants of Frederick Augustus Baron 
Be Zeng, the Descendants of Benjamin Woolsey, Records of the First Presbyterian 
Church of the City of New- York, Records of the Society of Friends of the City of 
New- York and vicinity, from 1640 to 1800. Besides these are Notes on Books, An- 
nouncements, Notes and Queries, Society Proceedings, Obituaries, &c. We have 
heretofore commended this periodical, and are gratified at the evidence of its con- 
tinued prosperity, as well as that of the young and enterprising society under whose 
auspices it is published. a. u. n. 

Genealogy of Two Branches of the Whittier Family, from 1G20 to 1873. 

By D. B. Whittier, Boston, Mass. Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, 

Printers. 1873. [8vo. pp. 22.] 
Eightieth Birth-Day Anniversary of Beacon Reuben Guild, West Bedham-, 

Massachusetts, September 20, 1873. Togetlter with the Genealogy and 

Fersonal History of the West Bedham Branch of the Guild Family. 

Printed for Private Distribution. Providence: 1873. [12 mo. pp. 21.] 

The Whittier genealogy is accompanied by a large and elegant genealogical chart, 
printed in colors. Both give the descent of the poet Whittier and the author from 
Thomas Whittier of Salisbury and Haverhill. Thirty-two different ways in which 
the surname is spelled on the records is given ; but the autograph of the immigrant 
or a son of the same name, dated 1G83, of which a facsimile is given, is spelled 
Whittier. 

The pamphlet relative to Dea. Guild and his family, we presume, was prepared by 
his son, Reuben A. Guild, A.M., the efficient librarian of Brown University. The 
occasion commemorated seems to have been a very pleasant one. 

Both pamphlets are carefully prepared, and are precise in names and dates. 

J. W. D. 

Tlie Historical Magazine and Notes and Queries concerning the Antiqui- 
ties, History and Biography of America. Sept., 1873. Morrisania, N. Y. : 
Henry B. Dawson. [Published monthly, at $5 per year. Pp. G4.] 

As all, or most of, our readers are aware, this magazine was commenced in 1857. 
Since the first of July, 18GG, it has been owned and edited by Mr. Dawson, who 
has had the support of a large number of the foremost historical writers in the 
country. It has always been conducted with great ability, and is invaluable to the 
student of American history. 

For several years last past the editor has been very fortunate in securing reports 
and other original papers relating to the late civil war. These, or most of them , cannot 
be found elsewhere in print. They will be of immense value to the future historian 
of the United States. We might particularize other valuable features of this pub- 
lication, but it is sufficient to say that it is a work absolutely necessary to all pro- 
perly furnished historical libraries. 

The chief articles in the present number are : " Castine, the younger," a paper 
read before the Maine Historical Society, January, 1873 ; Reminiscences of the 
Campaign of 1814, on the Niagara frontier (from the papers of the late David B. 
Douglass, formerly captain U. S. Engineers; The western states of the Great Val- 
ley, and the cause of their prosperity, historically considered ; Historical and Per- 
sonal Reminiscences of Chenango county, New-York. 

This number also contains 75 literary notices. The study and labor involved in 
their preparation are sufficient evidence of the editor's marvellous industry. 

a. n. n. 

Tlie American Historical Record and Repertory of Notes and Queries. 

Edited by Benson J. Lossing, LL.D. Philadelphia: John E. Potter 

and Company. [Published monthly, at $ 1 per year. Pp. 48.] 

We have heretofore spoken favorably of this publication. It is very handsomely 

printed, and ably edited, and is doing a good work in collecting the perishable 

materials relating to the history and antiquities of the United States. The number 

for March (being No. 27 of the series, and No. 3 of volume 3,) is not surpassed by 



1874.] Marriages and Deaths. 231 

any of its predecessors in interest. The contents are as follows : Rev. Jacob Duche, 
William Olayborne, William Ryrd's book-mark, the Military Expedition to the 
Northwest (No. III.), Continental Loan Office, Washington's Orderly-books, Bat- 
tery and Bowling Green, New-York, American Scalps, Origin of the Weather Re- 
ports, Notes and Queries, Autograph Letters, Societies and their Proceedings, 
Current Notes, Obituary (Nicholas P. Trist, Louis T. Wigfall), Literary Notices. 
There are also five illustrations, and four facsimile autographs, viz.: George II., 
James Wilkinson, AVilliam Thompson, John Bradstreet. 

The printing of the orderly-books of Gen. Washington was commenced in the 
last volume; and it will be continued in future numbers. These orderly-books are 
part of a mass of revolutionary documents which has recently come into the pos- 
session of the War Department, from which Secretary Belknap has allowed Mr. 
Lossiug to copy portions for publication in the Record. These documents have been, 
and will continue to be, fully annotated by the editor, whose historical studies and 
attainment admirably fit him for such a work. The series cannot fail to be an at- 
tractive feature of the Record. 

The Record this year has passed into the hands of new publishers, who with the 
editor are sparing no effort to make it worthy of the patronage of persons of histo- 
rical tastes. a. h. n. 

Tlie Perm Monthly. Devoted to Literature, Science, Art and Politics. 
March, 1874. Philadelphia: 50G Walnut street. Contents: The Events 
of the Month, Temperance Plans and Possibilities, The Communism 
of the Old World, The Utility of Government Geological Surveys, 
Greek Pottery, Ubleweg's History of Philosophy, Carmen xxxvii., New- 
Books, Books received. [Published monthly, at $3 per year. Pp. 72.] 

This magazine is now in the fifth year of its existence, and grows better and bet- 
ter. It is peculiarly suited to the intelligent and reflecting portion of the commu- 
nity, in furnishing reading matter which will be useful and agreeable to persons of 
education and refined taste. 

It is devoted to political questions and questions of social science, art, general lit- 
erary criticism, critical notices on important events at home and abroad, scientific 
studies, and to articles on travel, biography, and general literature. a. u. n. 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 

MARRIAGES. John 1 Deane, an early settler of Taun- 

ELDMDGE=:A*rES.— In Marshfield, Nov. ton > { ante > iil 379 )> through John- by 

27, by the Rev. Ebenezer Alden, Capt. wife Sarah Eclson j ' /{;/m3 ?J Z \ • 

Everett D. Eldridge and Miss Lizzie F. nah Bird i Jose P h h l ^ Katharine 

Amos, daughter of Dea. Elijah Ames, Willis 5 Joseph' by wife Mary Gilmore, 

all of M. and Jo /m Gilmore, 6 his lather, lie was 

graduated at Rowdoin College, in the 

DEATHS. class of 1841. After pursuing his legal 

Colbtjrn, William Deblois, in Green Ray, studies in the office of Willis & Fcsseii- 

Wisconsin, May 28, 1873. He was den, lie was admitted to the bar of the 

born in Roston, Mass., February 20, count y of Cumberland, and commenced 

180G. For the past thirty years he had the practice of law in Portland. He 

been a resident of Green Ray. was subsequently a member of the 

Maine legislature, county attorney, and 

Deane, Henry P., Esq., of Portland, Me., surveyor of the port of Portland, 

in Roston, March 25, 1873, aged 49 N. J. n. 
years. He was a son of the late Hon. 

John G. and Rebecca (Padelford) Deane, Flago, Edward W., Esq., at his residence, 

of Ellsworth, Maine. He was a de- in Rangor, Maine, January 10, 1873, at 

scendant in the 7th generation from the age of 48 years. He was graduated 



232 



Deaths, 



[April* 



at Bowdoin College in the class of 1S44, 
and subsequently was a prominent and 
well-known member of the bar of the 
county of Penobscot, and for several 
years clerk of the house of representa- 
tives of Maine. n. j. h. 

Jones, Calvin, Esq., in Alfred, Maine, 
November 18, 1873, aged 90 years, 9 
months and 18 days. 

Nowell, Miss Lucy Langton, in Alfred, 
Maine, December 28, 1873, aged 97 
years, 4 months and 24 days. She was 
born in that town July 4, 1776. Her 
father, Jonathan Nowell, was born in 
York, Maine, December 26, 1732, and 
removed to Alfred in the spring of 177G. 
Miss Nowell was the first female child 
born in Alfred, and when eight years of 
age her father, with his entire family, 
united with the society of Shakers, with 
whom she continued to reside until her 
death. 

Penhallow, Benjamin H., at his residence 
in Lowell, Mass., March 30, 1873. lie 
was born in Portsmouth, N. II., May 
1, 1816, and was a son of the late Hon. 
Benjamin Penhallow, judge of the court 
of sessions. In 1843 he went to the 
Sandwich Islands, where he introduced 
the first printing press, and assisted in 
the conduct of a newspaper. Return- 
ing to Maine, about twenty-five years 
ago, he entered into business in Lowell 
as a printer, which he has prosecuted 
with creditable good taste and success. 
A widow, two sons and two sisters 
survive him. n. j. it. 

Raymond, John, Esq., in Lyman, Maine, 
January 20, 1874, aged 95 years. lie 
was a native oi'Beverly, county of Essex, 



Mass., from which place his father re- 
moved to Lyman in 1785. 

Riley.— In Dover, N. II., Eeb. 17, 1874, 
Mrs. Ann Boardman Riley, aged 82 
years and 8 days. She was a linealde- 
scendant of the first settlers of the town, 
being a granddaughter of Thomas West- 
brooke Waldron, who died in 1785, 
and who in turn was the great-grand- 
son of Major Richard Waldron, who 
emigrated to this town in 1635. Mrs. 
Riley was a most excellent woman, and 
beloved by all who knew her. She was 
born Eeb. 9, 1792 ; married Capt. 
John Riley, Oct. 29, 1813. p. a. a. 

Shapleigh, John II. , Esq., at his resi- 
dence in Lebanon, Maine, May 10, 1873, 
aged 67 years, 3 months and 10 days. 
He was a son of Samuel Shapleigh, a 
native of Eliot, who came to Lebanon 
in 1804, and of the 9th generation from 
Alexander Shapleigh, who came to this 
country in 1635. N. J. n. 

WAsnnuitN, Mrs. Mary Maud, in Minne- 
apolis, Min., June 30, 1873. She was 
the daughter of Col. Ebenezer and Mrs. 
Lucy (Dudley) Webster, and was born 
July 24, 1824, in Orono, Me., where she 
was married Oct. 24, 1S41, to Israel 
Washburn, Jr., since a member of con- 
gress and governor of Maine, and now 
collector of customs for the district of 
Portland, Me. She was a lineal de- 
scendant of Gov. Thomas and Gov. 
Joseph Dudley (Register, x. 239). She 
was a woman of rare grace and cheerful- 
ness. In the varied spheres of duty to 
which she was called, she ably fulfilled 
the requirements of her station. 

II. C. L. 



Note. — The writer of the obituary of Samuel Burnhnm, in the Register for January, is 
satisfied that the statement that Mr. Burnham edited the works of Charles Sumner is 
erroneous. A fuller explanation will appear in July. 



Vs 



— s 



Vol. XXVIII. s . Price $ 3 a Year. 

THE 

Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 



N° CXI. 

JULY — SEPTEMBER, 1874 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON : 

THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

David Clapp & Son, Printers. 
334 Washington St. 



^r 



d 



Albert H. Hoyt, Geo. Henry Preble, 

John Ward Dean, Lucius It. Paige, 

William B. Towne, Harry H. Edes. 

CONTENTS— JULY, 1874. 

*** Illustrations: Portrait of WILLIAM WHITING, LL.D. (to face page 233) ; 
the Garrison Houses of Youk, Me. (page 269). 
I. Memoir of William Whiting, LL.D., with a List of his Publications . . 233 

II. Gleanings: The Rev. James Wetmore, or Whitmorc; the Kimball Family. 

(Continued.) By W. II. Whitmore, A.M. 241 

III. Letters of Capt. Cornelius Higgins, oe Connecticut, and Pay-Roll of 

his Men, 1776. Communicated by Henry II. Hurlbut, Esq. . . . 243 

IV.' History of the U. S. Steamer Merrimack.. By Rear-Admiral Charles II. 

Davis, U. S. N . 245 

V. Voyage of Edward Brawnde in 1616 to Kennebec and Cape Cod ; also 
a Letter op Capt. John Smith about 1606. Communicated by the 

Rev. Edward D. Neill • 248 

VI. Greenland, N. H. Early Ministerial Records. Communicated by the 

Hon. William P. Haines . 251 

VII. Gov. Spotswood's Letters relating to Virginia. (Richmond Enquirer ,Dec. 

9, 1873.; 257 

VIII. Officers of American Troops stationed near Boston, June. 1775. Com- 

municated l>y William John Potts, Esq. 259 

IX. Early History of Hollis, N. II. (Concluded.) By the Hon. Samxiel T. 

Worcester 261 

X. Garrison Houses of York, Me. By Commodore Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N. 268 

XI. Nantucket in the Revolution. By Alexander Slarbuck, Esq. . . . 272 

XII. Early Bells of Massachusetts. (Concluded.) By Elbridge H. Goss, Esq. 279 

XIII. Commission of Jeremiah Halsey, 1775. Communicated bv Chas. J. Hoad- 

ly, A.M. * . . . . 288 

XIV. Prices of Staple Commodities in Massachusetts in 1745. Communicated 

by C. T. Phillips, Esq ?89 

XV. Transfer of Erin. (Continued.) By the Hon. Thomas C. Amory . . . 291 

XVI. Address of tfie Hon. Marshall P. Wilder at the Annual Meeting of the 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, Jan. 7. 1874 .... 306 

XVII. Notes on Early American History. No. I. : Thomas Jones, Captain of the 
"Lion," "Falcon," !' Mayflower," and "Discovery." No. II.: Richard 
Frobisher, Builder of the "Deliverance" at Bermudas, 1610. By the 

Rev. Edward D. Neill 314 

XVIII. Captain Francis Champernowne. (Continued.) By Charles W. Tuttle, A.M. 318 

XIX. Heraldry. (Report of the Committee of the N. E. Historic, Genealogical 

Society.) 323 

XX. Notes and Queries : 

Brucn— Baldwin (244) ; Col. Chester's Annotated Registers of Westminster 
Abbey; English Corporations, Merchants, Tradesmen, &c., 17th Century; 
Goddard Genealogy ; Richardson Family; the Rev. Joseph Emerson, of Con- 
cord, Mass.; Robinson Family of Stratham, N. H. ; John Pratt; Hammond's 
Journal; Stimson— Stimpson — Stevenson; Paddock Elms; Duston Tankard; 
Chromos; Catharine Scarborough; William Paine; Serials wanted by N. E. 
Historic, Genealogical Society; John Alger; Jonathan Butler; Jonathan 
Stokes; Deborah Clark; Ancient Episcopal Parishes in Massachusetts — Per- 
ry's Historical Collections of the Colonial Church — Bartlet's History of the 
Episcopal Church in Massachusetts; John Washburn; Philips — Salter; Mary 
(Speed) Branch ; Sarah (Thresher) Leonard; A Lost Tract by Roger Williams 
brought to Light; Mrs. Lucinda (Eddy) Hale; Hollis, N. H.— Col. John Hale; 
Society of the Cincinnati ; Military Biography — a Contribution to the Cen- 
tennial; Porter Family ; Gov. John Seymour; Fort Strong .... 325 — 333 
XXI. Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 

Bowen Buckman; Henry Harbaugh, D.D.; William Jenks, D.D., LL.D.; 
Charles Greeley Loring ; Eliphalet Jones; Samuel Hazard: Grilfith John 
McRee; Joseph Moulton ; David P. Page ; Horatio Gates Somerby . . . 333 — 342 
XXII. Historical Societies and their Proceedings: 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society; Pocumtuck Valley Memorial 
Association; Connecticut Historical Society; New-Hampshire Historical Soci- 
ety; Maine Historical Society ; Rhode-Island Historical Society; Pennsylva- 
nia Historical Society; New-Jersey Historical Society; Wisconsin Historical 

Society 342—352 

XXIII. Notices of Recent Publications: 

Lite of Timothy Pickering, Vols. 2, 3 and 4. by Upham ; NeilVs English Colo- 
nization during the 17th Century; Trumbull's Edition of Pierson's "Some 
Help for Indians;" Dxirrie's Catalogue of Library of Wisconsin Historical 
Society ; Lap ham's Register of Lapham Family ; Caldwell's Caldwell Records; 
Caverno's Record of the Cavcrno Family; MunseU's Schuyler Family ; Will' 
son's First Centcnnary of the North Church and Society in Salem, Mass.; 
Nason's Life and Times of Charles Sumner ; Dalrymple's Edition of Father 
White's Relatio Itineris in Marylandiam, &c. ; Home's Translation of the Al- 
chemy of Happiness, by Al-Ghazzali ; Semi -Centennial Celebration of the Theo- 
logical School i in Alexandria, Va.], &c. ; Force's Prehistoric-Man, Darwinism 
and Deity, and The Mound-Builders; Edes's Journal and Letters of Col. John 
May ; Burroi < hs's Historical Sketch of Christ Church, Boston; Society of tho 

Ai-mv nf tin. hnmhAv.1n.nr1 Sflvnnth 17n!ininn ■ H/n-ft,>r'e fnnm.r Paiiniw i,f Hu. 







J 



///////// 



■/■■/ / / ■/ / 



I 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1874. 



MEMOIR OF WILLIAM WHITING, LL.D. 

TLLIAM WHITING was born in Concord, March 3, 1813.. 
He was a descendant from the Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D., 
an eminent non-conformist minister in his day, who came to this 
country in lG3f>, from Lincolnshire, England, where he was born, 
and was in early life settled first as rector of Lynn Regis, and after- 
ward as rector of the parish at Skirbeck, near Boston. The old 
church in which he ministered at Skirbeck is said to be still standing, 
surrounded by the graves of his long-departed parishioners. Late 
in the year of his coming to Massachusetts (November, 1636), Mr. 
Whiting became the minister of the first church in Lynn, 1 and re- 
mained in that relation till 1679, when he died, universally lamented 
and honored, at the age of eighty-two years. He was one of the 
great lights of his time, and his descendants for seven generations, 
in many branches of useful and honorable service, have well pre- 
served the traditions of his family. 

Nor should we omit in this connection honorable mention of his 
wife, Elizabeth St. John Whiting, daughter of Sir Oliver St. John, 
Knt., and sister of Oliver, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 
of England. She is described as remarkable for beauty, dignity, a 
commanding presence, and endowed with an education which in those 
days was rare among women. Even in her old age, and under mar- 
vellously changed circumstances, she did not lose her youthful fond- 
ness for the great poets of England, Chaucer, Spencer, Shakspcare, 
and others, with whose works her husband's library at Lynn was 
stored. Though brought up in affluence, and connected by many 

1 "Ye townc was called Lin, in compliment to Mr. "Whiting, who came here from Lin 
(Lynn Regis) in old Norfolkc. Before, wee were called Saugust, well wee did not inch 
like, some nicknamcing vs Sawdust. Most thot yo name a good one, tho some would have 
it yt it was too short. But to such wee said, then spell it Lynne. Y« change was made 
fortie yeare and more agone [1C37] and none now find fault." — Journal of Obadiah Turner , 
pp. 86-38. 

VOL. XXVIII. 21 



234 William Whiting. LL.D. [July, 

tics with the lords of the realm, she early fell into sympathy with 
those who questioned the king's prerogatives, and who were soon to 
become the lords of the Commonwealth. When her husband's 
thoughts were turned toward New-England, she, — not of course 
without deep regrets, but with the pride and zeal of a high-spirited 
woman, — forwarded his plans and cheerfully shared in all his en- 
deavors. During the time of her residence in Lynn, her house be- 
came famous for its hospitality, and she was the friend and companion 
of many of the leading persons in the colony, whom she often en- 
tertained as guests, but without neglecting the daily duties which 
were a part of her life. No lady ever came to these colonies of 
higher lineage, of more elegant culture, or of more lovely and 
christian character. 1 

The subject of this memoir was the son of Colonel "William Whit- 
ing and Hannah Conant Whiting, of Concord. He pursued his pre- 
paratory studies at the Concord Academy, and graduated at Harvard 
College in 1833, in the class with Professors Bowen, Lovering and 
Torrey, the Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D., Doctors Morrill and Jef- 
fries Wyman, and others who have become eminent in science and 
the learned professions. He received the degree of Master of Arts, 
in course, in 183G, and the degree of Bachelor of Laws from the 
Cambridge Law School in 1838 ; and was admitted to the bar of 
Massachusetts to practise in the courts of the United States in 
October of that year. 

He was gifted with a clear and penetrating intellect, which, united 
with great industry, and an uncommon faculty for grasping and 
analyzing details, enabled him to achieve distinction in his profession, 
and made him an authority in the departments to which his attention 
was specially devoted. In the old Court of Common Pleas, — the 
field of his earlier practice, — lie had an amount and variety of busi- 
ness hardly surpassed by any of his competitors, who sometimes gave 
the name of "Whiting's Court" to that respectable tribunal. 

He soon, however, became interested in more important questions, 
which took him into the higher courts of this and other states and of 
the United States. His early successes, grounded upon a thorough 
mastery of his cases, and a complete knowledge of their details, as 
well as of the principles involved in them, had already given him an 
assured position in his profession, and secured to him a lucrative and 

1 Cotton Mather, in his " Mogilalia " (vol. i. p. 503), thus speaks of her father and her- 
self: He (Mr. Whiting) married the daughter of Mr. Oliver St. John, a Bedfordshire 
gentleman, of an honorable family, nearly related unto the Lord St. John of Bletso. This 
Mr. St. John was a person of incomparable breeding, virtue and piety; such that Mr. 
Cotton, who was well acquainted with him, said of him: "He is one of the completest 
gentlemen, without affectation, that he ever knew; and this his daughter was a person of 
singnlar piety and gravity, one who by her discretion freed her husband from all secular 
avocations, one who upheld a daily and constant communion with God in the devotions of 
her closet, one who not only wrote the sermons that she heard on the Lord's days with 
much dexterity, but lived them, and lived on them all the week. The usual phrase among 
the ancient Jews for an excellent woman was, ' one who deserves to marry a priest.' Even 
Btieh an excellent woman was now married unto Mr. "Whiting." She died March 3, 1G77, 
aged 72 years.— Whiting Memoir, 151-2. 



1874.] William Wliiting, LL.D. 235 

varied practice. But his chief eminence as a lawyer was attained 
subsequently from his success in important suits, involving large in- 
terests, arising under the patent laws, to which the later years of his 
active professional life were devoted. In undertaking suits of this 
nature, he studied not only the legal questions on which it was sup- 
posed they would turn, but he explored to their most minute me- 
chanical details the application and operation of the patents he was 
defending or contesting, until he was able to instruct his clients upon 
practical defects in their inventions as well as upon the law. He 
acquired in this way the absolute confidence of clients, and established 
a reputation as a patent lawyer, surpassed by very few, if by any, 
who are now living. 

Mr. Whiting was never so absorbed in his profession as to lose his 
inherited interest in public questions. His father was one of the 
early and uncompromising abolitionists of New-England. When the 
great crisis of the nation was approaching, Mr. Whiting was espe- 
cially interested in the legal and constitutional questions which the 
monstrous pretensions of that system forced into prominence. In 
private communications and public addresses, just before and after 
the beginning of the war, he showed how earnestly he had grappled 
with, and how thoroughly he had explored the great crucial questions 
of the hour. He was among the first, almost the first among lawyers, 
to claim that the United States had, under the constitution, full bel- 
ligerent rights against those who inhabited the states in rebellion, — 
among which were the rights to emancipate their slaves, to capture 
and sequestrate their property, and to exercise all the powers of war 
against a public enemy. 

These views first set forth in conversations with responsible officers 
of the government, were subsequently incorporated in his work on 
War Powers under the Constitution of the United States, — a work 
which contributed more than any other single agency to the solution 
of many of the difficult questions arising in the course of the war. 
It was written at a time when the strain and pressure upon every 
point of our constitutional fabric was intense, and when all existing 
and long-accepted rules of construction were found to be lamentably 
unequal to the exigency. The task which he assumed required 
peculiar and accurate knowledge, — knowledge of legal principles as 
well as of the history of the country, — and courage of no common 
order. But he entered upon it without flinching, and pursued it with 
characteristic vigilance and fidelity to the end. 

The early editions of the work on the war powers of the govern- 
ment were adopted by the president and the departments as an au- 
thority on the questions treated in it ; and new editions followed as 
rapidly as new questions called for examination and decision. The 
value placed upon it is best attested by the remarkable fact that 
within a period of about eight years forty-three editions were printed, 
— ten in Boston, thirty-three in New-York ; and that in the mean- 



236 William Whiting, LL.D. [July, 

time it had been made the basis of volumes of legislation, and its 
leading doctrines had received the sanction of the highest courts in 
the land. 

In November, 1862, Mr. Whiting was requested by the president 
to act as solicitor and special counsellor of the war department. Civil 
suits and criminal prosecutions were pending, in many parts of the 
country, against military officers and other persons for arrests made 
under orders from Washington. It was a part of the duty assigned 
to him to instruct counsel employed in such suits, in order that some 
uniformity of practice might be secured, and the rights and dignity of 
the government preserved. As time went on, suits multiplied, in- 
volving men in high position. Treason reared its head in many 
shapes and in many places in the northern or border states. At- 
tempts were made by adroit and reckless men to bring the judicial 
power of the states into collision with the military forces of the union. 
Mr. Whiting's Essay on Military Arrests in Time of War was pre- 
pared for this emergency, and became the guide of the law officers 
employed by the government in prosecutions of this kind till the close 
of the war. 

The office of solicitor of the war department was created by statute 
in February, 1863, and Mr. Whiting was formally appointed at that 
time, though, there was no change in the relations he already held to 
the department. This office he filled till the war was over (April, 
1865), when he resigned. No successor was appointed; and the 
law was repealed the following year. 

Although Mr. Whiting believed and acted upon the belief that 
every man should receive full compensation for his work, he never- 
theless declined all payment for services rendered to the government 
during the war. He looked upon this in his case as a patriotic duty ; 
and without setting up his own action as an example to others, or 
making any pretensions on account of it, he was content that, if his 
counsel at such a time was of any value, the country should remain 
his debtor. 

Besides the great questions already mentioned, it became necessary 
during this period (1862-5) to settle many new principles bearing 
upon the return of the rebellious states to the union, their provisional 
government by military power, the claims of the freedmen upon the 
general government, and the claims of citizens against the United 
States growing out of the war. On all these questions Mr. Whiting 
was not only the confidential counsellor of the president, and secretary 
of war, but he was in almost constant communication with the heads 
of committees and the leading members of congress in relation to the 
constitutional and practical questions affecting the great body of 
wholly unprecedented legislation required by the new order of things. 
That so great a revolution, reversing the traditions and the social 
order of more than two hundred years, could be practically accom- 
plished in so short a time, and with so little disturbance to the peace 



1874.] William Whiting, LL.JD. 237 

and prosperity of the country since the war was closed, is owing in 
no small degree to the counsel which Mr. Whiting, as one of the 
chief law-officers of the government, gave at the threshold of legisla- 
tion in regard to it. As our armies vindicated the unity of the 
country against its foes in the field, Mr. Whiting vindicated the suf- 
ficiency of the constitution as a legal bulwark against the narrow and 
false constructionists who would have left it powerless under the feet 
of armed rebellion. In all his work at this time the distinction be- 
tween legal rights in time of peace and legal rights in time of war is 
very clearly made, and the discussion of principles applicable to each 
period is elaborate, accurate, and convincing. It covers ground 
equally important and unexplored, and is an achievement which the 
nation can hardly value too highly. 

Since Mr. Whiting's resignation as solicitor of the war depart- 
ment, the government has had frequent occasion to avail itself of his 
services in important suits pending against it. 

Though deeply interested in politics and public affairs, as we have 
seen, and not unfamiliar with the ways by which in our times offices 
are won and lost, Mr. Whiting was very rarely a candidate for poli- 
tical office. His professional engagements, and we may say also, 
his professional ambition, kept him long from entering that stormy 
arena, where success is so often attended with very doubtful honor. 
His first public service of a purely political character was rendered in 
1868, when, as a presidential elector for the district in which he re- 
sided, he gave its vote for President Grant. In 1872 he was 
nominated by the republicans of the same district, and was elected as 
its representative in the Forty-third Congress, succeeding the Hon. 
Ginery Twichell. To the responsibilities and duties of this position 
he had looked forward with confidence, and with well-grounded hopes 
of still greater usefulness and distinction. His ambition in his chosen 
profession had been abundantly gratified, and it was an agreeable 
change which opened to him a more conspicuous, if not a more honora- 
ble career. His quality of mind and his severe and life-long training 
would have enabled him to take no common rank in the new tribunal 
to which he had been chosen. His neighbors and constituents, with 
many of whom he held relations of closer personal intimacy than are 
usual between people and their representatives, also felt that they had 
every reason to look forward to his service in the councils of the 
nation as one that would not only bring increase of fame to him but 
would reflect honor upon themselves ; and they lamented his loss as 
that of a statesman who had just failed to enjoy the public recogni- 
tion he had fairly earned ; of a patriot sincerely and honestly devoted 
to the country's interests ; of a legislator of ripe talents and rare 
capacity for public work ; and a citizen pure, upright, and incor- 
ruptible in all the relations of life. 

In the intervals of his professional and public labor, Mr. Whiting 
took an active interest in historical and antiquarian studies, and was 

VOL. xxviii. 21* 



238 William Whiting, LL.D. [July, 

a generous contributor to societies devoted to these objects. He was 
president of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society from 
1853 to 1858 ; corresponding member of the New-York Historical 
Society ; honorary member of the historical societies of Pennsylvania, 
Wisconsin, and Florida ; and corresponding member of the Phila- 
delphia Numismatic and Antiquarian Society. To all these societies 
he contributed liberally the results of his investigations, and their 
annals bear abundant witness otherwise to his active and intelligent 
interest in their work. His address before the Historic, Genealogical 
Society in January, 1853, upon entering on the duties of the presi- 
dency, was in the true spirit of the genealogist and antiquary, and 
marked out an heroic outline of work which the society has since, ac- 
cording to its means, endeavored to execute. 

Among his own books, which cannot be overlooked in a notice of 
this kind, is his "Memoir of the Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D., and 
of his wife Elizabeth St. John ; with references to some of their Eng- 
lish ancestors and American descendants," — a beautiful volume, 
printed but not published, which merits a very high place in the roll 
of New-England biographies. The same persistent and unsparing 
labor which he gave to his profession, he also gave to the literary 
work to which he was fond of resorting by way of diversion. His 
occasional addresses always bore the results of original thought and 
of careful and patient execution. A striking example of this is his 
last literary address before the combined societies of Colby Univer- 
sity, in July, 1872, on the Laws and Conditions of Intellectual 
Power. lie received at that time the honorary degree of doctor of 
laws from the government of that university. 

This brief sketch would be incomplete if it omitted reference to 
the felicities of Mr. Whiting's home. It was there he found the 
quiet and solace without which his delicate physical organization 
could never have borne the exacting strain of his long and unremit- 
ting labors. There also was his study, where his successive cases re- 
ceived that thorough consideration and preparation which established 
his fame as a lawyer, and where the written or printed arguments 
in each case are now preserved. There, too, may be seen, within 
and without, abounding evidence of his remarkable industry and 
pure taste, which made every inch of his grounds contribute to the 
general effect he sought, and filled every niche in his house with 
objects of interest and beauty. 

His public spirit prompted his support of all deserving objects in 
the community of which he was for so many years a member. 
He was among the earliest advocates of the union of the muni- 
cipalities of lvoxbury and Boston. He showed by his acts in many 
striking instances the deep interest he always felt in young men. 
The extent of his private giving will never be known, if it were de- 
sirable. It is enough that few worthy objects ever called in vain upon 
him. By his will lie left five thousand dollars, to Harvard College 



1874.] William Writing] LL.B. 239 

for a scholarship, and to the free public library in his native town 
one thousand dollars. 

In a profession so absorbing as the law to those who fill its high 
places, little leisure is usually found for wide general studies, outside 
of its absolute requirements ; but to meet these in accordance with 
Mr. Whiting's standard, and as he met them, there was necessary a 
good acquaintance with many departments of science. It may be 
truly said that he was rarely wanting in precise information on all 
the points of his large practice. When the great struggle of his 
time came, his sympathies and studies had fully prepared him for it, 
and he gave to the national cause a support as efficient and unselfish 
as that of the best and bravest. He had the full confidence of Mr. 
Lincoln, and few men held that providential leader in profounder 
veneration. In his religious belief Mr. Whiting was a Unitarian. 

Mr. Whiting died at his house on Montrose Avenue, Roxbury, 
on the 29th of June, 1873, aged sixty years. He had been confined 
within doors but a few days, and his illness had excited no appre- 
hensions. Late in the afternoon of that day, while resting quietly on 
his pillow, he was seized with sharp pains about the heart, and expired 
in a few moments. 

He was married in October, 1840, to Lydia dishing Russell, 
daughter of the Hon. Thomas Russell, of Plymouth, who with three 
children survives him. 



WORKS OP MR. WniTING. 

1. Argument. Boston Gas Light Company vs. William Gault. Bos- 
ton, 1818. Svo. pp. 55. 

2. Argument in the case of Elias Johnson et al. vs. Peter Low et al. 
Boston, 1848. Svo. 

3. Report of the Committee in Favor of the Union of Boston and Rox- 
bury. Boston, 1851. 8vo. pp. 35. 

4. Speech before a Committee of the Legislature of Massachusetts on 
the Destruction of Boston Harbor. Boston, 1851. 8vo. pp. 80. 

5. Argument in the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of 
Brooks vs. Fiske et al. (case of Wood worth Planing Machine Patent). 
1852. 8vo. pp. 87. 

G. Argument in the case of Ross Winans vs. Orasmus Eaton et al. be- 
fore the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of 
New- York (on the patent for the eight-wheeled car). 1853. pp. 1G5. 

7. Address delivered to the members of the New-England Historic, 
Genealogical Society, on assuming the oilice of President. Boston, 1853. 
8vo. pp. 1G. 

8. Memoir of the Rev. Joseph Harrington. Boston, 1851. 12mo. pp. 64. 

9. Argument before a Committee of the Legislature of Massachusetts 
in behalf of the Remonstrants against the erection of a Bridge across Chelsea 
Creek. 1854. Svo. pp. 29. 

10. Argument in the case of interference between Farley and Allen 
(the Volute Spring Steam Guage). 1858. Svo. pp. 102. 

11. Twenty Years' War against the Railroads: a Letter to the Hon. 
Erastus Corning. 18G0. 8vo. pp. 29. 



240 William Whiting, LL.D* [July, 

12. Closing Argument in the Supreme Court of the United States in 
the case of Ross Winans vs. New-York and Erie Railroad. 18G0. pp. 116. 

13. The War Powers of the President and the Legislative Powers of 
Congress in Relation to Rebellion, Treason and Slavery. Boston, 18G2. 
8vo. pp. 143. 1 

14. The Return of the Rebellious States to the Union ; a Letter to the 
Union League of Philadelphia, 1863. 8vo. pp. 15. 

15. Military Arrests in Time of War. Washington, 1863. 8vo. pp. 59. 

16. Opinions on "Slavery," and "Reconstruction of the Union" as 
expressed by President Lincoln. With brief Notes. 1864. 8vo. pp. 16. 

17. Military Government of Hostile Territory in Time of War. Bos- 
ton, 1864. 8vo. pp. 92. 

18. Argument in the Circuit Court of the United States in the case of 
Union Sugar Refinery vs. the Continental Sugar Refinery. Boston, 1867. 
8vo. pp. 190. 

19. Address before the Boston Highlands Grant Club, August 5, 1868. 
Boston, 1868. 8vo. pp. 44. 

20. Address on the Constitutionality of the Reconstruction Laws. 
Oct. 13, 1868. [Boston Daily Advertiser, Oct. 14, 1868.] 

21. Argument in the case of Crowell vs. Sim et ah 1869. pp. 34. 

22. Argument in case before the Circuit Court of the United States for 
New-York, in the case of Rumford Chemical Works vs. John E. Lauer. 
1869. pp. 78. 

23. Argument in case of The City of Chicago vs. George T. Bigelow, 
administrator, &c, appellee. Boston, 1869. 8vo. pp. 57. (Not delivered.) 

24. Argument before Hon. George S. Hillard, Master in Chancery. 
Union Sugar Refinery vs. Francis 0. Matthiessen (rule in equity as to 
costs). Boston, 1869. 8vo. pp. 120. 

25. Argument before the Commissioner of Patents in behalf of Capt. 
Prince S. Crowell. Boston, 1870. 8vo. pp. 114. 

26. Letter to the Hon. Henry Wilson on the Pacific Railroad. 1870. 
8vo. pp. 7. 

27. Argument in the Circuit Court in the case of James S. Carew et ah 
vs. Boston Elastic Fabric Company. Boston, 1871. 8vo. pp. 107. 

28. Memoir of Rev. Samuel Whiting, D.D., and of his wife Elizabeth 
St. John. Boston, 1872. 8vo. pp. 334. [Fifty copies. Second edition 
1873, pp. 334, two hundred copies. Neither edition was published, both 
being printed for private distribution.] 

1 A friend has furnished the following memoranda relative to the several editions of Mr. 
Whiting's " War Powers." 

First edition, published by John L. Shorey, Boston. 1862. 

Second edition, by same, with preface by author. 1862. 

Third edition, not found. 

Fourth edition, published by Shorey, for the Emancipation League. 1863. 

Fifth edition, not found. 

Sixth edition, by Shorey, for the Emancipation League. 1863. 

Seventh edition, with Appendix. Shorey, 1863. 8vo. pp. 151. 

Eighth edition, with essay on " Military Arrests in time of War," and Letter to the Union 
League of Philadelphia on the Return of the Rebellious States to the Union. Shorey, 
1861. 8vo. pp. 263. 

Tenth edition, with " Military Arrests," Return of the Rebellious States, or, as it was 
then called, Reconstruction of the Union, and " Military Government in Timo of War." 
Little & Brown. 1864. 8vo. pp. 342. 

Forty-third edition, Lee & Shepard, with addition of " War Claims of Aliens," «' Opin- 
ions of the Supreme Court," and " Notes " and Appendix. 1871. 8vo. pp. 695. 

Editions of this work were issued also in Washington, Philadelphia, anil New- York, and 
one at least was printed for foreign distribution. 



1874.] Gleaning. 241 

29. Argument in the Circuit Court of the United States for New- York 
the Union Paper Collar Company vs. Ward. 1872. pp. 850. 

30. Argument in the Circuit Court of the United States for New-York : 
the Rumford Chemical Works vs. Hecker et al. 1872. 

31. Address before the Boston Highlands Grant and Wilson Club, 
September 16, 1872. 8vo. pp. 45. 

32. Address before the Combined Literary Societies of Colby Univer- 
sity, July 22, 1872. Boston, 1872. 8vo. pp. 24. 



GLEANINGS. 

(Continued from vol. xxvii. p. 146.) 

THE Rev. James Wetmoke or Whitmore. In the large Wetmore 
genealogy, p. 145 , the author states that this James was graduated 
at Yale in 1714, and in 1718 was called to North Haven, Conn., but 
it is not known where he studied for the ministry. The Rev. J. H. 
Temple, in preparing a history of Northfield, finds that Oct. 3, 
171 G, "Mr. James Whitmore is desired to carry on the work of the 
ministry for half a year," and may have continued for a year, as his 
successor was not named till November, 1717. There can be no 
question as to the identity of the person. 

G7. 

Kimball Family. In No. 33 of these Gleanings (xv. 332) I 
mentioned that Jabez Ayres, of Newbury and Brookfield, had a wife 
Rebecca, and a son Oncsephorus. He married Rebecca Kimball 
Dec. 7, 1718. By Essex Deeds, xl. 212, it seems that Jabez Ayres, 
of Rowley, and wife Rebecca, daughter of said Henry Kimball, sold 
land bought by " our honoured father, Henry Kimball, late of Haver- 
hill, deceased." Her father, Llenry, married Hannah Marsh, Dec. 
14, 1677. This was clearly the daughter of Onesephorus Marsh, of 
Haverhill, who in his will, proved Oct. 29, 1713, mentions his grand- 
daughter Rebecca Kimball. She named a child Onesephorus Ayres. 
As to the Kimballs, Mr. M. A. Stickney, of Salem, has kindly given 
me the following particulars : Richard 1 Kimball and Ursula, his wife, 
came in the Elizabeth of Ipswich, in 1634, with Henry K., probably 
his brother, and also probably the man who settled at AVatertown. 
With them came Martha Scott, aged 60, and Thomas Scott, aged 
40, who were probably the mother and brother of Richard's wife, as 
he calls Martha Scott his mother in records. 

Richard 1 Kimball brought children : Henry, aged 15 ; Richard, 11 ; 
Mary, 9 ; Martha, 5 ; John, 3 ; and Thomas, 1, all duly recorded in 
Drake's "Founders of New-England," p. 51-2. Savage adds Ben- 
jamin, Elizabeth, Caleb, Sarah, and a daughter who married John 
S caverns. 



242 Gleanings. [July, 

Henry 2 Kimball, eon of Richard, married Mary, dau. of John and 
Mary Wyatt, of Ipswich, for his son John K., of Amcsbury, sells 
land left him by his grandfather, John Wyatt, in I. Henry's wife 
died Aug. 12, 1672, and he m. Elizabeth, widow of William Reyner. 
Henry died at Wenham, about 1676, when the inventory of his estate 
was made. He is believed to have had thirteen children, from the 
following reasons : The inventory of Henry K.'s estate (Essex Wills, 
i. 45) mentions a debt due from his son Caleb, late deceased. The 
inventory of Caleb's estate (i. 36, 45) mentions that administration 
was granted 30th 9th mo., 1675, to Henry and Richard K. ; but on 
30th 4th mo., 1676, it is noted, "The said Henry being deceased, 
sole administration is granted to said Richard, who is to pay out of 
the estate to the 12 children of the dec d Henry Kimball, to say 18 s . 
to each of them when they come of age." There was also something 
due by Caleb "to his uncle Richard's estate." 

Again, there is in the files of the Probate Office an order of the 
Court, endorsed on the original inventory of the estate of Henry 
Kimball, dated Sept. 26 , 1676, referring to an agreement between 
Richard and John K. and their stepmother ; adding : " They also are 
to pay to there mother-in-law Elizabeth Kimball 15 la . for the bring- 
ing up of there younger sister Deborah out of which the said mother 
is to pay the s d . Deborah 5 l8 . when she come to age. And also the 
said Richard and John are to pay to there ten brothers and sisters 
fifty shillings apeece when they come to age, and the rest of the estate 
to be theres. Richard the eldest son to have a duble portion." 

From this we learn that Henry had thirteen children, and of them 
were Richard, Caleb, John and Deborah. Mr. Stickney adds, from 
the Wenham records, Benjamin, Joseph and Martha ; and from other 
sources he has been able to trace all but one of the others, as follows, 
those in italics being the ones already proved : 

1. Richard, b. about 1642. 
1644. 

1646; d. unm. Sept. 18, 1675. 
1648 ; m. Thomas Dow, Dec. 17, 166 [8 ?] 
1652; m. John Wycome, May 14, 1673. 
1654; m. Daniel Gage, May 3, 167 [4?] 
1656; rn. Hannah Marsh, Dec. 14, 1677. 
, 1657; m. Thomas Stickney. 
13, 1659, in Wenham. 
20, 1G62, " " 
Aug. 18, 1664; m. Daniel Chase, Aug. 25, 1683. 
1666. 
16G8. 

The chief reason for thus identifying these children is the fact that 
the records show that Henry, Sr., had thirteen children, that there 
was no other known head of a family bearing the name in that 
vicinity, and it is therefore reasonable to assign all these Kiniballs to 
Henry's line. In Henry, Jr.'s case, the evidence is strengthened by 



2. John, " 


a 


3. Caleb, " 


u 


4. Dorcas, " 


a 


5. Abigail, " 


a 


6. Sarah, " 


a 


7. Henry, " 


a 


8. Mehitable," 


Aug. 


9. Benjamin, " 


Dec. 


10. Joseph, " 


Jan. 


11. Martha, " 


Aug. 


12. " 




13. Deborah, " 





1874.] Letters of CapU Biggins, and Pay-Poll, 1776. 243 

the christian name, and by the fact that he served in King Philip's 
War with Caleb, the known son of Henry, Sr., for which service his 
daughter Hannah, wife of James Godfrey, drew a grant of lands in 
Narragansett No. 4. 

GS. 
The following extracts from Mass. Archives, Inter Charter, xxxv. 
295, may interest bearers of the names : 

" At the General Court sitting in Charlestown upon adjournment 12 th 
Mchl689-[90.] 

" Nathanael Wade, Stephen Francis, Ebenezer Proutt, Jonathan Tuffts, 
John Tuffts and John Whittimore, all of the town of Meadford were pre- 
sented and approved to be freemen." 

Do. p. 255. 

"Meadford Mch 12 1689-90. Pursuant to an order of the General 
Court sitting in Charlestowne by adjournment Feb 1G89-90, — referring to 
freemen, — that Mr. Ebenezer Prout, Stephen Francis, Jonathan Tufts, John 
Tufts and Nathaniel Wade are persons sufficient to answer the law both in 
respect of lives and estate, also Jno. Wittmore who is a member of church 
in Watertown, and not vitious in life, by order of the selectmen, John Hall 
sen r . Thomas Willis Selectmen." 

" 22 Mch 1G89. Voted by the Court to be freemen. Ebenezer Prout, 
Clerk. Consented to by y e magistrates Js a Addington, Sec'y." 

W. H. W. 



LETTERS OF CAPT. CORNELIUS HIGGINS, OF CONNECTI- 
CUT, AND PAY-ROLL OF HIS MEN, 177G. 

Communicated by Henry H. Hurlbut, Esq., of Chicago. 

Hulks of Harlem, October 15 th , 177G. 
Kind and loving "Wife : 

My Dear after my Love to you these may Enform you I am in mov- 
ing health though Troubled with a hard cold. I wrote to you yesterday so 
shall write short as It is unsertain Whether I shall Live to come home so I 
shall Let you know sum of proseeding with my Company. I have in Liut. 
fullers hands 2G£ or there abouts of money. Lt. Arnold and En Scovils 
Recipts are with you. I Enclose herewith a List of my mens names and 
sums of money I have paid them out of their Wages as it may no be Lost 
if I should Loose my papers. I am Daily paying out money to my to keep them 
from suffering and I have Considerable of the goverments money now by 
me which I may Loose this accompt keep By you for our safty But I hope 
to Live to settel all these accompts myself But if not they will Do you no 
Damage as all my Book and accompts with all my Company are with me 
which if I should Loose I shall Lose 50£ if not more Besides the money now 
by me which is at Lest 40 or 50 Dollers which I am distributing to my 
Company as they need we have nothing New here I write in hast from your 

Cornelius Higgins. 



244 Letters of Ccqyt. Rigging and Pay-Roll, 1776. [July, 



Company towards their Wagers 

£ s 

Amos Tuttel 12 

Roswel Lucen 12 

Samuel Hulbert 12 

William Mitchel 12 

John Huffords 12 

Higerson Hill 3 

Nathaniel Warner 3 

Aaron Clark 12 

Felix Auger 12 

Isaac Byington 1 4 

Jesse Hulbert 12 

Solomon Tuttel 12 

Amos Tuttel 12 

Elisha Cone G 

Sam el Smith 12 

William Clark 12 



Loving Wife : Philips Manor, November 13 th , 177G. 

My dear my love to you and all our children Am glad to see Eben- 
ezer and David so thoughtful as to write to me as they have done and 
Rejoyce to hear our work so well done as it is I hope they will be well 
Rewarded for it, hope they will Continue faithful and diligent for the future 
and keep up their Carrecter and have a time of Rest when winter and 
peace Come. I understand the prisoners in New- York walk the streets in 
the day and are well Treated, if you could send direct to me by some good 
faithful hand fore or live dollars in hard money I would try to send them to 
Cornelius for I cant get any here and know not where 1 shall be for we 
move daily from place to place. Felix Auger and Elisha Cone are over 
the river with more of my men who I hear are most well they are under 
the care of Capt. Churchil of Chatham. I write in haste from your kind 
Husband Cornelius Higgins. 

[Haddam, Conn.'] 
To Sarah lli^n-ms. 

On 

P. S. Mind all your fences from home in special as well as others be 
done up before winture. 



money paid o 


ut 


to 


nay Compan 




£ 


s 




Elihu Smith 


1 


11 





Elisha Cone 




6 





Elias Smith 


2 


2 





Frederick Smith 


1 


8 





Aaron Brainard 




12 





George Spencer 




G 





Epheraim Sawyer 




9 





Charles Betholomew 




14 


6 


Aaron Lyndly 




4 


6 


Joseph Dickenson 


2 


2 





Hubbard Matthews 




12 





David Leach 




12 





James Tredwell, Jun 




12 





Oliver Bailey 




12 





Obediah Dickenson 




12 





Thomas Bailey 




12 





from me 


Cornelius Hi^ins 



Bruen— Baldwin. — [Register, xxv. 153 ; xxvi. 295-303 : xxvii. 151-152. J— 
Mary Bruen, the second wife of John Baldwin, Sen., was a half-sister of Obadiah 
Bruen (born 1606), who was a son of John Bruen, of Bruen Staploford, Eng., and 
his second wife Ann Fox. Mary, born June 11, 1022, was an only child of John 

Bruen of B. S., and his third wife Margaret . John, the lather of Obadiah and 

Mary, died 1625, aged 65, and was buried atTarvin. Obadiah, his wife Sarah, and 
hall-sister Mary, came to this country in 1639. 

The Bruen pedigree from " Ormerod's Cheshire " and records in this country; 
also the " Life of John Bruen of B. S., Eng., containing his portrait (the life ori- 
ginally published in England, 1011, republished 1799), have been republished in 
this country by his descendant, Alexander McYvliorter Bruen, M.D., of New-York. 
The pedigree in ' l Ormerod's Cheshire" reaches back in an unbroken line to Ro- 
bert le Bran, of Stapleford, 1230. From Robert le Brun to A.M. Bruen, M.D., 
are twenty generations, averaging about thirty-two years each. 

51 W. 2Qth St., N. York. .' Geo. F. Tuttle. 



1874.] History of the U. 8. Steamer Merrimack. 245 



HISTORY OF THE U. S. STEAMER MERRIMACK. 

By Rear- Admiral Chaiiles H. Davis, U.S.N. 

THE Merrimack was built at the Boston, Mass., navy-yard, and 
launched in 1855. She was originally of the same model and 
class of ships as the Colorado and Minnesota, was 3,032 tons, and 
carried 40 guns, and was worth about one million dollars. She was 
burnt and sunk by officers of the navy just before they abandoned 
the navy-yard in Norfolk, Va., in April, 1861. The confederate 
authorities caused the wreck to be raised soon after they obtained pos- 
session of the yard, and converted it into an iron-clad, bomb-proof 
vessel, the plan of which was presented to S. R. Mallory, secretary 
of the C. S. navy, by John L. Porter, formerly constructor in the 
United States navy. A commission consisting of Chief-Engineer 
W. P. Williamson, C. S. navy, Lieut. Brooks and John L. Porter 
was appointed, who approved the plan, and the work was com- 
menced July 11, 18 Gl ; Chief-Engineer Williamson attending to the 
machinery, and Lieut. Brooks to the ordnance and armor. The 
wreck was placed in the dry dock and cut down to the 19 foot water- 
line on the stem, and to the 20 foot water-line on the stern-post. 
It was intended to cut her down to the 19 foot mark on the stern- 
post, but as they came in contact with the propeller, the idea was 
abandoned. There was a shield on the deck of the ship 150 feet long, 
the sides and ends of which formed an angle of 35 degrees. It was 
24 feet from the knuckle to the shield-deck, and it looked very much 
like the roof of a house, the knuckle answering to the eaves of the 
same. This shield was joined to the sides of the ship by means of 
white oak knees fayed between the old frames and bolted to them. 
The rafters, which were of yellow pine, were bolted to these knees, 
and to each other, making the roof and sides perfectly solid. The 
rafters were 16 inches in depth, and across them there was placed a 
course of yellow pine plank 5 inches thick, and bolted to the rafters 
with J inch bolts ; this having been caulked and pitched, another 
course of white oak plank was placed vertically, bolted and caulked, 
&c. The shield-deck was covered with iron gratings 2 inches in 
thickness. A large pilot-house of cast iron was placed on the for- 
ward end of the shield-deck, but it was never used. The captain and 
pilot stood on a small platform in a hatchway, over the steering-wheel, 
during the engagement. 

The interior arrangements of the ship were not unlike other vessels of 
war. The orlop-deck was used as a berth-deck. Forward and aft the 
shield, the deck-beams were fayed to each other, and the deck-planks 
sheathed with iron 1 inch thick, then covered with pig iron 5 inches 
thick for ballast, in order to submerge the deck 2 feet below water. 

vol. xxviii. 22 



246 History of the TJ, S) Steamer Merrimack. [July, 

The armor on the shield was 4 inches thick, laid in courses of 2 
inches in thickness, and fastened with 1J inch bolts, setting up with 
nuts on the inside of the shield. The sides of the shield were slushed 
to guard against boarding, &c. The whole weight of the armor 
amounted to 800 tons, and it took 300 tons of ballast to submerge 
her deck 2 feet below water. 

The ship mounted 8 nine inch shell-guns in broadside, and 2 seven 
inch rifled pivot-guns, on the bow and stern ; making a battery of 
10 guns. 

Everything being in readiness, on Saturday, the 8th day of March, 
1862, Captain Franklin Buchanan, 1 in command, cast off from the 
Norfolk navy-yard and steamed for Hampton Roads. The steam 
frigates Cumberland and Congress were at anchor off Newport News. 
Captain Buchanan steamed up between them, and received their 
broadsides, which made no impression on the Merrimack, the balls 
glancing off as soon as they hit her ; Captain B. then turned Ins ship 
around and came down on the Cumberland, striking her on the bow, 
knocking her bow in. She sank with her colors flying. The Con- 
gress surrendered and was burnt. The next day the Merrimack and 
Monitor were engaged a long time, and many shots were exchanged. 
The effect of the shots from the Monitor was more severe than those 
from the other ships, on account of the guns being of larger calibre 
and fired at closer range. The Monitors shots broke several of the 
plates on the Merrimack's shield and started the wood work in several 
places. One of the Merrimack's guns was also disabled by a shot 
from the Monitor. 

Lieut. Jones commanded in the fight with the Monitor, Captain 
Buchanan having been wounded by a minnie ball fired from the 
shore the day before. A small leak was caused in the stem of the 
ship at the time of her running into the Cumberland, in consequence 
of the ram (which was of cast iron) breaking off. When she re- 
turned to the yard she was put in the dry dock, and a wrought iron 
ram, steel pointed, was put on. 

Upon examination after the engagement, it was found that one 
hundred shots had struck the ship, not one of which penetrated ; those 
from the Congress and Cumberland only making a dent ; but those 
from the Monitor breaking in the plates in several places. The Mer- 
rimack used cast shot and shell, but when she moved down the second 
time she had wrought iron slugs, steel pointed, and was in every re- 
spect greatly improved. She, however, never got into another en- 
gagement. 

After the confederate forces evacuated Norfolk and Portsmouth, 
Com. Tatnall blew her up, and she sunk off Craney Island about 
5 miles from the navy-yard, where a portion of the monster still re- 
mains imbedded in the mud. 

1 Since this paper was put. in type, the death of Franklin Buchanan has taken place. 
An obituary no, ice will be found iii this number of the Register.— [Editok.] 



1874.] History of the U. S. Steamer Merrimack. 247 

When the Merrimack was set on fire and blown up by her com- 
mander, portions of her armored casemate, weighing about 30 tons, 
were blown about 200 yards distant from the wreck. Other portions 
of the armored casemate, weighing about 70 tons, were blown about 
50 yards. Some large pieces of casemate were blown nearly into the 
middle of the channel, and other portions in toward the shore ; the 
whole causing a very dangerous obstruction to navigation. 

In 1866, a wrecker, by the name of Underdown, contracted with the 
commandant of the Norfolk navy-yard to raise the wreck and remove 
all obstruction to navigation arising therefrom. The contractor failed 
to perform the work ; only removing a part of the vessel's hull, her 
boilers, and portions of her machinery. Nothing more was done to 
remove the wreck, or obstructions in the channel, until Nov. 4, 1870, 
when the writer, then commandant at the Norfolk navy-yard, con- 
tracted with Hebrew and Asserson of Norfolk to remove the wreck so 
as not to cause any obstruction to navigation ; binding the contractors 
in a penal sum to perform the work within one year from that date. 
The contractors removed the armor and such portions of the wreck 
as could be found above the surface of the bottom ; and all obstruc- 
tion to navigation arising therefrom. A portion of the vessel's hull 
still remains imbedded in the channel-bank, and is completely covered 
up with mud, and does not interfere with navigation. A board of 
survey was also ordered by the same commandant to ascertain if 
the contract had been complied with. The board reported in the 
affirmative, and the contractors were discharged from further re- 
sponsibility. 

The following is the record of the building of the Merrimack and 
of the prominent events in her history, taken from the archives of the 
Bureau of Construction, Navy Department, Washington : 

33d Congress, First Session. 

April 6, 1854. — Appropriated $3,000,000 to build six (6) first class steam 
frigates, of which the Merrimack was one. 

May 6, 1854. — Orders were sent to Commodore Gregory at navy-yard, 
Boston, to make preparation to build. 

June 27, 1854. — The dimensions of the ship were sent to Boston. 

Sept. 23, 1854. — Orders sent to call her the " Merrimack." 

May 12, 1855. — Dept. was notiiied that she would be ready to launch 
June 1st. 

June 14, 1855.— Launched. Draft of water (forward) 11.11 ; (aft) 17.3 ; 
(mean) 14.7. 

Feb. 25, 1856.— Sailed from Boston. Draft of water (forward) 23.3; 
(aft) 23.10. 

May 6, 1856.— Sailed to Havana. 

July 7, 185G. — Arrived at Boston. 

July 16, 185G. — Docked at Boston. 

Sept. 9, 1856.— Sailed to England. 

March 16, 1857.— Arrived at Hampton Roads. 

March 27, 1857.— Sailed from Gosport. 

April 19, 1857. — Was at Annapolis. 



248 Brawnde' s Voyage, 1616. [July, 

April 29, 1857.— Arrived at Boston. 

July 3, 1857. — Orders to prepare her as flag-ship of the Pacific squadron. 

Oct. 17, 1857. — Sailed from Boston to the Pacific. 

Feb. G, 18G0. — Arrived at Gosport from the Pacific. 

July 1G, 18G0. — Ordered to be placed in ordinary. 

April 10, 1861. — Orders to fit her for temporary duty under steam alone. 

April 20, 18G1. — Commodore McCauly scuttled the vessel, and Com- 
modore Paulding set fire to her while sinking. (See Secretary's Report for 
July 4, 18G1, page 3.) 

March 8, 1862. — Merrimack attacked the Congress and Cumberland at 
Hampton Roads. (See Capt. John Marston's Report to Secretary, of March 
9, 18G2, in Secretary's Report for 1862, page 91.) 

March 8 and 9, 1862. — Engagement with the steamer Minnesota and the 
Monitor. (See Report of Capt. Van Brunt, of March 10, in Secretary's 
Report of 18G2, page 93.) 

May 11, 18G2. — Was blown up by Com. Tatnall, of confederate navy, 
near Norfolk, Va. 



VOYAGE OF EDWARD BRAWNDE IN 1 GIG TO KENNEBEC 

AND CAPE COD; 

ALSO, LETTER OF CAPT. JOHN SMITH, ABOUT 1G0G. 

Communicated by the Rev. Edward D. Neill, of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

TnE original of the following letter of Brawnde "to his worthye good frend 
Captayne John Smith, Admerallof New-England," is one of the Cottonian Manu- 
scripts in the British Museum, and was much injured by the fire of 1731, which 
destroyed or defaced many of the papers of Sir Robert Cotton, who was a cotempo- 
rary of Sir Perdinando Gorges. 

It is easy to ascertain the time when Brawnde was at Manhegin, from the remark 
in the letter, that some of his boats were seized there, by Sir Richard Hawkins, who 
was the son of the celebrated mariner Sir John Hawkins. Gorges in his " Brief 
Narration" states that Hawkins left England on Oct. 15, 1615, for the territory of 
the North Colony of the Virginia Company, and that he returned home in less than 
a year. Brawnde must therefore have had his boats seized by Hawkins in April, 
1616. 

Smith in " New-England Trials" states that a London ship in 1010 arrived out, 
in about six weeks, remained about the same time, and returned to England in five 
months and a few days after her departure. These data correspond with those 
mentioned in Brawnde's letter. Smith styles himself" Admiral of New-England " in 
his "Description of New-England " published in 1616. Hawkins is said to have 
held the same title while in the country. 

In the catalogue of Cottonian MSS. the second letter, given below, is marked as 
probably that of Capt. John Smith. We have no evidence that there was any other 
John Smith interested in voyages to America, and Capt. Edw. M. Wingiield, the 
first president of Virginia, speaks of him as " begging while in Ireland like a rogue 
without a license," and I have no doubt that he was a bold adventurer whose narra- 
tives were written out by some literary man and then hawked by him through 
England. 

The more I examine the letter, the more I think it probable that it was written in 
November, 1606. 

Sir F. Gorges the Governor of Plymouth and his associates had sent a vessel with 
men to explore the " north parts " in 1606, and we know that the first voyage to the 
" eouth parts " of Virginia was undertaken in the latter part of this year,— the 



1874.] JBrawnde's Voyage, 1616. 249 

vessels on the 19th of December leaving the Thames with Smith as one of the com- 
pany. The second voyage, under the auspices of Gorges and Pop ham, to the " north 
parts," was commenced in May, 1607. 

[brawnde's report.] 

erall cap 
einge a pleasaunt voyage 
4 of February at Sodquine 
her harboure a litell w th in Sodq 
he had a conueritt wind to maneheg 

for it pleased God to derictt him there 
s voyage and after hauinge ended his voyage in 
departted the harbor of manehegin the 22. July 
. . . ts there was another ship called the Blessing of 
hereof on Arther hitchens was m r w ch departed outt of plim 
last of Jaimery & hauinge a contrery passedge did nott ariue 
the cuntry before the first of maye or the last of Aprill & si 
asted her salt was ameans of hendering of her voyage she cam 
. . . the country the 22 of July bunde for Englande & ariued the 27 of Auguus 
shipp called the daved of Plimouth whreof on Jhon mintren w 
beinge of the burthen of 120 tunnes & departed out of plimouth aboue 
the midds of february & Ariued into the cuntrye aboutt the 5 o 
of Aprell she hath mad a good voyage and departed the countrye 
of July bound for England & ariued in plimouth the first of September 
There was also a shipp of London called the nachen of the burthen .... 
of 200. where of on Edward Brawnde was m r w ch departed outt 
of darttmouth the 8 of Marche and fell with Sodquin 
he 20 of Aprell & was harbourd in manehegin the 24 of Aprell 
& hailing his boatts detayned by Sir Kchd Ilookins was constraynd 
to build all his boatts & hauiug great store of trade A 
bord to deliuer to apinnes w ch was to come to him he was long 
absent, by w ch towe meanes his voyage was very much dam 
nyiied yett eusing his best endeuor he & his compar^e made 
w th in litell of army voyage by the meanes of on or towe men 
he had 6 men fayled him all the yeere his pinnes cam 
outt of dartmouth the 10 of marche & did nott ariue in manheg 
before the 26 or 27 of June but she was upon the coste 20 dayes 
before that M r Brawnde came outt of manehegin the 21 of July 
& leste his pinness in the countrye being bound about Cape 
Cod for the discovery of sertayne perell w ch is told by the 
Sauvages to be there. M r Brawnde ariued there the 28 of Augu 
ood towe other ship 
aboutt the midds of July 
... & Judeth 
of on William Weste was m r 
ailed the Triall whereof on James Ed 
nevall ariued in the aboutt the first of 9 
boutt the laste of Aprell the cominge both in 
21 th of Julye the admerall ariued into England 
Auguste the other ariued aboutt the 5 or 6 of Septemb 
To all whome this doth concerne this is to be sertifyed 
thre ar greet voyages to be made in New Englande upon fi 
take the times of the yeere & likewise vpon ferrs so far 
vol. xxvm. 22* 



250 Brawnde's Voijcige, 1616. [July, 

be nott spoylled by the meanes of towe many factors its 

& conuenientt that the trade be kept in on ffaith or Cap 

hands then the .... kepe the Saueges at thre pleasure 

itt another this w ch maye hender the trad w ch is the ffen 

the boatts the coste very much if this be p'vented the 

great good to be donne vpon it I dow ingage my selfe e 

men to loade a shippe of 200 betweene the firste of Marche & t 

midds of June, for in Marche, Aprell and Maye is the beste 

making of drye fish a shippe that will carye 400,000 New 

fyslie will nott carye aboue 7 or 8 score from New England 

the countrye is good & a healthye clemett for ought that 

I can se or understand the sauveges are a gentell matured pee 

& frequentt the Engleshe vere much the countrye is worthye of 

prayes conddacion and if I weare of abillitye and able to vnture 

I would venture that waye a sonne as anye waye in anye cuntrye 

that yeldeth such comodetyes as that doth though my meanes 

be nott able to venture yet my life & labour is willing 

& industrous att the uttmost of my power. 

The M r is Edward Brawndo 
his ehiff matt John Bennett 
The second matt Briane Tocker 
The owner of o r shippe William Treedel 
The M r chantt John Edwards 
The Bosone John hille 
The gonner & pilatt William Gayneyo 

his matt James ffarre 
The Bossone's matt John downo 
The quarter msters is 
Nicholas Collins 
Thomas Weber 
John Barrens 
Hennery Batteshill 
The steward John Brimelcome 
The cooks Nicholas Head 
& John Ilutton 

Some of the comen mens names aro 
John Wiles 
Philipp Wiles 
Thomas Roberts 
John Hept 
Thomas Tobbe 

I hope I need not writt enye more of my mens names. So I end corn- 
ending all wishers & good adventurers in this voyage to p r tection of the 
Allmighty. I Rest 

Your lovinge frend 

Edward Braavnde 



To his worthye good frend Captayne John Smith admerall of New 
and. 

Edward Brawnd & Governor. 



England. 



1874.] Greenland, JV. H. — Early Ministerial Records. 251 

[capt. JOHN smith (probably) to sir. f. gorges.] 

od that you 

od my ys in 

whiche I praye Go[d] 

the Sam .... to his n 

plesure — Amen the ocasion of th . . 
letar to you at this tyme is . . . 
I have geven to vnderstand . . . 
tlier ys a vyage prepared for th[e] 
Southe parttis yff yt be so th[at] 

you thinke good of yt and th[at] 
yt maye be to enye good porpos I 
praye to haue youre fordorans in yt 
and yt be that youe dealle in 
the saide vyage I ame att youre 
worship comandementt otharwyse nott 
nor with outt youre consentt I I wyll 
nott go off enye vyage as yett I woldo 

one vyage in to 

the northe partes I wolde knowe youre 
plesure here in and that knowne I 

wylle make my as you wyll 

asyne me your worship shall have 
me in plemouthe . . . this the . . . god 
preserve youe from brystowe the 
Laste of November 

Youre obeydent 

Smythe. 



GREENLAND, N. II.— EARLY MINISTERIAL RECORDS. 

Communicated by the Hon. William P. Haines, of Biddeford, Me. 

GREENLAND, originally a part of Portsmouth, 1 was incorpo- 
rated as a distinct town in 1703. In 1705 there were 320 
inhabitants. On the 4th of June, 1705, the town of Portsmouth 
voted, "that the inhabitants of Greenland, in consideration of their 
numbers, distance they had to travel, and danger of passing to pub- 
lic Avorship, be paid out of the town stock their proportion of £100 
a year, raised for the support of the minister, during their main- 
tenance of an able minister amongst them, and no longer." The 

1 A portion of the territory now included in the township of Greenland was embraced 
in the Squamscott Patent (ante, xxiv. 264-269). For additional matters relating to this 
town, sec Register, xxii. 451, and xxiii. 148,430, articles contributed by A. M. Haines, 
Esq., Galena, 111., who has been actively engaged lor several years in searching fur the 
scattered records of the town. The Haines family of this generation are fortunate in 
having at least two members who appreciate the value of original historical documents. — 
[Editor of Register.] 



252 Greenland, IT. II. — Early Ministerial Records. [July, 

use of a certain amount of land was afterward substituted for the 
above £100. 

The first settled minister was the Rev. William Allen, who was 
born in Boston, Mass., March, 1676 (H. C. 1703), and ordained 
pastor July 15, 1707. Pie died Sept. 8, 1760, at the age of 84 years, 
and in the fifty-fourth year of his ministry. The Rev. Samuel 
McClintock, D.D., was ordained a colleague with Mr. Allen, Nov. 3, 
1756, and died April 27, 1804, in the forty-eighth year of his 
ministry, aged 72. He was born in Medford, Mass., May 1, 1732, 
and was graduated at Princeton in 1751, with high honors. To 
him succeeded the Rev. James Armstrong Neal, who was born in 
Londonderry, 1774, ordained pastor May 22, 1805, and died in 
office July 18, 1808. He was the father of the accomplished writer, 
Joseph C. Neal. The Rev. Ephraim Abbot, who was born in New- 
castle, Me., Sept. 28, 1779 (H. C. 1806, Andover 1810), was 
settled over the church Oct. 27, 1813, dismissed at his own request 
Oct. 28, 1828, on account of ill health, and died in Westneld, 
Mass., in Aug., 1870, nearly 91 years of age. He was a fine 
classical scholar, and a celebrated preceptor for many years. 

From 1712 to 1753 there were 1092 baptisms in this church, 
averaging 26 a year; while the deaths, during that time, were less 
than 10 per annum. We now present a transcript of the records 
made in rolls by the Rev. Mr. Allen, of the members of his church, 
of baptisms, and of deaths during his long ministry. 



The Names of the Church of Greenland. 

First, the names of those in covenant before my ordination and 
in full communion. 



1 William Philbrook 


1G Ellis hains 


2 John Gate 


17 Prudence Philbrook 


3 Ebenezer Johnson 


18 Martha Philbrook 


4 Joshua Hains 


19 Elinor Berrey 


5 Samuel foss 


20 Elizabeth Berrey 


G Richard White 


21 Hannah Brick 


7 Joshua Weeks 


22 Susannah foss 


8 Samuel Weeks 


23 Mary foss 


9 hanah Lewis 


24 Abigail Berrey 


10 Elinor Johnson 


25 Dorothy Crocket 


1 1 Mary Philbrook 


2G Sarah Babbe 


12 Margaret Johnson 


27 Sarah Kenestone 


13 Judith Cate 


28 James Sherbon 


14 Comfort Weeks 


20 Sherbon 


15 Mary Whitten 




Persons admitted since 


my settlement, 1712. 


1 John Johnson 


3 Nathaniel Berrey 


2 Joshua Bracket 


4 Mary Lewis 



1874.] Greenland, JV". II — Early Ministerial Records, 253 



5 Elizabeth Avery wife to John 

Avery 

6 Sarah White wife to Richard 

White 

7 Rachel Lewis 

8 Sarah Foss 

9 Mary hains wife to Wm. Hams 

10 Mary Whitten 

1713 

11 Jeane Lewis 

12 Elinor Gatchel wife to John 

Gatchel 

13 John Allen 

14 Sarah Whitten 

15 Elizabeth Neale wife to Sam 11 

Neale 

16 Susanna Allen 

17 Sarah Macrease wife to Benj. 

Macrease 

1714 

18 Jeane Neale 

1 9 Deborah Allen wife to Jude Allen 

20 Mary Brian t 

21 Mary Brackit wife to 1ft Josh. 

Bracket 

1715 

22 Thomas Crockit 

23 Walter Philbrook 

24 Matthias Hains Senr. 

25 Mchctabel Hains wife to Mat- 

thias Haines 

26 Hannah Watson wife to Nath. 

Watson 

27 John Lock 

28 Mary Foxe 

29 Nathaniel Watson 

30 Hannah Johnson wife to John 

Johnson 

31 John Philbrook Sen r 

32 Jeane Goss wife to Rob* Goss 

1716 

33 Mary March wife to Doc r March 

34 Brigct Barker wife to Enoch 

Barker 

35 William Lock 

36 Hannah Lock wife to William 

Lock 

37 Benjamin Mecrease 

38 James Cate 

39 Elias Phibrook 

40 Rlioda Philbrook wife to Elias 

Philbrook [Chapman 

41 Phebe Chapman wife to Sam 1 



42 Sarah Hains wife to Josh. Hains 

43 Elinor Urin 

44 Sarah Briant wife to Rob 1 Briant 

1717 

45 Susanna Johnson wife to Deakon 

Johnson 

46 Hannah Hains wife to Matthias 

Hains 

47 Deliverance Lock wife to francis 

lock 

48 Mary Lock 

49 Mary Blake wife to John Blake 

1718 

50 Joseph Lock 

5 1 Salome Lock wife to Joseph Lock 

52 James Fuller 

53 Mary Fuller wife to James Fuller 

54 Eliz. Weeks wife to Jonathan 

Weeks 

55 Ellis Lock 

1719 

56 Jeane Cate 

57 Susannah Berry wife to Jonathan 

Berry 

58 John Neale 

59 Margaret Neale wife to John 

Neale 

60 Mary Sevey wife to henry Sevy 

1720 

61 James Berry 

62 Mehitable Berry wife to Thomas 

Berry 

63 Margaret Cate wife to James 

Cate 

64 francis Lock 

1721 

65 Judith Huggins wife to Nath 1 

Hu£gins 

66 Ruth Emmons 

67 Lydia Goss wife to Rob 4 Goss 

Jun r 

68 Mary Cate wife to Tucker Cate 

69 Michael Hicks 

70 Mary Hicks wife Michael Hicka 

71 Jonathan Philbrook 

72 Eliz. Philbrook his wife 

1722 

73 Martha Weeks 

74 Abigaile Lewis 

75 Sam 11 Neale 

76 Elizabeth Cate wife to William 

Cate 

77 James Whitten 



254 Greenland, i\T. H. — Early ^Ministerial Records, [July, 



78 Mary Whitten wife to Jeames 114 

whitten 115 

79 Benjamin Foster 

80 Wilimot Foster wife to Benj. 116 

foster 117 

81 Abiah Berry wife to Joshua 

Berry 118 

82 Bethiah Philbrook 119 

1723 120 

83 John Lock Jim* 

84 Sarah Urin wife to Joseph Urin 121 

85 Abigaile Folsham 122 
8Q Mary Foss 

87 Abigail Foss 123 

88 Hannah Groo 124 

89 Mary Hains widdow 125 

90 Mary Folsham widdow 126 

91 Mary Richeson wife to 

92 Joseph Weeks 127 

1724 

93 Jeane Hains 128 

94 Deliverance Folsham 129 

1725 130 

95 Comfort Weeks 131 

96 Mehitable Lock 132 

1726 133 

97 Hannah Urin wife to Jeames Urinl34 

98 Martha Wallice wife to William 135 

Wallice 136 

99 Jeane Dockum wife to John 137 

Dockum Jun r 138 

100 Mary Perkins wife to Tho 139 

Perkins 140 

101 Elizabeth Keniston wife to Geo. 141 

Kenistone 142 

1727 

102 Joseph Hill 143 

103 Sarah Hill wife to Joseph Hill 

104 Edward Dearbon 144 

105 Walter Weeks 145 

106 John Johnson 146 

107 Prudence Johnson wife to Ens. 147 

John Johnson 148 

108 Jeams Nudd 149 

109 Abigaile Nudd wife to James 

Nudd 150 

1728 151 

110 Elizabeth Philbrook wife to 

Walter Philbrook 152 

111 Sarah Kenistone wife to John 153 

II. Kenistone 

112 John Crocket [Bracket 154 

113 Elizabeth Bracket wife to John 



Richard Carter 

Sarah Carter wife to Richard 

Carter 
Hannah Watson 
Martha Dockum wife to John 

Dockum 
Sarah Lang wife to John Lang 
Samuel Weeks 
Mehitable Weeks wife to Sam 11 

Weeks 
Samuel Huggins 
fedrica Huggins wife to Sam 11 

Huggins 
Tucker Gate 
Hannah Hains 
Jonathan Dockum 
Sarah Dockum wife to Jonathan 

Dockum 
Sarah Avery wife to Rob 1 Avery, 

Jun r 
John Blake 

Cap* James Johnson [Davis 

Rebeckah Davis wife to Sam 11 
James Johnson Jun r 
Anne Watson 
Phebe Chapman 
Jeane Berry 

Jeane Vittom ( 

William Davis [Davis 

Rebecka Davis wife to William 
Eliz Crossbe 
Margaret Hains 
John Lang (or Long) 
Anne Berry wife to Ithamar Berry 
Elinor Weeks wife to Capt. Sam' 

Weeks 
Abigail Briant wife to Elisha 

B riant 
Sarah Clark 
Daniel Allen Jun*. 
Sarah Lunt wife to Daniel Lunt 
Lydia Hill 
Joshua Mackris 
Mary Avery wife to Robert 

Avery Sen r 
Ester Lewis 
Hannah Allen wife to Daniel 

Allen Sen r 
Daniel Lunt 
John Weeks 

1729 
Sarah Huffgins wife to Nath 1 

Huggins 



1874.] Greenland, JV. II. — Early Ministerial Records. 255 



155 Mary Moody, widow 

156 William Norton 
Josiah Clarke 
Abigaile Letherbe 
Mary Johnson Dr. [dau. of?] 

Capt. Johnson 
Sarah Bracket 
1730 
1G1 Eliz. Johnson Dr. Capt Johnson 
162 Elinor Bracket 
169 John Dockum 
Elianor Hains 

1731-1732 
Susanna Mackris 
Enoch Clarke 
Elinor March 

174 Eliz. March 

175 Caleb Philbrook 

176 Mary Philbrook his wife 

177 Mary Neale 

1733 

178 Tho 9 . Harden 

179 Hannah Clarke 

1734 

180 Sarah Ford widow 

181 James Wood 

182 Mary Bickford 

[The next] 31 persons admitted May 
11, 1735 
John Foss 
Jedediah Weeks 



157 
158 
159 

160 



170 

171 

172 
173 



183 
184 

185 
186 
187 



Eleanor Weeks 



Eleanor Raines 
Sarah Foxe 

188 Joshua Weeks 

189 Jeane Cate 

190 Ruth Ayers 

191 Mehitable Haines 

192 John Johnson 

193 Eleazer Cate 

194 Robert Tuftin Philbrick 

195 Martha Cate 

196 Philip Babb 

197 Bracket Johnson 

198 Icabod Weeks 

199 Eleanor Brick 
300 Jonathan Barker 

201 Hannah Johnson 

202 Margaret Johnson 

203 Mary Johnson 



204 

205 



Elizabeth Foss 
Elizabeth Cate 



206 Mary Johnson 



207 Robert Goss 

208 Mercy Urin 

209 Eleanor Haines 

210 Nathan Mastin 

211 Bridget Barker 

212 Hannah Haines 

213 Deliverance Kenestono 

214 Samuel Haines 

215 Joshua Weeks tertius 

216 Mehetable Hains wife to Sam 1 

Hains 

217 Mary Moody 

218 Sarah Huggins admitted Aug. 3 

1735, 5 persons 

219 Nathaniel Huggins 

220 Elizabeth Barker 

221 Deborah Johnson — these three 

admitted Nov. 16, 1735 
1736 

222 James Whitten 

223 Abigaile Whitten 

224 Mary Philbrick 

225 Rhoda Barker 

226 Mercy Briant Daughter Rob* 

B riant 

1737 

227 Comfort Cotton 

228 William Cate 

229 John Weeks Doct r 

1738 

230 James Bracket 

1739 

231 Deborah Philbrook 

1740 

232 Thankful Marshal 

233 Henry Clarke 

234 Jeane Babb these 3 admit d May 1 

235 Mary Sanborn wife to Abiather 

Sanb" 

236 Mary Fabyan admitted Nov. 16 

1741 

237 Ebenezer Cate son of James Cate 

238 Prissilla Philbrook 

239 Hannah Ayers 

240 Margaret Johnson these 6. ad- 

mitted Dec. 6. 

241 Rachel Berry 

242 Ilagar, a negro 

43 William Hains these 17 admit- 
ted April 4, 1742 



256 Greenland, i\T. H. — Early Ministerial Records. [July, 

244 Samuel Ayers 271 Abigaile Johnson 'these admit d 

245 Walter Neale Nov. 14, 1742 
24G Mary Ayers wife to thomas Ayers 272 Elizabeth Norton 

247 William Norton 

248 Sarah Haines 273 Hannah Longmaid admitted Mar. 

249 Sarah Hicks 27, 1743 

250 Dorothy Lang 

251 John Hicks '" 274 Mary Durgen 

252 Lydia Cate 275 hannah Ellit admitted Nov. 25 

253 John Philbrook 1744 

254 Elinor Johnson 

255 Matthias Hains 276 Mary Daughter of Samuel Weeks 
25 G Abigaile Hains wife to Matthias [erased] 

Hains 277 William Bocknell 

257 Jeane Johnson wife to John 278 hannah Whidden, these admitted, 

Johnson Sept. 22, 1745 

258 David Hains 

259 Samuel Hicks 279 Sarah Weeks 

280 Elizabeth Berry, the 2. Mar. 30, 
2G0 Nathanael Grow 1746 

261 francis Berry 281 Deliverance Meloon wife of Josh. 

262 William Weeks Meloon, May 21, 1749 
2 Go leonard weeks these 4 admit 282 Sarah Sherborn, Oct. 1749 

May 23 283 Edward Derborn, Aug. 26, 1750 

284 Sarah Derborn his wife Aug. 2G, 

264 abigaile Hains, admitted Aug. 15 1750 

285 Elinor Weeks wife of William 

265 Mary Cate ) . Weeks, July 7, 1751 

266 Hannah Cate j twms 286 Bridget y e wife of John Whitten 

267 John Watson July 7, 1751 

268 Mary Watson his wife 287 Samuel Hains feb. 4, 1753 

269 Mary Whitten 288 Benjamin and wife July 13 

270 Sarah Goss, these admitted Oct. ■ 1755 

10, 1742 

The foregoing names are contained in a roll, the latter part of 
which appears to have been torn off and is missing. This roll at 
the beginning, on the back, is endorsed : " The Church Record by 
Mr. Allen." And on the back at the other end, in another hand- 
writing : " Received as a member of our particular Society upon her 
dismission and recommendation from the 2 nd Cldi in Kittcry. 1763, 
Mr. Eleazer Gate's wife dismissed from y e Chli in North Hampton 
and received into our Society. Feb. 1, 1767, Mr. Simeon Dear- 
born received as a member with us, in virtue of a dismiss' 1 and re- 
commendation from the Chh at North Hr.mpton. 1767, March 29, 
John Folsom and Margaret Nutter, wife of Lemuel Nutter, made a 
public profession of religion and were joined to the Chh. 1769, 
Jan. 15, Sarah wife of Doct. Weeks received to Com u with this 
Chh." 

[To be continued.] 



1874.] Letters of Gov. Spotsikood, of Virginia. 257 



GOV. SPOTSWOOD'S LETTERS RELATING TO VIRGINIA. 

We extract from the Richmond Enquirer, of Dec. 9, 1873, tbo following interest- 
ing letter. [Editor of Register.] 

IT is with unaffected gratification as a citizen of Virginia and a member of 
the Virginia Historical Society, that I make it known to onr fellow-citi- 
zens, and, particularly, to that class of them which is particularly interested 
in historical pursuits, that the Virginia Historical Society has, at last, after 
some years of patient endeavor, succeeded in purchasing from a lady in 
England a manuscript letter-book of Governor Alexander Spots wood. This 
MS. is the one referred to by Mr. Campbell, in his history of Virginia, 
wdiere he says, " Governor Spotswood left a historical account of Virginia 
during the period of his administration, and Mr. Bancroft had access to this 
valuable document, and refers to it in his history." In a letter addressed to 
the writer in 1809, Mr. Bancroft says that he was, through the influence of 
a high official, allowed to see this IMS. but not to copy it. 

The authenticity of this MS. is beyond question, and as it has been re- 
garded as a misfortune that so valuable a relic w 7 as allowed to be taken out 
of the State, I make no doubt that its restoration to the custody and owner- 
ship of Virginians will he hailed with pleasure by all, and especially by the 
numerous descendants of Governor Spotswood. 

Everything relating to Governor Spotswood's administration of the Colo- 
nial government must be interesting. His career in Virginia was distin- 
guished by indomitable enterprise and public spirit. It has been said of 
him, " There was an utility in his designs, a vigor in his conduct, and an 
attachment to the true interest of the kingdom and the colony, which merit 
the greatest praise." He was called the " Tubal Cain of Virginia," for lie 
" gave them the manufacture of iron." His kindly interest in the Indians 
was deep and earnest, and appears throughout the correspondence. In one 
of his letters he says : " I have, at my own expense, settled a school mas- 
ter among [the Indians], who has at this time one hundred of their chil- 
dren under his care." His celebrated tramontane expedition, which estab- 
lished his reputation as a pioneer, was not undertaken merely for the sake 
of adventure, but in furtherance of a great and much cherished scheme to 
check the encroachments of the French, by establishing a chain of posts 
from the lakes to the Mississippi. Speaking of the tardiness of the minis- 
try to adopt the recommendations of Spotswood in that matter, Mr. Camp- 
bell terms them "wise, prophetic admonitions." In a deeply interesting 
letter to the Board of Trade, dated 14th August, 1718, Spotswood says : " I 
have often regretted that after so many years as these countrys have been 
settled, no attempts have been made to discover the sources of our rivers, 
nor to establish any correspondence with thoso nations of Indians to ye 
westw'd of us, even after the certain knowledge of the progress made by 
the French in surrounding us with their settlements." He then goes on to 
say that the chief object of " my [his] expedition over the great mountains 
in 171 G " was to find out whether it was practicable "to come at the lakes." 
He modestly claims to know more than any other Englishman about the 
situation of the lakes, and in a strain truly chivalric, and every way in the 
spirit of the motto of his arms (jjatior tit potiar) he tenders the king his 

vol. xxvin. 23 



258 Letters of Gov. Spotsiuood, of Virginia. [July, 

services to carry out the arduous and perilous enterprise of establishing a 
settlement on the lakes, and, after alluding to the dangers and difficulties of 
such an undertaking, says : " * * * yet, having been from my infancy 
employed in the service of my country, I shall not grudge any fatigue wch 
may contribute to its benefits." 

I am tempted to give an extract from one of Spotswood's letters to the 
celebrated Addison, in which some may descry a trace of that disaffection 
to the crown, which grew so rapidly during Spotswood's term of office : "In 
my travels last year to the Northward I observed that his Majty had been 
pleased to honour his Governmts there wth his lvoyal Picture; as there 
are here some of the best public Buildings in America, I hope his Majty 
will be graciously pleased to do Virga the same Hour ; and that it would 
be no obstacle to his Majty's Bounty, or yr good oihces herein, that in the 
Journal of our late House of Burgesses, there is a vote rejecting the peti- 
tion of [a] person who offered a picture of his Majty (reported to be a 
good piece) to sale because they would not be at ye expense of the pur- 
chase." 

Another letter shows that his calumniators, in filching his good name, 
had made him "poor indeed," without enriching themselves. I cannot fore- 
go giving the Governor's own words : " These very persons continually 
handed, in the same dark manner, to my friends in England, and particu- 
larly to my brother, such malicious storys of my private behaviour as de- 
termined him to alter the intentions he had always declared of continuing 
unmaryed, and leaving me his whole estate at his death. So that by such 
means I have lost about £20,000 by coming into this country." 

As we cannot be indifferent about what the Governor thought ofj us 
after several months' acquaintance, I make a short quotation from his letter 
to the Bishop of London, dated 24th October, 1710: "I shall conclude 
with doing justice to this country, as far as my Discoverys have hitherto 
been able to reach ; and declare sincerely to Yr Lordp. that I have observed 
here less Swearing & Prophanncss, less Drunkeness & Debauchery, less un- 
charitable Feuds & Animositys, & less Knaverys and Villanys than in any 
part of the world where my lot has been * * *." Did space allow, I 
might give many more extracts from this large and interesting collection of 
letters. 

The acquisition of this valuable manuscript completes the Historical 
Society's collection of Spotswood's letters, which now make a series running 
through the Governor's official career in Virginia. In this correspondence 
are included copies of the anonymous charges preferred against Spotswood 
to the Lord's Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, and of the Govern- 
or's carefully prepared answers thereto. I am sure that a wide-spread in- 
terest will be felt in the intelligence that immediate steps will be taken by 
the Historical Society to publish these manuscripts in a style to suit with 
their great importance. 

W r hen we consider the untoward circumstances in which our Historical 
Society has prosecuted its labors since the close of the war, it is a matter 
for gratulation, if not pride, that the Society has in that time done a work 
in the acquisition of this celebrated MS., which will compare favorably 
with any tiling that has been accomplished in the same period by any other 
Historical Society in the country. Nor do the labors of the Society end 
here. It was in consequence of a memorial prepared by direction of the exe- 
cutive committee of our Society that the Legislature, in 1871, set on foot 
the important work of making a catalogue raisonne or calendar of the 



1874.] American Troops near Boston, June, 1775. 259 

State papers, which had lain so long in the Capitol unregarded and in dis- 
order ; and I am glad to know from Dr. William P. Palmer, under whose 
able supervision this work is going on, that he hopes to publish a volume 
sometime during the next spring. 

Penetrated by a conviction that they would be recreant to their high 
trust to allow any considerations, however discouraging, or even appalling, 
to distract or divert them, the Historical Society are pushing their work 
with increased zeal, and will spare no effort to bring about a revival of in- 
terest in the history of the Ancient Dominion, so resplendent with exam- 
ples of patriotism and devotion to principles. W. A. M. 

Richmond, 8th December, 1873. 



OFFICERS OF AMERICAN TROOPS STATIONED NEAR 
BOSTON, JUNE, 1775. 

Communicated by "William John Potts, Esq., of Camden, N. J. 

AMONG Matthew" Carey's volumes of newspaper cuttings in the 
Philadelphia Library, is one marked "Revolutionary." In 
this volume I find the following extract, which was printed in some 
paper probably about the year 1827 or '28, perhaps a year or two 
earlier, as there is evidence to show that most of these cuttings were 
printed about that time ; the dates, however, are not given. I see 
no reason to doubt its authenticity. 

[From the New-York Daily Advertiser.] 

"We have been obligingly favored with a document containing a partial 
list of the names of the oilicers belonging to the American troops stationed 
near Boston, in June, 1775. The original letter is in our hands, with sev- 
eral others from different individuals belonging to that part of the country, 
who adhered to the British in the revolutionary contest : — 

" Messrs. Editors. The enclosed letter from the Hon. Mr. Browne, dated 
Boston, January 8, 1776 (then occupied by the British army), and addressed 
to an American refugee who had preceded him to England, contains some 
facts relating to the revolutionary army appointments, at the commencement 
of the war of independence, and will doubtless be interesting to your 
readers. 

Col. Browne was a member of the council of Massachusetts, and was 
esteemed one of the most opulent and benevolent individuals in that prov- 
ince prior to the Revolution. So great was his popularity that the guber- 
natorial chair was offered him by the committee of safety, as an inducement 
for him to remain with the friends of liberty ; but he felt it a duty to adhere 
to government, even at the expense of his great landed property, which 
was soon afterward confiscated. He was afterward appointed governor of 
Bermuda. 

Col. Browne was a grandson of Gov. Burnet, of New- York, and the last 
of his family ; a sister died near this city about three years ago. w. 

Extract from an original letter from the Hon. William Browne, dated 
Boston, Mass., January 8th, 177G : — "Totherday General Robinson showed 



260 



American Troops near Boston, June, 1775. [July, 



me the devices upon the denominations of the continental bills. On one is 
represented a heavy shower of rain falling on a new settled country. Motto 
round it, Serenabit. On another a hand plucking the branches from a tea- 
plant ; motto, sustine vel abstine. On a third, a Hawk contending with a 
Stork; motto, JExitus in dublo est. On a fourth, an ancient crown on a 
pedestal ; motto, si recte fades. On a fifth, a Beaver gnawing down a full 
grown oak ; motto, per server ando. On a sixth, an Irish Harp ; motto, majo- 
ra majoribus consonant. The inventions of Mr. Franklin. 

When I wrote to you in October, I forgot to send you the following list 
of officers, in part, of the rebel army, found in the pocket of one of their 
sergeants, who was killed on the 17 th of June, on the heights of Charles- 
town. 



Col. Gerrish, Newbury 

Lt. Col. Parker, Chelmsford 

Maj. Bigelow, Worcester 

Lt. Col. Henshaw, Leicester 

Maj. Brooks 

Lt. Col. Holdin 

Adjutant Green 

Col. Whitney 

Col. Woodbridge 

Maj. Butt rick 

Col. Porter 

Maj. Miller 

Col. Doolittle, Petersham 

Adjutant B. Moore 

Col. Frye 

Gen. Whitcomb, Bolton 

Col. William Prescot 

Gen. Ward, Shrewsbury 

Col. Pierce 

Gen. Pomeroy, Northampton 

Col. Patterson, Richmond 

Col. Gardiner, Cambridge 

Col. Bridge, Chelmsford 

Lt. Col. Bricket, Haverhill 

Lt. Col. Clark 

Maj. Stacey 

Maj. Wood, Pepperell 

Lt. Col. Powel 

Adjutant Holden 

Adjutant Fox 

Lt. Col. Robinson, Dorchester 

Adjutant Febiger 

Adjutant Stevens 

Col. Bond, Watertown 

Col. Simmons 

Lt. Col. Whitney, Harvard 



Adjutant Gager 

Col. Nixon, Framingham 

Col. Ward, Southboro' 

Maj. Sawyer 

Adjutant Warner 

Maj. Wm. Moore, Paxton 

Maj. Cady 

Adjutant Hunt 

Adjutant Holman 

Adjutant Hart 

Col. Mansfield 

Adjutant Putnam 

Maj. Jackson 

Lt. Col. Hudson or Hutching 

Adjutant Hardy 

Adjutant Marsdon 

Lt. Col. J. Reid, near Menadnock 

Maj. of Brigade, Sam Osgood 

Lt. Col. Moulton 

Maj. Putnam 

Lt. Col. Putnam 

Maj. Poor 

Adj. Gen. Jas. Keith, Easton 

Col. Green 

Maj. Baldwin 

Adj. Woodbridge 

Sec'ry J. Ward 

Col. Henshaw, Leicester 

Adjutant Montague 

Maj. Durkee, Norwich 

Capt. Butler, Peterborough 

Joseph Trumbull 

Judge Advocate, Norwich 

Adjutant Hantly 

Lt. Col. Storer ' " 



1874.] The Early History of mills, N. IT. 261 



EARLY HISTORY OF IIOLLIS, N. II. 

By the Hon. Samuel T. Worcester, of Nashua, N. H. 
[Concluded from page 152.] 

HAVE already referred to the Old French War in which Louis- 
burg, on the island of Cape Breton, was captured by the New-Eng- 
land troops. That war began in the spring of 1744, and lasted four 
years. The settlement then at Hollis was on the frontier, and like all 
other frontier settlements then in New-Hampshire, was kept in constant 
alarm from fear of attacks from the Canada Indians. A large number 
of the frontier inhabitants, in different towns, were killed, more taken 
captive to Canada, and some settlements wholly broken up. By 
reason of these fears, Mr. Emerson, with 54 of the inhabitants 
(probably all the householders), united in a petition to the general 
court of New-Hampshire for garrisons, and soldiers for a guard. 
Again in May, 1746, at the second town meeting, after the town was 
chartered, "It was Voted to Petition the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts for som solders for a Gard for us, being in Gratt Danger 
of ye Enemy." Still again, in April, 1747, Samuel Cummings was 
chosen a delegate to the general court of New-Hampshire to obtain a 
guard. In the petition for this guard, it was stated "that Hollis was 
on the frontier, and much exposed to the Indian Enemy. That the 
number of effective men then in the Town did not exceed 50, and 
that most of them had families. That their situation was such that 
they could not work without a Guard, and if they could not be pro- 
tected they must abandon their Husbandry and spend their time in 
watching and warding. They therefore prayed for ten or a Dozen 
Soldiers for a Scout till the Dangers of Summer and Fall were over 
and the harvest past." Whether guards were furnished or not in 
answer to any of these petitions, is not shown from the records ; but 
I well remember the tradition that in early times one or more of the 
houses in Hollis were occupied as garrisons for protection from the 
Indians. 

TOWN CIIAftTER. 

About tha 1st of April, 1746, all that part of old Dunstable, 
lying in New-Hampshire, and west of the Merrimack river, was di- 
vided and incorporated into the new towns of Dunstable, Merrimack, 
Hollis and Monson. 

Hollis, as bounded and described in its charter, began at the 
Nashua river on the province line, and ran westerly on that line to 
the west line of old Dunstable 6 miles, 96 rods ; thence it ran north 
on the old Dunstable line 4 miles and 140 rods (to Monson) ; 
thence easterly on a line parallel to the south line to Muddy Brook ; 

VOL. xxviii. 23* 



262 The Early History of Ilollis, JST. JET. [July, 

thence by Muddy Brook, Flint's pond and Flint's brook to Nashua 
river, and thence by that river to the province line again. These 
boundaries left Ilollis, as first chartered, about G| miles east and 
west, and about 4^- miles north and south, with an area of about 
27 square miles. These boundaries, as will be seen, would have 
left the site of the meeting-house within about 1J miles of the 
east line, and near 5 miles from the west, about 3 miles from 
the south, and l£ mile from the north line. These boundaries seem 
to have been satisfactory to none of the people of Ilollis, and were 
the cause of long; continued trouble and contention. 

Iii 1763 all that part of Ilollis, then known as " one Pine Hill," 
now as Pine Hill, with the one omitted, lying west of Muddy Brook, 
Flint's pond and Flint's brook, was taken from Dunstable and an- 
nexed to Ilollis, and in 1773 that part of the present town lying in 
the bend of, <7Iid east of Nashua river near Runnel's mills, was also 
taken from Dunstable and annexed to this town. 

The town of Monson lay next north of Ilollis, extending to the 
Souhcgan river, and contained about the same quantity of territory as 
Ilollis. In 1770, on petition of its inhabitants, the charter of Mon- 
son was repealed, and about half of it on the south side annexed to 
Ilollis and the residue to Amherst. 

In 1769, about 1J mile in width, on the west side of Ilollis, 
with what was called the " Mile Slip" then lying between Ilollis 
and Mason, was organized into a town, and incorporated by the 
name of Paby. In 1786, another strip about three fourths of a mile 
in width was taken from Ilollis and annexed to Paby. The name, 
Paby, on petition of its selectmen, was changed to Brookline in 1796. 
The last change in the boundaries of Ilollis was made in 1794, when 
from two to four square miles were taken from its south-west corner 
to aid in forming the town of Milford at the time of its incorporation. 

After all these several changes were made in the boundaries, and 
Hollis had been reduced to its present shape and area, I find from 
a survey and plan of it now in the office of the secretary of state in 
Concord (made in 1806, by Nathan Colburn) , that the town, as it 
now is, contains 19,620 acres. 

THE SECOND MEETING-HOUSE, OPPOSITION — TnE RAISING — PEW 
GROUND AND PEWS CARE OF THE MEETING- 
HOUSE SINGING, ETC. 

In the year 1745, the taxable inhabitants of the West Parish of 
Dunstable had increased to 78. They had now had a minister for 
two years, and had begun to have a very painful sense of the small 
capacity of their little meeting-house, " 22 feet one way, 20 the 
other — 9 foot studs, and one glass window." 

These feelings found expression in the doings of a parish-meeting 
held at the first meeting-house, Sept. 6, 1745, while the society was 
yet without a town or parish charter. At this meeting, as it ap- 



1874.] The Early History of Ilollis, JST. IL 263 

pears from the record, it was " unanimously voted to build a meet- 
ing-house 50 feet long, 44 feet wide and 23 posts in hight." 

" All so voted unanimously to sett ye next meeting on ye Lott of 
Land ye present Meeting House Stands on, which was given for yt 
use." It will be observed that these doings of the parish meeting, 
before the boundaries were altered by the town charter, were entirely 
unanimous. 

At the first town-meeting held after the charter, April 28, 1746, 
the following vote was passed as found in the record. " Voted una- 
nimously to take on us the obligation to Mr. Emerson as it now 
stands in the covenant for his yearly salary so long as he remains 
our Minister." 

At a town-meeting held on the 13th of June, 1746, a vote was 
passed by a majority only confirming the doings of the society, the 
fall previous, in respect to the building the second meeting-house, 
and also a vote accepting, on the part of the town, the site that had 
been given to the parish for the meeting-house and burial ground. 
Such progress was afterward made with this new enterprise that at 
a town-meeting held on the 28th of the following July a vote was 
passed, by a majority of the meeting, " That the Meeting-House be 
raised on the 13th of August next (1746), and that ye committee 
provide Victuals and Drink for ye People on Raising Day, and to 
bring it to the Fraim at noon. If they can't get it among our 
Friends, to provide it themselves." 

To the proceedings of both of these two last meetings, in respect 
to the locality of the meeting-house, and the building and raising it, 
there appears to have been a very earnest and determined opposition 
by the people then living in the west part of the town, most of 
them, as is supposed, living in that part of the town which is now 
in Brookline. Quite a number of them had a written protest entered 
upon the records against the whole proceedings of the meeting, and 
after the vote was taken to raise the meeting-house on the 13th of 
August, next after the meeting, thirteen of these united in a memo- 
rial and complaint to the general court of New-Hampshire, praying 
" that a committee might be appointed to view the situation and fix 
the place for the meeting-house, and that the raising of it might 
be postponed till the committee could report." This memorial con- 
ceded that this location of the meeting-house was just and reasona- 
ble for the parish of West Dunstable as its bounds were originally ; 
but represented that it was very unjust and oppressive to them as 
inhabitants of t\\Q new town of Ilollis ; that the site selected and 
agreed on by vote of the town was near five miles from the west line 
of the town, and within one mile and a half of the east line. This 
memorial was signed by James, Joseph, and Randall McDaniells, 
Stephen Ames, Jesse Wyman, Moses Proctor, and seven others, 
making thirteen in all. 

But I do not find any evidence that the general court interfered 



264 The Early History of\Hollis i JST. H. [July, 

in the matter or that the raising of the meeting-house was delayed. 
Such progress was afterward made with the building, that in about 
two years after " Raising Day," a plan of the " Pew Ground," as it 
was called, was made by a committee of the town and accepted by a 
vote of a town-meeting. The plan of this pew ground embraced a 
space on the lower floor next the walls, wide enough for a single range 
of pews on each of the four sides, and this space was apportioned into 
sites or ground for about 20 pews. At a town-meeting on the 12th 
of September, 1748, this pew ground was disposed of by vote of the 
town as follows : 

" Voted that the highest of the present pay on Real Estate have the 
Pew Ground on their paying £200, old tenor, to be applied towards 
finishing the Meeting-House — and the said Pew Men are to take their 
Pews for themselves and Wives — the Man and his Wife to be Seated 
according to their Pay." That is, as I interpret this record, the 
men who at that time paid the highest taxes on real estate were to 
have the luxury of owning and sitting in separate pews, the wife 
being permitted to sit in the same pew with her husband, — upon 
condition that the purchasers of the pew ground should build the 
walls of their pews, and pay £200, old tenor, towards the completion 
of the building. 

In December, 1748, this pew ground was disposed of by lot, 
those entitled to do so drawing for choice. Down to this day the 
record shows the amount of premium paid for each pew, by whom 
paid, and its precise location in the meeting-house, almost as clearly 
as the actual view, with the man and his wife seated in it " accord- 
ing to pay on Real Estate." Mr. Enoch Hunt drew the first choice, 
paid for it £14. O. T., and chose the second pew at the right hand 
of the pulpit. Mr. Elias Smith drew the second choice, paid £14. 
O. T., and chose the second pew at the left hand of the pulpit. 
Capt. Peter Powers, third choice, and chose the first pew on the 
left hand of the front door. Lt. Benjamin Farley, eighth choice, 
took the third pew at the right hand of the east door, and paid for it 
£13. Dr. Samuel Cummings, thirteenth choice, paid for it £9. 10s., 
and took the first pew at the left hand of the west door ; and so of 
the rest. 

The pulpit was not yet built ; but at the annual town-meeting in 
1749, it was voted " To Bould the Pulpit and the Ministeriall Pew 
and Stars as soon as the Bord wold do to work." It is not told how 
soon the " Bord wold do to work," yet it would appear that when 
this part of the joiner's work was first done, it was not thought so good 
as it should have been, as I find at the annual meeting in 1754 the 
town " Voted that the Pew before the Pulpit be taken down, if there 
may be a good Hansom Pew for the Town built, and a convenient 
Deacon's Scat, and Good Hansom Stairs to go to the Pulpit." At 
the same annual meeting in 1749, it was put to vote "To See If the 
Town would build two Porches to the Mceting-House and it passed 
in the negative." 



1874.] The Early History of flollis, JST. H. 265 

The question in respect to the building of porches to the meeting- 
house was many times discussed in the town-meetings during the next 
twenty years. But none were built till about the year 1772, when 
a small one was erected on the south side of the meeting-house for 
passing into the main building, one on the east side high and large 
enough for gallery stairs for the women's gallery, and one on the west 
6ide for stairs for the men's gallery, with a belfry and steeple. 

This ancient second church edifice of Hollis, as originally com- 
pleted, long ago was dust, and has passed away among the things that 
were and are not. All that was mortal of the worthy people who 
built and worshipped in it is also dust, and for nearly a century haa 
reposed in the humble church-yard hard by. Yet from the 
hints and minutes preserved by them in their town-records, it would 
not require the genius of a Cuvier or Agassiz to reconstruct this 
ancient edifice, Doth as to its interior and exterior, and to present 
in vivid perspective the old congregation of worshippers as it would 
have appeared to the eye of a looker-on one hundred and twenty 
years ago. We have already given its length, breadth and height, as 
first erected. It occupied the same spot with the present modest 
and comparatively stately church. 

The stumps of the sturdy forest trees that had grown on the com- 
mon before it and on the burial ground behind, still stood firmly 
rooted in their native soil. The roads that led to it, freshly cut, 
and little better than bridle paths, unfenced except with logs and 
brush-wood here and there through the scattered and stump-covered 
clearings, wound their lonely way through the dense, original forest. 

The building itself was a plain wooden structure, covered on its 
outside with split clapboards, unpaintcd except its doors, windows 
and water "Troves;" as yet without porches, with one outside 
door on each of its south-east and west sides ; with a suitable num- 
ber of horse-blocks at convenient distances for the accommodation 
of such of the congregation as rode to meeeting upon the side saddle 
or pillion, as well as of those who rode upon saddles with two stirrups. 

On the inside upon the lower floor, around next the four walls, 
was a single row of pews, in which, from Sunday to Sunday, were 
seated the patriarchs and dignitaries of the town, "the highest in 
Pay on Real Estate," with their wives and families. 

A broad aisle leading from the south door to the pulpit and dea- 
con's seat, divided the remainder of the lower floor into the east and 
west sides, the east being the "women's side," and the west the 
"men's side." This area was furnished with long seats for such as 
could not afford, or were not permitted to enjoy the distinction of 
pews ; yet in making and arranging these seats, the committee 
charged with their construction were directed by the town-meeting 
to have them made and arranged " according to pay, having regard 
to age." 

The galleries were also divided between the sexes in the same way 



266* The Early History of Hollis, JST. IL [July, 

as the lower floor, — the west gallery belonging to the sterner, the 
east to the gentler sex, with separate flights of stairs in the south- 
west and south-east corners leading to each of them, with ty thing- 
men above as well as below to note all graceless irreverence and 
levity, especially in the youthful portion of the congregation. 

The pulpit was at the end of the broad aisle, on the north side next 
the wall, with a capacious sounding-board raised over it, so high that 
in after years it was ordered by the town meeting to be placed lower, 
if those who wished for the change "would pay the expense of mak- 
ing it." By the side of the pulpit, and leading into it, was a flight 
of "Hansom stairs" such being the kind voted by the town. Im- 
mediately in front of the pulpit was the deacon's seat, where, accord- 
ing to the usages and established proprieties of those times, Deacons 
Patch, Cumings, Boynton and Worcester, in their small clothes, long 
hose, knee and shoe buckles, took their seats as models of gravity 
and decorum to all the lay members of the congregation. 

M Cleanliness" was said, very long ago, to be "next to godli- 
ness," and cleanliness in respect to the care of their meeting-house 
was cultivated by our worthy forefathers as if it ranked among the 
christian graces. At each annual town-meeting a special officer was 
chosen to take the care of the meeting-house for the ensuing year. 
The following extract from the town-record of 1773, furnishes an ex- 
ample of these appointments, and of the duties expected of the officer : 
n Edward Carter chosen to take care of the . Meeting House & He 
is to keep it well swept and clean ; To open and shut the Doors in 
Good Season, and Shovel the Snow from the Doors, and Shovell 
Paths from the Doors to the Horse Blocks, and clean the Horse- 
Blocks well. He is to have Eighteen Shillings if done to the ac- 
ceptance of the Town — if not, to have Nothing." 

This picture of this ancient edifice cannot be truthfully embellished 
with stair or floor carpets, or with wood or coal furnaces, or with any 
other modern inventions for warming churches in winter. The only 
implement or convenience for this purpose then in use in country 
meeting-houses, was the little tin portable foot stove, with its basin 
for coals and ashes, which the younger members of the congregation 
were educated to carry to meeting in their hands for the use and 
comfort of their parents and seniors. Even this was an indulgence 
that does not seem to have been favored, as is evident from a vote 
of the town, at the March meeting in 1776, of which a record was 
made in the following words : 

" Voted that all Stoves that shall be left in the Meeting House 
Shall be forfeited to the Saxton, Mr. John Atwell & he may sell 
them if the owner shall refuse to pay him \ a Pistareen for the first 
offence & Dohle that sum for the second offence, and the said Atwell 
Shall return the overplus after he is paid for his trouble for the use 
of the Poor of the Pariah." 

Nor arc we at liberty to garnish our picture witli an organ, mclo- 



1874.] The Early History of Htflis, JSF. E. 267 

deon, bass viol, or with a quartette, duet or other choir of trained 
vocal singers. All these aids and accompaniments of modern con- 
gregational worship were then unknown. Yet this part of the public 
devotional exercises was by no means omitted or neglected, and the 
singing is believed to have been quite as solemn as any portion of 
the religious exercises of that day or even of the present time. 

Whether a psalm were selected from Sternhold and Hopkins, or 
a hymn from Dr. Walts, it was slowly read by the minister, one or 
at most two lines at a time, and sung by the congregation as read 
from the pulpit. When the minister had read from the book : 
"Hark from the tombs a doleful sound," or " My drowsy powers, why 
sleep ye so ? " he was expected to take a rest till the whole congre- 
gation had sung those lines before he should read the next. The 
congregation in this way would be quite sure to have some concep- 
tion of the ideas intended to be conveyed by the words of the hymn, 
a matter very certain not to be true in the ordinary opera performances 
of the modern quartette. 

The first reference to be found to a choir of singers in the town- 
records is in the doings of the annual meeting in 1767. The town 
then "Voted, that those Persons that have taken pains to instruct 
themselves in Singing may have the two fore Seats below on the mens 
Side." The next notice we find of singers and singing is in the pro- 
ceedings of the annual meeting in 1784. It was then voted, "That 
12 feet of the hind body Seats below next the Broad Aisle be ap- 
propriated to the use of Singers on condition that "a certain number 
of them will give the Glass necessary to repair the windows." And 
lastly, in the year 1788, it was voted, "That the Ground now occupied 
by Singers shall not be appropriated to any other use, and that the 
Singers may be allowed to Sing once a day without reading." 

This seems to have been a final and decisive triumph on the part 
of the choir. Thenceforth it not only secured toleration from the 
town-meeting, but approved recognition as a fitting adjunct of public 
worship, and a place to sit and stand in the church without the con- 
dition to pay for it in mending broken windows. At length, and 
before the end of the century, the choir was promoted to conspicuous 
seats fitted up specially for it in the front gallery, where it might 
sing its paeans of victory, and its songs of praise and devotion might 
be heard, till this venerable second meeting-house, having stood for 
nearly sixty years, at last fell before the hand of time and modern in- 
novation, and the edifice where we have now met was erected upon 
the same hallowed ground. 

Here my sketches of the Early History of Hollis must for the pre- 
sent close, with many thanks to my audience for their indulgence, 
and for the kind forbearance with which I have been listened to so 
patiently and so long. 

In these imperfect sketches of the history of Hollis before the 
revolution, none of you can be more conscious than I am of many 



268 The Garrison Houses of York, Me. [July, 

matters which it would be interesting to us all to know, and of which 
I ought to have spoken, had I time and you patience. 

Among these matters is the true original name of the town, the 
original act incorporating it, and the many other acts of the general 
court, making changes in its boundaries, and the earnest and violent 
controversies connected with several of these changes ; the names at 
least of the early town officers and magistrates ; the school laws, 
school houses, and schools of those times, and the way they were 
supported ; notices of the old French War, in which Quebec and 
Canada were taken, and of the soldiers furnished by Hollis in that 
war ; somewhat of the history of the church, the laying out and mak- 
ing the first public roads, and the erection of the first bridges, espe- 
cially across the Nashua river, with some other matters of inter- 
est or curiosity. 

The revolutionary history of Hollis, as it is now found in the 
town-records, and other original documents, is in the highest degree 
honorable to the men and women of those times. It presents a re- 
cord of which all their descendants may well be proud. There is 
not a page of it that one of them would wish to efface, or the record 
of a fact that they would desire to blot. These records on this sub- 
ject are said to be more complete than those of any other town in the ■ 
county, and they ought to be carefully preserved and in some way 
perpetuated, as lessons in virtue, in patriotism and fidelity to the 
cause of liberty, to those that may come after us. 



THE GARRISON HOUSES OF YORK, MAINE. 

By Commodore Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N. 

MR. SEW ALL, in his " Ancient Dominions of Maine," says that 
the inhabitants of Maine " left to their own resources adopted 
a system of defence, founded on the structure of garrison houses." 
These were constructed of timber, rectangular in shape, bullet proof 
and pierced with port-holes from angular projections. Coverts and 
sentryposts generally surmounted the corner elevations, which com- 
manded every approach. They were often stockaded, and usually 
crowned some height or crested some land swell in the centre of a 
considerable clearing, so that environing thickets and copses of wood 
could not be made a covert to the prowling savage. 

Here the families of the hamlet, on hearing the report of the alarm 
guns, gathered under the guard of their fathers, brothers, and 
neighbors ; the women often acting the part of guardsmen day and 
night, while the men in detachments went to their clearings to sow 
and reap, one of whom stood sentinel, while the others wrought, by 
turns, every man armed. 1 

1 Scwall's Anc. Dom. of Maine ; Maine His. Coll., v. 



270 The Garrison Houses ^of York, Me. [July, 

Somewhere between 1640 and 16G0, four of these garrison houses 
were built in York, two of which, still standing, are correctly repre- 
sented in our engraving, 1 which was drawn by the distinguished 
artist Frank S. Church, of New York, in the summer of 1872. 
Mr. N. G. Marshall, of York, writes me that the sketches are ex- 
cellent ; that he accompanied Mr. Church, who was a guest at his 
house, and pointed out to him the localities. 

York was early divided into two parishes, the seaboard and the 
interior. The latter has always been known as, and is still called, 
Scotland Parish, from having been principally settled by Scotch 
emigrants. Among the first settlers, were persons named Maxwell, 
Meinour, Mclntire, Junkins, and Grant. The garrison houses of 
our sketch are situated in this parish, and are owned by two descend- 
ants of the aliove named settlers and representatives of their names. 

Williamson, in his History of Maine, gives us the following ac- 
count of the destruction of Yorkin 1G92, by the Indians, and of the 
importance of these garrison houses as means of defence. 

" Early in the morning of Monday, Feb. 5, 1G02, at the signal of a gun 
fired, the town was furiously assaulted at different places, by a body of two 
or three hundred Indians, led on and emboldened by several Canadian 
Frenchmen ; all of them having taken up their march thither upon snow 
shoes. The surprise of the town was altogether unexpected and amazing, 
and consequently the more fatal. A scene of most horrid carnage and cap- 
ture instantly ensued ; and in one half hour, more than an hundred and 
sixty of the inhabitants were expiring victims, or trembling suppliants at 
the feet of their enraged enemies. The rest had the good fortune to escape 
with their lives, into Preble's, Ilarman's, Alcock's and Norton's garrisoned 
houses, the best fortifications in town. Though well secured within the 
walls, and bravely defending themselves against their assailants, they were 
several times summoned to surrender : ' Never,' said they, * never, till we 
have shed the last drop of blood.' About 75 of the people were killed ; 
yet despairing of conquest or capitulation, the vindictive destroyers set fire 
to nearly all the unfortified houses on the northeast side of the river; 
which with a large amount of property left, besides the plunder taken, were 
laid in ashes. Apprehensive of being overtaken by avenging pursuers, they 
hastened their retreat into the woods ; taking with them as much booty as 
they could carry away, and, as Doct. Mather says, * near an hundred of that 
unhappy people,' prisoners. Nay, it was now their hard destiny to enter 
upon a long journey amidst a thousand hardships and sufferings, aggravated 
by severe weather, snow, famine, abuse, and every species of wretchedness. 

" About one half of the inhabitants, it is supposed, were either slain or 
carried away captive. Mr. Dummer was found, by some of his surviv- 
ing neighbors, fallen dead upon his face, near his own door ; being shot, 
as he was about starting on horseback to make a pastoral visit. ***** 
His wife, the daughter of Edward Rishworth, 3 Esq., was among the cap- 
tives, who being heart broken, and exhausted with fatigue, soon sank in 
death." An instance of Indian gratitude shines brightly out in the midst 

1 We arc indebted to the generosity of the Elgin "Watch Company for the use of this en- 
graving. — [Editor of Register.] 

8 For names of others of the llishworth family taken captiyu in 1C92, sec ante, page 1G0. 
— -[Editok of Rechsxeb.1 



1874.] The Garrison Houses of York, Me. 271 

of the desolation of their war path at York. " To recompense the English 
for sparing the lives of four or five Indian females, and their brood of chil- 
dren, at Pejipscot, they dismissed some elderly women and several children 
between the ages of three and seven years, and returned them safely to one 
of the garrison houses." 1 " One of these children was the afterward famous 
Col. Jeremiah Moulton, who died 17 G5." " A party instantly rallied at 
Portsmouth, as soon as the news reached that place, and went in pursuit of 
the enemy ; too late, however, to effect the rescue of the prisoners, or to give 
the savages battle. In derision of the puritan ministers, toward whom the 
Indians entertained the greatest antipathy, one of them, on a Sunday of their 
march through the wilderness, dressed himself in the ministerial attire of 
Mr. Dummer, and in mock dignity stalked among the prisoners, several of 
whom were members of his church.'" 

The Junkins Garrison was built somewhere near 1650. "The 
first record we have," Mr. Marshall writes me, " is the house of one 
Robert Gunkiri. whose name subsequently appears as Junkins. This 
garrison house has never been out of the name of Junkins since it 
was built. Some of the descendants who live away own the farm 
and house. They rent the farm, and the garrison has been used as 
a hen house, or rather that part of it which was in early times called 
the best room in the house. The original doors and panel work are 
Btanding in some parts of this room, and in the front entry. In 
early times the locality was a noted one. The house stands on a 
hill, about one-fourth of a mile from York river, on the easterly side 
of the river, from which there is an uninterrupted view to the river 
in front, and on either hand for upward of a mile ; while in the 
rear it is mountainous in a measure. None of the red men there- 
fore could approach without being observed, except in the rear. 
This rear part is windowless, but had port holes cut through the tim- 
ber forming the side of the building, in the second story, from which 
a view in the rear could be obtained. 

The county road, leading from York to South Berwick, leads by 
this garrison, between it and the river, as it also does by the Mc- 
Intire garrison, but the latter is between the road and the river. 
Directly opposite the Junkins House is the site of the second Con- 
gregational meeting-house in York, whose first preacher was Joseph 
Moody, son of the eccentric and well-known " Father Moody." The 
meeting-house stood close to the highway. The Junkins garrison is 
on the opposite side, some fifty feet from the highway. Between 
the house and highway one of the Junkins family had his graveyard. 
When asked why he had put it in such a position, he is said to have 
replied, that, when he was buried, he wanted to be where he could 
hear Parson Hemmingway preach on Sunday mornings. Hemming- 
way was Moody's successor. Moody's house was also just across 
the road, and in 1850 was occupied by his grandson of the same 
name, Joseph Moody. 

Brig. Gen. Jedediah Preble, on the 21st of March, 1733, was 

1 Williamson's His. of Maine, i. 629-630. a Ibid. 



272 Nantucket in th& Revolution. [July, 

married by the Rev. Joseph Moody to his first wife Martha, daugh- 
ter of Alexander Junkins. His young bride, who was then only 
eighteen or nineteen years of age, was born in the Junkins garrison ; 
and beyond a doubt the wedding festivities were held within its 
timber walls, probably in the best room, now, alas, a hen house ! 
She died in 1753, after twenty years of wedded life, and was buried 
in Falmouth ; the grandfather of Longfellow, the poet, officiating 
as one of her pall-bearers. 

The McIntihe Garrison is in a much better state of preserva- 
tion than the Junkins house. The date of its erection is not known, 
but it was probably built by the first Mclntire who emigrated to 
America during the protectorate of Cromwell. Mclntire was a firm 
adherent of the king, and was banished from the kingdom. The old 
house, with its projection of the second story, is built of timber. 
There has b~en, as shown in the engraving, a modern addition 
made to the house, which is not constructed of timber, and 
has no projection of the second story. Its present owner is 
John Mclntire, a wealthy gentleman, who occupied it until very re- 
cently. Having built himself a new and more modern mansion, it 
is now the residence of his sister, Miss Mclntire. 

In 1747, Paul, eldestson of Capt. Caleb Preble, married Dorothy, 
the daughter of Capt. Alex. Mclntire, one of the daughters of this 
house. It is believed none of their descendants are living. The 
first Mclntire was named Micum, whom tradition represents as 
strong, athletic and muscular, — a very son of Anak as to size. The 
rude settlers of those times had their occasional sprees, frolics and 
quarrels. A dim recollection of one of these quarrels is preserved 
in the following stanza : 

" And there was Micum Mclntire, 
"With his great foot and hand ; 
He kicked and cuffed Sam Freathy so, 
He could neither go nor stand." 



D 



NANTUCKET IN THE REVOLUTION. 

By Alexander Starbuck, Esq., of Waltham. 

URING the long and trying scenes of the American Revolu- 
tion there was no lack of querulous spirits, eager to assert their 
own patriotism at the expense of that of their neighbors, eager to 
build up their own loyalty on the ruins of that of their fellow- 
citizens, and thus many a man was denounced, accused, imprisoned 
and tried on whose garments the smell of fire could not be found. 
Few people suffered as much, and certainly none in Massachusetts 
suffered more from this denunciation than the inhabitants of the 



1874.] Nantucket in the Revolution. 273 

island of Nantucket. Nor was the condemnation limited to indivi- 
duals, — it extended to the people at large ; with how much of justice 
it is the purpose of this paper to represent. 

Immediately prior to the commencement of the struggle for inde- 
pendence, the town of Sherburne, 1 then the third town in impor- 
tance in the state, possessed a fleet of over 150 vessels, measuring 
in gross over 14,8 G7 tons, and principally engaged in the whale 
fishery. The population of the town at that time was nearly 5,000, 
and scarcely a man, woman or child but derived their support direct- 
ly or indirectly from the business of whaling. Merchants, black- 
smiths, coopers, boat-builders, riggers, sailmakers, oil and candle 
manufacturers, carpenters, seamen, and similar intertwining occupa- 
tions, each in a measure dependent upon the other for its advance- 
ment, and all dependent upon whaling for their existence, these 
constituted the bulk of the dwellers there. The situation of the 
island was peculiarly unfortunate. Lying at a distance of thirty 
miles from the main land ; the greater portion of its surface sterile ; 
a majority of its inhabitants members of the Society of Friends, and 
hence from principle unable to bear arms even to defend themselves ; 
exposed to the inroads of either belligerent that passed, and power- 
less for their own defence; neither party able to protect them, 
but both levying upon them, the one by taxes and restrictions, the 
other by open depredations ; cut off from the chief market for their 
products ; compelled to import the wood they burned and the food 
they ate ; their vessels taken indiscriminately by either party ; 2 they 
were compelled to drag through the weary length of years from 
1774 to 1783 with starvation, ruin and desolation continually staring 
them in the face : a fate bad enough in itself and worthy of commise- 
ration, without having added to it the malignant slanders of their 
defamer8. 

One of the earliest acts particularly affecting Nantucket, was the 
passage, by the English Parliament, in 1774, of an act called " The 
Massachusetts Bay Kestraining Bill," the operation of which was to 
prevent trade to any save British ports, and to prohibit the New- 
foundland and other American fisheries. A petition being presented 
by English Friends (or Quakers), representing the bad effect of this 
rigorous law upon Nantucket, the island was exempted from its pro- 
visions. This exception was then taken up by the continental con- 
gress, and an act was passed by it for the purpose of preventing the 
Newfoundland fishery from being supplied with provisions through 
Nantucket, prohibiting the exportation of provision from any of the 
colonies, save that of Massachusetts Bay, to the island. This in 
itself was very well, but it was supplemented by the passage of a 

1 So called prior to 1795 ; subsequently to that, Nantucket. 

1 An uncle of the writer commanding a small sloop was captured by the Hampden, pri- 
vateer, and sent into Salem. On the way he was a^ain captured by an English vessel, and 
carried into Halifax, where ho died in the gaol in 1778. 

vol. xxviii. 24* 



274 Nantucket in the^ Revolution. [July, 

resolve by the provincial congress — as our state government was 
then called — on the 7th of July, 1775, — "That no provisions or 
necessaries of any kind be exported from any part of this colony to 
the Island of Nantucket untill the inhabitants of said Island shall 
have given full, & sufficient satisfaction to this Congress, or some 
future house of Representatives, that the provisions they have 
now by them has not been, & shall not be expended in foreign, but 
for domestic consumption." 1 Of course the natural effect of this 
act and resolve was to kill the Newfoundland fishery, and to knock 
from beneath the house of our islanders one of its props, — to take 
away one of the means whereby they lived. 

Early in their session the provincial congress passed a resolve 
directing the various towns of the colony to choose men to represent 
them at the general court. 2 This the people of Nantucket believed, 
if done, would be only inviting their own destruction. Accordingly 
the selectmen drew up and sent to the general court the following 
petition. 3 

" To the General Court or Assembly of the Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay : — 

" The Memorial of the [Select Men of the Town of Sherburn on the 
Island of Nantucket at the request of a number of the Inhabitants thereof 
Sheweth. — 

" That we duly ree'd a precept from the Provincial Congress directing 
that this town should choose some person, to represent them at a General 
Assembly to be conven'd at Watertown on the 19 th Instant, but we appre- 
hend your Wisdom, Justice & humanity, would not willingly point out any 
measure, that might prove destructive in its consequences to us ; which wo 
have reason to believe would be the case were we to act in this respect. — 
Our local situation is peculiar, and our circumstances in several respects 
different from any other place in America. — 

" placed on an Island, detach'd at least Thirty miles from any part of the 
Continent, whose production is insutlicient to supply one third part of its 
Inhabitants with the Necessaries of life, and laying open to any Naval power, 
to stop all supplies with a small armed force by sea, the only channel by 
which we can receive them ; The Inhabitants are the greater part, of the 
people call'd Quakers, whose well known principles of* Religion, will not 
admit of their taking up arms in a military way in any case whatever ; all 
these circumstances consider'd we hope will influence you, to advise us to 
pursue such measures, as to avoid giving any just occasion of offence to our 
fellow subject on this, or the other side of the Atlantic, this conduct we 
have endeavor'd to pursue, ever since the commencement of the unhappy 
troubles now subsisting ; which we view with anxious concern, and heartily 
desire, that a speedy & lasting reconciliation may take place, to the mutual 
benefit of both, — if any reports have reach'd you, that may have appeared 
unfavourable, in respect to any supplies having gone from this place to the 
British Fisheries, or any other way to the prejudice of this Country, you 
may be assured they are without the least foundation, & wo fear are calcu- 

1 Records of Prov. Cong., Vol. 32, page 300. 
3 Orders for Election issued Juno 19, 1775. 
3 Petitions, Vol. 180, p. 8G. 



1874.] JSFantitclcet in th& Revolution, 275 

lated by designing men, to set us in an unfavourable light, but we are ready- 
to meet our accusers when called upon, & undergo the strictest examina- 
tion. — 

"as we have now laid before you nothing but real facts, which we are 
ready to support, we hope your humanity will point out some way for open- 
ing the common channels, for the proper supply of the necessaries of life, 
which have lately been interrupted, we beg leave to refer you to the bear- 
ers hereof 1 for any further information, who we have desired to wait on 
you with the same, — and are 

respectfully Your Friends 

Batch" Hussey, Joseph Barnard, 

Stephen Paddock, Rich'd Mitchell, Jr. 
Siiubael Barnard, Stephen IIussey." 
" Nantucket, July 14, 1775. 

This was certified to by James Bowdoin. 

The committee appointed to consider the petition made the fol- 
lowing report : — 

" The Committee appointed by the house to consider the foregoing Peti- 
tion have attended that Service and heard the bearers of the s d Petition 
respecting the matters set forth in the same and your Com tee freely report 
that they are fully satisfied that the inhabitants of Nantucket have dono 
Nothing at affording supplies to the British fisheries nor to our enemies at 
Boston. But whether it is expedient that this court should pass an act or 
resolve for the Respecting the resolution of last Congress bearing date the 
seventh of July last 2 your committee are not satisfied and beg leave to 
wholly submit the Propriety thereof to the wisdom of the house. 

Joseph Hawley p r Order." 

This report was ordered to lie on the table, the court probably 
doubting the propriety, rather than the necessity, of invidious legis- 
lation. 

Thus it will be seen that the calumniators early commenced their 
work of detraction, and the passage of the restraining resolve was 
the legitimate effect of their efforts. To their malicious reports, 
and to the necessity of this resolve, the petition is a sufficient 
answer. 

On the 16th of August, 1775, the general court passed another 
resolve, directing " that from and after the 15th Day of August in- 
stant, no Ship or Vessel should sail out of any port of this Colony, 
on any whaling voyage whatever, without leave first had and obtained 
from the Great and General Court of this Colony, or from some 
Committee or Committees of persons they shall appoint to grant 
such leave." This was, on the 24th of the same month, amended 
60 as to constitute the major part of the council a committee to issue 

1 It is a matter of great regret that, by the calamitous fire of July, 184G, the town re- 
cords of Nantucket were completely destroyed; hence nearly all our information, of an 
official or documentary nature, is derived from the records in the office of the secreta- 
ry of state. The names of " the bearers hereof" are, with a vast quantity more of histo- 
rical material, gone beyond recovery. 

2 The- " Restraining " Act. 



276 Nantucket in the^ Revolution. [July> 

such permits, during the recess of the general court, under certain 
restrictions, and upon good and sufficient security being given that 
these restrictions should be faithfully complied with. 1 On the 30th 
of the same month we find petitions from Francis Rotch, of Dart- 
mouth, and Aaron Lopez, of Rhode Island, for permission to des- 
patch their vessels on whaling voyages. In response to which the 
court passed the following order. 

" That the said Francis Rotch, & Aaron Lopez have permission to put 
to sea the Vessel! s in which they are Interested, on a "Whaling Voyage, with 
such provisions and Stores as are Suitable for that purpose, they giving bond, 
with Sufficient Surety, to the Treasurer of this Colony for the time being, 
in the penal sum of Two Thousand pounds for each of the said Vessells, that 
all the Oyl and bone by them taken in the course of the said voyage shall 
be brought into, & landed in some port or harbour in this Colony, such as 
they may chuse^ except the Ports of Boston & Nantuckett." 2 

After the evacuation of Boston by the British it ceased to be an 
interdicted port. Here then was another blow at the vital interests 
of Nantucket. It may have been considered an act of necessity on 
the part of the state, but its working, so far as Nantucket was con- 
cerned, could not fail to be disastrous. The natural sequence was 
that whaling as a business became a thing of the past, and the 
wharves and shores were lined with dismantled vessels, uselessly 
decaying. Occasionally a few vessels, by permission of the coun- 
cil, ventured out, but it was only to make poor voyages, to 
carry oil where it had no market, or more frequently to fall a prize 
to the contestant that first overhauled them. 

The petition of July 14th not proving efficacious in removing the 
disabilities under which the Islanders were placed, and the inconve- 
nience of which was assuming serious proportions, they addressed 
another to the court, bearing date Sept. 14, 1775, as follows : 5 

" To the General Court or Assembly of the Colony of the Massachusetts 
Bay held at Watertown. 

"The petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Sherburne on the Island 
of Nantucket, in behalf and at the request of many of the Inhabitants 
thereof, sheweth 

" That your Petitioners some time pass'd presented their Memorial to 
you in General Court assembled, representing among other things, 
their apprehensions that some designing men had made false representa- 
tions of the Inhabitants of this Island ; which probably produe'd the Resolve 
of the late Provincial Congress, forbidding all necessary supplies being 
brought to this place, and notwithstanding we hop'd those misrepresenta- 
tions had been in a good measure clear'd up to your satisfaction, yet we find 
the Resolve still remains in force, & a strict adherence is paid thereto, 
— therefore we desire you would take the matter into your serious con- 
sideration, and remit the severity of s d Resolve, so far as to suffer the Ne- 

1 Jtevol. Council Papers, Vol. 164, p. 17. 
1 Rcvol. Council Papers, Vol. 164, p. 17. 
' Petitions, Vol. 180, p. 132. 



Select? 



1874.] Nantucket in the ^Revolution. 277 

cessaries of life to be brought us, for the use of our domestic concerns, & 
likewise for the Whale fishery so far as we shall obtain permission to pro- 
secute that branch of business — we remain — 

with respect y r Friends — 

Stephen Paddock, 
Siiubael Barnard, 
Batch' Hdssey, 
Joseph Barnard, 
"Nantucket, Sept. 14, 1775. 

The committee on this petition reported a resolve, which was 
passed, authorizing the committee of correspondence for the town of 
Falmouth (which town is throughout this paper to be considered in 
Barnstable county) to grant permits to the inhabitants of the island 
to purchase supplies, said permits to specify the quantity each per- 
son had liberty to purchase. 1 The resolve also made of the neigh- 
boring committees a species of spies to watch over the Islanders, 
that they turned not aside from the paths of rectitude. 

Later in the year 1775 these hostile reports had reached the ear 
of Gov. Trumbull, of Connecticut, from whence many of the sup- 
plies for Nantucket came, and he wrote to the government of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay in reference thereto. A committee of both houses 
was appointed to take the subject into consideration, and the follow- 
ing resolve was the result. 2 

" In Council Dec* 9 th 1775. 

" Whereas Representation has been made to this Court that supplies of 
Provisions (more than are necessary for Internal Consumption & for such 
voyages as may be prosecuted, consistent with the Resolves of Congress & 
the Gen 1 Assembly of this Colony) lately have been shipped from this & 
y e neighbouring Colonies for y e Islands of Nantucket & Marthas Vineyard, 
and there is great reason to suspect that the Inhabitants of the said Island 
of Nantucket have abused the Indulgence of this Court by supplying our 
Enemies with such provisions &c. as were admitted to be Transported to 
them for their Internal Consumption only. 

" Resolved That y e Committee of Correspondence" for y e Town of Fal- 
mouth in y e County of Barnstable be & they hereby are directed forthwith 
to return to this Court a true Copy upon Oath of all permits which they 
have granted to the Inhabitants of Nantucket or any other person or per- 
sons in their behalf for obtaining provision from y e Inhabitants of this & 
y° neighbouring Colonies to Supply s d Inhabitants of Nantucket, and to 
suspend granting any permits in future to the said Inhabitants or any per- 
son in their behalf till the further order of this Court. & y e Selectmen of 
the Town of Sherburne on the Island of Nantucket as also of each Town 
on Marthas Vineyard are directed forthwith to make Strict Enquiry into 
y* Importation of provisions into their respective Towns since y e 28 th Sep r 
last & of all provisions now in s d Towns & to make Return thereof on Oath 

1 The report of the committee of Falmouth, dated Oct. 2, 1775, gives names of 58 per- 
sons to whom permits had been given, covering 4560 bbls. flour, 2017 cords of wood, 7000 
bu. grain, besides meat, cattle, cheese, butter, leather, tlax, &c. &e. It must be borne in 
mind that these provisions were not only for the needs of those residing on the Island, 
but out of them ships must be equipped for their voyages of a year or more. 

\ Resolves, Vol. 207, p. 261. 



278 Nantucket in the Revolution. [July, 

to this Court as soon as may be ; s & y e Inhabitants of this Colony & of y 8 
other united Colonies are desired to withhold further supplies of provisions 
fuel or other Necessaries from s d Islands untill y e further Recommendation 
of this Court & y e Printers of y e Colonies afores'd are respectfully desired 
to cause this Resolve to be inserted in their Newspapers." 

The action of this resolve in the case of Nantucket soon began to 
be severely felt, and early in January, 1776, the selectmen sent the 
following memorial. 2 

" To the General Court or Assembly of the Colony of the Massachusetts 
Bay. — The Memorial of the Selectmen of the Town of Sherborn on the 
Island of Nantucket at the Request of a number of the Inhabitants. — 

" Your Memorialists are deeply Concern'd to find that there is a Resolve 
of the General Assembly of this Colony, forbiding any Importation of Fuel 
or Provisions into this Town and that it is Recommended to the United 
Colonies to afford no further supplys by reason as we apprehend of some 
Misrepresentation being made of our past Conduct.* 

" Your Memorialists beg leave further to Represent, that such restraint, 
will in its operation in a very short time subject the Inhabitants to Extreme 
Distress as there is already great Complaint for want of Fuel and other 
Necessarys. Numbers of Familys begin to feel the pressing Calls of Hunger 
and want. Therefore your Memorialists Beg your Attention to a Resolve of 
the Continental Congress of the Eleventh of December last founded in 
Humanity as they say ; pointing out the Necessaty of s d Town being fur- 
ther Supplyed through a Committee of tins Colony. Your Memorialists 
therefore humbly request that s d Restraint recommended to the other Colo- 
nies may be RecalFd or otherwise as in your Wisdom shall think proper 
and are Respectfully, Your Friends 

josiah barker, 
Batch' Hussey, 
Shubael Barnard, 
Rich. Mitchell, Jr. 
Stephen Hussey." 
"Nantucket, 16 January, 1776. 

The committee appointed on this petition reported " that a Repre- 
sentation of the present State of that Island and of the conduct of the 
Inhabitants, be made to the American Congress, and that the In- 
habitants be supplied with Necessaries for their Subsistence in the 
manner directed by a Resolve of the Congress, untill their determina- 
tion on such Representation may be had." This resolve was passed. 

To be continued.] 

1 The return of the selectmen as by the above requisition, dated Jan. 16, 1776, and run- 
ning from Sept. 28, 1775, to that time, gives a list of 25 parties, who had imported pro- 
visions, &c, to the amount of 665 bbls. beef, 197 bbls. pork, 1480 bbls. flour, 158 cwt. 
bread, 9610 lbs. butter, 19,952 lbs. cheese, wheat, lard, cattle, &c. &c. And the provisions 
on hand at the above date (Jan. 16), as nearly as could be ascertained, were 300 bbls. beef, 
160 do. pork, 800 do. flour, 120 cwt broad, 3000 lbs. butter, 12,000 do. cheese, wheat, lard, 
and about 6000 bu. corn. 

2 Petitions, Vol. 180, p. 285. 

3 A fault with revolutions would seem to be a tendency to condemn and execute, and, 
if there be a trial, to have that come next. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 279 



EAELY BELLS OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

By Elbridge H. Goss, Esq. of Melrose. 
[Continued from p. 184.] 

Cambridge. 1631. Called Newtown until 1638, when, "in com- 
pliment to the college, and in memory of the place where many of our 
fathers received their education," it was called Cambridge. The first 
mention of any bell in use in Massachusetts, occurs in the history of 
this town. 1 Prince says that in 1632, "the first house for public 
worship at Newtown, with a bell upon it," was built ; and Holmes 
states that the town records confirm this statement, and that the 
town meetings were then called by the ringing of the bell. For 
some reason, not known, a drum was afterward substituted, as 
is shown by Johnson in ""Wonder Working Providence," when, in 
1636, on approaching the town, a drum was heard calling the people 
to meeting, and in 1646 the records ordered a payment of fifty shil- 
lings to a man for his services to the town, in beating the drum. 

Two years later, 1648, they had a bell again, for it was ordered 
" That there shall be an eight peny ordnary provided for the Towns- 
men [selectmen] every second munday of the month upon there 
meeteing day ; and that whosoever of the Townsmen faile to be 
present within half an houre of the ringing of the bell (which shall 
be half anhoure after eleven of the clocke) he shall both lose lus dinner, 
and pay a pint of sacke, or the value, to the present Townsmen." A 
bell was given by Capt. Andrew Belcher, in 1700, at which time 
the town gave " the little meeting-house bell to the farmers," or 
Lexington. 

The third chime of bells introduced into Massachusetts, was placed 
in the tower of Grace Church, Cambridge, in 1860; being chimed 
for the first time on Easter Sunday. 8 

'The earliest mention of any bell in America, that I have seen, ocenrs in William Strachy's 
" A true rcportory of the wracke, and redemption of Sir Thomas Gates Knight; vpon, and 
from the Hands of the Bermudas," as given in "Purchas His Pilgrimes," London, 1625, vol. 
iv. p. 1748. Having built two vessels, the largest of eighty tons, Sir Thomas Gates, Sir 
George Somers and the rest of the wrecked colonists, sailed from the Bermudas, and arrived 
safely in the James River. " From Hence in two dayes (only by the hclpe of Tydes, no 
winde stirring) wee plyed it sadly vp the Riuer, and the three and twentieth of May [1010] 
we cast Anchor befor lames Towne, where we landed, and our much gricued Gouernour 
first visiting the Church [a rude church of logs covered with rafters, sedge and earth, says 
Neill, in his History of the Virginia Company of London], caused the Bell to be rung, at 
which (all such as were able to come forth of their houses) repayred to Church where our 
Minister Master Bucke made a zealous and sorrowfull Prayer, finding all things so contrary 
to our expectations, so full of misery and misgouernment." 

2 This chime consists of thirteen bells, as follows: D, weight 3,108 pounds; E, 2,187; 
F#, 1,023 ; G, 1,381 ; A, 969 ; B, 658 ; C, 614 ; C#, 517 ; D, 427 ; D#, 367 ; E, 382 ; F#, 228 ; 
and G, 200 : a total of 12,661 pounds. They were cast by Messrs. Henry N. Hooper & Co., — 
the predecessors of Messrs. William Blake & Co.,— at a cost of about $5,000, which sum 
was raised by subscription. Mr. Henry P. Munroe first chimed these bells, and still con- 
tinues to do so, although advanced in years, lame, and almost blind. He was instrumental 
in obtaining them for Cambridge, and they are great favorites of his. By his exertions, 



280 Early Bells of Massachusetts, [July, 

Ipswich. 1633. So named "in acknowledgment of the great 
honor and kindness done to our people which took shipping there, " 
says Winthrop. Indian name, Agawam. It had a bell as early as 
1659, as provision was made to have it rung every evening at nine 
o'clock. In 1716, it was customary to ring the bell each day at five 
o'clock in the morning; and in 1827, at twelve o'clock noon, for 
dinner. In 1731, the "Hamlet," afterward Hamilton, appropriated 
£60 in bills of credit for the purchase of a bell in England, to weigh . i 

300 pounds or upward. This arrived the following year, and while 
the belfry was being prepared for it, it was "hung on a pine tree to 
the northeast of the meeting-house." 

Hingham. 1633. Named from Hingham, co. Norfolk, whence 
most of its early settlers came. The first meeting-house, erected soon 
after its settlement, had a bell upon it, and when the second house 
was built, — and which is still standing and the oldest meeting-house in y 

the United States, — the selectmen were ordered to provide a new 
bell, and " they are to get one as big againe as the old one was if it 
may be had." A bell was then procured, as is seen by the following 
receipt : 

"Boston, Jan. 8, 1680-1. 

" Heed of Mr. Daniel dishing in money five pounds four shillings in full 
for a bell sold him and Capt. Ilubard. I say Reed by me. 

Tno. Clakke." 

In 1733, a new bell was purchased, which was not quite satis- 
factory, as a committee was chosen to obtain a " new toung for the 
Bell, or to enlarge or lengthen the present." Various votes concern- 
ing the bell appear in the years 1752, '65, '83, '93, and 1818, when 
the old bell was either recast or a new one purchased. In 1822, the 
bell now in use on this old meeting-house was bought. It weighs 
1,537 pounds, and was placed in the belfry July 26, 1822, where it 
has been hanging for more than half a century. 

Malden. 1634. Named from a town in England, where we 
find Maiden in Surrey, Maldon in Essex, and Maulden in Bedford. v 

the number of bells was increased from eight, as at first proposed, to thirteen, in order that 
the thirteen original states might bo represented. From him these items concerning them 
have mostly been obtained. The " Gloria in Excelsis," of the Episcopal service, in Latin 
text, with old English letter, is inscribed on the thirteen bells, commencing with a portion 
of it on the largest, D, and ending with the " Amen, Amen," on the smallest, G. In addi- 
tion to this, on the largest bell, D, is the following :— 

" Let the name of Mr. Thomas Dowse, of Cambridge, be remembered. ' The liberal man , 

deviseth liberal things.' " M 

Mr. Dowse left #1,000 for any public improvement. His executors gave #500 toward 
this chime, and #500 for an illuminated clock. On the next bell, E, is the following, in 
Latin, commemorative of the " Society for]the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts : " 

" In Memoriam Beneficiorum Illustrissimaj Soc. Angl. De Promovendo Evang. in partibus 
transmarinis Institute." 

On the next bell, F#, is the following :—>" Eclesiae Prim© Episcopali Cantabrigiae, in Nov 
Anglia, Me Libere Donavit Edvardus Cahill. Londinensis. 

A.D. 1700. 
Recast A.D., 1831. *. 

Itecast in the Chime, A.D. 1859." 

The original bell, given in 1760, weighed over 800 pounds ; present weight, 1,023 pounds. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 281 

It had no Indian name, but was known as "Mystic-Side" before its 
incorporation in 1649. Maiden had a bell as early as 1658, as is 
seen by the third and fourth articles of the contract for building the 
first meeting-house, which was made "betweene Job Lane of Maiden 
on the one partie, carpenter, and William Brakenbury, Lieut. John 
AYayte, Ensigne J. Sprague, and Thomas Green, Senior, Selectmen 
of Maiden, on the behalf of the towne on the other partie, as fol- 
loweth :" "3. The roofe to be covered with boards and short shing- 
lings with a territt on the topp about six foot squar, to hang the bell 
in with rayles about it : the floor to be made tite witli planks. 4. 
The bell to be fitted upp in all respects and Hanged therein fitt for 
use." Upon the completion of the contract the selectmen were to 
pay "the sd Job Lane or his Assigns the sume of one hundred and 
ififfty pounds in corne, cord-wood and provisions, sound and mer- 
chantable att price currant and fatt catle, on valuacon by Indifferent 
men unless themselves agree the prices." 

In 1682, the town voted, "That Samuel Lewis is agreed withal 
to ring the bell, and to sweep the meeting-house, — for which he is 
to have £1. 13s. in pay by the year." At the same time the records 
show that £2. lis. 3d. were due Philip Atwood for ringing the 
bell. 

In 1684, the town expended 2s. 4d., "expenses about the bell 
taking downe and hanging up." At this time the bell was placed 
upon what was then called and is yet known as "Bell-Rock," near 
which the first church stood. In 1690, " Thomas Dunnell is made 
choyse of by the Towne to ring the bell and sweepe the meeting 
house the 1 of March 90 for which he is to have one pound fifteen 
shillings in pay by the yearc." At a meeting, March 21, 169 § it 
was voted, "That y e bell shall be Hanged one the top of y e Meting 
hous." And also, "That the select men shall Take care for to agree 
with a workman for the hanging of the bell one y e Top of y e meting 
hous." 

In 1694, it was voted, "that Isaac TVilkeson shall have Two 
accres of Land in y e common neere his house for bidding y e Tarrat 
one y e meting hous and y e laddar, And y e said Wilkcson hath ex - 
epted." In 1695, it was voted "that the town will alowe Samuell 
Stoures aighteen shillings with what he hath had all Beady for the 
finesing of the teret and hanging the bell." In 1697, it was voted 
to employ a man "to ring the bell & to sweep and see to the meeting 
house for this year, and to have for his paines, £2. 13 : he also to 
have 3s. to dig graves." This was probably paid to Dunnell, as he 
performed such service until 1712, and perhaps later. In 1802, 
"Lord Timothy Dexter" presented the town with a bell, and the fol- 
lowing vote of thanks was passed : " Voted, That we are deeply 
sensible of the honor done by Timothy Dexter, Esq., in the donation 
of the large and elegant bell which lie has presented us. That we 
hope to retain a grateful remembrance of our obligations to him ; and 

vol. xxviii 25 



282 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [July, 

unanimously request Mr. Dexter to accept our sincere thanks for the 
honor conferred upon the people of his native town." 

Newbury. 1635. Named from Newbury, co. Berks, England, 
where Rev. Thomas Parker, the first minister of this town, had 
preached. Its Indian names were Quascacunquen and Wessacucous. 
Newbury had its bell as early as 1665, when Anthony Morse was 
chosen " to keep the meeting-house and ring the bell." Jan. 4, 1706, 
it was "voted that the new bell be hanged in the turret of the meet- 
ing house witli all convenient spccde. Also to take care that the 
bell be rung at nine of the clock every night and that the day of the 
month be every night tolled." 

Newton. 1639. Called New Town in the records until 1766, 
says Jackson, in his history of that town. This was the early name 
of Cambridge, of which Newton was a part. Incorporated in 1691, 
but settled and known as " Cambridge Village' as early as 1639. It 
had a bell in 1658, as is shown by the following votes : "That ye 
meeting house be repaired, and for warmth and comfort, that ye house 
be shingled," to build "two galleries with three seates," and that 
"ye house be plastered within side with lime and haire, also for set- 
ting out ye house that some pinnacle or other orniments be set upon 
each end of ye house and that ye bell be removed in some convenient 
place for ye benefit of ye towne," " always provided before this be 
done ye timbers of ye house be well searched that, if there be such 
defects as some think, our labor may not be in vaine." In 1659, 
John Chamberlain, the first sexton noticed, was to have fifty shil- 
lings a year for ringing the bell and sweeping, and £3 if he would 
"keep ye doore bowlted." 

In 1666, the* town paid "for ringing ye bell, expenses about a 
lame Indian and for soldiers that were pressed to the castle." In 
1635, we find a law passed that no person should live beyond half a 
mile from the meeting-house. 

In 1873, Newton was favored with a gift by a public-spirited 
woman ; it being a beautiful chime of nine bells, which has been 
placed in the new edifice of the Grace Church. 1 The weight of the 
largest bell is 2,150 pounds; of the smallest, 295 pounds; of the 
nine, 8,296 pounds. They were cast by Win. Blake & Co. The 
cost of the chime was $4,400. 

1 The names and inscriptions are as follows: — 

E. "Donor's Bell." 
"Mrs. Elizabeth Trull Elclridge gave me and eight companions to Grace Church Parish, 
Newton, upon the completion of the new church, September, 1873." 

" This also that she hath done shall bo spoken of for a memorial of her." — Mark xiv. : 9. 

F#. " Holy Bavtism Bell." 
" Baptism doth also now save us — not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but tho 
answer of a good conscience towards God." — 1 Peter iii. : 21. 

G$. " Christmas Bell." 
<c For unto you is born this day, in the city of David, a Saviour, which is Christ the 
Lord."— Luke il. : 11. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 283 

Woburn". 1640. Probably named for Woburn, co. Bedford, 
England, a town chiefly famous for containing "Woburn Abbey. 
Formerly " Charlestown Village." The first church in Woburn was 
organized Aug. 24, 1642, two years after its settlement, and the first 
house erected. The inhabitants were notified of the hour of meet- 
ing, " by a bell hung on a hill in the neighborhood (probably that 
back of the old Fowle tavern stand), which was called from this cir- 
cumstance, many years after, Bell Hill." The second meeting-house 
was erected in 1672, and the bell was then placed in a turret on its 
top, and in 1674 the town was "Dr. to John Tead for ringing the 
bell £1: 10: 00." March 8, 1699, the selectmen "agreed with 
Simon Thompson to ring the bell, sweep the Meeting hous, see to 
shut the Casements and doors, as need requires." In 1680, "To 
Jonathan Thompson for ringing the Bell, and sweeping the meeting 
hows, £1. 10. 00." 

Haverhill. 1640. Named for Haverhill, co. Essex, England, 
the birthplace of its first minister, the Rev. John Ward. Indian 
name, Pentucket. At the March meeting in 1648, it was "voted 
that the Meeting House shall stand on the lower knowle at the lower 
end of the Mill Lot." Previous to this, tradition says, that the 
people assembled for public worship on pleasant Sabbaths beneath 
the branches of a large tree that stood near the burial ground. At 
tins time there was no bell to call the people together, and it was 
voted that " Richard Littlehale should beat the drum on the Lord's 
day morning and evening, and on lecture days, for which, and also 
for writing public orders, he is to have 30 shillings ; he is also to 
beat the drum for town meetings." A temporary change took place 
in the manner of notifying meetings, four years afterward, but the 
former method was resumed the following year ; this was the vote : 
"that Abraham Tyler shall blow his horn in the most convenient 
place every Lord's day about half an hour before the meeting begins, 
and also on lecture days ; for which he is to have one peck of corn 
of every family for the year ensuing." 

A. " Holy Communion Bell." 
" This do in remembrance of me."— Luke xxii. : 19. 

B. " Rector's Bell." 
" And how shall they hear without a preacher ? "—Romans x. : 14. 

[C#. " Easter Bell." 
" The Lord is risen indeed." —Luke xxiv. : 34. 

D. " Marriage Bell." 
11 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder."— Mark x. : 9. 

D#. " Burial Bell." 
" The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away ; blessed be the name of the Lord." 
—Job. i. : 21. 

E (octave). "Children's Bell." 
" Except ye be converted and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the king 
dom of heaven." — Matthew xviii. : 3. 



284 Early Bells of Massachusetts. . [July, 

In 1G97, the town voted to build a new meeting-house, which was 
to have " a Turret for a bell." But Haverhill had no bell until 1748, 
when one was imported from London, by the first parish, and after 
considerable " town talk" it was " voted to Hang the Bell on the top 
of 'the meeting house, and Build a proper place for that purpose;" 
and " to Raise one Hundred pounds old tenor towards defraying the 
Charges of building the Steple and Hanging the Bell." The belfry 
was built on the ridge of the meeting-house, and the bell-rope de- 
scended to the broad aisle. It was voted "to Ring the Bell at one 
of the clock every day and at nine every night and on Sabbaths and 
Lectures." 

Haverhill is now the happy possessor of a chime of bells, it being 
the first one introduced into Essex Co., and the sixth in Massachu- 
setts ; the other five being Christ Church and Arlington St. Church, 
Boston, First Church, Charlestown, Christ Church, Cambridge, and 
St. Anne's, Lowell. The chime in Haverhill is in the tower of 
Trinity Church, and was placed there in 1869. This chime was 
cast by Win. Blake & Co., of Boston, and has an aggregate weight 
of 5,095 pounds, 1 

Lowell. Incorporated 1826. Named in honor of the manu- 
facturer of that name, Francis Cabot Lowell. The third chime of 
bells introduced into Massachusetts was placed in St. Anne's Church 
in 1857. There are eleven bells, weighing 9,899 pounds. They 
were purchased by subscription at a cost of nearly $4,000, and were 

1 The following are the inscriptions :— 

GBell. The Alarm Bell. Weighs 1,393 lbs. 
" Trinity Church, Haverhill. Presented by the citizens of Haverhill. ' Except the Lord 
keep the city, the Watchman waketh but in vain.' " 

A Bell. Weighs 987 lbs. 
" In memory of the Marsh Family. Peace to the Past, Joy to the Present, Welcome to 
the Future." 

B Bell. 715 lbs. 
" Funeral Bell. ' Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.' " 

C Bell. 616 lbs. 
" Wedding Bell. ' What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.' " 

D Bell. 416 lbs. 
" Presented by C. B. Caldwell. ' Come unto us, and we will do thee good.' " 

E Bell. 299 lbs. 
" Given by the Sunday School. ' Suffer little children to come unto me, for of such is 
the kingdom of Heaven.' " 

F Bell. 256 lbs. 
" Christening Bell. From Henry N. Page." 

F# Bell. 227 lbs. 
" In Memoriam. Fanny Chase Brooks." 

G Bell. 186 lbs. 
" In Memoriam. Ann F. Dewhurst." 

In this chime each bell has its distinctive duty well defined. An arrangement has been 
made to have the "curfew bell" runs each evening at nine o'clock. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 235 

first rung, with appropriate exercises, Saturday, Oct. 17, of the 
above year. 1 

Most of the towns in western Massachusetts were without bells 
during many of the early years of their settlement, the drum, conch 
shell and flag being used instead ; all of the different methods being 
tried in some of the towns before the bell was introduced. In Green- 
field, early known as "Green lliver," — and Northfield, Indian 
name " Squakeag," notification was made by drum, the drummer 
being appointed and paid by the town. In the latter town, in 1734, 
the drummer being absent, the selectmen agreed with Daniel Wright 
"to sweep the meeting house and hang out a flagg." 

1 The names, weight and inscriptions of the several bells are as follows: — 

E6. 2,271 lbs. Hedrick Bell. 

"We praise thee, God, and celebrate thy blessing, on the generous endeavors of Geo. 
Hedrick, Esq., and other citizens and friends, whereby we were placed here to ring Thy 
praise. Gloria Filio Spirituo. A.D. 1857. 

F. 1,448 lbs. Citizens' Bell. 
Art is the handmaid of human good. We were purchased through the generosity of the 
citizens of Lowell. A.D. 1857. 

G. 1,134 lbs. Parish Bell. 
First public worship in the village (now Lowell) by Rev. Theodore Edson, March 7, 
1824. St. Anne's Church consecrated March 16, A.D. 1825. 
Allan Pollock and Warren Colburn, first Church Wardens. 

Ab. 956 lbs. Parish Bell. 

Merrimack Company began work A.D. 1822. 

Town of Lowell incorporated A.D. 1826. 

City Charter granted A.D. 1836. 

A.D. 1857. 

B6. 783 lbs. Ole Bull Bell. 
This Bell was the gift of Ole Bull, the great violinist of Bergen, Norway. A.D. 18-57. 
Honor to whom honor is due. 

B. 683 lbs. Musicians' Bell. 
To the Memory of Handel. Born A.D. 168 1, died A.D. 1758. 
Presented by the principal musical professors and amateurs of Lowell, A.D. 1857. 

To music ! noble art divine, 

Ring forth, ye bells, a merry chime. 

C. 608 lbs. Hovey Bell. 
A memorial to George H. Carleton, late Junior Warden of St. Anne's Church. Presented 
to the church by Charles Hovey, as an expression of atrection for his early master and late 
partner. A.D. 1857. 

T>b. 565 lbs. Bishop's Bell. 
Rt. Rev. Manton Eastburn, D.D., Bishop of Massachusetts ; consecrated Dec. 26, 1842. 
Tanquam Dei dispensatorum. Ep. A.D. Titum. 

D. 530 lbs. Rector's Bell. 
Presented by the Ladies of St. Anne's Church, to perpetuate the memory of their beloved 
and devoted Pastor, Rev. Theodore Edson, D.D., Rector of the Parish since the consecra- 
tion, A.D. 1825. 

Blest is the tic that binds 
Our hearts in Christum love. 

E6. 481 lbs. Founders' Bell. 

Jones & nitchcock, Troy, Rensselaer Co., N. Y., Aug., A.D. 1857. 

F. 460 lbs. Ayer's Bell. 

Presented by James and Frederick Ayer, Chemists. Lowell, A.D. 1857. 

Omnibus que presunt scquiniux. 

vol. xxvm. 25* 



2S6 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [July, 

In Montague, formerly called "Hunting Hills," — Shelburne, 
"Deerfield Pasture" and "Deerfield North West,"— and Whateley, 

"The Straits," the shell was used. In Shelburne the shell was 
used for twenty years. In Montague, in 1755, it was voted to have 
"a shell blown at Lieut. Clapp's for a signal on Sabbath days" ; and 
in 1759, it was voted "to buy the shell of Lieut. Clapp for £1. 10s. 
and to allow Joseph Root 20s. for blowing the same, on the Sab- 
bath, for one year." 

IIapley. 1G59. Named, probably, from a town in England. 
Indian name Norvvottuck. The first meeting-house was finished in 
1670, and the same year the town voted to buy the bell "brought 
up by Lieut. Smith and others," and to pay for it by a rate in winter 
wheat, at three shillings per bushel. "If Lieut. Smith gets 4s. 3d. 
for the wheat in Boston, he is paid; if less, the town is to make it 
up ; if more, he is to repay." The bell was a small one, as the debt 
was £7. 10s. 

In 1676, the town voted "that the bell in the meeting-house shall 
be rung at 9 o'clock at night, throughout the year, winter and sum- 
mer." Judd says that Hartford began to ring a 9 o'clock bell in 
1665, " to prevent disorderly meetings, &c." This is the first notice 
of a 9 o'clock bell upon the Connecticut river. In Springfield, in 
1653, Richard Sikcs was to have one shilling for ringing the bell for 
marriages and funerals. No other town on the river was accustomed 
to have the ringing of bells at marriages or funerals. The turret for 
the bell was generally in the centre of the roof, and the bell-rope 
hung down in the broad aisle where the ringer stood. 

The bell in Hadley, bought in 1731, w T as broken by five young men 
in a ringing frolic, and recast by the town in 1785, the five persons 
breaking it paying four dollars each. 

Deerfield. 1671. " Not an English name, and undoubtedly 
of local origin here." Indian name, Pocumtuck, meaning "High 
Rock Place." Deerfield was a frontier town and suffered much by 
depredations from the Indians. The only item concerning a bell oc- 
curring in the towm-records is as follows : Sept. 6, 1773. " Voted 
that L* David Field, Mr. John Williams & Ens n Joseph Barnard be 
a committee to apply to Mr. Quartus Pomroy of N hampton & get 
him to come up & take a view of the Meeting house Bell & if he can 
mend it to agree with him to do it & if he thinks it must be sent 
home to be new cast or run s d Committee are hereby empowered to 
send the same to England or get it run in this Country if practicable 
as soon as may be & also to make such addition of Metal as shall 
make the new Bell weigh Five Hundred Weight. 

Att 1 John Hawks Modcraf." ' 

1 For this item I am indebted to the Hon. George Sheldon, the genial antiquary of 
Deerfield, who has for many years been gathering materials for the history of that old 
town. 



1874.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 287 

The "Bell of St. Regis," so closely connected with Deerfield, 
should here be referred to, although undoubtedly a myth. History, 
poems and romances have proclaimed its fame far and wide for many 
years. The truthfulness of Mrs. Sigourney's poem went unques- 
tioned for years. In the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society for 18G9-70, Mr. George T. Davis, aided by Mr. George 
Sheldon, has taken the romance out of this celebrated story concerning 
the St. Regis Bell, by proving conclusively that no such bell was ever 
in Deerfield, and that, consequently, it was never taken away during 
the attack by the French and Indians, under De Rouville, Feb. 29, 
1703-4. 

Sunderland. Named from Charles Spencer, Earl of Sunder- 
land. Incorporated in 1718, previous to which time it was known 
as " Swampfield," and was settled in 1673. Taft, in his address at 
the Field-Day of the "Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association," at 
Sunderland, Aug. 27, 1873, says: — "The arrival of the hour for 
public worship was announced at various periods by raising a flag, 
beating a drum, and blowing a conch shell; but in 1751 a new de- 
parture was taken, which is thus quaintly expressed in the record : 
* Voted to sell the Little Boggie Meadow and improve the money to 
buy a Meeting House Bell for the use of the first precinct in Sunder- 
land, and sell as much land at Hunting Hills as the Little Boggie 
Meadow fctchcth, to be improved either to building a Meeting House 
or settling a Minister there.' The bell was procured and set up as 
early as 1754." 

Leverett. 1750. The following votes were passed in 1775, in 
connection with the first meeting house in Leverett, the dimensions 
of which were to be 40 feet by 50, or "as large as the Whateley 
meeting house " : — 

"Voted we provide meat and peas or beans and some cake if 
needed for raising dinner or dinners. 

" Voted we have three barrels of cider. 

" Voted we make 14 bushels of cake for raising said meeting house, 
meaning any man whoever provides ye above articles for raising is to 
keep a particular account of ye same, to settle with ye committee ap- 
pointed for ye meeting house work, and have his credit and pay for 
ye same." 

Amherst. Incorporated in 1759. Named in honor of Jeffrey, 
Lord Amherst, then commander-in-chief of the forces in the French 
war. No mention is made of any early bells or other method of 
summons, but when known as the 3d precinct of Hadlcy, a meeting 
was held Sept. 22, 1735, at which, after choosing the necessary 
parish officers, it was voted to "lucre a menestcr half a yeare," and 
"to build a Meating House." This was built upon the hill on the 
common, where the college cabinet and observatory now stand. 



288 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [July, 

In 1871, the Memorial Church received a chime of nine bells, cast 
by Messrs. Wm. Blake & Co., with an aggregate weight of 8,287 
pounds. One of the bells bears the following inscription : — " 1871. 
These bells are placed here by George Howe, of Boston, and are to 
be made to chime on all suitable occasions, in commemoration of the 
brave patriots connected with Amherst College, who lost their lives 
in the war against the Great Rebellion of 1SG1." This was the 
seventh chime introduced into Massachusetts. 



COMMISSION OF JEREMIAH HALSEY, 1775. 

Communicated by Charles J. Hoadlt, A.M., of Hartford, Conn. 

Tnis copy of the commission of Jeremiah Halsey, of Preston, Conn., as com- 
mander of the Water-Craft at Ticonderoga, June 27, 1775, is from the original in 
the possession of his grandson, Jeremiah Halsey, Esq., of Norwich, Conn. The 
impression of the seal, which is on a wafer, cannot be made out. 

Ticonderoga. 

Benjamin Hinman Esq/; Colonell of the fourth Regi- 
( ") ment of foot, Raised by the Collony of Conecticut for the 
X ' ' ) Special Defence of the same, and Commander in Chief Sta- 
tioned at Ticonderoga and Crown Point 

To Jeremiah Halsey, Gentleman Greeting 
"Whereas there is at present Sundry Armed Vessles and small Craft on 
Lake Champlain which have lately been destitute of an officer to take the 

Command of them 

Do therefore reposing special Trust in Your Loyalty, Courage, Skill and 
Capacity, Constitute and appoint You the said Jeremiah Halsey to be 
Commander of all the sqadron on Lake Champlain, George, South and 
East Baye, Wood and Otter Creeks &c. &c. Consisting of Snows, Brigs, 
Sloops, Schooners, Gundalows, Schows, Pettiaugres, Rowgallys, Cutters, 
Barks, Cannoes, &c. And Cap 1 of the Armed Sloop Enterprize of Twenty 
Guns & You are therefore Required to Repair Imediately on board the 
s d Armed Sloop Enterprize and to hoist your flag on board of her — When 
Ready then to Cruise up and down the Lake Champlain, with the said 
sloop or any other Vessle or Craft, that you shall order. To Guard and 
Protect the Frontiers of the Province of New York in Particular and the 
United Collony's in General. You are to Obey the Instructions, that you 
will from time to time Receive from me or any other Superiour Officer that 
shall or may be on this Command, for Which this shall be Your Sufficient 
Warrant. 

Given Under my hand and seal at Ticonderoga this 27 of June Anno 
Domini One Thousand seven hundred and seventy-five and in the fifteenth 

Year of his Majesty's Reign 

Benj d Hinnman Collo of 4 th Reg* 

and Commander in Chief. 



f 



1874.] Prices of Stajrfe Commodities m IT 45. 289 



PRICES OF STAPLE COMMODITIES IN 1745. 

Tiie following warrant, which shows the prices of staple commodities in Massa- 
chusetts in the year 1745, is printed from a document belonging to C. T. Phillips, 
Esq., of South Hanover, Mass., which has been loaned to us for the purpose. It is 
a broadside 15 inches long and 12 1-2 inches wide, the print being 13 by 8 3-4 inches. 
The signature and the words between the superior figures 1 , 1 ; 2 , 2 ; and 3 , 3 ; are 
iu writing. The rest of the document is printed. The brackets on p. 290, lines 4 
and 32, are in the original. 

The warrant is dated about five months after the capture of Louisburg. There 
were then three kinds of Massachusetts paper money in circulation : the old, middlo 
and new tenor, accounts of which will be found in Felt's Historical Account of Mas- 
sachusetts Currency. 

Province of the G n r SEAL -] R 

Massachusetts-Bay ', JL Lk ,J 

"William Foye, Esq; 
Treasurer & Receiver- General of His Majesty's said 

Province, 

To 'Mr. Blany Phillips, 1 Constable or Collector of the 
Town of 'Duxbmy,' (Smtittfl, &C t 

/?P Virtue of an Act of the Great and General Court or 
Assembly of the said Province, begun and held at Boston 
upon Wednesday the Twenty-fifth Day of May, 1745. In the 
18 th - & 19 th - Years of His Majesty's Reign, JEntituled, An Act 
for apportioning and assessing a Tax of Thirty Thousand Pounds, 
in Bills of Credit ; and also for apportioning and assessing a further 
Tax of Two Thousand Four Hundred and Twenty-one Pounds 
Right /Shillings and Six Pence, in Bills of Credit, paid the Ke- 
presentatives for their Service and Attendance in General Court, and 
Travel ; and also the Sum of Two Hundred and Thirty -five Pounds 
Fines laid upon several Towns for not sending a Representative. 

T HE SB are in His Majesty's Name to Will and Require you 
' to Collect all and every the Szi?ns of Money mentioned in the 
List or Lists of the said Tax or Assessment of your Town, 
made by the Assessors or Select- Men of the said Town, and com- 
mitted to you to Collect : Amounting i?i the whole to the Sum 
of 3 Sixty-five pounds four shillings <£• I i d ." 

Ln manner followi?ig : That is to say, Of each Person the whole 
of his Proportion set down in the said List or Lists, before the last Day 
of May next ; so that you duely pay in the Sum Total of the said Lists 
unto, and make up and issue your Accompt of the whole thereof with 
Myself, His Majesty's Treasurer and Receiver-General of His Revenue 
within this Province, my Deputy or Deputies, or Successors in the said 
Office, at or before the last Day of June next, which will be in the 
Year of Our Lord One Thousand seven Hundred and Forty-six, 



290 Prices of Staple Cornmodities in 1745. July, 

which you are alike required to do. And in case any Person or Per- 
sons shall refuse or neglect to pay the several Sum or Sums, whereat 
he or they are set at in the Assessment, and are to pay the same upon 
Demand made [either in Bills of the last Emission ; or in Bills of 
Credit emitted in the Years 0?ie thousand scvc?i hundred and forty- 
one, One thousand seve?z hundred and forty-two, and 0?ie thousand 
seven hundred and forty-three ; or in coined Silver at the Rate of 
Six shillings and eight fence per Ounce, Troy weight ; or in Gold 
Coin at the Rate of Four founds eighteen shillings per Ounce ; or 
in Bills of Credit of the middle Tenor, so called, according to their De- 
nominations ; or in Bills of the old Tenor accounting four for one ; or 
in good Merchantable Hemp, at Four fence per Pound ; or Mer- 
chantable Kb* :it I'lvc Pence per Pound; or in good Merchantable 
/;/i> of ,'uthlc'i Cod-Fiat i at '/'en shillings per Quintal ; or in good re- 
iined Bur-Iron at Fifteen pounds per Ton; or bloomery Iron at 
Twelve founds per Ton ; or in good hollow Iron Ware at Twelve 
pounds per Ton ; or in Good Indian Corn at Two shillings and three 
fence per Bushel ; or good Winter Rye at Two shillings and six 
fence per Bushel ; or Good Winter Wheat at Three shillings per 
Bushel ; or in good Barley at Two shillings per Bushel ; or in good 
Barrel Pork at Two founds per Barrel ; or in Barrel Beef at One 
found five shillings per Barrel ; or in Duck or Canvas at Two founds 
ten shillings per Bolt, each Bolt to weigh Forty-three Pounds ; or in 
long Whalebone at Two shillings and three fence per Pound ; or 
Merchantable Cordage at One found five shillings per Hundred ; or 
in good Train Oyl at One found ten shillings per Barrel ; or in good 
Bees-Wax at Ten fence per Pound ; or in Bayberry-Wax at Six 
pence per Pound ; or in tryed Tallow at Four fence per Pound ; or in 
good Pease at Three shillings per Bushel ; or in good Sheep's Wool 
at Nine fence per Pound ; or in good tann'd Sole-Leather at Foicr 
pence per Pound, All which aforesaid Commodities shall be of the 
Produce of this Province,] it shall and may be lawful for you, and you 
are hereby authorized and required for Non-payment, to distrein the 
Person or Persons so refusing or neglecting, by his or their Goods or 
Chattels ; and the Distress or Distresses so taken, to keep for the space 
of Four Days, at the Cost and Charges of the Owner thereof; and if 
the said Owner do not pay the Sum or Sums of Money so assessed 
upon him, within the said Four Days, then the said Distress or Dis- 
tresses to be forthwith openly sold at an Outcry by you, for Payment 
of the said Money, Notice of such Sale being posted up in some publick 
Place in the same Town Twenty-four Hours before-hand ; and the 
Overplus coming by the said Sale (if any be) over and above the 
Charges of taking and keeping the Distress or Distresses, to be im- 
mediately restored to the Owner. And if any Person or Persons as- 
sessed as aforesaid, shall refuse or neglect to pay the Sum or Sums so 
assessed, by the space of Twelve Days after Demand thereof, where no 
sufficient Distress can or may be found, whereby the same may be 
levied ; in every such Case, you are to apply your self unto Two or 
more of the Assessors within your Town for Warrant to commit such 
Person or Persons to the common Goal, \_sic~] as the Law directs. And 
where any Person or Persons shall remove from your Town, not having 
first paid the respective Sums or Proportion set upon him or them in 
said Tax or Assessment ; you are hereby authorized and impowered 



1874.] Transfer of Eriiiy 291 

to demand the Sum or Sums assessed upon such Person or Persons, in 
what Town or Place soever he or they may be found within this 
Province ; and upon refusal or neglect to pay the same, to destrein the 
said Person or Persons, by his or their Goods and Chattels, as afore- 
said ; and for want of such Distress to commit the Party to the common 
Goal, there to remain until Payment be made of the Sum or Sums so 
set upon him, with all Charges arising by reason of such Commitment. 
And hereof you are not to fail, upon the Pains and Penalties as may in 
such Case by Law be inflicted on you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Boston, the Sixth Day of 
November, 1745. In the Nineteenth Year of the Reign of our 
Sovereign Lord GEORGE the Second, of Great-Britain, &c. 
KING. Wm. Foye. 



TRANSFER OF ERIN. 

By Thomas C. Amory. 
II. 

IN our last number the historical events connected with the invasion 
were recalled to the reader. Its easy and early success was 
explained by the political state of the island, divided amongst many 
independent septs and chieftains comparatively powerless to cope, 
even if united, with soldiers trained in the best schools of war- 
fare, better armed and equipped, and drawing their reinforcements 
and supplies across the channel from a nation vastly superior in 
numbers and resources. Some account was attempted of the more 
prominent leaders, and the share each received of the spoil. It was 
shown, how, establishing themselves in the seaports long occupied 
exclusively by Danes and other strangers, they contrived to preserve 
and extend their conquests by more thorough military discipline, and 
occasionally by their superior craft in fomenting dissension. Resum- 
ing the narrative at the close of the first century from the landing 
at the death of Henry the Third, it is proposed to pursue the course 
of events bearing on our subject down to the epoch when the battle 
of Bosworth transferred the English crown from Plantagenet to 
Tudor. 

Even in the early period of occupation the pressure of English 
power was not constant, and when opportunity offered the septs re- 
sumed possession of their territories, driving out the intruders. In 
Ulster, except near the eastern shore in Antrim and Down, the 
English retained no foothold ; and in Munster, McCarthy More con- 
fined them to their castles. O'Connor of Conn aught reduced their 
castle of Roscommon, which, with Athlone," Rathdone, Carrick- 
fcrgus and cities along shore were their principal strongholds. 
Under a grant from Edward the First of Thomond, Thomas do 



292 Transfer of Erin. [July, 

Clare brother of the Earl of Hertford, and whose wife was daughter 
of Fitzgerald, taking advantage of a disputed succession between 
two of the O'Briens, made his way into the country and erected 
fortifications. Beset by the exasperated clans whom he sought to 
subject, from jealousy or an ebullition of temper he cruelly murder- 
ed Roe O'Brien, who had befriended him, and to whom he was in- 
debted for what measure of success had attended his enterprise. He 
died 1286, and thirty years later, two of his sons being defeated and 
slain, the remaining members of his family, burning Bunratty Castle 
which they had erected for their abode, quitted Thomond never to re- 
turn. John Fitz Gcfiroi, in 12G6 justiciary for the third time, ob- 
tained a grant of the Barony of Islands in Clare, but did not hold 
it long. The endeavors of OTIanlon and McMahon to expel the in- 
truders were attended with partial success, and McLaghlin of Meath 
defeated and slew Richard Tuite the great baron. The O'Connors 
of OfFaly sacked the Castle of Kildare. At a later period, in 
1315, their chiefs, invited to a banquet at the Castle of Sir Pierce 
Birmingham, were massacred. Birmingham was arraigned for the 
crime, but no justice was done. He was soon after defeated at 
Ballymorc. The hard fought battle of Glenfel was won by 
Mandeville, but the O'Byrnes and O'Tooles gained a decisive vic- 
tory at Glendalough. 

After the battle of Bannockburn, 1314, Edward Bruce, brother 
of King Robert, was invited to become King of Ireland. Robert's 
wife was daughter of the Earl of Ulster : her sisters married Fitz- 
geralds of Offiily and Desmond, De Clare and Multon. De 
Lacys and De Bissets lent aid to the project, but soon sought pardon 
for their imprudence and returned to their allegiance. Felim 
O'Connor of ConnauMit at first took sides against Bruce, but after 
defeating his kinsman Roderick, who sought to supplant him with 
his sept, he went with his countrymen, nearly all of whom favored 
and sustained the movement. They were profoundly disgusted with 
English rule, of which the manifest policy was to dispossess them 
of their lands and subject them to servitude. In an admirable 
address to the Pope, signed by the O'Neil and other chiefs, they 
state that they were treated as enemies, not subjects ; that any En- 
glishman might take the law against an Irishman, but if he killed 
an Irishman falsely and perfidiously, as often happened, he could 
not be brought before the English tribunals. 

Bruce was one of their own race. For two years he was eminent- 
ly fortunate, defeating the English forces on eighteen battle-fields. 
His brother Robert joined him from Scotland, and they marched into 
Connaught. Circumstances seemed propitious, for Edward the Sec- 
ond was a weak king, and the nation apparently of one mind. But 
when all promised success, Robert was called back to Scotland, dis- 
putes arose among the chiefs, and the Irish having wasted their 
strength in mutual slaughter were defeated with Great loss at the 



1874.] Transfer of Erin. 293 

fatal battle of Athenry, helped by Birminghams and De Burghs. 
After waiting in vain for happier auspices, Edward Bruce marched to 
meet the English forces, and fell at the battle of Faughard near Dun- 
dalk in 1318. Thus faded away for Ireland the hope of escape, by 
uniting the two branches of the Milesian race against foreign domi- 
nation, from a connection she had every reason to dread. The event 
gave strength and stability for a time to English rule, but even in the 
ten counties and liberties it was mostly nominal, the preponderance 
of the natives setting at naught any effort to molest them. The 
power of the kings of Connaught, however, was broken at Athenry, 
their territories being divided between the two branches of the race, 
O'Connors Don and O'Connors Roe. 

The English among themselves were restless and quarrelsome. 
Grasping and domineering, like birds of prey they pounced down 
upon whoever were weak, their allies of to-day being their enemies on 
the morrow. There was, perhaps, often more of policy than temper 
in their course. The Geraldines with Butlers and Birminghams 
warred with Powers and De Burghs. Talbots and Birminghams 
were butchered by Gernons and Savages, Bodnets and Condons by 
Barrys and Roches. Fighting, indeed, was the business of life at 
the period, not in Ireland alone, but in England, France and every- 
where else. Donald McMorough, representative of the ancient kings 
of Leinster, then for the most part regained by McMoroughs and 
O'Moores, declaring his right to its throne and marshalling his clan, 
Desmond and O'Brien attacked him and his allies, O'Nolans and 
O'Dempsys. Another Desmond in 1370 is found arrayed against 
O'Briens and O'Connors, who defeated and slew him at Limerick. 
Edward III., dissatisfied that his subjects should squander blood and 
treasure needed for the successful prosecution of his wars in France, 
issued a decree that all lands granted by his father or himself should 
be resumed. It was easier even for him, though sufficiently strong 
in purpose, to order than to accomplish, and what were seized he was 
compelled to restore. However eager for contention with Irish sept 
or their own countrymen, the English banded together as one for 
their common safety, and were too remote to be much endangered. 
Their matrimonial alliances gave strength to their power of resist- 
ance, and one at this time with the royal family had rendered it 
more difficult still to keep them in submission. 

From Joan d' Acres, born to Edward the First on his crusade, 
descended through Clares and De Burghs, Philippa Plantage- 
nct, heiress of Ulster. Joan's sister Elizabeth was the wife of 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and their daughter Elea- 
nor, of James, Earl of Ormond, who in consequence of this alliance 
was made Lord Palatine of Tippcrary. Their daughter espoused 
Gerald the poet, fourth Earl of Desmond, and their descendants thus 
transmitted the blood of the Plantagenets, of Charlemagne and 
Alfred to most of the ruling families of Ireland, — English and Irish. 

vol. xxviii. 26 



294 Transfer of JZrin. [July, 

For the first Earl of Desmond, in 1330, Kerry had been created a 
palatinate, the eighth so constituted, with power to' make barons and 
knights, establish courts, choose judges and sheriffs, and within their 
limits the king's writ did not run. As their jurisdiction could not 
be maintained over the septs, it was limited, but the Minister Ger- 
aldines gaining gradually in power, their court at Tralee was said 
later to have been better administered than the Kings at Dublin, and 
was attended by both races. Lands ecclesiastical, called the crosses, 
had sheriffs of their own and their tenants were subject to special 
regulations. 

These tribunals, with their conflicting modes and process, gov- 
erned by common law and statute, march law and usage, bred 
confusion. Attached though they were to their own ancestral code, 
greater uniformity was to be wished, and the Irish, who when with- 
in reach of the English law were subjected to its oppressions without 
enjoying its benefits, would gladly have seen it universal. The pro- 
tection extended to the five bloods, O 'Neils, O'Connors, O'Briens, 
Cavanaghs and McLaghlins, was very naturally coveted by the rest. 
The request to the First Edward and his grandson for its extension 
led to an ordinance of Parliament that there should be one and the 
same law for Irish and English ; but it was frustrated by English 
landholders, who recognized in no race but their own any rights to 
be respected. Where they could with impunity, they shot down the 
Irish as game upon the mountains, despoiling them of their cattle, 
their lands or their children, leaving no redress but retaliation. 
That these atrocities engendered no implacable animosity can only 
be explained by the lawless state of the country and incessant- war- 
fare. Memory of them, even when preserved in the cloister, 
passed out of mind among the people, and each generation, as it 
succeeded, received what existed as the natural condition, and, 
powerless to improve, acquiesced in what could not be remedied. 

Growing independence of the crown excited the jealousy of its 
representatives and led to a distinction between those of English 
birth and English blood. Edward the Third, in 1342, instructed 
Darcy his justiciary to remove from official position whoever had 
married or held lands only in Ireland, and replace them by 6uch as 
having estates in England were more within reach of the royal dis- 
pleasure. A long course of similar orders and decrees, as well as of 
acts of legislation, proved how utterly ineffectual such measures were 
to prevent what they prohibited. The famous statute of Kilkenny, 
in 1367, constituted intermarriages, gossipred or fostering with the 
Irish, adopting or submitting to Brehon law, treason. Assuming 
an Irish name, using the Irish language, npparcl or customs, worked 
forfeiture of estate. The act further forbade the English from mak- 
ing war without permission of the government, allowing Irish to pas- 
ture cattle on their lands, admitting them to benefices or religious 
houses, or entertaining their minstrels, rhymers or newstellers. By a 



1874.] Transfer of Erin. 295 

\ 
later law, in 1447, Englishmen who did not shave the upper lip were 
subjected to pains and penalties. 

These unfriendly dispositions towards the septs, expressed in 
a language they did not comprehend, if known to them produced 
little effect and went soon out of mind. When a chief was inau- 
gurated, to enure them to their vocation of war he led his new 
subjects against some neighboring sept of either race against whom 
there was a score to be paid. When the maraud was over, little 
rancor remained, the despoiled biding their time for retaliation, and 
their general policy being simply to dislodge the intruders. In 1380 
Roger De Mortimer, then thirty years of age, son of Phillippa Plan- 
tagenet, and next of kin to the crown, was appointed viceroy. lie 
was kindly received, but seizing treacherously in his own mansion 
Maginnis lord of Iveagh in Down and OHanlon, he was unable to 
possess himself of his territory in Ulster. lie fortified the castle of 
Colraine, building a bridge over the river of English oak, and for- 
tifying it by three castles, but was soon overtaken by the fatality 
which attended all the Mortimers in Ireland, and died in 1381. 
Four years later Richard appointed his favorite De Vere earl of Ox- 
ford, creating him marquis and duke of Ireland, and transferring to 
him that and the neighboring islands, but he was removed after a 
brief enjoyment of his prosperity, and died in exile in 1392. 

Meanwhile the English were everywhere disheartened. The 
neighborhoods of Cork, Waterford and Limerick were devastated. 
The Ormonds succeeded to estates of the Mariscos, and purchased 
Kilkenny of the Clares, but their possessions were disputed and the 
Geraldines, the only other family of the original adventurers, were 
equally powerless to stem the tide. Art, for half a century " replete 
with hospitality, knowledge and chivalry, the prosperous and kingly 
enricher of churches and monasteries," was obeyed as king of Leinster 
by the other septs descended from Cahir Mor. His wife was an En- 
glishwoman, Baroness of Norragh, whose estates were within reach 
of the government at Dublin. They were confiscated on the plea 
that she had married an Irishman. Thus with monstrous ingrati- 
tude, the representative of Dermot MacMorrough, who with his 
daughter Eva had given all Leinster to Strongbow and the English, 
was deprived of the small portion of the land of his ancestors which 
had returned to him by virtue of English law, under a like title. 

Richard the second, with an army of twenty thousand men, came 
into Ireland in 1394. His troops were repulsed by O'Connor of 
Ophaly, and O'Carrol of Ely. The king tried finally conciliatory 
measures. He admitted the Irish had rebelled in consequence of 
injustice done them, and made overtures of peace which were accept- 
ed. Four kings O'Neil, O'Connor, McMurrogh and O'Brien, 
dined with him in Dublin and received knighthood at his hands. 
Other princes of Ulster and Leinster, seventy-one in number, 
swore fealty, and agreed to surrender their domains and hold them of 



296 Transfer of Jprin. [July, 

the crown. But these pledges made under duress were considered 
of little obligation, and no sooner had the king sailed than they vir- 
tually renounced their allegiance by incursions into the pale. Roger 
De Mortimer, the viceroy left in charge of affairs, was in 1398 killed 
at Kenlis. Richard immediately returned with a force of nearly 
equal numbers as before, and went in pursuit of McMorough, who 
set him at defiance. The degenerate son of the Black Prince was 
forced to retreat, and whilst indulging his love of display at Dublin, 
Henry of Bolinbroke was mounting his throne. 

The nearest in lineal succession after Richard II. was not Henry, 
but Edmund Mortimer then seven years of age, son of Roger slain 
at Kenlis, and representative of Lionel, cluke of Clarence, third son 
of Edward the Third ; while the new king derived from John of 
Gaunt, the fourth son. This usurpation for eighty years was a 
fruitful source of contention and jealousy between the houses of York 
and Lancaster, the white rose and the red, drenching England in 
Itlood. Richard of York, son of Edmund Langley fifth son of Ed- 
ward Third, married Ann Mortimer the rightful heir after the death 
of her brother Edmund, who, while viceroy, died of the plague. For 
conspiring against Henry the Fifth, he was beheaded in 1415. 
Richard third duke of York, made protector after defeating Henry 
VI. at St. Albans, lost his life in 1460, at the battle of Wakefield. 
His son Edward IV. the year after gained the victories of Morti- 
mer's Cross and Towton, establishing himself on the throne. In the 
latter engagement nearly forty thousand were slain, and more than 
one hundred thousand fell in these wars. Barnet and Tewkesbury 
won by Edward brought to a close the hopes and almost the exist- 
ence of the house of Lancaster, so many had perished by axe or 
dagger, on the block or battle-field. While it lasted it engaged the 
support of the English lords of Ireland on either side, Butlers for 
Lancaster, Geraldines for York. The earl of Ormond was taken 
prisoner at Towton in 1461, and soon afterwards beheaded at New- 
castle, and the Butlers fell into disgrace for their attachment to the 
house of Lancaster. 

This civil war in England was a blessed boon to the sister kingdom. 
Relieved for a time from the heavy hand of oppression, its people 
enjoyed a brief respite of repose to recover their strength and to use 
it. Instead of adding to their acquisitions the English gradually 
lost what they had gained. Birminghams slightly increased their ter- 
ritory inConnaught, Desmond purchased half of Cork from De Cogan, 
Clcnnish and Kilsellan from Grandison, in Tipperary. Ormond 
over-ran and for a time subjected the Barrets. Kildare received 
by marriage and by grant portions of the inheritance of Sybil 
Marshall, one of the five co-heiresses of Leinster. But they were 
titles rather than possessions. When the Earl of Ulster was slain, a 
branch of the O'Neils established themselves at Clandcboy in Antrim, 
and towards 1341, other septs taking Athlone, Roscommon and Rath- 



1874.] Transfer of ^rin. 297 

down, resumed a large part of the area brought under English 
dominion. Lasaugh O'More of Leix took eight castles in a single 
evening and sacked Dunamage. Some idea of the state of the coun- 
try at this period may be obtained from the representation made to the 
king by an assembly convened by Desmond at Kilkenny, that the 
Irish had retaken one-third of the manors which had yielded revenue 
to the crown, levelling the castles and reducing the colonists to pov- 
erty ; that this was owing to embezzlements practised by English 
ministers, who intrusted the castles to incompetent warders to extort 
fees, charged to the crown supplies taken for their own use and for 
which they never paid, and salaries for castles demolished or 
which had never existed, exacting fines for non-atten